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rffSLIf BED BT '
: A. J. PICKETS.
ogle copy, per enum, in advance, - $1 60
If not paia wilhia xnret months, . - - 00
jf Mtpii4 iritbin tbe year, - 2 60
No naner U1 be dis continued oalesstne tame
be paid fee ep to tha time of discontinuance.
Bates r Advertising.
Twelve tinea or less, firat iniertion, - -
Cut additional iniertion. - - - - - 88
Yearly and quarterly advertisement! at reason
m -r -,...
'UitiTxn We Stand Divided Wi Fall."
VOL. 6. LOUISIANA, PIKE COUNTY, MISSOURI, MONDAY, FEBRUARY 1851. NO. 84.
Ageats fer the Ban wet.
3. F. Murray, Bowling Green.
John L. Tribble, Spencerburg.
Dr. John C. Welborn. Frankfor.
. Dr. Nathan Vannoy, Vannoy's Mill.
. j R. H. Johnson, Ashley.
' ' G. Minor, Pralrieville.
A. M. Thomai, Paynesville.
; B. P. Clifford and ,..v:iu
. Wm. Nalley, $
Col. Jee. H. Britton, Troy.
Tall B, Corniok and c-.-Cr
lA 1 W. IMm. ( Cap-au-Uray.
Company; whicn was patted. t
Mr. Jennings from a feleet committee,
reported a bill to organise the county of
Mr. Hatcher introduced a resolution
thanking Cot. Benton, for the copy of the
r. I J" I I J A i:
w r r.i n IJOnereSSIonai Oinge anu npprnuu, lire-
, c . .,"u""T.'C !.ented to the Honse, and providing for their
1!! TSsr the the St.tnLibr.ry, whichwa.
pose eftakiaeup business from the House; which
was arrecd to. and on his motion an sot to organ
tt the county of Dent was taken up and passed
jonn vs. xac&ae.
Dr. W. B. Adams, Danville.
Col. William Priest, New Lee don.
ferred to the Committee on Internal Improve'! On motion of Mr. Allen, of St. Charles,
ents. j the bill to incorporate the St. Louis andSL
The wolf scalp law came up. Thia bill al- Charles Railroad Comrjanv. was taken ut
lows $1 for a wolf scalp, and authorising Juli-Lnj pas5ed.
cesof the Peace to give certificates. On motion, the Senate adjourned till to-l
Tik& ,amiiriniii nrAnncif mm ia amend, re. I ' M
... . I !. j . - i:..t-1 morrow.
ler, and oinerwise dispose oi u, aim uoi wuc
The question was taken on the. passage of the
bill, when it wm defeated, yeas 46, nays 64.
Mr. Kermett, from a select committee, report
ed back the bill incorporating the St. Genevieve
and Iron Mountain and Pilot Knob Plank Head I
A bill amending the law regulating mar
riages was taken up. Tliis till provides for
supplying proof of marriage, when the per
son performing the ceremjny 1ns failed to
We cut the following good hit from the
last Eanesville Guardian:
Latest Act. Be if enacted by the Leg
islative Council of Typos and qttiU drivers,
that henceforth, where there is a printing
press in operation it shall not be binding
upon the public to pay attention to the
written notices posted up about town, when
the same may appear in print at a low rate.
To be in force from and after its passage.
Approved, Dee. 25th, 1850.
JOHN TYPES, Governor,
Matthias Compositor, Sec'y.
Mr. Jackson, of Randolph, presented a me
morial to Goner ess praying a grant of land for
the construction of the north Missouri Railroad; file the proper certificate
Mr. Younz. from 'he select committee to whom
was referred the petition- of citizens of Boone,
Randolph and Audrain counties ..praying the or-
gamzation of a sew county, to be called Boor
boa, reported that it would be impossible to ef
fect that object until the Constitution was chang
ed. Mr. Roberts , from the sejaet committee to
whom was referred the bill to organize the coun
ty of Vernon, reported the same back, and re
commended its passage.
' Mr. Brooking moved to by the bill on the to-
Die tor ten days; wfnen passed,
v;. . i nriatinn.. Read a first time.
- On motion the bill was referred to a Select Mr. Clark moved to change i s location
Committee ef one from each Judicial District to the farm belonging to the State U niver-
Mr. Broadhead introduced a bill to amend an; sit y
On motion of Mr. Clark, it was amended
by adding indictment and imprisonment to
the existing penalties for marrying a minor
without the consent of tue proper person.
The bill was passed.
Mr. Ruble reported a bill to prevent
shooting at a mark across or along a high
Mr. McPherson made a report from the
Committee on Education accompanied by
Brevity In Woman,
We find, in a California diary, the fol
lowing glorification of a quality we are not
.i ia 1:1,. u a .r r.. .,t."
is very well,- but a woman of few words is a
matter open to argument;
"I encountered, to day, in a ravine, acme
three miles distant, among 'the gold wash
ers, a woman from San Jose. She was at
work with a large wooden bowl, by the side
of a stream. I asked her bow long she had
been there, and how much gold she aver-
Slie replied, "Three weeks
From the St Louis Intelligencer.
While nature has done so much to favor ill
cultivation of Flaxseed throughout most of
the Western States,& while the demand for
it is unlimited in all our rorrketsi at remun
crating prices, is it not singular that farmers
have given so little attention to its proline
tion? -Having been raised in Western New
York, where thu article is one of the great
staples with the farmer and having seen
tiow4Btici the Uhio farmer depends npon
it for a large portion ef ha yearly recipW, I
have been surprised'to End, that in all this
region of country, accessible from St. Louis,
so little attention is paid to it where, from
the nature of the soils, and the enterprise
of the farmers, one would expect, instead of
a few hundred, hundreds of thousands of
bushels. The reason its production is so
small, is unquestionably because the thing
lias not been introduced, nor any pains ta
ken by any body to bring it before the farm
ers and this is sufficient reason for this
article from the writer, who has been con
versant with the subject from his youlh
In raising Flaxseed, very little or no at
tention should be paid to the fbrt. - The
farmer should start out with -this distinct
principle, that to make the crop profitable
h- must expert to count the straw nothing
and look to the seed for profit. To seed
well, it must be sown so thin that the fibre
is too short and too coarse to be of much
account. Six or eight quarts of seed, (or
less, if it can be well and evenly scattered,)
per acre, is enough. Sown thin, it branches
seed a day."
j r u i :.i J ... r
anu an ounce. iicr renj niiunucu ram , , - , , , v
an anecdote related by Judge B , who dwn low, and seeds better th.nhen.own
i , f- "Li.., I .i,j' as thick as is reqnireo in raising tor u.
a bill to establish an Asvlum for the Deaf j . . , . . "... j ..i,.jiat1hick as is required in raising
and Dumb. This bill provides for taking . u a a:a j It should be harvested when the balls ar
. - . . . ..- . . n t. ' iiilii hifw uic i ui'i i hiiu . ,, , . .1. f 1 1
nnrtinn srti Lunatic Atvium airuuoni . . , r - ... .. ..TT.iin me vriiow. anu leuin swaiiiaie
. . . i. . i I - " iviiBi fiiu vnii irfi 1 1 1 r vnur nuupir i y if .
. PToaeasao introduced a mil to mn ann , f tl n.wn,. nnointint? commissioners. . . - ' Vt i
ibe the number of Judicial Circuits. and,fo' t,,,Pur??e' 1"? L ' kn "epence," was the reply.
I to refer it to the Committee on the Ju4i- "".""'"V V " " ' 1 "Ah!" said the judge to himself : she is the
act fixinjr the salary ef iiiiflcial officers.
fTfais bill fixes the salary of Supreme Judges
at f 2000, Circuit Judges $1750. and Circuit At
tornes a at $500 per annual, and was reBsreed to
Mr. Hudspeth offered a resolution tendering
the thanks of the Senate to the Hon. Tho. H
Benton for copies ef the Congressional Globe
and Appendix agreed to.
Mr. Ellison introduced a bill ta amend an act
concerning constables, which was referred to the
Committee on the judiciary.
' Mi. Rannells introduced a bill to amend an act
concerning perpetuation of testimony; which was
referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.
Also, an act directing in what manner, and in
what Courts, the State may be sued; which wss
rererred to the committee on the judiciary
Tho Senate resolved itself into Committee of
the Whole on the Pacific and Hannibal and St
Joseph Railroad bills: and after some time spent
in discussing the same, rose, reported progress,
and asked leave to ait again.
On motion, the Senate adjourned till 2 o'clock
Hooss, Mr. Richardson moved a reconsid-
ntien of the vote of yesterday laying on the ta
Jblt the bill repealing the 11th and 12th sections
of act 2, regulating costs in criminal eases, and
spoke u uver or the bui.
It was reconsidered.
Mr. Holmes opposed the substitute, which ex
empts St. Louis from Us operations, and moved
Mr, Crockett supported the exemption of St.
Louis county. He thought the officers in Saint
Lowa-were liberally paid, and be was opposed
to exorbitant salaries.
. Mr. Hill replied, in fsvor of repealing the a--BsendiBeBf.
Mr. Clark spoke at soma length on the same
Side.. . ..... fc ...f.
.The amendment waa rejected.
Mr. Frost offered an amendment to the effect,
that, on conviction, the witness for the defendant
shall be paid by the State or county. He spoke
tin defence of his proposition.'
' Mr. Benjamin moved to fay ft on the table,
which prevailed eyes 69, 56.
Mr. Clark moved an amendment providing that
arhea a party is convicted, and is unable to pay
ne fees of. witnesses, the State shall pay their
fees where they are summoned to compulsory
Koef ,Ue jnpporUd bis amendment at some
. Mr, Sims replied, .contending that the present
law made sufficient provision.
-' Mr. Sanders replied to nr. Sims. He was in
JaVorof paying witnesses
"Iff. Crockett was opposed to the amendment,
ox ne Mongnime wimessns should e paid hair,
.and he was wiHingto allow this. He supported
his amendment, toOark'- proposition, and show
ed, the hMwtmim which the first proposi-
involved. ; . i i,.,.
After censiderabla discussion and exnlana
'(ions, as to the situation of the bill. Mr KenoeU
'0vd the previous question, which was sua.
fjdfiei' "This brought the House to a vote on the
eejjrinaf b3T and amendment as reported by the
CoeMaJtteei Tfaevvto stood, ayes 71, nays 82. !
Tha bia,e fNased only repeals the 12th see
1iee, and will considerably increase tha expen
ses of the counties. .
A.tgl awwsuins? . the 80th section f an act
Msmaiac slavea, Baased. (
Hi W tosadtkechaxtoT oftlMPaciRail-
Mr. McPherson explained. The Lnnatic
Asvlum is situsted on a tract containing
J - I
460 acres. There are forty acres belong-
back, proposed, was accepted, and married
'Un'iri me yrtiow, anu leuin iwiuiiiewuoun.
chine, as well as wheat or barley. Wher
ever wheat or com can be grown, flaxseed
can be profitably raised. Eighteen bushels
girl for m; no word lost t lie re: turned
ru : 1j. :u -.j -
the next week: and a more happy co.mle r-'l"mr.-.33'YrVr":Z
the conjugal bonds never united; the nup-
jtwenty-fnur bushels are obtained. Nocroji
tial lamp never wanted; its ray was steady", J " " v . . .
and cl.sr to the last. Ye who paddle off,"'' s',
. , , ; crows will noi pun Ii. oow as vmwij mm ure
t . j ... .!,. crnwi win not nn
... T. - . - . -.nmmtnA B-lll Mrn1f in tll CTiritlir. aflfl tt
n. ...d ninenence" i reany mr i.arvesung oeiore wnr.,, ,-.,
ng to the State, separate from the bers,ji . tf 'k
bv a wide road, at a remote distance, on . .
. - j - 1 f U IS IV lllfJ IHCC SHU ilSISt- lirilVT 1- f It" l
which are. OU. aing. erec.ru, worth n fw f nd memnehoy Ju r-u.rn, ,r yn r i.onr, .
small appropriation for improvements, r)Jmeg ever pennej. 'imniiths. One dollar per bushel is sn
be sufficient for some years. I 3 year to year, often will bring consi
Mr. Bsvlv confirmed these statements.
and made some further remarks as to the
Worth now in this market $1 65. in
23-Let your home be provided with such ir- ei rz, T?r.n.;i,U n,pn 1,-,-
IIU IllflUr filllic sjaas ( f . . as vsnt.iis h a w. a.ir - - -
onnortunilv of immediately commencing the """ "v,""',have offered to contract f..r next year etl
institution' - ! potatoes, pots, and kettles, briishis.orooms. g W,v. then, will not farmers look at this
Mr. Crockett opposed the mendmant;'7?,"e''e"c,,.,r,lJ'Mpe,,,. craf k" jaul.ject, and make it a source of income?
It was rriected. and the bill ordered to be," -. -.""" Theie isrt present a marl.inery in opera-
engrossed. oiuons, integrity, vinegar, ana wisuom -:,ion herf f to consnme 300.000 bushels of
Mr. Wilgus introduced a bill to provide! these on hand and happiness will mi one or lwo,aild phaps
a . . Miitli Ilnn'l flvinlr nna-l Ii S i re SSi f V - 1 " . ... .
for the education of the blind referred to(."D . '" J & ".," ! three other works, will go into operation
k mmmm a W sSlfr Vt Tl TV
hf the Ln eit!raaailhsJ Wttt W, fDT
approving the defeat ef CoL Santos; tfaroogh the
election of ilr. Geyer,'(it otfuld not have been
accomplished otherwise,), is," that it, at once
throws open tlie door Tor the' re-nnioir of the
Denwratic par1yr! .Aa long as flie; contest for
Senator remained unclosed, and CoK Benton stood
in the way aa a candidate, there was so hope, no
prospect for a re-union. His name and his laie .
with the memory f old feelings a, attachments
clinging around them, would have been kept be-
rore the people, and served asa cominoea iui
bling block and cause of ntstraction and" division
to our paHy,; otvnowthat the "bone ar ms
lention" i removed, there can be no farther
struggle for its possession, and nothing remain
to prevent the Bemocrati: party from uniting
upon its old land' marks, and marching forth,
'conquering and to conquer." . Ne sacrifice of
principle stands in the way to prevent soch a
consummation. The friends of Col. Benton stifl
profess adherence to the doctrines al way a advo
cated by the party the doctrines held and eon
stantly avowed by the Democrats opposed to
Benton and therefore they have but to meet in
Convention, at the proper time, re -assert the
Baltimore platform nominate their candidates,
rally upon thrm aa one man, and regain tha an
cint ascendancy of the party in this State. ,
thing hut the most wilful and suicidal obstfaacy,
and we believe that U wHl it stsae, a surely aa
the ides of March, 1852, shall roll rounds ;'-
Mr. Benton, finding all his hopes n Missouri
cut off, with nothing to contend for, will at once
set himself about consnmmatine his alliance with
the free-eoilers; and -we solemnly believe that
ere this time twelvemonth he will be the aaevad
head of the Free Soil party... and their eboaen
candidate for President, independent of a nation
al nominating convention. Into such a coalition
hia friends here will not follow him; they will at
on!e abandon him,' and thus will be Teweved
the last remaining obstacle to a union of tha
party. Does any body donbt.Uus tacir A
tours Courier. . .. .
Democratic FiinciIes. .
The people, the only source of legitimate
ITie absolute ana usiing severaBce 01
Church and State. .
The freedom, sovereignty, and indepen
dence of the respective States. . . . .
The Union, a confederacy, compact, nei
ther a consolidation nor a centralixation.
The Constitution of the Union, a special,
written grnt of powers limited and definite.
The eivil paramount to the military pow
The representative to obey tha instruc-
tions ol this constituents. - ''
. Elections free, and suffrage nniversaL
No hereditary office, nor order nor title.
No taxation beyond the public wants.
" No national debt, if possible. " " ,
No'eostly splendor of administration.
- No proscription of opinion; nor of pablio
disenssidn. . '
No nhneeessary interference with indivi
dual conduct, property cr speech.
No favored classes, no monopolies. ;
No public monies expended, except-' by
warrsnt of special appropriations.
No mysteries of government jnaccessable
to the public eye.
Public compensation for public servicer;
salaries moderate, and pervading economy.
Committee on Banks.
Mr. Hunter reported back the bill to fur
nish a contribution to the Washington Mon
ument. Various propositions were made to soar
range the bill as to send two blocks one
from .the Cape Girsrdsau quarry, and a
block from the Iron Mountain, or Pilot
Knob. The bill was finally ordered to bej
A memorial to Congress lor me reuei 01
the poor, wss passed.
The bill to nreserve the History of Mis
souri, by authorizing the Secretary of State
to subscribe for papers in the State, file
and preserve the same, was taken up.
Mr. Benjamin wished to exclude Aboli
tion pspers. Rejected.
The bill itself was finally lost.
Testerdsy evening the House held a night
icatmg, eat moderately, go about business, ,.i Tr,rillc. together, will make
after breakfast, lounge a little alter dinner. ;Bl,ket for 8Iiy qtla n,ilv produCed
dial aiier ica, anu sin ancr qiHrinimti ...
. -1 11 .1 I . - - a ki:. .i7 It is a common notion with farmers that
earth can afford shall be yours, till the grave fl 18 ,ver- ln l-d, and that
. . ". I more than one crop cannot be raised upon
viu.cv 11. rr 1 nil, miiia yivur auirua tiiv wi
. l a 1 1.1 n... T-
1 1 I ness of this is unquestionable where the crop
ti n ir mil, r. ' is raised for the fibre; but in raising for the
The Rev. Henry Ward Beechei, alter"1"" : . "., . , . H .
, , 11 ... seed exclusively, it is not correct. Jn this
denying a piace in neaven ior an acmrs . . , f ,
j r , . . 1 . country it is customary to sow from one and
and rlracp. i down nn tobacco chewers.t V ' . . .' .
and reminds them that there are no spit
One of the love-letter writers in the Home
Journal, blszes out in the following fero
cious manner: (and he didn't get her after
all, poor fellow!)
Good night, dearest. You are mine
a j: -a -r . i.. f tmne mine! Let me write it again and
business. As all the bills were purely pri
vate or local, I have not deemed it necessa
ry to telegraph them.
Gov. King yesterday evening gave an
entertainment, which was attended by a
large number of the members of both Hou
ses, and a brilliant galaxy of the fair. The
evening was spent in great hilarity.
Scnatk On motion of Mr. White, the
bill organizing the county of Bollinger.was
taken up and referred to a Select Com
Mr. Heed introduced a bill to establish an
Asylum for the Education of the Deaf and
Dumb; which was referred to a Select Com
mittee of thirteen.
On motion of Mr. White, the bill from the
a half to three bushels or seed to the acre,
which is sufficiently thick to cover the
ground; in consequence, the stalks crow
slim and long and the fibre is fine. In Ire
land where the flax is cultivated for the
fine fabrics, from 7 to twelve bushels ol seed
to the acre are sown, so that the crop is lit
erally a dense mass of fine slender stalks,
with'the most delicate fibre, but with nn
matured seed. The consequence in that
country and in this to the land is, that after
. . . t 1 .
sustaining such a crop, me sou seems so
entirely exhausted that it doei not recover
from it fnr vears. But in cultivating the
Kxrp it before the people, that advert!- crop for the seed only, the management of
. " " as a I." a.. V lw .
sing has enlarged many a small business; these crop and the results are quite ainereni.
again to know that a thunderbolt will not
erase it! Good night to mine!
has reived many a dull business; lias sav
ed ma:iy a lost business; has created many
a new business.
Where no calculations are made upon fibre,
and the crop raised entirely for the seed,
six or eight quarts to the acre is quite suffi
cient. In this case the stalk grow strong
IvnnviioTsiPiiLsi Our chorister f savs I and branch down to the ground each
the Broomfield corresnondenl of the Newark! branch loaded with fully matured seed
. - n .. a . a a I a al. I
Advertiser, U. &.1 tec unme music 01 ms own ,e fibre if course ana fiiori, ouiuie seen
Laho Waxahts. The newly executed
warrants that have just been issued repre
sent soldier returning to bis family, on
either side of which are American shields,
in the centre of which appear the figures
160. On the right of the certificate is a
faithful likeness of Gen. Taylor, and on the
left the miniature portrait of Millard Fill
more, the President.' The paper is also
embellished with martial and agricultural
devices, which give an agreeable finish to
Woman's Rizhl. A curious' trial has
just taken place in England. A man attemp
ted to kiss a married woman, against ner
ill, and had his nose bitten off. He brought
suit for damages. The jury, without hesi
tation, acquitted her; and chairman said
that if any man attempted to kiss a woman
against her will, she had a right to bite fff
his nose, if she had a fancy far so doing.
0The population of Virginia ia about
IvlOO.OO!). The State will lose three rep
resentatives in Congress by tha new apportionment.
House, more properly defining the limits of, would render them more readily adapted to the
Mississippi county, was taken up .Dd.che bad oomposed. Huggested to read-
to one of the psalms of Watts, in which occur
"Oh, may my heart in tune be found.
Like David's harp, of solemn sound!"
IK L:. . . f1. -ti.viata aatrarl tiia
u.: r. ...... rth... ii.... whirl, been in cultivation for a century, the iarm
VUUIIIUIUIIU Ul llCIf I vl .mm . ....... . - f
rr . . . - . . 1 . .1 1 : .1.. ......l . .ann nl OMta a t
plump and abundant. The sun has access
to the soil, and experience has shown that
this crop thus managed, is no more exhaus
ting upon land than wheat or barley, or oais
Thk Bark Embizzlsmbut We under
stand that Nathaniel Childs, Jr.. ha insti
tuted suit during the last week, against tha
President and Directors of the Bank of the
State of Missouri, for defamation of charac
ter, false imprisonment and malicious ilan
der, in the prosecution of said Child before
the Crimnal Court, in November,. 1849.
It seems that the counsel ' of Mr...jCbUdl
commenceed a similar suit against te. in-
"-J 1 r 1 ... : - ...
In Western New York where the land has V" T"- .7T' "1
To this suit the attorney of the flank ae
The good pastor had some internal tendencies
On motion of Mr. James, the bill organi
zing tha county of Stone, was taken up and
. . ... m 1
. On motion 01 svir. uraxe, me diii irom ins- his e-ravitv
tha Hons amendatory of an act inoorpora- he thought he could improve -the improved ver
tin thai eitv of Hannibal, was taken up and.sion
n - j . .
"Oh, may my heart be found within,
Like David s sacred violin:
ers ra.se nn .e a.mej grounu :" 'Jmurred upon the ground that the charter
every other yeer, , and I the -"f"1" J"'.did nol iotLix.th. bfficersofthe B.nkt.
and that the corpora-
commit the wrong complain
was done, the : diractere
to laugh in the singing man's face. but. mrinlaiii. "'"f "1 ' l"" " " - "m f " " " were liable individuaUy, and net the, oox
ing hi. gravity a. well a. he could, he said that.ve '" ,fl" '"iP" """T. " "-.I'poration. The Judge of the Common Plea
0j,7.,T" :.::.V: " . a. .rSI-Ciit su.t.rned th.-daurrer. end the eat.
On motion of Mr.' Chaw, the bill to in
corporate the Lexington and Daviess Coun
ty Railroad Company, was taken up and
referred to theConmittee on Internal la
"Oh, may my heart go diddle, diddle,
Like uncle David's sacred fiddle!"
Tha nuor leader, after 'a vain attempt to de
fend his awn narodv. retired, and I guess be will
still sing the psalm as it stands.
ana ueiav 01 me uuo i nui eir.i ,, . .
other-gettinw return, from the flax in four;1'" gone to tha Supreme Courij awntjC
.1 . . si.. it ;. vi.;i. .ith error. In the meantime another auit has
-heli 1 ol tweJU ' ' Withlbeen bronglit egeiriat the i.tfre directory,
wheat ,t u ton or MAN - individual., ffr losing no time
tAS i LKN MA. wUlf the -hw .,,50,1 goes ttp to the Sa
St, Louis, Jan. 3051. . s '-nn CovrLSt- Lovit Republican. '
umiu uqi, ana was nnauy. re-