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UNIVERSITY MISSOURIAN, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1908.
An e letting neivtfafer published at Columbia,
-V(7., every sckoolday by the Department ef
Journalism of the Unnersity
Application pending for admission as second-
class mail matter at the postomce at Columbia,
Mo , under the Acts of Congress of March .", 1879.
SrilSCKIPTIOX IiM.irlal.lj In Advance:
11 Mail or Carrier:
School War, $'4.00: Semester, .'ZT,.
.single Copies, Two Cents.
Office Room D, Academic Hall, Umiersity of
Missouri, Columbia, Mo.
Department office. 377.
Newsroom, 271 and 711.
Only Approved Adreitigimj Accepted.
Jtiite oh .Ipplictitiuii.
Address all communication to
WORK OF EXPERIMENT STATIONS.
In Wisconsin Dr. S. M. Babcoe k of
tin1 Aj;ririiltur.il College, invented a j
rapid determination of the amoiiut of j
fat in milk. The B.ilx-ock tt .t has bo
come win Id famous. It ,i started in I
tin1 ollicial exhibit of the Aniciicau Col-
leges of Agiicultuie and Expciiment
Stations at the Louisiana Puiehase Ex-
position that the u-e of the test saved j
.1 jn-r cent of butter f.ti :i tiim.illx , worth. .
at IS cents a pound for butter, an an
imal aggregate of .'i.7M.l.'i!. It i not
nlvvaxs that the exact or een appioxi
mate value of the work of the Expeii
mciit Station can be thu- put into
At the New Yoik Station at Geneva
i- the l.ugest collection nt fiilit tiees
in the world, -ome ."i.OOO v.uities being
under observation. A- a n-ult of ex
pel iments there the apple-tree belt the
7one in which apple- m.i be loinmerci
ally giown In- lieen iu-lied fioin fifty
to one hlllidred mile- noithuaid. It
would be diiliciilt even to e-timate what
thi- ic-ult ha- added to the apple pro
duction. The -ame Station found a
tine lor mildew on cucumber and s.ivetl
the Long I-land industry. It pointed
out the alue- and danger- in commerei.il
fertilizer-, made impoitaut expel iments
in the digcstibilitx of feed -tulls and in
d.iining and horticulture added much
practical alue to iiidu-tii.il knowledge.
What ha- been done at the Xew Yoik !
will get married and become cook and
housekeeper, doing the most difficult
tasks of the home and never complain.
The same woman would starve in a
garret before she would undertake the
duties of cook or hou-ekeeper on a
salary outside her own home. She will
do cheerfully and uncomplainingly for
love that which she will not do een
under the compulsion of dire-t poverty
Why should the public hold this view
of liou-chold sen ice! It is surely as
honorable and much more important to
the world's happiness to cook a beef
steak successfully -as to -et type or to
ell calico. In other countries than the
United States it i- so recognized. The
Fiench or German or Swiss or Swede
will "jro out to service'' without hes
itation and more readily than they will
i-eek employment in a factory or office.
The American will not. Why the elif
feiencef Some have suggested that
hou-ehold sen ice as a means of liveli
hood would appeal to more women if it
had more definite dutie- and better de
Such definition and limitation of
hours and duties might help to solve the
general question, but would scarcely do
away with the underlying difficulty,
'which is the objection of American
I women to liou-ehold sen ice a- being in
I some way and to some extent degrading.
I All n-efiil lalxir is honorable anil
none moie so than the labor which con-
tiibutes to the comfort of the home,
the basis of all that is best in American
ci ili7.it ion. Schools aie ncided in
household sciinee to tcaih those things
wlneli ninLfi fur Clin fin.if lit, f tl.., '
family, but schools and school teachei
are al-o needed to impicss upon the
public the importance of holding in high
esteem tho-e who apply the principles
of household stienio to the diudueiy of
even -day toil. We aie cxtrcmeh cue
Mil to employ the best plnsici.uis to
caie for our bodies when the have be
i ome bioken bv disease. The chance is
that the disease is caused l,y the em
)Ioincnt of unskilled, untrained and
ignoiant household -fiiaiits. It would
save doctor's bills and lengthen lie- if
the cooks and lioiisesiils knew more of
the laws ot chemistry and sanitation,
ft cannot be expected that -uch knoul
edge will lie i e-d bv eook and
housemaid i.ntil the bai sinister is ie
HE new school of journalism estab
lished in the Missouri State Uni
versity at Columbia has alreadv at
tracted a good deal of attention, and the
prospectus just issued by the University
seems to indicate that it will be con
ducted in a broader and more thorough
fashion than other entures of the same
sort. There is room for difference of
opinion as to whether the intending jour
nalist should receive a special education
or follow the ordinary liberal curricu
lum, trusting to actual experience for
such sjiccial knowledge as is required;
much may he said on both sides. But if
a course in journalism is worth while at
all, it is such a broad and educational
course as is here marked out.' The rou
tine of a newspaper office is not difficult
to acquire, and writing is quite as much
a gift as an accomplishment. The things
newspaper man can profitably know.' too,
are so innumerable that no college course
could include them all. Yet in a more
restricted way there is a body of knowl
edge which is of paramount value in a
newspaper office, and which an ordinary
college education gives in part and in
part misses. Bioadly speaking, journal
ism as a field for intellectual effort has
always meant one of two things. It has
meant politics or it has meant litera
ture and the arts.
On the literary and artistic side little
that is worth while can lie offered by spe
cial courses; the ordinary tiaining of a
cultivated person is best. On the polit
ical side the case is rather different, and i
it is possible to select and bring together
those studies in history, economic-,
finance, etc., which are mo-t u-eful in
dealing with contemporary life, and
which arc not apt in a college course to
be taken up in a thorough and s ste
notic way. The prospectus shows that
this high ideal has been carried out, and
the college of jouralism is made coonli
n.ite with the colleges of law, medicine,
agriculture and engineering, and not in
fciior to them in dignity or scope. Theie
are. to be sure, a dozen cour-cs or so in
journalism its history and principles.
i newspaper-making, with 'laboratory"
TRY THESE ON
HE chafing-dish with the lamp and
wick, no matter of what metal it
is made, is more economical than
one with the open or padded lamp. The
upper pan with the handle is called the
Idaer: the lower, the hot-water pan.
The too!.ing is best and mo-t ouicklv
done in the Idaer. The hot-water pan
is simply used to keep things warm.
Where milk enters largely into the com
position of the dish it may be neces
sary for the unaccustomed chafing-di-di
took to stand the blaer at first in the
hot water, but if one stirs carefully
and quickly the work is more easily
done without it.
For safety while preparing the im
promptu meal stand the chafing-dish on
a tray one sulhciently large to also
hold the chafing-dish spoons, the match
safe, and the teaspoon and tablespoon
for mensuring purposes. Frequently,
when the lamp has lieen turned out or
capped closely, there will accumulate
Ms, which, at the next lighting, may
cause a slight explosion, and without
the tray the tablecloth would be endangered.
AS GREAT EDUCATORS
Agricultural Colleges and Experiment Stations!
Founded and Maintained Under Acts of
Congress History of the Movement.
Dishes Best Suited to the Chafing-Dish.
AIXTY Japanese and Chine-c
bowl- may be used as receptacles
for the articles prepared in the
chafing-dish. The dishes most suited to
the pin po-e are ragouts or stes. oys
tei.s. small fish, and dishes made from
eggs and ehee-e. Under the fir-t head
iiit; the a la Xew berg-. Ioidclaise. bar
becues and ordinary brown and white
-.line di-hes are classed.
A simple supper might begin with
sandwiches picferably cold beef or can
nibal sandwiches; then swct'thic.uN a la
New berg, beef tenderloin a la I'.ordelaise. !M.ru.,l tor the end
The American Colleges of Agriculture
and Mechanic Arts, founded by act of
Congress in LSi!2. with their sisters of in
quiring turn of mind, the Agricultural
Experiment Stations, established and
endowed by act of Congress in lfcS", con
stitutes the latest but not the only
claim for the leadership of the federal
go eminent in education.
In 3787, the Continental Congress,
shortly before it paeil away, adopted
an ordinance for the go eminent of the
Xorthwest Territory, now the state of
Ohio, Michigan. Indiana, Illinois, and
Wisconsin. The ordinance contained, in
article III. this noteworthy sentence:
"Religion, morality and knowledge be
ing necessary to good government and
the happiness of mankind, schools and
the means of education shall be for
ever encouraged." Two ears later thi
oidiuaiice was amended and re-enacted
b the First Congress of the United
Almost immediately .theieafter the
federal government made a contract with
the Ohio comiianv bv which a lar;e
teniton in Ohio -hould be opened to
-etllement upon certain condition-. One
of tho-e conditions was the the sixteenth
section in with town-hip -hould be re
scued for the public -iliool- and that
two entile town-hip-, each con-i-ting
it thntvix -cction-. -hould be lt-
conlinecl. It include- re-cmh in Agrono-
my, Animal Hn-handr, ).ur Husban- I
dry, Veterinary Surgen. llortiniltm-P -1
entomology, joiany. ami -, lllL.n .y
rmsies. Uiemi-try and Uaiteimlo-v .
are involved in problems connected with, f
the soil, with plant life and with animal
The results of thi
re-earch work an
to lie spread abroad among the wool.
by publication and otherwise and with-
out ch.uge. Every state and territory '
has accepted the provisions of tin, gift. 5
and there are now liftv-ix A"rn-ultiir.i
Experiment Stations. Fr the third time- 1
the federal government has led in edu- I
moved fioin sin li occupations. It i-
just at this point that the need of edu
cation Iietomes imperative.
Station has Iicen done in .iring degiee Rrvni ITTinVTlCT
OUT OF PIQUE
and on lines of local adaptation in each
of the fit tx -four experiment stations
maintained as national hihoi.iioiies ,,f 1 C 0.n: men have become revolutionists
research for the farmer. .
In Kansas the Experiment Station in- I
troduced Kaflii coin as a drought lesist
ant pioduct. There aie now 000.000
woik on a small daily paper, newspaper
administration, publishing, magazines,
news-gatheiing, correspondence, office
equipment. newspaper jurisprudence.
e c. But this special training is but a
-mall p.ut of a course which is made up
of subjects offered by the University and
includes tho-e aspects of economics. Am-
m.i oiiunisf of celeiy. with wafers and
Xellti hufel cheese, c offee, bonbons, pre
served chestnuts and salted almonds.
To make a la Xew berg put two table
spoonfuls of butter and one of Hour into
the ihafing-dish: mix carefully for a
moment, and then light the lamp: add
two thiids of a cupful of cream or milk
and stir constantly until steaming hot.
Have ready, rubbed to a smooth pa-te
in a bowl at the left hand side, the hard-
boiled olks of three eggs. Tin 11 out
the light from underneath the dish or
slip the hot-water pan under the lil.i7cr;
dip a little of this saute into the xolks.
and with a spoon or spatula rub to a
smooth paste: dip in a little mote, rub
again, and then turn the whole into the
chafing dish: mix thoroughly: add half
te.ispoonful of salt, not more than
acres of Kaffir toin in Kansas and the
x.ilue of the annual crop i- $.1,000,000.
This result followed the introduction of
the corn n the Kansas Station and
the pointing out that an acre of Kaffir
torn pioduced more lieef. pork and milk
than an acre of maize. The Illinois Sta
tion has attacked m.iie or Indian com jmilitaiy training befoie he set out for
as its greatest problem. Illinois is the Venezuela, and so when he pre-ented
ItTlf iif Ii-il " nf vniiiW vt-w l!l n I 1 tn n
iJ ., . , , ' '.. ' crican and European histoiv, political 1 . ,ir f ,., t
oiucrs oui 01 love ot a woman, iikei - , , ,. , ., ,, ,. , ' "" "i" " " h""'"
science and public law, sociologv, English ,. .,,,,, -.- . e 1
iles; others again out of love of ... ' ... ' , !., nutmeg, a quarter ot a teaspoonful ot
. . 'composition, literature, etc, which arc .. .,,,,1 ,i, ,,, 4 -,
y, like the American of San Jose; I, ,, , ' , .,,,,-, ' ltr' :,n'1 tlu ""ilt t,,ri"f-' "u'r
,, , , .... ! both broadly educational and of direct miI:i ,.,, ,- ,., , ... ,
and others out of pure, unadulterated
love of adventure, like Dr. West the
apothecarv of Bivas ami the men of
Walkei's time. But there was once a
oung Philadelphia!! that became a revo
lutionists out of pique.
He had gone through some kind of
center of the gieat coin legion.
The Station has been stud ing torn
from every standpoint. The experiments
conducted in corn-breeding have already
brought valuable results. It has lieen
demonstrated that the right selection
of a grandfather is important in corn
growing. The Missouri Station, in co
operation with the Texas Station, has
conquered Texas fever, the most d.ui
gcrou disease among Southwestern cat
tle, and has largely removed its ter
rors. The Minnesota and Xorth Dakota
Stations have developed new varieties
of wheat of distinct value. The variet
peculiarly adapted to those states has
added a million dollars to the value
of wheat piodiiction.
The Minnesota Station has introduced
lllllllttlf 4t Cltl f?!.-ric.,...t..4- .f ll.n. ...
.-vi. .it mi; viu.iriiiiiirui m tuuu coun
try as a man who desired to seive in its
army he was paitially justified in mak
ing his claim to a working knowledge
of the art of war. 'I he Ve11e7uel.u1 au
thorities, however, did not take the voung
man seriously. But the South Americans
aie proverbially polite. In order not to
hurt his feelings they told him he would
be given the command of a battery.
Consequently the Philadelphian install
ed himself in lodgings in Caracas, where
he waited in hourly expectation of his
commission. But the commission did ,1()t
In time a revolution 'broke out, and
Government troop- weie sent to the scene
I practical utility in a newspaper office.
I It is an intcicsting and well-balanced
I course which is laid out. and is mic to
'lie of piofit to those who take it. The
requiiciiients for admission are the same
as to the college of arts and -eienccs.
The coure coveis four jc.Us. but a com
bined course is offered in which the aca
demic course and the work in journal
ism can be completed in five xears, which
seems .1 very sensible compromise.
Sliingfichl (Mass.) llcpublicnn.
until each piece is covered with the
-a uce. Allow the water-pan to lemaiu
but i clight the lamp.
"The University Missourian," tne
'ialioratory" of the newly established de
partment of journalism of the Univer
sity of Missouri, is out.
The students are the publishers of The
University Missourian. doing all the
work, other than mechanical, under the
direction of the faculty, which is com
posed of expei ienccd newspaper men.
The Univcrsitv Missouiian is a cleanlv
edited and printed journal. In the lead
ing editorial of the first iue the pur
r ..i:. 0.M1 .11 -r.
.. -t . aUll xne oung rnua.telpl.ian ,)0 of the paper arc thlw sot forth
nc-.mi jm news 01 ins commission, and
a new variety of torn adapted to north- j began to suspect that he had lieen trifled
with. When the very batten- to which
he had been told he would be appointed
passed beneath his window on the xvay
to the front without his having received
word or sign from the authorities, his
suspicions were instantly confirmed, and.
in a fit of anger against the Government
for its tieatment of him, he stole out of
the city at nicht to ioin the ranl-s d
ern latitude- and because of this the
limit of torn production ha- been extend
ed northward lifty miles within ten
The United States tariff law of 1S90
placed a Iioiiiity of 1 :i 4 cent- a pound
upon maple sugar that would analyze
80 per cent bv polarise ope test and of
2 cents upon sugar that by the same
test would show SKI per cent. It has !ii, ,nw,l.:,.,. ,
been almost impossible under the I Once there, he attached him-elf to An
methods 111 use when the law was ,- j tonio Ban as, who was the leader of a
acted to produce maple snr meeting band of guerrillas vihiih at the out
these conditions. The Vermont Station l.r.-alc of every revolution bc-an opera
took the matter up. int.oduced new jtio, jn the mountains between Caracas
methods nude .epeated experiments and ialld the -ea. The Philadelphian re
praetically ,evolutioied the maple IIlslilMJll ttiUl thcm thronmA the
sugar production. U(lL .,; .. . m , . ,, ,r
... J -......, vl n.i- J1,II1SIJ
and dangeis cheeifullv. It is said that
"The Univeisity Missouiian is for the
training of students in journalism. It is
the laboratory, the clinic, the practice
sthool of the department of journalism
of the University of Missouri. In the
puisii.inee of this purpose it will le ne
cessary for the University Missourian
to cover the entire news field, not limit
ing itself to University news in order
that the tiaining the students receive will
Ik? sufficiently broad to be valuable.
"The University Missourian is not es
tablished to conflict with or -upplant any
publication. Its own purpose is well de
fined that of affording, on advanced ediv
c1tion.1I line, training for journalism.
'I he laboratory is a necessity for thi
Two Savory Ways of Cooking Oysters.
YM'EBS liriv be served as liist
se instead of sandwiches, e--
pecialh during the winter sea
son. The should nlvv.i- be drained and
washed. If the aie to be panned a lit
tle butter ma be put in the chafing
dish, the lamp lighted, and the o-tei-
tin own in. As soon as they reach the
boiling point s,.a-on with salt, red anil
black peppei and pcrhap- two tnble--poonful-
of a cam. If they aie to be
creamed allow to e.u h pint of osters a
liible-poonful of butter: melt the but
ter, throw in the oysters, mix- thor
oughly: moisten a tablespoonful of
Hour in a little milk, then add half a
pint, pour this over the oyster, bring
to the boiling point and se.i-on with
salt and pepper. By adding the olks
of two eggs and a tablespoonful of
chopped paisley ou may convert them
into fricassee of ovsters. "An naturel."
the oweis are simply thiown into the
hot chafing dish. and. when boiling, salt,
pepper and butter to taste ale added.
steis a la Bechamel are different
from either of the others and ale ex
ceedingly nice. Drain the oysters, wash,
and tluovv them into a saucepan: bring
to boiling point; drain, this time sav
ing the liquor. If ou have twenty-
five oyster- add sufficient milk to the
liquor to make half a pint. Put one
!:'blesMonful of butter and one of flour
into the chafing dish, then light the
lamp: mix thoroughly; add the liquor
and milk; stir until it reaches the boil
ing point; add the osters. half a te.i
spoonful of salt. .1 quarter of a tea
spoonful of black pepper and a dash of
ted pepper. Cover the dish. and. when
endowment of a 'Semi
nar of Learning.'' meaning theieby a
seminar of higher learning or what has
become a State University. The same
conditions laid upon these tarly settlers
in Ohio were imposed by the federal gov
ernment upon every state carved from
the Xorthwest Territory, upon every
state formed fioin the Louisiana Pur
chase Territory and every other state
coming into the federal union save only
Texas and West Virginia. From the
day when (.'torire Washington signed the
le-enatted ordinance for the Xorthwc-st
Ten it 01 y to the federal government has
laid this educational obligation upon
even state-, save two. desiring admis
sion and even state save two has by
solemn public act accepted the condi
tion. Thus did the federal government
lead in I ehalf of elementary and higher
Original Morrill Act.
In the xe.ir 1S.V. Congress p.iscd a
bill introduced by United State- Senator
Iiistiu S. Morrill, of Vermont, estab
lishing agricultural colleges. This bill
was vetoed bv President James Buc
hanan. In 1M2 the s.iine bill in slighth
moditiiMl form was introduced by Sena
tor Moirill. passed again both houses
of Congress and. being signed by Presi-
dent AI11.1h.1n1 Lincoln, became a law.
But this bill, usually known from its j
Effect of Federal Leadership,
The states and communities which 1tt.i
nave oeen liberal and individual founders.
deserve large recognition for their lead- I
ership in education. But the federal -irov
eminent, aften lineonsiderel in n,i, 1
regard even by the best -in formed people, '
has aNo lead along educational lines
and that in a lire-eminent degree. The 1
cmplo nient of public fund i one result.
Besides Stale Universities there are -I
sixty-five agricultural colleges thu ?
touneleil and fostered. These colleges
represent in funds in equipment, over
seventy million dollais and have an an
nual income of ten million dollars. For
the Experiment Station- was expended,
during lOO.'i. 1.427.000, of which the
ieuerai government contributed s7:0,()00.
As well as mere financial contributions
to the cause of education leadership in
volves direction and iniliicnce. Tli
State University, in each western state,
is the capstone of the public school sys
tem. The agricultural college, most suc
cessful when located in connection with
the State University association being
a blessing to both has become a col
lege in every truth, a trainer of leaders.
What may lie broadly called industrial
education finds its most potent stimulus.
in the work done by the agritiiltur.il col
lege. To it the captains of industry are
coming for the heads of great engineer
ing, manufacturing, transportation, tom
111erci.1l entcrpiises. To the farm looks
for the men who are making agriculture
scientific and profitable and bringing to
the farm home the comforts of the urban
residence and more. Further, the a"ri-
tultural colli ge is teaching the teachers,
1111 lulling the elementary and -itondary
school, with cilucation.il ideas compre
hensive enough to embrace the soil of
the home farm as well a the ston of
the Boman battlefield, the considera
tion of the cattle .ird as well as the
demonstration of a problem in Euclid.
What the agricultural college has done
11111 is eioing along tiie lines ot m-truc-
ion. the Agricultural Experiment Sta
uithoi as the Moirill ct. SO.000 acre- ,; j,,,, ,,,, al, N (,oIl)tr aIon tje
HIM ':M-.HIII.II SKIfl H'l. Tl 1 , ...
'""-... ,ne renueieu valuable assistance to the
The que-tion of hou-eheld help which I cause of the revolution, and if he ever
is discussed with constant and never- 1 allowed himself to think that the Gov
eeaiiiL' interest in sew ing circles, par- eminent 1 egret ted its treatment of him
lors and at afternoon teas, has ., broad 'in the beginning, at least he was jiisti
raune. Soinethins is radically wrong fied in the thoiHit.
with the American -ou..l .j stem at this t all eventsvvhen the revolution went
r"'t- , '"P " &'oke. and the guerrillas were
A woman ma lie a stenographer, or 'given amnesty as 11-tnl. the Phil.idel-
.v c.e.K. ,.i a iv pettier, ma loiiovv phian was singed out and tli
an 01 a iiun.ireci trade- or protess,,,.,,. ,jail to awah ,,., scn(oncc
unci in working inns she will
eggs beaten with two tablespoonfuls of
tieani. Put out the liuht: add a tt.i-
The department of journalism i, co- boiling, stir in hastilv the oiks of three
ordinate with the other university depart-
I ments. and leads to a degree in journal
ism. I he courses leading to this degree 1 -p, onful of lemon juice, half a teasiiooii
will be in English, history, economics, I ml of onion juice-, a table-spoonful ot
government, finance, sociology, philosophy ! t hopped celery top-, and serve on toast
and pschology, and in addition the les-1 or shredded biscuits,
sons in practical journalism. .7. I.ouii '
llcf'lUe- I KNOWING OTHERS
vet he who
the St. Loui
Tis hard to know a man:
Homer Bassford. of
ro.vn into .Times, writes: '" -own lee-nng-, loves anil jo-.
It was onlv "Let me conirratulate the deimtment ''"'- P'i"-, tastes, 1, narrow tar
iistain 'throush the inferfnron.-. .- i. t ' .- : 1; ... ... .1.. r- ?. -... Tiki small to be a man. Tt i imliKt
. l , .-.i ,i- 1 11 --.s.,...... ... llJC .iiiiei-tui join 11.111-111 on ine tiiiversiiv vu- J"
no lo-s of social standing and will not can le-nti l,,t i. ,. fi.. .,, ,...! ...... . .: To other,, m.r in Lmr i...m,,i.,t
1 -- ""s iin.uiy set iree. '-oiin.in. it is a iieii'Mit to tile eve, -'" ".
11 -I oil lllfi r ,nil;i;.. l.i 1.1 ., I. .... " linn- tliiiil-
"""""'" " e it-ave me conn- !xpo"iaiiiiicallv. 1 lie naoer 0111 "'. "
lose any of her own self-re-pect
nuiuiiii turns ner aiiention to House- trv Then Wi;i- 1 1 j j.
1 , 1 , ,,. . . 1 J"c. iwlike, he wanted to say
hold service, however, public opinion is VWJ hv to his imm MmMj. : 1
...x x.t-iuuuc ill .IIIIIA.
the guerrilla Captain. But the author
ities explained to him in terms suffi
ciently plain that the good of his health
demanded that he leave that country at
inclined to look down upon her and she
is apt in her own mind to regard her
self as lacking -omewhat in self-rc-pect.
Of course this is not the invariable rule
but it is much too general. A woman
am 1.111. It 1- a delight to the ei
conn- ixpogiapliieallv. 1 lie paiier 011;
which it is printed i- good and the text,
the really important part of a new -paper,
i- done mo-t effectively. It seem
10 me that the department ha- made
a fine start in its efforts to carry out an
Idea. Mr. Prcetorius joins me in this
note of congratulation."
What made them what they are. It i-
To self, to keep self Iiounded by itself.
CHARLES LINCOLN PHIFEIt.
The Uxiveumty Missociuax is on
sale at the Drug Shop at two cents a narrow field of investigation to which
of land were offered to each state (for
each representative and senator th.it it
h.ul when the act was passed) certain
'onditioiis lH'ing prescribed to which
the -tate had to conform in order to
iuheiit the land endowment.
The institutions e -taldi-hi-il by this
act the land-grant colleges as they are
commonly known, the Colleges of Agri
culture and Methanic Arts, as they are
officially st led were intended to be
leal colleges, in standards of admission,
in standards of graduation, in courses of
instinct ion. Thev were at libertv to
teach am thing, even including the
classic languages, that was taught in
other colleges, but it was provided that
agriculture and the mechanic aits diouhl
have a prominent place in the curricu
lum. Each state accepted this gift and
complied with the e onditioiis
What a Missourian Did.
In 18S7. just one hundred e.irs after
the passage of the Northvvt-t ordinance.
CongTess. hv what is known as the
Hatch Att. established an Agricultural
Experiment Station in each state anil
teiritoiy and endowed i.ieh with .SI. 1.000
annually. Two new features were in
troduced by the Hatch Act. The original
federal grants on which rc-st the State
Universities west of the Allegheny
Mountains were grants of land and when
each territon had bound itself to com
ply with the conditions imposed by the
federal government the gift became irre-
The s.ime was true of the land grant
in the Morrill Act of IStii But the
Hatch Act gave grants of money to be
appropriated by Congress at each re-
tuirmg session. Moreover, while the
Xorthwest Ordinance and its suttessors.
and the Morrill Act provided for public
education at public expen-e. the Hatch
Act provided for scientific research and
University cxtention at public- expense.
Tt is right to use the funds derived from
taxation to piovide for elementary and
higher education, the earlier Congrc-sse.-had
declared. It is right to u-e the fund
derived from taxation to provide for
scientific re-earch and Universitx- taxa
tion, declared the Congre of 1SS7 and
all subsequent congresses as they have
renewed the appropriation. Nor is it a
lines of re-earch.
Under Great Presidents.
It is an interesting fact that the
names of great presidents have lieen con
nected with the educational leadership of
the federal government. George Wash
ington signed the re-enacted Xorthwest
Ordinance. Thomas Jefferson, though
his name was connected with no educa
tional measure as president, was the
loiuider of a State University and the
unswerving advocate of universal edu
cation. Abraham Lincoln signed the
Morrill Act. Grove-r Cleveland the Hatch
Att and Benjamin Harrison the amended
act in behalf of the Experiment Sta
tions. Washington, Jefferson. Lincoln.
Cleveland. Harrison it is a gooelly
company of great presidents.
Nor has it been that a single Con
gress in a sudden spasm of educational
virtue pointed to a federal leadership.
Each congress which admitted to the
Union a new state re-adopted the es
sential provisions regarding land-en
dowment as each territory ratified the
Agreement. Since the passage of the
Hatch Act each Congress by recurring
Appropriations pledges the federal gov
ernment anew to the use of public
funds for research and education as each
state by acceptance of the annual gift
renews the compact that the "means of
education shall be forever encouraged."
In an address before the Schoolmas
ters Club of Michigan Dr. B. II. Jesse
well said: "The State Universities west
of the Alleghany Mountains can point
with pride as to a pious founder, to tin
federal government. In their midst
should burn like a xestal flame, un-
quenehed and unquenchable, love of
state and love of common loimtry." If
this Ie true of the State Universities
which rest in whole' or in part upon
federal foundation, it is also true and
in larger degree of the Colleges of Ag
riculture and Mechanic Arts and the
Agricultural Experiment Stations, which
are directly founded by the federal gov
ernment. These stand for the new
movement in education, supported by
tommunity, state and federal govern
ment, which embraces in its sweep the
study and the teaching of all that con
cerns man, finding no child too voting
fin.l Y.1 mnn 4 n . A1.1 C Zi .- ! . ..
c - -- - iv hu ....in iuu uiu ior its iiisiruc
the agricultural experiment station is tion.
s a-.jg-jfcf. I., ,M,