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obstacle to Mr. Calhoun's scheme of a
-Southern Confederacy." .. .
..Thip if another evidence of the extreme
, delicacy and retiring modesty of the distin
pushed Senator. He the natural enemv of .11
rotten poutiouns I 11 me Union or these tniriy:;,r " - j -
.States can be dissolved by Mr. Calhoun, now information. 'And yet, strange to say, lie
' fiis old age, or alone, be preserved by our old presumes himself the epitome of mtelh-
Senstor, then indeed are the bonds which binds! eence and morality ! Such is his ostenta-
it tcether rotten, and the Union not worth pre-
crying. - om wun ail aue respeci lor me pow
era ef both those distinguished gentlemen, 1 must
be permitted to doubt, whether the Union of these
etates, or the dissolution or the Union depends
upon either of them. ' '
. Oar old Senator overestimates his importance.
Let him be withdrawn from the Senate, and his
absence will scarcely be known to the Nation.
, This cry of conspiracy is "a wolf howl," rained
to draw off the attention of the people ofMissuri,
' from the true issue. Your Senator denies the
right of the General Assembly to instruct him
and sets their instructions at defiance. This he
' denominates 'an appeal to the people, the whole
' people,' and yet refuses to answer whether he is
for or against certain measures, which it is tni-
tanal to know in the determination of his "ap
peal." Instructions to vote agminst the r-.nc-
tion of slavery in the Territories of the United
states, and to austain the principles oi the Mis
Bouri Compromise, he calls a conspiracy to dis
solve the Union.
- Be says that the State is to be carried against
him "by means of a lie and a scarecrow, an abo-
uuon ne ana a mimoi rroviso scarecrow.
If this be so then he has adopted an ingenious
and appropriate defence a disunion lie and
Nullification scarecrow. The Senator further
ays that "they (hia colleagues) go beyond po-
uwu wumoeiiy ana use language wmcn impuc
re sestiw net merely ror political out my personal
' degradation and destruction." "
., - For myself, I assure the Honorable Senator,
.that I desire neither his personal degradation or
destruction, but I dp desire to see him rdieved.
..from further public service; and that he be per
mitted to retire and spend the remainder of his
days in peace and quiet. Let him write "for the
', benefit of posterity a history of his own life
and times. Mf. Calhoun's Nullification, plot
and treasonable' conspiracies, will furnish a
"pleasing and taexaustible theme for the exercise
cfhis pen.' '
It is a subteiet no doubt of nnblie reeret. that
the Honorable Senator waa "balked" in not be
ing able to accept the honorable invitation of the
Mercantile Library association of Boston, and
the opportunity which was lost, in that great seat
.of learning and commerce, to do something to--wards
helping alone with that srreat road, which
Is to make the centre of our Union, the centre of
the Commercial world. Tht cmspvrators,
.barbarous as they are, could not hsve foreseen
the resalt or thev would have rrovided a gainst
it for the loss of the Alexandrian Library, so
long and so deeply deplored by the Literary
world, was small indeed compared to this.
t i & ;V . , .i . D. JL ATCHISON.
r.: . i ;i
' -i l;Fc.t . ; From the Missouri Courier.
Jbsasl OJBLoe stf Falmyrav Lord Malum
4,' We havsbeen writing for the last four months
. against this afficiat functionary prefering heinous
and disgraceful allegations, not one of which has
Lean denied until within the last few day a. And
.why has this charge been controverted in pre
ference to any other? Because oi lis normnyr
Na but because of its direct application to his
'recent official acts, and if true would warrant the
Senate of the United States in refusing to con
Arm hia 'appointment Such was our astot-ish--ment
on seeing an article in the "Mo. Whig."
copied From the uLomiana Record," and signed
."Justice." we exclaimed -mirabiU did."
..To think that a aane man would undertake to
defend Lord Mahan's character was prepoater
ous.. Hew does Justice propose to clear his
Lordshin of the Goodrich transsction? Doea he
- prove that Goodrioh misstated the particular?
Does he deny the. charge that Mahan, by low,
"dirty tricks, prevented Goodrich from selling his
warrant? He dare not denv that Mahan did de
fraud the government out of twenty-five dollars.
Why has Justice published his puerile defence
3a a taper remote horn the place where all the
Cuts are known? Became his affinity to the
-warty waa of such a character the article could
-do aearood unless it came torn a distance, and
then H would be presumptive evidence that it
emanated from a just and disinterested person,
fjustiee says 'Mahan ia either guilty, or he is
sot guilty if he is guilty, he should suffer, if he
Is' not. Citizen' should feel the penalty of the
law. This is the argument of this man Justice.'
and ia or .opinion it leaves Mahan about where
M found him in the depths of official degrada-
r . Jastioe intimates that the public baa less to
Jear tVen Mahan than some of his predecessors,
if he sseans to sav that CoL B. Davie was not a
vosi excellent officer, be intended to tell a felse
koacL. Both whig end democrats agree that be
was wne of the best officers we have ever had at
this place. But with Mahan it is different ; all
.parties conclude that he is both ignorant, dishon
est and a bad officer.
We hive not written against Mahan like he
.wrote against hia predecessor, tn gratify personal
, feelings.; He commenced slandering Col. Davies
M the people of the land district, immediately he
etiMMsaeeion of the office. . He wrote to the
idepartment of the General Land Office, in six
days aAar he received his commission, saying
; many thing that were not (bunded in truth, and
.they had the' magnanimity to forward Col. D- a
eopy ef Mahan'a, letter, sooner had he read
. tU.tha like an honest man, conscious of his own
manly reding, he repaired to the office, taking
'witli hbn auch men as ; Kihby, : Msi. Blakey
iand Ifr. Valiant ; acquainted Mahan he bad base-
IVEWeesented him Ur the Department, and
'Aeaanded the privilege of searching for papers
. thai tsv Mahan) had written te the department
, werr tjstlbe found in the office, i .This waa re
tased .'feim. aai he Own resolved to search at all
fcezaraavA He enened the ease where the corres-
jedeee of the effiee had been kept for twenty
'y ttfsvand there bund, in' an instant; all the pa-
farftlrtt If ansa Twd arrlttea were ImU, Imma
ifiiyCsrtas, opened the ease, Mahan knew he
was (6sftrdr sad maHed iote tears said he was
..C.J t tmmm. In tu.f HWlMlf
MUeest, aaJ f&etKe had srrittea (alseUodtothe
eaiOstfte bad written falsebeed to toe
it$SttmJQX h&u(&ftoxhtt tbUrjn may be, traced manylhaipfsstBecwpirga'noprty,,Preiidentr
.... . . i
I done hi predecessor.
This is no hatched story against this offi
cial, oa account of his being the functiona-
Tv angnoran exec.,, om
. i . .i.r- ,i i ....
tion, he thinks himself better than his neigh
bors because, forsooth, he is an irregular
j dant 0f orj Mahan of England.
But we do not design writing Ins genealogy.
We care nothing about his noble or ignoble
blood, as "honor and shame fiom no condi
tion rise" in Democratic America. What
we complain of is relative to his official acts.
Thev need but to be told, to meet their cn-
demnation. We have assumed this as our
duty, and intend discharging it with truth
and soberness, deftine layiorism, rree-
tliB Lirieal deductions of
"Justice" to disprove one single charge
that has or will be made.
Public propriety has roen ontrag-d thr
PrU have l-m insulted and imposed upon
by this official upstart, and we think the ob
ligations every man owes to his country and
countrymen will justify us in complaining.
We will continue to show him up in his prop
er light, by giving publicity to his dishonor
able acts, as long as he remains in office
and we think this will not be long, for the
Senate must reject his appointment, ;f they
heed the voice of the people. In conclu
We chanre Mahan. in the name of the
government, with having exacted illegal
feet in less than two months after he got
possession of the office.
We charge him with having exacted of a
poor soldier, or the patentee of a land war
rant, one dollar and a half, when the law
expressly forbids him to take one dime. ,
We charere him with having done the gov
ernment and private individuals, great in
justice, to gratify the ruling passion of his
We charge him with having slandered his
predecessor to the department, knowingly
and wilfully, and with a malicious and two
fold desien first, to elevate himself with
the department, and secondly, to stab his
predecessors private and official character.
We charge him with having acknowl
edged, in the presence of honorable gentle
men, that he did write a falsehood to the de
partment of the General Land Office upon
his predecessor; and in the name of right
and jnstice, we charge all this villainty upon
James F. Mahan, as Register of Public
Lands at Palmyra.
Our readers: what do we want to con
stitute an official misdemeanor? We want
nothing.' . What do we want to convict him
of eroat crimes? Wa want a tribunal of
patriotic Senators. Therefore we impeach
him in the name of Taylorism, whose char
acter he has dishonored.
Palmyra, Nov. 4th, 49.
LATE FROM CALIFORNIA.
From the New Orleans Piesynne af the 7th.
ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP FALCON.
By the arrival here yesterday of the steam
ship Falcon, Lieut. N J. Hartstein. U. S. N.,
Commander, from Chagres the 30th nit., we
have received the San Francisco Alta Cali
fornia to the the 20th September.
The Falcon arrived at Chagres from Ha
vana on the 30th tilt., and left the same night
for this port. ' She brings three passengers,
and $19,200 in gold dust, consigned to the
commercial hoiiss of Manusrl W hite & Co.
The Empire City for New York, end the
Alabama for New Orleans, Left Chagres on
the 20th ult., each of them hvingthe mail
for her destined port. This arrangement
was owing to the mail agent wfio accompa
nied the letters from California. ' Grt at
complaints, we are informed, are made a
hout the mismanagement of the mails on the
The steamship Oregon arrived at Panama
on the 23d ult., from San Francisco, and
was to leave again for the latter named port
on the 7th lost. She brought from Califor
nia three hundred passengers and $700,000
in gold dust.
- The Hon. T. Butler Kine, we learn, was
to leave San Franciseo for the States in
the steamer appointed to sail thence on the
The convention at Monterey for forming a
State constitution was in regular session at
Disco vksy or a Veih of Gold. We take
tie following from the Alta California, of
the 13th Sept.:
Col. J. C. Fremont has denounced a tract
of land lying oo the Mariposa river, about
forty miles from the San Joaquin, upon
which oas recently been discovered an ex
ceedingly rich vein of gold. The Mariposa
(for Butterfly) river, was a few months
since visited by party conducted by this
eminent explorer, and washings established
along the stream.' The land occupied by
this party was conveyed to the Colonel in
1846, and the mines thereupon having been
regularly denounced, according to the Mex
ican 'law, measures have been taken to
work them. The vein is about two feet in
thickness at the surface end is found in the
usual Strata of quartz. ' The yield it about
eight ounces ef gold to 100 pounds of reek."
A specimen was exhibited at this office a
few days since, together with a mass of gold
extracted by quicksilver, weighing about
threw ounces-.; .There is everv feasants be-
iare ounces. . mere is every feasants be
PtentiaH promised 10 repair me injury nenau
leagues in extent, and be found of uninter
rupted richness, t he gold mines ot Call
fornia are now in reality discovered I f
The influx of population into the golden
region is going on at, an accelerated pace.
The Alta California says: ;
: About 30,000 persons, mostly young men,
compose the overland emigration this year.
A portion of this body is already in the
country, and parlies are nearly every day
arriving. Captain R. Owen, who piloted
a comnanv across the country by the Santa
Fo route, diverging to the northern road,
crossing the Sierra Nevada, and entering
California near Johnson's rancho, reports
the emigration in an unusually forward
state, with provisions plenty and to spare.
The grass along the road had been abun
dant, and but in one place was it believed a
scarcity of food for stock would be encoun
tered. This was above the sink of M fry's
river, ant&here, by abandoning the road, a
subsistence could be procured.
In reference to the overland emigration,
the Alta California remarks :
It is necessary that we should atate, in
order to relieve anxieties and allay the fears
which have been but unduly created, re
garding the general prosperity of the over
land emigration this year, that latest ac
counts are highly encouraging, and repre
sent the entire body fully five weeks earlier
than the emigration of any former year.
We deem this statement but ivst, in view
of the wrong impression which has gone
abroad, and which exists even to the pres
ent time te a great extent in this place.
The friends of emigrating parties, residing
in the Mal8, may rest assured of the gen
eral safety of all, and that aside from the
oidinary fatigue and privations of the jour
ney, no suffering has as yet been ' experi
enced. The followhg obituary notices we take
from the Alta California of the 13th of Sep
On Sunday morning last, after an illness
of two weeks, Chester Inge r sol, native of
At Sacramento City, on the 1st inst. Col.
Henry Helm, late of Cincinnati, Ohio, aged
And the subjoined from that paper of the
At Mercedes Dieeins, on the 6th irst.,
Hrnrv Orville Comstock,of Shelburn,Vt.,
aged 23 years.
On Wednesday, IStIi inst., at the United
States Hotel, in this place, of diarthcea,
Henry S. Pearson, printer, aged about 33
years, a native of Philadelphia.
Married, on the 13th arptember, at me
house of the bridegroom, by' the Rev. Dr.
Mines, of the Church of the Holy Trinity,
San Francisco, Edward Wehler, Esq., mer
chant, to Miss Mine Sauer, all of San Fran
cisco. The bark Tauro, Cant. Low, 214 days
faom New Orleans, with forty-sevm pas
sengers on board, arrived at San Francisco
on the 7th of Srptrmber.
The I. O. O. F. were about to establish
a lodge in San Francisco.
The Government Postoffice at San Fran
cisco is represented to be in 'most admira
ble confusion." The Placer Times of the
1st Sept. says:
Somewhat less than ten Postmasters have
been appointed in as many weeks succeed
ing each other with a rapidity p ruliar to
the lively state of affairs in California. A
Postmaster i sent to San Francisco with a
salary of 4 2.000, when at the same time the
Postmaster General knew, or should have
known, that such pay would scarcely furn
ish clean linen for the incumbent. By the
last mail from San Francisco not a single
letter was there re-mailed for our Postoffice,
though though the Postmaster here has for
warded to the office below upward of 2,400
names, and has done all to insure the spee
dy forwarding of letters to his office only
the letters originally directed to this point
came. We huve now a population, in this
vicinity and at the neighboring mines, of at
least seventeen or eighteen thousand souls,
all anxHusly looking fr letters through the
The American ship Flavins, Captain
Cook, 166 days from New York, eighty-
seven passengers, arrived at San Francis
co on the 50 th September. The crew were
iq a state of mutiny and were transferred to
the U. S. ship Savanah
By Telegraph for the Republican. ,
Holly Sfrihcs, Nov. 15,
. Quitman is elected Governor by, from
eight to ten thousand majority over Lea.
The democrats have carried all four cf the
Congressional districts The legislature is
strongly democratic. Miller, whig has been
elected Judge of this judicial district over
J?" A fire occurred in St. Louis on the
morning of the 10th, which entirely con
sumed the extensive white lead, castor and
llinserdoil and vinegar manufactory of Mr.
Henry 1 , Blow, situated on the corner of
Tenth street and Clark avenue. The loss
is estimated at $1UU,UUU about halt ol
which is covered bv insurance in offices out
l.f Hiat oilw
.' . , ..' ' I'll. I II. ; : . :
. . Thru cheers for Iks Jkmocrwy of Mississippi!
A Democratic Governor, Legislature and a
full delegation in Congress, which is a gain of
one member. In the third, district. Mo Willie,
democrat, is elected by about 600 majority, which
waa represented in we Isst tangre by ibomp-
kins. whig, i Gen. Tavlor will be riant after alL
E. Cfc & VMURRAX Editors.
jaoJTDAY MORMJfG?jror. 19. 1849.
0"We publish on the firrt side of this
paper the dignified and manly reply of Nen
ator Atchison to the assaults of Col. Ben
ton, made through the Boonville Democrat
We have no room tor extended comment.
nor need we make them if we had.. The
language of Atchison will explain itself
A beautiful field is presented, however, in
contrasting . the language of the Senators
of Missouri we said Senators of Missouri,
but Missouri has but one. Senator, No one
with ordinary understanding can read Atcli
ison's reply and Benton's assault, or hear
their speeches, without knowing that Atclu
son's heart beats in sympathy with the State
that supports him while Benton's is con
gealed to the Worth. ....
We hope that every democrat and whig
will read Atchison's address, and ponder
J '. 1
liumi us iruius, ior no onn can oo ii, ana
doubt the sincerity of the writer, or dis
prove his stubborn facts.
21s The Committee appointed at the St.
Louis Convention to draft an Address to the
people of the United States, and to urge
their co-operation in procuring such actioi
on the part of Congress as may be necessa
ry to carry out the views of the Convention,1
in the fulfillment of their duties, have pre
pared and published an able and spirited
article, urging the importance and practicability-of
the road, and the necessity of im
mediate action by Congress.
H?" We neglected to notice in our last,
the change which has taken place in the ed
itorial department of the Record." Mr.
A. J. Howe has assumed the labors of the
post, and we wish him success in every menced by. stating that a written question
thing, but the advancement of Whiggery iii;. ... . , . ...
our section. W henever he becomes too ob
streperous in the furtherance of the cause,
we shall certainly get after him "with
S3" We cheerfully copy from the Hanni
bal Courier the reply of "Citizen" to the
icnnrant and gratuitous defence by "Jus
tice," of the 44 Rcor," of the notorious
"Lord Mahan," the Register of the Land
Office at Palmyra. We think that "Citixeii"
is in error as to the orate of Justice.' We
can guess his name and occupation the very
first gness, even when he petigogued and
petifogged in, Marion county, as he now
does in a city not-one - hundred milei from
this place. We told Jastiee' wlren we first
saw his piece, under the charges of 'Citi
zen, that Mahan would pray to be delivered
from the hands of 'Justice.' ' '
2 Col. Benton after leaving Northeast
Missouri, dropped South, to Ste. Gene
vieve and Jackson, in Cape Girardeau Co.,
where be made speechess to large assem
blies, and was replied to at the former place
by Col. B"cy, and at the latter by Gen. En
glish. . Accounts, through both whig and
enr in stating that Cnl.ntnn made no!1 ,,,e time of U P"" t this act, and
friends in the Southeast. The torrent of Southern statesmen acting in i good faithi as
oppngitinn to his treacherous and tyrannical
course sweeps on with unbated fury. We
are satisfied Missouri is true to lirrself and
her Legislature, and Col. Benton is as dead
ss a pickled mackerel. - -
2?" There is a little fussy sheet, published
in the town of Independence, on the fron
tier of this State, called the "Western Ex
positor," with which we have exchanged,
through courtesy to the backwoods editor
(for its location and the mails are sucl
we have never received a single line of neto
from this paper) that has been blowing all
the summer about changing the weakly ex
positor to the Semi- Weakly Commonwealth.
The alleged last number of the Expositor
has come to onr tabl several times, till the
last, more sanguine of the success of the en
terprise, contains a notice to proscribed ex
changes, marked, t us to the effect that the
Commonwealth will cost -14, and local pa
pers of less value must pay the difference
or send them four subscribers. . .Now, the
latter alternative is impossible with us, if
we exhibit the specimens we have, end first,
we do not choose to aocept no, sir-ee .'
An exchange with the Commonwealth is no
accommodation to the Banner, that is in
weekly, semi weekly and tri-weekly ex
change with the Boston Post, Washington
Union, Loqisvile Democrat, and scores of
others tlte best in the Union. Please set
the tune. -
A Nxw Parxa. We see from a prospec
tus published in the.St. Louis papers, that
a new paper is soon tp be established in that
city, to be called the at lotn$ jnteuigen
cer. It is to be conducted under theedito
rial management pi J-. "wroclcet, .., ot
that city, and published by x eatman, Kant
sey & Co. The first number will be issued
the first of January next, in politics the
Intelligencer, we presume, will be thorough
lywhig. : ,';.:..i X', ' '.
"JAB of the Delegates in Congress from
Missouri, ' We believe, have left the SUte for
Washington City. Congress assembles on the
1st Monday in December, and a highly 'excJtingj
ana inieresnne session .m. anucipaica.. . juay
their deliberations redound to the glory ofhe
pleasure of eariqg .the; speec.b, Genet al
Atchison, delird Jo, tba -court Jhouse 1
Bowling Greenland we. can trolj faf
have scarcelyWer heard
and ,e ffeetiveffort upon any ubjectA
Though Atcbuoninay ot eTrJoy-tJrapa
tatibn enjoyed by tone others ts 1MB tftt't
yet, in our Opinion,, be men o&irjrft&fc
fame surpasses his own, Hif eojfaeiiaji
is clear and distinct, hia argumentecg&t
and connected, his reasoning pjawaadijoj-
ical, his manner eaiy and enegeefedV aWd
above all be tarries in an 'open and trnd'Si
guised appearance,, the. unmjstakabie sigps
or an tionesty of, heart, and pur i yrof sopj.
Ne one can sea him -and eodverasr with iim
without unconscioBsly admiring" afarfajg
hts magnanimity and candor." 1 Free, nom
the curse of vanity and s tenia tion, aeeaf.
sible to every cilizenandf be cheerful ecp.
paoion of every respectable fre emaot.Uts
Commonwealth who fall-la hiaeesjepaay?.
le is emphatically the man who merits'thej
confidence, of those who lore our, inslila.
tions'fur their purity and' simplicity... It if
such men as these, to whose efforts we mast
ouk in future times for the pmervatioM if
our institutions against the shrewd anddev
signing demagogue, wKdjaimr aVlheir e
version as well as against the iojfdencee of
pampered, bloated, and corraptad.arif tee
racy.. U . '! -"S ris. Jj3
Having been introduced to the audiettew
by Capt. Givens, of this county, Gen. Atch
ison after speaking of the letter of invita
tion to him fiom our citizens, and bis plea,
sure in being able to visit our county, eoo-
had just been placed in hands by. one' of
his fellow-citirens, which he would reed
and then answer,. He said he recognised
in every freeman ef the State the right to
interrogate him, in regard to questions of
public policy, and felt his duty, when re
spectfully interrogated, to return an explicit
and satisfactory answer, so far aa lay a hie
power. The; question proposed, desired
him to give his reasons for having intro
duced into the Senate,, in 1847, a bill estab
lishing a territorial government in Oregon,
containing me slavery restriction ciause---
He said he had introduced no such bill m
the year 1847,. and if so disposed, be might
here drop the question, but he desired that
all should understand him. He said that
fmm the time of the adoption of the Mis
souri Compromise in 1820, down to the ac
quisition of New Mexico and California in
1848, all jrne patriots and statesmen, both
North and South, were disposed to adhere
strictly to the provisions of that compro
mise., Oregon was a nart of our territory
acting in good
they had ever done on this qnestion, were
still willing to respect this compromise line.
and prior to the agitation of the , Wiknot
Pioviao, and the violation of the proviso by
the North, had always voted to restrict sla
very in territories north of that line, accord"
ing to the a reement therein made That
in 1843, and long before the commencement
of the war, at the conclusion of which we
obtained New Mexico and California, and
ong before the agitation of this slavery
question, and whilst the South was yainlv
flattering hrself that this dangerous que.
tion had been forever settled by the act of
1820, he introduced a . bill for the govern
ment .of Oregon containing the usual re
striction clause, found in all bills for terri
tory north of 36 deg. 30 mip. since the Mis
souri Compromise. : But in 1847 the ques
tion was different? the Warrant Prpvtsosd
been introduced, ard the North was clain-
ing the power to restrict slavery, hoth north
and south of that line, and by urging the Pro
viso had violated the compaet of 1820. ' That
he waa ready and willing, even now,' to fay
to zealous fanatics, whose sea) hat been a
curse to the country, let us cease this angry
contention, and bury . our strife Jipoo thn
peaceable platform of tha Missouri Cem
promise!- His explanation upon this point
was iuciu ana saiisiacorrt ne men pro
ceerted to make some remarks ooncerjung
Col.: Benton and his position before, buj.oon
stituents.. He said .that his colleague had
spoken of him in'the harshest and the nest
insulting terms, had frequently charged Ha
oeiore large enq respecioie niiqieac.wiui
falsehood, mtsrepresentatioav and lyiar-
He said that Benton's charges were Unfits
that had ever1 been n4i i against hrmj (rim
childhood np, and that he would srotsb
show 'that they had liS foundation tfl frnt?
Ye 1' doing to, W'iholof abMjt f3 .
in a'genUemsnU.'ahd oitriaduk"
thodsh the law of retaliation wtt&'ta
Toxnet, veaontnx aimsnsnop. .