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COLUMBIA, MISSOURI, THURSDAY, JANUARY 16, 191?
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SAYS TRUSTS HALT
V. L. Houser, Politician and
Stockman, Blames Com
bines for Conditions.
A TALK ON CHOLERA
W. B. Niles Says Hog Disease
Can Be Eradicated by
The soil is the source of all wealth
and the farmer, being sa vitally con
nected with the production of goods,
should share equally with the rest
of his fellows in the happiness and
comforts of life. With this state
ment W. L. Houser of Wisconsin be
gan his speech In the University Audi
torium last night
Mr. Houser Is widely known as a
newspaper man and as a figure in
national politics, having been the cam
paign manager of LaFollettc In his
recent race for nomination as presi-
ient of the United States. He is a
He was Introduced by T. C. Wilson,
secretary of the State Doard of Agri
culture, as the man who had raised
the greatest - living draft mare. He
was on the program to speak on
"The Bettter Side of Farming," but
said there were others matters which
appeared to him more important.
Mr. Houscr's speech was an attack
on the present conditions in society
which force the farmer into a hard
and unsatisfactory way of living, al
lowing him practically none of the
luxuries of life nor opportunity for
"The great evil today is the trust
sjstcm," he said. "Chief among the
trusts from the standpoint of the evil
do is the steel trust" Mr.
ouser used the example of steel rails
illustrate his point
The Trust us an Example
"Until a few years ago there were
many steel companies doing business
on the competitive system. Prices
were nearer a just mark than they
are today. Now there is one great
combination of these concerns de
manding and getting what prices it
asks. On account of a perhaps once
effective but now worse than useless
tariff which surrounds this country,
preventing foreign competition, this
steel trust sells its rails in Tn gland
Germany and Japan for about half
what it gets in this country.
"In whatever line you mention,
there is a monoply governing the
prices of commodities and keping
down the prices of raw products, so
that the farmer is being shoved to
the wall to exist as best he can.
"Fifty years ago this condition was
not as dangerous as It is today. Now
iuroblcm confronts us. You farm
erVmust get together and make a
change. You have the right and the
"Every man should receive a Ju3t
share of the apportionment of the
world's gopds. There should be a fair
wage for all. There is no need for
long hours either in the shop or on
the farm. Men are about alike in the
fundamental Instincts. They all want
pleasures. They all enjoy luxuries
and comforts. All need relaxation
and leisure and all should have it
Wants Belter LItIhr Conditions.
"The farmer as .well as any other
Individual should have means for the
development of his faculties. Money
is not the main thing. My philosophy
tells me that the compensation comes
in the realization of achievement and
the knowledge that you have really
done something worth while.
"I want the heavy burdens lifted
from the 'shoulders of the farmer's
want her to be able to en-
thlngs other women do. I
want her to dress as she would.
Whether her skirts are hobbled or
hooped, makes no difference to me
If It pleases h'cr. I want her to have
opportunities for culture and educa
tion and to be able to educate her
children without slaving to do so.
"As to the better side of farm life,
you all know about that How often
have you walked out Into the field
to greet your favorite calf? You have
noticed how it seemed lo say, 'I'll not
betray you," while at the same time
you were not so sure about your fel
low man." '
Hop Cholera Dlscass.
The next speaker was W. B. Niles
of the United States Government Ag
ricultural Experiment Station at
Ames. la. He snoke on hog cholera.
thci'tare of the disease, its causeJ
PREDICTS UNSETTLED WEATHER
Probably Bala Tonight and Tomor
row is the Forecast.
Unsettled weather, probably rain
tonight and tomorrow, Is the official
weather forecast The present warm
weather will continue. Today's tem
7 a. m 52 11 a. m 58
8 a. m 53 11 (noon) 60
9 a. m 55 lp.m. 60
10 a. m. 56 2 p. m 59
and treatment Tho subject of his
talk was "The Swine Plague."
"The cholera first appeared in this
country in the early '70's," said Doc
tor Niles. "Formerly it was thought
that the disease was caused by the
hog cholera bacillus. It was later
pointed out that the disease is a filter
able virus in the hog's blood. The
idea somewhat prevalent among farm
ers that feeding hogs new corn gives
them cholera, or allowing them to run
loose prevents it is wrong. They will
not take the disease unless they have
this virus in their blood. It is trans
mitted from one hog to another, be
ing highly contagious.
"The first hog cholera serum was
made at the experiment station at
Ames in 1903. This was made by the
inoculation of a horse with the viru
lent blood of a diseased hog. The se
rum was not effective. Later serum
was made by inoculating an immune
hog. This is the kind used now. ;t
has proved fairly successful as a pre
ventive but was never intended as a
"There are two ways of administer
ing the serum. A hog in good health
given a dose of the fluid will be im
mune temporarily. But, however, in
oculating the hog with a small amount
of virulent blood at the same time the
serum is Injected. The animal will
be permanently immune. This is
known as the simultaneous method.
"The fact that the early symptoms
of the disease are not positive marks
of identification makes it doubly hard
to cope with. When the disease is
prevalent in a community, it is well
to take the temperature of the hogs
and those whose temperatures are
above 103i& degrees should be vacci
nated. The average temperature of
the healthy hog is between 102 and
Serum Not so Successful.
"It is a fact that the serum has
not seemed to have been so successful
this year as formerly. 1 attribute this
largely to the fact that much of it is
now procured from commercial plants
which do not In some cases manufac
ture a serum of sufficiently high po
tency. Again they generally recom
mend smaller doses than are neces
sary in order to prevent the farmers
from not buying at all. Each State
now has its serum plant, and while
the commercial plants may have a
reason for dot selling the best serum,
the State plants have not
"By going at the question scienti
fically and inoculating the hogs in
the spring when the disease is not ex
tensively prevalent, it can be eradi
Prof. R. M. Washburn of the Uni
verslty of Minnesota and former
State Dairy and Food Commissioner
of Missouri talked on "The Study of
Agriculture." He said that this study
is so extensive that It has now be
come almost a fad. In all the schools,
from the grammar school up to the
University, there are courses In vari
ouse phases of agriculture taught, he
Professor Washburn's lecture was
illustrated with stereopticon views
showing different features of the pre
sent day study of agriculture.
WOULD IMPROVE RURAL LIFE
Teachers Discuss Social Seeds of
"Inefficiency in serving social needs
is the great defect of the rural
school," Prof. R. H. Emberson 'said
In the opening talk of the Rural Life
Conference yesterday afternoon. The
meeting was devoted to the discussion
of rural schools. Professor Emberson
believes that the .social needs of the
country can best be met by giving
the children proper instruction In the
What these needs are were told In
part by Mrs. Mabel Miller of Osceola.
"The farm wife needs to conserve the
garden truck by canning. The un
used surplus grown in the summer
can thus be served in winter. In
stead the farmer sells his edibles at
a low price and buys at a high price
things grown in distant communities,
By conserving the home-grown pro
ducts the high cost of living can oa
reduced. By arranging the home with
modern conveniences, such as watjr
piping, the drudgery of country house
keeping can be eliminated."
Mrs. Sue Stone Smith of Weston, a
former student of the University, de
clared that a farm wfae may have
all the conveniences of the city house
keeper. This can be brought
about by better cooperation between
the members of the family. But the
country communities need leaders.
Miss Tillie McHarg of Columbia em
phasized the possibility of meeting the
social needs of the community through
educating the school children. But
the rural schools need money to get
G." W. Reavis of Jefferson City gave
statistics showing that the rate of
taxation for the rural schools is only
half that for city - He advo
cated a larger tax and consolidation
of the rural schools Into larger dis
"The patrons of the schools often
fall to cooperate because the schools
do not give them a reason for cooper
ating," was the opinion expressed by
W. F. Hupe of Montgomery City. "In
struct the child and he will influ
ence the parent. Parents often de
ter progress of the schools."
Joseph L. Garvin, president of Wil
liam Woods College told the meeting
that every girl should have a high
school education to fit her for the du
ties of housekeeping. If there is no
local high school, he would have
them sent to a girls' school. t
Miss Pearl Mitchell of Rocheport,
Mrs. Windsor of Boonville and Miss
Alice Kinney of New Franklin took
part in the discussion.
There were several county superin
tendents present who did not take
part in the discussion. Among them
were: T. R. Luckell, Sedalia; L. B.
Sipple, Kirksville; I. J. Voglegesang,
Gallatin: P. J. McKinley, St. Charles;
George T. Porter, Columbia, and J.
W. McCormick, Chilllcothe. T. W.
Carrington, president of the Spring
field Normal School; W. J. Hawkins,
president of tho Warrensburg Normal
School; John R. Kirk, president of the
Kirksville Normal School, and W. P
Evans, state superintendent of schools,
State Association Discusses
Milk Production and
Dairying is rapidly becoming one
of the most important industries in
the agricultural world and the fol
lowers of the dairying business are
doing all within their means to Im
prove their facilities for making
dairying more profitable. These
facts were brought out at the meet
ing of the State Dairy Association
yesterday afternoon. Speakers from
different parts of the country dis
cussed dairying from the standpoint
of improvements in products both in
quantity and quality.
The meeting was called to order
by President Marshall Gordon who
briefly outlined the work that today
confronts the dairymen of Missouri.
A bill that is to come before Con
gress prohibiting the coloring of ole
omargarine was talked on by Presi
dent Gordon. This, he said, was of
interest to all consumers as well as
The relative nutritive value of milk
as compared with meat was the sub
ject of a talk by E. A. Trowbridge,
professor of animal husbandry. Pro
fessor Trowbridge showed that milk
was a cheaper food than meat
The dairying business has a good
influence on the country and is good
for farmers, farm homes and bank
accounts, according to John Hosmer
of Marshfield, Mo., who was the next
speaker. Mr. Hosmer, who is a prac
tical dairyman, offered some sugges
tions with regard to making the
dairy a success from a financial point
C. W. Kent of the Meriden Cream
ery Company of Kansas City spoke
next on the commercial importance
of the dairy industry. R. M. Wash
burn, assistant professor of dairy
husbandry at the University of Min
nesota, former dairy commissioner
in Missouri, used charts and pictures
to illustrate his talk on the value of
the dairy business today.
President Gordon appointed the
following committees: Auditing com
mittee A. H. Shepard, G. A. Myer
and C L. White. Resolution com
mitteeGeorge B. Ellis, P. M. Brandt
and Eugene Bennett Nominating
committee P. P. Lewis, A. J. Mc-
(Contlnued on page four.)
PLACE FOR FARMERS
Beds in Courthouse Accomo
date Men Attending
HOTELS ARE FILLED
Registration This Morning
937 Outside Boone County
Co-operation Among Farmers,
H. J. Waters.
Address, E. R. Lake.
Six Missouri farmers, one Kansan,
and Ralph Tennal, editor of the
Weekly Kansas City Star, who are
here to attend Farmers' Week, slept
last night In the jury room of the
Boone County courthouse. About
twenty persons were accommodated
at the Elks' Home. Still the attend
ance at the sessions of Farmers' Week
The registration at 10 o'clock this
morning had reached 937. This does
not include students in the College
of Agriculture nor residents of Co
lumbia. Students will -be allowed to
enroll tomorrow.' The total enroll
ment this year will far exceed that
of any previous year.
Cooper County leads all other
counties outside of Boone in the num
ber enrolled. It has sixty-two.
Cooper has led each year. W. L. Nel
son, assistant secretary of agricul
ture, who Is in charge of the regis
tration, is from this county.
Persons from distant states con
tinue to arrive. Canada is represent
ed by Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Dooley from
Gull Lake. They registered yesterday
afternoon. Others from outside the
state are J. M. Branson, Belleville,
Kan.; W, A. Cochel, Manhattan, Kan.:
W. P. Grimes Stanford, Ky.; Mrs. W.
L. Stookey, New Holland, O.; H. A.
McAleer, Philadelphia Pa.; W. B.
Snellings, Boliger, Ala.; J. B. Kava
naugh. East St. Louis 111.; Mr. and
Mrs. J. A. Buffner, LeRdy, la.; J. W.
Liddell, McClelland, la.
More calls were made at the ho
tels this morning by persons seek
ing rooms. The jury room of the
courthouse will be used again tonight.
Those accommodatedthere last night
were Ralph Tennal, Kansas City; W.
L. Campbell, Grant City; D. B. Mat
thews, Kirksville; F. A. Haux, Co
lumbus, Kan.; R. A. Lovelace, Pal
myra; J. R. Coil, Wellsvllle; E. S.
Brownlee, Greenfield; F. B. Miller,
The Commercial Club has been suc
cessful in finding rooms for all who
have applied there. Some person?,
however, want to stay at a hotel.
Here Is where "the difficulty arises.
Every hotel In the city is crowded.
The Powers last night found rooms
for two of its patrons in private resi
dences. FARM TALK AT ASSEMBLY
Minnesota Professor Spoke on Agri
Thoughts along the line of agri
cultural education were presented by
Prof. R. M. Washburn of the Univer
sity of Minnesota at Assembly this
"We used to think that any old
'mut' could farm", said Mr. Wash
burn, "but It Isn't so any more.
Training of this sort is now popular
and Is very muclo worth while. And
it isn't for the farmer alone. It is
through him for the good of all. The
experiment stations and other de
partments of this work are the great
ways and means committees of the
people. It is through them that
greater efficiency is being obtained."
SWEARIXGEX MADE CHAIRMAN
M. U. Atamans Is Head of Appropria
O. H. Swearingen has been appoint
ed chairman of the appropriations
committee of the Missouri State Leg
islature. He is an alumnus of the
The other members of the commit
tee are: W. B. Roberts, Talbert Tay
lor.FIoyd S. Tuggle, J. D. Bow
man, Thomas Coulter, John T. Peery,
Francis M. Burch Drake Watson,
Valle Reyburn, William H. Tegethoff,
J. W. McKnlght, C. L. Overall, A .W.
Teel, Lawrence F. Moore, William
ZIMBALIST LIKES OUR MUSIC
Violinist Usually Includes American
Selections la Ills Program.
Efrem Zimbalist is a musician who
has strong likes and dislikes among
composers. He claims Brahms as
his favorite. Tschaikowsky, a fellow-
countryman, comes next in his regard.
Unlike most foreign players Mr. Zim
balist is also fond of American music,
and most of his programs include at
least one American composition. At
his concert in the University Auditor
ium Thursday evening, the following
program will be given:
1. Selections from Brahms "Sc-
nata D. minor," "Allegro," "Adagio"
and "In poco presto e con sent!
2. Wagner (a) "Prize Song. Cyril
Scott (b'Irish Song," (c) "Dance.
3. Gretchaninoff-Lutsky (a) "Ber
ceuse." Liszt (b) "Mephisto Waltz.'
This number will be by Eugene Lut-
4. Grieg (a) "Humoresque"; Mac
Dowell (b) "Long Ago"; Zimbalist
(c) "Russian"; Cumi (d) "Orien
tale"; Hubay (e) Scenes "Czardas".
PLAY AMES TONIGHT
First Conference Basketball
Contest of the Season
The Tiger basketball team will
play Its, first conference game to
night when it meets the Ames
"Aggies" at Rothwell Gymnasium
The game will start at 7:30 o'clock
and will be finished by 8:40 o'clock.
This will avoid conflict with the Pbl
Mu Alpha concert which begins at 9
The Iowa team has played two
games this year. A new gymnasium
has recently been completed at Ames
and with up-to-date basketball facili
ties the Aggies say they will be cham
pionship contenders hereafter. The
two games to be played here this
week are exhibition games and do not
count in the championship race.
However, they will afford a good line
on the strength of the two teams,
Ames has never won a basketball
game from the University in Colum
bia and the Tigers have never been
able to defeat the Iowa State College
on its home court
The second half of the Warrens
burg game showed that the Tiger
quintet was not In first class con
dition. They slowed down to such
an extent thatthe Teachers almost
overtook them. Since then Coach
Field has put the squad through
grilling practice. Palfreyman, whose
speed has been a pleasing feature ol
the games, has a stone bruise on his
left foot but it will not keep him out
of the game. With the exception of
Brodie, whose ankle Is still weak,
the rest of the squad is in good con
dition. LET THE MOTHERS' DECIDE I
'ow Twenty-seven Entries la the
Baby Health Contest
There are twenty-seven entries in
the baby health contest in Columbia
and several mo$e Infants will be en
tered before the final judging is
done. Four of the babies who will
contend for the prizes are from out
of the city. The following is a list
of the parents who have entered one
or more babies in the contest:
Dr. L. S. Backus, Kaiser avenue.
son; R. S. Stevenson, William street,
son; Prof. W. H. Pyle, daughter; T.
B. Stuart, North Glenwood, son-J.
L. Lee, Pratt street, son; M. L. King,
Paris Road, daughter; Prof. L. D.
Ames, Thllly avenue, daughter; W.
R. Pearman. Broadway, daughter;
Weldon, Tandy avenue, daughter; H.
C. Rentchler. son; Prof. E. A. Trow
bridge, Kaiser avenue, son; W. L.
Nelson, Kaiser avenue, son; Prof. R.
H. Baker, Kaiser avenue, son; Prof.
Sidney Calvert, College avenue, son;
Prof. H. M. Belden, son; C. B. Hugh
lev. Missouri avenue, son; C. B. Hut
chinson, Allen place, daughter; Dean
W. W. Charters, daughter; A. G. Tur
ner, lit Vernon street, daughter; C.
J. Fisher, North Garth, daughter; G.
Smarr, Monroe street, son; W. C.
Johnson. Vandalia, Mo., son; R. Mo
nasters, Paris Road, daughter; Clyde
C. M. Jackson. College avenue,
. t.- r a... Gtnna Rmlth.
aaugnier, jiro. om ,w .
Ellis, Appleton City, Mo., boh; Dean
Weston, Mo., son.
The list of entries show that the
boy babies entered in the show out
number the girl entries almost two
to one. There are seventeen boys
and only nine girls.
Xo Commercial Clab Dtaier Totej.
The luncheon which the Commer
cial Club had planned for today haa
been postponed until next Thursday.
FRY AND EAT HAM
TO DECIDE CONTEST
President H. J. Waters One
of the Judges Who Sample
A WOMAN COOKS IT
Mrs. N. H. Gentry and Prof.
P. F. Trowbridge Are
the Other Judges.
HAM AND BACO.V AWARDS
Ham first prize, $23 N. R. Wil
liams, Columbia; second prize. $16
B. O. Weller, Plattsburg; third prize,
$10 Sam D. Williams, Jackson.
Bacon first prize, $23 T. B. In
gwenson, Bowling Green; second
prize. $13 Mrs. W. H. Charters, But
ler; third prize, $10 T. A. Nelson,
For two hours the Judges of the
ham and bacon contest lived in joy
this morning as they cut and fried
country-cured meat They were Pres
ident H. J. Waters of the Kansas
State Agricultural College; Dr. P. F.
Trowbridge, professor of agricultur
al chemistry, and Mrs. N. H. Gentry
All morning visitors at the ham
and bacon room had been talking of
the delicious meat, remarking how the
big, rich hams made their mouths
water, what good gravy the meat
would make, and picking out the best
About 10:30 o'clock the odor of fry
ing bacon began to penetrate the halls
of the Agricultural Building. Then
the crowd began to gather at the
ham and bacon room. There Doctor
Trowbridge was cutting slices of the
meat and Mrs. Gentry was frying then
over a gas burner. President Waters
picked out the best looking hams and
aided in sampling the bacon fried by
Mrs. Gentry. Everybody wanted to
sample it. After the Judges had tast
ed a slice from each ham, the fried
leavings-over were passed out to the
crowd and ravously they ate meat
worth 23 cents a pound.
Farmers' Exchange to Sell
From Grower Directly
A Farmers' Exchange is 'a new as
sociation being planned by Missouri
farmers. The organization is to be
perfected today. It is the result of
plans formed by the Farm Manage
ment Association, and presented to
the members at a meeting yesterday
afternoon by D. H. Doane, associate
professor of farm management.
Mr. Doane outlined a plan for di
rect buying and selling within thi
state. The exchange will elect a sec
retary to do the correspondence, to
get the buyer In touch with the seller.
He will receive a small commission
on each sale. Each farmer having
produce to sell will submit to the sec
retary a price list and fair samples
of his product. The farmer who
wishes to buy will send to the secre
tary for samples and prices, will
choose what he wants, deposit the
money for It In a local bank, and send
in his order to the farmer. When the
deal is declared satisfactory, the man
selling the product may draw his
money for It from the bank, and out
of this he pays the commission to the
The object is to eliminate the mid
dleman. The scheme has proved suc
cessful In some of the Eastern states.
and on a small scale In Missouri.
PRIZE CORN TO NATIONAL SHOW
Premium Grata of Mlssoari to Be En
tered at Columbia, S. C.
AH the premium corn at the Mis
souri State Corn Show here thla
wMk will be taken to the National
Corn Exposition at Columbia, S. C
Missouri exhibit will be In charge or
T. R. Douglass and J. C. Hackleman
January 27 to February 12. Tho
of the College of Agriculture.
J. D. Eniff Retaras.
t r wiiff. University high school
Inspector, who has been taking some
work In Colombia university, new
York, thla semester haa retnrnedSand
will resume hla work here.
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