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THE DAILY MISSOURIAN
rablltbrd ertry CTenlnc (except Saturday
and Sunday) and Sunday morning by
Tbe Mlttonrtan AfoclatIon. Incorporat
ed, Colombia. - Frmnk II. King-,
Treildcnt anil Editor; Jesse r.. uroTes,
Directors: Charles G. Rotter, Miss Gladys
Baker, Don D. rnttrrson, Ira II. Ilydr,
Duke X. I'arry, EMU l. Jones, Kuel II.
Address all communications to
THE DAILY SHSSOOItlAN
Office: Virginia Building, Downstairs
rhones: Business, 53; News, 274.
Entered at the postofflce, Columbia, Mo.
as second-class mall.
Vear, $2M; montb, 25 cents; copy, 5 cents.
Outside of Boone County, year $3; montb,
National Adtertlslng Keprcsentaflves.
Tarpenter-Sclieerer Co., Fifth Avenue Build
ing. New York; Peoples Gas Building, Chi
cago. Tbe Mlssourlan receives the dispatches
of tbe United Press Associations.
l'L'ACE AM) AMEBICAX INDUSTRY
The looming of peace on the hori
zon within the last week sent wheat
down forty-three points and indus
trial stocks down thirty-four points.
The markets were shaky and waver
ing. Speculation, which had been at
its height, withdrew to give place to a
more conservative playing of the mar
kets. It was the United States' first in
dication of what peace will bring. We
arc all too oblivious to the fact that
the great European struggle cannot
last forever and that in the midst of
wartime prosperity preparation must
be made for the peace which will in
Millions have been made over night
because of the war. Millions may be
lost over night because of peace.
With the coming of peace, the mu
nitions and other industries which
have arisen from the demands of war
will be automatically closed. It is the
only natural conclusion.
With their closing, hundreds of men
arc going to be thrown out of em
ployment. They are well paid now
but what will the future bring?
With the close of the war, prices
should drop because of a falling off
in the demand for foreign consump
tion. There should be a more equit
able adjustment of food and other
Industries which have given way be
fore wartime demands will again be
revived. Because of the increase of
food and other products, the state of
being of the middle and lower classes
will bo made better.
Peace to American industries and
its effect upon them has both these
positive and negative phases.
But there is one phase which we arc
overlooking and ignoring competition
after the war. ,
England and Germany arc not so
crippled that they will not be as in
tense commercial rivals after the war
as before. Their ambitions to restore
their countries will drive them to even
To meet this the United States is
unprepared. Wc have been sitting
smugly by, satisfied with the "war
brides" of the present without regard
to the future.
Our time is limited. Wc must bend
c cry energy, every effort toward com
mercial preparedness in anticipiation
The dawn of peace should find the
American industries and people pre
pared to meet any and all commercial
competition of the world.
The greatest foe of race regenera
tion and sane living is misplaced con
ventionalism. To do the thing that
is done is the law and the prophets
of all true believers in conventional
ism. Misplaced conventionalism demands
the latest fashions in short skirts and
coats belted at the back rather than
the latest notable theory of social wel
fare. It is responsible for young men
going into debt for a solitaire and
marriages being unhappy because one
couple cannot give a dinner of quite
so many courses quite so often as an
other couple. It says that the young
man may spend $3 in indigestible
candy rather than on a waist that the
girl may really need. Young persons
of opposite sexes may attend the most
flagrantly immoral play together but
to cat dinner downtown In order to
save a busy man's time is entirely im
proper. Other days have demanded that the
young man ask the consent of the
girl's parents before proposing. Pres
ent times ask only that the request be
made after the proposal. In some
countries it Is deemed immodest for
the engaged couple to even converse
together without chaperons. In this
country a chaperon Is a necessary
evil at a dance or a dinner but not on a
motor ride. Engagements are first an
nounced to alii one's friends and then,
when every interested person knows
it, a formal announcement luncheon is
The evil features of misplaced con
ventionalism are that it occupies the
mind to the exclusion of really im
portant things; that it occupies the
time, money and energy that could be
better utilized; that it magnifies un
important details and minimizes the
important ones; that, as a result of
these things, it actually prevents prop
er education which alone can show the
pettiness and the evils of such cus
toms. Conventional customs are not mere
ly to be ridiculed. They are frequent
ly so unreasonable and so opposed to
social progress that they should be
objects of definite attack from all in
THE NEW BOOKS
fcTlie Yamplre of the Continent."
'The Vampire of the Continent," by
Count Ernst zu Reventlow, is trans
lated by George Chatterton Hill. It
is a systematic attempt to give in
sight into the hidden recesses of Eu
ropean political history. The vampire
is England. "England's maritime su
premacy cannot be destroyed until
Ireland is a free country," according
to the author. "Founded on piracy,"
he continues, "the British empire has
been built up at the expense of hu
manity. The English commenced by
robbing the Spanish trcasureships,
acts of murderous and dastardly brig
andiers which arc held up by the Eng
lish today as deeds of prowess. They
continued by robbing Canada and the
States from the French, Gibraltar
from the Spaniards, India from the
French and the Portuguese, South
America from the Dutch, Egypt and
Cypress from the Turks, Malta from
the Italians, and, last but not least.
Ireland from the Irish. Over the whole
world we can follow the trend of the
venomous serpent which has fastened
its deadly fangs into so many victims.
Germany has today assumed the glor
ious task of liberating the world from
the clutches of the British parasite,
Germany the champion of the light
and the truth against the power of
darkness and mendacity."
(The Jackson Press, New York;
225 pages; $1.25.)
"From the Housetops.''
"From the Housetops" is a typical
best seller novel by George Barr Mc-
Cutcheon. Full of thrills and dra
matic interest, it holds the attention
of the reader through every page. Mc-
Cutcheon became famous as the au
thor of "Graustark," and his latest
novel is even more attractive than the
(Dodd, Mead & Co., New York;
cloth, 442 pages; illustrated.)
"The Short Story."
'The Short Story," with introduc
tion and notes by W. Patterson At
kinson, is a textbook for first year
high school pupils. Irving, Poe,
Hawthorne, Bret Harte, Stevinson,
and Kipling are the authors whose
stories are considered and commented
(Allyn & Bacon, Chicago; cloth, 238
Austrian Ambassador Sails to U. S.
By United Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 2G. Count
Tarnowski, recently appointed Aus
trian ambasador to the United States
to succeed Theodor Dumba, recalled,
at the request of the United States for
undiplomatic activity, is due to sail
for New York today from Rotterdam
on the Dutch steamer Nieuwo Amster
dam. Immediately after Tarnowski's
appointment Great Britain and France
refused to grant him a safe conduct
to the United States. It was gener
ally believed that this was a protest
of Great Britain at what she consid
ered the laxity of the United States
In suppressing activity of England's
enemies on the United States soil.
W. B. Karstetfer to St. Louis.
William R. Karstetter, who has been
picture manager at the Columbia The
ater for the last year, left last week
for St. Louis, where he will live.
Mr. Karstetter will be associated with
motion picture concerns in that city.
He will continue to book the pictures
for the Columbia Theater.
Students to Equip Ambulance.
A committee of students of the Uni
versity of Wisconsin has been named
to try to raise $1,600 before January
10 to equip a Wisconsin ambulance to
be named by university men for use
in the European battlefields.
vTHE DAILY MSSOUBIAK, TUESDAY ETEXUfG, DECEMBER 88, 1916.
WOULD PROTECT CHILDREN BY LAW
Code Commission Appointed by Governor in
1915 Tells of Conditions and
Remedy for Minors.
Very few Missourians appreciate the
great volume of poverty, disease and
crime with which the State is burden
ed today, according to advocates of the
Children's Code which will be sub
mitted to the Legislature during the
term which begins January 1.
"When we reflect that there are in
our state institutions over 10,000 un
fortunate men, women and children;
that there are over 3,000 new cases go
ing into these institutions every year;
that there are in addition, some 18,000
persons in the care of the counties
besides the thousands of dependents
being looked after in the larger cities,
St. Louis, Kansas City and St. Joseph,
and in the smaller towns, we begin to
have some idea of the size of the bur
den we are carrying," says Rhodes
E. Cave, of St Louis, chairman of
the Children's Code Commission,
which was appointed by the governor
Manley O. Hudson of the School of
Law of the University is secretary of
the commission and Prof. Charles A.
Ellwood, Dean Isidor Loeb and J. L.
Wagner of Columbia are members.
"Thousands of children throughout
the state are growing up into the
wrong kind of citizens because they
are being neglected by their parents,"
says Mr. Cave.
"In the six counties which have
Juvenile Courts in the state at pres
ent, about 4,000 wayward children are
being brought before the court each
year. This shows the great need for
reaching such children all over the
state instead of, as at present, in only
the city of St Louis, Jackson, Greene,
St Louis, and Jasper Counties.
Children In Missouri Jails,
"Investigation has shown over 500
children in Missouri jails. Probably
more than 500 children get into these
jails every year, in company with
criminals and tramps.
"One-third of our almshouses in
Missouri today house little children
though it is a well knownfact that
children raised in almshouses inevit
ably grow up to be paupers.
"Much of our crime, poverty and
misery is due directly to the great
number of feeble-minded persons in
our midst, who are wholly unable to
lead normal lives. Our one state in
stitution for the feeble-minded at Mar
shall has been crowded for years. It
has a capacity for 700 when it has
been estimated that there are more
than 6,000 feeble-minded in the state.
It has a waiting-list of 800 at pres
ent. "The United States Census Report
shows over '18,000 children between
10 and 13 years of age working in
gainful occupations in Missouri; in
addition, there are more than 34,000
between the ages of 14 and 15. This
prevents their getting the right kind
of education. It helps to explain why
Missouri is 29th of the 48 states in
the Union in the number of illiterates
among our people.
"All of these conditions are found
in other states. Missouri is not alone
in facing these serious problems and
in trying to prevent the increase of
poverty, disease and crime.
"There has been started throughout
the United States a movement to get
each state to bring together all its
laws relating to children and to create
some satisfactory means for the en
forcement of these statutes.
"Missouri is the first state to start
this work in response to the national
movement In June 1915, the Gov
ernor appointed a Commission of
twenty-four persons from all over the
state to prepare a complete set of
laws for children to be presented to
the 1917 Legislature for passage. The
names of the members of this Commis
sion are given on the folder which is
being sent you. All of these people
have given their services without pay.
The necessary expenses have been met
by public contributions.
"The Children's Code, which will
come before the Legislature in Janu
ary, contains not only what is best
in all of our own laws, but the best
ideas and experiences of other states
have been added."
What Missouri's Code Commission
For Destitute and Xeglected Children.
1. Counties will pay pensions to
mothers with little children, whose
fathers are dead or in institutions, so
that they may raise their own chil
dren at home.
2. Illegitimate children will have
the right of support by their fathers,
under the protection of the court
3. All private institutions caring
for children will be subject to the
supervision of the State Board of
Charities and Corrections.
4. Dependent children will no
longer be committed to the state re
form schools where they associate
with older and delinquent boys and
1. Every county will have a Chil
dren's Court to which all children
who break the law or are neglected
by their parents, will be brought No
child will be left in a common jail
2. In order to reach adults who
arc responsible for the neglect or im
morality of children, they will be dealt
with by the same judge who hears
3. Boys under 18 years of age will
no longer be committed to the peni
tentiary. 4. Adults who are convicted of
breaking the law and who are paroled
will bo supervised by probation offi
cers appointed by the court.
For Cliild Workers.
1. All children will have to attend
school until they arc 1G years old,
unless they complete the 6th grade
before that. Those who complete the
6th grade may go to work at 14 years
2. All children leaving school to go
to work will be examined physically
to see that they go into occupations
that are not going to be hurtful to
their health and development.
3. Children will be forbidden to be
employed for gain in agriculture and
domestic service under the age of 14,
just as they arc now forbidden to work
in all other gainful occupations.
4. All children under 16 years will
be forbidden to operate any kind of
5. No boy under the age of 12 and
no girl under the age of 18 will be al
lowed to engage in street trades. All
children who sell on the streets must
6. Boys under 21 years of age will
be forbidden to engage in night mes
senger service, because of the moral
dangers of that occupation.
For Defective Children.
1. A state bureau will be estab
lished for finding out how many de
fective and feeble-minded children
there are in the state and for exam
ining and recommending treatment for
2. Additional provisions will be
made for caring for feeble-minded
persons and all such persons will be
sent to institutions only through a
3. The education of the blind, the
deaf, feeble-minded and epileptic will
be placed under the State Department
4. Every board of education in the
state will have the right to make spe
cial provision in their schools for
training of defective children.
TO DEDICATE CAPITOL JULY 4
w Sfnte ltullillnp Is Xow 93 Percent
The new state capitol is to be dedi
cated July 4, according to a dispatch
from Jefferson City, quoting E. W.
Stephens of Columbia, chairman of
the State Capitol Commission. The
building is now 93 per cent complete.
There yet remains to be executed 18
percent of the carving, 30 percent of
the ornamental iron and bronze, 18
per cent of the plaster work, 10 per
cent of the interior marble, 15 percent
of the mill and carpentry, 15 percent
of the interior glass and glazing, 5
percent of the mechanical and 15 per
cent of the elevators.
"The first floor now is virtually
ready for occupancy," said Mr. Stc-
18th St. and "JCasMngton Are.
A Refined Hotel for Your
Mother. Wife and Sister
Room vith Private Bath
41.50. 12.00. 42.50. 43.00
42.50. 43.00. 43.50. 44.00
Your friends have not seen
They are excellent
New Year Remembrances
Now on display in the
Get them before they run out
! j.rK. ig"j'm i ID
phens. "The second floor will be fin
ished by February 1, the legislative
floor by March 1 and the state stair
way, legislative library and the dome
by April 1."
If tentative arrangements are car
ried out, Frederick D. Gardner will be
inaugurated Governor In the West
Museum Hall. There will be space
for several thousand more people
there than in the hall of the House
of Representatives in the temporary
The first official act in the new
statehouse will be the signing of
Governor Major's last message to the
Governor Gardner will have the
choice of using the temporarily fitted
up site in the new building or he can
use the present quarters of the ex
ecutive office in the temporary State
house. In round numbers the contracts pi
the Gill Company up to date ag
gregate $2,900,000, and on this the
commission has paid a total of $2,
278,211.41. The Gill contracts do not include
$200,000 paid by the commission for
additional ground to enlarge the cam
pus, $100,000 for the construction of
the foundation, $60,000 for erection
and equipment of the power-house and
$28,000 for concrete work on approach
to the south entrance.
STAB TAXICAB LINE
Taken any time or place
GROUPS AND STUNTS A SPECIALTY
Ocker Phone 223
We Will Repair It
All work guaran
teed. We special
ize on Watches,
Clocks and Jewelry
GOETZ & LlNDSEY
MRS. J. F. MURRY
306 S. Ninth St.
Will take your measure for a Genuine LOMBARD Tailored Middy
Suit, Blouse or Separate Skirt
Made of U. S. Government approved Serge, Flannel, linen or-selected
Made by IIARBY S. LOMBARD, Xaval Tailor, Boston, Mass.
Samples of materials for your consideration.
Holly, Holly, Holly
For your holiday decorations
Cut Flowers, Baskets of Flowers,
Blooming Pot Plants
COLUMBIA FLORAL COMPANY
After January 1, $3.50
You will save .00 by
sending in your Missouri
an subscription this week.
Your daily paper for 1917 will
cost you less than 20 cents a month
if you act now.
The Daily Missourian
DOXT AYOID YOUB firm
British Newspaper Advises AnhJf
By United Press
BUENOS AIRES, Nor. 26. (by nam 4
mans too rigorously in conntrig, "
where both are aliens, is simply cat '
ting off his nose to spite his face J :
cording to the Buenos Aires Hpm
one of the two or three im.-..
British newspapers in South America 1
The Herald argues in a recent fawjl
that the Britons who stay out otowfl
..... ....aua m-iiueni, DecausetheTt ,
do not wish to associate with thefat '
ter, are not only not worrying thej,
ruaia uut are uuing exactly what the
Germans want them to do. The (jlT
man, it points out, "is to be fonirf
the clubs, the restaurants and in tfc,
private houses., and if Britishers jh,
these placesthe go-by owing to tk
presence of a German element so
much the better for the German pi
of active preparation for the close of
Grant Switchmen's Demands.
By United Press
NEW YORK, Dec 26.-Partii
granting of the demands of tie
Switchmen's Union of North America
for an eight-hour day was made In t
request made In the United States Sa-
preme Court today. The swIti-hmJ
demanded a rate of one and one-halt 'I
pay ior overtime.
Wc have bought out the Arm known
as Hopper & Creasy, at No. 107 jj
Ninth St. We do plumbing, hi.:
Inc and make repair work a sn.
Dr. Virgil Blakemore
Makes the best spectacles,
change Bank Bldg- Phoni
Will call for your
Family washing satisfact
orily and cheaply done.
12 S. 7th Pbone 745
Any Number Or Pieces
Phone 55 ,