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T Centinueit frbm. first oaeLl
1 - 11 it . - i ri
L V" J o I '
ana au.in prewe. anup0nuc,a,, ,..,.
lowed the lead of 'our leading friend a
D ..!.. fl... ivi.: T. .. 1
.f t i.iIiTfl '
-r II .,
th...tr;n .Ti !,.-. thovi; iit.i;ith.trino';tlie sovereiffiitv of the Utes ana tending
7 7 r I
were worn out; and then the harp were hungito the dissolution of the Union. Sad C0
unon the willows. Now a new et of . strings :ira(jctioii this when the same remedy is
are furuit hed, and from the aame "leading friend 'both to cure and to kill! aud although the
at the south, and the music recommences to the) p0i;t;CB doctors may prescribe both, yet,
old tune aet to new words. Benton Whigs 0liticsal patient who has taken
A U;r...;. YV:tt ?.;" d nnir the i' . r -.L aU.
Abalitionism -Wilmot Proviso" are now the
strings, and harps away again the word! and harp
away they will, the old performers and some ne w
ones, until the drooping willows shall again claim
the appendage of their tuneless instrument.
I owe an apology to General Jackson's memo
ry for reading a letter in which he is quoted a
eainst me. . ft was unjust to him, and would
have been mortifying to see his name quoted a
gainst one of his best friends, by one of his great
est enemies. T never mortified his feelings by
letting him know that I had heard how his name
had been used: bat when near his end I sent him
a kind message by Major Lewis, which he re
turned in the most affectionate terms, and which
I think it right here to repeat. After giving an
account of hi rif it to him, , and how he found
him, Maior Lewis" continues ;
He inquired after snanv old mends and among
tiietn yourself, desiring io know when I had seen'mise now, is to propose to call Methusalem
ro last sad how votf
twyoa were, iioia nun. i nao
seen yon but a Jew aya oeiore i leu nasning
ton, and that you were well, and at the same
time delivered to him. your message, he was evi
dently aoch affected when I had repeated what
you had desired me to say to him. After a short
pause he said: 'I thank the Colonel for his kind
recollection of me in my old age and sore afflic
tions; it would give me great pleasure to see him
once more, but that I fear is impossible, as my
life is rapidly drawing to a close." Here he.a
again paused,' and then added; the Colonel was
not only an able and distinguished statesman, but
a warm and. sincere patriot, and his country is
under great obligations to bun. , I feel grateful
for the able and efficient support he gave me dur
ing the whole of . my Administration, and I beg
you when next you see him to remember me to
him in my name, for his kind and affectionate
message." . These I believe my dear sir, are his
precise avoids' for as they were spoken with
much feeling and In a deep and solemn tone of
voice,' the v made animptession on my mind that
can never be effaced.' . i. . .
' This is my second personal reason for dwell
ing on Mr. Calhoun. It is to repel his attacks
upcn:me. Public duty, in the Senate of the Uni
ted Stat ex, would have required sae to reply to
his resolutions, it be had ever called them np
there- Their ; passage through the Missouri
Legislature makes it still more my duty to do so.
These resolutions are his, copied from his, with
such exactitude of ideas, that some transposition
of clauses, and some variation of phrase can de
ceive no one. It only betrays a design to dis
guise, where disguise is impossible. I have read
the original.. -...
. mm a. ar a
' Here' follows the resolutions passed by the
Legislature, which, wo omit, having published
The Calhoun resolutions were entitled: "The
rights of Congress over Territories of the Un
ion in relation to slavery," and were introduced
into the Senate February, 1847. Those of the
Missouri Legislature were entitled : "Resolu-
tions in relation to slavery," and were introduced
December, 1848; the object of both the same
to deny the right of Congress to prevent, or pro
hibit slavery in Territories, and to denounce a
dissolution of the Union if it did. One was pa
rent to the ether, and I presume no man will de
ny it And here I make the exception which
truth and Justice requires from ne.t 1 have no
idea that the mass L of the members who voted
for the resolutions in the last General Assembly,
nao any idea mat utey were calhoun's, or consid
ered the dissolution of the Union, which they
announced, as a thing in actual contemplation.
But they are not the less injurious on thar so-
coant- - They are the aet of the General Assem
bly, and aland for the aet of the State, and bind it
to the car of Mr. Calhoun, and encourage him
more than any event that has ; taken place. , But
they are w the sense of the State, or even the
sense of all the member who .voted for them.
The true sense' of, the State, and 1 doubt not, of
a urge majority pi the memebrs of the last lejr-
uuuure, was lauaiuiiy expressed in Uie resolves
and instructions of - the previous legislature,
which I had received and obeyed not only in the
wuer, put in me spirit, "inese are they :
"Joint "Resolutions in relation to the Missouri
Compromise Act of 1820. . ,' "
'Resolved, That the neace.: nermanencv' and
welfare of our National Union depend upon a
uics aaaerence us lae letter and spirit of Uie 8th
section of the art of IConerest of the United
States, entitled "an act to authorize the people of
un nmoan x cmiorr io lorm a constitution and
State Qorernmentfor the admission ot such State
into the Union pn an eXfnaf footing with the orie
uuu owaj man io promou slavery in certain ter
tones," approved Maroh 0, 1820.
OteaoUed, That ear Senators in the Congress
of the United Sutea are hereby instructed and
our Representatives requested to vote in accord
ance wtfh tha provision and the spirit of the
said eighth section oi the said act. in all theaues.
Uon.sshieh may come. before them in relation to
Vie organization of new Territories or States,
cut or toe Jerruory now belonging to the Uni
ted States, or whion hereafter maybe acquired
either, by purchase, by treaty, or by conquest." . .
These resolves paused the General Assembly
of Jflastfnriontha 15th day of February, 1847
joss i our asys oeiore iaimun brought into the
Seatfe pf4h United States, his Are-brand reso-
lutioriSt.wAich I denstinced upon the spot -
whieh Itad beetv adopted by he Missouri Legis
lature at the last session, and from which I now
appeal to the gfate the whole State.- How dif
ferantbott Inreeoncileably hostile to each other
-ma two sets of resolutions I Une makes the
pespermstieaoy, and welfare of our Nation
al Union, dependant upon strict adherence to the
spirit aad tense af the Missouri Compromise in
its vfpiketfon U new territory that is to say,
upon ma consutauonai rwit, and tna eqmtable
exercise of that right, to iegWUto upon slavery
U tiMsst territory, and to admit in part, 'and
prevent it la part: iim othet makes the dis
solnlpn of tie Union dependent upon the
piauorm or jeci ana pruicipie deivy-
ing the riglit of Congress to admit, orpro-
Liwnn slavery in
. . , - . . -
a lermorv serung iw
-r"i ........ ' Ktt . :ftIatinn f the Consti
DIUIIlUaiVIII V w . . -
i.,t inn nf t ie United BIBIPS an H1SUH ID
one, has the right to taiic a mue wim wr
doctors before he swallows the other.
Yes, citizens ! Congress has the power
to legislate upon slavery in Territories, and
to admit, or urohibit, its existence! in fact
to compromise it. She has the constitution'
al power, but can never hereafter exercise
it. The new drfgma of, no power in Con
gress to legislate on the subject, has killed
all comDromise. Those who deny the now
er cannot vote for it: it would be a breach
of their oath: those who want no slavery in
the new Territories will not vote for com
promise, and thus extremes meet com
bine against the middle and defeat all com
promise. The" resolutions of Mr. Calhoun
have done this; and to talk about coinpro-
rrom Ins tomb. The envct, u not ine ae
sign, of his new dogma, was to kill compro
mise; and dead it is. The constitution will
not permit him and his followeis to vote for
any compromise line; opposition to the ex
tension of slavery will not permit northern
men to do it: and thus there is no chance
for any line. Principle cannot be compro
mised. 1 he Missouri compromise was not
of a principle,' but of interests after the
principle was established.. The. first ques
tion put by Mr. Monroe to his Cabinet was
as to the constitutional power of Congress
over the subject. That being established
in the affirmative, the application of the
principle was matter of detail and of expe
I have shewn that Mr. Calhoun supported
the abolition of slavery in the Territory of
Louisiana: I hare now to shew that he did
the same thing in a State in the State of
Texas. The case was this : In the session
of 1844 '45,. two resolutions were adopted
for the admission of the State of Texas, one,
single and absolute, with the Missouri com
promise in it; the other authorizing nego
tiations with Texas for her admission on an
equal footing with the original States. The
Senator from South Carolina was then Se
cretary of State, and virtual President of.
the United states; and in that capacity be
seized upon the absolute resolutions, se
lected it, and applied it to the State of
Texas, and thus ran the Missouri com
promise line though that State, thereby
abolishing slavery in a State in a part of
a State making one part of the same State
free sail, and one part slave soil, and so it
stands at this day 1 Before that act of Mr.
iainoun, me wnoie state ot Texas was
slave soil made so by the laws and consti
tution of Texas. The question with onr
Congress was, how to admit her consistent
ly with her rights as a sovereign State ?
1 be House resolution imposed a restriction
an abolition, in fact, of slavery, in all her
territory above Jod. 30m., end that was a
great deal for the State extended in one
part to 42 degrees : the Senate's amend
ment imposed nothing, but proposed to treat
with Texas, and to admit her upon agreed
terms. Mr. Calhoun seized upon the House
resolution, adopted it, and thereby adopted
the Missouri compromise, and imposed it,
not upon a l erritory, but upon a State. He
abolished slavery in a State ! and in this he
carried abolitionism further than anv Barn
burner every proposed ; for they limit their
abojitiomsm to I erritories. 1 his Mr. Cal
houn did, and did as late as March 3d. 1845.
There istio dispute about it 'Gen. Hous
ton charged him with it in his Circular Ad
dress to his constituents at the late session
of Congress. Every body was struck with
the force of the accusation, and looked out
anxiously for Mr. Calhoun's replv. Thev
looked in vain. He did not reply, and could
not. uoniession woutd do no good, and
denial would make it worse. The fact was
notorious, and was of public record. He
could not throw the blame upon Tyler, for
ne naa oiten boasted in the Senate that be,
himself, had selected that resolution.
l repeat: I do not cite this conduct at
Air. (..alhonn in abolishing slaverv In a nrt
of Texas as authority to justify abolishing
slavery in States, but to show that he went
further than any northern fanatic1 has ever
proposed to go; and, further, that opto
that date, March 3d, 1815, he had not in
vented, bis new doctrine of no power in
Congress to legislate upon slavery in Ter
ritories ; and, still further, to show that up
to the same period, lie had not felt the
pricking of that new point of honor the
insult to the slave States, in being excluded,
with their property, from (he soil which
their comon blood and treasure won. Texas
was all won, as well north as south of 36
degrees 30 minutes, by the same blood and
treasure the taxes of the people, and the
blood of Goliad, the Alamo, and San Jacinto.!
And yet here were citizens of the same
Stat excluded, bvthe act of JXr. CalhonnJ
from removinc their property from one part1
of it to another. - '-'' '--
To be continued.) ':' '
Of Interest to Tobacco Planters .
riHE undersigeed'wish to purchase a quan
JL tity of TOBACCO, for which thev will
pay a fair price in cub. Those wishing to sell
in this market, will find it to their interest to
give us acalli as we design purchasing all that
may peonerea ana paying the highest market
P". H. E. BLOCK CO, '
Ta tlna Star fpnled Banster.
. T . F. aaOMWXlA. ;
Bright star-spangled banner, triumphantly wave,
O'er the freeman, who scorns to be tyrant or slave;
Unfurl thy proud sheet to ine oreeze oi me puuh,
. . . .I a a : J 1-?.
And waive, o'er the mountain, ine loresi anu pwu
Th linlaatnaTris of freedom, unfurled.
Are borne oneaoh wind that encircles the world;
Thy etars, as the emblem of hope to the free, -
Are sneaaing weir juw w . - -
Where the fathomles waters unceasingly roll,
Anil ieehertra eternal encircle the pole,
At midnicht's still hour, on the billow's rough
The northern aurora illumines thy crest.
'Mid the far southern isles of the palm tree and
Where the verticle sunbeama eternally shine, '
WW the mvrtle exoandstothe tropical breeze,
Tby broad stripea and bright stars are hailed on
And lol where Niagara's cataracts leap,
By the hand of Omnipotence hurried from the
Wliat beacon shines briifhtlv the dark water o er?
Tis the star-spangled banner, displayed from
Where the mighty Columbia the mountain rock
Or i effects the tall pine in his bosom of waves.
Or rolls in his might through deep sounding vale,!
Thy broad stripes and bright stars are nung io
ine gale. - .
Twas neath thy bright folds that our champions
On the field where our fieedom with carnage
And the Eagle of Victory, sflen o'er thee,
Haa spread his broad pinio by land and by sea.
Tha standards of Nations hive met the in pride.
When the sons of Columbia their foeman defied.
But their chiefs and their taiuions have quailed
at the power, . .
That bore the bright star tirough each perilous
Bright Banner of Libert vt child of the light.
Thy presence can cheer the bold mariner' eight;
To him as symbol oi joy inou snail rise,
When thy broad atripes ahiae bright on the dark
troubled skies. ,
How oft has he borne thee across the red seas.
When the thunder of battle roll'd dead on the
Or.'mid the fierce triumph.benealh thee bath cast,
The nag of the toeman, though nailed io ine mast.
And long may 'at thou wave.as in days ol thy pride,
- . - ... ...... .t i .-i
As Tree as the whirl wind thai neaves me oara uuc,
The enw of tvrants. the iov of the tree.
. . . -. . ,
VYilh thy broad stripes ana ongnt aiars, ocr
land and o'er sea.
WILLIAM S. MOORE.
Premiums, Parlor Heating Stove,
or all huds.
JEWEn"S IMPROVED CARY PLOUGH,
Tin, Sheet Irion and Hollow- Wart,
JIT WHOLESALE MVD RETAIL,
He.3 MAIN STREET,
(Belv.. Market and Chemut Sit.,)
ST. LOUIS, MO.
May 7th 1849. ly. '
DOCTORS JOHN C WELBORN & J AS.
T. MATSON, harms; associated them
selves in the practice of Medicine, tender their
services to the people of Frankfort and vicinity
in the various branches f the profession.
Wm. M. Coffee,
Attorney and Counsellor at Lawi
WILL promptly attend to any business that
mav be entrusted to his care. He will practice
in Warren and the adjoining counties.
27 Office in VYarrenton, Mo.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
A TTENDS regularly the courts of
Xl. unco In and M. Lharlea counties.
J" Address PrameriUe, Pike county, Mo,
November 8th 1847.
N. P. Minor,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, BowLiae-Gastv, Me
Office in theCourt House.
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Bowling-Green, Mo,
Regularly attends the Circuit Courts of Pike
Kalis, Ljncoln, Warren and Montgomery.
ATTORNEY AT LAW, BowLiHo-Gaxsff, Me.
Will promptly attend to all business entrusted
lomscare. - -
E. G. 3IcftUIE,
' LOUISIANA, MO.
DEALER in Dry Goods, Groceries, READY
MADE CLOTHING. Produce &c.
S. F. Murray, 1
ATTORNEY. AT. LAW, BowUng Green, Mo
Will promptly attend to anv business that
beentrnatedtohiscare. - .
'J, B., Henderson,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, CwaxsviLii Me.
Wwu promptly auenoto any business thai
may b entrusted to 'his care.
uiaritsviUe, May 8d, 1847.
XI ' J DUDLEY has opened at ' Louisiana,!
11 (in the room Tatelv occupied by Jaez
son & Brother) a General assortment of
. FWXCY JJfD STAPLE J
GROCERIES, HARDWARE, r -QUEENS-
WARE, & CUTLERY. 1
: Intending to make a permanent location at
Louisiana,! am determined to sell ay goods, of
evMrv daaerintinn. at a . verv small advance on
their coat, for Cash or the Produce of "the sur
rounding country and moat respectfully solicit
nil tiersons fnarticularlv the ladies) to call and
examine the quality and prices of my Goods be
fore making their purchases, aa 1 snan ai an umei
. - d . . .. V .IT '
take pleasure in showing them. . u.
May 14th, 14. if.
FOUL K S HO TEL.
' Louisiana, Mo.
rffS THIS well known House is still open
IM " for the accommodation of tha traveling
community. The proprietor, grateful tor the
liberal patronage lie has so long received, nopes
by constant attention to the wants of his custo-
- - .. m ; TT.
iners, to merit a continuance oi uie same, ne
nromisea that his table shall at all times be sup-
naed with the best that me country can anora:
.. . ... . . .... . ! !
and that particnlar attention shall be given to his
Stables.'--- : .u.
His prices are as follows:
Board by the day, '; - - . $ 60
. do for man and horse, . - : 75
, . ; single meals, . . - :. . 26
do for man and horse, 30
two meals .' - - -40
; do by the week: . - 2 00
.do for horse - I . 1 60
do for horse ner day ! - V 26
Persons wisliing to go to any point in the
county, can be accommodated with a hack,
on reasonable terms. .
For the benefit of strangers he will say that
Foulka' Hotel is situated on Third Street, one
door south of Baird's hotel and immediately op-
Dosite the Academy. JOHN FOULKS fer.
Louisiana Livery Stable.
XN view of the inconveniences to which in-
I dividuals and the public generally have been
subjected, for the want of proper conveyancea
to and from our city, the subscriber has
been encouraged to establish in Louisiana, at
an immense outlay . of "toil and trtamre" a
Livery Stable, well supplied with Horses, Bug
gies and Hacks. He flatters himself by keep
ing eonststly on hand, and wall robbed, hors
es of all gates and colors, suited both to, the
saddle and harness, that he will receive a gen
erous support from community. Business en,
and pleasuring men, as well aa the travelling
community, can ai any umc oe auppuea win
single horses, buggies, or hacks, by calling at
my Stables between Georgia and Souh Caro
lina streets. '
It is also his design to run as accommoda
tion hack to ail the Bowling-Green courts, and
neighborhood meetings, to which four or five
passengers can he obtained. His prices ahaU
be as low aa the lowea.
H. W. P. WOOTTEN.
2 a : ?h
2BS : :
WCHEJP CASH BOOK STOREji
J. H ALSALL.
WHOLESALE and Retail Bookseller and
Stationer. No. 124. Main Street. Kini
ivouis, mo., Keeps on nana a splendid assortment
w . .. . . - ' i
chool, Law, Medical and Miscellaneous Books'
uiiis, mic, -waters, Steel Fens and
Slates, Writing and Wrapping J
Papers; Blank Booka '
in great variety, together with everv othslr art
uw in iui um oi Business. -
Books tounu in the best manner. ' i
Call and examineNo. 124. Main Street, .
New Goods. '
, dr.wm7w.wise, : ; :
(Main Street, Louisiana, Missouri,) '
Pender of DryGoods, Groeenei, Due
' Stufft, Paints, Oils, ';te Varnishes.
23" He also keens ennitinllinn hmA " J
forsale a good supply of FAMILY MEDI.
CHfES, warranted genuine. . All of which
wUl4e sold aa low as tha Lowist. JT
23Mease rail and examine ooods and
J If Ai U M dm Www
WM;ti "to 7.11S
3 uT LnaivA
KENNEDY t&f. CO.,
A'.REriow Id receipt or a well serectedsfotl
J , r wtrntrrA j JR.WELH T. CUTIS-
R Yt PERFUMER Y COJfFECT JS0JV ARISES
&, to.,whick. they invito the attention ofiiiha
Ladies, and Gentlemen oJ this Aij aaa omj
Consisting, in part, of the following arclesttji
Full Jeweled Gold and Silver ancAoe lever
Horizontal and quartier ditto . .
Ladies' fine aet and mourning Breast-Pins,
Bracelets and Clasps, miniature Lockets,
Fine set, engraved, facet, conelian and plain
. Rings, . : j'-V'i
Plain and set Ear Rings," ;. . -..s '':.-!
Hair Pins, Guards, SUdes and silver Thimbles
Shell & silver Combs, &! gold Pencils, ,4 , ,
Gents fine aet Breast Pins, . ', " .'w
Plain gold & set Studs,' V.
Fine gold Pens & holders, ' J "
Heavy silver Pencils & leads. ' -Roger'a
Razora & Congress Knives, ' 2
Wastenhohn'a extra ' do. " , do. -Watch
chains and gold & silver keys.
Violin strings and Musical BoxssvV
Specifies, assorted, and cases, ' ':
Razor strops and shaving compound, j lf. .
Fancy Cologn, Rose li bears Oil, . :J
Ox marrow, Pomade & macssser oil,, , . lot
Plates, Novels & Indeilible Ink, ;, ; , ,t
Candies, assortedand fine Cigars, ' :
Nuts, Rasins-, Fruits, &ei;"- -' -:,t " " -.
?S- There is also a SODA FOUNT in con
nection with the establishment that will be found
in order during the warm aeason.
Georgia Sired, Louisisna, Mo.
April 9tb, 1849-tf. :a , ... , fr
.. ;. THAW . y: -h'
' For the approaching Spring, I am nana-
facturing tlie largest and njost aplendid as
sortment of ' "
RE AD Yr MADE -
Ever offered by any house. It will be be
yond description ! ". . ,
The Wlaolesale auad Befall Trade , t
of the past year so far exceeded my expec
tations, that it was a matter of impossibili
ty for ate to supply the great demand !
J? UK 1HU Afr-KUAUHJIXU SKA-
SON. I feel confident in asserting that I
will be enabled to supply the demand of
the entire West.
' TH TarMZltDOVS AMOVHT OT '
That I am doing, and entirely upon the
cash principal, enables me to manufacture
Goods at far less prices than any other con
cern; and I am determined to .
SELL THEM AT A SMALL PROFIT II
So as to make it an object for every Coun
try Merchant to invest his cash capital in
Clothing, aa it will PAX luava better prof-:
it, MEET with nuicker sales, and LEA YE
no remnants to loose on. Jly Stock this
Spring has been manufactured entirely dif
ferent from any previous one. . I have de
voted my whole time and attention to it, as
my .brother, Charles G.. Martin, attends to
the St. Louis establishment. , My styles
and patterns have all been selected, with
great care, and all rich and beautiful. All
I ask is the pleasure of a call, when I am
confidant that you cannot fail being pleat
ed with my - ....-. -. : ,. .. -
SXTflXS, P ATTER58 ASD PBICES. ,
'. Merchants who are in the habit of tra
ding East, And those bound for California,..
will find, by looking throneh my stock, that '
they can buy cheaper than can be bought
in the Eastern markets, and save thereby
expenses of going, coming, transportation.
My stock this aeason is, and will be tre
mendously large, and. I .am determined to
close it off with the season .- :
All bills warranted to be packed correct- -
ly sisea and goods guaranteed to bo per-.
feCt. , -. - . .- -
: . m 1 BATS UT i. . . i -
ON E STORE ;
No 118 Main Street,
; '. ; SAINT LOUIS. MISSOURI J -, ".n
A large No. 118 on top the house. tt . , ". :
All Orders packsd at the lowssl Cask Priom.
John T. Martin.
A" VERY NEAT Cottage residence in !
. the town- of Bowling Green, whioh is
the connty sta of Pik, cae of the best and A
aostpopniots eouotiea in the SUter -The
house is entirely new. and eontaina four
rooms on the lower floor, and k bnilt in im-
pravea cottage stye. -It would make a
very neat and comfort able residence for any '
person of a small family. There are fn ooa.
neetiot, with it, good ont bnildinge, all new;
andin the premise t firit rato well of wk
itrt and alio four cood lots of .round: all
Ot which will be sold together if rltJ.
For partiduliri annfv th nnA.nlnMA i
. - - - IMS" sa.
I isurv r.
on the premise,: t RAM'L: KEM.-
April 2d, 184P. (60-2m)