Newspaper Page Text
Stgularly on every Mjmlay Maming
At Louisiana, Pike County. Mo.
. r. HURRA' Editor and Proprietor.
To the Saute and House of Representatives:
Gentle m ex Yo u i body tlie fourteenth
General Assembly elected since the forma
tion of our State Government meets again
to consult about the interests of the people.
Our constitution provides "that the Gov
ernor shall, from time to time, give to the
General Assembly information in relation
to the state of the government, and shall
recommend to their consideration such mea
sures as lie shall deem necessary and c-xpe-
J- ., I- -IT - I '.
aiem. in uisciiarjnnf; my duly under
"Uusiteu We Staxd Divided We Fall."
mm OF TUG BJNNER.
-i2 in advance; $2 TOrt t'-e end of the vchime
No man's puper will be discontinued uidcf the
same be pallor up to the time of itsdisioi.tinu-
rf ADVEItTlSLVS done very
j Al! letters on business must be post paid.
LOUISIANA, PIKE COUNTY, MISSOURI, MONDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1846. NO.
rrds to nnniove that stream, while the
country which is destitute of any navigation
is denied even the means of oiidgiii and
improving the rommon roads.
It has been urged Mat the counties would
not make toe best application of this fund:
H it w ere certain that they would do so
.then thashould be a conclusive argument
i. .. r .!:..t:i...: ... i
... t . ,-. in iai)r ui uie iiiMriuiiiion iiiv, oecause H
this provision, I shell n dice some matters'- . - ... -,. ,
.o It. i -.ii ii very certain the State will never make a
verr oncuy, wuicn ii win oi ron e nerrs-a- i- e i .- e .
;.. : i m -proper application ot it. Public fun Is are
rv 1 1 riiiiiin in 1 1 1 t t iifi.iii :i v viii r csc.nn - ? - . ...
Since the last meeting of tlie Legislature,
the State Government lias moved on in its
usual peaceable and quiet course. Un
laws have been generally respected and
but little resistance has been any wheie
made to their faithful execuli n. Every
pnper effort has been made to bring offen
ders to justice: and but few have thus far e
luded the vigilance of our officers, or es
caped the merited penalties of the law. Th
pecuniary engagements of the State, except
some delay with her own officers, havejbcci.
every wlu-ru promptly met and discharged.
An action was commenced, during the
last year, against one of the citizens of the
City of Jefferson, to recovi r a lot covered
by the New Madrid or De Lisle claim.
Several efforts were made to employ coun
sel to defend the suit, as required by an
act of the Legislature, passed in 1811, but
the defence was nit undertaken the fee
being deemed inadequate to the rcsponsi-
l:i:...i I: I f . . i . ...... i"
Ullllf l' lr ,.!. u:ci 111 ill.ui I itlltlliL, .liL . . ii
m-. J . . , r , .. cost and danicr
I III. 9111b IIM. v .".....-. , ...., a.
has been s
seldom propel ly aplied either by States or
the United States. They are finds to be
wasted. This has been proven by almost
if the l.egis at u re should repeal the dis
if they are suffered to fall and fasten in Ihe'viding a place for the redemption
eep channel, the U. States would not re-as the payment of the bonds. Sine
navuient of the bonds. Sii.n.. !,
. i . . . r - . . . " ... - . .... .
T" u,t',,, V'r less 11,8,1 "vey-nve or ftlty jectioii of the new constitution, however,
i:...i.sa.iu Uouar; ana ine oiare coma not ihe whole amount of the bonds issued under!
ior less man live or ten Uiousan.i. such is the act of the la,t legislature, has been of
the importance and necessity of attendm" fered mrsale as eitriit ner cents.. 5.i
to tins matter in time. Only that timber and. iud'Mi. fr
ij .in I., .J P P. . . -'"- ii"
any from the United gtates. Very few of
the arms received are fit for efficient ser
vice. The common gun smiths oi'our coun
try, with very inferior prep-rations and
machinery, make an article much mete ef
ficient and servirable t.iau the gi:ns rece
ived from the United States armories where
they should have the best mechanics and
i he very best machinery formakirg them.
Prepared as our ..armories ouel.t tc be. with
good machinery, good materials, and good
'j mechanics, an iuieiiorgun should never be
id'Strioiiteu. This subiect is important, and
wlucii is likely soon to fa.l should be remov- tin- h.nulh.Ura ti.o..i.nk:::.. :. . i
ed. Nor should the timber be deaded near tens now redeemable will be exchanged foi ,neri,s aton. To send our countrjinen
the banks. The ereen roots urolect the eihs. eseei.t s...all :.mn,...t to war with defective arms, is to send them
banks. Cleanir' farms to the water's ed?e l :it Jto the slaughter pel. to be butchered.
is ruinous to the farms and to the river The nart which the Stati tal, B , n, In tw0 years which has passed since the
The farm? are washed off, the river is wid- war now buim- war.) ht.. n..
ened, the water is dissipated, the bars are ment of the United States aad that of Mexi-
miiltiplied, and the channel filled up. 'co, and the action which it may be neces
Soine governments protect their lands and sary for tlie legislature to take on matters
tril.ution law, then tin proceeds of the lands people by the construction of diU-s and eotiner ted with l!mt ' .. ;il r. !..
ma. , A . - f I j . , " J - - WJ " v mr
rouM be apj I.e;i to the improvement of tnelevees. Ours might protect the river, and material fur a seperate inesjjge, at an earljl
Osage, Grand, White and t ie Current riv-it ie bottom lands, and the people to some stage t, the session. It may be proper ti
ers, and the southern swamps, in such a extent, by saving the timber along : he mar- j add here, that Missouri has shown herself
inner as t. be ot much serm-r to t .e scv- ci i ot the river. 1 hese matters are repect-Veadv and willing a...! .,r.....n ..-..Jor l,le crc"S"i 1
eral sections .f country in ihich llie mo- faily reeommwnded to the consideration of ry requisition foMronus, havintr sent one of! ' SU1)I,I'
me. Legislature. jthe tirt volunteer regiments to Texas, two
It is believed by some men in firmed on regiments and two extra battallicns to Santa
mr Mn.jfei, mai n.r live or ten iiiousaiiu r e, and Having raised a third re pment, one
i.uuiMui-Mi.i-3 iii me nssoiin river to ot the Iare.vt and best wliicl
meeting ot the last Legislature, a reascna
ble share of the blessings of a kind Provi
dence las been bestowed on our country,
fn the first, the ciops were generally good:
in the latter they have been more varied,
in some places being superabundant, in
others abundant and in ethers sl.oit, as the
rins h.ii pei ed to be more or less plentiful
jnr the drcugut great; but enough lias been
ney is applied. A.i extensive nnpr.ve
inent, however, of a erii.am-iit chaincter.
coilul be made with so suiiill a Mini divided
between so many objeets; u t such improve
ments as are best adpted to the condition
of the country, ami such as would answer
our wants and much to
We have a rich soil and a climate adapt
ed to the growth of many products, and with
...n.... ...,i r......ui.. ii .
hieli has lii'pnor..! r ... .
the north western comer of the State, comd ganised during the war.aiso for the Santal"1. ,T I b,.',,a,lt 'a"cs,s; .et
he rcillOViMl friilii trii rli:iiim l cn :i tn f..t L. .....J.'i: : i -
- -- - uv . a r lAiiruiiiwiia liie i ri'iiiiriu m i r.i nwinn - . ... .. .. .
mr purposes till an increase ol wealth and boats pass tree of obstructions of that char- f lotmeii, the two first fur Santa Fe horse-" ' ."V 5" Bnu Scn,al
populati..,, justified a larger ex emliture ac'er at all stages of water. Fiomthe lestmen; oneuf the extra battalions foot and the "te all our industry, care end econ
Mi:d other impro-.eni. nts, mir! t he made ii.f -rotation in mv possession, I am disprsed iothcr horse; and the last rciment for SaRta'm'' We not 8 ProsPerou 5,1,41 '""""g
with the proeeids ef the distiibuted lands, to concur in the above opinion, and would Fe, footmen. But nine companies of ,ilt.Peor,e tl,? Rreat ,nass arenot grow
if properly expended. Tlie improvement at least recommend the matter to the --on- last regiment reached Fort Leavenworth l,ng,n wealt por acc"'n'at'Smany ' f Jhe
-f these liv is would be of creat service sideration of the LeCislature. Several i lans the i.lac of r.n.levn... .U tl. . 'Comforts or even of the necessaries of life.
to the people iulerrsti d in iMmiiiishinir the f r r.-iiiovin.' the snaes have h.-n. sii.rit. .1 r.l..r..t l. n. V ,- n . 1 .-1 The causes oflthis want of i mspcnt, are
t " - - ---- v v. a ' .ill till II L 111 UC lliiltl rr-.l f I .
ol seiiduic tbrir produce l-v citizens of the Mate, some of uhicl.'nfT n...l l.onnr.-,Mv AlCr.i .:. jvanous. ine massoi usiiavenoiyeiiearn-
. . I - "J v, mm mi; ' . I T." a. 1 1 1 1 -
. s - i ( inniiirn r nw nani (ti m n rt k l 1 1 1 r n n cni.
t.iey would be called for if . JV. .,.. : ,. .n..i....-
II At . I .- 'CIIUIT, dllU nCUCI IIHIIICIiVlli3 UI IlllSUdUUII.
were needed in that direction, i . t.- . x.i i . .i u . i
. . . 'I wc do not oiiltiv ate the soil to the best ad-
1 llav ur..r.! . .
lit is a fact, which it is needless to dis-
suit no stands continued; and, a, il j,lOM "R f. wii;nR t" jr prmluceJ-V e,.,Zens ot the Mate, some of which off and bono
ves the title to much property which!1'; 'V' i,n." '". !'"S"'K -ack the in. r- may he eomaiun.cated to the Legislature if surance that
een sold by the St ite, it ...av' require!, 'ai,r,,ze re" "V --l.ai.ge. It would; p. .fee ed and presented during the session, more troops
?r attention from the Legislature. j, ,r."re,7t s,'n u'" aNo to,,,' S,a,p- '" "-'A" "r''"'ary S" K .at could be construct-; and they ties
J vnnlnrrp TIia npnnlr nt nmA ntlir conn
The Nort!rnbonnd ,rycaseS,i,l remains ;;- ,rcln
unsettled. Preston Mu.n.v, for whoe , e- ,. t!ie ri.v,.'Illle. of f... ! ......t has one of a draught surtli-nHv light BentV Fort, ,1 firstof K Z ;"h,rlMlir ' ufr'norh
fence against the charge of exere.smg he,, ,f:()st ,, ,..,.st f r tll. ,.. Su.,7 a l(,at s!lo-lU"bt.'l!u. (i,rcos t'lfI J c J 1 n XV ' l-roduCons with the
du ies of his otHcc of Micnff, over the .,s- f s.:,ie,ltrHlUt.rn ,,..-,.,., at J,,, illie, , tIlc liv,.r 1o 0j,fr;ltt'stlmci, t. tate ,a Fc, Z lcLl t ru!cst rations for market and of
patcd temtory, au.ppropnat,,,: wns mane nc .,;iI ,.0T1:i(i,.,IIli;;!.t ,.;,,!, j.in;:rrf)HS a,, uiBcilU 1( i :ts a t;.v rgl.' tL service did , o" iC"rt 8tt!,e r,OWeSt Pr""s w,,c 0t f."
bythelast Legts at.ne was pardoned by, , j vJl somc $inaU .ia-lare discovered. The incrJed spe.d of fy the ' trouble, expense aid hazard of I,rt'Pa"t-'em forcoi.siirnptton ai.d re-sell to
the &o-ernor of Iowa, before coiiim to tri- , . , 1 ,. . . , .' 1 1 , ,- ,. ,, ,,., (,.',,. J ,. . ' . . us, and of course at the him.est prices. We
rpi . ir i tioii. jiniifiou-h ipiht-d. in maknir roads, In- e.siiN, the. &!;.ntige of being able to mr.rc hi!i troops crcss the plains at so latt i . i r.u .-'i r.i
al. rhe agreed case, provided for bv nn-l, ., i J , ' .v, , ? ,...,,.: ,i , i ..i.i.,; i r, ?-i ".-.i ' ' 1 ""make too mueh of the same articles, or of the
p., ' . . . - .anil torotsitr purposes. I -ie plan ot askini;, run at night, the additional katety for boat.', a season ot the vear. i - i , .t
other act f.f the sime session, between the i . ' . ,, '., ... . .?. i , - . . . . same class of an ices, ?uu i::us reduce the
.nil iiiiii t'i t'tii:, ui i ii.iiiii. mi iM.iic
State of Missouri and the Slat-,
as then supposed, ab.-ut t be ad
t'm Uai-in, tras never n.ide
of Iiw refusing t ) accept
tp.-tti Wiiic t; inirr -ss
into the U'iio'1, and tints f .i'in
herself to become a inrtv to the suit. Al
thslai? session. Congress pro ided lor tak
ing the case to the Supreme Court of tlie 1'
nitcJ .S'tates; but since t!ien, Iowa has adap
ted another Constitution, and be.'ore the
i.f .Hi;'Mimi ..i.nii"! i iit iiiiinniimiii oi j . il-ores'-Til ncr ii.i nrawn i:ic aiicmion1 . i !... .i . . . . i
ri-el.iim tin- si:bii;Tfii il Hurt nf t'l.it pnim- fiei 'lltS. would illSlifv Slleh an rxnrll- ' in ,r. v ni-rsntis fn tho ri.nriii.li.. nt' ' " ' . . J
t'-.e best which hr been diture. in.iiitarv svstem. This is found lo be n
iiry, is pru'i iiiiv t'-.e nest winch t:rs iieen ouure. in.iiitarv svstem. 1 his is iounJ lo be niter
io,............l l... il . ......... ....I .. I I I If o... ..,.. I-..-.. .!..., I !. I.. I Tl .. : .. ...u:.. r :
. . , in ! i - - i 1 1 hi i 'ii j.iii , iiiiii 1 1. 1 i -i- i ii i , -ii c t iiii iitiii iihiiiii iiiiii,,i, iit.ii. x in aiirm is :uijji'UI Ol n. . l-
cnuilitious i. ., ,,,.i,i j,. .... ii , . ,... . ,i ttr .... ..,,! , i... ,.i ,,i ii... i.., l . ..... '..'..I i t...i.... "... i : i i..... ' ...
I i . . i i. mi. -. ii l.Fini'.i.m i ill-- "-....... .... ... .... - ...... i:.".iiiitiili; iii uii.w(iiv, i.i.-i . - Villlll(ltlTII IU
.l'ril-1'll .' .I'llllll II.'I : . .. .. . ... I..
Liii..i -n it. 1 1 ii, , iin- nir-
comaud la our products; v.i ile we
briliir what is intended to be a Serious pi e-
last tu jears, thirty thousand paratiou f.r the defence of our country
procured twi nty from the every oltoit to discipline the militia of the
into utter contempt. Our militia
on t:se attention n f 'ini"-es in the s'tape t 'Meet
of a ini-morial. Sotilli (tiaiol l!ier. hint? nu' f-'i t..e
beyond the limits of our territory, is i;ii oh- thilh" were
jeet which cannot be improved bv the State. Ii' eh f t!ie Dank at Jackson, anl fifteen 1 State,
an I yet tin- iin rovement of I but r' .i i is iroin life Hrae!i at Palmyra- -the mother officers, many of whom have exerted them
' make ;i .:.o of another article, or class of ar
ticles, equally r.eci ssrry to supply our wc nts
and thus we create a market and a demand
lor those articles and enhance the prices.
I.; u.ii wav c-'tr system reduces the price
of all tliaL wc i !;. to sAl. and enhances
the price of all that we have to buy. Al-
lulalicn are e nEraeed
igs us but little wraith, and our Lt-ef and
moot rtur iiktir rtntil nlifn nr rnrrnrTofi in
i . . r .i ... a . . ..... i ....v t ...... . . i Am . . ... . m . : . . . t . . : . i . f : i i i-srs
ina,T.n u.e rcaiesc ,,; x..u-u . ..... .; k u.. ... -i v . s xo ,1S ... uce some son oi organua-J r;cuUur j in con9eqoence of
b.undary question can be settled, will T.b-r . . TV"-:" ..' " 1 1 I . n- 'ro.'. our ? wheat, hemp and tobacco
. .... .. . . ,.-i l.lt:i.'l ifll-TiiiL i"n ?ni'ii-i i iv mi iiuiii-.. w.v .... ............. ..... .... .v..... i.-dii i.,dii:ilir lilt niniit; ui'irii Uliuiltujm. t ;
Mhlv I in adinitteil iii-i t!u l.nliin. When In-'. .. . ' . i 1 ... 1.1 1 ... 1. .1 I J. . . . . , orillE
wa is admitted into the Ui.hm, tl.e I'nitei!
States mav no lonr:rbe a party to the cas-.
.l irt... . nid l..i-l..r.i ..-il l . - . . ...
tiu 111 1 j ... ' 11 . is found to be ol tie most uncertain eh;.r- heiu
f.iCMi.i.-niii?tiriin.ti.si.iriii.tT:;i.i. lis, r ... , 1 1 'fi - --. r ... . . . .. .v.... . v.
.. . ............. .... .. - --- , 11 one Congress makes an appro-: 11 rc enne irom taxes mr mcianuvii; his idle and useless, in lime Ot Peace,..,,...:, :.. ..1 .... ui, :. t,,!,....
farther legislation seems to be required on I s. Vl.r;i, .,. ,.. ,-aii a,.t ,v years amounted to :.330.7.V CO i ' or- to force men to nei form military dntv wl o 1 I ... L . !. .L .
. , . . . j . . 1 " . -it . - ilia iiuiat: ii.ai fce. our 1..1.11. &uv iMrtiiiii.n;-
it:-e lure the w:h k ol improeineni is 1 -inv ..inarv expene 01 uie oiaic e;ove.ninieni nr so ajratusi ineir ill. Mini men preit r
lion ol t mt.Tiw, is also r. coii.iih inU d. ,b rrow. I be bonds lor these sums h.ie'are well saished m the fact above stated, .ir i,-,.,c ,i ,r ...... i. ,.,
The :.cti-jii of the tJeneral (iminimi-nt oecn nnew-d, and other renew ..Is will i.e.md I r the honor and interest of the ir conn- than the bare expenses oiraisino them. 1 1 c
in ref rence to our larue na iu..h!e riveis, iiecess;.ry uniess means are provided lo pay , try, bat e regretted the existence of a sys-'.nr-.f .. ..... .n. J:.,.,!.,.
.... ... .... . .1.1111 Llll Ull II Ullli IIUI1I .W....CI. Vlllll'..
' r 1 ... : ..:. 1
I .... t a r ,t t . . i , 11 1 , .. . our orei"ii irauc 111 un.r :i 1.1 ies, iiou uis-
t-r!es . roves to be no u.arket at all to us,
par'.l) beesuse it is not at home. It costs
any serious preparation to di lend thnr -lbol , as cl J ollr products to Mas-
1 nii'jorttV .... ...itcncti 1nin In siPiul tltm til TiirrtriP
t'm siiSi tel. An aifretii ensi' b'tv-in i . ..r : r.
j t . . . . . . . il. t; n .11 k ii iiiii it t-f mi
two b'ales, as provided i. t.i- las. i.eisla-.;i M,.., atiOIN Hl hands ar;- st.T, the f-r the an-e perio.1 including the expense 'a farce, while 011 parade and under duty, to
mrc, may ut i:ie pr..p.-i ....-aru.t. ib iats are I...d up to rot, and the benehts ol ol I'fii.li.ig Hie Mate
In connJXion with Hie loie.omg sut.jeci,. . : r. ..in,.ts ,a1e are inainly lost fur - Ifi,K( amounted to il 17,-'7 1 7H. Tl.i.s country: and beinsr m-nerallv in
Il ...... I Ia n',.irA that :.!tli.illrr'i . . n. , . l: t . 1: -. . - . -' ' 11 5
...... -mj want ot eoiiil-ueil aueniion. 1 ne on- .o s an oioniary re .noe a-ioie oruoiary on Suen nccasint s, they not onlv reluse to' ,i : :, nfli., . ,1,1,i1;., .!. tPrn ,n,,
.iructiMis in the Missouri and Mississippi expehses of S2..J7S K-2. The bonus and j learn themselves, but prevent eten very fccVrlt.s voaU aw:1Vs be mainly supplied
are of two kinds the bars &. snags, li.e dividends from the Hank, for the same pen-; competent office! s from learning ethers by t-ir neighbor before cur produce coi Id
first are troublesome only in low water; and oil, wi re fJ!t.S17 il; and the interest upon: they nol only rt fuse to be subject to thecr-'gp., tK.mWe 't oi ly make less fc-rwant
the Mirs..uri, and perhaps the Misissippi t!.e SfHe bonds oiilstahding, i.ot i.-icludmg Cvi am! disi ip!ine i f the soldier, but they !of lnore skiHt but mav f MS 0fl(.n sell for
too, might he improved by dredging. njJ M'OO due the Jackson and I aliiijiajtl.u(hili.vol)' i'uiice and disregard of all 'r-,j,.ss or wat ,f more information; and the
the Missouri, he bars are generally .short,! branches, amounted to 1 U,t M), for the;(.er and discipline. And, although no good, sIirt;;vd speculators not unfrequently make
and are formed of li'd.t, loose sand, which: same peri.nl. Tl.i.: makes an excess of iii-j'.ut much harm, is the result ol f rcing. such ... sliar.tt. w,.,Vs.bv dealin in nurnio-
s nne excitement has prevailed amou-i tlie
citizens along t!i border, yet the friend
liest feeling seem t have existed between
the authorities of the State and Territory,
and a most anxious desire to have tlie rjin-s-tbn
of boundary amicably and speedily set
tled. The last Legislature passed a law dis
tributing the five hundred
of public land granted the
tlie several counties, share
I had serious objections to
found much difficulty in giving
tion; and being satrtfied that
ty of both branches of the
in favor of the bill, and not
that the veto power should be extended to
such a case, although it amounted to little
I I I i. . I ilirnel i.at Vtilo Itiimli it it Hut liwuliui ll'illh . m I a !.. Ji.Ii- .t.....
lll M w s wi 1. u . ....... . I 7 I ' lltr. Mi'll: T l Itnu ltflr Tllik L'l-C IP V IA P
thousand acrfS;TjiiB t- ni. ...i.i, afi, tiam!o;it. loadt-d the Hank to the State ol . 1 13.18:2 73. lUvtn alicavvtux unoi: that Piirt ot the comiim-L ..".! . "i ..-. ... ,i:.,...i...a
Mate, 'nngl t li,tc M.,W the depth of water, spends ordinary receipts and expendiiures lor the nity capable ol bearing aims. I.ach inaii-,Hr ..... 1K,- U tl at we sell almost
and SJiare alike. ., ,tr .rrri,r throii'.h one of these bars.inext two earc, and t:ie incwiue Iruiu the. subiect lo duty under our system, is reo.iil- . ...i . :fJ : .....i ..,..
l . I I . n.----n , ., i i.i . . .i .... I il.- -.. .. -ee.fc 111' c u: i:m viu iw 11151 nun in.
tins bill, uiol ,..,,..1.1 u.. ciHiW-ient for a boat nronerlv con- Hank, and the interest upon the Mate bonds, ed to muster four times uiiu..ai!v. Lstima-ii . .r.i u. r .... ..ri- ft..
.... 'c At -l ' i- r t 1 . iiiwcm llliv , ill. 11 uv.t(ic mil ui bus ifivti.s
it mj sane-1 . . .,. a channel, which, in mostfor the same period, miV not van tar Irom ling the value ol I. is labor at but lily cents ,-,.!Wk i... lt:li trt :,. ., ,'i
a large majori- ,.as,.s .H ,1 continue to iui,.roe till tl.eithe statenents for the last two ears. If ,.r day, this loss of time is equal to a tax ,1 ... ,!not i.io.l.ire. we
Legislature were , -, f. r:. (., K,, work of this rot, the extes of ordinary reenue,adddiol two di 1 ais per year upon every im.n'i. ... ... :. i.. ... ...i . i.;i. . r
being satisfied .i,i i. nennaneiit in the Missouiii'to tl e income from the Dank, vwl' tail to, capable f be .rinji arms; and where the ser- '11 .1... ." ..r ,....1 1.,. ..!, oi.o.l-
. till 4.1 ic inuiiis t'l wviw iiu' v 'x v un
yet there is probably no other river npon
which such a w.rk would tc so eahiiv per
more than the meie delay of a measure, a frill,.,i 1I(i at i:e ,.XIM.nse. compared
1 - -..i ; .r : a ....... . .. ,
oare majority oeing suincieiu 10 jias uj j , Vaiue.
measure over the velo, it was nnaiiy ap
If we rellect that hum reds
meet the interest upon the Slate bonds, forjxice
the next two years, by .3N,7031H. Tola rle
meet this sum, it will be necessalj to pro
vide for a permanent incjeaso ol the r. le-
i . 1 . 1 . 1 . .1 : . .. .
is ri-uoeicu rciiic.i.uii : 11 aiuounis 10 t.(j j jj
av loss hiith ti. hiinsi'if uml tt emiii.!..
- .... fv
Aiullierand a greater evil is, that
are i:.;.nv valuable ai tides, and nec
essary ones to supply the wants of life.
. . . . 1 1 1.1:.: - ti... it....L. 1 1 1. ... 1 . . 1
,.f I... .10 -.ri. utfiniieil lor hours on l ie s.iineiiiue. 111 u.iuiiioii in 11:1.1 !mi., .- '- -siieu inrii oiuv as .1 scuar'.1
bars and that all are heavily laden with rich I '-launs I mm tlie Mate '.ty,)UU, uie mosi c I .in.l as a matter ol ciou-
. . . I 1.. I.I 1 '.I I I I .1
better to require military duty of v l:u u wed.i not pretend to ptoduce at all,
'"""V"". : or else j ro 'uce but paitially. uithisc:ass
ser-- ice of
Since the adjournment of the Legislature, frej,,,t,, amJ hihuv passengers, and detained w'lich is interest paid upon the bunds sold to jthe balance, whenever they prefer it, should
I have been induced to e xamine this h-i.(t jj., Vy costs; and that one dredge at half raise capital for the Bank; and the branches be commutt d 1 a m ail lax. Let each
ject more attentively; and, although I would!'. ,.'XI)e,,Se of an ordinary boat, could re-Jut Jackson and Palmyra hold the bonds of: man who prefers it, join a volunteer entit
- . . . .v. . . .'. . 1 illlC TA inwi. J .. . . - . ..il
prefer a UiUeient disposition ol the l""rt!nove t,c obstruction, and let the steamers tie Mate lor ..l;.tlitJ as aimve siaieu mak
ing, in all, a deiiloi uu,i, ior uie pay
ment of which provision should be made.
Only three bonds of one thousand uoi
ars each, wen- sold under the act of the
and would now recommend a repeal of thel .:(i,I.i i... ..v,.nse. iniurv or delen
. . . . , 1 -.. .. r i'in".i ..." " j . .
Hi.f.ihntiitn I 'i 1 ir t'fi. I mn l..c .. t iuli.l ' . .- i .Til
u.n.i.uuv.u.. . j... . ..... u.u, ......... jjpn j(en WJ. can lorm some esumuii- u. ..r
with the measure than I was al the time, of
its adoption. It carries out fully the inten
tion of tlie grant, the lands being b tli
value of such a mode ol improvement.
The next obstructions are the snags, made
..r ii. ........ tri...a. w.iii heavy roots, which
mi in,, ti. ' 1.
granted and distributed for imrpos.-s of in- f. ,- ... u,..s.1 banks, and roll to the
ternal improvements. The roads, ridges,,(jce c,annel, and there settle and fasten in
causeways, levies, embankments and other t(j ad samj 'iiC number of these
works which may be constructed by t,e!sn.rt:, IS constantly increasing. A tripn
counties, may benefit more people, and may j " ) iver w;j glow thousands of trees
give additional value to more public laH,,st'w,jC, a heavy freeze in the winter and a
and more of that value, and may bring mor.?!glui(lei t)iaw itie spring, or ti e annual
public lands into market, than the appliea-;fl(MJij in tjie slnmer, will add to he sn.g
tion of thn five hundred thousand acies t!w,jc, already impede the navigation. So
any one, two or three of our large rivurs'tiat jf the river were ch ared of snagto
where nature has already done much for thci)norrow lt would be full again by the last
country; and where the best of the publiciof j . ' Thee one thousand trees could
lands have already been sold. It is not un- . ,1 rroin the banks of the river,
common, however, for that country wh'chjrool, an,j jjl, for one housand dollais,if
haibetn favored with a good "vigable rtin(jvctj bcjwrc they fall into the river; but
and scne re.'i.'arly in tl
en number ol ycai
ed. And let each
other cour.se, ps-.y his
l lor a nix -
mid then be disclr.i I o
nian, who pi. f.-rs tlie
small lax nni.ually,
. ... 1 . r ,
a: e iiu-v r -mis riiiii.ii.u luret: a lien s. ve
do not av. il ourelvs ef any of the advan
tages of the in pro ed ma-, hinerj of the age
of the labor sa ing macliim s as they arc
aj t'y e.illt-d of tl e ir. nej. ins. king machin
es as tl.ey inight he more apj ropriatcly
called. Ve !. pend on piysie.il hil . r, ilid
ri-ieet the -ni ir:or advunis-.iiis 1 f n cutal-
ve 1 ii-i iul eii brute nee, and rc-
au.i eel a nut exemption Horn muitaiv ser- i..;... 1 r -...J
' . ... .:. .. . . " il.l III 11 M lliillil ill ruin 1 ii ui:i
1 . . ' .1 . .1 ...t.. K.....I . ..: :.. .: 1- I ... il 1 . .
iasi legisiaiure, auiiiori.m ........... j n e 1:1 1. .- 01 pe.it-. i.e. im- iiionej iiiiin jecj jiu. a v:uit;"Tes of skill and science.
bearing a rale of interest not exc.edii.golltcled be applied to ti e stippoit, on- T, t.. ,isadv.":ta-e.s under wlirl. tha
eioht i.er cent, f ir the redemption of the cour.iuenr.t-nt and 'Msciplme - the volnn-' f. ;.,i;;, i-i,.. ...:..i,i
O I II- 1 O .I I ! 1 ' 1 1 . . HIIIM III Ulll I'KII UI'll IUUI.I.., Ililt-I,. IT . rill
ten per cent, bonds, redeemable 11. 181b and teer companies. Let U be expeii..ed inlbe ,d(1j ,0 a great extent: Ut, U uicoeriig
aftcr. With the proceeds of these bonds, I purchase ,.f colors, mi.s.eul insirum. nts.i.i.d , U.e c. mmou stleol; .1 by increasing
six five hundred collar ten per cent, bonds particularly m the instruction nl miikicii-ns, tjlC v?r, tv of our 1 r.isuitc- 3.1 .v eMb-
were redeemed. No other bonds were thn purchase ol books ol .Iisiip me and ti 1 ij.i.;. ...,, f f,,ri.-. nr. ,til, ,';,,..
sold because no offers were miuic to tdkel ,ws, run s r gulath s of tl ; in j for i aci ......1, ailj n.,. ;: i,i tlr. " .. n hm
them, which were then d.-tmed reaionablf, officer, and in the employ mtnt ol ale. v mm. ..., ,0IO, wouid'"i ie.vH- cornotmla-
f!lJl2 Midi Tikt- kHt. f sjll iwieoo .
.... ...... w. rM . , fl.,. 1 w.r f. n l.i.ct
. - '' " M till. S UM
and because it was be'ieved at that
uiiif 1 iwr'iii iirni nnii'i'iS HiHi inr nMt, r iiii. nncic t .1 . - .
1 I--' - .... . ..- . .... ... ..,1,11. Il niw I 1 li.r l i t..,it nHi-tn
that he new constitution would be adoptcd,!sutb as l ine and experience may prove ne- . ..... f,.r.:iLP ..,! . , ti, ;,, ,nrl.A
and that it would be advisable to inves: ajcess. ry. It is believed l! ;.t Mich a ?yst. in' of .. ,. , ., , , ,, .-, ' . . ,..
. k. U 1 ......I .1 - . -----
nee 111 all tt.eir. ucr-
tea-t int!.e vaiieiy of Mif
. . . . 1 1 ... I iii i, .1 .
portion of the school fund creaieu unuer mav wouiu oe miicn less expensM c inau me prts- l,,.,,cf,t 0f gki'! a, d S; i:
ii strument, m the redemption oi lesc sur.e Cnt one. and niiico moro cuicieni and use- nti,,ns. Ar. in
bonds. The act authorizing the sale of the ful
bonds was also deemed detective in not pro
, , . 1 uiiaits, w Gut J diminish the amount of Cfcia
Ve are entitled annually to a quota of,1 C.ntin ued on sconJpaa..1
:ream, 10 iiiiuk ustu .:nuuu m uir. puuucj