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UNIVERSITY MISSOURIAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1908.
v evening newspaper published at Columbia,
., every schoolday by the Department of
Journalism of the University
.m University Missourian kpMTnFTws
UIK AAMAA VA A.E1A1-M M '.
Entered at the postoffice at Columbia, Mo., as
tecond-class mail matter.
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By Mail or Carrier:
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Single Copies, Two Cent.
Business Office Room E, Academic Hall.
Universityof Missouri, Columbia. Mo.
Department office, 377.
Business Office, 714.
Only Approved Advertising Aecrpted.
Itattt on Application.
Address all communications to
1. Lecture, "Tone in Painting,"
Dr. John Pickard. Art room,
Academic Hall, third floor,- 8
8 p. m., and Dec. 4, all day,
Oriental sale, x. W. C. A.,
Lecture, John T. McCutcheon,
M. S. U. Debating Society.
Jeffcrsonian Debating Society.
Athenaean Literary Society.
Union Literary Society.
New Era Debating Club,
and 11. Inaujniration of Dr.
A. Ross Hill as President.
Dec. 12. "She Stoops to Conquer."
Dec. 18. Lecture, Lorado Taft, Auditorium.
The announcement that President
elect Taft will probably appoint a Mis
sourian, Charles Nagel, as secretary of
the interior and another Missourian,
Frederick N. Judson, to a place on the
supreme court bench is the latest of
numerous stories of probably office
holders under the new President's ad
ministration. The claims of each, both personal
and political, are strong upon the
president-to-be. Missouri, after two
successive Republican victories, is in a
position to command respect. Both
are lawyers and have had consid
erable legal experience. Each have the
necessary qualifications and are men of
wide knowledge of political and eco
In the recent past four Missourians
have held the post of Secretary of the
Interior, Carl Schurz, John W. Noble,
David R. Francis and E. A. Hitchcock.
THE CENTRAL STATE.
In the South, Missouri is called a
northern state, in the North it is re
ferred to as a southern state. On the
Pacific coast it is called eastern and
the Atlantic coast dwellers speak of it
as the west. Paradoxical as it may
seem all are right. Missouri is north
ern, southern, eastern, western. It is
more than that, it is central.
Missouri is classified incorrectly,
however, when it is called entirely
either" southern, northern, eastern,
western. A southern state lies south
of Maspn and Dixon's line, went into
the Confederacy, always votes the
democratic ticket, suffers from a race
question and rai-.es cotton. Missouri
Iocs none of those save that it raises
a little cotton which, as all Missouri
crops, is better than that grown any
where else in the republic. Northern
states are generally over-egotistical,
write their own histories and have snow
x. months in the year. None of these
applies to Missouri. A western state is
new, chaotic and raw; an eastern state
is conservative to the point of dull
ness, inclines to five per cent and the
dinner habit. Missouri is between the
extremes. It is too old to be yet in
the lettuce stage and yet not old
enough to sit with folded hands in the
The negotiation of a treaty between
the United States and Japan has just
leen completed. The "treaty," as it is
called, is a declaration of the policies
and purposes of this country in the
Orient. More particularly it is a decla
ration of the policies and purposes of
Japan, with the necessary modifica
tion that they are the policies and
purposes of the latter so far as they
may be indicated by official pronounce
ment and by open authoritative con
duct towards the matters mentioned
and defined. The treaty will be bind
ing both upon the United States and
The new treaty is a fitting climax
to the interchange of pleasant greet
ings between this country and Japan
while our fleet was in Japanese ports
and gives the two countries something
more binding than mere word of mouth.
The treaty is regarded by the French
press as a master stroke of diplomacy
for the two countries.
The London papers are all well sat
isfied with the treaty, because it re
moves England from what would be a
delicate position in case of trouble be
tween the United States and Japan.
(The Cnlrerslty Missourian lnrltes contri
butions, not to exceed 200 words, on matters
of University Interest. The name of the
writer should accompany such letters, bnt will
not tie printed unless desired. The Cnirer
slty Mlssonrlan does not express spproral nor
disapproval of these communications by print
Basketball at California, Ho.
To the Editor of the University Mlssonrlan:
Basketball is the favorite game with
the California high school boys and
girls. We have good teams in both
associations. Our boys have plaved
three matched games and were victors
in all three. The Thanksgiving game
was the most interesting. It was a
spirited game with the Missouri State
Deaf basketball team of Fulton.
The girls" have played" two matched
games and were victors in both.
We do not put athletics first by any
means in our school but find our bas
ketball players among our very best
students. C. B. HUDSON,
Superintendent of California,
Ma., Public Schools.
OUR NAVY LEADS
The American Navy leads the world
in accuracy of shooting; six years ago
it was behind the navy of every first
class power. Six years ago the stand-
ard for firing heavy turret-guns
which are now a battleship's sole
weapon of consequence in battle was
once in five minutes; the average of
hits on the target now in use would
not be once an hour.
At present thee guns fire an av
eiage of one and a half shots a min
ute: they hit the target once a min
ute. Six years ago, the standard rate
of fire for six-inch guns was less than
two shots a minute; as shown by the
tests of 1902, less than one shot in siv
hit lite target. Today thee guns fre
quently make as high as twehe hits
a minute, and the aerage of the
whole navy is six hits a minute.
These are the records at the 1.000-
yard range. At the last long-range
target practice in Massachusetts l?ay.
the battleships of the North Atlantic
fleet, firing at a target from three to
fie miles away, aeraged nearly 30
per cent of hits.
With a target one-third the size of
the ships at Santiago, at distances
from two to three times as great, our
fleet made more than fifteen times the
percentage of hits. November Mc-Clure's.
The New York World which recently
published the much-commented upon
inteniew gien Dr. William Bayard
Hale by the German Emperor, has sent
an apology to Prince Von Buelow, Im
perial Chancellor of Germany. The
World believed at the time that it pub
lished the interview, that it was pub
lishing an authentic story. Later events
showed that tlie "interview" was not
The New York World in apologizing
publicly and privately to Chancellor
Von Buelow, reflects credit on itself
and upon the American press in gen
eral. The apology shows that the Am
erican newspaper is willing to make
amends for the publishing of false
The World's apology is:
"Prince Von Buelow, Imperial Chan
cellor, Berlin After painstaking inves
tigation the New York World finds no
convincing basis of fact for its pub
lished synopsis of the Hale interview
with his Majesty, the German Emperor.
It accepts your verdict that the alleged
interview ascribed to the Emperor stu
pidly absurd words which he cannot
have uttered. As a matter of simple
justice to the German Emperor and the
German people, the World will print an
editorial Monday morning expressing
its sincere reret at the publication of
a synopsis which it regards as mislead
ing and mischievous.
"It was an honest mistake, commit
ted merely through ocr?eal, without
the knowledge of the proprietor or chief
editor, and so late at night that the
article did not appear in the first edi
tion. Proof of the synopsis sent to the
author of the intcniew had been cor
rected in his own handwriting, and this
was naturally accepted as exidence that
the articles as printed' was personally
approed by him."
Hats Off at Assembly.
To the Editor of the University Mlssonrlan:
The combination of colors that some
girls get on is a caution. The colors
resemble a crazy quilt and dazzle your
eyes as they go moving over the cam
pus. The different shades actually
swear at each other and give the wear
er the combined look of clown, ballet
dancer and Turkish Sultan. They are
trying to the nerves as well as the eyes
and give an awful taste in their mouth.
If it all costs a lot they are satisfied
no matter how it looks. Just because
it is expensive they think that it is all
right and never give a thought as to
whether or not it is becoming just so
it is in style. Assembly is an excellent
place to see all the freaks in hats, too.
Especially if there is anything to see
on the stage you can count on some
girls wearing their biggest hats and
"rats." Everything from the dish-pan
shape to the plain stove lid is in evi
dence. A GIRL.
RIIS ON PLAYGROUNDS
Jacob Riis, who is to lecture here in
the Y. M. C. A. course, talked about
playgrounds recently in Boston. He
told the Civic Conference there of New
York's trials in starting the play
Mr. Riis said that he was in at the
Iwginning of the movement, which had
spread all over the country. And it
PATIENCE, self-denial, self-control,
alertness, the bigness of trifles, en
durance, courage and cleanliness
are taught by the game of football.
This is the claim of A. E. Colton, in a
striking letter to Mind and Body, a
Journal of Physical Education for No
vember, Mr. Colton writes:
"My boy" is fullback on one of the
Boston High School teams, and I wish
to record my satisfaction and delight in
the education and training, not to say
virtues, which have resulted from his
"For three years he has worn foot
ball togs for considerable part of his
waking hours from middle September to
middle November. The first year he
learned to sit on the sidelines and wait
for exhaustion or injury to one of the
regulars whose place he might fill. He
did not wish any of his friends harm,
but he did long for a chance to put
his shoulder to the wheel. Game after
game passed by, and no chance to show
what he could do! All the glory he
had was in the practice games when
the regulars wanted something to smash
into. That first year he learned pretty
well the rudiments of patience. He
could have retired then in disgust, but
he hung on.
"The second year he made the team
in a quasi sort of way contesting with
others the right to a place behind the
line. The third year he made the team
and has played in and through every
game. From the first, absolute obedi
ence to the coach was a law not to be
trifled wnh; he had earned a dislike to
side lines and knew that the slightest
insubordination or appearance of dis
satisfaction with the coach's ruling
would put him out of the game in
stantly. Sharp words and an occa
sional blow or shove from the coach
were taken in lamblike submission.
He learned that the coach was the
court of first and last appeal, abso-
HAS MISSOURI NEED
OF AN OFFICIAL FLAG;
Before Adopting Any More State Emblems,
Writer Suggests We Should Correctly
Use Those We Already Have.
lute monarch and supreme- dictator.
h Domestic Science Experiment.
As an experiment in domestic science
the Unhersity of Illinois has rented a
large house and half of it is furnished
according to preent-day methods, ami
the other according to the styles of
ETandmother davs. Modern conve
niences of heating and cooking will be
gauged against the old-fashioned ways
of oil lamps, pump water, carpets on
soft pine floors and so on. Careful ac
counts will be kept of expenses, time
consumed in preparation of food and so
on to discover which is the more economical.
The Atlantic fleet which left Hamp
ton Roads. Va., Dei'. 1(5. i!)07. will
sail from Manila on the latter half of
its world encircling voage to-day. The
officers and men of the fleet on
this trip around the world have been
lavishly entertained at ecry port
touched. Each government endeavored
to outdo the others in the w elcome ex
tended the visitors and the result has
been a degree of official hospitality
seldom recorded. In Australian waters
the Americans were greeted by men of
their own race: in Japan and China
they saw the splendors of the Orient;
in South America they were accorded
the laish hospitality of our Latin
neighbors and in the Mediterranean,
Southern Europe will turn out to do
The circumnavigation of the globe by
sixteen American battleships is a feat
that has never before been equaled in
the history of the world. The success
ful voyage of the fleet has shown to
the world what the United States navy
can do and it has been instrumental
in promoting good feeling between the
United States and the nations visited
by the fleet. LEO R. SACK.
is only a few vears since the move
ment was laughed at as silly, imprac
tical, sentimental, and worst of all as
not being in any sense educational.
Now it is seen to be the foundation
principle of education.
Mr. Riis said that it took some years
to drive this fact home and to get the
people in power in the Government to
see it. One mayor of New York face
tiously called the movement "vaude
ville" and then gravely remarked that
"vaudeville killed Rome." But the idea
kept growing in spite of the negative
as well as the positive opposition and
Mr. Riis kept hammering away at it,
because as a newspaper man doing po
lice headquarters work and work in
the courts he saw day after day youth
ful criminals sent to Elmira and else
where boys who were made criminals
from lack of playgrounds, from lack
of sunshine and from an environment
which reeked in crime and in
criminal possibilities. "Hell's Kitchen,"
in the old Bowery district, was
infested with crime and criminals. It
was cleaned out, a little park was
opened and the sign "keep off the
grass" was not put up. Crime and
riniinals disappeared when fresh air
and sunshine appeared. The lesson de
nied from "Hell's Kitchen" was ap
p'ied to other sections of the city, with
equally satisfactory results.
So widespread has the movement be
come, said the speaker, that more than
200 cities have established public play
grounds within a few years, and nearly
as many more are about to start. Out
in the Far Western State of Washing
ton there is even more enthusiasm over
playgrounds than in anv State in the
country, except Massachusetts, for it
must be borne in mind that Massachu
setts leads the country in this matter
at present. "What does all this
mean!" exclaimed Mr. Riis. "It means
that as a republic we are beginning to
understand the necessity of giving all
our children a fair start in life. If
child lalmr is not killed the manhood of
the country will die. You can't make
half a boy more than half a man. The
child of siv who is put to work is a
spent man at thirty. A boy without a
playground is the father of a man
without a job." A number of instances
were given of criminals seen during his
newspaper experience who had turned
out to be jrood men when rnvpn a
"hance. He said: "The day will come
yet, and I hope we may all live to see
it. when the prison door will be re
garded as a school door, and when in
stead of the word 'vengeance' there
will be over the door the word 'hope.'"
In Football Times.
Now the college boy gets gay
And noisily celebrates.
Would that he'd be the cub that cheers
But not inebriates.
"To his surprise, this big fellow,
with a digestive apparatus like a cider
mill, found that he must take thought
as to whether this or that meat, drink
or pastry was muscle forming, wind
stopping, bone hardening, or not.. All
pies had looked alike to the big, hearty
boy until he was a football player,
and then the family was thrown
into consternation by the great-Ani-erican-living-pie-storehouse,"
as he had
called himself, leaving the table just
before the "good stuff" appeared. This
soon became chronic, and pie and pud
dings, pork and coffee were resolutely
put away without even a last linger
ing Lot's-wife look behind.
'All engagements which interfered
with football practice were set one
side, and an early to bed habit was
formed. The one lesson in- the matter
of diet what is and what is not for
the best wind, endurance, strength
though costing much self-sacrifice, was
"Anything that teaches- self-control
must be welcome to parents watching
a lad's development. Of course, the
lesson of never talking back to the
coach was quickly learned". But it had
to be learned even in the- excitement of
the battle with the most aggravating
circumstances. No matter if the other
fellow does 'slug,' the law of the com
mittee is 'noslugging. That was not
taken seriously until in the first of
the great contests for supremacy one
of the best players was put off and
out of the game and was not allowed
to play again in any of the league
games. Tlc boys found they must not
pummel the other side, even in sup
posed self-defense. No boy wanted to
lose his place even for a day.
Submergence of Self.
"Everything for the team as a whole
and nothing for personal prowess. If
any men come in for a scolding it is
the so-called 'lest player.' who do
tilings on their own hook "for tar
playing' too often. They have their
names in the paper, but they bring
upon their heads over and over the
lashing sarcasm of the coach. 'All for
the -team' is the motto push, pull, in
terfere, everything to get the man
with the ball along. To get that ma
chine of eleven independent, and one
might almost say discordant, elements
to work as one man, made it neces
sary to reduce the eleven egos there to
a traction oi a one. in tnat submer
gence, no matter what the papers said
or the spectators, our F. B. took no
credit to himself, for if he did get the
touchdowns pretty often, it was, he
would modestly explain, 'Because the
guards in front of him opened holes
for him to go through, while the backs
pushed and the tackles pulled.' Noth
ing is more absurd than for Ihe man
with the ball to make a bow to the
grand stand and bleachers. The foot
ball gridiron is no stage; it is life. The
other fellows helped to do it perhaps
more than you did yourself. So F. B.
'Of course, beef counts, and the city
papers always discounted this special
team because it was great on the
HAS Missouri a flag? As far as
records show, the only flag ever
adopted for Missouri by legisla
tive enactment was that adopted by
the Confederate Congress during one of
its early sessions, and there seems to
Iks no evidence that this flag was ever
However there is a way of getting
a flag through a more powerful agency
than "congresses or legislatures that is
through custom or usage. Let us see
what custom has done for us in the
way of furnishing a flag.
In the Civil War, Missouri regiments
carried in addition to the stand of
regimental and national colors pre
sented to them by the national gov
ernment, a state flag on which was the
coat-of-arms of the state on a blue
ground. This flag is carried at the
present time by the National Guard
of Missouri, and is accepted, at least
semi-officially, as the state flag. It is
certainly a state flag. Is it THE state
It is customary for all states or na
tions to make use of their arms
for flags of one sort or another. The
question is, if there is a question, does
Missouri, not being a nation in her
self, have any need of a flag in the
sense that the "stars-and-stripes" is
the flag of the- United States.
Whether the question of the state
flag is, or is not, a proper one, there
are some questions concerning the coat-of-arms
of the state that may verv
well bo raised. One raised without
cause is regarding the kind of bear
that should Be used in the coat-of-arms.
It has been suggested that
William G. Fettus, the Secretary of
State who had the engraving of the
"Great Seal of the State of Missouri"
in charge, was to use the white bear
or the grizzly- bear as he thought best.
This interpretation perverts the mean
ing of the statute. Only one bear is
spoken of and that is called "the white
or grizzly bear of Missouri."
Why it should call the grizzly
"white" is for us to explain if we can,
and if we can't explain it, we o.ight
to let it go at that. We can sec no
justification for calling the grizzly "the
grizzly bear of Missouri," until we re
member that, at the time the bounda
ries of the state were so indefinite
that territory stretching south into
what is now Arkansas and westward
to the Rocky Mountains, was then
considered a part of Missouri.
He was then in truth "the grizzly -Jl
bear of Missouri, even though perhaps
few of the men who made np the first
general assembly had ever seen one of
his family. " But these legislators could
scarcely have used their imaginations
to stretch even the indefinite bounda-'
ries of that time so much that they
would include, any part of the polar
home of the white bear.
However, the seal is not what the
statute specifies that it shall be. The
position of the bear in the coat-of-arms
is counter passant instead of
passant as the statute demands. That
is, it faces the central line of division
instead of the other way. The coat-of-arms,
as it appears in the seal of
the University of Missouri, is correct.
In the book plate used by the Uni
versity library, not only does the bear
face the wrong way but also the hori
zontal line that divides the right side
of the arms bisects it, instead of leav
ing, as it should Ieae, one-third above
and two-thirds below. The crescent
also has been often printed out of pro
portion to the other partsof the arms.
Missouri heraldry is a much muddled1
affair but would it not be better for
us to learn- how to rightlv use the ii
nmlilnma 41,, n ..1..a1 1- 1 -4
t.uU,i.ui, umi c duraui nave ueiore -"s
we consider the adoption of any morel
D. R. SCOTT.
scales. And1 these fellows valued their
bigness until a little team from a dis
tance which, we notice has not been
baten this season' came along and
they 'lined-up against the elephants.
But .the ttfle fellows were full of
chain lightning. Under, over, and
around they went, starting their plays
with a jumpj and: every man in the
bunch helping the fellow with the ball.
They formed magnificent interference
and kept things moving with a speed
the big fellows- did! not think was pos
sible. Our F. B. found that more tlian
weight is needed for success, at least
on the gridiron. To follow the ball,
to see where it Is going, to anticipate
p'ays, to break through interference
cne must be alert, with 'eyes in the
back of his- heatL' and a 'thinker' in
that head to. decide and act in a flash.
Especially must on be alert in falling
on the ball- Some one drops it and
the victory may all depend on getting
the pigskin- It takes quickness to do
"'Fumbling, when everything else fa
vors, is often disastrous. Too great
eagerness of one or two, in starting too
soon, results in & penalty of twenty
yards or more of lost ground. Every
thing counts, and the one weak spot
in the line will soon be found out and
hammered for gains and, therefore,
"What a splendid lesson F. B. has
learned in that virtue! nis team has
been defeated but once in fifteen games.
Ami this quality of endurance has been,
among many, the biggest factor. Other
years this team has started out well,
but not till this season has it been
able to hold out through the last five
minutes of play. Game after game has
shown this F. B.'s team stronger on
wind.' I do not know what the coach
has done, but lie has put the boys
thro'ugh some disciplining which has
meant 'Never say die.' He says be
tween the halves, 'Boys, you've got to
win!' And they do win. Hard as
nails every one of them, and their wind
is like that from a pair of patent bel
lows, which blows on both the up and
down stroke. Always the other team
is the most exhausted, and always at
the end of the game our boys come off
fiesh. Nothing spectacular has been
taught, but a stcadv foreimr nf
opponents yard after yard, keeping it
up and keeping it up, till the goal has
leen passed. One important game was
won. with a very few seconds left, all
because of the splendid form of the
1k)vs in ceaselessly keeping at it to the
Joys of Victory and Sorrows of Defeat
'Both of these have been important
lessons. F. B. had a ride with another
cne of the team on the shoulders of the
boys freiu the grounds to the dressing
room. Then there was a defeat which
caused some of the boys to shed tears
and look as if the skies had fallen.
F. B. came home and for the first time
in our recollection he merely minced at
his dinner, and" went right to bed. He
looked old in the morning, but it only
made us laugh' at him and tell him to
wait till he struck some of the rocks
of business or professional life. Ibese
smiles and tears of life's struggle come
along fast enough. We can't expect to
make touchdowns every time we buck A
the world; sometimes we are 'thrown
back for a loss.'
"Then there Is the absolute necessity
of courage. There is .no place on the .1
team tor the one who stops to think
of possible injury. A good plaver
fearless and thinks not of what may J
happen to him. And facts show that
these fearless players are the one
least often hurt. They must have the
honor of the school at stake, and for
get themselves in the L.ory thev are
helping to win for the school, which at
ce-y game is represented with yells
and colors and bravos to inspire and"
rouse all the fighting spirit the team;
"To see- the team after a hard game,
when the ground has been a bit soft s5
tousled, grimy, bruised, faces deeb:
lined that is a time to repel, evenSlis-l
gust, a novice or stranger to the mys-a
tenes of football glories. But when F.
i. appears at dinner after the daily!
shower bath and nib down at one of
Boston's splendidly equipped schoolj
buildings, we see that cleanliness must?
Ik? a virtue to add to tlw long list of,"
cood things which footbt-I eacts froal
"But some one says the dangers to
life and limb. A rough game meant
certain possibilities, but F. B. has plav
ed three years without an hour's in-
jury, and none of his team have ha4
more than a temporary soreness.
Scholarship Must Be Maintained.
"Several of the good men have beem'i
laid off because of neglect of studies."
It is a severe strain to make a niaa
work his hardest during the nftcrno
in practice and then face the hardeel
lessons at night. No weakling, phyM
cal or mental, should undertake itj
Out F, B. held up his scholarship a
never before. 'a
"Physical perfection is the fin
analysis the big residuum of the sea?
sons strenuous effort. What could
sibly compare with the training
preparation the boys have gone through
with to fit them for the hard work
school through the winter! F.
comes out of the season in prime coB'i
dition for the hardest kind of tackluH" !
and protracted endeavor with lfc
guages, physics and mathematics.
"Thus we gladly pay our tribute
the great game which is doing o meA
for developing our young men phy :
ally and morally, preparing the,
me hard grinding battles of cot
y tt 'v.
1 ' .i""""""" i-naj K"BBaX9H