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; From the Western SUr.
T t .-
Mao is the rugged lofty Pe '
''That frowns on many wave beat shore;
Woman, the slender, graceful vine,
Whose curling tendrils twine
Affd deck its rough bark sweetly o'er.
Man is the rock whose tow'ring crest
' Nods o'er the mountain's barren side ;
WommV the soft and moss ,wt 'j
That lores to clasp its sterile breast, ..;
And wreath its brow in verdant pride.
Man is the cloud of coming storm,
' Dark as the raven's murky plume,
Save when the sunbeam, light and warm,
Of woman's soul, and woman's form,
Gleams brightly on the gathering gloom.
Yes, lovely sex! to you 'tis given,
To win our hearts with angel sway,
Blend with each wo a blissful leaven,
Change earth into an embryo heaven,
And sweetly smile our cares away.
Sept. 1848. Dardenre.
DR.- J. C. WELBOURN.
We hadJhe pleasure of hearing an ex
cellent speech from Dr. J. C. Welbourn,
Democratic Elector for this District, at
Palmyra, on Monday. ' The day being ex
tremely inclement, and no previous notice
having been .given, his audience conse
quently was small. . We can only regret
that there were not more present to listen
to the address, for a more forcible and effec
tive , one we have seldom heard. His re
narks concerning the Tariff, Sub-Treasu-
ry, &c, were clear, forcible and convincing:
and his presentation of the positions, merits,!
and qualifications of the Whig- end Demo
cratfcndrdate Were pointed and fel
icitous. The Doctor made, many decided
hits and happy allusions to the foibles of J
Whiggery; and his speech throughout,
gave the highest satisfaction to his friends
' '.' Hannibal Courier.
s A PAIR OF 'EM.
We understand that Mr. Anderson, the
whig Elector, in a speech at Palmyra last
week, said that ' Gen. Taylor was a whig
he was nothing else but a whig and that
it was because be believed him to be
whig that be supported him. Thereupon,
"Hoss" sAlIen,' who claims to have made
a convert of all . the whig party to his no-
party doctrine, immediately arose and beg'
ged leave to differ with bis Taylor coadju
W .'m mmm
tor. ne declared that Uen. Taylor was
not a Whig, and it was because he was
not Whig lie supported him !
What a beautiful, consistent, harmonious
gang these Taylorites are I lb.
In the 'battle Of Okeechohee, Col. Gen'
try white, gallantly, , leading the Missouri
Volunteers in advance, fell mortally wound--d.
He sent for Col. Zacharv Tavlor. and
aid to him, "I am about to die ; will you
grant me one ' request do my men
justice CoL Taylor replied, "I will sir;
Vuy have done thtir duty, and more too."
I la his official report of the battle, how
ever, Col. Taylor says the Missouri volun
teers "mostly broke." Col. Gentry fought
?t .Mttle or the thames and was abrave
'and' honorable man, .universally beloved.
Tke "ffonesf", CandidateiVf codv be
llow extracts from two of Gen. Taylor's let-!
yteri Its' samples of Rough and Ready con-
. JUittm Letter, . ZfcConkeu Letter. .
bate no conceal.: have laid it down
'taenia -I hoM o r as a principle not to
-pinions which I give my opinions up
? Would readir 'os the various qoes--Wciaimtomycoaa
ttoaa of policy 'now
trymen." at issue between the
political ; parties of
XT' ToT$u,fti$e 'du-j
tietef Ptesdeflte;,Umd States, the
cfatftsh&tmtl -aWft .samtf, more than mere
;itttary atta&aants he mutt It a staies-
-;vass 9,.; a ir.u 9 1: s.Z
Correspondence of the Baltimore Sun.
Buffalo, Sept I9th, 1848.
As we have passed with some degree of
quietness and leisure through the State of
New York, spending a day or so at the prin
cipal towns, we have had favorable oppor
tunity to study the operations of the sever
al platforms laid down by the several politi
cal parties. We are forced to the conclu
sion that a more dangerous faction has nev
er been worked into vitality in this republic
Unj that which now arrogates to itself the
tyle and title of -Tree sou, free speech
and free, men." This faction has been the
means of exciting the African race in this
region, so that now it is not safe for any
white man to speak against the Wilmot pro
viso, or in favor of the doctrines of the
Democratic- party.' For example, last even
ing three gentlemen were passing down
Seneca street, one of the principal thor
ough-fares of the city, conversing upon this
theme, when they' passed two negroes.
One of the negroes expressed himself of
fended by the language made use of by the
gentlemen conversing with his own com
panions ! Whereupon the negro whips out
a knife and inflicts several mortal wounds
upon the white man, from which he died al
most instantly. The free soil paper pub
lished here says: "Thus was an unoffend
ing, peaceable citizen murdered in the very
heart of our city." :
The assassin was found in bed, under
Whipple's Exchange, the headquarters of
the abolitionists; blood was traced on his
hands, and on a white jacket he had worn
He confessed the murder, and pointed out
the place where the knife might be found.
These free soil agitators and abolitionists
(for they are neither more nor less,) do not
yet begin to understand or appreciate , the
mine they .Lave begun to' prepare. , In
Rochester, a man, black as polished anthra
cite, was pointed out as the husband of a
beautifnl and educated whitt girl, an or
phan, who had been driven almost to mar
riage by her guardian, who is a hot-beaded
notorious . liberty man, or abolitionist.
When and where such manoeuvres will ter
minate, God only, in his infinite wisdom,
knows ! We are not of those who despair
of the Republic. But it is an abominable
thing indeed, that a spirit of revenge for
personal or political wrongs, should be per
milted in their gratification, to strike at the
very foundation of the social system, and
lead to unnatural strife and murder.
The whig party, as such, have as much
devotion to Mr. Clay at tl is moment as at
any period of his life; but it is their boast
that they prefer principle to men, and it
would have been an abandonment of their
principles if, at the assembling of the whig
national convention in June, they had not
placed the name of Zacharv Taylor before
the people as their standard bearer. JVew
Not men but principles the whig party
goes for, and so they nominate Gen. Tay
lor, who says
"1 have laid it down as a principle not to
give my opinions upon the various ques
tions of policy now at issue between the
political parties of the country."
It was the support of principles which
induced the whigs to desert the great "em
bodiment" and nominate a man who said he
"would not be the exponent of any party
principles," and "would not be the candid
aie of any party," and "would accept no
party doctrines as the rule of his action,"
and would "express no opinions on any po
litical subject," and "that the people must
take on their own responsibility," and "that
he would as soon accept a nomination from
the democrats as the whigs," and "that he
would only accept a nomination by the spon
taneouf and unanimous voice of the whole
people,", and "that he would look to the
constitution, - (which all ; Presidents are
sworn to do) and not to the views of either
of the great parties of the country, as his
guide" Boston Post.
SSul cannot consent to be the candid
ate of any party, say! Gen. Taylor, and
accepts the nominations of all parties.' "I
do not want a single lover."' says the co-
quette, and spreads bar neta.tor Wi.
"Umited We Stand Divided We. Fail;",
PIKE COUNTY, MISSOURI, MONDAY,
MR. RIVES' OPINION OF GEW. CASS.
In 1843, when Gen. Cass was the object
of bitter denunciation and assault, from
British editors and politicians,, because of
his timely and effective interference to pre
vent France from co-operating in the En
glish scheme to cripple the freedom of the
seas, Mr. Rives, now a leading . Whig, and
a Taylor electorial candidal in : Virginia,
penned one of the roost eulogistic vindica
tions of the American MintslfJ' that the
crisis called out. It was published in the
Washington Globe, of May 22, 1843, over
the siemiture of "Americsnus." In that
paper he pronounces Gen. pass "one of the
most able and conplished ministers and ju
rists of which anv country can boast;" andi
he adds: : ; .
"The value of his services to his own
country it were difficut to appreciate, even
by any approximate standard. Had the
quintuple treaty been consume ted by the
ratification of Fiance, (and that it teas not,
was owing especially &i Jhe timely and
spirited interposition of Xien. &,) we
have the authority of Lord Pelmerston, in
the late debate in the House of commons,
and of Lord Brougham, for saying. Great
Britain would have been so flushed with the
success of her projects, and so emboldened
in the pursuit of her long cherished aim
of undisputed supremacy on the ocean
that America would have had no alterna
tive but war or submission on the great
question of maritime rights, on which she
had staked her character and fortunes.
Submission is a word not found in the vo
cabulary of American patriotism. -War,
then, with the greatest maritime power of
the world, would have been inevitable
and with the alliance of all Europe secured
to her before hand, to back and sustain
her in the conflict. By the bold and skil
ful efforts of Gen. Cuss ta averting the rat
ification of the treaty, France was detach
ed from the menacing and formidable An-
glo European confederacy, and restored
to her natural and ancient relations of cor
dial co-operations with the United States
in defending the liberty of the seas.
This at once made England pause; and by
transferring to the side of the United States
the peaceful ally which had been detached
from her, enforced upon her councils the
necessity of peace with America."
We take the following from the Cleve
land Plaindealer, which contains an ac
count of a speech made by that notorious
whig, J. R. Giddings. It shows that Leslie
Combs is doing service in Ohio, pleding
Geneial Taylor for the Wilmot proviso :
"Giddinss, in this manner, was proceed'
ing, carrying every thii.g before him, demol
unine a ayiorum, rearing monuments iu iu
1 m 1 r . - .
memory, &c, when one of the members of
the Taylor Club pitched at him like a year!
ine bull at a brush fence. This was what
the old fox wanted. The young and fierce
assailant was F. J. Prentiss, Esq., a scion
of the Green Mountains, (oca native State)
and as ardent as the eternal snows on those
bleak hills could make him. Giddings had
asked if any Taylor man present could tell
what Gen. Taylors views were in reier
ence to the Wilmot proviso. Prentiss an
swered that he could. He had lately had
a private talk with one Leslie Combs, (a
Kentucky slaveholder.) and this Comb
(of liberty pole memory) had lately had a
private talk with General 1 ayiai, in wuicn
private talk Gen. Taylor had avowed his
opposition to the extension of slavery, and
was in favor of the Wilmot Proviso. That
was the nroof. Giddinss smiled a most tri
umphant grin, tit had bis victim entirety
. . . ... . 1
in biff power.".
Lorenzo Dow defined a death-bed re
pentance, to be burning out the candle of
life in the service 01 the aevii, ana mowing
the snuff in the Lords face.
Henrv Clav's Praiitr. "If, indeed, we
have incurred the divine displeasure, and
if it be necessary to chastise this people
with a rod of -vengeance, 1 would numhiy
prostrate myself before bint and implore
him in his mercy to visit oar favored land
with war. pestilence and famine, with any
scourage other than military rule, OB A
SIJSAf FOB MERE pIILITJlR Y BIjt-
OCTOBER 16, 1848, 'j NO. 27.
AT fEM BOTTS.
Mr. Botts has published another ; letter,
in which he says- - '. -
"My struggle has been for the people; I
have resisted the politicians, because I be
lieved they disregarded, the l opular will
I have fought for what I believed to be a
great principle; I looked upon this boasted
government of ours1 as a ' representative
government; and when I saw a nation of
people consisting of some twenty millions,!
nearly equally , divided,, in. .their, politica.
principles I thought one or the, other of tin
parties which might be able to obtain a ma
jority at the polls, was entitled lobe repre
sented in the Uhiei Magistrate of the na
tion; and when I saw a soldier from the
camp, whom all must acknowledge to be
without civil experience or practical knowl
edge, either in regard to our foreign or do
mestic relations, stepping forward as a can
didate for this high and responsible ogice,
I thought it but just and proper that the
people, in the language pf the Richmond
Whig, were entitled to know the opinions
of a candidate before they voted. I do
not subscribe to the doctrine laid down in
his McCon key letter, when he says:
have laid it down as a principle not to give
my opinions upon the various questions of
policy now at issue between . the political
parties of the country. . , . ,, ,:
The Richmond Whig is one of the press
es particularly ferocious against Gen. Cass.
No longer ago than 1842 it spoke of him as
"General Cass, than whom no puree, maii
breathes, (we hope this praise from us
may not be very injurious to bim) isumver
sally beloved for the purity of his private
and public character. His conduct as rep
resentative of our government at Paris has
been almost universally approved ; and - as
he is well known to be very little imbued
with the nartv spirit of the day. moderate
men of all politics have looked forward to
the possibility of his becoming tne success
ful candidate of a new organisation
The only fault of Gen. Cass now in the
eyes of the whigs is that he if too good
candidate of the democracy for President
GEN. CASS' CONSISTENCY.
How will the Whigs who pretend that
General Cass has only recently adopted
the views of the Nicholson letter in regard
to slavery, get over the following in his
celebrated pamphlet on the Quintuple trea
"It (slavery) can be safely left only to
those who are to be so seriously affected by
it; and there it is left by the constitution of
the United States. It is a matter with
which the general government has no con
Here is the identical principle of the
Nicholson letter, denying the authority of j
the General Government in any manner
over the subject of slavery, put forth es
early as 1842; and yet Whigs are endeav
oringto represent that the sentiments now
declared by our candidate have been only
recently adopted and are inconsistent witli
CAUSE OF THE FALL OF BABYLON
Babylon a remnant of the Assyrian em
pire, presents an other instance of the
Raneful efforts of intemperance. It, like
finevah, had grown rich, great, and pow
erful, while its inhabitants were temperate;
and when intemperance became rife, it
shared the fate of Ninevah. The very
night of its overthrow was one of general
debauchery; the king, with his satraps and
nobility, were drinking in the vessels
brought from the temple of Jerusalem.
The soldiery, and even the men on guard,
were wallowing in drunkenness; and thu
condition, were surprised and hewn down
by the Medes and Persians, who had for
somo time been besieging the city, and
having turned the course of the river, a
vailed themselves of its bed as 4 path, and
marched into the city beneath its mighty
gates. The King and his drunken com-
panions were 91am in uic nun 01 uietr
revelry: thus furnishing another memora
ble example to. posterity. Burens . 7Ve-
tootaler s Companion,
Amiable Simm-icut. The following is
from the Pittsburgh Chronicle : "A lady,
describing a ride in the cars, said she druv
up to the depot, and hardly got out of the
engine when aaotner railroad went past.".
: Smct. Scolding is the pepper of ma
trimonial life, ineiaoieiare toe 'pepper
boxes. , : .'' i . . . -. .- i-: , .- -.
Alittie icoldmtf , andheniX passioa we aarelUct,' but Wjerwerdiwhe
Is reUahed by. tha best of jnea.lthe waters have' sroM-orer the 'uO-1 K4
-- . .
we copy froa theYojce of Jacob r" - :
rue site ocoupiea oy tne 1 empie 01 so
omon wasiibrmerly a cultivated field, pos
sessed in common by two rothertV . yne-
of them, was married, and bad several cbu-,
dren; the other was oamarried. , .I&y lived.
together 10 the greatest harmoey possible,.,
cultivating the property they hadjiuhexitpd. . ..
from their father. - r 1
The harvest season had' arrived. Th
two brothers boons) np tp-sheaveijBader
two equal stacks of then, and left them on
the field. During the night the unmarried
brother .was struck twiUi, an . excellent
thought: 1 "Mybrother-iJht tohimselli'
"has a wife and 1 children .to? support; H it
just that my portion of the .harvest should
be as large as nisr ' upon uii no mose,
and took .from hJsetaek "several ..shesveeV
which be addfdji those of his brother; and
this he dicTwita M eiuch.se cresy ' at 'if hV
had been oefflsairUbg an- evil - Action, in oV
der that his offeriDgrmight hot be rejaetesLv
On the same niaht thp other brother awbksx",
and said to hie miey .yv brethe . Uves !
alone without a companion; he, has none t,
assist, him in bis labor, nor to reward hiav
for his toils,' while pod. has besAowedjipon'
me a wife and children, it is .(4-right that
we should take from, our common field a
many sheaves as he since' we have already
more than he nas-domestic happiness.'
f you consent, we shall, by adding secret-!
It a number of our sheaves to his staek by
way of, compensation, . and . without :biirr
knowledge, see his pvrtiou of , the harvest
increased. The project was' approved and
immediately put into execution. ' 1
' In the morning, each of the brothers went
into the field, and was ranch sarprised at
seeing the stacks still equal. During the
several successive nights the same contriv
ance was repeated on each side; for as eacn
Kepi aaulue o utm oruuiar sturc, iuo iiiut
always remameu ui iu. univuiuut,
both having stood' sentinel to divide the
cause of this miracle, they met, each beajN
ing the sheaves, mutually destined for the
other. It was thus all elucidated, and they
rushed into each other's arms, each grateful
to Heaven for having so good a brother. ,
Now, says the legend, the place where se
good an idea had simultaneously occurred
to the two brothers, and with so much, per
tinacity,must have been acceptable to God.
Men blessed it, and Isael chose it, there
to erect the house of the Lord..'"
How is it with Yoo? At a prayer meet
ing held in , the jchurch , in , the , village of
Spunktown, a week or two since, a country
lad was noticed by one of the elderly, dea
cons 10 noia aown air onu u wnggw w
his seat, while the tears seemed to start at
every moment, -U .-n J; ;:t
A clear .case of repentance, uiougut ue
old deacon, as he quietly stepped to the
side of the lad, and in a whisper he' affec
tionately inquired : 1 - 1 '
"How is it with you, ry soto ?': ?
The boy looked up, land supposing him
to be tlie sexton, answered, ,. , ; , .. v
"Oh! very bad, and I want to get out r
my inards is kicking up a revolution; iff
ever eat green currant pie agin, may every
tooth in my head acba on the 4th of Jury."
The boy left . . ilXT . -iA
. VAre a man and bis wife both one' ask
ed the wife of a certain red-eyed 'geatle-.
man who iu a state of stnpefacUon;1 was
holding his aching head with both hand.
"Yes, I suppose so," was the reply.) WeH,
said she, . "I came home drunk, last night,
and ought to be ashamed of myself' ,4 his
back-handed rebuke from a long suffering
but affectionate wife, effectually cured hua
of his brutish propensity. 1 ; "
A pleasant incident is related by the
Pittsburg Gazette. Three of the volunteers
just returned from Alexico, and , rather
j)Oor looking, . were passing inrougn. ue
market, and observing a countryman, with
some very fine looking apples to Sell, one
of them asked him the priced The vender
rather cooly replied 'I don't jell applet
to the like of yon.' . The indignant volun
teers drew themselves up,, and .demanded
the reason, asserting that they were - able
to pay1 for them. 4Idont sell apples to
returned volunteers,' replied the oechtry-
man, with a tear glistening in bis eye, and
Dlaciner his .broad band upon bil. breast,
'my heart warms towards them wherever I
see them I should be ashamed to tell
them apples take as many!as you-want.
ana may uod bless you wnerever you may
. 1 1. 1 . 1 1 . jj
go. 1 The, aengntea voivnwera cewera-ra
the countrymen by accepting of his apples,
and with delighted ' countenances' went on
their way. A warm and honest heart beat
in that man's bosom.' - Vi '
Prittt FAiR.-tJudgeThenusvof .Wet.
cester, Mass., being: unable, to; atteniithe
citisens celebration at Fitchburg, as
invited guest sent (he following toast :
' The only tolerable form M Slavery
That where- one woman holds captive
one man in which the victim nee bary
hugs his chain, bat the little tyrant that riv
Uit -.?;-,;: Jtii- fi&.?!
It is, not tn the tempest arid, atom $