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UNIVERSITY MISSOURIAN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1908.
U. OF M. BULLETIN
01 COAL STORAGE
Two Engineering Instructors
Publish Results of Their
OTHER TESTS ARE IN PROGRESS
Exposed Samples Lose One
Fifth of Calorific Power
The Department of Engineering re
cently pul'lMieil its first bulletin enti
tled ".v'oHie Experiments in the Storage
of Coal." Tin pamphlet was edited by
i. A. Ffeiuleii and .1. K. Wharton,
instructor-, in -Mechanical Engineering
in the University of Missouri, and con
tains tue interesting conclusions.
The storage of coal has long been an
- important .subject to the large consum
er. Industry is developing at such a
rate as to make it imperative to pro
vide nie.uis for storing fuel in sufficient
quantities to maintain large establish
ments for a long time, independent of
the outside sources of supply. This is
made necessary, the booklet points out,
liv labor umditioiis which result in coal
mines being idle at certain times and
by tin raihoads, which fail to furnish
adequate transportation facilities for
delivering coal at a regular rate except
in large quantities.
Experiments have been made by
Messrs. Fesenden and Wharton, with
several mu prising tesults. Coal was
found to deteriorate very rapidly on
exposure to lain, snow and wind, freez
ing and thawing, and various other cli
matic changes. These changes caused
the coal to break up, slack and to lose
much of its heating power.
Three Grades of Coal Tested.
Extracts from the report of their ex
"Three grades were taken from newly-mined
coal fine, medium and lump.
One sample of each size of coal was
placed in a shallow, wooden box; the
three boxes were placed on the flat roof
of the University power house and ex
posed to all the climatic changes of fall
and winter. The bottoms of the boxes
were previously slit, so that no water
would be retained in them.
"One sample of each size of coal was
put in a similar box and stored in a
warm basement room in the Engineer
ing building. These samples were ex
posed only to the different temperature
variations of the room.
"One sample of each kind was placed
in a galvanized iron bucket, covered
with pure water and stored in the same
room as the dry set of samples. Every
day, additional water was poured upon
it, to replace that which had evap
orated. Care Taken in Sampling.
"The sampling extended over a pe
riod of four months. Although great
care was taken, some of the tests seem
to indicate that a fair sample was
not taken, but were sufficient to dem
onstrate the required points.
"After being exposed to the weather
for a short time, the coal on the roof
of the power house became covered
with a white, frost-like deposit. The
oal became very brittle, and that
which was originally solid could be
crushed in the hand after a few weeks
more of weathering. Soon it could no
longer be called lump coal. A lack of
samples prevented the tests from being
larried further. The coal was found
to h.ne lost 20 per cent of its calorific
power in four weeks. From appear
ances, the coal would have deteriorated
more than 50 per cent in calorific power
within a year.
"The submerged samples also ap
peared to lose some of their soundness,
but not to any great extent.
"The samples stored dry did not seem
to change at all, either in appearance
The pamphlet also treats of sponta
neous combustion of coal, especially of
oal on shipboard, where it is confined
in hot lniiler rooms and is very likely
to take fire. It suggests as a remedy
that water-pipes having holes closed by
Jiwible plugs be laid in the place of
storage. o that if the temperature rises
to a dangerous point, the plugs will
melt and cause the bunker to be flooded.
At present a scries of tests are in
progress upon samples of Missouri coal,
lit thi-e tests provisions are made against
inaccuracies due to "unfair" sampling,
wd a record is being kept of the
hang.-s in the composition of the coal.
Considerable difficulty has been encoun
'ered in obtaining samples. Most coal
mining companies will not offer any co
operation. The tests probably will last
1 F. Meade, LL. B., '00, visited in
Columbia a few days last week. He is
now assi,tant-eashier of the National
Dank of Commerce in Kansas City.
- "V-- -Jg-- :.- r fefln i-MtMiTMHfafflliMfrllM ' i i t7jTMMllMMBWBMWBlMHHm i i mf
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IS A "FfiAT"
Chung Men Yew, Former Yale
Coxswain, is Coming as
HE'S A MEMBER OF THE DEKES
Only Oriental Who May Wear
the "Y" on His Robes
Chung Men Yew, the only Chinaman
in the world who knows what the mys
tic letters Delta Kappa Epsilon mean to
9,000 American college graduates, is now
sailing across the Pacific as sneeial .n-
voy in connection with Prince Tang
Shao Yi's gorgeous retinue, some say,
to succeed Wu Ting-fang as Chinese
minister at Washington. Also he is
certainly the only Chinaman in the
world who, if he sees fit, may wear the
coveted "Y" of Yale as an ornament on
his Oriental state robes.
In addition to being one of very few
Chinamen who ever has ridden any Am
erican college fraternity goat, Chung
Men Yew enjoys the reputation of being
the only Chinaman who ever was coxa
wain of an American university cre,w.
His session with the goat and with the
megaphone and stop watch both took
place at Yale, where he was a member
of the class of '$:. The Dekes attended
to the goat matter and the managers of
the '83 'varsity crew picked out Chung
to steer the boat against Harvard. And
divested of his magnificent robes, his
peacock feather and other Chinese insig
nia, Chung steered his crew to victory.
His Social Training.
Chung, if he succeeds the famous Wu,
will bring to his office no little of the so
cial skill which has made Wu the very
welcome guest at American functions.
He was connected for sex'eral years with
the embassy at Washington and almost
his last public appearance before he re
turned to China was his speech at the
banquet of the D. K. E. convention in
Washington, where he responded to the
toast, "Yale, the Mother Chapter," and
sang the marching song of the Dekes
with as much gusto as the youngest del
Probably his first after dinner reap
pearance in the United States will be as
a speaker at the Delta Kappa Epsilon
dinner in the Waldorf on the evening
of Nov. 13, when, with his fraternity
brothers, Senator Albert J. Beveridge of
Indiana, Senator Frank B. Brandegec of
Connecticut, Victor M. Metcalf, Secre
tary of the Navy, ex-Governor Fiank S.
Black, Bishop Johnson of South Dakota.
Toastmastcr Charles P. Taft, brother of
Hon. William 11. Taft, and Judge Ver
non M. Davis, president of the New
York D. K. E. association, he will tell
the si.xty-second annual convention what
he thinks about the D. K. E.
CHEMICAL THEORIES OF
AMES AND BLISS WON'T
MIX, SAYS TUNY' BLUCK
Football Star in Class Room, with
Saturday's Waterloo in Mind,
Balks at Problem.
"Puny" Bluck, the big Tiger football
tackle, was told in his chemistry class
the other day to perform an experiment
reconciling the theories of Bliss and
The memory of the trouncing that
the Ames "Aggies" administered to the
Tigers on the gridiron last Saturday
lingered in "Pliny's" mind.
"Can't do it," he said. "Ames and
bliss don't go together."
TWAIN'S FRIEND HARD UP
Capt. A. C. Grimes is Working for 15
Cents an Hour.
ST. LOUIS, Nov. 4. Capt. A. C.
Crimes, steamboatman, Civil War vet
eran and scout, friend of Mark Twain,
and once independently rich, is now ac
cepting employment at 15 cents an hour.
He has been for several days plodding
about the home in Richmond Heights,
where he is doing the work of an ordi
nary hired man.
Mrs. Grimes, who was born fifty-four
years after her husband's birth, in Jef
ferson county, Ky., and who is now
twenty-one years old, is working in a
Sixth street lunchery. Their combined
salaries support them comfortably in a
modest flat at No. 333G South Grand
avenue, but not in the way they have
Capt. Grimes lost his fortune soon
after he was acquitted of murdering a
man who, he claimed, had insulted his
Subscription to the University Mis
sourian is $2 for the school term, $1.25
1 !...Mnli1f in .lontn Kiln-
a semester iin.iii.iui uu,uw. ..w
TYPE OF SOUTHERN NEGRO HAS SERVED
Horace Williams, Janitor, Has
Seen Six Presidents
Come and Go.
Horace Williams, a negro janitor in
Academic Hall of the University of
Missouri, has served the University in
various capacities for nearly fifty
years, and has seen the coming and
going of six of its presidents. There
is a M-nsc in which he is a part of the
University; he overflows with its his
tory and traditions, and none loves it
more loyally than he.
Williams is a tvpe. It is of his kind
that Joel Chandler Harris and Thomas
Nelson Page have written so delight
fully. He is a real "befo' the war dark
ey, sub." He fits into the southern
atmosphere of Columbia and the Uni
versity of Missouri as a tree roots in
the soil from which it springs. He has
a dignity his own, a fine simplicity, a
generous store of common sense and a
broad gift of humor. He is courteous.
He has that instinctive grace of the
Southern negro in being respectful with
out cringing. He began working for the
University when he was a small boy,
just after the Civil War, and he is
proud of his long career in its service.
Born in Slavery.
Williams was born in slavery in
Madison county, Ky., in 1S30. His own
er, Prof. William Shields, moved to Co
lumbia in 1800 to teach Latin in the
University. Williams' first position with
the University was as assistant to
Prof. Schwaler of the Agricultural
College, in helping him collect minerals
for the State Geological Department.
His next work was as a helper in build
ing the present Agricultural College
building, which was completed a few
years after the Civil War.
In his younger days Williams did all
kinds of work for the University. I It
carried coal, chopped wood and made
fires. The University did not have fur
naces in those days.
Williams lived at the home of Dr.
Samuel S. Laws, who was the seventh
University President, for thirteen years,
during all Dr. Laws' administration. I It
acted as special messenger and as body
sen-ant for Dr. Laws.
In speaking of the growth of the
University, Williams said to a reporter
for the University Missourian:
Wonders at Greatness.
"I never dreamed such a wonderful
University would grow up here. When
I was a bov the University consisted
EDITOR KEPT HIS
H. R. Nelson, Senior in College
of Agriculture, Wedded
Three Weeks Ago.
II. K. Nelson, a Senior in the College
of Agriculture and editor of the Mis
souri Agricultural College Farmer, suc
ceeded in keeping his marriage a secret
three weeks. His friends have just
learned that while on a '-business trip"
last month, he was wedded to Miss Ines
L. Ford, of Manson, la. They arc now
in Columbia at the home of Mrs. Tidd.
202 IJitt street.
Nelson went to the State Fair at Sc
dalia with a party of agricultural stu
dents of the University of Missouri.
When the others were ready to return
to Columbia, Nelson said that he "had
to go up to Iowa on business." While
in Iowa he was married to Miss Ford
at the home of her parents.
CAT CHASES A BULLDOG
Resents His Intrusion Into Her Domain
and Routs Him.
PITTSBURG, Nov. 4. When not at
tending to her four little kittens on the
second floor, William Clain's pet cat is
his constant companion in the Central
A night or two ago a stranger, ac
companied by a bull terrier, entered
Central Station to ask a question. The
moment the pussy saw the dog her back
was bowed, her tail became erect and
her hair stood on end. Fire blazed from
her eyes and she made a dash for the
dog to prevent any harm coming to her
offspring. The dog wavered for an in
stant, backed away and finally started
on a run. The pet chased it to the alley
and then proudly returned.
'Well, if I don't disown or shoot that
dog the first thing in the morning it
will be a strange thing to me," com
mented the stranger, as he left the
Miss Juanita Whittle, who was op
erated on for appendicitis about three
weeks aco, will lie out of the Parker
Memorial Hospital soon.
UNIVERSITY NEARLY HALF A CENTURY
NEGRO WHO TELLS
of only two buildings Academic Hall
and the President's mansion (the same
building occupied by President A. I'oss
Hill now. When the enrollment of the
University was l."50, the University an
thorities thought they had a huge -n
"In those days almost anybody could
get in the University, as the entrance
requirements were very low. There
were no girls enrolled as students. And
when the University finally became a
co-educational institution, girls were
timid about entering. Those who dill
enter were mostly from Boone county.
"In the earlier days of the University
there weren't many farmers" son-, en
lolled, as there are now.
"The students of the last few vear
Accidentally Hurts Halloween
Prankster, Who is in
SPRINGFIELD, Mo., Nov. 1.- As a
result of his effort to frighten a crowd
of Drury College hallowe'en celebrat
ors at 2:30 yesterday morning. Special
Policeman Charles P. Finn is under
arrest at police Iieadquarte-"? for shoot
ing lS-year-oId Calvin Finkle, son of
Prof. Denjamin F. Finkle, a member of
the Drury faculty.
The young man is in a critical con
dition in a local hospital, shot in the
Finn called to the crowd of joung
men to halt. In drawing his pistol to
fire in the air to frighten them. Finn
accidentally discharged the weapon at
MANY COLLEGES GOING DRY
Prohibition Clubs Springing Up, in th
West and South Chiefly.
The prohibition movement in the col- j
Iege- i- snowing. Many of the itnivcr-
sities have prohibition chilis which are
niemhcri of an intercollegiate league of
of the drys.
The movement lias been particularly
strong in the Middle West and in the
South. In the latter section the prohi
bition legislation enacted in the various
States has been effective in helping to
build up the societies.
At Syracuse recently the Prohibition
Club attended a district convention of
the State party, and it was determined
that the collegians should take as act
ive a part as possible in the campaign.
The rule against students entering
saloons, which is a university regula
tion, helps the members of the club
in cnli-ting members.
"Slaughter House" Ready Soon.
The new "slaughter house," or labo
ratory, for the Medical students i
rapidly nearing completion. This build
ing will be used to contain the animaU
to be dissected bv the students.
llORACK WILLIAMS. I
Says Students Saved Elephant
Fossil Despite Great
have been better behaved as a whole
than those at the time I first entered
the service of the University.
"In the place where ib rimm.
ical and Law Buildings arc now was an
artificial, ornamental lake which was
used to "duck" Freshmen and as a de
pository for riiT rail on Hallowe'en
night. All south of Academic Hall, in
cluding Rollins Field and the Golf Links,
was a corn patch. I helped till it myself.
"All the professional schools have
been added since my day. The new de
partment of Journalism is getting on its
feet more quickly and is growing more
rapidly than any other new department
of the University.
"The night the old University burned
was terribly cold. The ground was cov
ered with snow. The only important
thing saved was the fossil elephant,
now in the Zoology building. The stu
dents got the fossil out of the burning
building with remarkable care, consid
ering the excitement of the fire.
"After the war and until the fire.
people did not think much of the Uni
versity. The fire awakened a greatr
interest in it. The opening of the new
Academic buildin" limuirlit more stran-
ers and more creat men to Columbia
than any other Con oration has done ei
ther before or after. It awakened great
er enthusaisin and inteicst for the Uni
versity throughout the State at large."
The Presidents of the University of
Missouri during the time Williams has
been connected with it are:
The Rev. Dr. Shannon, who served at
the time Williams came to Columbia;
William Wilson Hudson, a Vale grad
uate, who served two years, and died
in office Jan. 14, 18.9; Benjamin Blake
Minor, who was president at the time
of the Civil War, when the University
temporarily suspended all of its exer
cises and vacated all of its offices; Dr.
John II. Lathrop, who succeeded Presi
dent Minor in 1802 and served until
1S00; Dr. Daniel Read, who served ten
years from 1800, when he resigned; Dr.
Samuel Spaur Laws, former president
of Westminster College, who succeeded
Dr. Read, and served thirteen years
from 1870; Dr. Richard Henry Jc-se,
who was in office longer than any pre
vious president, from 1891 until 1908;
and Dr. A. Ross Hill, the incumbent.
I Dr. Gerij; an Author.
I Dr. J. T,. CitiV. A. "II. ITnii-iTsiiv of
Missouri, 1S98, now of the Department
of Romance Languages and Literature
of Columbia University, New York, lias
written an article on "French Literature
of the Sixteenth Century," for the "An
ilities du Mide," a French periodical. He
is also engaged in writing a book on
the same subject in collaboration with
Prof. Entile Picot. Dr. Gcrig recently
rcturned from a trip through Italy and
France in the interest of his research
work. He spent most of his time look
ing up old manuscripts in the libraries
of those countries.
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