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TJHIY11SITT KUSOUMAIT. SUXDAtNOTEMBEB 17, 1913.
A. tmlir Dl7 7 t BUdcBta i tkt
SekMl of Jcmtlfsm at tkt Unlrcrslty
HARBY D. GUY - Mnlo Editor.
Unlrerslty MlMonrlmn Assoclstlon (Inc.)
J. Harrison Brown, president; Robert S.
Mann, secretary ; James O. May. Ward A.
Neff. Paul J. Thompson, H. J. McKay, w.
E Hall. T. S. Hudson, Iran H. Epperson.
Office: In Virginia Bid.. Down Stairs.
Entered at the Postofflce of Columbia. Mo.,
as aecoad-class mall matter.
Two Dollars a Year by Carrier or Mall.
Address all communications to
FINDING THE TELEPHONE RATE.
The City Council will take up the
telephone question again at its meet
ing Tuesday night. Are the rates of
the Columbia Telephone Company too
high? The answer is what the coun
cil is seeking.
J. A. Hudson, president of the com
pany, has shown his willingness to
have a fair settlement of the question,
lie proposes that the council select
a competent engineer to work with
one whom Mr. Hudson himself will
choose. These two men will make a
careful inventory of all the equip
ment of the telephone plant In the
town. They will determine how much
money is invested in the telephone
system, taking as a basis the cost of
replacing the plant as it is today. The
company and the council each will
pay its own engineer for his services
and his expenses. The plan is that
a third expert be called in to help
Cf-cide any question upon which the
two engineers might disagree. The
expense of this man would be di
Records have been kept of the val
uation put upon the equipment and
property of telephone companies in
St Louis and other cities. Mr. Hud-
soii points out that these records
would give information to those try
ing to place a value on the Columbia
plant. There are also the decisions
of various courts and commissions
throughout the country which have to
do with similar valuations. These
would be placed in the hands of the
Decisions have also been made on
the correct method of estimating the
amount of depreciation of a telephone
system. These are considered as
standards in investigating work of
this kind. These would be accessible
to the engineers who would look into
the situation here.
Mr. Hudson says that the books,
records and vouchers of the telephone
company are open at any time to an
investigating committee. Account
ants could go over these and find out
exactly what the expenses of the com
pany are. The net earnings would
The plan of the telephone company
provides for a fair, expert estimation
of the amount the company has in
vested; the amount that should be
put annually into a sinking fund to
cover depreciation and the exact net
receipts of the enterprise. The engi
neers would have all the facts that
are necessary for finding the per cent
the stockholders make on their in
vestment. That is surely the first
thing to be ascertained in the case.
Until this is found out there Is surely
little of Importance that can be said
about high telephone rates in Colum
bia. From Other Colleges
Purdue University is organizing a
The State University of Iowa is
asking the legislature for an appro
priation of $162,000.
The grand total enrollment at the
University of Michigan was 5,620 on
November 1. This is an increase of
168 over the figures for last year.
The November issue of the Purdue
Agriculturist is being distributed.
Last year this publication was rated
as the best paper of its kind In the
United States, and it has been im
proved and enlarged this year.
The "conference program system"
has been recommended by Dean Kep
pel for adoption at Columbia Univer
sity. This scheme, like the honors
courses at the University of Missouri,
rermlts the students to work in their
own way. They are required to read
a paper twice a year before the whole
class and all the instructors.
WHEN A GARRISON HELD COLUMBIA
Confederates,. Federals and Guerrillas in Turn
Brought Home to Boone County
the Meaning of War.
The visitor to Columbia on a cer
tain day in April fifty-one years ago
must have noticed the unusual quiet
which pervaded the city. Although
it was the busy season of the year
business seemed to have been forgot
ten for the time, and a murmur of
suppressed excitement wont up from
the little groups of citizens gathered
on the streets or in the shops. All
seemaJ to be engaged in an earnest
t'isciission of some question of grave
The reason was this : The papers
which had come to Columbia that
morning had made the startling a
nouncement that Fort Sumpter had
been fired upon. The rebellion had
actually begun. Grave as the situa
tion might have seemed to them at
the time, yet none realized its full
import. They could not know that
the first cannon which boomed at
Fort Sumpter had launched a war,
one of the most terrible in human
annals. The war cloud had been
gathering for years, but there had
always been hope that actual blood
sued might be avoided through com
promise ; now compromise was no
State Between Two Fires.
lis the war which followed, Mis
souri, as one of the border states, be
came a sort of battle ground for the
two contending forces. Even as Mis
souri was the center of the nation
geographically, so Boone County oc
cupied a central position in the state,
and as such was a field over which
swept the furies of the war. Its
nearness to the state capital and to
the Missouri River put it on the main
highway between the North and the
Before the war Columbia had come
to be recognized as the center for
learning in the state, while the coun
try around it had developed into anj
important agricultural region
four years of warfare however, not j
only impoverished its citizens but laid j
waste much of the surrounding coun-
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were fought on Boone County soil.
the county contributed her part toward'
filling the ranks of both the great
armies elsewhere, and at home was
scourged by a fierce and bloody guer
rilla warfare. At the opening of the
war many of the Boone County citi
zens were slave owners and conse
quently Southern sympathizers, but
the anti-slavery sentiment was also
strong and this brought about an un
usually bitter party hatred. Partly
because of this division in opinion and
partly because of its central location
the county became the prey of roving
bands of bushwhackers who recog
nized no authority, but who plunder
ed, robbed and murdered with im
punity. The first body of regular troops to
enter the county, was the Federal
forces under Blair and Lyon, who in
May, 1861, came up the river from
Jefferson City, moved across the
southern part of the county, crossed
the river again at Rocheport, and oc
cupied Boonville. This was also the
first battle in the state.
Tents on the Campus.
In September six or seven hundred
infantry and one hundred cavalry un
der command of Colonel W. H. Worth
ington marched unheralded into Col
umbia from Jefferson City and pitch
ed their tents on the University cam
pus. Later in the day they occupied
the University building itself and at
the request of citizens gave a dress
parade on Broadway in the evening.
The next day they left as quietly as
they had come.
About a month later a body of Con
federate cavalry unaer command of
Colonel Sweeney of Renick marched
through Columbia and encamped at
the fair grounds north of town.
During the evening of Sweeney's
visit an incident occurred which
shows the spirit of the times. While
a crowd of Columbia citizens was
standing in front of the Columbia
Statesman office, some of them in con-
vMer slvt a child amd ;
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versation with Colonel Sweeney, an
attempt was made by a stranger to
assassinate Colonel Wm. F. Swltzler,
editor of the Statesman and a Union
man. The assailant was prevented
from firing by a recruiting officer who
had followed him.
One of the prominent events in the
military history of Columbia was the
advent into the town January 2, 1861,
of a portion of the Missouri Volun
teers later known as "Merrill's
Horse." They pitched their tents on
the campus, established a military
prison and garrisoned the town until
July. During the stay of the force
in Columbia many citizens were ar
rested, a few of them tried by court
martial and others banished from the
state for bridge burning, recruiting
within the Federal lines and viola
tions of parole. Several hundred
others were required to give bond
and take the test oath.
Guitar Recruited Cavalry.
Early in January, 18G2. Odon Gui
tar, then a lawyer of Columbia, was
authorized to recruit a cavalry regi
ment, and on February 17, Colonel
Guitar arrived in Columbia with two
companies of his regiment and united
The following month a military
commission convened at Columbia
and tried Edmund J. Ellis, editor of
the Columbia Standard, on a charge
of giving information through his ya
;;tr for the benefit of the enemy' ai d
encouraging lesistance to tne unitec
States. He was found guilty and
sentenced to exile from the state.
The nearest approach to a battle
within the city limits of Columbia was
in August, 1862, when two hundred
guerrillas, under Captain Young
Purcell of Audrain and Lieutenant
John Brown of Boone, dashed into
Columbia and took the Federal troops
l' surprise. The guerrillas picketed
jail the principal streets leading out
of town, allowing no one to pass in .
or out. They then proceeded to the,
jril and released three Confederate
While this was going on
another squad of them became intoK-
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t Fortunately Colonel Switzler, the ed-
itor of the paper, was out of town at
the time. The guerrillas, however,
decided to demolish the office and
proceeded to do so but finally were
dissuaded from their intention by
Confederate citizens of Columbia. All
this time the pickets and the Federal
troops kept up a constant firing from
behind houses and fences but no one
was seriously injured. The main ob
ject of the guerrillas seemed to be to
release the prisoners and they left
town soon after this was accom
plished. From this time on Columbia was
virtually governed by the Federal sol
diers. An illustration of this occurred
on the Fourth of July, 1863, when two
ladies living near Columbia- were ar-
rested by order of Captain H. My
Cook, commander of the military pojt,
for getting off the sidewalk into the
gutter to avoid passing a Union flag.
The Exodus of Slaves.
The existence of a Civil War prac
tically abolished slavery long before
President Lincoln issued his Emanci
pation Proclamation, for the legal
ties which bound the slave to the mas
ter became very weak and uncertain.
Therefore, as early as the summer of
1863 the negro exodus began and
slaves abandoned their masters with
impunity. Later in the same year
Columbia was made a post for the
enlistment of negro volunteers and
many of the runaway slaves Joined
On September 27, 1864, a band of
more than two hundred outlaws un
der the notorious guerrilla chief, Bill
Anderson, made a dash upon Centra
lia. They cleaned out the town thor
oughly. They sacked the stores and
the depot, carrying away everything
of use and burning the remainder.
While they were plundering the
freight room of the depot they came
across a case of boots, which "they
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immediately appropriated. There was
also a barrel of whisky. The news
spread rapidly and soon all the guer
rillas and Anderson himself had
sampled the liquor. Then the ques
tion arose as to how the rest could be
conveyed to the camp. The new boots
filled the occasion by serving as dem
ijohns. The guerrillas were not to be sat
isfied with plundering the town, how
ever, and the later acts of Anderson
and his men form one of the darkest
pages In the history of the Civil War
in Missouri. When the train arrived
from St Louis they robbed the pas
sengers of their money and jewelry.
Twenty-three Federal soldiers on
the train. These surrendered, but
were taken to the edge of town and
shot, while begging for their lives.
This was the historical "Centralia
A Fight with Anderson's Men.
Later in the same day the guerril
las were attacked by Major Johnson
who was in the neighborhood with
150 militia. Anderson's followers
dashed with tremendous ferocity upon
Johnson's force, sixty-eight members
of which were killed at the first fire,
so accurate was the marksmanship of
the guerrillas. Johnson's men fled in
every direction, but were overtaken
and twenty-three of them killed.
Deeds of violence were now of fre
quent occurrence throughout the
county. By the middle of the year
1864 the county was overrun by
bodies of bushwhackers and horse
thieves wandering in bands and rob
bing and killing anyone who came in
their way. No man's life was safe
beyond his own doorstep. One day
the news came to Columbia that a
farmer named Cave had been taken
out of his house and shot ; a little
farther on the same gang had shot
I down a sixteen-year old boy. One
night the Centralia stage was stopped
rear Hallsville and James Palmer, a
"oung man of Sedar township, was
removed. He was dressed as a civil
ian, but acknowledged that he had
been in the service. He was marched
off the road leading west from Halls
vill and hanged. Many Columbia
citizens had narrow escapes from
Rollins' Close Call.
A Columbia citizen who went
through some exciting experiences
during this period was James S. Rol
lins. Mr. Rollins was a Union man
and a member of Congress from this
district. Perhaps the closest call hej
had was on the fateful day of the '
Centralia massacre. Mr. Rollins was '
i in the Centralia stage that day on his
j way to -Mexico. As soon as the stage
' camqt within sight of Centralia eight
I or tctn guerrillas dashed up on their
I horseh and proceeded to interview the
passe agcrs. Any Federal
in hefre ? " they
was She reply.
demanded. " None,"
"Well, get out, all
Tjte stage had for passengers be
sidt Mr. Rollins, James H. Waugh,
sheriff of Boone County, and five oth
er men. Nearly all of them were on
th'ir way to the Democratic congres
s'jSnal convention at Mexico berore
-fhich Major Rollins and General
fdon Guitar were understood to be
The passengers were questioned.
inspected and robbed in less time than
it takes to write it. "What is your
name?" was asked of each passenger.
"My name is Smith," said Sheriff
Waugh. "My name Is Johnson. I am
a minister of the Methodist church,"
said Rollins, " and I live a few miles
south of Columbia." "That's all
right ; hand out your pocketbooks all
of you," demanded the robbers. Two
or three had Major Rollins in custo
dy plying him with questions which
he skillfully answered. There were
Union and Southern men in the stage
that day but all were insulted and
robbed alike at the point of the pis
tol. After plundering the stage, prepar
ations were made for searching the
passengers thoroughly. Had Sheriff
Waugh and Major Rollins been iden
tified, they probably would have been
murdered unless held as hostages or
for ransom. But just at this time the
passenger train from St. Louis came
in sight and the guerrillas hurried
over to the depot to loot the train.
Before Anderson departed, how
ever, he seems to have discovered that
of the Species is More Deadly
Sheriff Waugh was the man who
called himself Smith. He rode down
in front of Snead's Hotel. "Is Mr.
Smith in the house," he asked. " Let
him come out. I have just found a
check for $10,000 payable to him, and
if he will come out I will give it to
him." But Mr. "Smith" had lost no
check and besides he had a suspicion
that the guerrilla only wanted to get
him within revolver range.
Early in June 1865, after the war
was over, the last of the Confederate
troops in Boone County surrendered
to Captain H. N. Cook at the fair
grounds. The Federal troops evacu
ated Columbia August 1, 1865. Except
for a few periods of a few days each
the town had been garrisoned by the
Federal troops continuously since
December 31, 1861.
I. H. E.
Echoes of Yesterday. ThefpceJl lhe Te
J as for the nameless
Fire Years Ago. makes23 cents It is
The ever-popular controversy about Pf UP ,n 'lnit4e dDlfi-
the grammatical and rhetorical pro- ed boes- A,nd -vou
priety of "you-all" was going the ca P envelPes
rounds of Missouri newspapers. match-a PackaEe, lo
A religious revival over the tele- cents; 3 packages, 25.
phone was conducted at Bunceton. cents.
The service was held by three evan
gelists in the central office, connec
tion being made with phones In the
town and with the exchanges of C0JD
Speed and Prairie Home. Over a
thousand people heard the service in
Ten Years Ago. -
The St. Louis Chronicle noted the fSSSSSSSStSB
fact that Columbia had recently ac- -
quired a "Hi-Lo" weather whistle. It
was placed over the Herald building. vniTDiBTrn
and every morning at 10 o clock it JEWELRY
was to tell everyone within seven . wws
miles what kind of a day it was to NEED REpAIRS
bring them to Hennmger's where
they will be repaired by experts
Thirty Years Ago. and returned' to you in perfect
A large number of Confederate condition,
bonds issued in South Carolina were PRICES REASONABLE,
sold at auction. The bidding went WORK GUARANTEED,
from ten to twelve dollars a thousand. We will reg- r enninvfr'x
Six thousand dollars in bank bills ulateyour j s3 Broadway
were sold at ten dollars for the lot.
Only a half cent a
afday minimum 15
HOARD AND ROOM
Single meals served at Pemberton
' Hall. Breakfast 25c; 7:30 to 8:15.
Lunch 25c; 1 to 1:30. Dinner 35c;
C to 6:30. (Sundays 1 to 1:30). Flat
rate, board, $4 per week.
BOARD and Room for $4.50 a week.
104 Dorsey. Mrs. Little. d24
MEALS First class meals for $3.50
a week; one week's trial will convince
you. 507 Hitt Mrs. G. A. Keene. d26
LOST Dark -ed sweater. Finder
please call Green 231. Reward. d6.
LOST High School pin.
H. H. S. '09 Black and Gold.
6th or phone 974 Green.
TO RENT HOUSES
FOR RENT Two large rooms, bay
windows, newly papered, new furn
ace and all modern conveniences.
Price $8.50 and $10.50, 606 S. 5th. d6t
TO RENT Two rooms for young
ladies. 701 Hitt St Phone 816 Black.
WANTED TO RENT, furnished. 5
to 8 room cottage; by responsible
persons. Address II, care Missourian.
FOR RENT Nine-room modern
house, corner of Stewart Road and
Westwood avenue, for $30 per month.
Inquire at 110 N. 8th St, or phone
386 Green, or 394 Red. W. E. Farley.
Room for rent One large front
Than the Male
pound Writing paper
with any other make.
Reach your own con
clusion. It is linen
fabric. Each book
contains 3 1-2 quires
I room $4.
44S White. 505 Coniey. tf
WANTED Boarders by the day,
week or meal. COO South 9th. tf.
FOUND Silver mounted fountain
pen in Academic Hall. November 15.
Owner can have same by calling 825
black and paying for this ad.
Ear piano player will furnish music
for dances and parties. Sanford Estes,
phone 540 Green. (d6t)
WANTED Sewing at home or by
the day. Prices reasonable. Miss
Katy Bassett, 1006 Rogers. Phone
846 Red. (dSt)
FOR SALE Pure bred fox terrier
pups from champion prize winning
ancestry. Arthur Rhys, East Hudson
MRS. BELLE GOODRICH, sugges
tive therapeutic healer. Consultation
and examination free. 11 Price Ate.
DANCING Lessons given privately.
505 Coniey. 448 White. d24
WANTED Position as housekeeper
by educated woman, with 8-year oM
daughter, in bachelor or widower"!
home. Wants good home and daugh
ter's education. No salary. Address
X 605 Elm. (d6t)
Save half the price on typewriters.
See L. H. Rice. Easy terms. Phone
742 Green. (d6t)
Phone 55 for Missourian Want Ad