Newspaper Page Text
worabti consideration of the Legislature. ',
Theie roads, by the nor gy and perse
verance of thoie who he had charge of
them', are in advance of all other works o
internal improvement Let these be com'
pleted, and it will produce such a state nf
things as will unerringly point to other ob
jects of improvement, worthy of tbo con
sideration of the Legiilature. These will
be the trunks, to which may be joined rail
roads and plank roads, branching into every
quarter of the State.'
If charters should be asked for roads, as
rtems of these, they should even ' how be
granted, in order that arrangements may
Be making for their future success.
I confidently anticipate liberal appropria
tions of public land, along the route of the
Pacific, and the Hannibal and St. Joseph
railroads. I suggest tolhe Legislature, that
a memorial be immediately forwarded to
Congress upon the subject, and ' that we
respectfully ask on behalf of these roads,
that tne onerous condition shall not be at
teeTied to the grant, requiring the company
to transport men and freights of all descrip
tion, free of charge, for the 'general gov
ernment. The government should be will
ing to take its profits in the increased price
and sale of its lands,' and the increased fa
cilities afforded for transportion, at greatly
reduced' prices, such only as' the citizens
will have to pay. T
. e: .
A geological survey of the State, is a sub-
. ! . a. a ... a.
jew intimately connected with that or in
ternal improvement, and has a most impor
tant bearing upon all other great interests of
tne atat. - Although it is highly important
that this survey should be made at the
earliest possile time, it is not less so, that it
should be done in a thorough manner, and
on a liberal scale. The character of the
State, its vast area and mineral resources,
require that no illiberal or contracted poli
cy should be adopted It will require a con
siderable expenditure, and the means to
accomplish it, should, before the work is
conrmeced, be ascertained and indicated.'
The people of Missouri cannot but ' feel
deep interest in the prosecution of this work,
ana would doubtless be willing to contribute
liberally to its accomplishment ; yet I be
believe our claim upon the general govern
ment is of such character, that it should rest
there, for it accomplishment. 'Without
dwelling pon the importance, in a nation
al point of view, developing our immense
mineral resources, Ih at are now lying idle,
we have a right to insist upon and expect
a co-operation of the '-general government,
as a joint proprietor of the soil. ; '
By the Commissioner's report, to which
I have referred, it will be seen that more
than t wo-thirds of the land in the State be
long-to the general government, while for
the other third there has been paid into the
national treasury more than thirteen millions
or dollars. No survey, therefore, can be
conducted in which the general govern
ment would oot be more largely interested
Ulan the people of Missouri.
But the'clain which Missouri has, does
net Test npon abstract equitable right
longress has practically acknowledged the
propriety of contributing to such surveys,
by making large appropriations for them in
. other State. We are not,' therefore, to
presume that we shall be made an exception,
. a' . . . t mm
ii tne suoject oe Drought to tne considers
lion of Congress. -
I therefore recommend that the memorial
of tne last Legislature be again pressed up
on me attention et congress, and that our
Senators and Representatives be requested
to urge our wishes before the National Leg.,
islature, and also that the Legislature take
such action in the matter as will insure the
eommeneemeht of the survey, whenever the
co-operation of Congress can be obtained.
pl cannot close this communication with
out' some reference to the agitating scenes
through which the country has just passed.
The hopes of our fathers, ' the stay and
support of the present generation, and the
load anticipations of the future, are all
bound up and rest upon the perpetuity of
our blessed Union.? Hf ..
': No subject is r.likrly ever to arise, out of
wfeicnereto follow such ratal consequen
ces U that of the agitation of the slavery
kraestion m Congress.: It was hoped by the
jWers of the Union, everywhere, that an
end was put' to this agitation, by the mea
sures adapted by the last Congress. But
in ' this, it seems we are doomed to disap
pointment - Northern abolitionists dt South
ern nullifiers and secessionists seem to vie
with each Other m their efforts to produce
'disasters fatal to the Union.
The conduct of the abolitionists, sustain
ed as they are by political -demago'-ues, in
'reference to the law for the recapture of
fagiuwr slaves, is each as to excite just ap
prehensiour for the stability of the Union.
Although that -law is one of the series of
Enactments, 'designed by Congresss to re
stnr harmony among the different sections
-.ef4he Union, still it cannon properly be
termed, of; itself, an act of .compromise, in
which mere conflicting interests were ad
justed by mutual concessions', i Its passage'
. waubBih discharge of a solemn duty to
'the slaveholding .States a duty enjoined
' by the: constitution, from which '. Congress
could not shrink without a total disregard
of an imperative:ebligation. : It rests foritsi
support, not salelyupoa; the good faith to
ooierve it,; wmn -springs stem usoone--tion
wUhthi,.TOeasurss recently passed
r'Cnnnecled with jbe, question of slavery, but
ja taken separately, as. an independent mea
rf jre, upon the absolute and unqualified duty
imposed by the Constitution on every good
citizen to conform to its provisions without
cavil or evasion. In insisting upon the rigid
execution of that law, and its continuance
in full force on the statufe book, the people
of the slaveholding States assert only a plain
constitutional fight, guaranteed to them
when they entered the Union, and of whic
they cannot be deprived as long as the Con-j
stitution and the Union stand.. Hence all
assaults upon- that law all efforts to pre
rent its execution all movements to de
prive the South of its benefits, whether dic
tated bv morbid svmnathv with the futritive
slave, or by hostility to the system of do
mestic slavery as it exists are aimed di
rectly at the Constitution, and consequent
ly tne perpetuity or the. Union, cut may
we not hope that the recent opposition to
that law, exhibited in some Northern States
will receive no important aid from the mass
es ? - However silent the people of those;
States were for a time, when duty required
them to rebuke promptly the spirit of la
naticism and rebellion raging in their midst,
a re-action appears to have commenced,
and to a considerable extent, the reflecting
and patriotic manifest a determination to
observe the farewell injunction of Wash
ington, by "frowning indignantly upon the
hrst dawning of this attempt to alienate
one portion of our country from the rest",
and to enfeeble the sacred ties which now
link together the various parts."
To the patriotism of the North, the whole
country turns at this time, to ascertain
whether the jarring elements of discord are
to be hushed. No sacrifice of honor, or
duty, or interest, is asked, but merely obe
dience to, and enforcement of, he most
sacred obligations which the highest forms
of law can impose. We have a right to
expeet this, and to ask that the spirit of in
justice, insubordination, and disunion shall
be quelled in the North as well as in the
South, and that the canse of hostility shal
speedily and effectually eradicated by the
cessation of ail further agitation on the sub
ject. We have a right to expect that, am
mated by kindred sentiments of devotion to
the Union, the people of the North will re
prees fanaticism, roll back the rising tide of
dissolution uphold the constitution and
laws, and declare with the potent voice of
the popular will, that "the Union must and
shall be preserved." If this is done, the
storm will pass, and the Union emerge, un
impaired, from all the dangers in which it
has been plunged. No State will rijoice
at such a result with more sincerity and ioy
The agitation of the slavery question in
the South has essummed a much more im
portant character than can be ascribed to
it elsewhere. It has nut to the test the
moral force and strength of our Union, and
forced the public mind to consider the im
portance of its preservation, and to review
and ox the attention upon the causes wbicli
induced the fathers of the revolution to en
ter into that compact or agreement, which
resulted in its formatioa.
After our declaration of independence,
the necessity for a league or confederation
of the States was so apparent, that the
States, in their sovereign rapacity, adopt
ed the articles of confederation, which were
supposed to possess all the elements neceas
ary to carry out and perpetuate the princi
pies of self-government, they bad declared
it tneir intention to set up.
It was soon ascertained that the articles
of confederation, in the working of the sys
tern, constituted but a mere league between
the .Mates, formed, it is true, for a common
purpose, but each State having the right to
juuge ior useii not oy its members in tne
Congress of the Confederacy, but in its
seperate organization of the propriety of
any measure intended for the common bene
fit of all; and by the refusal of one State,
or a combination of two or more States, the
most important act of the Congress of the
Confederacy, could in effect be nullified.
It soon became apparent that our system of
government was but the re-production of
one of those petty leagues which had been
olten formed in the Old World but to per
TOBACCO PREMIUMS AT PLANTERS
TOBACCO WAREHOUSE, ST. LOUIS.
To tlie Planters of Tobacco in Missouri.
fflHE undersigned, proprietors of the Plasters'
1 lobaceo Warehouse, hereby oner tbe usual
annual premium for tbe four best hogshead of to
bacco, the growth of 1650; raised in tbia Slate:
the premiums to be aw arded on Thursday, tbe 21st
aav oi June, imoi, viz:
sw lor the hrst premium hogshead manufae
$25 for the second premium hogshead manufae
$-50 for tbe first premium 1 lid. shipping tobacco.
$25 for the second . "
Judges to be appointed by the planters or their
agents, and the premiums paid accordingly
BERTHOUD & SON.
January 13th, 1851.
'OTICE is hereby given, that the undersigned
ll bas been granted letters of admiuiftration.l
with the wiU aooexed, on the estate of Jamesi
Court of Pike county, bearing date January 6th,jDere are """"""y
A. v. 1SOI; and all persons having claims against
the said estate are notified to exhibit them (oral
t witbio one year from the date of said I let-'(bia eitgnt periodical has-been received. It con
2?.f no seVera. band,ome .ngr.vig,,.d i, filled
shall be forever barred
" 1 MARY ALLISON. Administratrix.
. January 13tb, 1851 3 w. .-
, At Rough and Ready, California, on the 25th . . t. i .
October Iwt, Mr. POSEY SMITH, of St. Joseph, "dS- " Replay, mechanical slull, and con
Missouri. .tains much useful, moral and religious matter.
MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 13, 1861.
The (ioveruor'a message.
The want of space in our columns thia weak,
prevents our commenting on thia document. We
have published all those parts of it which are of
interest to our readers. The Governor makes
many good suggestions, the adoption of which by
the Legislature, would prove advantageous in
many respecta to the people of the State.
His suggestions in reference to an amendment
of our revenue laws, in regard to the assessment
of property, will meat with hearty concurrence.
There have been numerous attempts to effect a
change In regard to that subject, but owing to a
silly fearon the part of many to tamper with so
delicate a subject, they have been invariably de
feated.' . i
We are happy to find that the condition of the
Treasury is such as will enable us in a few years
to discharge every cent of cur State indebted
ness, which, from the prudence and sagacity of
the party in power, has always been kept small,
and is now "growing smaller by degrees and
The Governor gives no definite recommenda
tions upon the subject of Internal Improvements
by the State, but intimates that he would favor
such plans as would extend liberal charters to
private enterprise, and leave the State unembar
rassed, except so far as to lend its credit to com
paniea created for that purpose.
His view in regard to the draining of the
Swamp Lands, are good. Thia desirable object
should be attained, but care should be taken that
the State be not swamped in the undertaking, and
an indebtedness contracted which would long lie
as an incubus upon the energy and prosperity of
The portion of the message devoted to educa
tion, will be objected to by no one, unless per'
chance it may be thought his plan contains too
much machinery. The present system of com
mon schools should be revised and amended. It
cannot be understood. The subject of the Bank
occupies much spaoa in the message, and no
lotibt many rood suggestions made. We doubt
whether the capital of the Bank is sufficient, un
dar present circumstances, to give proper fiicili
ties to our rapidly increasing commerce, and sup
ply the wants of tbe people. The impolicy of.
connecting the State with such an institution, has
always been, to our mind, a matter requiring no
argument to produce a satisfactory conclusion.
But it is a matter of serious consideration, wheth
er the State, at this time, should enter upon a
system, whereby excessive banking must in fu
ture be fastened upon us, from the stern neces
sity of supplying a circulating medium when
gold and silver, now abundant, ahall have lieen
gradually supplanted by the use of bank paper.
The Governor winds up by giving in his ad
herence to the Compromise measure adopted by
Congres. He i particularly eloquent in his
support of the Fugitive Slave Law, for which
Col. Benton, no doubt, will give him a lecture.
He takes great pains to prove, and does if sati'
factorily, that the resolutions of 98-'99, contain
ed no nullification or disunion doctrine, but were
only the sound and conservative views of the
old Republican party. In doing this, he proves
alio that the resolutions of the last Legislature
contain but the essence of Jeffersonian Demoe
racy the sovereignty of the States and the free'
dora of the people. How ridiculous that he
should have given the weight of his influen:,
during the last election, to the support of those
dangerous and federal notions advocated by uoi.
Benton. Why did he give countenance to such
disorganizing conduct, the result of which could
only be the overthrow of the party to which he
owed his elevation, and the subversion of it
principles P Why did he join in the dishonest
and malignant attack upon those patriotic men of
his party, whose only sin was an honest vindica
tion of our rights P Why did he cry out trea
son and nullification against a series of resolu
tions which he knew to be correct, and the re
peal of which he dees not now dare tp recom
mend ? Why would he abandon hia deliberately
farmed opinions to gratify the ambition of one
man, and pursue a course ao well calculated to
forfeit the kindly reposed confidence of his con
The message is a good doomneutj and we re
commend a careful perusal of it.
21 Attention is called to the advertisement of
Berthoud & Son, to be seen in this paper.
Large premiums are offered for the best manu
facturing and shipping hogsheads of Tobacco,
the growth of the year 1850. The premiums
are to be awarded on the 21st day of June, 1851,
at the Planters' Warehouse.' '
Let the farmers of Old Pike look to this.
Franklin is her only competitor, and the crops
Godet's Lady's Book. The February No; of
with tbe usual amount of interesting matter.
Tax- Pbesbttebiab Casket. The January
K7i I... w.. ....;..! Tl.:. !. ....... .J
liJ mA nuhlUlMtd at Saint T null. t Pn S A.
It will be recollected bv the people of this
State, and by the Democratic party particularly,
that wheq Col. Benton made his appeal from the
resolutions of the last Legislature, and commenc
ed canvassing the Slate in support of the strange
position which he had assumed, much ill feeling
grew up, and events began to indicate the bitter
contest which followed, and finally alienated the
party. This thing was foreseen by all. and many
of the prominent member,! of the. Democratic
party, unwilling to see its prostration and the
success of Whig principles in the State, began to
cast around to discover some course of policy by
which so disastrous a state of aflairs might be
averted, and the supremacy of conservative views
still be maintained. They made use of every
honorable exertion to prevent the brewing di
vision in their ranks. They saw the evil ten
dency of Col. Benton's views, and the obstinate
determination of his followers to recognise no
principle of faith, but sueh as might be dictated
by his ambition and impetuous wrath. It was
easy to see that such a spirit of man-worship,
could be productive of no other result than the
complete overthrow of the party. It waa per
fectly obvious to every reflecting mac, that the
principles of Col. Benton were not only clearly
at variance with tie old land-marks of the party,
but well calculated, if pursued, to subvert the
foundations of the Government, and ultimately
lead to a crisis extremely dangerous to the peace
and prosperity of the country. They believed
that the friends pf Mr. Benton were deceived,
aa to his designs, and retained their affection for
him, more from an admiration of his former po
litical career, than from a desire to embrace the
dangerous doctrine he was then attempting to
inculcate. At least, they were desirous to meet
their brethren in council, so that the principles
of the party might be called to remembrance, and
raeaiva the aanAtmn t aaarl iitvi
means a platiurm might have been laid downconsiuuems begin to greet them witn the. wei
upon which all could have rallied, regardless of. come plaudit of well done thou good and fahb-
ihe heresies or bigoted views of any ene man.
In short, it wa proposed to the Benton party, as
it was styled, that the whole party should meet
in a general convention, and ence more rally un
der the old motto of "Measures, not Men." It
was also proposed that, forgetful of minor differ
ences, they meet together as usual in district and
county copventions, for the nomination of can
didates to be run at the last election. When this
proposition reached the eara of Col. Benton, he
wrote the famous letter to John Smith, which
will long be recollected by the Democracy of this
State. He repudiated all connection with any
but his professed followers and serf, and de
clared his willingness "rather to ait in council
with the six thousand dead who died of cholera
iu St. Louis, than to sit in council with such
It 1 1 a 3
gang oj aeampa. n oraerea ms menu w
He ordered his friend
have nothing to do with them to drive them to
their own tickets to run a ticket of their own,
and defeat them if possible. That "the election
of whig would be a triumph;" and that "he and
his" could never be pure until they could get
clear of them.
Thus all efforts at reconciliation were defeated.
Compromise was out of the question. His
friends followed his advice, refused to council
with their brethren, and actually united with the
Whigs, in order to defeaf every candidate who
was not an avowed aod open supporter of Col.
Benton and all his silly notions. Thus was the
party overthrown, and thus upon his shoulders
must rest the responsibility of .the act, whatever
it may be.
The elect&n has passed, and the members re
turned to the Legislature have met at Jefferson
City. The remembrance of that election will
long be retained by those who are Democrats from
principle. The motto of Benton was "rule or
ruin;" and before the combined efforts of him and
the Whigs, whose fortunes he had embraced
merely for assistance in hia dying struggle, the
beit men were defeated, and Missouri almost
revolutionized in her political principle. Tbe
remit of that election is known. A large ma
jority of the Democratic party repudiated Benton
and his insolent appeal. The popular vote of
the State ia recorded against him and his friends,
although from the small counties they have sent
up Benton men, and Senator holding ever re
fuse to obey the instructions given them at the
polls by their constituents, by which means they
have a few more members than the Democratic
party; And after all this, let us see what is the
first thing done after meeting at Jefferson.
Col. Benton's friends meet in caucus and send
an impudent and insulting inquiry to the Demo
cratic, members, wishing to know if they will
meet them in oaucus and surrender at discreUon,
by sustaining auch nominations in the Legisla
ture aa may be forced upon them by the mere:
devotees of Tom Benton. They even call them
brethren, ia order to enjiee them into caucus,
where they may govern and, dictate their, own
terms where they may ensure the further sue-
cess of Benton, against the reoorded wishes of
the people and, the dearest interests of the State.
A short time aince they would, rather meet in
counoil with the ghosts of the departed, than
with the Democrats. They denounced them as
nullifiers and disunionists. They erected "a high
wall and a deep ditch" to make an eternal sepa
ration. They held their own petty conventions
and refused to mingle with the Democratio party,;
terming them Jlntiet, Rotttnt, and Softs.
How then do they dare undertake to add in-
suit to irriurv. hv-nitn-tha endeejiii'ia '
"brtthrthl" The bat u plainly beTerens. Ca j
Benton's sun Is set. His hones" are tort fe2ls-'
The soeptra ha departed from Israel. .'H, i
speech at St. Louis has disgusted U iWMi v
friends. They discover a little too late ti free.
sou procuTiuci, uu ara. aocKea u uai,nr x
position. .Yet father than abandon, bim to
fate,, and retrieve themselves. ,fromra .jtlilJ
in wbieh they stand as his advocates, they W,-j "
take to drive the Democratic perty totbejtfp.
port oi innr errors, wnen wmj must xaow lost '
sueh a course would smk the party, aij preseitf '
the State of Missouri as the advocate fijjan
and dangerous doctrines. ' zl'.'J. 7
We admire the replyxof tbe Democratio seam- I
bers. It is' worthy of the men, and Wertby of X
the principles of which they are the exponents. ',;
They say to tbem that whenever the followers of
Col. Benton are ready to abandon huheresi
to acknowledge the right of instruction as a fto-
damental principle of the republican platforsj,'
and once more unfurl to the breese the baanef
under which wa have heretofore been successful
and under which alone we deserve to conquer ; t
the banner insoribed with the rights of the peo-
pie and the rights of the States then with great i
pleasure they will join them as colaborers in a,
goodoause. This is the language of conscious
patriotism the plain dictates of justice, spring
ing from hearts honest end devoted to ' the peo
ple's interest, regardless of. the siren songs ef
ambitious demagogues, and unintimidated by the.
parade and pomp of office, or the power of place.
For this noble and magnanimous rebuke, they
will receive the heaitfelt gratulatibns of the peo
ple, t Let them stand firm in the good raith, juise
duced bv flatterv and unmoved bv fear. '' Thcv
are shielded by a panoply powerful to protect
them in every emergency the shield of pbblic
opinion their position will be appreciated by a
discerning people, and already their confiding
If ill servant." ' . - ..; i ,'
The Lefislatorn.- ' . i :
It will be seen by the Telegraphic Dispatches
which we publish (hat the two houses haying
organized, are working along hi peace and quiet.
It is to be sincerely hoped, in consideration of
the short time they have to remain,' and the vast
amount of businesa before them, that regardless
of an bickerings about the elevation of mere men,
and the gratification of political prejudices',' thty
will earnestly eet to work, that good may rttult
to the people from their acts.-
By dispatches oi a later date, we learn , that
Thursday last was aelected for the election of
U. S. Senator. : The whig, in caucus, had casa-
inated Henrv S. Gever: the Bantost-mem had
noKI-D,ted their matter of CMr4e wtirti
to ... fi , . , ... ... .i,....,..
unto Ibe end of the session. The DemocHtthal
elected James S. Creep as their candidate,--r
We have not learned what other, name were
used before the caucuses. There existed some
such rumor as that the Benton-men would aban
don Benton, and offer as an olive brancb the
name of Gov, King. Such a thing was ridicu
lous In the extreme, for two reasons. The first,
that though Gov. King Is good enough man' of
ths sort, yet he is not of the right sort, and total
ly unfit for the station. The second is, that Ben
ton's frowns would forever hang over that 'man
who would dare to leave himpr refuse tp evince
his entire subservience by an eternal support of
him. From the Atli-Benton Democrats can't
expect support, as his principles are totally at
war with the conservative views entertained by
them, and dangerous to the Interests of the Sttte
at large ; and in addition to these frets, he dis
tinctly stated in hia John Smith letter, that "b
"would neither give nor take help.';. V ' . '-.
23" We bave upon our table ' the 1st ho. ef
the 3rd volume of the Uritu Statss MosTsir
Law Maoazins, published at New York, by
John Livingston. This periodica has been pub
hshed monthly for two years, asd haa entered
upon the third year greatly improved in appear
ance and in amount ol useful matter to the legsl
profession. " '
It is inteaded.iay a the author.that tbe work "thaU
ami a in judicious articles upon eseftng topicsyii
most ustful end interesting to ths profusion; tie
graphical skttchts of disiingvishsd Uwytrs, now
living, with vxll tsecuttd portraits ; earltoM
of the more abU and important decSini ofm
Courts in America and. Great Briidim- ulH
monthly alphabetical digtsts of aU cam of gene
al interest in Me Superior Courts of lav smef tfA
ty, loth in ths United States and EnglanaprM-
erly classified and arranged for trftrencvi&'
col notices of mew boohs, , and a list osV b
publications, together uyith artcord of the eredt
of the monlk, and a general misetlUneovs svrHj
of subjects of interest to the profession asvtU.
to t he general reader." ,rjv--r .; .'. v.,J
To the profession, this work cannot All U
ef the greatest value,1 conUitunr as it ddet'
earliest information of the most impcrtant'dscS
ions, and valuable ibstruU foca (ho mostVeoti
reports.' No lawyer or' Judge ibould, be wE
out it; and the legislator, "jrfll find it a west r"
the greatest interest and profit .'"'.', rX ;
Cach Ne. contains at Jeaat 104 octavo par-
Si number will make a laroa mfiizaa. tbrWaiP
the Editor prepares and sends to hb snbsesn
a title page and index. " The work n puelbbt
at the low price of five dollars a year, peyabk 9
advance;" ' " t : ' t ti 8W