Newspaper Page Text
DEMOCRATIC BIN NEB.
te.C 8.1". HURHAY, Editor.
,MO)fDAY MOUNTING, OCT. 22. 1849.
THE ATLANTIC AND PACIFIC RAILROAD
This convention assembled in St. Louis
a the 16th iost., and was composed of del
elates and invited guests from seventeen
States and one Territory, vix: New York,
-Jfew Jersy, Pennsylvania, Maryland. Vir-
E'nia, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi,
tuisiana, Arkansas, Ohio, Indiana, Illi
nois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Missouri,
; and Minesota Teraitory. The Convention
was temporarily' organized on Monday,
the 16th, and on Tuesday elected as its
prominent odicers, Hon. Stephen A. Doug
lass, or Illinois, as President, with a vice
President from each of. the States repre
sented ; and Steward of Chicago, Wm.
' G. Minor of Jefferson City, and A. B.
Chambers , of St. Louis, as Secretaries.
Various propositions were introduced and
discussed for connecting the valley of the
Mississippi with the Pacific ocean by a
railroad to be constructed by the general
government. Each of these proposition
.had its advocates, and at a time, the pros
peet fore unity of action was gloomy in the
Convention. The two most prominent
plans recommended were, first, to connect
J St. Louis and San Francisco with a grand
railway to be constructed by the general
government ; second, to construct a similar
road by the same power, from San J) ran
cisco through the most favorable pass in
the Rocky Mountains to be determined
hf government surveys, and to" end on the
Missouri river, near the western border of
This plan was advocated by those inte
rested in Memphis and Chicago, who deeir-
ed to leave to the three cities the work of
, connecting themselves at the point mention
; ed. Finally set of compromising resolu-
uobs were offered by Hon.' Thompson
' of Indiana, which were adopted in the Con
vention, proposing to construct by the Gen
".' era Government grand trunk railroad to
'. the point mentioned, with branches to- each
; of the three cities. We will give our views
,: more at length upon the expediency of this
f ',plaa at another tune. The Convention ad
journed about 1 o'clock on Thursday, the
tourtn day alter it convened.
ONE MORE TAG.
The editor of the St. Louis Republican
of the 16th tast, works himself into dread
fal rage, because we repeated in the Ban-j
,ner of tbeSth the substance of a former art!
cle in relation to the ruit of an itinerant
Post-e2.ee agent to this city, seeking in
formation for the ula of those who guide
the Post-office guillotine. " The editor at
; frit pronounced the whole thing "a false
hood, from' whatever source it eminated,
without any means of ascertaining the truth
or falsity of our charge. Our charge was
nased upon the representations and enqui
lies of the "emissary" mentioned, and so
distinctly stated. By what rule of logic, or
of evidence, does the editor of the Repub
lican pronounce "the whole thing a vile
falsehood?" His "veracity," "politeness"
. and judgment, are certainly unenviable.
. la a subsequent number we showed him his
blander and stated what we oould prove,
without introducing the name of a private
gentleman. ; Whereupon, he repeats his of
fensive language, and politely adds: "But
" What convinces us that, the whole thing is
a falsehood, made out of whole eloth, and
- nanafactared by this editor, is this : That,
Whilst he repeats his falsehood, he takes
good care not to give the names either of
"this itinerant Post Office Agent," or of the
.. "individual of whom he made the enqui
r If the editor is just convinced of its falsi-
ty by this omission, how reckless be must
' have acted in pronouncing it false two
weeks before. Sir, weTTIay op that gap
with the acme of Huir J. Fikdit, of this
city. As to the name of the" "Post Office
Agent" we aaver enquired, and would'nt
kaow for a dollar. . But he is said to be a
Jittta taller, and less florid tbaa the editor
of the RetmbEcaa the tame editor who,
MoeHfaf to the words of this "emissary,"
f ail a etitioa had already been tent to
?asUat3a for the eppointmant of a good
Whig la this city. We kaow that it is an.
pkasatt to the sore-heeds ef the Republi
an eliqae to be told of (their mists p, sinee
they are ouUGamolcd fa St Louis, and
their behests are aaheoded at Washington,'
'end exSttie their hydrophobia symptoms at
tat bare mention or roar curries.
: '' Fouxa at iast. Major Gaines, of Ken
; , toekj, has accepted the appointment to the
Governorship of Oregon.' . ,v
'rf PMHSTLTAHWr-Both-. tranches: of the
LegisIetW! are deaieeralie. i The Senate
" 'liy one; the Huse y majority sufficient
lor nil menu jmrj-oscv.
The Hards will remember that the Whigs
helped the Softs in 1844, and as one good
turn deserves another, we suppose-that the
Softs of 1849, will help the Whigs in an
attempt to put down the true hard democ-
ri ' i . t I
w 1rTKT . .7
We take the above extract from one of
many articles -of the same character that
weekly grace the columns of the Lexing
ton Journal. The Journal professes to be
Democratic in politics, and is one of those
heterogeneous presses that denounced
without stint or measure, the encroach
ments of Northern fanaticism, and "co-operated"
with those who passed the Legis
lative Resolution of Instructions, and conld
see no harm to the Union until he looked
through tlio abolition spectacles used by
Benton. Since then, the editor has been
raving like a madman, and denouncing the
best men of the State as "disuwionists,"
"millifiers," and "Softs," because they
cannot see disunion, nullification, and high
treason in the Resolutions of the Legisla
ture He screams dilution, nullification,
and high treason like a young raven, and
with about as much sense, beeause Benton
said it, and to please his master and Te
smarter than any one else, and denounces
every one opposed to Benton, as "Softs."
We have said this fellow professes to be a
Democrat. Now we appeal to the good
sense of every Democrat in the State, let
him have belonged to which division of the
party he may in 1841, if it is evidence of a
good Democrat to be constantly endeavor
ing to rip open the wounds just healed,
caused by the unfortunate division of our
party in days gone by. We all know that
it is a dernier resort of Whig demagogues
whose only hope to ooaquer is to divide.
Let it be- remembered that the writer of
this article was neither a Soft or Hard in
44 not having settled in the Stete at that
time but claimed to be a member of. the
great Democratie party of the Union. In
the application of those terms, then, we
mean nothing invidious to gentlemen who
may have sided either way. Gentlemen
with whom we are proud to co-operate in
sustaining the living principles of Democ
racy undegenerated, we find, who belonged
to each wing of our party. The local
questions that divided us then, have passed
away, and blistered be the tongue of him
who weald have them return. The. histo
ry of that division is familiar to every read'
cr in Missouri and need net bo repeated
here ; suffice if .to say, that no man with a
decent understanding, will hold that the
present controversy in this State has any
analogy to the days of bards and softs. The
atter has reference to the supporters and
opinions of an exclusive metalic currency;
the former to the right of our State Leg'
islature to instruct our Senators, and their
duty to obey or resign. Nor does the sub
ject of the instructions bear any resem
blance to the subject of the former divis
ion whatever it being the right of Con
gress to legislate upon the subject of sla-
very in the territories, and the views ot
Missouri thereupon. Where then is the
sense or the honesty in trying to drag' e
former quarrel into the present exciting
controversy ? It is a dernier resort of the
Journal to divert attention from the mon
strosities of its doctrines, and. bamboozle
some silly old man into the belief that Ben
too is good hard Democracy and all who
oppose him are "softs" that soft signifies
opposition to the true Democratic party or
the present day ; and it is enough to know
that without readme: or enquiring after
truth from himself. It believes that the
Hards had a majority in the State, and it is
only necessary to make it a hard and soft
controversy to insure success to its lord
and muter. Democrats are neither soft or
hard headed enough to believe the ravings
of the Journal without looking to facts for
The Journal's point upon which he harps
so much, U even as truthless as the issue
is false. We draw no line between men
to prove what.we say, though we could
I it . ?M i A nt..ili.tm!Bir mvm
dances, but content ourselves oy mention
ins the names of two counties.' In Marion
and Howard, where scarce a baker's dozen
of softs could be found in '44, now scarcely
that nnmber of Democrats are to be found
(a tolerate the odious anneal Of Benton,
while his strongest support if drawn irom
- 7 . . .
counties where solium Bourisnea most.
. Senator Benton will speak at
Troy on Tuesday
Bowlins Green. Wednesday " 24
New London, Thursday " 25
Hannibal, Friday 2 ' 26
At lo'clock of each day.
From oar Extra of Monday.
... , COL. BEXTOX Ef FIXE.
On Wednesday, CoL Beaton is to address
the citixecs of Pike. It is done in the
regular order of a systematic tour of the
'State, entered upon to fortify his new posi-
i . ' ., 1 , ,
tion before the people, and to sustain his
Northern appeal. He has now canvassed
a large portion of the counties of the State,
and will continue to do so, until called
hence, at the meeting of Congress. " His
speeches made at various parts of the State
have been printed in the public journals,
and also replies by distinguished Demo
cratic speakers. . Col. Benton is now in
open war with the great body of the De
mocracy of Missouri "in the very teeth,"
(in the language of the Washington Union)
of the Democratic party of the nation, and
in juxtaposition to his former course upon
the question of slavery. It is denied by
some that Cbh Benton ha changed. We
(Jo not wisK 'to "be severe upon men who
make these assertions, but desire to reason
together, end let harmony pervade our
ranks. We know that our movements are
scrutinized and our dissensions magnified by
our common enemies, the Whigs, who ap
ply the torch to angry passions in order to
build up their oft' repudiated and exploded
doctrines. We therefore appeal to every
Democrat in Pike. yea. Missouri, who'
would see the principles of Democracy tri
umphant, to lay aside all passion, and lend
his ear io reasoa. Thomat H. Benton hat
deserted the principles of hie party, and it
directly tn the teeth of hu former speeches
In proof of which, we ask you to read the feJ-
lowim? extract froee a speech made by him inl
the Senate in 1830, in reply to Mr. Webater on
the resolution of Mr. Foot e, and then go to Bow
inz-Gretn aad bear him now. A more extend
ed extract can be found in the Banner of the 24th
of September last.
"Yes, sir, slavery as it is, and as H exutt
among u, would have fewer advocates if those
who hava nothing to do wun it. would let It
alone. . A gtogrwfkictd party, and chief y m po
liiical cute, art inetttanlly at work po Mil
tubjtd. Tkur operations pervade tka Statu, m-!
trude vdoJAit chamber, ditplay ihtmttlvts in in
nvmtrabU fornt, and the thickening of the eigne
forthcoming of torn txhrrordinary
event." UI f-ret that thit tvbjtrt w
to pet a great part ta the future poiuxc of the
country, that dittos made on of the ur
mtmlrafmilutmumlaMM mutvemuainot for divid
ing nW Union eamethina, more practicable and.
more damnable than Mat."
Men of Pike ! of Missouri, go to his pub
ic eppoistments and hear for yourselves
Hold this extract In your hands and see if
he talks in '49 as be did in '30. Then it
was he could see a "geographical party"
"incessantly at work upon the subject,"
could see their operation "pervade the
States," end in the Senate Chamber dis
playing themselves in innumerable forms,
end in his judgment, "the signs announced
the forthcoming of some extraordinary
event, something more damnable than the
dissolution' tf the Union.' This language
is his, end he dare not deny it. But now,
my countrymen, what a change has come
over the spirit of his dreams. The Free
soil and Abolition parties of the North are
synonymous, they vote for the same men
3 t- 1 .V4 1 411
ana uivb crown uikiiit in uuuiucr. an
who oppose them with the same argu
ments, are now denounced as "alarmists,"
"nullifierl," and "disunionists."
You will hear him make a labored argument
in defence' of the North and against the South.'
He will cite you to the Platte Purchase, to Flori
da and to Texas riave- territory to prove to
you that the North ha been liberal in her votes
to the South.. We all know how much we are
indebted f o BcBTOir for those acquisitions. He
will denounce i the' resolutive of the Legislature
"disutuonV? ".nullification." and "high treason
in their tehdericy,'' and say they were "hnidw
lently smugejttd through at the eleventh hour to
prevent debate: Every one knows that the sub
ject was before the Legislature nearly the whole
session. He will next denounce the meetings of I
the people that endorse them, as a trap of the
disunionittir The first meeting of the kind was
held in Pike and met the approbation of the whole
people, who wfll scorn the charge of dievnion-
ists. There are noduumonists in Pike or Mis
souri. Finally, he will mount the Calhoun bob
by, and with a Quixotic charge demolish the
wind-miQ (hat haunts bis imagination by day and:
by night. Hem teach him that we are yet a
band of brothers, while he himself fa in open
war with all such good men of the North as Cass,
Buchanan, Woodbury, Dallas, Douglass, fceJ
Jm. ' His speech will be a repetition of all the
bitterness be has said of his old sunnorters
throughout the State, with little amendment.
We have beard htm once, and advise everv rea-
dor to go ana ao uxewise
, 11 ! - .
Caldwell County. At a meeting of the
citizens of Caldwell, called to give an ex
pression'of opinion upon the appeal of Col.
Benton, they decided against said appeal by
a rote of more tban two to one.
Canada. The papers in Canada and the
eastern citiat of this Union, are discussing
.i a! n
er Canada have issued a "declaration" in
favor of the measure, among whom are
said to be hundreds of the most influential
merchants of Montreal, together with many
of the most important landholders and pro
fessional men, including two members of
Pailiament, and the Queen's court. Gen.
Scott, we believe, claims that capitaPin the
Union as his thunder. '
In commenting upon such an "improba
ble" event, the SL Louis Republican
"would like to know what is to become of
the thousands of slaves who have run away
from their masters in this country and are
there enjoying the rights of British citizens.
Will they be acknowledged af citizens of
the United States, in all re'pects whatever?
or, will they be subject to capture by their
owners, and a return to servitude, under
the Constitution and laws of this country,
as they now exist." As the above inqui
ries appear to be propounded by one seek
ing correct information and as that infor
mation will probably influence the future
conduct of the Republican, and finding
ourselves the source addressed, we will en
gage to give the'desired informetion, pro
vided, the editor will tell us in one corner
of hie paper whether he is really for re
capturing them niggers or not t
Correspondence of the Banner.
St. Louis, Friday, Oct. 19th, 1849.
Mr. MeaaaVd Senator Benton addressed an
audience of many hundreds at tie door of the
Court House in this eity on yesterday. His
speech was a repetition of the twaddle contained
in bis harangues at other places, and ae played
the buIMmr blackeuard as usual bv the emnlov
ment of vulgar and opprobioua epithets against
moaewnu constituents wnoaare to say l nomas
H. Benton is not Mahomet. He was in the midst
of his own people, addressing; them upon his
"appeal" to them from the instructions of their
own legtsiature, wnen a euizen wno nas oecn
intimate with bim from childhood, took the liber
tv to ask him in writing if he would vote toad-
nut Caluonua into tne union as a slave owe,
provided the people there applied for admission
as a Oiaie inio we union. iiuonDawun wu
reauested bv Col. Ferdinand Kennet.late Presi.
dent of the Bank of the State of Missouri, to
hand the question, which was in writing, to Mr.
Benton. Benton scornfully threw the paper into
the air, and refused to give any answer whatever
At eandlelighting there was a meeting of those
opposed to the "appeal" of Mr. Bent mi held at
the Court House. The Hon. James H. Birch
made, a speech, and the Hon. James S. Green
waa proceeding- to speak, in. obedience to a call
of the meeting, when the committee appointed
to draft resolutions reported. The resolutions
were severe upon Matter Uenton, and his toadies
in this city attempted to defeat action nponthem.
John M. Winter, late Postmaster of this city.
and Col. Brant, who wu someyears since chart
ed with handling: Government funds with great
facility, Thomas L. Price, Lieut. Governor ofj
the Rtate of Missouri, were prominent The
question was put upon the adoption or the reso
lutions, and carried affirmatively witn round upon
round or applause. Mr. Blennerhasset, an old
Soft in 1844, and who has been pretending while
among the opponents of Benton that he wu op
posed to him, contributed all he could to pro
duce discord and prevent Mr. Green being lis-!
taned to by the audience, which created the most
intense excitement I ever witnessed, breams,
groans, whistling, stamping, beating with sticks,
&e., &c., were resorted to by the friends of Mr.
Benton to prevent Mr. Green being heard by the
people, because he dared to differ from and op
pose the views of our modern Nero. Green
stood hi ground like a man, and in defiance ot'
the bellowing and roaring of Benton's calves in
this city, he gave the old tyrant a mmt admira
ble eutigation. He wu bold, fearless, and un
sparing in his denunciations of Benton, and the
friends of sound government were signally vic
torious even here in the very home, or rather,
the place which once wu the home or Thomas
I have mueh to"say, but having only a pencil
to scribble with, I fear you will not be able to
make out what I have now written, so I will
defer more until I aee you.
Yours, sen . - . - a. v.
Hear what the New York Sun, a neu
tral paper, says of this anti-republican ten
dency or our government, under the pres
ent administration :
"Our government appears to understand
everything but. attending to the works and
interests or the people. . it can roio its
arms and see Hungary blotted from the list
of nation it can dog the brave spirits who
seek to aid republicanism on this hemis
phere it can leave American citizens to
be massaered oa our frontiers by ruthless
savages, but it ean do nothing to promote
the liberty and glory of the natba. What
is the reason ? Is it imbecility or weak
nessis it blindness or determined policy?
California exists without government ; our
frontiers are ravaged for months, and the
administration of Zachary Taylor is silent!
and idle. Was it for this the people cast
off party bonds and elected him? Was it
simply to sweeir the offices of the nation
that he eama into power jupon pledges to
servo the people ? We had thought differ
ently, but we cannot shut our eyes to facts
facta which sneak louder' than pledges.
How long must this state of things last f
must it be until the people rise again at the
ballot box in vindication of their freedom,
their interests and rights."
tne propriety oi in. iut WMk" FuUjp tha following
to the United States. The people of Iw,M0jtlBentg were made t -' ,.
STATION OF PREACHSS
Atthe .Missouri Ant nal Conference of
the Methodist Episeopal Church South, ia
5. Charles District W. Redman,
P. E St Charles Circuit, James M. Green
end Wt A Mshew ; WsrrsntrH do., Daniel'
T. Sberma J Danville do., Daniel- Pennyj
Portland do., B. S. Ash by ; Fulton do. C
J. Vandiventerf Mexico Mission, Jacob
McDaniel New London do., Wat D Cox
Louisiana Circuit, . Isaac Ebberf .and,
Coke; Auburn Circuit, Jesse ' Sutton..' v
Columbia District A. M oseox, P. . j
Columbia Cireait, P. M. Finkard, one to
be suppled ; Fayatte ' do., B H. Spencer
and W. T. Ellington , Glargow Station,
William Holmes ; Brunswick do., R. P.
Holt ; Keytesviville Circuit,; J. F. Rigss.j
Hunts villa do to be supplied J Pefs do.
A. E. Sears. ' ' ; ' - -
Pkhmond District H. B6W. P. E i
Richmond Circuit, Joseph Devlin, and R.
C. Hatten; Carrolton dh RR.-Dmlap5
Liberty do., Z. tt. Robberts ; JtfaJJtfi
Barker: Cravens villa do, Js JJ.Calle
waw and Saxton . Trenton do.,- W." E
Ddckery; Milan Mission, Li " W. Moore J
Putmansvilie do.., W. Sutton ; Linneas deV
R. Minihall. '
Weston District Pattoh, P- E :
Platte City Circuit, J. W. Ellis;-Weston
Station, M. Jamison ; St. Joseph do', W.
M. R-uli: Savannah do., J. A. Tutt; Ore-
gou Mission, W Ketron end J. B, Keaa ;
Maysville do., W. Shaw ; PlatUburg Cir
cuit, E. Robinson. ..?'
Hannibal DitrutJ. Lahivs, P. E J
Hannibal Station, W G. Crples; Palmyra
do , Joseph Cotton ; Hydesbnrg CifCnit,.
George Smith ; Monticello do., lv M,-Jar-L
vin and Wood; Alexander do., H.M.
Turner; Memphis Mission, A. Spencer,
Edine Cireait, H. W. Perry ; Bloemingtoa
do W. Toole : Shelby ville dou J. A. light.
R. Bond,-Agent for American Bible So
K. H. oanoK, left without eppolbtarvnt
on account of family affliction. ; v M
u. U. Light, permitted to travel for tb
benefit of his health. " - - . ... j-..-,. . . ,
The vTonderfnl Kt v frran- lb radii
Movements ur- Caufobxia Paocatss or rax
Gou Dice ess With the arrival of the Empire
City from Citaeres, have ene.monife later iuarl-
liRenee from Caliionua. The ei txbiMIs tbe
progress of tbe eoootry in a most gratifying Qgbt.
Within a few year, an nnkon rtcVon, visiled
only by the mountain trappers, 'or a' occasional
wbaluig vessel, or aatioaal cruiser. Tor wood and
water, has bee explored, roequrred, eoioaisedv
and is rising rapidly to the dignity of an indepen
dent Slate, with all the fiemeni, implrmeett axd
iuslitnlioo of a elribsed and r I ovd people.. If
tbedisenrrries of goM bavraiieeeood the wtahb of
uoicowia, or rabaions- ncbe Ml Jhe eave or .
Monte Christo, tbe seiiKanratel the fcmtnry,
its nnparallek-d progra in social, pbrttesl ad re
ligious aeieaoa, have been eenally surprUiog aod
delightful. With adrentares fn-m. all naliosu, in
chiding all sorU of cbaraeters awd eeslvaner.
thrown into a country withnut government ana
without society, sntd far removed from the re
ltrsJnts of civilised life, 11 was total to Mippo
that scenes of disorder, eoafiuioa and blood, mast
invitably ensue- AH such forebodings ore put to
flight. Order and industry, enterprise, polities, re
Iigiao, and gold digging, are all going prosper
The statbties'ol the gold reel stagger nr ere-
duty. One hundred and fifty vessels are reportt d
as lying In the hatbor m San Frarctaeo, tncindiag
the U. Sqnadron, under Com. Jones i while eocno
fifty merchant craft are distributed at tb new porta
of Bentcia, Sacrameuto City, Stockton, and New
York, located only the other day. Some forty aa
vesel are lyiog on tbo Sacramento and Joaquin.
Numerous improvements are underway 4m San
Francisco, such aa wharves, piers, bowling alleys,
a merchants' exchange and a theatre. .Bat the
most glorious example of the commercial empori
um, is in the prosperity of tbe church. It baa six
churches of six dinVren, denominations. .
But next to tbe prsperity Ttne emrreb, fa tbe
progress of the people in politico! seicaao. They
have emPed a convention, and have doubtless, ere
this, organised a State government end a State
constitution ; and oa some day, early m tbe
coming session, we may expect to have amossbe
for tho Honse, and two Senator from California
introduced into tbo eapitol (Nam Ynf X JleraJd. .
In 1847. the Louisville' Democrat-could
say that Gen. Taylor's military course, had
been glorious and honoTMe.-rZovisviUe
Journal. j i '
And at the same time PrenUse .oeoeun-
cad Taylor and his gallant army as being
engaged in an'tiA tearanar agavttt
God f' Lou. Democrat. - .
The "Picayune" says, looking on the map
of North America, the Gulf of' Mexico
seems like tbe mouth of the United States
opened wide, with Cuba between the jaws,
just ready to be swallowed down the throat
of Uncle sam. -
Young men, the nights are beginning to
lengthen bow, and the long interval between
sundown and bed time offers a capital sea
ion for increasing your stoek of knowledge.
Improve the ehanee, hoy, one and aK or
soon the occasion aqd the dltpesUraa for
study win both hava Iowa forever.;,' By end
by old ege will eome aad thea now deplo
rable the life dragged out by an old
whose gratifications are solely derived from
those sensual appetites which time : las
blunted, or from those' frivial epusemenrj
which youth only can reliant A word "to
thewise,&c. : ;V
' the salaries or f ve clerks of the iJistrtct Court
of New Orleans, under the -new eonatitgaW, are
$50,000 a year or $1000 aoaoally te eaAeJeta.
. j-.. v -U 9- n
Married naonla abaold smdv aneK alaara weak
Mints, aa skaters look oat for tbe weak parts la tie)