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University Missourian. (Columbia, Mo.) 1908-1916, November 03, 1912, Image 2

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

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UNIYEHSITT MISSOUBIAJT, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1912.
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UNIVERSITY MISSOURIAN.
An Errata Dally hy the Students In tbe
School of Journalism at tbe University
of MImoutI.
HAKUV l. CiUY
ManueluK Editor.
UiilvrrMty Mlssourlan Association (Inc.)
.1. IIarri-on lirown. president; Koliert 8.
M.iim, Mn-retary; .LiintM !. May. Ward A.
Jkelf. 1'juI J. Tliiiinp-xxi. II. J- M"Kuy. W
V.. Hall. T. S. IIuiInoii, Ivan II. Kpjier.son.
Olliw: lu Virginia JIMr.. Dimn Stairs.
Kuierril at lli 1'ustuUice of Columbia, -Mo.,
a swuml-diinti wall witter.
Two Uoll.irs .i Year liy Carrier or Mall.
Adclrmx all rouimunlcntlons to
L'MVEKSITY MISSOUKIAN.
Coluuilila. Missouri.
EM-CT1.G A I'UESHIENT.
The casting of ballots next Tues
day will be only one of the many
steps taken to choose a President of
the I'nited States. The beginning of
it all is when the national committee
of each party comes together fie or
six months before the time for nom
inating a candidate. This meeting is
usually held in December. The com
mittee decides on the time and place
for holding the national convention
for its party and issues a call for
the election of delegates.
In both the Democratic and Re
publican parties, each state and ter
ritory is allowed, in the national con
vention, two delegates for each con
gressman the state has. Sometimes
the Democratic delegates are se
lected at the state convention and
at other times by the combined work
of state and district coin en t ions.
The four Republican delegates at
large in each state are selected at the
state conventions and the others at
the congressional district comen
tions. The chairman of the national com
mittee presides at the national con
vention the first day until the tem
porary officers are elected. The im
portant committees are chosen and
go to work. The second day of the
convention, the permanent organiza
tion is usually made, the platform is
adopted and the new national com
mittee chosen. The nominations of
candidates for president are generally
made the third day. When the vote
is taken on the nominees the chair
man of each state delegation gives
the vote of the delegates, as the roll
is called. Each state has one vote in
the Democratic convention and It
takes a two-thirds majority to get the
nomination. The Vice-President is
chosen in the same way. Some time
after the convention, a committee
visits the candidates and notifies them
formally of their nomination.
The campaign of speeches and
"literature" follows. This is directed
by the national committee, the chair
man of which is chosen by the presi
dential nominee. He and the treas
urer are usually chosen from outside
the national committee.
At the national election on the first
Tuesday after the first Monday in
November, the voters do not really
vote for these nominees for President
and Vice-President who were selected
at the conventions. They vote for
electors who, according to the con
stitution, elect the President.
simple majority of all the senators
will elect.
The new President is inaugurated
on the following March 4.
Usually everyone knows who Is
elected the day following the Xovem-
Bell with 2307 at $3.00 and $1.75.
Nearly all business houses have both
'phones at a cost of $5.00 a month.
Residences having both pay $3.25 per
month.
This is quite a different picture
from the one presented in the com
ber election. Few eer know when parisons presented,
the electors meet. These electors But the Columbia Telephone Corn
meet and carry out the letter of the'"an' has never suggested it would
furnish service at rates of other
United States constitution. Political
plants for the very good reason that
parties lune urougiu auout tnisin niost cases those ratcg wi not
change in the importance of the clec-, yield a fair profit, and in many cases
tors which the fathers of the consti- J'icld no profit at all. Furthermore,
tution neter planned. Each party Columbia has a better plant and bet-
, .,...,. .. , ,. 1 1 ier service, man any plant mentionea
Vinci its lie -F nlnitnyc rn tlin ItiII-t I
Il3 1L0 ll3l. Ul LH.HUIJ Ull 111V UUIIUL
... .. r.. . i . . "Of any
at the election. The party which gets
the plurality in each state gets to use
all of its electors. These electors are
usually prominent politicians. They
hae never been known to do any
thing but ote for the nominee of
their party. So everyone knows how
these electors will vote when they are
put on the ticket. That is why we
shall expect to know Wednesday
whether it is Taft, Wilson or Roose-
elt.
HUDSON'S REPLY
President of Telephone Com
pany says the rates here
are not excessive His
answer to charges made
by city councilmen.
To the People of Columbia:
Very much to our surprise, without
een a suggestion that the Council,
or any member of the Council, felt
that the people of Columbia were be
ing oercharged for telephone ser
vice, we found in the daily press of
the city on the lGth of October the
following:
"Councilman Garth last night in
troduced the following resolution at
the meeting of the city council re
garding the charge for telephones, a
charge for installation, etc.
I. That charge for installing tele
phones in Columbia cease immedi
ately. II. That for the use of streets and
alleys the city of Columbia be fur
nished all telephones used by the city
free.
III. That the Columbia Telephone
Company at the next regular meeting
of the Council show cause for charg
ing higher rates than any city the
size of Columbia in Missouri."
Each state has as many presiden
tial electors on the ticket at the gen
eral election as it has representatives
in Congress. The electors of the po
litical parties are usually nominated
to their places on the ballot, at the
state conventions. The party that
has a plurality of the popular vote at
the general election gets to cast all
the electoral votes which the state is
entitled to.
The second Monday in January, the
electors of each state meet at the
state capitol and cast their votes for
President and Vice-President "one of
whom at least shall not be an inhab
itant of the same state with them
selves." Each state sends the list of the
votes of the electors to the President
of the United States Senate. Both
houses of Congress meet together the
second Wednesday in February, two
tellers are chosen from each house
and the votes of the electors are
counted. The person having a ma
jority of the votes of all the electors
is President.
In case there should be a tie in
these electoral votes, the House of
Representatives would then choose
from the three highest on the list.
Each state has one vote. In case of
a tie vote for Vice-President, the Sen
ate chooses from the two highest A
The Columbia Telephone Company
has never felt any desire to evade
public superision. As a matter of
fact several years ago the manager
suggested to the then Mayor and one
or two Councilmen the advisability of
taking steps to examine into tele
phone rates. We have for six or eight
years earnestly advocated commis
sion supervision of all public utilities.
and it will now afford us pleasure
to have the Council make a thorough
investigation of the telephone situa
tion in Columbia. To this end we
have filed with the City Clerk a pro
position to the Mayor and Council,
which is published in the newspaper?
of this city.
Referring to comparisons of rates
made, we call attention to the fact
that at Webb City, where the "rate"
is claimed to be $2.00 and $1.50.
there are two plants, the Home and
the Bell. The Home rates are the
same as Columbia, $3.00 and $2.00,
the Bell $2.00 and $1.50, so that at
Webb City the business people having
both 'phones really pay $5.00 for
sen ice, $3.00 to the Home and $2.00
to the Bell, and residences haing
both 'phones pay $2.00 for the Home
and $1.50 for the Bell, a total of $3.50
for residence service.
At Joplin, where the rates are given
as $2.50 and $2.00 similar conditions
exist, so that practically all business
houses have both 'phones at a cost
of $5.50. the Home $3.00 and the Bell
$2.50. Residences having both 'phones
pay $3.50 per month.
At Scdalia, where the rates are
given as $2.00 and $1.75, there are
two systems the Home with 1272 tel
ephones at $2.00 and $1.50 and the;
size, and is not to be com-
, pared with but very few. We do not
believe the people of Columbia want
telephone service or anything else at
less than a fair price.
As to telephone rates, it is a fact
that more money has been lost in this
territory, including this part of Mis
souri and Eastern Kansas, than a
half dozen ordinary plants are worth.
In the Webb City district, referred
to in comparisons made, the Bell
Company lost $35 000 last year, and
yet people there were paying for two
telephones. $5.00 to $5.50 for business,
and residences $3.50.
Fortunately for the people of that
district arrangements have been per
fected within the past ten days to
consolidate all these plants. The
rates will of course be raised to some
extent so as to yield a profit, but the
total cost to the community will be
mu-h less, and they will not have
the annoyance of two telephones.
In the district West of this, includ
ing Sedalia. Marshall, Carrollton and
some other points the Bell people lost
$7000.00 last year. In Scdalia there
are two plants, so that people must
support two telephones, business
houses paying $5.00, and residences
having both paying $3.25. The Home
of Scdalia never earned a dividend.
It was finally, after a precarious ex
istence, taken over by the Kinloch of
St. Louis to protect its extensive toll
lines centering there.
Boonville has two systems. About
12 years ago. Col. John Elliott and
some of his neighbors concluded the
telephone game was good, so they or
ganized and built a plant. Read what
Col. Elliott says about his experience,
and he was fortunate as compared
with others.
"Jno. S. Elliott,
Boonville, Mo. Oct. 30, 1912.
Mr. J. A. Hudson,
Columbia. Mo.
Dear bir: Replying to yours about
the Telephone Company will say that
a party of citizens here organized the
Boonville Telephone Company in 1899
with a capital stock of $8,000, which
was soon found to be too small to
build the exchange, so we operated It
as best we could building and putting
in more money from time to time un
til we got forty thousand dollars in
it. We operated the plant for ten
years and then sold it to the present
owner, Mr. L. F. Coulter, at less than
eighty cents on the dollar. We found
the prevailing prices for service was
entirely too low to maintain the plant
and increase its caapcity.
Yours truly,
(Signed) Jno. E. Elliott."
Col. Elliott might have said further
that the plant was sold by turning it
over to Mr. Coulter, Col. Elliott and
his associates taking bonds for their
entire claim, the purchaser assuming
the debts. Mr. Coulter has added to
the plant until he now has an in
estment of $C5,000, has CSC tele
phones at $2.50 and $1.50, the Bell has
2C2, so that Boonville is paying for
two telephones.
In the meantime Mr. Coulter is
paying no dividend and is trying to
sell.
But this is not all. The Missouri
and Kansas Telephone Company, cov
ering Western Missouri and Eastern
Kansas, with an exchange at Kansas
City paying $5.00 for business and
$3.00 for residence service, has lost
money constantly for years, the loss
reaching as high as $382,000 in a
single year, and of course has paid
no dividends in all these years.
At St. Joseph, where there are two
good plants, one of these plants lost
Short Course
Students
every book you
University work,
is at the University Co-Operative
Store.
All the books,
need in your
This is the store the students of the
University own and manage for their
own benefit. You are a student of
the University. Benefit by buying
at your own store. It gives you 5
per cent on your purchases, or you
can turn your purchase slips in and
every cent of profits will go to you
in proportion to your .purchases.
CO-OP
The store is in Academic Hall, the
main building of the University.
support two systems, business houses
paying $9.00, and residences $4.50.
Arrangements have been made to
consolidate these systems as soon as
details can be worked out, so that
the people will be relieved of an un
necessary burden.
But this is not all. At Hannibal
about 10 or 12 years ago a number of
citizens organized a company, put up
$100,000 in cash and built a compet
ing plant. Though building was
much cheaper then than now, the
company soon ran out of money and
had to borrow $24,000. A dividend of
G'i was paid the first year. No divi
dends were paid after that. All earn
ings were put back into the plant.
The plant was up-to-date, and the
company received a good share of the
business on a rate of $2.50 and $1.50.
After ten years of hard work the
company sold the plant, realizing
about 40 cents on the dollar for the
stock for the original $100,000 in
vested, taking a net loss of about
$CO,000, together with 6 years inter
est on the investment.
The following from Mr. J. P. Hin
ton, dated Hannibal, Mo., Oct. 30,
1912, gives some idea of the real con
dition of the telephone business dur
ing the past ten years. Mr. Hinton is
cashier of the Hannibal National
Bank, and is known by a good many
Columbians. Mr. Hinton says:
"Hannibal has gone through two
periods of double telephone service,
neither of which were at all satisfac
tory to our people. It matters little
what the service may be. about every
$52,000 last year. The rates at St. , so often a feeling of unrest takes pos
Joseph are $5.00 of business and $2.50 session of the people and they want
for residences, and $4.00 and $2.00, 'to make changes. Hannibal has just
so that people of St. Joseph had to passed through a crisis with its mu
nicipally owned electric light plant in
which the usefulness of the plant was
seriously jeopardized. The only
fault the objectors found was that
the plant was making too much
money for the city although it was
selling its current to electric users at
a lower price than any town in the
Mississippi Valley. For ten years I
was a stockholder and director and
treasurer of the Bluff City Telephone
Co., a corporation owned almost en
tirely by our local people. We put
$100,000 in cash into the enterprise
at the start in order to give the citi
zens better telephone service and
although the citizens stood by us
nobly paying us $2.50 for business
phones and $1.50 for residence
phones while the Bell was charging
$2.00 and $1.00 for the same service,
yet, by the most careful management,
we were utterly unable to make any
money and at the end of ten years
without having paid any dividends.
or any salaries except to a superin
tendent and the working force, we
found ourselves with a deteriorating
plant and not a dollar of surplus in
the treasury, so that we gave up the
fight and sold our stock at 40c on
the dollar. The telephone business is
a peculiar business and should not
be attempted by any one not familiar
with that line or work or without un
limited resources. Of course, there
were many unlooked for and un
thought of expenses that popped up
but perhaps the most serious expense
that we had to contend with was the
changing of telephones from place to
place. Had we adopted a policy at
the beginning of charging the cost of
removal to the subscriber, would no
(Continued to Page 3)
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