Newspaper Page Text
An evening nevsfafer published at Columbia,
Mo., every tehoc(dy by the Department of
Journalism of the University
Entered at the pottoffice at Columbia, Mo., as
second-class mail matter.
SUBSCRUTION-Invnrlably In Advance:
Ilj Mnll or Carrier:
School Vcnr, $3.00; Semester, I.-'.'..
Single Copies, Two Cents.
Bu-ivpss Officf Koom E. Academic Hall,
Univershyof Missouri, Columbia, Mo.
Department office. 37T.
Business Offi e, 7M.
Only Appmrrtt Artrrrtlniwj Arcrptril.
Jtnten on .Ifpllmtlon.
Address nil communications to
Dec. 10. Henry County Club. :m p. m
Room 24, Academic Hall.
Pike County Club. S:00 p. in
004 South Ninth street.
Lecture, Lorsulo Taft. Audito
rium. Raskctball. Missouri again-t
Warren-burg Xormnl. Roth
Raskctball, Missouri against
Warren-burg Xorni.il. Itoth-
Preliminary University di
Dec. 2.1. Wrdne-day. at 1 j. m. to .Ian.
.". Tue-day, at S a. m.. Chri-t-
Jan. I!). Addre-s li-fon- Dcpaitmciit of
Jouriinlisin by Norman Hap-
Fanners Week i- , miniature univer
pity for the rural citizen- of Missouri.
Lectures upon eveiy ph-i-c of faun life
upor which the fanner dep-nds for his
material prosperity will be given .it
the University the lir-t week in . Un
itary. One national and eight -tatr organi
zation will holil annual meetings ui
Columbia at that time. The attend
ance will include the lM-t-to-do tillers
of the oiI and -tock raiser- ot tie
state. P.reeders of bees as well a- breeders
of hogs and cattle will eome and li-ten
to the lectures liearing directly upon
thfir work at honu-. The addn-sst-s
will lie made by sp,.,.i.ili-ts in their line
and whateer tln-e men -ay will It"
spoken with authority for they know
their business better than mot others.
The hittires will not b.- com-linl in
known only to -
lege men. The truth
. 1, -ii t
scientifically correct but the language
will 1m simple enough for the unlet
tered to grasp.
The visitors will lie taught by th"
laboratory method as well as by lec
ture. The horticultural society will
have a display of apples; the eorn grow-
ers will nvliiliit colli- I In hee keener
,.:n 1 1 1.1... .i.: I..,. '
AIll "-ll'Hl IKIIII ' -IIIU 111.' --i.il I 1IMI1, -rill
ter and che.-e.
Xo admission i charged to the lec
tures nor is there anv examination lor 1
entrance, but .young men may enter tl
contest for corn judging.
The social life of the farmers i
neglected for they will have -..leant
hours l.-tw.i-ii -essi.,11 for inter. onr-P. .
The annual banquet that is held the "--11 - -''' P- " ''w "'" I - if H"' ollicers and men know their
closing night brings the farmers into -1-"'-"' i-""- done by a long shot." com- , buin. s, the fighting ability of the Am
a clo-er fellowship and leau-s a pl.-nint I-nontt-l the football man. eric.in tleet is inferior to none. It is
memory uf their sojourn in Columbia. , "Y,,''r- ri'-" ,,0,1,1,'1 ,", ?' "" "Fighting Rob" ought to
F.verV farmer will get his money's "That's what some of the !.--t ers j know, when it comes to discus-ing the
worth i.v coming to Columbia for Farm ..in .l.iin it f.-r." lighting qualities of warships, and if
ers Week i "'"t '" Ihink that the old Kgjp-jail the officers and sailors on the ships
.ti.uis built splendid canals in their day. jli.ne the ame feeling, which thej
Thej- call him a grind because ho
studies most of the daj and night. lit
is not a mixer and -o does nnt enjoj
Wing with the boys after -upp-r. The
girl laugh at him in-te.ul of with him.
-o he does not go with them. In the
cl.ts- room he thinks of them merely
as part of the natural siirroundiags.
His people have alwa.vs had a fixed
purjHise ahead to which thej- struggled
with every atom of strength. His
father has brought tip a large famil.v.
and h.i had to work earlv and late to
keep the famil.v clothed and fed. His
mother has at wax's had an inten-e de
sire to h-arn. but as -he received little
education while joung. and ha- little
time to read now, her desires are kept
smouldering. Rut sbe ha- bj- her en
thusiasm burned into the minds of her
children the ambition to lMcome well
'Ihe grind iwd to walk several miles
to the high school in town evcrj day.
After graduating, he taught school for
two j ear- and -aved everj- cent possi
ble. Then he went avvav to college.
While tliTe he has done hi utmost to
learn hi- !c on- well. He will never
be a great man in th" monej-making
sei'-e. l".i I he will become a deep scholar
and thus fulfil the ambitions of his
mother, his only sweetheart. His ideal
is perfection in learning of lessons.
When the examination papers come
tmck and he has secured the highest
.fade, the other students with curling
lip call him a grind. I!ut this proof of
his ability brings a passing gleam of
happiness to the tired features of the
He ha- never had an easy time and
does not know that he could enjoy life
more by going to dances and shows.
He does nut know the joys of letting
the lemons go until the examinations
draw near, and then cramming every
thing -Mi-dhle. His chief recreation is
football where he -ees men struggling
Here's to the grind; unpopular, un
lovable, but who does what he thinks
CLARA THOM1SOX will
ilmrsdav afternoon for
Adele Fleming, whose marriage to Dr.
Aimer Core of Marshall will take place
The Kappa Kappa Camma fraternity
will entertain the Sigma Alpha Kp-iln.i
fraternity with an infoimal dance Sat-
i ..ll-s .lean .wcLiine. who is in at me,
'Pi Heta Phi house, has lhen unable to
attend classes for a few la-
Ruth i:u-r-ole i- confined to her
home on Turner axeiiue with a
attack ol ton-ilitis.
Mr. and Mis. .Mm s Ankeney an -
dug to St. Louis Friday to -peinl art
: the holidaj-s.
.Mi-. .1. L Pabb will give a reception
lor the Delt
P-i -ororitv Thursday
The Chri-ttnas dance of the Colum
bia Club will take place Thurda' ev
ening. .Miss F.dtia 1) Di.v has gone to Oma
ha for a few- dav-
TOLD ACROSS THE
"With l!n.ui suggested a, the next
pre-ident ot IVx.is lnner-lt and
President l!oo-eelt planning hi- raid
..m darkest Africa. American politic
ma.v exerieiice a dull season." ren.aik
ed the -olicitor for the 0en.
! "What aie jou doing-" exclaimed
it he .lunior Medic, seeing the ie.l-head.il
-Soph" -vith th.- wart 011 his no-e pii7-
,7ling ov.-r a piece of p. per -craw'e.1
full of numbeis. -Trying to sole Co
j "Xo" confessed the latter. "Tin try- ' implicated, it is not hard to understand
ling to figure out whether or not I "" President's anger. The World an
j.ould corner the nickelodeon market ' nounc.-s its willingness to prove the
'for what it co-t- to send the Am.-ii.an
! .1 I ll... .. ,t I 11... 1..I ..
'" ' ' ',r"""" -'" ",r"'- '"' l!"" ,
'.i-iuui Aiui .. r. t:..l i:......l
( - - .. 1 1-" 1.' i-' 1. so 11 s a nun- i-onip'ieai.ii. '
I "Pei haps that s what the miuig
inione.v from the Panama canal deal 1
w.s Us.il tor. velltlir.il the mail Who
leads the Missouiian.
"What's that" .leniand.il the Fresh-
man. pausing in his search for a sou
Only a little kick on an overcharge."
replied the former. "The United States !
i'1'1 "'scover.it that it paid aIout --2s.-
1000.0011 too much for propcrt.v to In- i
u-il in ronnivtion with building the
Panama canal. Quite a little fu-s j
alKut it in Washington,
is btisv calling the roll
. s ims. i.iiiin; c III- lilll 111 mi .iiiiiuin-
Club and he promi-i- to initiate -ome ,
while modern Frame with the aid f , doubt l.-sslv have, no citien of the Uni
ihe bet in -cietife is forced to hand it. d States ought to doubt his state
the undertaking oyer to progre ie Am 1i11e.1t. or have any misghings as to our
erha." mused the Art- student. "And I protection on the seas. The present
even she max fail." ! successful trip of the fleet around the
"Wh.v don't jou write a poem aliout world should be a sulTicient argument
it?" suggc-tcd the solicitor
got the right spirit."
"That's Jhe idea." enthu-ia-tieally
agreed the "Soph." "We'll all take a
hand. How's thi- for a beginning?
There -eeiiis to bo a hitch
In the digging of the ditch."
Rut a .eproaelif.il I.Mik from the Arts
-Indent awed him into silent e and tie'
idea was given up.
The Frivolous Curate.
Rishop Mack.iy-"inith. on his return
from Europe, was talking at a dinner
in Philadelphia aUiut the Kngli-h cu
rate. "Thi- g.vl and intelligent joung
man." he said, sometimes acquires 11
liighh' artificial manner a manner too
sanctimonious. Meeting a curate of this
tvpe. one lietter understands the curate
jokes that so frequently occur in Lng-
land. An English lady told me one of
thee jokes about a wortbj but most
affected j'oung curate. He had. it
seems. leen skating, and the bracing
air had c-chilarated him.
"Oh, dear.' he aid, as he took off
his skates, 'I feel so frivolous: I think
I shall ride home in the smoking car:'"
Xew York Times.
SPIRIT OF THE NEWS
"No deep waterway at this session
of congress," was the semi-official re
Krt sent out from Washington jes
terday, or in other words. Congress will
tttke no action during this session on
the I-ikes-to-the-(!ulf deep waterway
proposition. Thus it seems that all the
efforts which have been made by the
citizens of the Mississippi Valley, look
ing toward a consideration of this all
iiiijtortant ipiestion at the present ses
sion of Congress has come to naught.
Outside of the tariff question the
l-ikes-to-the-tJulf canal is the most im
Mtrlant piece of legislation liefore the
American people. To the people of the
Mi-sissippi Vallev it is the nil-absorb-
ling question. The great population ot
1 thi-. the greatest agricultural region
'in the world, is more interested in a
' ,.t. -II II .1 A 1
canal mai win enaoie incin in sen.,
their farm products to markets cheaply,
than they are in the tariff quest inn.
What thev want is a channel down the
Mississippi and tributary rivers that'
will enable them to use the Panama
canal when it is finished, that will en-
Inhle them to reach the future markets
lot" the world, as soon a
theyearc open -
en to mem. various reasons are a.i-
ivaneed lor tlu postponement ot tlielf
w-tterway question. The present low
condition of the Unit.d States Trc.is-
urx is urged as a Utal reason, the deep
I waterwnj question should I- embodied
i speeial bill and not iiicliided in
Riu-rs and Ilarlxirs ltill i another
lrea - on: the lower portion of the Mis- i
-issiPpi rier has not jet Im-cii ade '
quatelv sunej'ed; and the di-ciisson
should 1h pistpnned until the special
' -(s.ion of congress called in the spring
, " ....
to di-ciiss the tarilT are still other e-
-i-. .... . :..n.. :........ ...a
see,,, ,o .,. ..... poor s,er...ges.
j .(o-eph Pulitei. owner of the Xew
j Vork World, and the St. Louis Post i
' Dipatch. has Im-cii addeil to Pre-idciit j
l!oo-eelt's "Ananias Club." accordin
i spiinl mess.ige -ent o eongre
I j-eslenlaj" l.J" the President. The mes
-age was ent m answer to a i emanil
s-tit in aiiwer to a demand
bj the World that the pres,-nt congres.
miestigiite what it stjled the Pana -
'" -'....... 1 m- acc.i-aiion upoii
''icli the .New T. ork World lw-.il il,
editorial, and which ha- caused the.
Pr.-ideiif- anger, -aj's that the United ,
states paid Mll.u.HUlUil .or Panama
V-'l""'"'.'- f,,r which the owners had !
' "" P-il -12.000.000. and asks who got
'' r,-t '" t'"' money Since the
Pn-ideiit" brothel in law. Douglas I
j IM-in-on. and C. P. Taft. the brother!
'"' the President -elect, ale alleged to be j
truth of the allegation, and President
I jlls.St1.ll f IlllWkllllll.k. III. ll.ltllflllttl it lilll
;" y '
In nr.,i-. ll... filsit' .it tli.. nli-iriTx.
--' r -" .. .-.. ... in.- mhhi-.
' "is -ame investigation was started in
1'Mtt. and was comlucted under the di-
m-uon 01 .--nraiiir .uorgau 01 .i;i.i.tni.i.
I"1' he died li-fore much he.ulwaj- had
leii made, and no one has been found
to take up the work. The pi nt con-
!troers.v will at least sere the pir-
po-e of dealing up this matter and
the blame re-t-. if siu-h
jexi - ts.
In a magazine articl
for this month.
Admiral Rohley I). Kvaus st rough- de-
j fends the American Xav.v. and s.i.vs
.tlllt it ij sllll.tfllM tli 'JHV iitlnil- tlirlitlllir
' .. - -..rwi" ... ...... ....... ........p.
maehine 111 existence, the la. nous hng-
jlisli Dreadnanght not excluded. He say-
in support of Admiral F. vans' state-
1 Refore the Christina- holi.laj-s. an act
jof enabling the territories of Xew Mex
ico and Arizona to Im-coiho states of the
Union will 1m? rea.lj- for presentation to
coiigre-s. and from present sentiment
lamong senators and repre-entatives,
'...T fw.im I'r. ti.l. lilt t'lWWi.V.tlt t.tllll
ll M'l ll.'lll I 11-1111 III II"""' .. It -..1.1'.
on the matter, as embodied in his mis--age.
the.y will in all probabilitj lie
admit ted to the Union as separate
states. The feeling in the territories is
plainly in favor of separate statehood.
since thev have Itil.illcd an other re
e,,-.-. i -is,,,. ........ .".'"-"" '"idents do not know some professors at
the question, most of these ecu-es ... , , ... ,i,.a. tl,i
1 . inll and som students go through tins
quireinents. and they should 1m- admit- the J. aveiiworth Post, an afternoon c-an wp )a. n niHtory on th record
ted to the Union as such. When this daily, and has Im-cii in the newspiper ftf . c,lrt, y,. ;-or(.t oft,.n that
occurs, two more stars will be added field for several jcars. lie is also a 1r npWi(pappl. ;s larelv a bulletin ot
to the flag, and the territory of the cartoonist of considerable distinction. ra, p.lthiy. It tears off the band
United States will be roundel out into ae, from t)lp' claracti.rs of men and
a compact body of forty-eight states, j Wants Government Newspaper. shows us the reeking wounds lenc.itli.
Prizes for Aeronauts,
.lames Cordon Rennett. proprietor of
the Xew York Herald, has presented
to the French Aero Club an interna
tional aviation cup. valued at .?2.."0rt.
as well as three sums of ?..000 to be
add.il as prizes in the three annual
(The Unlrer-ltr Miwonrtin InTltes cootri
batlnns. not to exceed 200 word, on matters
of fnlrenlty Interest. The name of the
writer should accompany soch letters, bnt will
not be printed unless desired. The Cnlrer-t-lty
Missourian dues not expres approril nor
dlsapproTal of these communication! by print
Culture in Columbia.
To the Editor of the Unrterslty Mlssoarltn:
Has not the term "Athens of Mis
souri" Ikjmi misappropriated by Colum
bians? Perhaps not. but the follow
ing auction bill, still posted in many
places around Columbia, is an amusing
commentary: "I will sell. at public
auction, to ihe highest bidder, the fol
lowing descrilM.il personal property: 1
white face cow. 1 jersey cow with calf,
1 spotted row. 1 half jersey cow, -J red
calves. 2 1-2 stacks timothy hay, 1 sow
and " pigs, big red sow, 4 shouts. 1 sow
and 4 shoats, 1 bay gelding. 1 gray
mare. 4 bbls. old corn, hay in loft, 1
corn sheller. corn schoops and basket.
1 MiCormiek mowing machine. 1 liar -
row, 1 buggy and harness. 1 cultivator.
:i plows, 1 bunch of tooN. 1 old buggy
- iiarn,..., -j sets plow harness. 1 set
double harness. 1 lot of single and
double trees. 1 farm wagon. 1 hoj -
frame. 00 barrels of corn to be put in
Hoiisehol.l and kitchen turnitlire as,
ii VH. Kiti-hen furniture, parlor fur
niture. Icdrooni lunnture. Iiall enecis,
sitting room furniture, dining room fur -
, ., ,, ,., ,-mlin,r,.. 1 p.,ir wire
' stietcher-. '! calf no7es
Bnng Closer Together.
To tlie Kdlter of the t'nltervlly Missourian:
I Something should be devi-ed to brin
ill., stmli'lll- ami facllllV more closely
.. ... ., , " .. ;. ,i...
together. All the student sis is me
professor in the class loom. The
,.,.,. MiIlllt 1(,.,ig half of the .
i oistrivtors There would be more ill- I
tert-t taken ill the rtor! and ill the
..l..i..l Ct.af !t tlw.i tori. lirnllf-ht into
-.in "n .i.i . ..... ..... n
. . . i . .
.a.i...r r.tlitioti- iiiir-fiii.il interest
... ... . 1 1 j- i
would 1m- nianilt-st anil one would lee!
I , . . . .- i : l . ,.,..-. ...In
ithit In. li.nl some lie beside- a mere .sill
itional one. There is m existing con
... . ... .i i ... .
:.! ,.I Villi 1 111 4(11-11 I till Wl 1IIIIMII .
iditiotis that will g
ichai.ee to meet all the fa cult j. Some
I . ., - , ... . r... -,-... ,,.1; i,,.,.
"II I II -'llll IIIUIIOIII-'. I. "' '
, , . ,. . M ,(t ,,...
to t)(. M.h((0, ,;,-,. h ;, j,,.,,,.,;,.;.,!
to the student just to
and talk to such learned people as some
on the faculty are. It is an education
in it-elf. Thev can tell 111 a lew -en
, . ., , ... Ifl-.lll, .11111 LIMllllM-. (Ill JIIII4 HI-? I ll Oil
tences what it will take you years to. " . . '
, ... ,,., , .. .1. ...,. and pi.blictx- 111 the fierce light that
I. aril for von.seli. 1 hev have alreadj 1 ' -
, , ,lM-ats upon the daily printed page.
1..1. 11 T inirii .11111 i.'iiiiw
Al.it nt tlw.tii Hie not .Here lll.lcbill.
, , . .1 - 1-
ot knowledge as some seem to think.
Thej- unbend and are as int.-rest.il in
things, events and people as the stu
dent himself. What is tin
after all hut an older student
lint student should pull together both
ill illil lint of si'llOol.
lihrarv will lie oie.. every week daj-
from 7:-"i." a. m. to 0:00 p. m.. except
Christmas Da.v and Xew Year's Daj-. !
Inspection Books. provincial is swept out into the cosmo
Another shipment of inspection Uoks politan. !ly this wizardrj, the villager
has come to the library f 10111 the Mac- hares in the councils of Parliament and
millan Company. Three shipments j Ib'ichstag. and foreign thought waves
have Im-cii made this fall from this com- j-'r-k ' nameless distant shores,
pany and one from Stechert .x Com- I r enlightened sympathies thus the
van. j rustic maj become a citien of the
Tt" will be neces-ary to leturn such , "r1,1- U'" ". "' i" measure, en
books as are not s.H early in .Ian- , u'r into "'' republic of letters and list
uarv. All persons wishing to examine i' " - famous sons. He has pass
the' books either for pun-has,. r for lnTl -- la'-ratories. where solidity
recommendation to the library for pur- Ixc-mes crystal-clear and the diseased
chase when funds are available should im Pi-oneil hack into health. He 1ms
do -o iM-fore January 1. !""- '"i,k of 'iarkness. the shm-s of
iswiftness. the witlom of clairvoyance.
Agricultural Papers Merge.
. . ., .. ... . 1
rchase ot the Kansas I-armer
. .. 1 1- 1 '
a bv a corporation publi-h-
,. . 1 . . .- 1 1 1
ing the Farmers" Advocate, of which
Albert T. Reid is president, has ju-t
been announc.il. The puhliiatioiis are
to 1m" merged and will appear un
der the name ot the lx.iiis.is i-armcr.
Thomas A. ISor.n.ui. .slitor of tin
Advocate, will be editorial manager.
1.- t ,... i-..:u ,.r..:.iniif i-.f tin. .Cm
I ,. 1. V lll.llli I'll -I'll 111. ! HI. ......
,. ... , ,.
s.is rarnier 1 iioiisiuiig xoiupanv uim
editor of the Kansas Fanner, will re
main in an editorial capac.tj on the
The Kansas Farmer was established i
in 102 and is -aid to be the olde-t
agricultural new -paper in Kansas.
-. r T. - I !..- 1 I I- 1 F
.Mr. i.em is etutor aim puou-i.er -.
Miss Lmie E. Stearns, a memlter ot
the Wisconsin State Librarj Commis-
sion. advocated a government new spa-
per in an address U-fnre the Racine
Women's Club recently. Richmond P.
Hobson. as representative from Ala
bami. introduced a bill into Congress
at its last ses-ion to that effect. The
bill, however, dfd not ln-come a law.
PRESS GREATEST PULPIT
FOR CHURCH OF MAN
Rabbi Leon Harrison Says Journalism is a Moral
Force, and Editors Greatest Educators
Points Out Modern Faults.
R. LEON HARRISON", rabbi of
Temple Israel in St. Louis, points
out the powers and the duties
of the modern newspaper, and the re
HnsiliIities of its readers, in the fol
lowing signed articles in the Post-Dispatch:
The press itself is the greatest pulpit
for the church of man: the editor
preaches to all the people every day
and everywhere. For the journalist i
alike politician and educator; he is Iioth
the critic and the creator of- public
opinion. His work tells; hi voice is
a trumpet: his message is a un.verl
Aj JPca,ef ; the good fight, the
-t;, . :s . (;.,tling gun. pouring
( , .,,' bullets of the brain,
tjle proacher and the journalist should
jbe ,worn confederates. For in a drop
( f th t Iirjt,.rs' n- ari. embrvonic ser-
Lions, ereed, anil liti-loiii- inllnences.
An(, frtir . children of the mod
em age, we are iiitciis.-h interested in
I tll-s, instrument of concentration that
I , distant e to a mathematical
llfl- SlII1..ri.:i:nlI, ....i,,,,.. ni;lv .w-rbaos
r . i
dismiss this siibjtet with a smile or a
! sigh. Do j on turn with relief to class-
iic.tl literature"1 Literature has immor-
itiilitj. but journalism iibiquitj". Liter
ature has a voice eer-wheie. but jour
nalism has eves eiervwhcre. Litera-
turn tnnli.. -tli..!!" --IWH1-." iniirn.ilisin
. .... ., . .,
changes "there to here.
Epitome of Progiess.
HE future historian will point to'
the ilnily jiress as the mo-t aston
ishing and characteristic feature of our
times. J!,, will describe it its the en
soritim and cerebrum of two heinis-
, P'u re
He will declaie to the com-
iug man that the journal wa
tome of scientific and nnvhanical jiro
gress, arti-tie and literarj. too; in a
word, of civilization. Where el-e tan !
found, struck off bj' a single
feat, a his-
fry. a l.ulletin. a magar.llle
torv, a bulletin, a
...... ,........., j......, .... ................
'" " 1. slampe.l into ijpe aim scat
t.-red into a million hands A sermon
preacluil to a nation: on tin- same page
1 a lilthj -caudal spreads contamination.
, The best and the worst in man. the
t......ii,. .,,,.1 .....11:1... u .;...! .1.. ..;,;...,
America is pre-eminent Ij- the countrj-
.-. . ..
Could Sir William
Kcrkelv of Virginia have foreseen this
daj-! "Thank iod," he said, "we have
1 neither free school nor printing press.
."" hope w-e may not have them lor
a hundred j'ears to come.
Xot so. thought hi
porarj-. John Milton, "flive me Iibertx."
cried Milton, "to know, to utter and to
argue i'reelj according to conscience,
above all other liberties."
Tlie world has moved since the daj's
of Rerkelv and Milton, j-ct has it over
come all lingering doubts as to the un
.mixed blessing of this daily messenger?
We recogni7e primaril.v that the press
.is an educator. The history of the
world is spread out upon our breakfast
table. We travel in our armchair. The
Evil of Some Journals.
nlT such 1-10n is pitiless and se,-s
I 1 more. Is there anv new thing?
1 ,, . , .
Ihe world fries, and the answer is
UT such i-ion is pitiless and
.not unmix.il good. Homes are unroof-
td and linw ailed, vice is photographed,
the sewerage of societj- is turned into
j the public strut. Xews is the demand.
(The scandal, the shameful sin. the vio
lated sanctities of the household are
! remoreIcssj- painted and set liefore the
startled exes of lnn.K-ence and cluld-
, hood. This defiling and straining of the
mind cannot Im repaired. Manj- of our
'public journal an- unfit for admission
1 into our nomes. inev are 10111 ami vne
and come from men as foul and vile as
Is this education or demoralization1'
f. ,. -,... n .; l,.- Jt, mornals
lint whj is not goodness, philanthropy,
'nobleness equally a precious item of
j It is news when a man falls not when
the rises; his crimes till more pages than
his virtues. The moral tribunal of the
press erects rather a pillorj- of ignominj'
than a pe.Ie.tal of fame.
The newspaper has also a moral func-
tion; to exjioe, to castigate on the one
hand; to advocate, to inlluence on the
The price of liliertj' is. imhs-d. eternal
vigilance. Thus, also, do we safeguard
moralitj-. Of individuals and ol t In
state, the press is the watchman.
Who watches at night in our palace-
of trade, in the costly emporiums where
treasures lie near the covetous hand
Who watches in street and avenue A
light stands sentinel. Xo protection is
as certain as the light. Its fiiendlj
gleam means securitj-, exposure: ref
lation means prevention.
Tlie vigilance of the pre-s is this light
that terrifies the malefactor. This is
the brighter side of the terrible power
over men wielded by the organ of pub
licity. Xot second to the policeman's
club is the jx-n that stabs to death out
rageous crimes and wrong-.
Government by Newspaper.
IT IS, hocer, in alfairs ot the com
inonuealth that this power is ii.os.
needed. The sure protection ot de
sjMitism i, silence. Libert . mcorrup
tible lilierty, demands a pre that can
not lie gagged or brilM.il and will not
Men have had government ly ilnmh.
by king, b parliament. They are li.i
ng now, more and more, government
These reprc-cntatives are imuudi
telj, daily re-ponibIe; are in di.c-.-l
contact, with their i-oiistitiii-nc-e-. .mrt
. . . . . . ,
together speak the iiu.nl of the nation.
Thej reflect, we maj -aj, J'et do not
alwaj-s dinx-t. There is a limit to their
power. AImot the whole ImhIj- of Pari
sian journalism had poured out opj.ro
briuni on the unfortunate Dreyfus; j-.-t
Ijmblic opinion shiuh but surelj- re-
vi-tii the judgment of passion lor that
The pre-, on the whole, has risen
above the crudi moralitj of the average
man and proved a moral force. The
abolition of laverj. though bitterh
ctmtested. bj a dividtil press, was per
sistentlj forctil to an is-ue. in sea-011
and out of season, bj men whose jvar
xvere spent, who-e fortune were given,
whose life, in instances, was sacrifictil
to their invincible plea for justice. Tin
vital reforms in factorj labor, child
lalior, were gained, step bv step, alike
by agitation and bj the indoniitable
persistenw of the press that would1
neither halt nor surrender. It is the
last court of justice for the legally help
less. Before these tribunals of the peo
pl" the petitions of the unfortunate
ma.v 1k presented liefore hope is dead.
People Are Editors.
HAT the newspapers will inevi
tably be is what the people are.
The whole people of a citx- are
editing its papers. They are made to
sell to you and me. They indicate and
egister the general average, the stand-
ar OI tne f-1 majority. To this ex-
tent J'011 can mend them bj- mending
yonrseli. Cease to be ignorant and nar-
row and coarse. Cease to delight in
repulsive revelations, and they will not
he furnished. Care more for truths than
for trivial personalities, and the latter
will dwindle. Emerson has remarked
that in the time spent in dawdling over
a new spaper every day a man might ac
quire a liberal education. Secure this
precious possession. 1m it even from a
single master work, and with justor and
nobler standards you may demand and
receive more from the craftsman of
You may then demand, perhaps, that
a statesman maj- receive more space
than a prize tighter, and the death of
a poet more than a gambler's fortunes.
You may then ask that a master's boot
he as fully mention.-.! as a Iw-tting
lawk; and the movements of thought
as the movements of st.xk. You may
exptit a deeper reveren. e. res-i-d for
our in eh- 'chosen ruU-r-. "hat their
high offices may receive di--nitv and au
thority by L-ing reverenced and honor-
.,. .tin, ;, ioiicii 01 awe in the presence
of the -acred things that are profaned
bj- rude familiarity.
To work steadfastly for puritj. un
sullied, unsuspected puritj in politics,
regardless of partj, and for justice,
xen-han.lcd justice. iM-tween the clas.es,
regardless of interests and proprietor
ship: to be a purifier thus and a peace
maker may seem a Utopian function for
our pres.; yet it is only difficult, and
...1 . 1 .. 1 .- .
Penalties of Greatness.
Hercules had MiMued the Eryman
'What are jou going to do with the
tica.t?" they asked him.
'I refuse to answer," he said, ''on the
ground that it might incriminate me."
tor well he knew that anv answer
he could make would le different from
the accounts written by the historians,
and at that portion of his career he was
"sensitive aliout being accused of nature
faking. Chicago Tribune.
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