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.S. F Murray, Bowling Green.
t John L. Tribble, Spencerburg.
jj)r. John C. Welborn. Frankfort.
Dr. Nathan Vannoy, Vannoy's Mill.-
R. H. Johnson, Ashley.
G. Minor, Prairieville.
A. M. Thomas, Paynesville.
B. P. Clifford and . , ...
Col. Win. Nalley, Clarksville.
Col. Jaa. H. Britton, Troy.
Tully R. Cornick and
John W. McKee, Cap-u-(my.
Dr. W. B. Adams, Danville.
Col. William Priest, New London.
LETTER FB.O.V OREGOIf.
The following letter from Maj. Walkkb
formerly a resident of this county, will be
perused with interest by many of his old
friends and acquaintances. The Major was
long a respected citizen among us, and we
are glad to find that be is doing well in his
new home. The letter, it will be perceiv
ed, was written some time ago, but it loses
none of its interest on that account. What
is said in it in relation to the country, may
be implicitly relied on.
Oregon Teskitokt, Polk Co.,
December 23d, 1849. $
Dear Friend and old neighbor:! take
the present opportunity to redeem my prom
ise to you, that I would write to you after
my arrival in the promised land. We all
arrived safe at the first farm in the Willa
mette Valley, on the 26th of Sept., we then
travelled up the valley som 60 miles, and
arrived at A. J. Doak't on the first day of
Oetober. We remained here a Tew days,
then moved on to Claiborne's claim, which
lies on the west bank of the Willamette riv
er, where we are now living.
We were all very much worn oat with
the fatigues Of thejourney, I being U.e worst
used up of any.
I h. hnci all B.nl n Bfnrlrl
in three or four days. I was not able to
work or do anything but eat, for five or six
week. B. F. McCardie took the camp or
emigrant fever, about the middle of Octo
ber. He was quite low for four or five
weeks, and was not able to work until about
the first of January. By Spring, he was
quite fleshy and as stout as usual.
Myself and family enjoyed good health
nntil the latter part of August, when we all
took the chills. Well, truly, this was a
damper upon our prospects, present and fu
ture, the chills, right down here in the mid
die of Oregon, the land of perpetual health,
dreadful ! It was in a much milder form
than I ever had in Missouri. I believe it
was caused by using river water, which was
very warm in July, August and September.
We have no spring nearer the house than
half a mile. We are all in good health a
gain, and hope that this was only the cli
mate working off the dregs of the Missouri
ague. There was a eood many cases of
ague on the river this year. Out through
the country it was healthy. I believe there
will be more or less ague every season on
the larger rivers.
I expect to move on my claim in a few
days, which is two miles west from the riv
er. I bought a claim in December, 1848,
just 12 months sgo no improvements ex
cept two acres land broken, 400 rails, two
old cabbins not fit to live in, paid $362,50
lor it. I have good soil, good timber, and
first rate water, six springs, with large
branch running through near the center of
it a good situation lor a stoea larm, nav
iner cood crass on all sides. On the south'
west is a range of elevated hills, which will
not be settled for a long tuna to come.
Tbeia hills have very little timber, few
groves of oak, and are coveted with the
fin bunch' grass, which is equal to blue
grass for any kind of stock, always green
u the winter. -
The toil of this country is much richer
eenerallv. than I expected to find it. So
far as I have seen it the soil is of three kinds
9-black, red h gray. The black is thought
to fte ute richest and most productive mey
m produce cood wheat if properly cultiva
ted. 1 The toll and climate of ibis country
seems to be well adapted to the growing of
ait kinds 01 small grain -wheat, rye, oats,
barley, buck wheat and peas. Clover and
timothy do well, and I believe there can be
corn raised, if p'anted early and properly
cultivated...- . ; 1
The tamers of this vallev sometimes nlant
mall patches of corn, but never plough or
bee. One farmer about five miles from me
tlantad about 20 acres, f of the small kind:
ba bfokenew prairie in the fall and spring,
a than planted his corn between the fur-
i. in April When tbe corn was four or
fiva tachea high, he gave it on good bar
and Jayed it by. I In the fall be
lettered od measured upward of 300
- www. ... w "v.m,M.L. . .. 1. .1 : .1 ..... .1-
VOL. 6. LOUISIANA, PIKE
bowels of eafend corn. This was in 1848.
1 sew wte corn in the Tall. All kinds of veg
etables can be produced in almost any situ
ation, by manuring the .land well, as you
have to do in Missouri to make a pro luc-
tive carden. Potatoes and turnius crow
fine and large, and are equal to any that I,
have ever seen. Annie and peach trees do
well, and bear every veer. Orchards are
and will be very valuable heie. Green an-
ales were worth last fall ten dollars per
bushel. Wheat is the only grain raised here
as yet for market, and verv little of that
this year, as there was but little sowed in
the tall of 1848, and a pood deal of that was.
not taken care or. A good many farmers
who sowed wheat in the fall, went to Cali-
forma in the spring, leaving their crops of
wueai 10 oe destroyed by tlie cattle and
torses of the neighborhood. Some crops
was very indifferent, seed havine been sow -
ed on the old crop of stubble and scratched
over with a wooden tooth harrow. I be.
ieve that there can be from 25 to 30 bush-
I A" I . . 1 . . :
is 01 wueaimaaeio ute acre, by lallowing;luJlsand in tbe valleys round nurhtUe farms
upmeiano. in xviay or June, luen sow in
September. Wheat is usually sowed here
the latter part of October and in November.
Spring wheat in April. This kind of wheat
usually produces about 20 bushels to the
acre. The crop of '48 was verv good
Al . II W .
many fields yielding 40 to 50 bushels to the
acre. Uf this I have no doubt at alL fiom
the heavy crop of stubble that I taw on the
and in the fall, and from what I was told by
men of veracity. There was very little
wheat sowed last fall, not half enough for
the consumption of the country, no matter
howgood the crop may be. Though I think
it likely that there will be a great deal of .
spring wheat sowed, as a great many gold.
diggers will have returned by next April.
farming opperations have been very
much deranged in Oregon, by the discove
ry of the gold mini s in California. In the
fall of '48 at least two-thirds of the male
population left for the mines. Those who
went in the fall and returned in the winter
.)! ..11.. l: : 1 r .- i
10001 0 iOOin tl e vellowhovs. Thm.e!cotrv to im ,rove them. If Conares.
who went iu the spring did not do so well, ,
in consequence of high water. By the time ( try, it would improve very fast if the set
the waters had run down, the sickly reason tiers could have their claims secured to
set in, when a great many took the chills! them, either by donation or pre-emption, a
and fever, while others were afflicted with great many would prt-fer paying the mini
the head or crazy fever. A grea many re- um price of one dollar per acre, than to re
turned to Oregon during the summer very main in the present uncertain condition.
ai!r I Tnn v i uleiitv tp. vprv nltntv. Gnlil
A. J. Doak. Claiborne. Bolivar and B. F.
McCardie, all left my house for the mines
on the 29th of April. They packed through
on horses and mules, lliree or t lie in re
turned on the 4th of July, leaving McCar
die in California, he not being satisfied at
gold digging. The others were all sick
Doak was taken with the chills on Feather
river, in California ; the others took il on
road home. They were all peifrctly satis
fied with California and the mines so much
so that they could not be whi ped back with
a poll. Doak swears that he will never
leave Orogon again. This was the first sick
ness that he has had since he left Missouri.
Bolivar was married on the 20th Septem
ber, to a Miss Catharine Purvine, daughter
of Capt. John Purvine, of Morgau county,
Illinois, who emigrated to this country in
1848, and travelled part of the way iu our
company. Capt. P. and five of his sons
started to California on the 20th of the same
month, leaving the balance of his family in
charge of Bolivar until he returns. He is
living about 20 miles north of me on the
road to Oregon City. Claiborne is single.
and likely to be so. He stops with me part
of his time, with Bolivar part, and the re
mainder of the time at Doak's. H has made
some money since he come to this country,
and has considerable stock, and a very good
claim with some improvements on it.
- ..." . a 1.1
Doak s family have enjoyed gtod lieaun,
and are well pleased with the country.
Jack savs that he would not go back to Mis-
sonri for the best farm in your neignoornooa,
if it was given to bim. He is doing very
. . . w a a
well, has a good claim, consiaeraoie im
provement on it, and a good deal of stock
about bim, and don't seem 10 nave so grr
an aversion to hard work as he had in Mo.
Jack is quite a politician he spouts loud
Janoabt 4th, 1850.
I now write from mv new borne. We mov
ed on tbe 24th December, rather forced oot
kafnrfi we were entirely ready by high wa
ter. We bad a fall of snow about ine toui
af December, which was eight inches deep
in the valleys, and much deeper near the
mountains. This snow was taxen oh verj
- m . . w M.
..niilli ti virv warm rain, which contin
ned for two days and nights, which caused
a very great rise in auwe streams, w-uj
of them doing gTeat damage by washing otf
saw and grist nulla, cauie nnu uug, -
great many rails and aomo ww uwm6
Ra r.r this winter the hills art as green
as your meadows are in April or May i
"United Wc Stand Divided W Fall"
COUNTY, MISSOURI, MONDAY,
Missouri. Horses and cattle are doing fine.
Hogs are very fat first rate country for
hoes they are healthy, and not subiect to
diseases like they are in Missouri, particu-
t 1 . .
lany sticn as yours and A. U. Uoodman's
were afflicted within the winter of '46 and
Stock of all kinds are very healthy
l lie farmers of this country can raise
any number of horses, cattle, sheep, hogs
and fowls, by taking proper care of them
wnen young, and prevent the wolves from
destroying them. I commenced in Octo
ber, 48, with two small sows, and my stock
has increased to about 40 head, some fine
hogs, and some pork for sale, whirh is sell.
ing at Oregon City at fifteen dollars
We have lots of wild game here, from a
grizzly bear down to a vroiind anmrrcl
The large black. Yellow and srav wolves
are nientv. and verv trouhlecome in the
winter. In the summer they go to the moun
tains. Deer are verv nlentv. though nrettv
wild : I frequently see them crazing on the
... . . .1
Scores of prairie wolves and wild cats.
these fellows steal our pigs and Iambs. I
give all my time that I have to hunt, to the
taking of these sly, sneaking, thieving
scamps. I have a dog that frequently
caicnee tue small wolves, when they are
out some distance from timber. Some of
them are so impudent that they will not run
or make much exertion to escape, as they
frequently meet with doge that will not lay
hold of them, and, like aa not, turn upon
the doc and run him as far as he had run
them. I have some fine sport in these cha-
ses. I had a real set to the other day will
a Lynx. He was the severest animal that
I have encountered any where. He used
my dog up badly before I could find a club
to aesist him, though we finally slew him.
There are some Elk in the ssutbern part of
This country is generally well watered,
with numerous streams sufficiently large for
saw and grist mills, with numerous falls and
:n 1 r : .1.-
would settle the land question for this coun
j -- --, - -- - o
aid silver, none of your shinplasters or rags,
- - j , . j j 1 j - 1
Land claims rate high, from $500 to three,.
(four and five thousand dollars, owing to lo
cation and improvement. I have heard of
one claim being sold near the mouth of the
Columbia for $10,000 (a town site.) Prop
erty of all discription is very high. Wag
gons 150; American horses $150 to $250;
Indian horses $70 to $125; mules, none in
market. Bolivar traded his two little mules
last fall for two good American mares worth
1200 each. Oxen are selling for $100 per
yoke; cows from $40 to $50 cash, and but
few can ba had at those prices.
Labour of every kind is very high. Me
chanics make from seven to twelve dollars
per day. House carpenters charge $10
per square. Window sash is worth 50 cents
fier light. Common laboreis get five doll
ars per day at Oregon City, and $3 50 in
the country, at this time, to make rails.
Last winter rails was worth 62 1-2 cents
per hundred. I had 8000 made at thia.
Shingles are worth fifteen dollars per thou
sand lumber at Oregon City from 80 to
one hundred dollars per thousand feet; in
the country from forty to fifty dollars.
Blacksmithing is a good business, only have
six dollars for shoeing a horse all round
two dollars each for cutting and drawing
on woggnn tires, 50 to 75cts for sharpening
. , t . :
a piougr., ano everyiuing eise in proportion.
This is the greatest place to make money
that I have ever teen. All sorts of labor
is high, and in great demand. Mechanics
and common laborers are wanieo. aii
kinds of business is done on the cash sys
temno credit, no borrowing or loaning of
money. There has been but one suit tor
debt before a Magistrate, in this county,
since I have been here. Only one Justice
of the Peace in the county, nntil last Octo
ber, when wa bad a special election lor tne
purpose of electing all the county officers
that we were entitled to under the organie
law of Consress,
Wa have a mixed nonnlatios) Here, aome
from New York, Blaine, Connecticut, Illi
nois, Indiana, Michigan, Iowa, .Missouri,
and few from Arkansas, a good many En
glish, Canadian French, half breeds, &c.
Thara ia room for a pre at many people here
yet. A good many claims can ba had in this
and the adjoining counties, wnicu wm uc
fine farms. Also a good many unimproved
hnnoht from $509 to l,&OU.
Those who offer their claims lor sawwiau
JB . . . - 1.
10 go tanner souui,
The last few days have bean very disagree
SEPTEMBER 23..1850 NO. 15.
ble. The 14tlrwas by far the worst day that I
have eeu in Oreenn, ihe wind blew very hard
f'01" the south, with a very heavy fall of snow,
n,ell" S " a 'ell, or nearly so. IT it bad
-II il. ii 1 .
" . "c ' " 1 ,c Bruu,,u' w "e"
irom is 10 zu incnes deep, it naa rained or
snowed every day since. The hills and moun
ains are covered wun snow, toe valleys are
clear, and good grazing on them. Stock doing
well no feeding necessary.
v w w w W W . W V
Dear friend if vou. or anv of vour neighbors
should conclude to come to this country, in the
nrsi place let mem be certain that they are de
termined to come; in the next place, they should
nave iignt, out vary strong waggons. Piew ones
are the safest, made out of thorougHy seasoned
timber. Two-horse waggons are the best, and
worth as much here as heavy ones. Then have
four yoke of (food oxen to each waggon, 4, 5 or 6
years old, and as fat aa beeves at the start. Em
igrants snouid suit as soon as tne grass will
keep cattle from starving, and not lay by a day,
unless it is unavoidable. On the Platte river.
drive from 18 to 25 mile every day. Cattle
must be pushed while in the buflalo country, or
they will become wild, and run while in the
yoke or out of it, as though the very old Nick
was after them. Here is where our cattle broke
I have a treat many things that I would like
to tell you, but I forbear for the present. Give
my respects to my old neighbois.
W. M. WALKER.
To Wm. P. Mc&me.
ZTle editor of -the Burlington Tele
graph is cruel on the wood cut that graces
the head of a cotemporary iournal. Who
would recognize the imposing figure of I
"Liberty," in the following description?
This is indeed the unkindest "cut" of all:
Beautiful. The vignette of the Ft. Des
Moines Star, published up at the Forks,
represents an Indian scene a we-ke-ue,or
tent, with buffaloes in the distance flying
before a party of hunters, and a squaw,
with the crown of England upon ber head,
tbe train of a court lady tied round her
waist and hitched up about Ma feet" in front,
standing upon the banks of the Des Moines
skinning a stunt, and a "cussed" little
ingin settin in a canoe, and crying for its
TJIr young gentlemen will go to church,
they ought at least, to have manners enough
to behave themselves while there. When
young men who are just entering upon me
business of life, show such a manifest want
of respect for themselves, and tbe civil and
well disposed part of the community, to say
nothing of that respect and reverence be
coming the place and. the occasion, there
is but little hope that they will ever attain
to any respectable position in society.
Awful. Some person has attempted to
prove that females do not go to Heaven,
He makes us of the following passage in
Holy writ: 'There was silence in Heaven
about the space of half an hour.'
A verdant fellow entered a jeweller's
store witn his whip under his arm, and his
hands in his pockets, and aftet looking a
bout awhile, leaned over the counter and
whispered confidently to the clerk so as not
to be overheard by the ladies standing near
Hev you any bosom ponies?" 1 ne cierx
not understanding the question, answered
in the negative. I guass you have,' an
swered the green un I mean studs!'
Love is as natural to a woman as fra-
grance is to a rose. You may lock a gin
up in a convent you may confine her in a
cell you may cause ner 10 cnange uer
religion or forswear her parents these
thincrs are nossible but never hope to make
the sex forego their neans woramp or
B ... . .
give up their reverence for cassimeres
for such a hope will prove as bootless as
thm Rraek Slave, and as hollow as bam
Why ia an unenclosed piece of ground
like a good man's conscience. It is void
Of a fence (voia 01 objocb- ;
Fenelon aaid: "If the crowns of all the
ti.mlmiii nf F.nrnn vera laid down at
my feet, in exchange for my love of read
ing, I would spurn them."
The New York Day Book iaya the
moon ia the most tidu of all the divinities.
That may be, but she don't keep ber mon
ej; she changes avery quarter.
What letter in the alphabet would be of
more service to a deaf woman than a pat
ent ear trumpet? -
The letter A, because it would certainly
make ber hear.
, .j Ward far the Ladies.
Walking u getting out of fashion, and
young women now-a-day wrigle along aa
if they were moved ahead by EYrickson'e
patent propellers. Their walk ia crooked
as that of a ship with all sails and no " rud
der. They are as graceless as 'a militia
colonel's horse, or a "braken down racer.'
notice they are awfully deformed, too, aa
general rule, having great bumps on their
backs like dromedaries all of which is
doubtless very pleasent to traders in cotton
and batting and bay. This "new edition"
of the shape may be a great improvement
on the original, but if so the original must
be shocking bad, for it is one of these
padded young women. If one of them should
be furnished by nature with one of these
bumps or heaps, she would be exhibited at
a fip a peep, like a dooble-beaded pig. -'
Some months since somebody sent ma
through the P. O-, a semi-circular bag of
cotton, and I was told it was a very prom-
fnent aiticle of female apparel, used to
perfect the human shape. It is a . curiosity,
anda few years hence, I mean to send it to
Barnum's Museum. It looks like anything
except an article of dress. There ia no
thing to compare to jt, in the -heaven's a
bove, nor the earth beneath, or waters un
der the earth. They call it eo I am told
a bishop, and if so, I certainly go in
"A church without, a bishop,"
as heartily as for
"A State without a king."
I hope, after reading these strictures, that
the young women will give up wriggling
thiough the streets like a parcel of eels
content themselves with human form, and
try the experiment, at least, of acting like
responsible beings. Mrs. Swisshelra.
"Jim, did you ever double the Cape of
"I expect I have."
''Last night, when I put my arm around
the cape that belongs to the young lady
that I have got good hopes of making Mrs.
'Jack which is the way to Epping.
"How do you know my name is Jack?' 'I
guessed it.' Then guess the road to Ep
The poet's soul should be like the ocean,
able to carry navies, yet yielding to the
touch of a finger.
External gentility is frequently used to
disguise internal vulgarity.
2-A woman in Ohio recovered $10,000
of a stage driver for refusing to carry her
self, three rhildreu, four trunks, nine band
boxes, two lap dogs, on a single ticket.
Let tbe fraternity take warning.
The virtue of prosperity is temperance;
tbe virtue of adversity is fortitude.
Nothing sits so gracefully upon children
and makes them so lovely, as habitual res
pect and dutiful deportment towards their
parents and superiors.
Never Look Sad.
Never look aad, nothing so bad,
As getting familiar with sorrow;
Treat him to-day in a cavalier way.
And he'll seek other quarters to-morrow.
Long you'd not weep, could you but peep,
At the bright side of every trial;
Fortune you'd find, is often most kind.
When chilling your hopes with denial.
Let the sad day carry away
IU own little burden of sorrow.
Or you may miss half of the bliss
That comes in the lap of to-morrow.
Silence is often an answer;' says an Ara
bic proverb. How true it is, that when
the tongue of malice or anger fails to pro
voke a reply, it reluctantly sheaths itself in
chagrin and shame ! In many cues, no
rebuke can be more powerful than silence.
There are men you cannot touch more a
cutely than by "letting them alone most se
verely," as Theodore Hook expresses it,
when they vilify you.
Our religion, politics, morals, and even
gestures, are mostely derived from the par
ental type. How careful, then, should fath
ers and mothers be, to set goon copiea tor
A lady making -inquiries of a boy about
his father, an intemperate man, who had
been sick for some time, aiked wnetner r
had regained his appetite. "No, ma'am,"
saya the boy, "not exactly, his appetite ia
very poor but his drinkatite is as good aa
Bui war says, and says with much truth,
that when poverty begs, the dogs bark at
it; and when poverty is ill, tha doctor
mangle it; and when poverty ia dying, tha
priests scold at it, and when poverty if
dead, nobody weeps for it, .
TS"k school mistress advertised Jalelj
for an assistant aocustomed to confinement.
She received an answer from the mother
of twelve children., . - -
EhFrom the 1st of June to the 60 f
August, there wera 8,752 4"tha cicttji