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; DEMOCRATIC BANNER. ;
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jirtcaus. ' v. . robinsos;
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IT not paid within three months, - - - - 2 00
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Rates of Advertising.
"twelve lines or less, first insertion, ... 75
ach additional insertion, - - - - - 38
' Yearly and quarterly advertisements at reason
, JOB PBiarrrXG ofall kinds, done with
ncatess and despatch, cheap for cash.
- ' " ' agents for tbe Banner.
S. F. Murfay, Bowling Green.
- .John L. Triable, Spencerburg.
' Dr. John C. Welborn. Frankfort.
' : Dr. Nathan Vannoy, Vannoy 's Mill.
R. II.' Johnson, Ashley.
.-, . G. Minor, Prairieville. '
n-A M. Thomas, Paynes ville. '
.,- B. P. Cliflbrd and ) r. . .
. .CoL Jas. H. Britton, Troy.
" - Tally R. Cornick and r..
; ; John W. McKee, CP--Graj.
' Dr. -Win. "A. Nickliu ) v... u
and Ira T. Nelson, Ho
Dr. M. McFarland, Louisville. .
Robert J. Huston, Warrenton.
. Dr. V. B. Adams, Danville.
Col. William Priest, New London.
A. W. Lamb, Hannibal.
Col. Benjamin Davies, Palmyra.
: ; THE SPIRIT OF PEACE.
. Where hath the spirit of peace bis home?
Loves he o'er earth or ocean to roam?
He dwell in the deep sequestered glade.
Where-the lover's step hath a foo'psth made:
He lurks in the bowers where birds have sung
To (heir fluttering mates when the day was young;
By the river pool 'neatb the waterfall,
Where the rock-sprung trees have formed a pall,
Solemn and dark o'er the depth below,
And best befits its majestic flow,
Where hidden wild flowers srent the air
Be sure the spirit of peace is there.
By the summer's sun he loves to d ell,
And to note its crisped billows wclt,
Or to lint the music ocean make
When his wave the cavern's echo wakes;
Or to make each ship go proudly by,
Like a sea king in his panoply;
Or to reckon the snowy skiffs that swim,
Like ocean birds far olTaod dim.
Where the calm sea blends wiib the calmer air
The spirit of peace be sure is there. : : . .
Is the Highland vale, where the lake lies low,
Ehcirled by hili of lasting snow;
Where the streams that gladden the valley creep,
Murmuring through channels dark and deep;
Where the red deer stares from the forest forth,
Ere he bounds away to the trackless north;
Where primeval life with eager gaze
Looks out on the stranger who treads its ways;
Where the fond enthusiast lores to roam
There, there hath the spirit of peace his home.
In the woods at eve where the birds are still.
And nought i heard but the tiny rill,
Which noon and night make music sweet,
A it leaps its brother nil to meet;
Where nought is seen by the straining eye,
But the trees like spectres standing by
I have met with the woodsman's lowly cot,
Where f thought that the home of man was not;
I have heard his eveninc praise and prayer,
Aad fett that the spirit of peace was there.
Whejl the country lies in Sabbath rest, .
And the fields are in golden beauty drest;
When the church-belPs notes o'er the valley come,
Like the voiee of a father inviting borne;
When the aged man is thoughtful seen, .
Where the graves of his early friends lie green
Round the village church in many a heap,
Each with its tenant m slumber deep
Te that humble church in hope repair, -
And the spirit of peace shall meet you there.
Vi s- .For the Banner.
v THE CLAYTON COMPROMISE BILL. 1
Mcsirt j Editors : 'The amendment offer
ed by Baldwin, bf Connecticut, and voted
for by CoL Benton and no oilier sharehold
ing Senator is without apology, -excuse or
jastiucsuon, so jar as ne u concernea, ana
it .exhibits' his abolition sympathies in a
stronger light than a dozen votes for the
Wflmot Proviso could do. 'As I have be
fore stated, this amendment was altogether
unnecessary for the purpose of bringing up
' the constitutional question, whether slavery
can. exist in the' Territories of California
and New.Mexicobecause the bill already
contained ample' provision for that purpose
ly was this jin Jffhlch the compromise, in
part, consisted ; and inasmuch as the gen
eral Jaw in relation to appeals to the Su
preme Court did not permit this question to
be brought up, the bill was so framed to ob
viate this ditBcuHy.",' So that this amend
ment, could have been intended for bo otb
ei, object than 4o give freedom to the slave,
tinder the pretence of trying tht qtteitioHDB !Pc""J" ia
of hii right to freedom: One 'irould : sup
poie that the question,' hethe'r a party was
lav or a free man, could be determined
in tte ceurts pf pit T9tntot-Bi even if
P.P. 'K '? ne Jee?9,itipn n
jtytl jf.?e ?l ,ucn. iopin? Wto make
t,f roper to haye the opinion of theSwprme
iftJ?P4 SUtteii U would
sthjh5 matter might be safely ebtnuted
f6 the found judgment and dbcretion of the
attorney for the slave. But this would not gon from having slaves without the consent politics? Why Hot let it stand upon its own
effect the object. If the slave is not enti-W Congress and lastly, voting for this ob-jmerits? But, above all, why was not Ihi
tied to his freedem, according to the iaw'noxious provision, more obnoxious than alhjstartling proposition made in the outset?
and facts, the master must he harrassed and, which in effect would have deprived thej Why reserved till the present time,when
forced into his liberation, by making it ob- owner of his propeity without compensa-jthe societies and orders have been wonenTerritories. .. He
ligatery upon the District Attorney to tale'tlon, and if he should resist, bring lain to. to a considerable number of zealous mem:,nnageient of tl
the case to the Supreme Court, whether the
petitioner is in his opinion entitled to his
freedom or not. If "the court shall decide
"adversely to the application, or if relief
be denied to the applicant, on the ground
"that he is a slave 1ield in servitude in said And is tliere oneX his frrende, out of t lie
"Territory," the attorney' is required to 'rank of . the St. Louis abolitionists, that
take an appeal therefrom, and to give notice! would have given any of these four votes?
thereof to the Attorney General of the Uni-j
ted States. Officers of the General Gov-done o, certainly none others. His sup
ernment, officers as much of the slavehold-j porters may attempt to explain, palliate, and
ing as of the non-slaveholding States, arejsometimes justify these votes, but they dare
thus required, without reward or the hope not have given them. Thoy occupy the
thereof, to become the instruments of de-isame position of John S. Phelps at Lexing
priving a portion of the inhabitants of the ton last summer. He was attempting to
Union of their property guarantied to them 'explain in a public speech the vote of Hale's
by the Constitution. Why require this du-
ty of these officers? Why take fron them,
the exercise of their own judgment, as to
the legal merits of the application, as well
as their discretion as to an appeal to the
Supreme Court? Why make it obligatory
in all cases to prosecute every application,
however unreasonable, from the lowest to
the highest court?
We have a statute in this State, aid a
similar one exists in every slave State in
the union, by which a slave may test his
right to his freedom; and like all other cases
tried in the inferior court, questions of law
arising therein may be taken to the Supreme
Court for final adjudication. But unlike
Ci nt ,,, 1 1 1 , .
01. ISetitnn nur lawn.alffra hai-p nnff iin.i
posed the burden of prosecuting their suits
of freedom .mnn OUr Circuit Att.,rnie. .H
Attorney General. Thry have never yet!tri,cled ?eDe,aI tten,ion nd interest have
manifested such love for the free negro, as'
to give him rights and privileges over and,"" o. temperance nas
. 0 . 1 b 'ln u .11,frt . ..i.nt...ui ..
above anv suitor in cur courts. No man in'
Missouri would dare to vote for such a lawl"nK"me r"" ut it
s. I .1 I f . .1
as Col. Benton attempted to encraft on the!rou" D0 "E"otu asagieaimisionuneiiiai
compromise bill-and if one so much
tured withhni;ironi.m rnnlil fnil n,.
men who now look with forgiveness i..,on
their Idol, would be the loudest and niojt ceded by a corresponding depression
clamorous in condemnation of such a prop- ,n a word t,,at 1,,e keiineas dissipa-
osition. Btit"wir;mot vrincinlesr is the
motto of these consistent gentlemen. !rat, ,0 11,0 n111 lllBt had P"ded it.
If you examine, Mers. Editors, the pro-j" " aIso lo be Z11 plored that in the
visions of this amendment, offered by thei W8mth 8nd cit(,n that usually cUr
Connecticut Senator, and keep in mtndthel8Cter,ze t,,e8e rt otml doctrines are
provisions of the bill introduced by Mr. ia(lvanced and "- "pressed by
Clayton, and the object of its introduction,' thore who have nb,i"d conspicuous po-
you cannot fail to coincide with me in the;amon ,n u,eBe . iena toaepress
opinion already expressed, that Col. Ben.;or nwn 10 aesiT0 l,,e 2caI 01 "nsiuerate
ton's vote for it, representing as he does a mfn- That much of the instability of these
slave State, is without justification, pallia
tion or excuse. It is en enormity which of
itself would damn any other man in the
State toimmortal infamy. Under the guise
of a nrovisinn for rediessino- tit a wrnnir nfi
a freeman deprived of his liberties, it is inof
truth a law to deprive a man of his proper-!
tv. not onlv without enmnn.iin .,,,1 .
gainst his will, but with ruin to himself I
No, slaveholder in California or New Mexi
co would think of contending against such
odds as would be opposed to him. It would
be worse than idle to do so. The slave
backed and sustained by the General Gov -
eroment through its officers, bound by the
law of the land to litigate every case from
the lowest to the highest court, without the
hazard of paying costs, or being in any
worse condition if unsuccessful, would be
more than a match for the master, compell
ed to employ counsel, attend court, and in
any contingency - liable for the payment of
his own costs. The only safe alternative
which would present itself to him would be
the liberation of .his slaves. To do- other
wise, would involve him in endless litiga
tion and trouble, and entail upon him last-
- -And for this amendment, which if 'adopt
ed would have inevitably produced these
results, and by the mover intended to pro
duce them, CoL Benton voted "solitary and
alone" of all the Senators representing slave
States. We find him voting for the descend
ants of negroes tovote and lipid office 'in
Oregon for engrafting te,Wilmo't Proviso.
pnf bill introduced, to , settle the slavery
question for prohibiting the people of Ore-
"United Wk Stand Divided We Fall."
COUNTY, .MISSOURI, MONDAY,
ruin and want
Forall these provisions out Senator voted,
without the countenance of a single Sena-
tor from a. slave State, and many of the
'Northern Senators' voting against him.
The Van Buren men of 1848 might have
free negro amendment, when he was asked j
by one of his auditory if he would havegiv-
to that vote. He replied with great indig-
j nation, No! would rot! . Of. course his
'apology for the vote amounted to nothing,
'and he left the stand, without having made
j friends for himself or the Colonel, and this
isthe last time Mr. Phelps has been heard
of on the stump.
For the Democratic Banner.
Tlie subject of Temperance, in our rity,
and to a considerable extent throughout our
county, has recently become a matter of no
ordinary interest. A large, respectable and
well organized society has been formed in
I 1 ?. . 1 . r
our cut, wuere 11 is to reclaim our leuow
""from this wic of evils, intemperance,
A n',,nbcl of Pub,ic Itures, that have at-
uc,""lu' ",,u u? n'vn num-.ims
"II. .1 ...j a. .1 . 1
" t ",u:
' i.l 1 1 w . . .
tic-itl,e8e ",or,natloM '"W
tence 80 hort-livd and ephemeral that
c1 li . - a .
u'e ,mercsi """'J I'n mis suoject is
" " "
iriurmaiifiiis is 10 oe aiirioutea o me 111-
timed efforts of unthinking or selfish men,
who by their follies and demagogueistn,
drive from their suppoit meritorious men,
cannot he denied. These appeals in behalf
,Pe " "Pressed to the whole
-"';u'1?. " V f7 "n" ,oe
"""""'"i V181 Prro may ne aiscaraea as
!,,urlf1 cences-tha( U,e vices of men
may not blight the fair reputation of the
whole organization that the laudable zeal
of honest men may not be confounded with
the glaring intrigues of a clamorous dema-
These observations have been suggested
by the extraordinary remarks , of M. W.
Gordon, esq., the chosen champion of tem
perance, in a speech delivered in our city
on the inst. The speaker upon that oc
casion', after having consumed the largest
part of an hour in .descanting itpon various
points connected with the subject of tem
perance, announced to the audience "that
the time had arrived at which they should
make a political thing of itthat they in
tended to make a political thing of it they
had been legislated for , long enough by
drunkards that the legislature had passed
an act robbing the school fund of their lands
that though he had hugged democracy
long, he was willing to vote for the most
blue-lteaded whig, if he would avow him
self i cold water man !" '
1 Make a political thing of what of tem
perance! Temperance and Politics! What
a beautiful combination Ut-jWkere is the
between,, them ?
Why encumber a commendable cause with
FEBRUARY 25, 1850.
bcrs ? Is this then to be the watchword ?
Our forefathers fought and bled, to sepa
rate themselves from the tyrannical domin
.ion of "Church and State," and now when
our liberties are established, we hope to
hear or no plans tor connecting ine -atBiei-
wiui any orgonizauou 01 society, 10 11 uc
ever so benevolent in its character.
If the day shall ever come whenja creed
of church principles, or temperance princi
ples, must stand as a'test to try the bones-j
ty, capacity and worthiness of men, either
in public station or as members of society,
we may cease to boast of freedom. I wish
not to argue this subject, for the reason thai
I believe the temperance societies will con
demn such stuff, as injurious to the good of
the cause, without argument.
The temperance cause requires no con
nection with politics. It stands like the
christian religion, upon a basis of a differ-'
ent sort Is thefreedom of conscience and
opinion reduced to that low and contempt!-
ole extreme, that the Methodist will asso-
ciate with and sustain none but the flletho-Us
dist, the Baptist none but the Baptist, the
Presbyterian none but the Presbyterian, and.
the friend of temperance none but the devo
tee of that causa?
Make such a connection, and the society
thus connected, with all its tenets, must in
evitably fall. This, sir, I conceive to be a
deadly attack upon temperance.- . j
In conclusion, Messrs. Editors, I desire
only to say that as a friend of temperance,
I repudiate this proposed alliance, and call
upon the members of the temperance so
cieties to take some action, and place them-
jS,v right on thit important matter.
is 10 ne me oocinne, wanno itnow ,
j 1: i x k-. :..n:.-
-uu . .,K,,. ru...
members of the societv I learn that such
....? . .-.u r'.t: r
doctrine meets with feelings of mingled
scorn and contempt, and I believe that such
an expression will go forward from all.
Kentucky and the Union. In the Ken
tucky Legislature, on the 16th inst., the fol
lowingresolution was unanimously adopted :
Resolved, by the General Assembly of
the Commonwealth of Kentucky, 1 hat the
Governor be, and he is hereby authorized
and requested to cause a suitable block of
native maruic iu uc tuiicjru iv noaiimj
tnn city, to ' take its proper place in the
monument now being erected to the memo
ry of the Father of his country, and that
the following' words be engraved thereon :
"Under the auspices or Heaven and the pre
cepts of Washington, Kentucky will be the
last to give up the Union."
The land system at the Salt Lake Cily is
based on the free soil system.' .The land is
not allowed to be sold. Every man' can
have as much as he can occupy by paving
for the survey and recording.
The Press t Califosnia. Capt. J M.j
Scofield writes from San Francisco to the
New London Star, that Wm. Faulkner, pub
lisher of the Pacific New, has already made
25,0f 0 by printing that sheet only a few
months, and asks $15,000 for one-third of
the concerns . His expenses are at the rate
of 15,000 a year. He keeps his press runn
ing constantly, employs two sets of bands,
and has ordered from the Mates a steam
press and apparatus for an extensive job
The States that ark to Be. Some per
son at the North has been calculating the
area of the territory of the United. States
not yet organized into States, and finds
that we have domain enough for forty-six
and a half States as large as Pennsylvania.
Of these, thirty-five will lie North of 36
30' and 'will be free States, if that line of
compromise were adopted.
2f There are now completed and in use
in the State of Connecticut, 431 miles of
railroad, and 296 more are in progress of
construction." '' "
Wliy is a wedding in ,"bigli life" like a
duel? - : -
Give it up? ,
'Cause there's a ball given. , '.
J5-A medical periodicalis started ittSt.
Louht called the "Probe," published mon
thly. - ' ;
J5-Tlie people of Michigan have decidr
ed in favor pf electing state officers by the
people, bj a vote of 38,1 17 to 728.
iTTh' ?rrimn tULi
Mr. Thurstoo, himself rovat tfiare vi
an ox-teaai, with hi wtfe aW-chdref
from lowa-Tl! - J l'.VUl
When gen tlemaa nairtea i lady, bean
tiful ni -rich, Itto f riendr isav: Htrii
married perfect bird of Paiadtie. If tba
ladv happens to be poor however, they
say: A perfect Bird of Paradise, wiOx tha
exception of the frathera. ;; i Vi,:.-:,f,, Y-
3TJWe learned yesterday thab.a eif
couotefeit t'2 bill on the State Bank of Ia-
diana has made its appearance ine remar-
kablv well executed. ' Look put for them.
Cin. Com. 22d inst. " V.- A1 rr
General Taylor is opposed, to the inter
ference of Congress wka the subject of Xka -
wants then left to th
the exeentive ana his a
gents. Practically, this is the effect or the
policy he recoiamejids. iv-.'.."'
"Pa, what is punctuation? J k'"f rJ
"It the art of. putting the stopa.n - A ee
' Then I wish you would go dwa iotia
celiac and punctuate the cockDf lha-edeB'
arret, as the cider is running all over, tna
... ! , . . i; . . hi! ' j-.?i.J!if
We regret to see from the New Orleans;
papers, that Pena y Pena, the late President
and one chief justice of Mexico, is dead.
He was one of the few men in Mexico who
merited the name of a statesman.-' 1' : kU
Frederick Douglas, the runaway slave
has been nominated by the colored .voters
of New York as their candidate for the vice
presidency of the U."StatesJ ' s ;
New York city has a larger population
than either the States of New Hampshire,,
Connecticut, Vermont or Michigan It ha
more than the three. States .of Arkansas,.
Florida and Texas together. . . ' ;
The total pumber of steamboats lost toa
the Western waters, during the year,; 1849,
according to a statement recently publisheA.
eiehty- three, ilie estimated loss is set
1.1 i 1 .. 1 .;: 1 '
. Late accounts from .India represent that,
the attempts of British, capitalists, arisgr
the last two or threeyears, to , ujtivaten
cotton in the' district of .Dharwar, fronv,
which much was expected have signally
failed. " ' ' -
, ' j ; :. - .. " 1 f"1
Sign or CHAaACTsarA man, who hab-:
bitually speaks disparagingly of the. femalot
character gives conclusive evidence that,
there is something wrong in his own." A-
A true man always has a btgb idea of female
flexeellenee and eheriabee it with remairt 1
bordering oa worship
Ijoinr it KErnRFmnn. IJennijt-rtarlint.
. 1 1
och, Dennis, what is it you're doing?" !
"Whist, Biddy, I'm' trying-' an experi-' -roent.V
: :'- : -inn. :i ..'
:"Murder, what is it? ' -!i -'- ;3 :'
"Why its giving hot wiater to the chick-
ens J am, so that they will be after laying 1
boiled eggs." : , . -; : -j; ,
'Beautiful is th love, and sweet the kiss '
of a sister.' Dodds ssys a kiss from a rnoro 1
distant relation, isn't sauea arorselto- take
Th e London Illustrated News; say 1: 'The ' 1
growth of the United States is, in reality, '
the downfall of Great Britain. " AH the un-1
happy circumstances that are of prejudice
to us, are a benefit to tftera . :.
Matbimoni a t " Mzas fca- Two ' Polkas '
make one flirtation. : -.-i: hii-.;
- Three flirtations make one squeeze of the-1
hand. - ; .. ?.! a, ; ---v;
Four squeezes make one kiss, i .- -4
Fire kisses make one moonlight meeting.; ;
Two moonlight meetings make one wed- h'
'Father, what do you mean ,.bj rauinJTw,
tilings in hot houses?' 'Why boy, you arer
being raised in a house too hot to hold me ,
sometimes.' The Woman seized a broom- '
stick, but the man out stick;" ,: ' : '"
... .... . -
- ' ..'- ;- - : ' I - .1' '"I''!
Remember that the girl that deceives the -
eye by wearing false curls is apt to deceive .,
the heart with raise pretensions oi. love. ..
"Capital Punishments? aa the bov aaid
when the school mistress seated bin; with
thegirls. , . , 4
'I say, Clem,' cried two disputed darkeys''
appealing for a decision to a sable umpire,
'which, word is right, fdy-xactly or;oW
XaCtlj?'- .. . ,..::,s;':.!!ih:'!
The sable umpire reflected a noma at ,and.
then with a look of deep, wisdom said,
cann ten pre-zacuy. -u ( I .. ; ;U
The roan who has, nothing to boast of bu"
his illustrious ancesters,is like a potatoe-rr .,
the only thing belonging to him is under
ground. ' "' " ' "f
During the past six months', 291 parsons 1
have been imprisoned fpr debt in Boston. -(,
He who wishes to buy cheap, should boy
of those whoadtertise,.. ,. . ; pyml
Mb. Pati5otj 0 EpucATtoir. "For mv
part 1 cant deceive, what Aa aiHU laddica tion is
comiu' to. When I was joang, if gJ only an
derstooit the rules of UUtraetloo, provision, aaoluV
piring.recileaiahiiiff and the eonaotf iomiadar
and knew all about the rivers and their ebueatiaitwv
theaovenants and dormitories', the erovmcM and..
tbrennpires, they had eieatlon enough.-But
tney.nave w tivcy jsonomy, A !gtsetwr , aa oaw
to demonstrate anpoosflion aboat evooohaats. ef 4
circuses; tsngents anddiafooiesofparaliufe-rraa. ,
to say milhjngaheut the oi-hMes.'assAaaeswi :
stifc, al aWtrooo triaaatee." And the aU tor, t -was
ao'coitrased with tha technical names bat sha".
wu forced to atop.' v