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fulillfhrd dally exrrpt Saturday by the
fctudPDln In ttar School of JonrnatUm at
(lie tnlrrrtlty of Mlntoorl.
I'ltA.NK II. KINO - - Kdltor
A (i IIINMAN - - ltuslne Minaser
Lnlterltjr Miooourlan Ahsorlatlon. Inr.
Dint tors: Kr.mk II. Klnrf. I'resldent;
:i:n!'s Itakpr. Nretar.v; Ira It Hyde. Jr.,
Duke N. I'arry. II. I Taylor, C'lurles
ISoster, i l iuiicrton, .1. i, wrovtrs,
Address all communications to
Office: Virginia Uulldlup. DonniUlra
I'liones: Ituslneas, K; 2vens. 274
Entered at tl'e j.ostofflee, Columbia, Mo
:is MHoiid-cl.its mill.
-ir. flM; moutb. 2.". cents: copy. 3 cenM.
IIESEKYK A VICATIO.V
A few weeks' vacation during Au
gust will mean more to a man who has
worked hard the rest of the jear than
a whole summer of wandering around
the mountains, lakes or seaside will
to a pen-on who has not worked hard
HV ei$j a vacation one mri.t do Mime
thing to desert e It.
Nor is it necessary for such a per
son to go a thousand miles from home
for his aeation Two or three weeks
off in his home town will bring him
countless pleasures to cheer the rest
of his laboring jear.
The alue of a vacation is in direct
proportion to the change it intro
duces into the person's life, mainly
from the mental viewpoint. It doesn't
make so much difference where the
ldy goes for this period of rest. The
important thing is whether or not the
mind of the man has the attitude
neces'-arj to a good acation. If
a man has been bored throughout
the jear by the thought that he has
nothing interesting to do. he will ex
perience a poor vacation.
He who most appreciates the round
of daily work during the year deries
the greatest advantages from a vaca
tion. He is the man who .goes to each
new place with eyes wide open and
mind used to taking into consideration
the real things of life. He wastes no
time longing to be anywhere else than
where he is He gets the heart of a
If a man doesn't deserve a vacation
he has no right to one.
August will be the busiest month of
the jear in Missouri politics On each
of the first four Tuesdays in August
something Important will be going on
Tiie following is the schedule provided
by the Missouri statutes:
August 1 State primary.
August S Meeting of the newly
elected members of the county com
mittees of all parties to elect chair
men and other officers. The chair
man of the county committee becomes
a member of the congressional and ju
August 1." Meetings of the congres
sional and judicial committees for or
gani7ation. The congressional com
mittee is charged with the election of
two members from each district for
the state committee.
August 22 The two members of the
state committee from each congres
sional committee meet at some place
designed by the present state commit
tee and organize the new central body
bj electing a chairman, secretary,
treasurer and other officers.
The platform convention of the par
tic meets at the same time and place
as the state committee and makes the
The membership of the platform
convention Is automatically confined
to the nominees of each party for Unit
ed States Senator, members of Con
gress, state officers, judicial places,
state senators and members of the
state house of representatives
TIIE NEW YORK Sl.
Munsej paid $3,000,000 for the good
will of the people when he bought the
Xev; York Sun. Munsej- is rich
enough to have started a new paper
in New York City and molded it into a
strong organ, but what he wanted was
a newspaper that already had the
confdence and trust of a large num
ber of persons. He could not afford
to wait on the slow- growth of a new
journal; that Is why he spent his $.",,
OdO.OOO. That he will retain this good will
is practically certain. He was wise
enough to keep Edward P. Mitchell
on the staff. Mr Mitchell has been an
editorial writer for the Sun since the
dajs of Charles A Dana He also
lnlned William C Reick. from whom
he bought the paper, and a large num
ber of minor emplojes.
Mr. Munsey has had newspaper ex
perience, and the public has confidence
in him. It is probable that the Sun
will continue as one of the most pow
erful newspapers, of the country
V KV ('(ttSTITlTlOV
When the Republic framed the
questions it has been asking candi
dates for legislative offices, it had no
desire to make them easy to answer,
so that thej might be honestly but un
thinkinglv assented to without giving
any real indication of the convictions
of those who answered puon the great
issues, of the day We abhor that kind
of journalistic ciookedness. On the
contrary, the questions concerning
the budget system and code reform
were so framed as a glance at the top
of the not column will demonstrate
that the candidate answering them in
the affirmative would do so with full
consciousness of what was involved in
tiie reforms considered
Tliee questions clearlj and bluntly
inquire whether those who answer are
in favor of the constitutional changes
necessarj to Install the budget sjstem
and give effective code reform The
number of these who have failed to
answer "Yes" to these pointed inquir
ies is 'O small as to be negligible
Missouri desires a new Constitution
The desire lias not tome about from
anv general retlrssness or vague hank
eiing after new and untried things,
such a spirit is not characteristic cf
this State The desire for a new Con
stitution is entertained bj the nrast
sulistauti.il and iprogressive people,
and it is perfect lj definite in its char
acter There are few Missourians who
are not interested in some sort of im
provement cf our governmental or
business or legal machinery which is
net rendered impossible because an
rrliaic Constitution blocks the w.i
The present Constitution blocks the
introduction of a sensible business
sv-stem into State finance: it blocks
the way to simple and fundamental
dzie reform' it blocks the wa to a
ta and assessment reform desired bv
the overwhelming majoritj- of our peo
ple The school teachers have pro
nounced against it: the bankers have
mVmounced against it. And candi
dates for the legislature from both
narties disregarding trie (proverbial
timid'tv of the office seeker and think
ing only of the good of Missouri, are
sreaking with one voice in favor of
constitutional changes of the first im
'irrtance in the domain of taxation and
appropriation of public monej". St.
i cuis Republic
The New Books
'England or Herman."
Write of short stories and plajs,
lawjer, publisher and literary critic,
Frank Harris has produced a sensa
tional defense of Germanj- and France
and an equally sensational attack up
on England in "England or Germanj ?"
The publishers say: "Here the impar
tial thinker proves bj facts that Ger
manj and France are the first of mod
ern states and that England has fal
len behind in ideals, in laws, in jus
tice and in policj-. Here Frank Har
ris powerfully and with great dis
tinction, shows again bj facts, that
Germanj has done more for civiliza
tion in the last twenty jears than any
state has ever done before, and that
her effort has kejed up all human
cnergj to a higher achievement."
(The W,' mouth Press, New York,
cloth 187 pages; $1.)
Ten lleaiitifiil ears.
It is seldon that anj- book, particu
larly a book of charming short stores,
has so charming an introduct'on as
Man Sargeant Potter has written for
"Ten Beautiful Years" and other stor
ies bv Marj Knight Potter Artists,
nurses, wives, husbands, n.others,
fathers. men and women whom we
know in their loves and stenfices, in
their j earnings and disappointments
are the subjects of these stories Thej
are subtle, but convincing' they are
serious, but entrancing The author,
with an amazing delicacj-, and a too
rare artistr.v. has carried with dis
tinction the splendid tradition of the
American short storj-. All who have
an appreciation of this fascinating lit-erarj-
form will find in "Ten Beautiful
Years" a feast for the imagination,
a fund cf stimulating enlightenment.
(.1. B Mpplncott Companj, Phila
delphia, cloth; 239 pages, $12.".)
Women Enter ('anipaii.11 For Hughes.
lly t'nlted I're
NEW YORK". Aug 1. The Women's
Roosevelt league opened headquarters
in the Postal Life Building here today
to help Charles E Hughes get into
the President's chair The officers of
the league are: Honorary President,
Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt: honoroary
v ice-presidents. Miss Alice Carpenter,
Airs Evans R Bick. Mrs. E Tiffany
Djer. .Mrs. Elon H Hooker, Mrs.
Ieonard Thomas and Mrs Michael Van
Buren; vice-president, Mrs. Antoin
ette Ead Woods; secretary, Mrs. Jo
seph Griswold Deane; treasurer. Miss
Vera De Costa Greene.
FIFTY FACTS ABOUT MISSOURI
I. Missouri is pronounced Miz-zoo-
2 Missouri includes more than 44,
120, MO acres. From north to south
it is 2S2 miles and averages 3.13 miles
3 Missouri is in the center of the
American Corn Belt.
4 .Missouri is larger than any state
east of or bordering on the Mississippi
." The number of Missouri farm
ers exceeds that of any other state.
C The value of cultivated farms in
Missouri is estimated at nearly two
7 Missouri lias more miles of navi
gable rivers on or within her borders
than any other state.
S The entire eastern frontage and
half of the western frontage are on
9 Missouri has sixty-six- railway
10 Missouri grows nearly half as
much corn as all the world outside of
the United States
The value of the
corn crop is $120,000,000. , zinc.
11 Missouri has moie apple trees' 30. Missouri has quarries of marble,
than anj other state. .granite, limestone and various clajs.
12 Missouri contains the laigest or- j 37. Missouri is an agricultural state,
chard in the world. lit lias only three real cities, the rest
13 Missouri has larger bluegrass I is rural population.
fields than any other state. ,
14 Missouri is the leading lead pro
ducing state The annual production I
is about 3,000 000 tons, valued at !.".
000,000.000 1." The supply of coal in Missouri is
ncarlv two billion ton
10 Missouri is the leading state in
the production of barjtes. placing as
much on the market as all the other
17 The annual butter output in Mis
souri is estimated at $2,000,000.
IS The last census of Missouri re
ports 8.37.". manufacturing establish
ments. 19. Missouri has had thirt.v-three dif
20 Missouri has 719 square miles of
21 Missouri has .".1.279 square miles
22 The oldest library in the state is .
that of the St. I.ouis University, found-
ed in 1831
23 The last census of Missouri as
24 There are more than 077,190
dvvellirs in Missouri and 719,812 families.
2.". Missouri was twentj--third out 1 ries
of twenty-six in population when she, 49. Missouri has more than ISO first
was admitted In 1S70 she reached class high schools,
fifth place and has held it , SO. Missouri ranks eighteenth in
20 Missouri has a little more than I land area and seventh in population
one acre of surface running water to among the states and territories of
100 acres of land the United States.
M. I'. CltlM'lTE IS OX RORIIER
Captain W. H. Littell, IL. R. '91,
Write of UN Impressions.
Although the temperature at La
redo sometimes- reaches 105, accord
ing to a letter written by W. R. Lit
tell, who was graduated from the Uni
versity with the degree of LU B. in
1891 and who is now captain of Com
pany A. it is alwajs cool in the
shade, and as no drilling is done after
10 a m . the soldiers have no heat
prostrations The nights are cool
enough for the use of blankets. Dust
storms are their most unpleasant ex
periences During one of these it is
impossible to see twenty feet.
Mr Littell sajs he has no fear o'
the account thej- will be able to give
of the bojs from Missouri, for they
are bronzing into good soldiers. Ho
describes Laredo as a town of about
15,000, four-fifths of whom are Mexi
cans, peaceable and polite citizens. It
has an ice plant, electric light and
water plant There are three rail
roads. There is no paving and few
sidewalks. An International bridge
crosses the Rio Grande River, at either
end of which American and Mexican
soldiers are stationed In the center
of the river is a monument, marking
the boundary line, past which the
American soldiers cannot pass.
The American troops get good food,
according to Mr Littell, but the Mexi
cans on the other side arc hard press
ed for food supplies.
Sayings of the Week
Fibm the Mexican point of v iew, the
I nited States, through the unexpected
benignitj of the first chief, has Just
escaped a devastating invasion and the
loss of Texas with the greatest water
melon crop of hisjory in sight Ijouis
it isn t so manj jears ago that there
w ere only three learned professions '
law. medicine and the ministry But
now nearij every vocation has devel-j
oped into a profession, and all of them
cuiisiuerauiy learnea MSI St. IioulS,
1 111 ) Tribune.
"Half the world doesn't know how
the other half lives." saith the saw
Well, what business is it of the first
half anj waj ? Chillicothe Tribune.
Kmnnrpr VVllllnm r-ot-n Ko fo...n
that he is unable to take his place in
Tt'KSll VY, AUBUST 1. 191C
27. Missouri supports three cities
of more than 100.000 population a
larger number than any other state
28. The centennial anniversary of
steamboat navigation on the Missouri
River will come In 1919.
29. Missouri has been a mother of
states. Out of the original Missouri
territory were carved twelve states.
30. The father of railway mall ser
vice was a Missounan William A.
Davis of St. Joseph.
31. At the close of the Civil War Mis
souri had a debt of $3fi,091,90S.
:','. .Missouri has a state University,
five normal schools, a negro normal
school, a school for the deaf and dumb
and a school for the blind, all under
.!.?. Missouri's wheat crop is estimat
ed at $."0,000,000.
34. Missouri makes 10.000.000 ties
35. The minerals of Missouri are
kaolin, copper, silver, tripoll, nickel.
I cobalt, iron, barjta, coal, lead and
3S Missouri has more livestock
farms than anv- other state
39. Missouri's mineral output is
40. Onlj- fourteen states have more
j than 300 persons listed in America's
Who's Who Missouri is one of these
with 470 names
41. Januarj- 11. 1822. the great seal
of the state was legallj established
42. 'Missouri has eight men listed
with America's foreirost statesmen.
43 The largest spring in the world
is located in Missouri. It Is called
the Ozark Spring
44. The largest manufacturing es
tablishment in the world for sewer
pipes is in Missouri.
4.". Missouri has the largest mule
I market in the world, the largest fur
sale market in the world
sale market, the largest shoe market
and the largest wooden-ware house in
47 Missouri leads in the manufac
: turing of stoves One city has the
1 largest manufacturing output in the
j United States.
48 Missouri holds high rank in pro
duction of watermelon and strawber-
I Will is not alone in these regrets.
Millions of people regret that not
only he but also George and Nick and
I Rajmond and Joe and Ferd are not in
, the trenches up to their necks. Louis
" 'Pork' has the unanimous endorse
ment of two classes of citizens," said
1 Waite N. See, "those who have it and
' those who want it." Hoiden Progress.
Optimism is what makes Kansas far
mers send their buxom daughters East
for the summer and then expect to re
cruit an armj- of college-boj- farm
hands in the East. Boston Tran
sqript. I Mr. Wilson's recent remarks to the
! postmasters evoked loud applause.
I His address to "the postmistress of
the seas," however, seems not to have
'made a int. Chicago Tribune.
Those "cool nights" that we are hav
ing would be more cnjoj-able if they
did not wait until so near daylight to
begin. Kansas City Journal.
It maj- be noticed that Billj- Sunday
doesn't prach the old fashioned hell
in summer time. It isn't so effective.
St. I.ouis Globe-Democrat.
A public library is like woman suff
rage in one respect; once tried it is
in the community to staj". It is never
a question of "Shall we give it up?"
but onlj-, "Why didn't we have it be
fore?" Christian Science Monitor.
Fifty million dollars of Mexican
monej- is to be burned in a public bon
fire at Mexico City. What can be ex
pected of an extravagant people who
will deliberately waste $2.80 worth of
paper at the height of the wood-pulp
shortage? Boston Transcript
Missourian business office, phone 55.
nn , r nun 1 mo
UIV' ' lL.LIro
Consultation and Examination
Free. Office over Miller's Shoe
UlUlCl 1 il
DR. F. L. SUTTON
EYE, EAR, NOSE AND
Rooms 309-11, Exchange National
FIRST SUMMER SESSION
Beginning with the six weeks' Sum
mer School of Science, which opened
July 2, 1895, with thirty students, the
enrollment In the University summer
session has steadily increased, except
in 1897 and 1911. Originally Univer
sity students were not given credit
for the summer work, but with the
pajment of fees made necessary by
tiie failure of the state to appropriate
the usual funds, regular credits were
While officially the first summer ses
sion dates from 1895, in 1894 courses
were offered in English, l.atin, Greek,
modern languages, physics, chemistry,
and biology. The announcement stat
ed that board and room might be ob
tained from $2.50 to -s4 a week, al
though two jears later, the minimum
was changed to $3 50. The work contin
ued for about six weeks, but the time
of beginning courses varied from June
S to 'June 15. No enrollment record is
In 1S95 the legislature made the
first appropriation for a University
summer session, amounting to $4,000.
It was announced as an educational
experiment unique in Missouri, where
summer schools had nourished be
cause no tuition was charged and spe
cial fees were with the discretion of
The next jear an unofficial School
of Languages, privately conducted,
was added for the benefit of teachers,
and two terms extended over twelve
weeks. Eighty were enrolled in the
School of Science, and no record of
the School of Languages appears.
The announcement for 1S97 explains
the value of training in sliopwork,
which had been placed In the curri
HOJIEX WILL LEAItX TO FLY
tviafloii Lessons at Xcw York Camp
Are for War Preparedness.
I!y United I'ress.
HUGENOT PARK, S. I., N. Y.. Augl.
lessons in aviation to equip 250 New
York Citj girls to fly for Uncle Sam
during war time will be the big feature
of the women soldiers' camp of the
American Women's league for Self
Defense, which opened here today.
Mrs. Ida E. Low her, herself a woman
trooper, gave the girls 100 tents which
they pitched among others here today
An army officer will be at the camp
daily to give the girls instructions in
military tactics and setting-up exer
cises. This officer may be Captain
Lucius C. Higgins of the Ninth Regi
ment. Aeroplanes and wireless out
fits were being installed at the camp
The girls paj $7 a week board.
Sociefj Objects t Scouts' Hike.
I!- United Press.
ST. PETER, Minn., Aug. L Because
they thought the Boy Scouts' hike
looked to them like militarism, the Ni
collet County Equity Society caused
the abandonment of a hike scheduled
to have started from here todaj".
PREPARED FOR CAMP-
If jou are planning a camping par
ty or week's outing during August,
Moreau Lodge accommodates crowds
from 13 to 20 persons for only $3.50
a week a person; Dew Drop Inn. 8 to
12 persons: and Fraternity I-od-ge, 4
to 0 persons, at same rate per week
Fine boating and bathing. All Bun
galows screened. Full line of picnic
supplies and fresh vegetables right on
the farm. Phone 4V or write to F. W.
Dallmeyer, R. F. D. No. 4, Box 10 Jef
ferson City. Mo.
OX TIIE PRETTY .MOREAU RIVER
We Will Repair It
All work guaran
teed. We special
ize on Watches,
Clocks and Jewelry
GOETZ & LlNDSEY
I Marquette Hotel HH I
30 STUDENTS J
culum the preceding jear, and empha
sizes the fact that bioiogj mi-ght be
taken as well, since the "sliopwork
not begin until C o'clock in the after
noon." It ib also said that the work
would not be too severe for women
This jear the enrollment fell to 7G.
The first real summer session as we
think of it now, began in 189s. still
with a twelve weeks' esion of two
terms. The work offered vv.is I-uin.
mathematics, and physics in the first
term and bioiogj", English and shop
work and drawing in the second term.
The session extended from June I to
August 27, and only two courses might ,
be taken in one term. An entrance fee
of $5 was charged and University cre
dits were given. This jear gives an
enrollment of 119.
In 1899 the number of students wa3
20S. and in 1900 the fourtli larg
est enrollment in the country
alogue for 1901 sajs that had ten more
was announced. The catalogue
for 1901 sajs that had ten more
persons entered the school in 1900 it
would have been the second in point
From 1900 to 1901 a mushroom
growth of summer schools, sprang up
in Missouri, and the record of stu
dents becomes so complicated that lit
tle may be inferred from it, but the
official statements give 400 or more en
rollments each year.
The jear 1901 marks the beginning
of the 'first summer session of eight
weeks, and from that time on the
work becomes more general in scope
The enrollment runs as follows: 1901.
200; 1905, 390; 1907 452: I90S, SOS;
1909, 552; 1910, 577. 1911, 507. 1912,
OS0; 1913. 810. 1914. 935; 1915. 1,111
f General Electric (ihes Bonuses.
J II v United Tress.
, NEW YORK, Aug. 1. The first half
of $5,000,000 in bonuses was paid by
the General Electric Company to its
emplojes todaj-. Every emploje who
has been with the companj- live j-ears
gets a bonus equal to 5 per cent of his
or her annual salarj-. This amounts
to $300,000 in the Schenectady plant
alone. The companj- has branches in
every city of size in the country
DR. VIRGIL RLAKEMORE
Specialist in Spectacle making.
Grinding, Drilling, Repairing Ex
change National Bk BIdg.
New low Prices
White Enamcled-Stecl Oned
Exceptional value in a Inw-pntH ref njrerator.
A quality that only Montgomery Wanl's enormous
purchasing capacity could accomplish.
Fine rdwoodcasc fount! cornfrs- coUlcn ok finish.
I rr on clumber lined with while cfuiudrd sxrtU
s L, isuhtrd a creat kc rr l-iilr kfi
tic-! st-1 r ih?Kcs. dram pipeartl trap are
easily removed lor cleaning. Purchased In the
ordinary way. this refn iterator will coit yuu $12.00.
" It- lecul Refrigerator circular. You are certain
f Cat u the very rebizerator you require at a &ub
I. .1,.1nng m pnee.
New York Chicago Kansas City
Ft. Worth Portland, Oro.
AUmi IIoom Mow lueitokat
Will call for your
Family washing satisfac
torily and cheaply done.
12 S. 7th Phone 745
me irencnes ana ngni ror his countrj-.