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THE SCOTT COUSTY NEWSBOY.
PHIL. A. 1IAFNEB, PablUhor.
10 our way In Itfo too much alone;
We hold ourselves too tar from all our kind;
loo often ire ara dead to nigh and moan;
Too often to the weak and helpless blind;
Too often nhore dlstrcn and want abide,
We turn and pass upon the other dido.
The other aide Is trodden smooth, and worn
By footsteps passing Idly all the day.
Where lie the bruised ones that faint and
Is seldom more than an untrodden way.
Our selfish hearts are for our feet the guide
They lead us by upon the other side.
It should be ours the oil nnd wine to pour
Into the bleeding wounds of rtrlckon ones;
To take the smitten nnd the sick and sore.
And bear them where a stream of blessing
Instead we look about the way Is wide,
And so we pass upon the other side.
Oh, friends and brothers, gliding down the
Ilumnntty Is railing each nnd all
In tender accents, born of gTlcf and tears!
I pray you, listen to the thrilling call.
You cannot. In your cold and selflxh pride.
Pass guiltlessly by on the other side.
OUK JACK TARS.
Something About the Early Wars
In Which They Fought.
The American navy 1ms a splendid
battle record in the early wars of our
country. From a recent history of the
navy, prepared by Edgar Stanton Mac
lay, A. M., a book reviewer gains the
following interesting facts:
Our people come honestly by their
aptitude for the sea through English,
Dutch and French ancestry, while even
Spanish and Portuguese strains were
not wanting, particularly, as Mr. Mac
lay notes, in Maine, a great state of
shipbuilders and mariners; and Italian
and Scandinavian admixtures also
came duly. Within twelve years after
the Pilgrims landed a hundred-ton
craft was launched in Massachusetts,
and in the following year one double
that size. By 1070 Massachusetts alone
had built seven hundred and thirty
vessels of from six tons to two hundred
and fifty, while in 1718 she employed
four hundred and ninctv-two vessels
aggregating twenty-five thousand four
hundred and six tons, and thirty-four
hundred and ninety-three seamen. The
exploits of buccaneers under men like
Kidd and Bellamy caused merchant
crews to be trained in the use of fire'
arms, while the whalers had their ad'
ventures in distant regions. Wars with
France in Canada, including two cap
tures of Port Royal and the reduction
of Louisburg, gave the colonists
taste of naval warfare, and all these
experiences served to prepare them
for duties afloat when congress, at the
outbreak of the revolution, resolved to
have a navv. The construction of five
ships of thirty-two guns, five of twen-
ty-eight and three of twenty-four was
ordered at the close of In.., and the
same vear fourteen merchant vessels,
suitable for cruisers, were purchased,
Our first naval commander was old
Copt. Ezek Hopkins, whose flagship,
the Alfred, was one of the eight cruis
ers collected as a squadron at Philadel
phia. Early in January, lTTrt. he boarded
her. and then, at a signal by Capt. Dud
Icy Saltonstall, First Lieut. John Jones
hoisted the first flag ever raised on an
American man-of-war a yellow silk
flag, embellished with a pine tree and
a rattlesnake and the motto: "Don't
tread on me." Capt. Hopkins sailed to
the liahamas. where a landing party,
under Capt. Nicholas of the marines
for as early as November 1), 1775, con
gress had ordered the raising of two
battalions of marines captured a fort
at New Providence with nearly eighty
gnns. Afterward the squadron fell in
with the twenty-gun ship Glasgow,
which, however, handled the Ameri
can vessels roughly and made her es
cape. It would be a long story to recount
the exploits of our young navy during
this war. In 1778 we had fourteen
hhips, carrying two hundred and thirty-two
guns, but the British had
eighty-nine ships on the North Ameri
can coast, with two thousand five hun
dred and seventy-six guns, so that, a
may be imagined, French navul co
operation was, much prized. But the
noteworthy naval feature of the war
was the energy of the American priva
teers. These and boat flotillas from
land captured in all sixteen English
cruisers, mounting two hundred and
twenty-six guns, and while the total
continental loss, including both wrecks
and captures, was twenty-four vessels,
with four hundred and seventy guns,
that of the liritish, according to Mr.
Maclay, was one hundred and two war
vessels, with two thousand six hun
dred and twenty-two guns, nnd about
"eight hundred vessels of all kinds
were captured from the English by
American cruisers, privateers and by
A Mr. Woodbridge testified to the
house of -lords that up to February 0,
1778, five hundred nnd fifty-nine ships
had been captured or destroyed by
American privateers, exclusive of those
retaken and restored, and that their
value was estimated, with their car
goes, etc., at more than nine million
dollars. Mr. Creighton put the esti
mate at eleven million dollars, and in
surance rates had been doubled. Mr.
Maclay further includes In the good
work of the navy of the revolution the
applying of munitions of war and the
capture of probably twelve thousand
prisoners, Including about five hundred
English soldiers, llcsides Ezek Hop
kins, the well-known commanders in
cluded Barry, Manly, McNeil and Hin
roan, but the hero whose fame eclipsed
all others was John Taul Jones. His
capture of the Drake, his raids upon
the shipping of Whitehaven, and his
immortal exploit in the Due de Duras
whose name he changed In honor of
Dr. Franklin to llonhomme Richard
when he destroyed the Serapls, off
Flamborough, make up one of the best
passages of this book. ,
The war with France was the se jond
great contest of our navy, lie fore It
broke out the demand by the Dey of
Algiers of a tribute like that which
waa paid by the powers of Europe had
stimulated congress to authorize the
building of three-forty-four gun and
three thirty-six gun frigates. It la In
teresting to find that even in those
day our constructors aimed to build
the beet ships in the world. Just
hundred yean ago, April 1, 1TW. the
secretary of war declared that these
frlgat "vparatcly would, be superior
to anjr European frigate of the usual
dimension; that It assailed by num
bers they Would always be able to lead
ahead In other words, that thev
would surpass other ships of their
class, both in speed and battery power.
Three of them had been built the
Others being abandoned when the
seizures by the French not only of
British vessels In American waters.
but even of American merchantmen,
brought on war. Vessels were hur
rldly procured from various sources,
and the Delaware seized the French
privateer Croyable, which was after
ward recaptured by the Insurgentc.
The Sans Parell, the Jaloux, and other
French privateers were subsequently
The most famous duel of the war
Was the one in which the Constella
tion, nndcr Truxton, captured the In
surgente, of forty guns, throwing
seven hundred and ninety-one pounds,
against our frigate's forty-eight guns,
with eight hundred and forty-eight
pounds. The Insurgente loHt seventy
killed and wounded, and the Constel
lation but five. Superior armament
and superior gunnery even at thnt
early date distinguished our war
ships. Afterward the Constellation
had a sharp conflict with the Ven
geance, which escaped after a battle
of five hours, in which she lost one
hundred and sixty killed and wounded,
or nearly half her crew, against the
Constellation's thirty-nine. The cap
ture of the Derccau by Capt. Little, in
the Boston, was another notable
event. After two and a half years the
war was ended early In 1801. Eighty
four armed French vessels, nearly all
privateers, mounting over five hun
dred guns, had been captured, most of
them by our government cruisers.
The French had captured no vessel ex
cept merchantmen and their own
Croyable, rechristened the Retaliation.
Meanwhile our exports under the pro
tection of the war ships increased
from fifty-seven million dollars in 179
to 878,065528 In 1709, sothat.lt "paid"
to build up the navy.
Many persons can still remember the
copper coin, or rather uncurrcnt token,
which bore the legend: "Millions for
Defense, Not One Cent for Tribute.
That sentiment goes back nearly a cen
tury, to the time when our countrr,
after yielding, ut first, to the European
custom of paying tribute to the Bar-
bary powers, broke away from it. The
bashaw of Tripoli, on learning that his
neighbors received larger tributes than
he, demanded more, and, on being re
fused, In June, 1801, declared war
against the United States. Capt. Rich'
ard Dale had then already been sent
out to the Mediterranean with a squad'
ron, and reinforcements followed. The
Enterprise began operations by captur
ing a polacre of fourteen guns after an
action in which the Trlpolltans had
twenty killed and thirty wounded out
of a crew of eighty.
Boat attacks on the enemy followed
but a grrat disaster occurred when the
Philadelphia, while chasing a xebec,
grounded, and was compelled to sur
render with all her oflicers and crew.
However, her commander, Capt. Bain
bridge, in a letter written with lemon
juice, which on being held to the fire
became legible, suggested to Capt,
Preble the plan of destroying the Phila
delphia at her anchorage. This feat was
splendidly accomplished by a picked
force under Lieut. Decatur, after board
ing the vessel and clearing her of the
Turks who guarded her. The capture
of a felucca followed, and then a series
of bombardments of Tripoli, together
with desperate hand-to-hand fights
with the Iripohtan gunboats. A sad
but heroic incident was the blowing
up of the ketch Intrepid, in which
Richard Somers, Henry Wadsworth and
Joseph Israel, three brave young onl
cers, perished with their men while en
deavoring to destroy the enemy's flo
tilla. Finally, the brother and rival of
the bashaw was induced bv.our consul
Eaton, to take up arms against him,
and Eaton himself, picking twelve
hundred men from a rabble of many
thousands, and reinforcing them with
a body of marines, captured Derne,
three of our vessels meanwhile silenc-
ing the shore batteries. Then, for the
first time, the flag of the United States
floated over a fortress of the Old
World. About five weeks later the
bashaw signed a treaty by which he
relinquished all claims to a tribute
and agreed to release our captive coun
trymen for sixty thousand dollars.
This was in June, 1805, and thus after
four years the war ended in throwing
off an ignoble yoke of piratical states,
while. our young navy had gained
great' prestige by brilliant deeds of
The war of 1812 brings us to a more
familiar story, opening with the
causes of the conflict, the affair of the
Chesapeake and the Leopard, and that
of the president and the Little Belt,
and then depicts the capture of the
Alert by Porter In the Essex, and the
famous race in which the Constitution
showed her heels to Brake's squadron,
Very soon, too, we get a spirited ac.
count of the brilliant victory of the
Constitution over the uuerriere. Mr.
Maclay tells us that three times Lieut.
Morris asked Capt. Hull if he should
return the enemv's fire, which had
made havoc in the American frigate.
and three times received Capt. Hull's
calm "Not vet, sir." But when the de-
sired position was gained, oil the ene
my s port quarter, the order came and
a terrific broadside crashed into the
Uuerriere. At the end of forty min-
utes she was a wreck. Mr. Maclay says
that Hull and the gallant Dacres had
often exchanged visits before the war
and that Dacres once bet him a hnt on
the result of a fight between their re
spective vessels, so that when Dacres
surrendered his. sword Hull politely re'
fused It, but added, playfully: "I'll
trouble you for that hat." The story
is good enough to be true. U hey re'
mained excellent friends after the war.
The second great frigate conquered
was the Macedonian, which sun-en
dered to the United States, command'
ed by Decatur, after a sanguinary bat
tie, In which she lost one hundred
and four, killed and wounded, out of a
crew of two hundred and ninety-seven.
When the Java, after a third
great battle, in which she was so rid
dled that she had to be blown up, sur
rendered to the Constitution, then
under Bainbridge, the London Times
emitted a prolonged wail. Lloyd's
list, it said, "contains notices of up
ward of five hundred British vessels
captured in seven months by the Amer
icans. Five hundred merchantmen
and three frigates! Can these state-
ments be true? Can the English peo
ple hear them unmoved? Anyone
who bad predicted such a result of an
American war this time last year
would have been treated as a madman
or t traitor." Then, Hiding tbt it
had been expected that in sevea
months America's flag would bo swept
from the seas nnd her little nav anni
hilated, it said: "Yet down to thil
moment not a single American frig
ate has struck her flag." However, a
change came when the Chesapeake,
tinU?r brave Lawrence, surrendered to
the Shannon, hndet" Broke, while the)
Essex, too, tinder Porter, after a re
markably bold cruise n the Pacific, wat
overwhelmed by a pair of antagonists,
the Phncbe and the Cherub. But she
had meanwhile captured four thou
sand tons of British shipping and had
dealt a heavy blow to British com
The American sloops did their part
as brilliantly as the frigates. The Pea
cock was sunk in nction by Lawrence's
Hornet, and the i asp, under Master
Commandant Jones, cut to pieces the
Frolic. The Argus, however, was
beaten by the British Pelican, and the
Viper and the Vixen fell into the hands
of big frigates without resistance. But
the Enterprise, under Lieut. Burrows,
who, like his opponent, was killed in
the action, gained a fine victory for
America over the Boxer. Perry s mag
nificent triumph on Lake Erie also be
longs to the period covered by this
Mr. Maclay rightly says that the
naval part of the war of 1812 was a
hard blow to British pride, and the
harder because America's laurels were
won bv a force which England had
ridiculed. The, London Statesman of
June 10, 1812, had declared that "Amer
ica certainly cannot pretend to wage
war with us. She has no navy to do it
with." But after the loss of two frig
ates the London Times declared "our
sea spell is broken." To appreciate
what our young navy really did we
must note that at the beginning of 1813
the British navv was "in the zenith of
its glory. It had matched its strength
against the combined navies of the
greatest maritime nations of the world,
and had come off a victor. In two hun
dred actions between single ships it
had been defeated but five times, and
on those occasions the British ship is
admitted to be of inferior force. But
in two and a half years of naval war
with the United States, British com
merce was almost annihilated, and in
eighteen naval engagements the royal
navy sustained fifteen defeats." Over
fifteen hundred English vessels and
more than twenty thousand seamen,
says our author, were captured In thil
The disparity in losses wos another
surprise to the British. At Trafalgar,
Nelson's flagship, Victory, lost fifty-
seven killed and one hundred and twa
wounded, out of six hundred men and
bovs; but the Java lost sixty killed and
one hundred and one wounded out of
four hundred and twenty-six, and our
Constitution had only nine killed and
twenty-five wounded. In the great
fight off Camperdown, the seventy-four-gun
ship Monarch, which lost most
heavily of all on the British side, had
thirty-six killed and one hundred
wounded out of five hundred and ninety-three,
whereas, in the eighteen
minute battle between the eighteen
gun sloops Wasp and Reindeer, the
English lost twenty-five killed and
forty-two wounded, and the Frolic, in
her battle with the Wasp, had fifteen
killed and forty-seven wounded out of
one hundred and ten, the American
losing only five killed and five wounded.
In easting about for the reason o(
the American successes we must doubt
less trace it, first to the fatal under
rating of our navy by the British.
They had been so accustomed for gen
erations to beating others against
odds that they forgot that it was a
different matter to uttack, in the same
way, men of their own beafaring race,
who not only built magnificent ships,
but who armed them more heavily in
proportion to tonnage, and manned
them with crows obtained by free en
listment, not by impressment. Sir
Howard Douglas admits how much the
liritish commanders, "who had long
been accustomed to contemn all
maneuvering," learned from the splen
did battle tactics of American sailors
like Hull. But perhaps the greatest
cauH of the American successes was a
superiority in gunnery, obtained by
constant practice, such as few British
ships undertook. The London Times,
commenting on the action of tho
Enterprise and Boxer, said "the fact
seems to be but too clearly estimated
that the Americans have some superior
modes of firing." The praise given to
the Constitution as au all-round fine
ship hy British officers was as hearty
us that which Vice Admiral Hopkins
recently gave to our New York. The
liritish also found tho Americans using
fine sheet-lead cartridges, which they
did not have, chuin and bar shot, and)
a new kind of grape shot and canister.
Such improvements they afterward!
adopted. Chicago Army Magazine.
Hoys Quicker Than Girls.
Dr. J. A. Gilbert, of the Yalepsychc-(
logical laboratory, has completed some
tests regarding the mental and phys
ical developments of the pupils of the
New Haven public school. Many ol
the tests are entirely new. The tests
were made on 1,'JOO boys and girls,
varying from 6 to 17 years of age. He
has made a series of charts which show
that boys are more sensitive to weight
discrimination; that girls can tell the
difference in color shades better than
boys, and that boys think quicker than
the other sex. Altogether tho charts
show that the boys are more suscep
tible to suggestion than girls. The
charts show also that both boys and
girls between the ages of 12 and U
years are not so bright, quick or strong
in proportion, nor do they develop as
fust as they do before' and after those
years. The object of the test is to
enable teachers to better understand
the mental requirements of the pupils.
Troublesome Door Bells.
Half the time when an electric door
bell will not ring, its owner can get
over the difficulty by shaking the,
glass jars or by adding a little water
to them. When the jars are placed in
a warm corner of the kUchen, which
sometimes happens, there is too much
evaporation aud the fluid gets too low
to complete the connection and start
the bell. Unless the apparatus has
been in use for a long time this can be
generally remedied by adding a tum
blerful of water to each jar and gently
shaking the mixture. This is a condi
tion of affairs which is especially indi
cated when a bell will ring when I
button Is first pushed in, but ceases al
A Tip .for the Egotist.
If every man could know what other
people are thinking of him all the titna
he would find out that the greater
part of the time they are sot thinking
of nim at au.tKmrviU Journal
Switzerland yields cheese, butter,
condensed milk, clocks and watches.
Ho can never speak well who
knows not how to hold his peace. Plu
tarch. The sexes were made for each other
and only in the wise and loving union
of the two is the fullness of health and
duty and happiness to ba erpected.
Customer "Is this a hair tonic that
you know well or" Clerk Well, I
should think so. It's been on the shelves
here for the last ten years without ever
being disturbed." Inter Ocean.
In Parvenudom. Sculptor "I
should think you would like a marble
bust of your husband." Mrs. P. "1
think not: the thrce-nights-a-week kind
Is enough for me." Detroit Free Press.
Of the presidents of tho United
States eight have been of Welsh de
scent John Adams. Thomas Jefferson,
James Madison. James Monroe. William
Henry Harrison, James A. Garfield. Ben
jamin Harrison and John Quincy Adams.
Catharine Parr, the lady who had
the singular good fortune to become
the widow of Henry VIII., would have
been in luck if she had remained a
widow. She married Sir Thomas Sey
mour, with whom she lived very unhap
pily, and finally died under suspicion
The Hydrographic office has issued
a report concerning wrecks and dere
licts. It is estimated that the average
period of drift is thirty days, but notice
Is called to the case of the three-masted
schooner Fannie E. Woolston. aban
doned October 15, 1891. and last seen on
February 20, ls'.H, a period of S50 days,
during which she drifted 7.023 miles,
the longest track of the kind on record.
Catherine de Medici, widow ol
Uenry II., ruled France with absolute
power for many years during the nom
inal reigns of her sons, Francis II. and
Charles IX. It was under her auspices
that the massacre of St. Bartholomew
was planned and executed. In her last
days she perceived the evil consequences
of her policy in regard both to the
people and the nobility, and advised a
One of the most famous widows of
antiquity was Agrippina, the wife ol
Germanicus. During the lifetime of
her husband she attended him in all
his campaigns and shared his dangers.
Suspecting that her husband had been
poisoned, she had his presumed mur
derer assassinated, nnd was herself
socn after treated with such indignity
by Tiberius that she was driven tc
despair and starved herself to death.
An old Scotch ladv who had no relish
for modern church musie was expres
sing her dislike to the singing of an an
them in her own church one day, whet
a neighbor said: "Why, that is a verj
old anthem! David sang that anthenc
to Saul." To this the old ladv replied.
"Weel, weel! I noo for the first time
understan' why Saul threw his javelin
tit Dav'd when the lad sang for him."
Lady Huntingdon, the illustrious
patron of the Methodists, was a widow
of forty-five years. She lived to be 9C
years old. and retained the vigor of
m'ddle life almost to the end. Her
benevolenees were innumerable, and
sh founded a number of chapels ami
ic'v ols f r t!i3 Meth odists. Not long
before her death it was estimated that
from a moderate -income she had ex
pended over f 10o,ou0 in public and pri
Someone who understands human
nnture has written the following:
Mother "I wish you would rake up the
dead leaves in the yard." Small Samniv
"I've got a sprain in my wrist, an'
the rheumatism in my back, an' grow
ing pains in my right leg. an' an'
cramps in my left one, an' hcaducb"
an' toothache." Mother "After yo"
have raked the leaves into u pile, yep
may set it on firo and jump over it.'
Sammy "Whoopee", where's the rake'"
The Carlisle (Pa.) Has and Water
Company recently asked for an injunc
tion restraining the Carlisle Traetior.
Company from laying its tracks above
the water nv.iins because of electriv
lysis. The case was argued May 2. and
Judge Sadler said, as it is an important
issue that involves millions of dollars
worth of property throughout the
country, it must be fully investigated.
Tho ca e was continued so that the
ra lway company may take testimony.
English collars have somewhat lost
popularity in New York. It is not
many years since collars of English
mak.j were usually offered to a man
when he asked for the best: but some
of the houses where this was the case
no longer keep such goods in stock.
One dealer in men's furnishing goods
gave as excuse for the change that En
glish collars are too heavy for summer
wear, and added that buyers sometimes
complained that such collars shrunk in
It was not until July 1, 147, that
the adhesive stamp was issued in this
country. May S of that year an act of
congress was approved, and stamps of
the denomination of five and ten cents
were issued. The five-cent stamp bore
the portrait of Franklin, and the ten
cent stamp the likeness of Washington.
In each case tho picture was enclosed
in a rectangular frame. In 1S51 tho
postage rates were reduced, and three
new stamps, one, three and twelve
cents, were Issued. Then came a twen-ty-two-cent
stamp and later on a thirty
Some unpleasant appearing statis
tics have just been issued by the French
government. Explanations of the fig
ures may come later to tone down the
evil impression, or explain it away. I a
18-S5 about 57,000 hectolitres of absinthe
were retailed in France; in 1302 over
126,000 hectolitres were similarly sold,
and there has been a marked increase
in the consumption of all other alco
holic drinks in the republic. Between
1801 and 18:5 the average annual num
ber of condemnations by the law courts
was 80.000; in 1S85 it had risen to 127,000.
Increase of population had little to do
with the increase of figures, for in re
cent years the excess of births over
deaths in the country had varied from
10,000 to nearly 40,000 a year.
Muskrats as Household 1'ers.
Mrs. Sarah Howard, of Houlton, has
two queer pets a couple of muskrats
that came up the drain Into her cellar
and thence even Into her kitchen. They
have now got so tame that they eat out
of the cat's saucer and show no fear of
that individual, who on her part does
not deign to notice them, though her
kittens sometimes cuff the rats. One
day they got straw and pieces off the
broom and made a nest under the cup
board. They will come close to one's
chair and smell one's hand 'when
reached down to them. W'hnn eating
milk they sit beside the saucer, thrust
both paws into the milk, and then lap
It from their paws, sometimes taking a
half hour to consume a sinU f auoer ol
milk -Lewistoii Journal.
'You cannot judge a man by tha
imbrclla he carries." "Why not?"
"Because the clianccs arc it belongs to
Business Man (hurriedly) "What
do you want to get me to the Grand
Central in five minutes?" Cabman
(thoughtfullv) "A new horse." N. Y.
Admiral Stump "Miss Swiftly
looks like a very trim craft under the
gas." Mr. Civilian "O, yes:sheisone
of those ships thut pass in the night,
don't you know." Toronto Mail.
Punne "I proposed at the meeting
that a penny collection be taken up."
Dunne "How was the proposition re
ceived?" Punne "A murmur of a cent
rose from all parts of the house." De
troit Free Press.
Uncle '-Now. Robbie, if I gave
you twenty cents and Ned promised
yon ten mure how much would you
have?" Robbie '-Twenty cents."
Uncle "How can that be?" Robbie
'(."(liise Ned wouldn't pay his." Inter
"Did you have music nt the Blunk's
reception?"' "Yes. one young lady
sang -Daisy Bell' three times in succes
sion, anil every one enjoyed it." "How
could they?" '-It kept Blank from tell
ing ull his stories over again." Inter
A little American boy, who has a
German governess, was taught by her
a German evening prayer. When he
went to bed he folded his hands and re
peated the prayer, adding after the
"Amen." in a reverential- tone, the -explanatory
words: "Das ist Dentsch,
One ob de average man's greates'
mistakes." said Uncle Eben. '-am payin'
too much "tention ter de mistakes dat
comes undah 'is notice in uddah people.
Dah ain" no sense in gittin' ober an'
pullin' up de weeds in anuddah man's
gyahden." Washington Star.
Mamma '-What is the matter?'.
Little .laek "Me an' sister was playin
keep house, an' I was the papa an' she
was the governess, an' she told me tc
kiss her, an" when I did she slapped me
hard boo, hoo! I didn't know that waj
in the game." Mamma (thoughtfully)
"Neither did I." Pearson's Weekly.
A little girl who had a fondness for
long words was one day playing school
with her dolls. She was speakingquite
emphatically, when her mother said:
Mv dear, do not speak so loud: it is
better to speak gently." "Yes, mamma,
but V' m see I wish to make a deep in
dentation on mv scholars." Youth's
Cobras In u Dcwprteil Indian Bungalow at
The town of Bhangulpore. in India
lies in a low. moist valley. There the
conservator of forests took up his resi
dence when he was reporting on the
state of wmi-' woods in Bengal. He
found the bungalow in a very dilapi
dated -:ond!tion. The "chut" a white
washed coiling cloth stretched horizon
tally at tho height of the walls, and
hiding unseemly beams an I rafters
was full of holes. So also was the
thatch, as he knew from the patches of
blue sky to he seen here and there.
I sent for the owner of the house, and
ordered him to make the building thor
"Sir." ho replied, "it is the dry sea
son. You only want the house for a
month or so. an.l during that time there
will not lie a drop of rain. What need
1-. there for repairs?"
He was plausible, but still I insisted
on having the plu.-e put to rights. The
next day when I rea.h-e I the bungalow
I found four or five t hatchers and some
servants loitering out-i.le. but not a
hand's turn of work ha l been done.
Moreover, it wa-. evident that they had
not the slightest intention of begin
ning, for one of the thatehers ap
proached me with j iuel hands and
"You may hang me if you like, sahib,
but I cannot work at that house."
"Why. what is tho matter with it?" I
asked, wondering' y.
"Come nnd seel''
Calling the other workmen, who had
tied their h ike. I iron tools to tho ex
tremities of long bamboos, we ap
proached the house, and then, standing
by the doorways, began cautiously and
apprehensively to pull down the chut,
or ceiling cloth.
The sight that met our eyes absolute
ly beggared description. Tho whole
of, thatch, rafters and beam, seemed
literally alive with cobras. They
swarmed in hundreds: hooded crests
and angry heads hisedat us froVn every
nook and corner. On examining the
house further e found that th walls,
made of sun-diied bricks, wcrfl com
pletely honeycombed with holt and
snakeehannels: audit wascvidel t that
the cobras had Used the spot foi rears
as a sort of nursery for bri ngil-.g up
their vounsr. I ftm clad to adil that.
next dav. the bungalow was burned to
the ground. cith s t ompanion.
HE WAS A MILLIONAIRE,
And I'nclo Kzry nntVAunt Susan Knew lut
What .Millions Were.
Uncle Ezry and his wife. Susan. Vere
in town one day from the plantation
seeing the sights. As they stood on
a street corner a tine looking, elegantly
attired, well-fed man drove by in a
"Gollyl" exclaimed the old woman;
The old man didn't know and his wife
sent him to a police ir an near by to leart..
"Who am dat genmun, boss?" he in
quired of the officer
'He's a millionaire," replied the po
"What am dat. bow?"
"That's a man who has several mil
lions." Uncle Ezry thanked bun and went
back to Susan.
"Well," she Inquired, "who am de
"He am a millionaire."
"Dat's a gemman what lias scv'ul
"And what am millions?"'
Uncle Ezry had forgotten to ask the
policeman this question, and he wes
thrown out of his reckoning by it, but
he began to think.
"Why, chile," ho tald after a moment
or two, as his face brightened, "doafi'
you know what detn is? Jcs'look ot
do tine keep ob do gemman, an' you
ain't gwlnetcr be asun no questi'ns like
"iV de Lawd!" the burst out, with
the rich spontaneous laugh of her raco,
"Co'se I knows. It sutney am watt--
millions." Detroit Free Press.
Manners Had Departed.
Little Johnny Whoop! cThe girl
has gone away
Little Ethel-Whut of it?
Little Johnny Now we won't ha
to leave an, cake for manners, -Qoo4
Rusk Pudding. Heat dry, stala
oread in the oven until hard, then roll
Hne and soak in milk until swollen,
afterwards adding sugar nnd a couple
of well-beaten eggs, a pinch of salt and
baking. Chopped sweet apples arc an
addition. Eat w'itl milk or cream and
lugar. Orange Judd Farmer.
Baked Codfish. Scald the fish;
ihred it very fine. Boil some potatoes;
while hot put In a large lump of butter;
mash them thoroughly, mix potatoes
ind fish together, and beat to a cream
with a wooden spoon. Put the mixture
into a pudding dish, butter the top and
bake until nicelv browned. Use one-
third more potatoes than fish. Boston
-Pickled Cherries. Put cherries into
a jar nnd pour over them as much hot
vinegar and sugar as will cover them.
To each gallon of vinegar allow four
pounds of sugar. It should be boiled.
kimmed, and while hot poured over
the fruit. Let stand a week: pour off
the vinegar and boll as before: pour hot
over the cherries a second time. As
soon as cold, seed closely. House
keeper. Buried Salmon. As soon as the
salmon is caught, open it and cut out
the spinal column. Wash it in clean
water and dry on a clean towel. Rub
the fish on the meat side with a table-
spoonful of sugar, and on both sides
with some fine salt. Place it with some
dill in a large clean stone jar, and turn
it daily for two or three days, when it
is ready to eat. either as it is or broiled.
Dill always improves the taste of
salmon. Harper's Bazar.
Citron Cakes. One pound of po-r-dereil
sugar, one pound of sifted Hour
mixed with one teaspoonful of baking
powder, six whole eggs i or the yolks
from the preceding recip.1. with I wo
eggs mixed with a little milk, will do
as well), four ounces each of citron a id
orange peel cut in small pieces. Stir
the eggs and sugar for n quarter of an
hour, add the other ingredients nni
bake in small cakes on buttere.1 pans.
Perhaps it may b? necessary to add a
little Qour. Good Housekeeping.
Wilted Lettuce. Place in a vegeta
ble dish, lettuce that has been very
carefully picked and washed, each lotii
by itself, to remove all insects. Cut
across the dish several times, am!
sprinkle with salt. Fry a slice of fi t
ham until brown: remove meat: hor.1
the grease until Very hot: add one cur.
of good vinegar, and pour it boiling hot
over the lettuce. Be certain to hav
the fat so hot that when the vinegar is
poured in it will boil immediately. Adt
half cup or a cup of vinegar, according
to the strength of vinegar and quantitj
of lettuce. Farm. Field and Fireside
Celery Soup. Cook two small head;
of celery ifrom which the green leave;
have been removed) for forty-five min
utes in a quart of water in which c
hicken or leg of veal has been boiled.
Boil a pint of milk, half an onion and a
prig of parsley together. Mix twe
even tablespnfuls of flour with font
tabiespoonfuls of cold milk and add tc
boiling milk: cook ten minute-.. Mas!
elerv in the water in which it has beer
cooked and stir into boiling milk: adc
wo tablespionfuls of butter, salt and
pepper to taste. Stra'-i- and serve al
once. A cupful of c'tM-n added just
af'er the soup is put ir. V the tureen i
a great improvement.--i'urm an.l Fire
side. LAYING THE FOUNDATION.
How Arrhlterts Il:ie Ovorcouip 0:ie oi
Chicago's Natural o:f :iclc.
Foundations for large t hicag build
ings are constructed in a peculiar man
ner owing to the n iture of the materia'
underlying the city. The site was
originally a wild rice swamp, whicl.
has hee'i gradually filled in until tht
streets are now at an average eievatior
of about 14 feet above the water level
f the lake. All large cities have au
artificial top stratum, but Chicago is
unfortunate in having below the arti
ficial filling and the thin natural tor
layer of earth a jelly-like mass of claj
of very variable depth. The sustaining
power of this clay is only from ;'.so i to
4 o,ri pounds a square foot, and on this
count it has been customary until re
cently lor the architects of high build
ings to support them by spreading
floors of concrete and steel beams ua-lei
each wall and column. r.vcn with
uch web-footed foundations, build
ings sometimes settled unevenly, pro
ducing cracks and endangering tlu
lives of their occupants, the great
Board of Trade building being p ! h ips
the most noteworthy instance of this
llecently some of the largest buildings
have been provided with deep pilt
foundations, reaching entirely through
the jelly stratum into the linn, hard
y below-. The Stock Exchange
bu lding now going up is an
example. It is 110 feet, 4 in.-h-js
wide and 10 feet, 9 inches long,
uk tsiirod on the building lin.-. al
though the foundations are extended
beyond these limits in order to .--.mp n t
the walls. The piles used wiv .vi feet
long and driven in clusters about :: feet
apart. A steam hammer was employed
t drive th'.-ni, which weighel S -l'l"
lounds and was provided whh a 4.4)i-
p mnd tup, or striking part, having a
stroke of S1 j feet. With this hamv.i.-:
piles were driven in one month.
tach pile being so spaced as to support
a weight of at least thirty tons. Tim
bers 1-J inches s'jua re were laid n.-ro.-.s
the foundation on top of th-p lciand
covered with a grillage of Mmi ur tim
bers running at right unglc to the
first set. On these a concrete and steel
beam base was ma le for each column
or wall, the total amount of stc -1 re
quired being about Wt tons. On ono
ide the foundations joined those of t uc
Herald" building, and as piles could
n it be driven here there walls caarried
by w.dls from 5 1 1 (I feet 4 incite in
dia-neter. f iled with oon-.-rete. Th.-sj
were exj ivaUd do.va to th har 1 ol.iy
substratum by means of a e'r.-ular
sheathing of oik st-iv s l-.c d i pi ic
bv t-te?l Tin.?. When t e omcvte
hardened thesi w. lis b.-e inns oi uha-l-nt
to pier, sujh a i -uppi-i b:-.i'g s,
th.1 o dy d ff.-rence b -in, th r . m tilor
diametj.- n prop trtion to ta s r Ir g.'i
Th-' C3 -t f sa J i fo jndatlons is etai .-1
to bi abiut thj sains us thnt i-i V.:
wiile-sprcaling ooncrete an I sUel typo
which has bjan s long m use, while
they tak J up but very little room above
the &oor level of tho basement, In
which riipect they differ again from
ths spread foundation. Their use L.
gradually lucreaslng and ain rag th
recent buildings built on them i re to
awv Illinois Central station, tlu Art
Institute, ail the Medina Temple.
Passenger- How far can I go on this
Conductor n-lltely) From one end
of it Vt tha olnor DeUvll t rot Pre
FARM AND GARDEN.
BOX FOR TYING WOOL.
Bov to Tot It Together and Dtreetlewa
for Its l w.
E. E. Kaufman, Fargo, N. D., pre
sents in the Orange Judd Farmer ta
excellent device for tying wool, a good
representation of which is given in the
illustration. It is somewhat similar to
one described and illustrated several
weeks ago. In this we have the flat
surface three feet square which may,
be loosely placed upon an ordinary!
table. However, it will probably be
found more satisfactory if a special
table Is constructed using the box for
' hVm I
E ' 3
5 Is S
A BOX FOB TYING WOOL.
the top. In either case the table must
be provided with a foot lever as shown
in the lower cut. The middle board ia
solid and the outer ones fastened to it
by means of hinges. The outer boards
must be free so that they can be
raised to a vertical position. The mid
dle board is covered with a strip of
leather one foot wide which is firmly
fastened at one end of the board. A
strip of iron is riveted across the other
end of the leather to the middle of
which a light chain is attached. Just
inside the strip of iron are three holes
in the leather indicated by n, H, It, in
the upper cut. S, S, S, are grooves
made in the leather for holding the
twine in place. To prevent waste of
string use three separate balls of
twine, which can be kept in a box un
derneath the table. Draw the twine
up through the holes H. H, H, place
it in the grooves S, S, S, and fasten
in the notches X, J, If, at the'
front end of the table. Spread
out the fleece and turn up the side
leaves and fasten them with the hard
wood hook. Now take up the loose
end of the leather and turn it toward
the front of the box rolling the fleece
at the same time. Pass the end of
the chain over the front of the table
ond hook it to the foot lever as shown
in the lower cut. By pushing the foot
lever downward, the fleece can be
rolled tightly. Bring the ends of the
twine through the holes in the leather
Bnd tie. The knots will pass back
through the holes. Turn back the
leather, drop the side leaves, replace
the twine and the box is ready for
another fleece. This form of box is
somewhat expensive, and difficult to
construct, but it has the advantage of
rolling the fleece tightly and keeping
it compressed until tied. A fleece that
is not parted in shearing will, when
tied in one of these boxes, present a
white, fluffy surface and be more at
tractive to the buyer than if loosely
rolled up on the ground or floor and
tied with common twine. Fleeces
thus bound occupy less space and are
more easily handled.
Di ck eggs, when hatching, require
less moisture than do the eggs of hens.
If strong chicks are desired, see to it
that the eggs are from healthy stock
that has not been overfed.
Hard-shelled eggs produce the most
vigorous chicks. Those from soft
shells are apt to be weakly.
Thf.re Is more profit in raising geese
than chickens, and It is surprising that
progressive farmers do not go in for
See to it that the setting hens have
fresh water and plenty of fattening
food, and do not neglect the supply of
gravel and the dust bath.
Wiiex shipping poultry see to it that
the coops are large enough to permit
the fowls to stand up and strong
enough to endure rough handling.
Osi.v those chickens which are in
tended for early marketing should
be pushed. With the others it is only
desirable to maintain a thrifty growth.
Eggs with dark yolks are much rich
er and more nutritious tnan tnose
with pule yolks. The color of the
shell Is no indication of the richness of
Dvrixo the first six weeks chicks of
the different breeds weigh pretty
nearly the same. After that time.
though, there is a steady and continu
ous gam on the part oi tne targe
If you would make a success of the
poultry business, start only with m
very few, and increase as you gain ex
perience. It Is the ignorant ones who
start in on a large scale who make a
failure of the business. In no other
branch Is It more necessary to "go
Specific' for tha Horn FIjr.
Cut This Out The following speclfio
has been used recently to relieve cat
tle from the ravages of the horn-fly,
with highly satisfactory results. Judge
DeCamp, of Allen, Kan., tried it last
year, and was so highly pleased that
he wants the general public to get the
benefit of It. We furnish it to onr read
ers, as he compounded it: Take tea
gallons of cottonseed oil or any kind
of lubricating oil; one pound of car
bolic acid; two gallons of pine tar; two
pounds of sulphur; two pounds of cop
peras; boil for an hour, stirring welL
Apply with whitewash brush to horns,
head, in groin and all affected parte,
and renew as it wears or wasbee off.
Larger or small quantities ean be made,
observing tha proportion as ftbor
. . '.; v -