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Information for the Agriculturist and the
Housekeeper, Brief and Timely.
Every Farm Should Have its Grapes—Early
fc Potatoes are Much to be De3ired—Plants
for Honey—A Cheap and Pretty Hamper.
Grape vines of two, three or more
years old are often bought with the
idea that they will come earlier into
hearing tnan those younger and of
pioderate size. There are so many
branches, each with several buds capa
ble of producing a shoot forth com
ing year, that the planter supposes
himself to have a sure thing on grapes
if he can make the vine live. Bu
with a top disproportioned in size to
the root, as such a vine is sure to be.
the result is always most unsatisfac
tory. Each bud will start, it is true
but the sap divided among so many
shoots gives each only a feeble growth.
If there are blossom germs Hidden in
the budi,, they will blast either before
or after blossoming, and produce no
fruit In fact, and old, overgrown
vine will not so soon into bearing,
thus treated, as will the smallest year
ling vine from which only one shoot is
allowed to push the first year, and
which is cut back to one or at most
two buds the second season. Thus
concentrated, the sap makes a strong
cane, capable of supporting two or
three clusters of grapes, and the year
after becoming the trunk, from which
large numbers of shoots, each with
its burden of clusters, a be borne.
A vine thus treated is much less liable
to disease than one neglected in prun
ing. Trying to grow too many bunches
is a frequent cause of mildew, and
even if this is not the case, the
bunches are small, and weight of fruit
less than it would be with closer prun
ing and fewer bunches.
Points on Early Potatoes.
Ground for early potatoes should be
a loose light soil that will dry out early
in the spring, and if proteced from the
cold west winds by woods or a hill it is
an advantage. Th ground should be
well matured with fine barn-yard ma
nure and plowed in the fall. Plo
not over five inches deep. A soon in
the spring as the ground is dry
enough harrow well and plow again.
This time seven or eight inches deep.
You now have the manure where it
will do the most good—also fine ground
in the bottom. Harrow thoroughly
again, and you have a perfect seed
bed, fine in the bottom as well as on
top. If the ground is left until spring
it can be treated the same. Th ad
vantage in fall in is, you can
work earlier in the spring. W the
ground is ready, open good deep fur
rows, three feet, six inches apart. Fiv
inches is deep enough for early pota
Plants for Honey.
The idea of planting for honey has
been gaining ground in this country,
and quite a number of bee-keepers
now sow aisike clover, buckwheat,
sweet clover, and Chapman honey
plant for their bees to feed on. Eve
the government has taken up the
question, and sent out a great many
pounds of seeds of honey plants, and
the inference is that the* bee-keepers
will plant for honey in the future more
than thev have in the past. Bu plant
ing for honey alone will not pay, in
my estimation, but when clover or
plants sown can be used for hay or
some other purpose, there is indirectly
a double profit obtained. Th average
cotony of bees forage over thousands
of acres of land in search of their
sweets, and the bee keeper could not
calculate on more than ten pounds of
honey per acre from honey-producing
plants. This would not pay any one
for the trouble, unless only such plants
were grown that could be utilized for
FARM KW HOUSEHOLD.
Pea Vine or Large Clover.
FOL' a crop to pasture, to rot on he
land or to plow under for manure, the
pea-vine clover is superior to the
medium or small variety. But it makes
a very coarse hay which can hardly
be cured without heating or getting
wet before it is drawn in. us kept,
cattle and sheep reject the butts much
as tney do the coarse butts of corn
stalks. Considering the extra trouble
there is in curing the large variety,
the smaller is preferable for hay. In
fact, it will probably give more feed
in»first and second crop than the large
kind. Owin to its stronger growth
the pea vino is less liable to winter
kill than the common variety of clover.
Making Pork Too Pat.
Th evil of over-fattening pork is
less common than it used to be.
reasons have combined to make lean
meat more popular. Th doctors
taught that it was more healthful a/ud
nutritious than the fat, and about the
same time the use of other oils deeneaa
ed the price ef lard so that excessive
fat pork was neither profitable na
needed. Theehange in ways of feed
in has also had something to dn» witHi
making pork aaore wholesome. Corn
is-no longer the exclusive food ««ren
for fattening. li'he best practice a
is to feed the cations that will make
hogs gi-ow and fceep thrifty from *h
time it is born wstil it is killed. Tine/re
imay.be exceptions to this in animals
for breeders but all others should
3)e fat enough fkar ,use from the tiaaae
«they are the right size for roasting.
the liberal use of milk, oatmeal
and ,peac growth is promoted, along
with at a£l times encnagh fat to make
delicious pork, far ihatfcer than that
madje by starving he animal while
\yoaupg, and over-feeding with corn as
become older. v#sf
I Barley for Hog Fattening.
he low price of Barley this yFar*
Cornpecially that which is ligafc weight
AII off color, has induced many farmers
an feed it to their hogs. It makes a
Arm, sweet pork with more lean it
»tte|an when corn is fed. I England
factlfuse barley is a staple pig feed. I
better if mixed with peas and the
NEap ground together. he husks of
barley help to prevent clogging of
stomach, to which pigg are
especially liable if given too concen
trated food. 7 ,V^V«
Regular Hours for Feeding.
Th advantage of good feeding de
pends much on regularity. If supplies
are furnished at irregular hours, not
only are animals kept uneasy, but
their digestion is injured and they can
not thrive. Her is the great advant
age of herbivorous animals over those
of carnivorous habit. Flesh-eaters
gorge themselves when they capture
their prey, and then suffer from
until their next capture. This keeps
them always thin in flesh, as they have
to be to hunt well.
If you cannot procure meat for your
fowis, buy them some cotton-seed meal.
If fed daily, one pint to a mess of soft
food for 200 hens is sufficient Milk is
also an excellent substitute for meat,
and, in fact, is considered preferable
by some pultry keepers. N matter
how well balanced their ration may
be, change it often. A variety of food
gives zest to the appetite and stimu
A poultry yard can properly be the
dumping ground for a great deal of
vegetable rubbish, to give the occu
pants exercise in scratching sind to
convert the rubbish into manure or
mulch. A ton of weeds, straw, leaves,
salt or bog hay, sea-weed or cornstalks
will soon be scratched fine in a popu
lous poultry-yard. he weather assists,
N corn that is quite immature is
wholesome and excellent for fattening
poultry. he notion that it produces
bowel disease or cholera is only a no
tion moldy, green corn is no doubt
unwholesome we were speaking of
sound, new corn.
Th housewife who makes a prac
tice of giving fowls a mixed me&s of
warm mash and vegetables with scraps
of meat and crumbs of bread will
quickly discover that it is superior to
an exclusive diet of grain for poultry.
Several thicknesses of stout paper or
roof boards overlaid with burlap and
this coated with coal tar, makes a
serviceable roofing for sheds and
other buildings where cheapness is de
sirable. Th tar will need renewing
every year or two, but it does not
cost much. If filled with gravel it will
be all the more durable.
Milk as Pood.
No merely young people, but those
who work either with mind or
body, are better for living largely on a
diet of milk. I is particularly favor
able for those who make great mental
exertion. Gladstone in England uses
a great doal of milk daily, and finds
his health better sustained than by
taking more of his nourishment in the
shape of bread and meat.
A Fuldmg Hamper.
Th hamper, illustrated here, is par
ticularly calculated to
fill a long-felt want in
r~$r bed-rooms, whose size
*8 ^im^te^- It made
A of dark walnut or stain
ed wooden stacks and
lined with prerty cre
ton. Thi lining can be
fastened into the basket
or hamper by means of
buttons, as to be easily
removed, when soiled.
he framework of the
basket can be made at
tractive by decorating
with brass or nickel up
holsterer's tacks. W
empty the gathering
string of the lining can
be draw and the frame
work folded, as shown
in our second illustra
tion. I makes a very
pretty and convenient
receptacle and can always be kept
Of all grains oats stand first as the
best for purposes of feeding.
Calves should have water, and young
pigs should also be well supplied.
Milk is a substitute for water.
One anode of disposing of surplus
poultry is to cap "it. This country
produces us quantities of noui
try, and «re should be able to export a
Th oest of a farm is not the heav
iest expense to the beginner. he
outlay for horses, cattle, machinery,
utensils and extra labor the first year
is often snore than the cost of the
Look o«e the ".vegetable seeds that
are stored away, ffihey should be kept
4ry, and as mice may destroy
he seeds «fcould be 'protected by sus
pending the .bags or tbjr inclosiag them
In. a tin box
Whitemasfe should be used in .order
to render the stables (Cheerful. A
stable is more comfortable than &<dark
one, and as tfee lime partially serves
to disinfect the building uts appieation
should be frequent
Busies may be maSe*' for^goveratftg
the dairy work, but (there can be AO
rule made for feeding the in re
gard to quantity of food. E a cow
will a her special demands, and
they be complied with.
Mulch around the jroung trees as
soon as the .ground is frozen. Thi will
prevent the ground from thawing too
early in the spring, thus delaying the
flow of sap, thereby lessening the lia
bility of injury from late frosts.
Hints to .Housekeepers
Leather, paper or wood may be firm
fastened to metal by a cement made
by adding a teaspoonful of glg&Srine
to a gill of glue. I can also "be used
for fastening labels on tin.
Buckets and all wooden pails not in
use, as well as washtubs, should be
turned bottom side up, to prevent
prevent baby's flannels from
shrinking, wash them in cold soapsuds.
prevent them from growing hard
with, frequent washings, after the flan
nels are entirely clean, rinse in water
in which there is a little soap.
Bore a hole through the top of *a
broom-handle, tie a string in it, hang
the broom up when not in use, and it
will last twice as long as when allowed
to rest upon the floor. After sweeping
dip your broom in hot soapsuds, shake
well and hang up to dry.
W we wish to extract juices from
anything we put it in cold water, and
let it gradually reach the boiling point
so when we wish the viands to retain
their juices, and use the water only as
a medium for cooking them, tn oppo
site course must be pursued.
Her are two things to remember
when cooking either veal or pork:
they should be cooked so thoroughly
that the lean part will be white and
firm, and they should never be boiled
unless first well salted. W it pork
there should be served some "kind of
farinaceous yegetable, like rice, pota
toes or hominy.
Lemon juice squeezed upon your
spots of iron rust, with salt plentifully
sprinkled 'over it, will probably re
all traces of the unsightly spots
on your white dress. Bu if would
cover the nails in your closet with
little muslin bags, or pieces of glove
kid (old glove-fingers are as good as
anything), you will probably never
again experience this difficulty.
prevent oilcloth, patent leather
and similar materials from sticking
together when rolled, purchase a few
sheets of paraffine-impregnated or
otherwise prepared paper, and roll the
material. This will prevent sticking.
It will also prevent the fading of the
colors or gloss by keeping out air and
moisture the evaporation of the oil is
likewise prevented to a great extent.
Soft water should be used in cooking
vegetables, and the only way city folfcs
can soften water is to add a little salt
to it. Si or eight potatoes will need
a teaspoonful of salt to the water tur
nips and parsnips require about the
same, that is, a teaspoonful of salt to a
quart of water. If any sku should
happen to rise to the surface when the
vegetables are boiling, it must be care»
fully skimmed off.
This is a spray the Bird clung to,
Making it blossom with pleasure,
J£re the high tree-top she sprung to,
Fit for her nest and her treasure.
Oh, what a hope beyond measure
Was the poor spray's which the flying feet
So to be singled out, built in, and sung to I
This is the heart the Queen leant on.
Thrilled in a minute erratic,
Ere the true bosom she bent on,
Meet for love's regal dalmatic
Oh, what a fancy ecstatic
Was the poor heart's ere the wanderer
Love to be saved for it, proffered to, spent
"Do I Look Like Lady!"
About thirty years ago a young girl
in a western city was iv charge of
a Sunday school class of rough boys,
usually known as "river rats," who
had never been in any school house
before. Whe she entered the room
she found lounging on the desks
and benches, wearing their hats,
puffing vile cigars, a defiant leer on
every face. The greeted her with a
loud laugh, and one of them ex
"Well, sis, you goin' to teach us?
She stood silent until the laugh
was over, and then said, quietly:
"Do I look like a lady?"
A astonished stare was the only re
ply which they gave.
"Because," she continued gently,
"gentlemen, when a iady enters the
room, take off their hats and throw
away their cigars."
Th lowest American secretly be
lieves himself to be a gentleman, and
in a moment every hat was off and the
lads were ranged in orderly attention.
So remarkable was the success of
this girl in managing and influencing
men of the roughest sort that she made
it tfee work of her life, says the Youth's
Companion. Sh established clean
and respectible boarding-houses for
sailors and boatmen, and reading a
coffee-rooms for laborers, and. founded
an Order of Honor, the members of
which strove to live sober christia
lives themselves and to help their fel
lows to do (the same.
A Sharp Lunatic.
Here is an amusing story, showing
the aptness with which a lunatic will
turn an argument. A inspect or visit
in the asylum at P. was requested by
the medical superintendent to be very
careful to address a certain patient as
*4Your Imperial Majesty," the poor
an immaginin himself to be Julius
Csesar and becoming furious if he did
dot areceive what he considered proper
respect Th inspector was careful to
follow instructions, and all went well.
On a subsequent visit he again address
the patient the same title.
"Wha do you mean?" was the reply
•'doa talk nonsense. I' Pluto.-71
"Oh!'** said the inspector. I beg
your pardon, but I thought were
Julius Caesar last year." "Well,
replied (the lunatic: "s I was, but
that was by another
^|Se«*ea Dinners Costing a Cent.
The maaag dinners for poor child
ren a trifle re economically in Edin
burgh than «is where. In Edinourg
it is found possible to supply for a.
half penny & wholesome meal of vege
table broth and bread. Scotch chifdren
thrive on the various savory thick
soups of many ingredients for which
the cuisine of the country is celebrat
ed, and unfortunately soup of a
kind, clear or thick, is rarely prepared
in the home of the English poor. Solid
meat, bread and potatoes form the
staple diet. I too many cases in
England bones are only regarded as
useful to the rag and bone man in
Scotland such waste is, rare ~evea
among the poorest 1
E a he Trai to S a
he following to is to of a Ger
an railroad a an lives in
is city: he a in on which he as
a in eharicedt be after dark,
a as a ad neglected to fill it
oil he a in he rear end of he
in coach he concluded at if he
a in a to be a
he of oil be a
S a a he a
a out a places
inside he coach in he
he a train as side
tracked allow a fast a in a
a in he switch a fellow
a an noticed at there were no
lights in he rear end of he a
in a he said "Wher are
"Oh I a
as I we needs
if we a a in in a
There was a man in our town and he was
wondrous wise. He jumped into a bramble
bash and scratched out both his eyeB. And
when he saw his eyeB were out, with all his
might and main, he* bought a bottle ot Sal
vation Oil and rubbed them in again.
The freight rates on our trunk lines have
been advanced, bnt this will have no effect
on the price of Dr. Bull's Cough Syrup, which
is sold at the old price of 25 cents a bottle.
At a meeting of the colliers owners of Great
Britan it was decided that in view of the com
binations of the men to coerce employers It
is necessary that tOemine owners also shonld
form a federation to protect their own in
Do your clothes last as they used to? If
not, you must be using a soap or washing
powder that rots them. Try the good old
fashioned Dobbins' Electric Soap, perfectly
pure to-day as 1865.
A daring and mysterious abduction of a
child took place from the St. Louis Children's
Free hospital. The child abducted was Roy
Bryant aged six years, and his father and
two women figured in the abduction.
ALLEN'S IRON TONIC BITTERS GIVE tone and
strength to the whole system. All genuine
bear the signature of J. P. Allen, Druggist,
St. Paul, Hum.
J. B. Armstrong, cashier of the Summer
County bank at Conway Spring, Kan was
probably fatally injured by a mob of farmers
and labors who had bills against asngar mill
with which Armstrong was connected.
Beware of imitatiosn—'-Tansill's Punch
Patrck Gibbons, the politician and witness
in the Cronin trial, who was shot by Police
Ca ptain Schuettler in a saloon brawl in Chi
cago, died from his wounds.
ACOTJGH.COLD, OR SORE THROAT, should not
be neglected. BROWN'S BRONCHIAL, TROCHES
are a simple remedy, and give prompt relief.
25cts. a box
The grand jury of St. Louis has returned
an indictment against William Gartenbach,
charging him with accepting a bribe while a
member of the house of delegates.
When btfby was sick, we gave her Castoria,
When she was a Child, she cried for Castoria.
When she became Hiss, she clung to Castoria,
When she had children,she gave themCastoria.
Mr. and Mrs. Edward Sculley were ai rested
at Oneida, N. Y. charged with the murder of
William Rhinhart, the sixty-nine-year-old fa
ther of Mrs. Sculley.
After 22 Years,
on S Cured
To THE EDITOR —Please inform your read
ers that I have a positive remedy for the
above named disease. By its timely use
thousands of hopeless cases have been per
manently cured. I shall be glad to send two
bottles of my remedy FREE to any of your
readers who have consumption if they will
send me express and post-office address. Re
spectfully, T. A SLOCUM, M. C, 181 Pearl
street, New York.
cured a man of chron
ic a in from son
stroke, which took the
form of chronic
O I HEADACHE,
which was completely cured as follows:
Paragon, Ind., July 80,1888.
I suffered with pains in my headfromsun''
stroke 22 years. T&ey were cured by St Jacobs
Oil and have remained so four years. 4
A SAMUEL SHIPLOK.^4
AT DMJGGIST3 AND DEALERS.
THE CHARLES A. V06ELER CO.. Baltimore. MH
This species offadvice Is not always accept
able, bat In many Instances much benefit
-would be derived wore it acted upon. N
section of tbe country isexempt from disease.
to know the beat means of combatting this
common enemy, with the least Injury to onr
pocket* and tastes, it certainly a great ad
vantage. We muet expect Torpid iJver.Con
SMted Spleen, Vitiated Bile and Inactive
owels, and allyrudent persons wQI supply
themselves with'Tutt's Pills, which stima
late the U*er, relieve the engorged Spleen,
determine a healthy flow of BOe, thus reg
ulating the bowels and causing all unhealthy
secretion* kopas*off in a natural manner.
"An ounce of preventive is worth. pound
of cure." advised and use
Tutf Liver Pills,
Price, 25c. Office,39 & 41 Park Place. ILY.
E a W a S
he decision to sell he
trader he a on prohibiting he
repair at will re
an a fixed percentage he ex
pens in ones will
strike from a a register a his
tori craft. a little
a a in he it from which she
to ok her a he an
her career under a a as hei*
a a in S he a a line record I
THE HEAVY END OF JL HATCH.
"Mary," said Parmer Flint, at the breakfast-table, as he asked for a I
Cup of I've made a discovery."
"Well Cyrus, you're about the last one suspect of such a in
I prescribe MX& folly en
dorse Big AS the only
specific forthe certaincure
of this disease.
at the heavy end of a match is its light end." responded
Cyrus, with a grin that would have adorned a skull.
Mary looked disgusted, but with an air of triumph quickly retorted
co y» top, Cyrus. I was made by Dr. E Pierce, and is called
^Golden Medical Discovery.' I drives away blotches and pimples, purifies he
blood, tones up the system, and makes one feel brand-new. Why it cured
Cousin Ben had consumption, and was almost reduced to a skeleton.
Before his wife began to use it, she was a pale, sickly thing, but look at &*?*
rosy-cheeked and healthy, and weighs one hundred and sixty-five pounds. a
Cyrus, is a discovery that's worth mentioning."
Th farmers wife was right, for the Golden Medical Discovery»i in fact
the only medicine for purifying the blood and curing all manner of pimples.
blotches, eruptions, and other Skin and Scalp diseases, Scrofulous Sores a
bwellmgs, and kindred ailments, possessed of such positive curative proDerties
as to warrant its manufacturers in selling it, as they are doing,
gists, under a positive guarantee that it will either benefit or cure in
case, or money paid for it will be refunded. It also cures Bronchial, Throa
and Iiung diseases. E Consumption (whic is Lung-scrofula) vields to
its marvelous curative properties, if taken in time and given a fair trial.
Amsterdam, J£. Y.
We bare sold Big loi
many years, and it has
eiven the best of eatit
ftl.OO. Sold by Druggist*
All Styles WEtJL DKHX8,
Hydraulic and Jetting-, and
Supplies and Wind Mills
manufactured by F. C.
Mfg. Co., Cbica
O E S &ORDWAY S PAUUMlNN.
^P.f*? l* ^H!5^»
S S fA^^Tv\^.
IFOR MA. S S &.HQ W S A A W M^GtTfVfcVvX
S of Blood, Shortness of Breath, BronchStla.
Asthma, Severe Coughs, and kindred affections, it is an efficient remedy.
Don't be fooled into taking something else, said to be "just as good at
the dealer may make a larger profit. There's nothing at all like the is
ery." I contains no alcohol to inebriate no syrup or sugar to derange
tion: as peculiar in its curative effects as in its composition. It's a concentrated
vegetable extract. Dos small and pleasant to the taste. Equally good or
E N S A E I A I
manently cured by DR. SAGE'S CATARRH REMEDY. 60 cents, by druggists.
REMEDY FOR CATABRii.—Best. Easiest to use.
Cheapest. Relief is immediate. A cure is certain. For
Cold in the Head it has no equal.
dress, Th. W. Zeil, Druggist. 100E. Mar
ketSt Jndunapolis, IndVAgentswanted.
1 1 1 1
Missonra XJTD KJJJSAS
mm FABKEB will be sent on trial four months to
I W *?F adores* In United States, Canadas or
^sWlV Mexico, for ten cents in stiver or stamps.
Address "M- & a- FAXMXK." BOX B. KansasCity. Ho.
Persons preferred who can furnish a horse and
give their whole time to the business Spore mo
ment* may be profitably employed also A. few
1009 Main St., Richmond, Va. I ^W
he civil a including
of a in participa
on in a of he at a a a
tles, a he a
it a on a S Philip,
he fight in Mobil a a he
a of Fisher
I a he as conspicu
us for close it he
A he at Mississippi river fiarht
he as a by he Confederate
a ad a a a escaped
it injury, a a
he barbott from
no matter of how long standing, is pes--.
'ly^i^l^F^ rX'f l^i'
It is an Ointment, of which a small particle is applied to the
nostrils. Price, 60c. Sold by drugKists or senttoymall.
Address, E. T. HAZELTINK, Warren, Pa.
are those put up by
Who are thelargest Seedsmen in the wodd,^
D. M. FERRY & Co's
Illustrated, and Priced
for 1890 will be mailed FREE to all ap- 1
phcaots, and to last season's customers.
It is better than erer. Every penor
using Garden, FUwtr *r Field
Seeds shouldsend for it. Address
D.M.PERRY A CO.
sayetna I doenotmesreturn
a merely to fbasBi
ls«jrcur»Ido»otB»e«n merely to atop
atus and then hir them acaliL.stop
KP8Y or FALLLSG 8IOKRE88 a life-looc rta».
warrant myremedytoour* theworstoases,
othersh&re failedisnoreason for not now
BALDNESS positively prevented and
cured by using NOBALD, the newly
discovered remedy. $1. per bottle. Sent 6fiMinftahnto»£6dy7 GfroTSSreeTand
Sendatonce for a treatiseand
—«t productive and yield largest
CpCC Beautiful catalogu with W0
I mailed to any address noon
most productive and yield largest crops.eer
—""nlcatalogue with N
to any address upon appiJeasJcsa,
8 packets choice flower seeds, 10'eentsT
C^% A ^S
St by her us fire.
S he as he flagship he sotradromv.
at further up he river andf*
received he surrender of a
a Natchez A Fisher*
led he first line of vessels in th©
second a successful a a a ho*
he earlier a ad a
a me smaller
N he he fate of a a
relic of he war a
he still re a
a a a remain.-~XefW.