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UNIVERSITY MISSOURIAN, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1908.
An evening newsfafer published at Columbia,
Mo., every schoolday by the Department of
Journalism of the University
Application pending for admission as second
class mail matter at the postotfice at Columbia,
t Mo., under the Acts of Congress of March 3, 1S70.
SUHSCItllTIOX Invariably In Advance:
lly Mnil or Carrier:
SclioI Year, $2.00; Semester, $1.35.
Single Copies, Tnii CflitH.
Office Room D, Academic Hall, University of
Missouri, Columbia, Mo.
Department office, 377.
Newsroom, 27 and 714.
Only Apjtriireil Atlrertinlng Accepted.
Jlntr ok AppUratimi.
Address all communications to
GREATEST (JIFT TO EDUCATION.
The greatest -ingle gift to education
made by -tate or individual was that
by the United States, when, through
act hi Congre--, introduced by Senator
.Instill S. Morrill, of Vermont, and
signed .July 2, lSC't, by President Abra
ham Lincoln, eleven million acre of
l.uul were given for the endowment of
American College-, of Agriculture and
The greate-t single step "forward in
the txpenditure of iinoney from the
federal treasury for scientific research
was when, through act of Congress in
troduced bv Congressman William II.
CHIEF ASSET OF MISSOURI.
Except only Missourians, born on the
soil or adopted, the chief asset of Mis
souri is the blue grass. Kentucky has
been called the blue grass state, but
Kentucky has only acres where in Mis
souri arc square miles. Blue grass
stands for the greatness of a state.
Where it grows lush upon the hillsides
and adown the meadow way are men
of iron will and women of gentle
speech. Blue grass means material pros
perity. It tells of limestone which
makes for clear water and strong bone.
It suggests the lithe limbs of the thor
oughbred horse and the sleekness of
cattle with pedigrees like that of a
Daughter of the Revolution.
Where blue grass grows wild and
rank there mav be found in rich abun
dance all grains and fruits that the tem
perate zone may yield. It makes the
finest pasture land. Out of it, through
the mysterious processes which Mother
Nature only knows, come food and drink
and raiment, beef and milk and wool.
Blue grass grows in every Missouri
county. The aristocrat among the
grasses, it is dominant everywhere driv
ing before it all that dispute its pri
macy. The bears have no rightful place upon
Missouri's eoat-of-arms. There should
lie instead a sheaf of blue grass nod
RS. JAMES McALESTER enter
tained the Ashland Club Thurs
day afternoon, at her home
northeast of town. Whist was played,
and the time parsed enjoyably. The
members of the club, all of whom live
on the Ashland gravel road, are: Mrs.
Joe Harris, Miss Bessie Harris, Miss
Effie Harris, Mrs. Henry Lee, Miss Liz
zie Bedford, Miss Zannie Mae Estes,
and Mrs. Joe Estes.
HE Sigma Nu fraternity gave an
informal dance Wednesday evening,
in honor of Fred Babcoek, Miss
Babcock, and Miss Jennings, all of Mo
berly. Mr. Babcock is a former Sigma
AUTOMOBILE OR HORSE?
That the automobile is here to stay
is an assured fact and its prestige is
growing daily. But be this prestige
ever so great the automobile will never
completely supplant the horse.
The importance of the auto is espe
cially striking liecause its field of ac
tivity is but recently being filled and its
HE Sigma Alpha Epsilon pledges
this year are:
Marshal Neil, Kansas City.
William Barton, Kansas City.
Henry Ess, Kansas City.
Harry Warmer, Kansas City.
Kunip Reiger, Kansas City.
Bower Broaddus. Kansas City.
Robert Spencer, Sedalia.
Paul Bamett, Sedalia.
Rush James, Springfield.
Theodore Hackney, Springfield.
Robert Talbot, Denver, Colo.
Ilobert Mitchell, Denver, Colo.
Eugene Wood, St. Louis.
'thorough efficiency is fully equal to
Hatch, of Missouri, and signed by Prc-i- ,eet the requirements of this advanced
dent Cleveland. Match 2. 1SS7. provision !a.,e The u-e of the automobile is be
was made for the establishment upon I coming broader in its scope to met the
federal foundation in each state and 'demands of the day. The idea that
territory of an Agricultural Experiment Lnly the wealthy have use for it is a
Station. Tlie endowment of the Station i thing of the past. Nearly every one
and the renewed appropriation therefor j ,as ,0 for an auto and many persons
at each recurring session of Congress J,- vvcn moderate means own machines.
commits the nation to the support of
That a state or nation could properly
expend public revenue for public edu
cation had been an accepted theory of
the American people. That a state or
nation could properly expend public
revenue for purpose of scientific research
was a new doctrine. The Agricultural
Experiment Station definitely commits
the federal government and the states
accepting federal appropriation there
fore not merely to the teaching of what
is already known but to the extension
of the boundaries of knowledge. These
Stations, added to the allied work of
the Department of Agriculture, consti
tute the nation's laboratories of re
search. This the government is doing
for the farmer.
The field of investigation is broad.
The act of establishment declared that
the station should "conduct original re
search or verify experiments on the
physiology of plants and animals; the
diseases to which they are severally
subject, with the remedies of the same:
the chemical composition of useful
plant- at their different stages of
growth; the comparative advantages of
rotating crop- as pursued under a vary
ing series of crops; the capacity of new
plants or trees for acclimation: the
analysis of soils and water; the chemical
composition of manures; natural or ar
tificial, with experiments designed to
test their comparative effects on crops
of different kinds; the adoption and
value of grasses and forage plants; the
composition and digestibility of differ
ent kinds of food for domestic animals;
the scientific and economic questions
involved in the production of butter and
cheese," and then the act adds this
sweeping clause," and such other re
search or experiments bearing directly
on the agricultural industry of the
United States as may in each case be
deemed advisable, having due regard to
the varying conditions and needs of the
respective -tate- or territories." Noth
ing which affects agriculture is foreign
to the purpose of the-e laboratories of
research. The government neglects
nothing of value to the farmer.
It is indeed of double value to the far
mer and he finds it useful in many ways
in preference to the horse.
It is the misuse and not the use of
the auto that causes the great prejudice
against it. Reckless, irresponsible chauf
feurs, employed by men with million to
waste, break all speed law limits, en
danger human life and apparently care
Both the horse and the automobile
have the proper field. While the latter
cannot but grow to greater proportions,
the former will not lose ground as a
faithful and active servant of mankind.
STEPHEN DOUGIITON, chief copy
editor of the St. Louis Star and
Chronicle, writes to the Depart
ment of Journalism concerning its daily
"Everyone in St. Louis says it is a
model journal, and it is. 1 never saw
anything so well written, so typograph
ically pretty and so clean.''
Frank W. Spencer, manager of the
St. Louis bureau of the United Press
Associations, writes to the Department
'"I certainly am glad to lie associated
even to a slight extent with vour news
paper. I want to congratulate you on
the paper and thank you for placing
me on the exchange list. Your
paper is neat, keen, newsy and certainly
a model typographically."
Y. M. C. A. STUDENT BUILDING.
The Y. M. C. A. Student building
when lini-hed will be important a- a
meeting place foi L'niver-ity
and a- a dormitory. It contain- rooms
that can lie ii-eil by county clubs and
committee meetings. A kodak room will
till an urgent want among the students.
The auditorium will be an excellent
place for student metings, lectures and
entertainments. Bowling, billiards and
pool could furnish relaxation to the
mind wearied by study.
The student who has been spending
his sjuie moments during vacation in
the swimming hole on the farm can find
his greate-t joy in the swimming pool.
The most enjoyable way to refresh the
brain and the Iody is to take a plunge
when "the water's fine." The lounging
room with really comfortable chairs will
lie filled with those who wish to rest
lietween classes and forget about books
The dormitory of forty rooms, will
provide a college home for many stu
dents. The increased attendance at Mis
souri demands many rooming houses
and building lots near the campus are
To the Editor of the University Missourian:
The .sy.stem of registration at the
L'niversity of Missouri is one of the few
remaining earmarks of the school's ear
lier numerical unimportance. It is
greatly to lie regretted that a school
fast becoming one of the largest in the
United States should retain a registra
tion system as antiquated and inade
quate a- Missouri's. It is as unsyste
matic and unbusiness-like as it is old
and insufficient. The University man
agement might do well to at lea-t ex
amine such a system as exists at the
of Chicago, where manv
thousand students are registered in a
single day. R.
stuuenis , .
The Class Rush.
To the Editor of the Unlrerslty Missourian:
The Clas- Kush i- the most impor
tant event of the year for Sophomore
and Freshmen. It is a te-t of strength,
skill and endurance. By stub affair
every student acquires a healthy love for
hiw class and his school. G.
Here's Real Pumpkin Pie.
The real old-fashioned pumpkin pie is
still made in Maine, but not so com
monly as years ago. Bake shops and
restaurant- u-e mo-tly the -quash pie.
Mrs. Benjamin Mitchell, of Portland.
Me., who has made pumpkin pies for
forty years, gives the following receipt:
"A cupful of pumpkin, an egg. tea--poonful
of salt and one of ginger, half
cup molasses, pint of milk, teaspoon of
sugar. Bake three-quarters of an hour
in a slow oven.
0 have lived for a purpose and to
have achieved a rich fulfillment of
that pin pose, to have done no mean
or unworthy thing, to have lived day
after day in simplicity and gentleness,
to have added to the store of the
world's knowledge and to have won
the affectionate regard of thousands
with whom he came in contact such
was the career of Francis Huntington
Snow. The death of this pioneer edu
cator and distinguished scientist will
sadden the hearts of the people of Kan
sas as the taking off of no other beloved
citizen, perhaps, could do. And the nevv.
will travel far to many exile- of the
state, and to each it will 1ms a mes-age
Dr. Snow was elo-t ly identified with
the history and development of the Uni
versity of Kansas during all the year.-
of his active manhood, and to him more
than to any other man in that state is
due the success of the institution and
the high place it occupies in the world
of education. It was a- a young man
almost a boy, that Dr. Snow first
eliipbed the heights of Mount Oread at
Lawrence, in September, lSliti, and ever
since then all his hopes and ambitious,
his achievements and his unremitting
efforts have been centered in that insti
tution. During those remote and weary
years of struggle and uncertainty it wa
Dr. Snow who bore the greate-t burden
most patiently, hi- splendid optimism
cheering bis comratlcs to carry on the
work. In the forty-two years of his
services he has seen the University of
Kansas develop from one small and
badly equipped building to a .great and
magnificent system of .stately edifices.
of which Snow hall, the natural science
building, is a splendid personal memo
Chancellor Strong, on learning of Dr.
Snow's death, said: "His death cuts
the last link with the first year of the
institution. He has come in contact
with every one of 20.000 students that
have been at the university during hi
time, hence he has had the opportunity
of impres-ing himself upon a large num
ber of educated men and women." While
Dr. Snow was an able instructor, it
was the charm of his .singularly winsome
personality that made every student
who ever climbed the "hill" his devoted
friend. That he was. a distinguished
scientist all the students knew, but far
dearer to them was the simple, kindly,
big-hearted man, ever ready to lend
sympathy and aid. What Dr. Snow ha
given to the scientific world i- anotner
story. His nature was so mode-t and
his reticence regarding hi- own discov
eries so impenetrable that few of tho-e
even in his classes rcalied the interna
tional reputation of the smiling little
gentleman upon the lecture platform.
There is no man or woman today who
ever attended the L'niversity of Kan-abut
will trca-ure in hi- or her heart
the tenderc-t memories of Franci- Hun
tington Snow, scienti-t. educator,
friend. Kansas Citv Journal.
HE new school of journalism estab
lished in the Missouri State Uni
versity at Columbia has already at
tracted a good deal of attention, and
the prosjiectus just issued by the Uni
versity seem- to indicate that it will be
conducted in a broader and hiore thor
ough fashion than other ventures of the
same sort. There is room for difference
of opinion as to whether the intending
journalist should receive a special edu
cation or follow the ordinary liberal
curriculum, trusting to actual experience
for such special knowledge as is required ;
much may be said on both sides. But if
a course in journalism is worth while
at "ail, it is such a broad and educational
cour-e as is here marked out. The rou
tine of a newspaper ollice is not diffi
cult to acquire, and writing is quite
us much a gift as an accompli-hment.
The things a newspaper man can profit
ably know, too, are so innumerable that
no college course could include them
all. Y'et in a more restricted way there
is a body of knowledge which is of
paramount value in a newspaper office,
and which an ordinary college educa
tion gives in part and in part misses.
Broadly speaking, journalism as a field
for intellectual effort has always meant
one of two things. It has meant poli
tics or it has meant literature and the
On the literary and arti-tic side little
that i- worth while can be offered by
special cour.se-; the ordinary training
if a cultivated ieron is be-t. On the
political -ide the case i- rather different,
and it i- po-sible to select and Iiring
together tho-e studies in hi-tory, economic-,
finance, etc.. which are mo-t
Useful in dealing with contemporary
life, and which are not apt in a college
course to be taken up iu a thorough and
systematic way. The prospectus shows
that this high ideal has been carried out.
and the college of journalism is made
co-ordinate with the colleges of law.
medicine, agriculture and engineering,
and not inferior to them iu dignity or
scope. There are. to be sure, a doA-n
courses or so in journalism its history
and principles, new-paper-inaking, with
"laboratory" work on a small daily-
paper, newspaper administration, pub
lishing, magazines, news-gathering, cor
respondence, office equipment, newspaper
jurisprudence, etc. But this special
training is but a small part of a course
which is made up of subjects offered
by the L'niversity and includes those
aspects of economies. American and Eu
ropean history, political science and pub
lie law, sociology. English composition,
literature, etc., which are both broadly
educational and of direct practical util
ity in a newspaper ollice.
It is an interesting and well-balanced
course laid out, and is sure to be of
profit to those who take it. The re
quirements for admission are the same
as to the college of arts and sciences.
The course covers four years, but a
combined course is offered in which the
academic course and the work in jour
nalism can be completed in live years,
which seems a very sensible compromise.
The new president of the L'niversity is
Dr. 'Alliert Ro-s Hill, who succeeds
President Richard Henry Je e. Spring
field (Ma.) Republican.
GOLF, ANCIENT GAME,
FAVORITE OF ttlNGS!
Whether Fat or Lean, Its Devotee Enjoys It
Beyond All Other Sports Monarchs and
Politicians Equally Fond of It.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 25. "The royal
and ancient game of golf." as it is ap
propriately and enthusiastically styled
by its devotees, is one of the old Scott
ish sports that has taken hold among
our people to such an extent that golf
links are found in every city and town
and in almo-t every part of the United
States, as well as in its territories and
its colonial possessions. It used to be
a common saying, not very many years
ago, that 'when a man liecame too old
for croquet he took to golf," and that
"the game was only fit for old women!"
Such remarks are never heard now, for
there are few who are unaware of the
skill required in the game, or of the
blisses and pangs of the sjiort, under its
triumphs and defeats.
Golf is recognized nowadays by 'medi
cal scientists as chief among the most
healthful of all out-of-door recreations
and sports, and men of more than the
average avoirdupois, like Candidate Wil
liam II. Taft, indulge in it as frequently
as their professional, business and other
duties will permit, while those of learner
or more slender built, like Secretary
Elihu Root, enjoy it "for the sport of
the thing." Men and women, young,
middle-aged and those in the Osier class
too, all alike find it alluring ami agree
able, and yield themselves with heart
iness to its fascination.
By Robert J. Burdette.
When Washington was President.
As cold as an icicle.
He never on a railroad went.
And never rode a bicycle.
He read by no electric lamp.
Nor heard about the Yellowstone.
He never licked a postage -tamp.
And never saw a telephone.
j Hi- trousers ended at the knees.
By wire he could not send dispatch;
He filled his lamp with wale-oil grease.
And never had a match to scratch.
But in these days it's come to pass.
All work is with such dashing done
We've all, these things; but then, alas,
We seem to have no Washington!
NE of the professions that is now
immauding great attention, and
for which there is great demand
for young men well educated in it is
that of journalism. To be properly
equipped to fill such a position a special
course in a University that teaches it is
essential. There are not many such
courses open, but those that include
journalism in their curriculum are mak
ing a great success of the department,
and the young men and women grad
uates are the first sought by the great
metropolitan paper of the country.
One of the best, in fact the best in
stitution of this character is at the
University of Mis-ouri. The
department will not only increa-e in
numbers but it will -end out into the
world many young men 1 letter fitted for
their cho-en profe ion than any other
-chool tif a similar nature in the coun
try. The opportunity for young men in
this direction was never as great a- it is
today, and that hundreds will embrace
it admits of no doubt. The young man
who can acquire an education at the
Department of Journalism at Missouri
University is particularly fortunate. Hi-.-ucccss
in the adopted line of hi- pro
fession is assured, which means com
mand of a -alary not equalled in many-
other avocations of life. Franklin Re
po-itory, Chamber-burg, Pit.
Though it i- only iu comparatively re
cent years that golf found its way to the
fore of American and British sports,
it has become so popular that hun
dreds of thousands are playing the game
in almo-t every part of the globe. Most
of these, however, only improve to a
certain stage and then there is a halt,
but they go on and worship the game
with the devotion of one who battles
for a hopeless cause.
Many efforts have been made by news
paper writers, as well as by enthusias
tic golfers, to discover when the game of
golf first came into existence, but all
without avail. It is said by so'me to be
of Dutch origin, and not of Scotch as
is generally supposed. With all the
growth and interest of the game for
none have flourished more strongly and
universally, fresh efforts have been made
to discover its origin, but all have failed.
Dutch Origin, Probably.
One of the most interesting and most
ancient of the pictures in which the
game is portrayed is the tailpiece to an
illustrated "Book of Hours" made at
Hurges. the original of which is in the
British Museum, and which shows three
players putting at a hole in the ground
as in our modern golf. At all events
if golf is not of Dutch origin, it at least
lerive- its name from the Dutch "kolf."
Though proofs of its existence are to
hand at the lieginning of the seven
teenth century- in Holland, the game has
since entirely disappeared from there.
At what date the royal game was
introduced into Auld Scotia is wrapped
in glorious uncertainty. It is acknowl
edged, on all hands, however, that it
was played there, both in the high
lands and lowlands, with considerable
zet and skill for years and years be
fore the game was taken up in Eng
land. It is an undoubted fact that in
1457 its popularity had already become
so great as to interfere with the most
important pursuit of archery, and the
game was forbidden by law passed in
parliament. It would appear that little
attention was paid to this decree, for
14 years later another decree was passed,
and yet another; but all without avail,
for enthusiasm in the sport in the olden
days seems to have been just as keen
as at the present time.
James IV, Forbade It.
Though James IV. who was at that
time king, signed the issue forbidding
the game, he was himself an enthusiast.
for it is indeed curious to find him
breaking his lMhc-t and setting an ill
example to his commons by practicing
this "unprofitable sport." as is shown
in various entries.
Though no doubt Scottish monarchs
handled the club liefore him (peculiar
ones they were in tho-e days) .James
IV, is the first monarch who figures
formally in the golfing record. James
V. was also a keen golfer, and there
i- evidence to show that his daughter,
Mu .beautiful and Jinhappy Scottish
heroine, Mary Stuart, was a skillful and
ardent golfer, always ready fora game
no matter how unpropitious or threaten
ing the weather. It was alleged by her
enemies that "showing her shameless in
difference to the fate, of her husband, a
very few days after his murder, she was
seen playing golf and pallmall in the
fields beside Seton."
That her son, James VI.. afterward
James I., of England, was a golfer tra
dition confidently asserts, though the
evidence is meager. He prohibited the
importation of golf balls, then made'of
The University Missourian is on leather and stuffed feathers, from Hol-
sale at the Drug .Shop at two cents a land, as it meant the departure of con-copy-
siderable money from his kingdom.
Dr. A. F. Sheldon, of Chicago, writes
to the University Missourian:
"In my opinion the Department of
Journali-m of the Univer-ity of Mis
souri i- a mo-t important work and
decidedly valuable advance in educa
tion. It is certainly true that the way
to 'draw out' is by doing and that the
feeding' is only incidental."
Dr. Sheldon is at the head of the
Sheldon Schol. which has had remark
able success in its field.
While Charles I., was engaged on the
links of Leith, in 1642, the news reached
him of the Irish rebellion of that year.
He did not go on with the match.
British Monarchs Golfers.
Some rude readers may say he was.
known at the time, but he was a great
enthusiast and long afterward found,
his favorite diversion in the royal game.
One might almost go from descendant
to descendant right up to the reign of
the present king of Great Britain and
Ireland, to find that British monarchs.
have always taken a keen interest iu
the game, even if some of them did
not test their skill on the links.
In 1S34 William IV. became the pat
ron of the famous St. Andrew's golf
links, and years later, as further proof
of royal favor, he presented a magnifi
cent gold medal for competition; while
the following year the queen dowager
liecame patroness of the club and pre
In the last ,0 years the Briti-h royal
family have lieen great admirers of the
game. King Edward, however, in spite
ot many statements to the contrary,
does not play golf, nut he ha- had a
course laid out on his private grounds
and is always pleased to sit near the
home green and witness tho players fin
ishing their rounds.
According to the really great expon
ents of the game its chief attraction
consists iu the almost supernatural con
trol they exercise over the ball whether
it is lying well or ill, and their marvel
ous putting powers. It is the fascina
tion when the long game is being im
proved and the terrors when confronted
with the short put, which have made
the game what it is. There is no golf
er from the open champion down to
the variest duffer who has not felt, in
varying degrees, the terror of this fright
ening put. Goiters tell us that "soldiers.
have gone into battle and faced -death,
but they are unable to conceal their
nervousness when asked to sink a shore
It is "putting" which is really the
chief and necessary requirement for
those seeking championship aspirations.
Failure to hole the ball is responsible
for the comparatively obscure place num
bers of golfers occupy who are pro
ficient through the greens, but who fail
when the pin has been lifted. Though
a man drive far and sure and beat his
.opponent until the green is reached, if
he be a poor putter he will invariably
"bite the dust."
Must Have Style.
It has been laid down, more or less,
as a rule that unless a golfer acquires
a correct style he will never lie a great
player, and yet this seems extraordinary
for there are not two golfers who play
the game the same. The most faulty
style is always cultivated by the man
who teaches himself golf and will not .
have it taught him. The chances are
that he will begin by holding his club
wrong, by standing wrong, and by
swinging wrong, and should he hit the
ball it will probably fly wrong.
The beginner will in his ovn way un
doubtedly improve, he mils? do so, his
aim becoming more perfect; but he will
gradually find that his bad habits will
find for him hazards of all descriptions,
and unless his temperament is good
his language will lie bad. One day he
will be worse than others, will bemoan
his fortune, and will seek the aid of
some friend to Iear patiently the burden
of his "cursory" remarks.
It may happen that a good Samaritan
will take pity on him and tell him
where he is wrong. Another effort will
be made, but the new grip feels awk
ward, and the change in tactics reduces
his hitherto bad golf to worse. Back
to the old style he goes, and back to
the old ways, and though he plods along
and may play some good holes, there
will always come one bad one which
will invariably hold him back.
No Pleasure For Duffers.
Of course there arc exceptions, but
they are rare. When matters go wrong
in golf you must start from the begin
ning again, and it. is only the constant
practice which leads to perfection. To
enjoy golf it is necessary to play well.
The constant duffer and Washington
has scores of them is filled with dis
may and shame at his own short-comings
and is an unhappy spectacle as he
knocks the ball from tee to tee; but
he who has started under the eyes of a.
good tutor and uses grace and ease
in his shots will, during the years of
his life, get satisfaction and reward.
Golfers are born, not made, but the
bungling and indifferent players will
get just as much pleasure out of the
day's outing on the links as will they
who go the round making but few mis
takes, provided that their human nature J
is good and when a shot is "duffed"
they refrain from pouring forth a
aafcAaiMtaar.fer ' i- -ariHtaa, &fc3AA&