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COLUMBIA, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1908.
Scarcity of Mussel Shells
Cripples Manufacture of
OP WASHINGTON U.
MAY GO TO HARVARD
PROFESSOR CURTIS' DISCOVERY
Experiments for U- S. Here
Lead to Valuable
I.xpciimcnt- in the propogation of
itm el- which are being conduct oil by
tin1 tlfp.ii t mriit iif oniony of tlie L'ni
criiv of Missouri have already result
ed in import :mt di-covcric-. Prof. Wil
liam (. Cuiti- ha- discovered that tlie
e:ii. tlie litr;i-.li and nnieli eondeinned
tili which spoil- game li-hing liy feed
ing on the little li-he- of game variety.
I in tiiIio- life to many of the minute
ar load of fish wa- reeeived from
the United State Bureau of Fisheries
1 the department of oology recently,
to he u-cd in experiments relative to
the pearl button industry. The scar
city of mussel -.helK has come to Ik' a
m riou- prolilem in this industry and
it is the aim of the department of
oolngj in making the experiments to
llielease the -upply of mu-scl-.
Value of the Carp.
In the three week that the experi
ments haw been carried on the fish
haw Ihvii under the careful observation
of I'rof. George Lefevre. head of the de
partment, and l'rof. Curtis. In their
observation- they hae noticed that the
caip are of much value ill the
pioduction of mussels. It -eem- that
the carp, in poking laxily along the
eierk bottoms, is often made the oliiijx
ii home of mussel spawn, which
hatches and clings to the sides of the
ti-h. sub-i-ting on the fish until it 1h-ome-
sulliciently large to drop olT and
sliitt for itself. They are often no
larger than one-fifth the size of a pin
head when they drop.
If somii. means of proportion of
mussels is not found, it is e-timated
that tin- manufacture of peal buttons
will haw to be discontinued within ten
Th" importance of the pearl button
industry is shown in the story of ilu
ea'ine. la., and an old button maker
of that place. The industry was -tait-cd
theie by an old Ceruian named Boe-M-!e.
and. although his methods were
.Hide, the industry has grown until to
d.iv Mii-catine is the center of the
p-ail button industry.
The Story of Mur-catine.
About thiitceii years ago Bcoicle set
tled in .Muscatine. He lived in the edge
ol town in an humble little house. He
.voiihl wade around in the stream,
awhile and then return with a basket
lull of mussels. In his house he would
sit tor a loitple of day- and then saun
ter up town with a few doen pearl
buttons and sell them to dry goods merchant-.
The old German'- implements were
(Hide. lie had been a button maker in
Germany and hi- method- were kept
--ciet It wa- learned, however, that he
had two or thiee hollow metal cylind
er with saw teeth filed in the edges.
With these he sawed out the buttons
on a loughly constructed turning lathe.
Then holdingthe button in hi- hand he
would grind out its shape on the lathe.
During the growth of this one-man
eiiterpri-e Xichola- Harry, another Mil
eatine man. began to -ehenie to find a
wav to improve the button making ma
ihinerv. The result of ten years of
-fudv ami experiment is some of the
most intricate manufacturing machinery
in cxi-tence- and all of it made in Mu
Finally the original button maker be
came ili-satisfied and sold out. alas for
him. Capital was interested in the ven
ture and the factory grew until now.
with its machinery which makes all
stvles of pearl button- autoniatically.it
onupie- a whole block. From the
market ba-ket clam fi-hing the work
has in, i e.wd until the Mi-i-ipp' "'r
and its tributaries from middle Min-ne-oM
down to Louisiana i- scoured for
Educator Denies United Press Report
That He May Succeed
By United l'rra.
CAMBRIDGE. -Mass.. Dee. 11. It is
now considered certain that Chancellor
1). F. Hou-tt.n. of Washington Univer
sity, will succeed Dr. Charles W. Eliot
as President of Harvard College. Presi
dent Eliot lecommended Chancellor
Hou-ton for the po-ition.
Pre-ident Eliot recently resigned, to
take effect the fir-t of the vear.
( hancellor Hou-ton is here attending
the inauguration. When -ecu by a re
porter for the University Mi-sourian,
he denied having heard anything of the
SUNBEAM PARADE, LAST
FEATURE OP INAUGURAL
Grand Marshal Reeder Announces it
Will Be Fair and Warmer
Theie will be a -unlight parade to
morrow, as part of the celebration of
the inauguration of Pre-ident Fair
l)av-. All sunbeam- are requested to
assemble earlv in the day. Grand
Marshal Reeder announces it a- fol
"Fair tonight and Saturday. Coo'cr
tonight and warmer Saturday."
The temperature at 10 a. in. wa- :10
degrees; at 2 p. m., -40 degrees.
FIRST OF KIND HERE
Students Will Give Demonstration for
President Hill Tonight.
With flaming torches, eight rou-ing
-alutes and songs and yells, the torch
light parade to lie held this evening at
8:.'!0 o'clock in honor of President A.
Ross Hill, president of the University
of Mi-souri. will march to the home
of the president. It will be the fir-t
time that such a greeting has been
tendered to a Pre-ident by the stu
Nearly 1.000 students are expected to
take part in the spectacle. The p.
tadcrs will meet in the rear of Academ
ic Hall at S:15 o'clock to organie.
From there the line of march will lead
around the west -ide of the "quad" to
the arc light pole at the far end. thence
mound the ca-t -ide to the front of
Academic Hall and to the columns
where the eight -alute guns will be
RABBIT'S FOOT FAILURE
Judge Wallace, Satisfied, Retires.
By fntteJ Trcfs.
KW--AS CITY. Dee. 11. Judge
William II. Wallace of the Criminal
I m-t has tendered hi- re-ignation to
Gov. Folk, to take effect Saturday.
lu.lge Wallace ha- made him-elf con
spicuous tluough the eni-ade he con
' ducted again-t the Sunday opening of
Kansas City theaters. He says that
the laws are now so well obeyed in
the city that he feel- ju-tified in retiring
Dr. Conway is Fined Despite His
Dr. A. M. Conway was fined i?!!0 and
co-ts bv acting Judge Bradley in the
Boone county circuit court late yester
day afternoon, for writing prescriptions
for whisky for other than medicinal
purposes. This happened despite the
fact that Webb Cordon, attorney for
Conway, carried a rabbit's foot in his
vest pocket for the sake of luck.
This morning an npjical to the Kan
sas City Court of Appeals wa- granted
by Judge Bradley in Dr. Conway'- ca-e.
and al-o in the eae of the State vs.
Dr. Charles Hume, who had al-o been
convicted of writing illegal whisky pre
U. OF M. CADETS PARADE
The complete military urganization
of cadet-, of the University of Mi otiri
wa- out on dress parade at 4 o'clock
this afternoon and passed in review le-
forc President A. Ross Hill and the
vi-itors at the inauguration exerci-e-.
Captain Joseph Fraier had command.
The a embling of the cadet- and
roll call on the campus was followed by
an exhibition drill and the review. The
drill was led by the cadet band follow
ed by the companies of cadet-. The
sohlierlv aspect of the cadets in their
bright new uniform- presented a pleas
ing picture. A large crowd witne ed
Republic's Inauguration Report.
The St. Louis Republic was the only
St. Louis new-paper to send a -talf
corrc-iMtiident to Columbia to report
the eerci-es of the inauguration of
Pn-ident Hill. Friday- Republic con
tains an account a column and a half
long of Thursday'- program, with -a
three-column picture layout. . '
Cochran i- the staff correspondent here.
Prof. John M. Burnani. former! a
meinlKT of the Univer-ity of Mi-ouri
faculty, is attending the inaugural exercise-
as a delegate from the Univer
sity of Cincinnati.
DR. ALBERT ROSS HILL INSTALLED
AS PRESIDENT AMID THE APPLAUSE
OF FACULTY, STUDENTS, VISITORS
Climax of Two Days' Exercises Takes Place
When Keys of the University Are
4vmtxL ik . "'A3 JS.Jfc 56
" ?-, SJH r V"0 i? w9t
FORMER GOV. FRANCIS REPRESENTS
CURATORS IN THE CEREMONIAL
Educator Relates History of Institution, and
Scores Some Phases of College Athletics
Praises His Predecessor.
A torchlight parade tonight by students of the University will end the ex
ercises which have been in progress two days in the inauguration of Dr. A
Ross Hill as president of the University of Missouri. The climax in the cere
monies was reached this morning when former Gov. David R. Francis placed
his hand upon Dr. Hill's shoulder and pronounced him president of the Univer
sity of Missouri, amid the plaudits of students, faculty, and Curators of the
University, and special guests at the inauguration.
In this act was the formal consummation of two days of parading and
celebrating the installation of the ninth President of the University of Mis
souri. When the applause ceased Dr. Hill began his inaugural address, in
which he told of the history of the University of Missouri, pointed out its
material needs, praised Dr. Richard Henry Jesse, his predecessor, who sat on
the platform with him; and, in discussing the physical development of stu
dents as related to their mental development, declared that in some cases
University athletics are for the pleasure of gamblers rather than of any ed
Dr. Albert Ross Hill.
STRIKING PARAGRAPHS FROM
PRESIDENT HILL'S SPEECH
IXDKPKXDEXCK brought with it many important economic, political
and -otial changes, and the new states found themselves in posses
sion of a gieat national domain in the West. Here was an opportu
nity for the establishment of institutions which should answer to the
rising educational consciousness of the American people.
In 1S1U. the long and varied efforts of Thomas Jefferson to secure the
establishment ol a University under public control in the Old Dominion
weie crowned with sitcce . The intrinsic character of the new insti
tution was such that it- establishment marked an epoch in America"
We have found our-elve- more or les- consciously striving toward the
-tandaid set up by Huxley when he said: "Xo system of public educa
tion i- worth the name of national unless it creates a great education
al ladder with one end in the gutter and the other in the university."
HIGH ACADEMIC STANDARD HERE
TIIAXKS largely to the ideals, insight and untiring efforts of my
immediate predecessor in the Presidency, and to the support which
he received from tlie faculties and the school teacher.- of Miouri.
this University today maintains standards of graduation for the degree
of Rachelor of Arts that are not excelled by any University on the
The xoiing man or woman in the University, while still partly a crea
ture of itilluence and social environment, is possessed of a measure of
self-direction in thought and action, is experiencing a heightened -en-e
of mental independence and doubt- regarding the validity of tho-e judg
ments which have been naively accepted through social heredity, i--ubjeet
to the "growing pain-"' of the intellectual life, and the way
through all thi- to stability and -obriety of judgment is more thor
There are tho-e who prefer to see in the emphasis upon the scientific
spirit, some danger to the moral life. Xow the moral danger from it
i- certainly inappieciahle. Thinking lead- to faith, or to that kind of
doubt which i- as humble a- faith.
COLLEGE ATHLETICS FOR GAMBLERS
UNFORTUNATELY some of the best games for university students
have lieen so modified in America through the influence of the
piofes-ional coach, that they now partake less of the spirit of
play than of military discipline I sometimes fear that intercollegiate
athletic- today constitute a great menace to the development of true
uimcr-ity ideal- in America. They are in many in-tance- carried on
for the entertainment of gambler.- and their method is dictated by paid
coache- without any educational aims.
Thi- Univer-ity ha- lieen a pioneer in its insistence upon elan. man
ly -port. The University of Missouri will continue to seek first the
kingdom of true sportsmanship, anil let victories be added unto her.
ttnly thi- year, in re-pon-e to insistent calls from students with that
field in view, this Univer-ity ha- made provision for the training of
journali-t-. This great profession. large in numbers and important in
influence, has a right to expect to recruit its ranks (from univer-ityi
trained men. and I am hopeful of the son-ice which the School of Jour
nalism of this University will render to the advancing and complex civ
ilization of Missouri.
PLEA FOR ABLEST TEACHERS
EXCLUSIVE of ermanent endowment, a tuition fee of .?.1M a year
would be necessary in tlie 1e-t univer-ities of America if the cost
were to U defrayed by the students alone. In the University of Mis
souri, we e.xjK-ntLmuch les than that amount on each student.
I consider it the greatest glory of .he administration of President Je e
that lie worked per-i-tcntly to secure- and retain here the able-t profc
sors available. I shall seek to follow hi- policy in this regard. So to
the people I would -ay. force us to work here in joor buildings if yon
must, but for the sake of the youth of Mi-souri. give us men!
This i- the Univer-ity of the people of Mi--ouri. Individual- of
wealth within the state might well add private lenefactions to public
munificence, knowing that any buildings erected here will lie lasting
monuments to their memories, and that the state will gladly provide
for maintenance and for the administration of the trust.
Upon the platform sat representa
tives of L'niversities in the North.
South, and Fast, member- of the Board
of Curator-. Bi-lmp Tut tie of Miouri.
:md many ili-tingui-hcd educator-.
The auditorium wa- packed with i
itor-. -tudent-. alumni and town-peo-pie.
Procession in Cap and Gown.
While the Univer-ity Olee Club -an".
Dr. T-idor Loeli led the academic pro-ce-sion
into the auditorium at 9:40 a.
m. Those in the front ranks marched
onto the rostrum. In the front row
were Dr. Hill. Dr. Jesse, President J. G.
Schurman of Cornell, former Gov.
Franci-. Bi-hop Daniel S. Tuttle of St.
Loui-. and nicmlier- of the Board of
Curator-. Capt. C. B. Faris. pre-ident
of the Board, was unable to 1m- pres
cut. and Gov. Francis acted for him.
I!v Franci- prc-ided. and an iinpre--ive
imocation wa- delivered by Bi-hop
Tuttle. concluding with the l.ord"-
-ludent- have no mi-giving- a- to the
outcome of our administration. I de
sire on behalf of the Board of Curators
to pledge to you our Mipjiort and en
couragement. If the Iioard agrees with
me in this, let them rise."
The Curator- present rose, and Gov.
Franci- called in turn on the faculty,
which ro-e in a bod.
"Since it is only through the work
of the students that the prestige of this
institution can increase, will ask them
also to rise," continued Gov. Francis,
and every student present rose with
hearty good will.
Gov. Francis laid hi- hand on Presi
dent Hill'- shoulder and -aid: "Alliert
Ro-s Hill, on In-half of the Board of
Curators, I pronounce you pre-ident of
the Univer-ity of the State of Mis
Appl.iii-t- burst foith. pennant- wav
ed, and handkerchief- .fluttered. Dr.
Jes-e offered a prayer for the welfare
of the Univcr-itv under Dr. Hill- guid-
Praver. in which the audience ioincd
The Univcr-itv choru- -ang Ilavdn's ''"- "'l Hiri-iiMn. jell leader.
"The Heaven- are Tollin"" and Gov'"-' ih? -'?" fr '' 'I'- """ I"".
Franci- then add.e-ed Dr. Hill by liiJ"'"- Afu'r ti" '-ar-splitting demou
nt which the new President
arose, anil Gov. Francis bared his head. i"P,M't''1-
stmt ion had eia-cd. Dr. Hill Iicgan his
On behalf of the Board of Curators."
-aid Gov. Francis, "I proceed to invest
you with all the authority and pre
rogatives of the high office as president
of the University of Miouri. The
hundred- of student- who a einble in
thee halls, take with them hundreds
of precepts which make and -hape
their after career-. Tlie Board of Cu
rators, in choosing a President for this
institution, -canned the whole educa
tional field, in it- effort- to find a suit
able man. realizing that the future of
this institution dependul on the wis
dom of the choice.
"You were their unanimous choice.
The satisfaction s( generally e.xprt ed
by the students, alumni and people of
Miouri mike- them feel that that
tru-t ha- not been mi-placed, and that
the Curator- have therefoie been lienc-factor-
of the State in choosing you.
Tone Depends on President.
"The field upon which ou are about
to enter is not unknown land to you.
Your knowledge of the diameter of
our people has given you a knowledge
of their expectations. No president
ever entered upon his duties under more
"The vcrv atmo-phcre of this Uni-
ti.r.itv is iiisiiiriii!' and broad. Its tone I
ami color will 1h contributed b the
per-onality of the man at its head.
Tin. financial cn-ls affected -Mis-
Crowd Gathers Early.
The announcement that part of the
auditorium was open to the general
public diew the crowd early, and the
unreserved scat- filled een lie fore the
academic proces-ioti formed. Those who
held tickets for reserved seats were
more leisurely about arriving.
The sun hi nke tluough the clouds
which had overcast the sky, while the
procc ion wa- forming, and believers
in omen- ejaculated joyou-ly thereat.
The procession was h-s- prompt than
mi Thin -day. and did not leave the
corridor- of the hall until aliout fifteen
minute- after the tune -et for it.
The Cornell Club from St. Louis came
to Columbia in it- private car which
i- at the Katy Station. The mcmlicrs
-at in a body at the inaugural exer-ci-e-.
They were planning to give a
Cornell veil, but decided at the last
minute that it would not Ik- appro
priate. They aie eighteen in numlior
and will return to St. Louis tonight.
Pre-ident Hill"- addn will Ik- found
in full on pages three and four of this
WIRELESS MESSAGE HERE
Department of Engineering of
-ou.i les, than any of her -i-t.T States.! the University of Mi-ouri today gave
Let us form a picture of the time twen- practical demoii-tr.it ion ol wireless
tv year- hence, when theie will be in , telegraphy.
Mi-.ouri a city of one million, another ! An ..Mr. nt was -t up on the
of 730 WW and two more of -2.Vl.0on , mound under the lome columns, and
cach-I refer to St. Jo-eph and Joplin. ,-tmlent- reported the military maneu
The population has increased in the .vers which were taking place on the
vast two decades forty-three ,-r cent jcampus to the v.-.tor, within the
and will incr.ase fifty in the next two building.
decades. Mi oiiri s population wnf men i
I... fiw. millions. Its a e-scil wealtli
Luncheon and Speechmaking.
Ins increa-ed more than fifty per cent j After the ban.p.et at Lailimp Hall,
in the la-t two decade-, and will in-'rfven by the alumni ol the Univer-ity
crease sixty per cent perhap- one hun
dredin the next two.
'I am here to extend greeting- to
you and to pledge our support. There
! ii- n.:.. lfin tlmt
l- no more nome w.tuwi...m " -
which now opens to you
of Curator-, the alumni, faculty and
of Miouri this afternoon, speeches
were made by C. J. Keyser. of Columbia
Univer-ity: Dr. Frank Strong, chancel
lor of Kansas University; Prof. W. A.
Scott, of the University of Wi-con-in.
and others. Dr. A. Ro-s Hill acted a-toa-t