Newspaper Page Text
^'Tariff Reformers" Who Knew What
They Wanted and Why They
labor-Owning Free§^ Traders
"Talked Like Dutch Uncles"
The following extracts are taken -from
advance sheets of a little work soon to be
i«saed by the Ben Fran Klin Publishing
^Jonipanv, 900 street. Washington D. C,
entitled "The Tariff Riddle: A Key There
to in an Old Debate," by "Welker Given.
formerly of the Iowa State Register and
later ot the editorial staff of the Chicago
Tribune. This liitln work treats the matter
from anew standpoint and poors a flood of
.light on the tariff question.
Nothing can be learned from the tariff
Jbr-revenue-only speeches and documents
•put forth at present. They are intended for
-effect merely—to hide and obscure and not
to state the real doctrine of free trade.
To get at the truth thinking men musfcgo
back and consult the Democratic fathers—
the plain-speaking old Southern Bourbons
•ot Jackson time who had the courage of
their eonvictions and 3aid just what they
The tariff reformers to listen to are the
blunt old fashioned Democrats who talked
.right out in meeting and expressed them
selves in a way that le.t xiothing to be
A HIGH DEMOCRATIC FRKK TRADE ACTHOIUTY
First and foremost was the Hon. George
McDuffie, Chairman of the "Ways and
Means Committee ol the House in 1832,
and the leaders on the Democratic side.
He is quoted with unusual fullness, not
-only on account of ability and frankness
bat because of his position a« leader ot his
party in the popular branch of Congress,
llepiying to Davis, of Massachusetts, who
had, asked whether it was expected that
Northern white labor would compete with
black slave labor on equal terms the Dem
ocratic leader gave an answer not lacking
Sn honesty or candor. "Let me tell the
entleman once for all," thundered Me
in his great free trade speech sum
ming up and clo«mg the debate on the
Democratic side, "that I utterly disclaim
his right to make any inquiry or question
*s to the description of labor employed in
the Southern States and to assure him that
i" God gives the people of the South the
spirit of his ancestors and mine he will be
ioliged to compete with just such labor as
they choose to emplov and upon terms,
too, ot perfect equality."
WAGES HERE OUGHT TO BE THE SAME AS IN
General McDuffie was a perfectly consist
ent ad\ocate of a tariff revenue.only. He
didn't make the slightest concealment of
his desire to cheapen labor. Replying
further to the Northern champions ot pro
tection he said:
"I will now tell the gentleman from
Massachusetts, if he will pardon the liberty,
what is the natural price of the manufac
turing labor of the Northern States esti
mated in money. It is precisely the same
as the manufacturing labor of England and
isot a cent more.
"KXTRAVAGA NT WAGES" IX THE JORTHEKX
Gen. McDuffie did not demand the entire
repeal of the tariff' but said he ^vould be
satisfied if it was brought down to the basis
of revenue only. Answering the claim
that this would compel Northern lactones
and workshops to close, lie said.
'•The peop of the North will continue
to manufacture if the duties arc entirely le
pealed. The only difference would be that
they would have to curtail their enormous
profits and reduce the extravagant wages
of their labor and sell their manufactures
XuABOE A DANGEROUS ELEMENT, "BLEACHED
Alter the close of the session of Congress
•and the defeat of his bill to make a hori
zontal cut ot the tariff to 12£ per cent., Gen.
McDuffie returned to his home in South
Carolina and in a speech he warned his
-otistituents to prepare for a contest with
*he North, told them that the Northern
people were declaring openly and boldly
thai "the tree labor of the North must not,
shall not, be degraded to the same footing
•wiUt the slave labor of the South." Short
alter this Gen. McDuffie was elected
"Governor of his State and in his message to
the Legislature he declared, the laboring
population, "bleached or unbleached, a
dangerous element in the body politic."
XOK1IIERN WHITE LABOR WANTED CHEAPER
THAN SOUTHERN BLACK.
McDuffie was strongly backed by his
"Democratic associates in his attack on pro
tected Northern labor in the debate in Con
gress. Lewis of Alabama, who ranked as
*me of the heavy weights of the House, said
lie opposed the tariff because it forced
wav^es up to an unnaturally high point in
"the North Declaring that "the average
price ot labor in the Southern States is not
more than twenty-five cents a day," while
in the North "the average price "of labor is
at this, time 1832 fifty centa a day." Mr.
Lcwi« added- "But for the operation of the
tariff laws enhancing the price ot North
ern labor the state of things would have
been completely the reverse of what it now
is, and a day's labor in the cotton field
would have commanded two days of North
ern manufacturing labor."
This opinion, it must be remembered,
was not that ot a protectionist, but ot a free
•trader and a tariff smasher. As Mr. Lewis
plainly and emphatically said, he wanted
a low tariff to bring down Northern wages
and make white labor worth less than
WORKINGMEN NOT FIT TO VOTH.
Ill "The Tariff Riddle," the debate of
"32 is compared" and contrasted with anoth
er which took place just before the out
break ot the Rebellion. At this time Gen.
M. B. H. Garnett, of Virginia, was one of
the stongest advotatesofa tariff for rev
enue only, and he did not hesitate to dis
play his hostility to the protected labor of
the North. Said Gen. Garnett.
"In populous communities, where all are
of the same race and universal suffrage and
apportionment on mere numbers prevail
the Democracy necessarily becomes a gov
ernment, or rather a despotis-m of the num
erical majority. There are many T\1IO
labor severely lor their daily subsistence to
•devote much attention to political affairs,
or to acquire that training which is neces
sary to ireemen for an intelligent judge
ment of the issues of the day. Many votes
are controlled in great part by patronage
.aud money directly or iljx^rectly used."
J9EJIOCRA1IC PL4N TO j|JjCK CAPITAL AND
LABOR WORK IN E A W HARMONY.
The opinion that manual laborers were
unfit to take part in politicb and that such
matters should be reserved for gentlemen
tit leisure, was held by that other strong
Demociatic tariff reformer and anti-protec
tionist, the Hon. Daniel C. De Jarnette, of
Virginia. Pointing out that the Southern
-•Confederacy would be established on a free
trade basis he proceeded to dilate as fol
lows on its advantages over the North,
where protected Jabor was saucy and inde
"At the South our next new republic will
have no such element of discord. Capital
there owm all labor from which, its nature
lowers, the man as-to make him unfit f'oi
MK'iety and self-government. Thus capital
$B$il -and labor in our new republic will work in
|M%r beautiful harmony, and it is thus that
JsP^ African s-lavery inrnishes the only ba.is
i&/j -upon which Republican liberty can*be pre
Wih*, Reviewing the debates from which the
torvgoing extracts are taken, and giving
reieience-* to \olume and page, the author
o. "The Tariff Riddle" quotes the luminous
SSSESaffWSMtft- *T5k3? ^Suffer* vf™Kt AHWiSBK
In "The Tariff' Riddle" are chapters on
"Open Hostility to Labor," "Capital States
vs. Labor States." "Another Irrepressible
Conflict." "The Planters Against the Farm
ers," "Which Shall Be Free—Trade or
Price, 25 cent« single chapters, 5 cents.
Address Ben Franklin Pub. Co., 900
street, Washington, D. C.^
^f, ^REPUBLICAN ECONOMY,
Thousand Save by Retrenchment
tn the Revenue Service,
Cheapness in the puplic service is not
by auy means a sure test of excellence
economy at the expense of efficiency is ex
travaaauce. But administrative officera
who reduce expenses, and at the same time
improve the serviee, are certainly entitled
In the collection of internal revenues,
for the first time under the existing laws,
the cost was in 1890 reduced below 3 per
cent. During the four years from 1885. to
1889, inclusive, the average cost of collec
tion was 3 5-10 per cent., while for the years
1889, 1891 the average cost was 2.96 per
In the four years first above named the
total increase of collections of internal rev
enue over the previous four years was $18.
000,000, or at the rate of $4 500,000 per
annum, while during the two years 1890
and 1891 the increase was $15,000,000 over
the two years preceding, or at a rate of $7,
500,000 per annum, notwithstanding there
were cut off in 1891 $3,000,000 by reduction
in tobacco taxes.
In 1888 to collect $117,000,000 co*t $4,300,
000, while in 1891 to collect $29,000,000 more
cost $90,000 less. Nor are these figures in
the Internal Revenue Bureau exceptional.
The customs, the Bureau Printing and
Engraving—in short, all the branches of
the Treasury showsimilar reductions of ex«
penses, with no diminution of efficiency.
HE BIDS YOU BE O HOPE.
A Word of Good Cheer for Repubfl
cans From Jame G. Blaine.
I cannot refrain from sending a word of
good cheer on the prospects of the Republi
can party. On all leading measures relat
ing to the industrial and financial interests
of the people, we are strong and growing
stronger. On the contrary, our opponents
are weak and growing weaker. They are
divided we are united. It we do notjwin it
is our own fault. We will be justly censur
able if, with such great measures involved,
every Republican does not leel that he is
appealed to personally and that victory in
the election depends on him.—James G.
Blaine, February 22. 1892.
HIT 'EM AGAIN.
A Hot Shot From the Pacific Slope at
the Democratic Congress.
It is probable that Oregon and the North
wot generally will like this parsimonious,
cheese-paring, humbug-economy Congress
a good deal less than they liked the bil
lion-dollar Congress that has been the sub
ject of so much Democratic objugation. By
the way, there would have been no billion
dollar Congress had it not been for the ton
billion-dohar Democratic rebellion. The
annual charge? on account of that rebellion
still exceed two hundred million a year.—
The Tariff on American Flags.
Here -is something characteristically
Democratic. The Fort Madison Democrat
says, and the Democratic Leader at Des
Moines quotes it approvingly:
"The tax on bunting is 10 cents pet
square yard and in addition thereto 35 pei
cent ad valorem. Now who of our congress
men will immortalize his name and gam
the applause of every patriot by introduc
ing a bill in congress to take off this tax on
patriotism by putting bunting on the free
list? It will pass, if once introduced, as we
verily believe any man who would vote
against it would be branded as a traitor by
three-fourths at least of all our people.
Putting bunting on the free list will have
the same effect in reducing the price ol
flags as putting sugar on the free list had in
reducing the price of sugar. When this i«
done we shall keep a flag constantly flying
from a flag staff'on the top of the Democrat
office and shall use all the influence we can
to have one flying over all public buildings,
including school houses, whenever such
buildings are open and occupied."
and unanswerable reply made to them by I A |_| /TkCJTJTfTl A"T
Lincoln. The comparison is then carried A Ji lH)J7j«
further along, and an analysis of the rev
enue reform* arguments on the Mills and
McKinley bills is madts to show .that they
are identical with those of 1832, the only
difference being that the Democratic
fathers spoke out 'boldly and frankly,
while the degenerate tariff reformers of the
present day dare not tell the whole truth.
It is, therefore of the utmost importance to
go back to the men who did dare to tell it.
That is, here is a Democratic outcry be
cause the flag of the United States is made
in the United States and by American
hands. These Democrats want the flag
made abroad by English hands. That is
the way it always was under Democratic
rule every paititle of bunting was made in
Europe and we could not make an Ameri
can flag unless it pleased England to let u«
have the goods. The Republicans changed
all tfiat. Every American flag is novs
made of American goods by American
hands. The Fort Madison Democrat and
the Leader want that changed and
pining to go back under the flag of Eng
land. What an unaccountable creature a
Democrat is. He seems to be the deadly
enemy of his own country.—Keokuk Gate
A tariff picture in the New York Press
(Rep.) touching upon reciprocity is worth
Democrats say "reciprocity is a Repub
lican humbug.""Let us see how the "hum
bug" works. In January, 1891 the United
States sold to Cuba, 9.234 sacks of flour.
In January, 1892, the fir--t month ofrec
iprocity in flour under the McKinley act
we sold Cuba 07,478 sacks.
The Democratic party will itself claim the
credit lor leciprocity one of these days.
Twenty-five pounds of granulated sugai
for one dollai is one of the haidebt araii
ments that the Democrats will be compelled
to meet in the coming campaign.
BRAVE CAPT. AYLMER.
He Won the Victoria Cross After'a
Capt. Aylmer has received the Vic
toria cross for gallant conduct during
the revolt of the hill men India, and
this is how he won it. When the out
er wall of Fort Nilt had been gained, a
sort of courtyard had to be crossed
in the midst of a galling fire, and then
the gun-cotton had to be placed undei
the very muzzles of the enemy's guns
The operation was performed how
ever, without injury to either Capt
Aylmer or the gallant native .sappet
who assisted him, but in the scrim
mage which ensued upon the blowing
in of the gates the former had his
thumb broken by a stone and was
wounded in the leg and hand. Never
theless, .he fought bravely on, firing
no fewer than 19 shots from his re
volver before he allowed himself to
carried from the scene of action. Jn
spired probably by his example, th
native troops fought like Trojans or
the occasion, and several of them art
to be recommended for the Distin
gmshed Service order, which, is the na*
tive equivalent to the Victoria cross
A Blaze at Aslilarifl Wlhcli Is
Almost The Funeral Pyre
Burglars Piek Up Much Boodle
^m a Leisurely Way at Bie&.s
ASHLAND, Wis., Special Telegram, March
4.—Shortly after 2 o'clock this afternoon
fire was discovered in the basement of the
new Rhinehart hospital, and for a time ter
ror reigned supreme. About thirty pa
tients were under treatment at the hos
pital, and willing hauds immediately be
gan to carry out those unable to make their
own escape, and they were le!t at neighbor
ing houses. The patients were kept under
control, and but one attempted any overt
act. One man jumped from the second
story, but, as the ground was very so't, did
himself no injury beyond a shaking up.
The building immediately filled with
smoke, and it was with the greatest diffi
culty that all the patients were saved lrom
suffocation. The liremen were compe ied
to get to the rooms on their hands and
knees, and when they returned many were
nearly stifled. The shock to a few of the
patients may result in a set-back in their
condition. The excellent work of the fire
deparment probably averted a serious ca
tastrophe. The fire was confined eutirelv
within the basement and first floor. The
damage is considerable, partially covered
The Decomposed Body of a Murdered
«. Hilit Foaml an Attic. ".
CHICAGO, April 4.—What is believed by
the police to have been a murder at 2301
Wabash avenue was unearthed to-day. The
house is occupied by Mrs. Paine, who rents
furnished rooms. A few days ago she no
ticed a stench in the attic of the hoiwe,and
to-day it became so offensive that she re
ported the matter at the Cottage Grove
police station. Two officers went to the
house and forced open the attic, which had
been nailed up. The stench was ro
preat that it was difficult to enter
the room. The officers discovered a bun
dle lying in one corner. It was wrapped
up in a muslin cloth, which was covered
with blood stains. The bundle was un
wrapped and was ound to be the body of a
three- months old male child. Decomposi
tion had so far advanced that the lingers of
the dead infant were dropping off. and the
fiesh fell ironi the bones when the body
was moved. Across the abdomen of the
chiid was a gash four inches long, evident
ly inflicted with a knile. Mrs. Paine said
she did not know of any one who had
livea in the house during the past three
months who had given birth to a child, or
who would be interested in putting a child
out of the wav. The police have no doubt
tha' the child was murdered, and are now
looking lor the murderer.
XOT CAPri/KEJD YET.
Pennsylvania Moonshiners Very Elusive
SOMERSET, Pa.. April 4.—Sheriff Good and
his iiosse of twenty-five men, who have
been scouring the surrounding country for
the past thirty-six hours in search of the
moonshiners William C. Miller and Will
iam Pritts, who killed old man Herestet
ter, returned here to-night, being unable to
locate their men. llevenue Agent Culbert
son is expected to artive here soon and lit
out an expedition peculiarly fitted
for their capture. Sheriff Good
says it is impossible to capture
the moonshinera with a large body
of men. The out aws have many friends
in the mountains, and are so familiar with
the country that it is no trouble lor them
to find hiding places within a short distance
of their pursuers. It is learned to-night that
William C. Miller and Pritts intend to kill
voung Heresteti.tr. a nephew ot Jonathan
Herestetter, and the young Beals who wit
nessed the bloody crime. It the moon
shiners succeed in oarryingout their threat,
it is said they will then surrender to the
authorities. It ha3 come to light that there
are at least thirty illicit distilleries operat
ing in the mountains this and Fayette
county. '1 he moonshiners are organized in
a societj-called the "Frcundschalt."
An Iowa Man Accused of Murder
Ordered to Move.
ELDO&V Iowa, Special, April 4—Specula
is stul rife regarding the Mills mur
der. There is no apparent effort, however,
to ier-et out the authoi of the crime. The
grand jury adjourned without making
much, if aii3', inquiry into the tragedy.
And now comes the "White Caps" with
three warning fetters addressed to S. G.
Palmer, all in the same wording and hand
writing, though beaiing different signa
tures. The mitsive were suggestively em
bellished with drawings of skulls and cro^s
hones, daggers and rerolveis. Tney were
wordfd as iollows:
"S. G. Palmer: You black-hearted vil
lain—it you don't leave Dows. and keep
yourself separate and apart from it, you,
will be served as you served Bill Mills when
you murdered him with a club. Signed.
By order of "sender," "sender
^3Ir. Palmer was away at that time, going
the day Before to Ben wick to visit his
brother. He returned on Tnursday and
apprehends no trouble from the threat.
A Murderous Boy.
"'-"LIJTA, Ohio. April 4.—Some boys were
flying kites this afternoon, when a boy
named Saunders came up and took
Frank Finley's kite from him.
The boys were about ten years
old, and when Saunders started to
goawav with it. Frank ran after him.
When he had come up with Saunders, the
latter suddenly stopped and whipping out
a knife olunged it into Fmlsy's breast. The
blade, which was six inches' long, entered
the boy's lung, and Fmley fell dead in a
Proved a J*»»r IJeliance.
Et* PASO, Tex., April 4.—The suit of
Earnest Dale Owen, trustee, vs. the Presido
Mining Company et al.. invol vim a tract
of iand forty-five miles square, known ao
the Konquillo grant and valued at $G,0U0,
000, on apoition of which is located very
valuable mining property, was yesterday
decided agaiust the plaintiff-, who reded
on an alleged Mexican «rant issued in it32
and Claimed to have been confirmed by toe
congress oi Chihuahua in 1S84. The court
held that the a'calde had no ower to issue
such grant, ai.d the pretei ded decree was.a
AN BtFANT WIFE.
A Milwaukee Girl "ot Old Enough to
Secure a Divorce.
MILWAUKEE, April 4.—Pretty little Ida
Keeler at the aae of fourteen years has had
so much experience with matrimony that
she has applied to Judge Johnson in the
circuit court for a divorce. The defendant,
Ida's husband, was a soldier thirty years
ago. and is now nearly seventy years of age.
He wooed and won Ida in the fall of 1891,
and on if ov. 18 of that year they were mar
ried. They had not heen married long
when the veteran began to show signs of
intense jealousy. He objected because Mrs.
Keeler did not comport herself with the
dignity ot a mature married woman and
occasionally showed a fondness tor dolls
and blind man's buff. Mr. Keeler re
sorted to spanking as a means of
discipline, which he continued until
Jau. 6, when he made a ferocious attack
upon Mrs. Keeler and stabbed her. The
girl escaped, however, and since that time
has not lived with him. When Judge
Johnson read the paners in the case and
ascertained the ages o"t the parties to the
suit he paused and looked at the com
plainant. He thought the matter over a
ie*' moments and then announced that
Mrs. Keeler wasn't old enough to get a
divorce in his conrt, even she was a
matron by law. As a minor she was in
competent to bring suit. He accordingly
dismissed the complaint and ordered ibe
infant matrimonial prodigy to ensagea
guardian, through whom sue imght se
cure a uivorcc.
Soldier* at Fort sdieridan Complain
x.t 7 1-oudly of Foor Rations.
CHICAGO, April 4.—Saturday was the first
day ot the investigation of the mess hall at
Fort Sheridan. Col. Heyl, inspector gen
eral of the deparement ot the Missouri, be
gan the investigation yesterday under or
ders from Gen. Miles, and devoted the
greater part of the day to hearing com
plaints from the men. When he had pa
tiently listened for two hours to the same
story from each of forty men of bad and in
Btiflicient food, he became convinced that
there must be something wrong with the
management of the mess hall. Col. Heyl
set up a secret court, consisting of himself
and his stenographer, in Col. Croiton's pri
vate office. One by one the soldiers were
admitted, and each allowed to take as much
or little of the inspector's time
as he wished. The majcritv of
them were recruits. wlio hadthen
seen but a lew months' service. The com
plaints from these evidently did not greatly
impre?s the inspector, but when a grizzled
veteran who had seen twenty years of serv
ice in every part ot the United States stated
that the mess at Fort Sheridan was
worst he had ever seen, and not to be com
pared to a mess in the field in active serv
ice even, the inspector made special «ote of
his complaint, and it seemed to have great
weight with him. "I want to complain of
the quality and quantity ot the food served
in the mess hall." was "the almost invari
able preface io the statements made by each
complainant. "The iood is bad to begin
with. It is frequently but halt cooked, and
served so poorly that it is almost always
cold when it reaches the table. The scraps
which are left over are used in hash the
next day, and this is generally so strong
and redolent that it is impossible to eat it."
One private testified that all ne got for
supper one night was a dish ot apple sauce
and two biscuits. Another said that one
morning, a ter having been out all night,
all heieteived was bread and cheese and
coffee. Another sa'id he had been threat
ened witn court martial because he had
dared to ask that apiece ol bacon that had
been given to him be changed becanse it
was so fat he could not eat it. A non
commissioned officer brought a charge of
misappropriation of funds against the post
saloon. "I would like to know," lie said,
"what has become ot the profits ot the
'canteen?'" 'Ilie inspector could not tell
him, but promised to look into the inalter.
It is estimated that these profits would
aveiage $500 a month, and they should
have been divided among the compunies.
A MILLIONAIRE'S SEARCH
For the Body of His Son. Whose Death
SAX FRANCISCO, April 4—Daniel T.
Woodrow, a retired millionaire and iron
manufacturer of Cincinnati, has be
gun a search for the body of his
son, Henry C. Woodrow, who died
in the county hospital here in February.
The young man was sent to California for
his health and to break himself of the
liquor hubit. Jfe received liberal remit
tances fiom home, and one of the
men who helped him to spend the
money was Fireman Perry, employed
in the Call irma cable road engine house.
One night Woodrow was found in the en
gine house with his skull lractured.
Perry disappeared and though it
was known that Woodrow had re
ceived a considerable sum oi money the
day he "ore, none was found on him. No
investigation was made, and it is uncertain
whether the body was buried in potters
held or dissected by medical students.
A Seance With Hungarians.
HAZLETON, Pa April 4.—During1 a row
here this afternoon a party of Hungarians
beat and probably fatally cut Charles Seig
fned. Officers who pursued the Hungarians
came, up with them on the outskirts of the
town. The Hungarians paid no attention to
the command oi the officers to halt,
and Omoer Wallace fired three shots
at them. One of the bullets struck diaries
Shipfeo in the hand and the rest of the party
fled and escaped into the woods. A posse
organized to pursue them, but could not
"Walt Whitman'* Will.
CAMDEV, N. J., April 4.—The will of Walt
Whitman was read last night to his rela
tives and several friends. The exact terms
Oi the will could not be learned. It is
known, however, that he made his sister
executrix, allowed his housekeeper the Use
oi his house lor a vear and appointed Dr.
Buck Ontario. Can., and Horace foubcl
oi this city ii literary executors.
-Ur. FarJtIinrst's Worfc l$«»ars Fruit.
NEW YOEK April 4.—The saloons of this
city were tightlv closed to-day, and thirsty
New Yorkers had to rely on prohibition
drinks. The police issued an order Satur
day to all saloonkeepers that thev must
shut up or stand the consequences. The or
der solar as known, was strictly obeved.
This was the result of the grand jury "pre
sentment innnded upon the charges" made
by Dr. Parkhursi. S^S^S^S^^f^
Tor Torpedo Vessels. Wni fa
NAPLES April 4.—Secret trials of a liquid
combustible tu used by torpedo vessels
have recently been made at Spezzia.
and have been very succe sful.
The tunes were exposed to a
tower ul There was no smoke,
worked perfectly and the boil
ers required no icpairs. Officers declare
that one re«ult will be a radical change in
marine boilers and that the new rombusti
ble gives powerful motive force with great
economy in •'pace and weighu A depot is
building at Spezzia in which tu store the
Proceedings .p&the a a a a Ss^n
SATURDAY, MARCH 20.
No business was transacted in the senate
The attendance of members in the house
this morning was small. Among the
gentlemen present silver was the chief
subject of conversation.
The house proceeded nnder a special
order to the consideration of the pension
bills reported favorably from the committee
of the whole at the last Friday's night
session. Seventeen private pension bills
were passed, and then, at 2 o'clock, public
business was suspended and the colleagues
of the late Francis B. Spinola, ot New
York, proceeded to pay tributes of respect
to his memory.
'.JMOXDAY MARCH 28.
1 SKNATE. i^-W^-mm
Senate bill appropriating $100,000 fora
puplic building at Pierre, S. !., was plac
ed on the calendar.
Senator Gorman reintroduced his bill of
last congre-s, prohibiting Canadian rail
roads from doing bnsine-s in the United
States unless thev comply with the inter
state commerce act.
Senator McMillan introdneed a bill ap
propriating $100,000 toward the legitimate
expenses ,of entertaining the Grand Aimy
of the Republic at their 20th annual en
campment* in Washington city next
The house 'consumed the entire day in
considering bills reported from the com
mittee on the District of Columbia, several
of which were passed.
After the house had passed to the consid
eration of uninteresting routine business
Speaker Crisp announced that the commit
tee on rules would not deem it proper to
report a rule, preventing filibustering and
forcing a vote on the silver question.
This practically settle* the matter in the
TUESDAY, MARCH 20.
After two hours discussion in executive
se-sion to-day. the senate unanimously rat
ified the Bering sea arbitration treaty.
Mr Stewart gave notice that he would on
Monday next move to take up the senate
bill to proAide lor the free coinage ot gold
At the conclusion of Mr. Wolcott's ad
dress the resolution was agreed to, and
the senate,-on motion of Mr. Sher
man, pioceeded to executive business and
when the doors were reopened adjourned.
The tariff debate was today resumed in
the house oi representatives, "butthe discus
was rather nniiitere&ting after the ex
citing scenes that have been provoked by
the silver controversy during the past week.
On motion of Mr. Hull, oi Iowa, a senate
bill was passed, with a slight amendment,
to establish a port of delivery at De^ Moine«.
The house then went into committee ol the
whole on the tariff bill. Mi. Blount, of
Geoigia, in the chair
WEWXE^DAY, MARCH SO.
1 he senate todav considered further the
Indian appropuntion bill, the discu-sion
being on the subject of army office! being
assigned to the duties ol Indian agents.
Mr Hawley moved to amend bv adding
provi'O that whenever the pi evident
should be of the opinion that the good ol
the service requires it he may appoint a
Sena tor-elect It Q. Miles wa« introduced
into his new dignity today and his cicden
tials referred to the proper committee.
The free wool bill was the principal topic
of discussion in the house today
The lenort of the committee on merchant
marine and fisheries recommending the re
peal of the mail subsidy act was submitted
to the house by Mr. Enloe. It takes the
broad ground of dissent from the policy of
granting subsidies to j^ersons engaged in
any character of jmrsuits whatever, which
policy, it asserts, islobbery. in the teeth of
The house passed these bills: Extending
the Marquette, Mich., by the provisions of
the act lor the immediate transportation of
dutiable goods authorizing the construc
tion ofa bridge across the Missouri river at
THURSDAY, MARCH, 31
In the senate today Mr, Morgan offered a
series of resolutions instructing the com
mittee on finance to inquire and report as to
the effect of the silver act of 1890 on the
price ot silver bullion as to the issue of le
gal tender notes, etc., and instructing the
committee to report promptly on the mat
ter, inasmuch as great anxiety existed
ainonsr the industrial classes as to the causes
of the depression ot prices and the paraly
sis of the markets.
The resolution went over till to-morrow.
The Indian appropriation bill was taken
up and the vote was taken without further
discussion on the house provision for as
signment of army officers*to the duty of In
dian agents. The amendment recommend
ed by the committee on appropriations to
strike out the provision was defeated, yeas.
29: nays 34. So that the provision remains
incorporated in the bill.
The discussion of the free wool bill was
practically devoid of any particular feature
of interest. Geo. McKinley was a visitor on
the floor ot the house and was. an interest
ed listener to some of the speeches.
Less than a dozen members were present
when the house assembled at 8 o'clock and
went into the committee of the whole on
the wool bill. After speeches by Messrs.
Parrett, of Indiana. JMilliken, of Maine
Greenleaf. of New York, aud Pendleton, ol*
West Virginia, the house adjourned.
FRIDAY, APRI 1
Senator Mills, of Texas, fairly entered
upon his senatorial duties today, and ac
cejted the committee places vacated by the
retirement ol his predecessor, Chilton.
Mr. Hansborough offered an amendment
to the Indian appropriation bill ior a com
mission to negotiate with the Turtle
Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians in
North Dakota for the cession of the right
and in which they claim their lands.
Mr. Dawes moved to strike out of the bill
the provision ior the assignment of army
officers to the duties of Indian agents and
consented that the motion should go over
In the hduse Mr. Catchings from
the committee on rules, reported back the
resolution tor the appointment of a special
committee of spven members to investigate
the charges made against the census bu
Mr. Wilcox offered an amendment to put
the matter into the hands of the committee
on census which afterward was agreed to.
Bills were reported to the house provid
ing for the local 'government for the terri
tory of Utah, and ior the election of judges
pro teni in the territory of Oklahoma.
Representative Savers, ot Texas, reported
an urgency deficiency bill to the house. It
aggregates S952,.'J30, of which $450,000 is to
supply deficiencies in the appropriation for
the* collection ot customs revenues. For
the 11th census an appropriation ot $100,
000 is made.
It's a way so sure that the pro
prietors of Dr. Sage's Remedy
offer, in good faith, $500 for a
case of Catarrh which they can
If it's sure enough for them to
make the offer, it's sure enough
for you to make the trial.
They risk $500. What do you
To the admirer of fast horses life is in
very many cases little more than a span.
ONE CENT INVESTED a postal card ad
dressed to Hale Thomas* Co. Minneapolis. Minn
•willbringyou thenewspring catalogue oftlielead
ins dry goods house in the Northwest.
If all flesh is grass, Sarah Bernhardt
must have been raised during a drought.
When Baby was cick, we gave her Osstorla,
When shewas a Child, shecried forCastoria,
When she became Miss, she clung to Oastoria,
When shebad Children,shegavethemCastorift
A line ofcolonels ten miles long 13 to ba
a feature in Hill's Texas reception.
A Noted Battlefield.
Take up your atlas and find Paducah,
Kentucky. At this point the Ohio is join
ed by the Tenneosee River. Follow this
stream southward—and it is directly south
—across the states of Kentucky and Ten
nessee. You note on the way, instead ol
towns the names of numerous "landings."
Hardin is the last county be'ore you reach
the southern boundary of Tennessee. In
the western part of this county vou
note "Pittsburg Landing." A little "fur
ther s6uthwest "Shilohville." Both plac
es are now in country solitude, but thirty
years ago day before yesterday, there were
more than two hundred thousand men there
engaged in a de-perate battle that raged
for two^ days with varying fortunes. You
pass men on the street who had lor reveille
the rebel yell, as the confeds charged in the
dawn of the morning men who lay that
night nnder the river bank at the "land
ing," and men who marched with Buell to
reinforce Grant's army. Get them to tell
y^ou the story, and then go on a trip to the
field, taking the Burlington lrom St. Paul
or Minneapolis. For tickets, rates and in
formation address W. J. C. Kenyon, St.
Paul, Minn., Gen. Pass Agent.
—your Bufferings from' Catarrhs
That is, if you go about it in the1
There are plenty of wrong ways,1
that perhaps youVe found out.
They may relieve for a tarns, but
they don't cure.
"Worse yet, they may drive the
disease to the lungs. You can't
afford to experiment.
But there is a right way, and a
sure way, that does cure. Thou
sands of otherwise hopeless cases
have proved it. It's with Dr. Sage's
Catarrh Remedy. its mild,
soothing, cleansing and healing
properties, it permanently cures tho
worst chronic cases. Catarrhal
Headache, "Cold in the Head"—
everything catarrhal in its nature,
is cured as if by magic.
Both the method and results whe*
Syrup of Figs is taken it is pleasant
and refreshing to the taste, and act*
gently yet promptly on the Kidneys,
Liver and Bowels, cleanses the sys
tem effectually, dispels colds, head
aches and fevers and cures habitual
constipation. Syrup of Figs is the
only remedy of its kind ever pro
duced, pleasing to the taste and ac
ceptable to the stomach, prompt in
its action and truly beneficial in its
effects, prepared only from the most
healthy and agreeable substances, its
many excellent qualities commend it
to all and have made it the most
popular remedy known.
Syrup of Figs is for sale in 50a
and $1 bottles by all leading drug
gists. Any reliable druggist who
may not have it on hand will pro
cure it promptly for any one who
wishes to lay it not accept any
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
SAN FRAM&800, CAL.
IQUW1LLE. KY- *EW VOUL M.7.
with our fiunons WellS
LQOMIS & NYHAN,
I have a poniivaremedy for tha above disease hy its a I
aae thousandsof eases of the wont kind and of lonar
standing haTebeen.cnred. Indeed ao Strang iamj faith
*, VALUABLE TREATISE on this disease to any anf
'Uxmt who wiU send me then* JSx^resaaad P. O. addtsaa.
T. A. Slocum. SI. 183 Pearl 8t*» Ji. Y. 4