Newspaper Page Text
niOK Si MURRAY, Editors.
" Site fOFCn, sdjbiha. -ro.
A. J. PICKET'S, Publiaher.
BOWLING-GREEN, PIKE COUNTY, MO., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1845.
i iv :? I.' I?. I
"J m " I
Wednesday, February, 12, 1S45.
23- It is singular to observe -the
change which has come over the minds
of our opponents in regard to the con- (
struction of the constitution. We tale
as an example the Texas bill, which has
lately passed the lower house. We dis-
cover thatall wbooppos.it in Congress,
and the whole whig editorial corps
throughout the country,base their oppo-
fiition to it upon constitutional ground.
We are glad to see that they as a party,
begin to understand that there is sach
a thing as a constitution, and that it has
certain definite boundaries beyond -
which no one can safely pass. W hen-
ever the subject oi anncxauon ' " ;
... j ' I
tioned, theyieti us iiui
right to annex her to this government
For a moment, let us contrast the pres
ent position of the whig party in 1845,
and ten years preceeding. This very
party who are now making protestations
of love fjr the constitution, were the
party who hive ever been the advocates
of a great monied aristocracy the
would-be builders up of a mammoth
bank, whose power would ultimately
overshadow the very body which crea
ted it they have ever been the lriends
of an unjust and iniquitous tariff, which
is grinding the Southern population to
the dust to enrich the nabobs of the
North they have steadily contended,
and did actually consumate alaw, where
by the federal government might arro
gantly command state sovereignities to
do thus and so; the constitution was
broad enough to cover the distribution
act with thrm, and a portion of the par
ty have even advocated the doctrine of
assumption by the general government
of the debts f the states; this, though
wc believe to be confined to a small por- j
lion oi the party.
For the support of these various
plans, they rely upon two clauses to be
found in the constitution of the United
States, viz: regulating the currency and
that which the general welfare requires.
Now, if Congress have the right to pass
any law which the good of the country
may require, w e ask of what force is
the restraining clauses which may be
found iu that article!'' Where is the be
ginning and where the end of the
powers vested in Congress? There is
no doctrine more dangerous to the sal
vation of the country than this. If Con
gress may do any thing for the public
weal, w here docs federal power end,
and state-rights commence. In the lan
guage of oae of our most gifted states
man it is a "wilderness of powers tu
which fancy in her wildest flight can as
sign no definite boundary." Yet with
these wild and loose doctrines not vet
cold upon their lips, the whigs contend
that we have no right to add another
tar to the American galaxy that w e
violate the sacred constitution in admit
ting a new state and that when the
Southern breeze wafts to our ears the
wail oi our children groaning Letcalh
the iron heel of oppression, we must say
to them, suffer on, the general welfare
clause cannot protect you. Shame up
on such a cold-blooded and selfish doc
trine. But, fortunately, they can suit
their notions of the constitution to
the circumstances of their case, like the
shoe of Indian rubber, they can enlarge
or contract it at pleasure.
2 The Boston Pest is down "like a
thousand of brick" upon John P. Hale,
the recreant member of Congress from
New Hampshire. He closes bis re
marks in this language: 'We have no
fear that thu sterling Democracy of N.
Hampshire will be misled by such wil
ful perversions or shallow reasonings, as
we have exposed.
23" At tee expecUd. L. D. Slamm,
editor of the New York Plebean, is out
in the Madisonian disproving all connec
tion with the JkJVulty defalcation.
23" The Centenary church, of St.
Louis has resolved to take no part
in the schism of the northern and south-
em parties of the Methodist Episcopal I
. il '
r rom our exchange papers we gamer i miuu icnncs.cc;
the following particulars from Oregon. cni of the 30th ult. says:
aa publish them because every thing J "The President elect, James K. Polk,
connecled with itj H jn doubtless be in- and famnj left his residence in this
ereMi . , . place on Tuesday last for Washington,
A IR;s1ature C01rip0Serr. of nine per- j Col. J. Knox Walker- (the privaj.Sc-
f onS( ckctc(I by the peoC) hag been inirctary of the PresfcJ&.t) and several
An)0g lne act9 passed, we other of the President's friends will ae-
folwing. ' Any person who company him to the Federal city. A
. ,. . or - ar. large i.unler of the citizens of . old
officers of the territory are
' nnvrrnnT called the Executive
Commilteej a Supreme Judge and
L ;sIal;ve couci.
w ofT(uva Territory have been
s rf , v , . i
been sent 0Ilt by Uie cWh 0f Rome,
;antl a Methodist Episcopal church lately
j organized under the charge of the Rev.
I Mr. Gray.
Memorials are being extensively
circulatcd and signed in the State of er, a general row took place, and after
Michigan, for the annexation of the j his discharge he was escorted by a pro
Canidas to the United States. ! cession to Sand Lake.
Com. Elliott, suspended some
. . . .
lime since Irora duty, has been aeain re-
stored to command bv the Execctivc.
I ver, Mr. John Devil was joined in holy
23 Hubbard, the abolition incendia-1 matrimony tc Miss Elizabeth Shad, all
ry, commissioned by the Legislature of r Milton. He must have been marri
Massachusctts to see to the rights of ej jjefure a!lt December, for his impi
free persons of colour in the State of jlave ltcJl about fur some time, if not
Louisiana, has given it up in dispair and lCIiger.
and returned home. Not long since
one of the same stripe from the same: At Nashville (Tenn.) recently, the
State was expelled from South Carolina, keeper of a liquor shop caused two lit
This interference will soon become in-
5" N e never laugh so long or so
loud, as when we would conceal our
grief, says the proverb.
There are at the preent time, one
hundred and twenty towns in Massa-
chuselts destitute of a grog shop.
Over one million of books are now in
the Distriot School Libraries of New
York; 700,000 children are taught in
these schools, which is 50,000 more
than lust year.
The following nominations by the
President have been confirmed by the: T,,e New Yrk Horald of January
Se,,!,,e: 28, contained Bishop Or.derdonk's state-
John G. Cameron, '.o he receiver of menti in flllK A card from ,h pnb!ish-
pubhc moneys at Ednardswille, Illinois. , , of the Bishop, appears in the
Richard Dennis, to be register of the afternoon paper, of that day, announc-
land office at Greensburg, Louisiana. j ing lhe comluellcPmallt f a iul.
' Young I, eland." An IrUh woman . The Madisonian doubts whether Tex
near one of the railroad buildings in ' w m ,ccept tie Uouto proportion.
Pennsylvania recently increased her - -
husband's family by giving lirth to three' Shall the priests marry? is now a
hearty boys. The fortunate couple have que!'tion among the Catholics in Ger
r.ow seventeen children in all. and in many.
eldest is scarcely sixteen years of age.
Collector Van Ness of New York has
been so bothered with applications for
office as seriously to retard the trans
action of public business, and he has
been obliged to post up a notice warn
ing all office seekers to stay away for
one month at least.
The receipts on the canals of New
York for the season just closed reach
Bad. Author Tappan and other Pf.
York Abolitionists, are said to have is
sued a proclamation for a day of fasting,
because they say Texas is about to b
annexed to this Union.
They have taken five or six thousand
dollars' worth of bass in Rhode Island at
a single haul of the sein. At this rate
their waters will soon be depopulated.
The late fair of the Massachusetts !
Charitable Mechanic Acsociation was
visited by such numbers of receipts for
admittance exceeded $15,000.
American hemp now begius to vie in
quality, and very nearly in prices, with
that of Russia.
Texas can produce Cotton enough
to supply all the factories in Europe,
and produced more last year than the
United Stales did fifty years ago.
j iicruuy s rriai commenced on the
j29lh. Eight witnesses were examined.
TL - 1 t tT r..
Maun- end the President's neighbor'
.convened on the occasion to take their
affectionate leave of the man whom they,
altogether with their fellow-citizens of
'the Union, hnve selected as their Chief
! Magistrate Mr the next four years. The
J meeting and partings on the occasion
nresented nn hfiVclinir scene."
This notorious leader of the anti-renters
in New York has been released on
bail for $2,000. At the examination
before the Supreme Court Commission-
The Dv.il Married. This is no joke: . 1
ii r T t:i. ti I
u a viuuuorn incw in .union, reim.,
I on Christmas day, hy the Rev. Mr. Stoe-
lie brothers to drink raw whiskey for a
: trilling- wager, the conscience of which
: was the death of one, and the lupcrf.ic -
tion of the other, on ih spot.
A pair of boon has been manufactur-
ed in Columbia. S. C. to be presented
to Governor Tolk, and to b worn on ! Xeei theles, hard as the task is,
the day of his inauguration as President ! itr,tl is no '"if'S'ibillty in It. There
0t tho United States. Th.y ar to b,!1" continually occuir.I.g m social
everyway worthy of He august i cca-
sicn! "(io it, boo.'s.
The Legislature of Vermont have de -
termined that there shall be no more
militia training in that slate, ur.les in
case of insurrection or invasion.
. , c.
The Rev. Mr. Hewkley, rector of St.
Joh"' Church. Washington City, died
on Tfu"sday morning week.
An Agricultral College is about to be
established near Nashville, Tannessee,
designed to combine intellectual and
moral culture with phisical improve
There is n firm on Pearl street New
York, called uIoc.k & Keese," and
J another on Division street, known as
'Trouell & MorctHr."
Mt will rain yesterday," said one
Frenchman to another,-in English
uBe Gar, it snowed to-morrow," re
plied his companion, equally well
skilled in the language.
Still gently o'er me stealing," is
happily exemplified in the marriage
of Ezra A. Still, to Rebecca Steeling,
at Richmond Ohio.
A man named James Cresar. coin-
plained of his wife lately at Mobili.
who it seems dislikes him and keeps
out of his sight. He should alter his
name now, s'nee he ueverw.i her.
We once heard of a young lady
who said there were but two things
which, in looking back over her past
life, she rugretted; and one of
these was, that she didn't eat more
cake w hen her sister Fanny was mar
(& What tree is not known by its
fruit! Answer A boot free.
From Saturday Gazeit.
BT MRS. CATIURiNK HXflS-LD.
There is no worldly subject of
more importaure to a womi.n than
that of utarringe. By it she deter
mines her destiny for ibis hie, and ol
len for ihe one ' t j come. .Her ease
of mind depends on its happiness in
finitely mote than does that of the
man. if he finds himself incompati
bly matched, t!io husband may seek
relief in IjuirA-? ambition or other
sources of pleasure abroad; but her
home once made unhappy, the wile
bus no refuge lor her sorrowing heart.
Her griefs must be buried in her own
bosom. She must weep alone.
It is consequently ot peal impor
tance that a woman should seriously
consider the step she is about to take
before entering the married state.
fcjlie may be united to a very worthy
miin, and yet be unhappy, foi theie
is everything in tie fitness of. the
mutual Dispositions ot the married
pair; or she may pledge her faith to
one, who, though in outward appear
ance everything that could be wish
ed, has a c.iaiacterunwoi thy other
love. To guard .igainst such an e
vil, letjunes a serious and cui etulscru-
1 tiov in the selection ol a partner lor
To learn the character and dispo,
sition of a gcnilentan, we admit u r.o
easy task. A woman may have been
acquainted w ith hrr lover lor months,
and jet, really know very little a
boul his temper and general conduct.
The stronger sex possesses a great
advantage over ours, as society is
now constituted; for while a suitor
m iy cull upon the lady whenever he
is in the mood to be agreeable, she is
lo.rced to receive him, unless actually
I piiii:i(ril in sum, household occuoa
,n ll(,Illiltur how until she feels to
j entertain him. A genilsinan thus
j has the chance of always showing to
i'tie best advantage; &i tins increases
j :h- liifficulty n ihe part of the lady,
! ol h -arnini! his true disposition.
J wr!:.,-;, I.ke .-.Ow, that si.oW' from
i w! at poin tthe wind blows, reveal
! -.ic !ej of Uie acquaint;iI1Ce. A
j hasty word, a sudden frown, a peev-
ish look, a scornful toss oi the head.
lib! eifcl remarks on persons absent,
a tendency t decry everybody tu.
lhc-insel ves, disregard of the comfort
of others in trivial allairs, and numer
ous such indications w ill be seized on
by persons conversant with charac
ter as unerring signs of the disposi
tion ol the object f tiivir scrutiny;
and it is because parents are better
judges of the loice f these little
things, that they so often form a dit
Cerent, and generally more accurate
-stimat of the real character ol their
visitors th n their children do. On
the other hand, because women are
generally keener observe is than men,
our sex possesses considerable advan
t ige over the other sufficient, in
ileed, to counterbalance the privi
ege which gentlemen have of visit
ilng at their pleasure, to which we
have before alluded. Thus much
for temper. The character of a sui
tor may be left to be decided on bv
n father, hioiher or other male rela
tive, who have always superior
means ol obt aining in formation on
this point. We think it undeniable,
that very few marry unhappily, whoj
may not lay the blame of i: to them-,
se vcs. But how comes it, the rea
der wilt ask, that so many unions
are unhappy ? We answer, because
they are contracted befoie a sufri-!
cient knowledge of each other has
been obtained by the parties. And!
a fruitful cause of this ignorance is
the early age at which our sex gen
erally, in this country, enters into the
married state nn age so early that
th character is scarcely formed, and
the judgment too immature to decide
on the compatibility of the suitor, e
ven il the observation is practised e
nough to discover his disposition
mid character. Probably the aver
age age at which females marry in
ihe United States, is eighteen years.
Ii is ccrtuinly not beyond that.
There are many causes for this,
some of w hich, it is true, are irreme
diable. The beauty of American
women is greatest at ihntnge. Com
paratively very few remnin beautiful
at twenty-five; and it is tare, indeed,
to see a reallv handsome female at
forty- But when we speak thus, we
allude merely to what is called phys
ical beauty. There is aloveliness of
lace, distinct from that of feature a
loveliness which consists wholly in
expression, and which is the index
on the countenance of all the sweet
emotions ol the soul; and this loveli
ness is enduring. growing even bligh
ter wiili uge, and shining with a glo
rious lustre-. like a saintly halo, around
the face of a mother or wife in old
beauty unhappily is not The !icqnamfan(.e amidbt long be
, generally sought for by ffire enteri inIr , so(emn a
where it is. be sure that! ij.. . ... , , j
that wmch is
is, be sure that
the lover .s one of a hundred, tor he and ie mal d J
beauty of the soul, which tkall not Jn (j ,)ttast efhav.
complcdm Heaven. How much , Recol,,c,. mamogeis to en
is it to be regretted that man does not j,.r-f , lfv tp,. . .
,l- i r.i- i j . dure tor lite, rather and mother,
think more of this moral and mental j c-a.. . .
k ., . , , .. home ana lamilv, ore to be deserted
beauty, than ol that mere love mess , r, . . , ' . , V-
c r . i i . . , . lor the husband: you are to share his
offeaiure and complexion which is r . . .A; ,
all of the-oaithi arthlv and which
is too otten uccompuuied by vanity,
heartlessness, ill-temper and a selfuh
But after all the evil lies with our
sex." It bus become so much a mat-
terof cuise for girls to be married
at eighteen, that few care to pass
I . , ,
silly eagerness to securo a husband
Lc however, onr sex set their
faces against thete curly mariiages;
j.irul then the lover, who has been
' first attrac ed by a pretty lace, will
' be retained by an admiration of your
good qualities. This will be the or. -
, ly way to secure your happiness;
for, after all, unless you are loved for
, your qualities ot mind and heart, and
not for those of person, the affection
of your husband will wear away,
sooner or Inter. The little disconi
1 1 . . r -....t i .I- l.i. a r
I iim ia in irui iiic uic uitvuiufsui vid-
ter lalhng on a rock, which, however
hard, yields at last to constant attri
tion; and a beautiful w ife, with an ill
regulated mind, is certain to lose
her l.usbind's respect, even L afore
she loses his love.
Wo repeat, at eighteen fvv wo
men are competent to enter the mar
ried state. Their characters are gen
erally unformed; the first novelty oi
society has not worn oil", and they
are usually attracted by qualities ol
person and manner, rather than of
lieu r i una intellect. Let any wo-
man, who has lived beyond that age
look back, and call to mind the suit
of individuals she liked at sixteen,
and those she admired at twenty, and,
in nine cases i ut of ten, it will be
lotind that a radie-il change has come
over her notions on the subject, and
that what pleased at the earlier n-e
is positively distasteful at the latter
one. And yt how many women
marry from impressions formed at
sixteen! Happiness in unions aris
ing under such ciicumstanccs, comes
by chance, if it comes at all; and
even content in onlv acquired by
long nnd bitter schooling of ttie heart,
to adapt itself to its ill chosen lot.
At that e:rly ae the sieilinif quali
ties of the man are too often over
looked; a gilt bauble pleuscs, when
real ore is overlooked.
Il is so, too, with the other sex.
When fascinated by mere beauty of
face or person, a gentleman chooses
a girl ot eighteen rather than a ma
tured woman, lie runs a great risk,
through his own haste, of matching
himself to one unfitted for happiness.
It is a throw ll the dice whether she
makes a suitable pai trier or not.
Blinded by the glare of personal
charms, he has married her, ignorant
of or indifferent to her mind and
heart; and when he wakes to a knowl
edge of her character, he too ufteu
finds hej, not the perfect creature of
his romantic dreams, but the spoilt
child oflortune. And years of on
happiness to both ensue, until l.er
character has been coi rected by time.
Happy is it tor each if thai day conies
before all hope of mutual love has
faded from their hearts. Alas! fre
quently, ere such a period arrives, the
husband or wife, or both, have sought
for happiness in the world: and then
the domestic hearth is left desolate
until the grave closes the sad story.
But even admitting that there may
be some of our sex, fully competent
in mind and heart at this early age,
to assume the responsible duties of a
wife and mother, yet, the time allow
ed to form an acquaintance with a
loven is necessarily so short, in a
marriage formed at this period of life,
that there is little certainty of happi
ness. At nrost; the intimacy cou'd
not have extended for more than a
year or two. This, indeed,- would
be sufficient in most cases, if the judg
ment of the lady was matured t but,
at sixteen, how few can boast of this,
even if at eighteen they are so- fortu
nme .is to rrssess it!
We cannot hut think', then, that
enily unions are a fruitful cause of
urih-ippiness in the married life. If a
gentleman truly loves a girl he will
wait a year or two rather than lose
her, and no womnn will ever repent
niltino- him Irk ciili n nr.xknfiAn
'",lu"" '"""w ms .ooisteps, e-
ven if tl.ey lead you to distant lands:
I i in ;iiiiun, cirn in Ql.
grace you are to cling to him. Then,
how important that you should reallv
love him. and that your dispositions
: vwiitnuuu it
j vou fnter into ihe married state
; "thouchiiesslv nd imnrnnorl.
i f . I f . .vu
wpave vcur own doom of onhanDi-
nes. If you sow the storm, yeu
slnll reap the whirlwind.
Outrage;.. The same British pa
pers received by the Cambria, which
are s indignant at the exposure of
England's hvpucrisy, made by Mr.
Calhoun in his masterly letter to Mr.
King, are filled w iih accounts of the
horrid condition of the poorer classes
in that very philanthropic country.
All of these papers exclaim in concert,
that the American Secretary has dar
ed to question the sincerity, not of
the Biitish Government alone, but of
t the British people, by attributing the
Abolition zeal oi England to selfislt
and mercenary, instead of humane
considerations to cunning "political
designs for the future aggrandizement
of that nation, instead of motives of
pure and disinterested philanthropy.
Wei!, the sincerity of Bri ish philan
thropy is certair.ly more than doubt
ful. It is know n that England is ac
t vely engiged in the worst species
of slave trade at the present time;
that she hns about 100,000.000 slaves
in India; and that she is insensible to
sufferings of her own subjects at
i nome. V hilst professinr the creat
es! desire for the comfm t of our slave
population, she does nothing to re
move the distresses of her own peo
ple. The following description of
the present condition of the laboring
population in England, taken from a
Butisli paper, furnishes a practical
commentaiy on Bntih philanthropy
and sincerity: Rrporlrr.
'Such is the extreme starvation
poini to which they are reduced, that
their wives are to be .seen hedging
from door to door, or gathering the
disgusting offals that are to be met
with in the streets. Meat and wit
ter are a luxury which few can boast
of, and as for fire, whole houses aru
w ithout a spark. East week upward
of two hundred fresh men turned out
for wages,and there is every reason
to fear that, ere long, that number
will be frightfully increased. The
constant cry .of the men is, 'Are we
to die of starvation, or see our chil
dren fall before our faces from hun
ger, while plenty abounds in the
land!' The situation of the female
beggars is beyond all description
naked, shivering with cold, and faint
from hunger, they are parading the
streets, and imploring with tears and
supplications, assistance for them
selves and their famishing children."
The Rochester Democrat notices
the prevalence of the epidemic called
the black toncue, in that vicinity.
! Much alarm has been caused by "it.
The Emperor of Russsia has issu
ed adeciee for the loan of two mil
lions of roubles, for the construction
of the railway between Moscow and
A Minting Story The Milton
(S. C.) Chronicle, of the 15th, savs:
Turner Johnson, of Orange, was
shockingly murdered by liis daughter
(about 12 years of ajre) on the nicht
of the 6ih insL -Report says that
Johnson went home intoxicated;
found no one about but this little "irl
threatened to kill her if she did "not
kill him; laid himself down before tho
fire, whereupon- his daughter ap
proached him, axe in hand, and,- with
one blow, split his skull open. The
daughter has been committed to jail.
The "expenses occasioned by the suit
of Rhode Uand against Massachusetts,
were 472,76fi, "