Newspaper Page Text
-T-H EB A N -N E R.
IJONDAY - ....
- - -- OCT. 23
E-C. J. F HI7RHA1", Editors.
, , ; JflClSIJLNA. . MISSOURI. ,
i'ti Ifware not struck with Judicial blind-
Mi, v shall ding to tkit Cor it it ut ion at
the mariner dings to the last plank, when
night ana the tempest dose around htm.
Uwii Cam. : :-;:;.
i Gen. Lewis Cass, .
FOR VICE PRESIDENT,
Gen. Wn0." Butler,.
or KKaruCKT. ':
Electors for President and Vice President
1st Dutrict JOHN C WELBORN, of Pike.
2nd -, A. M'KINNEY, of Randolph.
3rd ' " "EE EWING, of Ray.
4th . i.G. DHALL, of Lafayette.
5th .; . B. F. MASSEY.or Lawrence.
6tn J1. H. RELFE, If Washington.
7th " TRUSTEN POLK, of St. Louis,
Are you ready?. Two weeks from to
morrow and you will be called on to mark
out, "at the ballot box," the policy of the
Republic of America for the next four
years perhaps for all time to come. To
contemplate the breadth and extent of the
influence that is and may be exerted in the
civilized world, by the successful admiuis
tration of the Model Republic, drives con
Taction to every heart that the elective
franchise in America is the most responsi
ble and sacred trust ever bequeathed by
nan to nan. When we reflect that a single
vote, or failing to give such vote, may
change the policy of governments and fate
Of nations, one scarcely deserves the name
of Republican who will lie supinely on his
back and suffer the change of administra
tions to go by default. We are now ap
proaching a novel and interesting era in
the history of our government. Hitherto
lections have been conducted with refer
ence to principles both parties boldly ad
vocating the measures they believed to be
necessary to the prosperity of the govern
ment. : It is true the so called Whig party
have on other occasions, as in 1840, adopt
ed the mum policy, and sought to screen
their principles behind false issues, from a
sense of their inability to carry the Union
by: a plain and open argument in their be
half. They sought too successfully to divert
the attention of the people from a close
scrutiny of their principles, by their "tink
ling symbols and sounding brass." But
when once in power the measures they
most avoided, were the first upon the car
pet. A National Bank had been openly
disclaimed and declared bo issue in many
parts of the Union, but every nerve was
stretched to fasten one upon the country
even over the bead of Tyler, whom they
had nominated on account of his anti-Bank
speeches.. But, although their ticket had
the elements of humbugery about it, their
candidates were men who had mixed in
State affairs, and did not hesitate to iden
tify themselves with the Whig party, and
to subscribe to most of the measures of I
that party." .;' .
.The approaching election, we have said,
presents a new era in the politics of the na
tion in the language of Webster "it stands
by itself, without precedent and withont
justification from anything in our. previous
history.-'-' Zachary Taylor and Millard
Fillmore are presented by the Whig party
for the two first offices known in the repub
lic I , Those offices are the more responsible!
trusts from the peculiar condition of the
poiitioal world caused by the hold the im
preision is 'gaining upon the human mind,
that Man is capable of self government
Whilst this conviction is slowly and surely
working its way, all eyes are turned to
America, the pioneer in the cause of repub
licanism. Efforts have been made in every
tge esiablUh the rights of the masses,
and upon the pages of . history it will be
seen their hopes have invariably been dash
ed to piece upon 'the same rock "a blind
and heedless enthusiasm for mere military
renown," We bold that a pure republic is
the1 only equitable government on earth:
alTothers Ire founded in error and depend
for support upon ignorance rather than in
telligence'.1' Every error or step from the
true science of government sets : back re
publican principles, in the mind of main
farther than they can be advanced in an
-age. That it would be an error to elevate
GsDj.Jsyjojr tothe rrtudenejt r account
of W military repute tisn alone, ft? sane re-
poajvul j. Aadjety that be, ku
any other claims for that office no reasona
ble man will contend. Gen. Taylor is a
good enough soldier, and may have good
enough tense, but disguise it as you may
he is wholly unqualified for the office to
which he aspires. No man who has been
iu the army for more than 40 years can be
properly qualified. His election would be
an error in our government of the most stu-
pendaus magnitude. It would be sealing
the conviction upon the minds of Monar
chists that republics are unsafe, and taking
the first step in the road which all others
traveled to ruin. The Whig party have no
claims to success, on account of any prin
ciples they may partially advocate they
buried them at the big f urneral at Philadel
phia, called their Convention. They form
ed their ticket like a net "to catch birds of
every feather" Taylor with his location
and negro property for the South, his "com
bustible" popularity for the thoughtless,
and Fillmore's location and Abolitionism
for the North. ,
How different was the actions of the
Democratic party. They met in Conven
tion and laid down the principles upon
which they propose to administer your gov
ernment, and published them to the world.
Their candidates are experienced states
men, who subscribe to those principles, and
whose abilities have been endorsed by the
leaders of the opposition. Their princi
pies are the same that the people preferred
four years ago, when they were met upon
principle by .the opposition. Their princi
pies are the same that have brought your
government to what it is that made it re
spccted abroad and loved at home. Your
government has been so successfully ad
ministered upon these principles during the
present administration, that the opposition
have not dared to attack them in open cam
paign, or to offer you theirs in their place
If, then, you are convinced that the Dem
ocratic principles are right or wrong, go to
the polls and vote accordingly. If you vote
for Lewis Cass & Wm. O. Butler, you vote
for the present currency of the country,
for the present Tariff of the country, and
for the present internal and external policy
of the country you vote to sustain the
Constitution unimpaired as bequeathed to
us by our forefathers, who gained us our
If upon the contrary you vote for Zacha
ry Taylor & Millard Fillmore, you sanction
the doctrine that the constituent has no
right to know the opinions of the candid
ate, and that a purely military chieftain is a
suitable character to elevate to the . Presi
dency. You vote for a Southern slave
bolder without any principles, and Northern
J Abolitionist with Abolition principles. '
Pennsylvanii and Ohio. The despatch
es from these States hare changed the re
sult almost daily. Ford and Weller have
alternately been reported ahead in Ohio,
and both parties were actually afraid to
shout so close was the race. It appears
to be conoeded that Ford is elected by
from one to three hundred majority the
official vote alone can fix the figures. The
Democrats have gained two members of
Congress. The Senate is a tie, and the
Whigs and Free Soilers together claim four
majority in the House several seats are
It appears to be generally conceded that
T'ylors chances are gone in Ohio. ' Ford
received a heavy vote in the Western Re
serve, where Taylor cannot carry a single
county. Ohio is as safe as any State in
the Union for Cass & Butler.
In Pennsylvania the vote was very light J
Johnston's reported majority is now trimm
ed down to 300 by the last despatch on Sat-
uraay. no receivea toe wuole X ree Soil
vote as well a Native, having declared him
self in favor of their doctrine. The former!
subtracted from Taylor, will give the State
to Cass & Butler by a good majority. The
Keystone is perfectly safe.
Singular State of Things. Gen. Cass
will carry his native State, New Hampshire,
and bis adopted one, Michigan.
He will also carry Taylor's native State.
XT' -Ll l? J . . i. . - -
Virginia, ana nisaaopiea plate, Louisiana
He will also carry the county and precinct
in which Gen. Taylor lives, and the county
and precinct in wnicn be himself lives.
Land Warraats are selling in this cHv
fot $110 to $112 each, which, if used for
the purchase of public land, places it at
about seventy ceots per acre-S ' lends
(num. - : :;'..
iThe "free siolers" in Maine have nomi
nated on their electorial ticket, three aoos-
tate Democrats, and six AfeoIitioo-Wbigs.i
The Republican, of the 11th, contains an
article with the following startling caption :
"The official editor cornered a falsehood
uttered and a falsehood nailed to the eoun
teras base coin We were led as a mat
ter of curiosity to read the disclosure," and
found, as usual, a great amount of wind and
gass, without judgment or reason. The
facts are these: For the purpose of manu
facturing political capital one Stewart, of
Pennsylvania, commonly known as Ogle
Stewart, from his following in the footsteps
of his reckless predecessor in infamy, open
ly .charged in Congress that Gen, Cass had
received a great amount of extra pay from
the government, whilst acting as Governor
of Michigan, over and above his regular
salary, seeking thereby to make the impres
sion that Gen. Cass had wronged or de
frauded the government. Not satisfied wit
greatly exagerating, and in many instances
actually doubling the amounts paid, but
dishonestly concealed or failed to state the
Character of the services for which these
allowances were made. A large portion
was for actual expenses incurred while ne
gotiating treaties for the government at re-
mo e places in the wilderness in the West ;'
the residue was a compensation for his ser-
ces. " No man but the veriest party hack
would have said aught to a single allow
ance made to Gen. Cass, for the most reek-
less have not dared to deny it was not earn
ed, every dime of it. But our readers
well know that these malicious charges
were greedily copied into the whig jour
nals, the Republican among them, from one
end of the Union to the other. It was to do
justice to Gen. Cass, and toshow these pol
lticians the recklessness of their course,
that the Washington Union made a fair com
putation of the extra allowances made
both to Cass and to Taylor. The same thing
was done by Damocrats in Congress, but
the whig majority would not suffer the facts
to be published. This publication of Tay
lor's allowances, by the Union, has taken
the - whigs all aback. ' Reverdy John
son, of Marylsnd, in a fit of desperation
writes to Adjutant Gen. Jones to know
First If, from the commencement of
his military service to the present time. Gen
Taylor ever applied tor, or received in
the form of pay, emoluments or otherwise.
one dollar more than the laws in terms al
Secondly. Y bother his pay and emolu
ments during the period he has been a Ma
jor Genersl, nave not been the same as those
received by General Jackson whilst he
held the same post in the armv of the Unit-
Nobody ever contended that Gen. Tay
lor had received illegal pay, nor can it be
shown that Gen. Cass did. Cass did per
form extra services which cost him immense!
sums that were met by his government'
General Taylor did receive extra pay, and
it cannot be shown that he was ever call
ed to perform extra services, by negotiating
treaties, as was Cass, Jackson and Harri
son. 1 be following is
Mjutant Gen. Jones' reply..
Washington. Oct. 2. 1848.
Dx a S: I duly received your letter
or the .win uit., and having examined the
article in the Union of September 28. re-
ferrrd to, have no hesitation in ' saying
ail the nay and allowances specified
having been received bv Major General
Taylor, were in strict conformity to law and
the Regulations of the War Department
made pursuant thereto; and ate precisely
sueh as any other officer similarly situated
would nave been entitled to receive.
I am, sir, very sespectfully,
Yoilr obedient servant,
R. JONES, Adj. Gen'l,
Hon. R. Johnson, Baltimore; Md.
It is this reply the Republican makes such
. flourish - over, as nailing the . Union's
article to the coonter. It Will be seen from
Jones' reply that Taylor did receive the ar
tides specified by the Union, which he says
he had a , right to , receive. . The same
can. be said of Cass, - Whiggery is tired
of its own argument, and becomes reck
ess when it is turned against them. '
We see, through the medium of the Mis
souri Statesman, that the Barnburner, (we
do not exchange with the thing,) "a dirty
little disorganizing sheet published in St
Louis, ander the auspices of a few of the
pin-feathered, slick-haired, soap-locked
Tittlebates of that place,", has made an as
fault upon an article published some weeks
since in the Banner. This representative
of the sore-heads of St Louis charges the1
Banner with inconsistency in advocating
the election of Gen.' Cass "on account of!
his military services." Io the same article!
from which it makes a perverted extract,
the contrary of Hs misrepresentation (which
amounts to an impudent falsehood) is plain
ly stated. Consistency indeed!. This is
the same pie-bald knot of political upstarts
that conducted the miscalled Democratic
Flag, and prentended to advocate the elec
tion of Cass and Butler no more than three
months ago. The principles of those states
men are the same now as then in every
particular. But it is not our design to
argue with this consumpted sheet, that will
socn gallop off the stage of existence for
its whole article is but a web of lies, that
will elicit the serious attention of none but
heads as soft, if not as sore, that can furnish
nothing better for their papers. .
Let the people of the South remember
that the charge that Fillmore is an Aboli
tionist is utterly false, and that the men
who make it support for the Presidency the
man who in August, 1846, was in favor of
the Wilmot Proviso, but who in December,
1847, to get Southern votes in the Baltimore
Convention, wrote a long letter against it
I Mo. Statesman.
II" Let the people of the South remem
ber that the above paragraph was penned
by a reckless politician in a state of despe
ration that he gives his empty declaration
where evidence is required. To his asser
tion "that the charge that' Fillmore is an
Abolitionist is utterly false," let Fillmore
answer himself. The following 'question.
amongst others, was propounded to him by
the Anti-Slavery Society of New York, in
October, 1838, while he was a candidate
4th. Are you in favor of immediate legis-
lauon ior uie aooimon oi slavery in me
District of Columbia ?
' To which he replies : "1 am much en
gaged, and have no time to enter into an
argument, or to explain at length, my ree
sons for my opinion. I shall therefore, con
tent myself for the present, by answering
AL.U your interrogatories in toe At 1 1KJV1
ATI VE, and leave for some future occa
sion, a more extended discussion' of the
To make good the charge that Cass was,
in August, 1846, in favor of the Wilmol
Proviso, and in December, '47, against it,
needs more than the Statesman's or a Rath-
burn's assertion we demand the evidence
Lest you should fail to find documentary
evidence to suit the occasion, we furnish
you with the following extract from Cass'
celebrated pamphlet on the Quintuple trea
ty, written as early as 1842 :
, "It (slavery) can be safely left only to
those who are to be so seriously affected by
it ; and were it is left by the constitution
of the United States. It is a matter with
which the general government has no con
Charge or Murder. Augnste Falil
bush, a private in Captain Peltzer's comna-
ny, from St Louis, was yesterday taken
before Justice Butler for further examina
tion, upon a charge of killing a fellow-soldier,
named Mathias Ambrooster. It ap-
(rears mm ucieuuaoi ana aeceasea, in com
pany with several other members of the
company, when encamped near Fort Mann,
left the camp on a Buffalo hunt. In re
turning, deceased was a short distance in
advance of defendant when the latter
stumbled in consequence of his foot be
coming entangled in the grass. At the
time of stumbling, bis gun, Which he was
carrying ander his arm, discharged, the
contents passing through the heao of Am
brooster, causing almot instant death-
Defendant appeared to be very much dis
tressed at what had occurred, laid down his
arms, and surrendered himself as a prison
er to his comrades, and was taken to the
camp. A court of inquiry was instituted
by the commanding officer, a trial had. and
defendat.tacquittd, and again put on duty.
a ne suooiing is aumiuea oy tne defendant,
but the intention or malice aforethought de
nied. To show malice, the State Droved
that the defendant and deceased had on
several occasions quarreled, and that when
engaged in such quarreling defendant had
threatened to shoot deceased. The de
fence, in rebuttal, proved it to be a com
mon expression amongsoldiers when quar
reling, to threaten to shoot eachother,when,
at the same time, no such thought or inten
tion was actually meant that it was as
common to make such a threat as it was
for them to quarrel, none regarding it as
serious-that it is common for soldiers to
quarrel while in camp, and in a few mo
ments to be as friendly as ever and 'that
at the time of the accident the defendant
and deceased were appear antiv on friendlv
terms, notwithstanding their previous quar
reling. The examination of witnesses for the
defence was not concluded yesterday, and
the case was further continued until to-day.
Rep., Oct 18th. t r h,
Discharged. Auguste Falilbush. a mam.
ber of, Capt : Peltzer's company St Louis
infantry, arrested for shooting Mathias
Ambruster, on the plains, near Fort Mann
was yesterday discharged bv Justice Bnt.
ler; it appearing from the evidence that the
shooting was accidental and withot malice
aforethought The facte of the easel" L
developed; by the examination,' we" g&W u
j - r i "
: Columbus, Oct 19.
Our returns for Governor are by majorf.
The aggregate vote will reach Mar 430
The Senate is tied,' and the lioosev.fjnj. !
Whigs majority, five of whose aeaUwillW
contested, and - two of wlyse certificate '
win be given to ue Democrats by Demo
cratic clerks '
Ford's majority, as at present advised.
is205.,.. , , . ...:,,rAVL
PENNSYLVANIA ELECTIGN. :
The Governor's race is so close that 'tie-
same blanket can cover both sags.: Md'.y,
My private impression is, that Johnsejft
majority will be less than 60. . . rh mt
The official returns vary-the aggregate '
vote about 400. St. Louis Union, October !
xutn. ; , . - . . ;. ,.uf
Large Sale of Land. On Tuesday (be
3d inst, 40,000 acres of land in Illinois
and Wisconsin, i belonging to the United
States Bank, were offered and all soldi at
public sale, in this city, by order of the
Trustees under the assignment of May 1st,
1844. The sale was well attended, and
the bidding spirited a large number of
strangers being present The sale realised
$78,000, and the land averaged $1 60 pet
acre. Messrs M. Thomas & Son, Auction
eers Phita. Price Cur. , ..-- ,,,
CAUTION TO YOUTHS.
On Friday evening last, Mr. John J.
Arthur, son of Maston H. Arthur, Esq,
while endeavoring to kindle a fire by burn
ing .powder, suffered the fire to be coal
municated to . the powder in a horn sus
pended about bis neck, out of -which be
was pouring powder at the time. - The ex
plosion shocked him severely, bnrning hie
face very badly. Boys generally - are too
careless with so powerful an agent - " -
The owners of several of our steam
boats are attaching to their engines, Lymans
patent steam and water guage; by which
the passengers in the cabin, as well as the
engineer, can ascertain tl e amount of steam
the boat carries, and the quantity of water
b bar boilers. St. Louis Unrm.
. ..; . jut
Mtnesota. The inhabitants of Minesota
have held a convention, at which sixty-one
cyegates were in attendance, tor the nur
pose of memorializing Corgess to give them'
iemtonal government- H. tl. sibfr
Esq., was selected as a delegate to visit '
Washington City, and urge their views. .
Resolutions were passed, thinking R. H.
Cheever, Esq., for his exertions at Wash
ington in their behelf.
Daniel Webster has made another speech
in which he seys the Whigs are the only
genuine "free soilers,, and that as such they -'
,o tor Taylor. On the other hand, John,
ran Buren made a speech on the same day. ..
in the New York Park, claiming that eve
ry "free soiler" would go for his papa, f
Wholesale Pois mine.- -Nearly the en
tire company of the Lowell City Guards
were poisoned by drinking coffee, night '
before last while at a muster in Littleton. .
The coffee was made in a vessel with a cop
per bottom, and had stood in it tor several ,
hours, and the acid of the coffee, no doubt,
attacked the copper, and poisoned the:
whole.. It was partaken of by most of the
company through the evening and duritg
tne night; every one who bad partaken of
it was more or less sick some of them vi- .
olently. The Surgeon and assistant' sur
geon were fortunately theie, and attended '
to their relief with much success. Thev
are all recovering now. , The number not-,
soned was over forty; thiee of the compa
ny, who did not drink of the coffee, were .
not affected by any of the symptoms under '
which ' the others suffered. This case '
should be a warning to all sot to use any -copper
vessel in cooking. Lowell Cou
If Gen. Taylor is to be elected for the
sake of destroying executive influence '
wny not have "king log" af 6ace? :y Whig- -gery
is estrange: animalits avowed: ob
ject is to fill an office so that it may not
aueu w ruoosa rresiueni wuo will noi ,
be President If Taylor is not to exercise
any executive influence; should be be eleo- 1
ted, how will be effect any of those' wo-V;
ders which his friends have promised?-
re. t j. tt -
DiLtWARi The Whie? maloritv at th
recent inspector's election . ,wa 23, botifj ;?
one township Democrats enough were aW
sent to have changed the result The "
-V Af. l f . V ... wi . -
vazeuc wmni utile ueiewar as sale lor ,
CaSS.!' .: .- ;. V- 1- !.; 1 .l .r VT.vat
MAaTLAND. As far as the' recent local
election indieata the reeuh "to November .
Cass bw the best chance fox carrying; JhieV