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U.S. OmOAUV AT WAR
- i ; ; -r
WILSON TELLS PUNS
Approves of Conscription of
500,000 Men in Addition
AGE LrMIT IS 19 TO 25
Drafting to Be Practiced in
National Guard if Vol
Itv United Press
WASHINGTON. April 6. After pro
claiming a state of war the President
this afternoon issued the following
statement regarding the means to be
used in obtaining the two million men
asked for by heads of the war depart
ment last night.
"The principle embodied in the plans
which the military committees of the
Senate and House have adopted have
It is proposed to meet the orders
for the necessary men by bringing the
regular army and national guard up
to their full war strength and adding
the additional forces by selective con
scription. The first increment of 500,
000 to make iip this so-called addition
al force will be ordered immediately
and other increments called as rapidly
as officers can be obtained to train the
men in order that all these forces
might comprise a single army in con
junction with the regulars and nation
al guardsmen. The term of enlistment
will be equalized according to the term
The necessary men will be secured
for the regular army and national
guard by volunteering as at present,
until the president resorts to a selec
tic draft should voluntary recruiting
not fill these units. The draft would
call men ranging between the ages of
nineteen and twenty-five. For the
first "additional force" of 500,000 men
the quotas of several states will be in
pioportion to their population.
Selziim' of Ships Is -First AVar Act.
Hy United Press
NEW YORK. April C United States
Army forces seized all German ships
in all American ports today. It was
America's first act of war.
In ports on every coast of the
United States proper and on its Is
land possessions, marines and blue
jackets went aboard the German
ships, arrested their members and
topic possession of the vessels in the
name of the United States.
At Hoboken, New York, along, twen-ty-seen
vessels, including the giant
steamer Vaterland, were taken over.
The total number of German ships in
American ports is ninety-one, regis
tering a total tonnage of 394,696
From Philadelphia, Boston, New
Orleans. Jacksonville, San Francisco
and other ports come reports today
of the seizing of ships. No trouble
was reported at any point.
Brazil .May Declare War on Germany.
I!y United Press
RIO DE JANIERO. April 6. Brazil
may declare war on Germany.
Official announcement today of the
sinking of the Brazilian steamer Par
an, killing three Brazilians aroused
the most intense anti-German feeling
The situation is most grave and a
declaration of war against Germany
may be made at any time according
to information received here tod.iy
from Foreign Secretary Muller.
Uncle Jack Conies Aged Negro, Dies.
Uncle Jack Coats, Columbia's old
negro basket-maker. Is dead. He was
found dead in bed this morning at
the home of W. R. Epperson, 301 South
Third street, where he has been stay
ing since leaving the hospital a few
days ago. Uncle Jack was one of the
old-time negroes, having been a slave
before the war and a soldier of the
Confederacy. He worked at times
for members of the Daugtiters of the
Confederacy, making baskets and do
ing odd jobs. Uncle Jack was near
ly 30 years old. The funeral will be
' . .-- ,. - . . t.
i ljuh r mm m inn m mme nr armv
For Cnlumlilit and vicinity Inire.islnr
cloudiness, followed by rain late tonight '
or Maiuruey: wanner tonight. I.ouest
temperature aboie freezing.
For Missouri Increasing cloudiness fol
lowed by rain late tonight or Saturday:
warmer tonight east and south portions;
looler Saturday west portions.
The low- pressure system that was i-rn-tral
in Kentucky yesterday morning has
traveled northeast reaching New York c'l
ty this morning: it is of considerable mag
iiitude. dominating the weather In most
of the territory east of the Mlssippl Itlver.
The mill licit extends from Florida to
New England, while snow- Is plentiful in
the lower Like region and St. l-iwrence
The weather Is generally fair In the
Mississippi Valley and Plain states. Al
though rather cool, frost occurring In Kan
sas and Missouri.
Another low pressure wae is appm.n h-,
ing irom me soiuuern uocfcy .uomiiaiu
sloe, and under Its influence rain is like
lv in Columbia during thee latter part of
the next thirty-six hours.
I .oca I Data.
The highest tempeerature in Columbia
yesterday was 54 and the lowest last night
was :ES: precipitation 0 00; relatite hu
midlty - p. m. jesterday 5:2 per cent. A
j ear ago jesterday the highest tempera
ture was ."; and the lowest :S; precipi
tation 0 01 iiuh.
The Almanac. ,
Sun rises today. .":4B a. in. Sun sets.
0:37 p. m.
Moon sets. S:.S a. m.
The. Temperatures. j
7 a. m 3.5 11 . m..
S a. m 43 12 m. .
U a. ni 44
10 a. m 50
1 p. in m
p. in .
COLD SPELL MAY DAMAGE FRUIT
By ATcrage of Last 27 Years, Killing on the Mexican border. Those mem
Frost Comes April 18. bers who were not present for the
The present cold spell, although ! inspection last night will be inspected
not severe, may still hold elements of at other cities and will be accredited
danger for the fruit-raiser and vege
table gardener, according to George
Reeder of the local Weather Bureau.
The ground is still cold and the av
erage of -killing frosts for Columbia
and Ucftiity-for the last 7 years falls
on April 18, although last year the
last killing frost came April 9. Apple
trees are beginning to bud and the
hardier vegetables are slowly appear
ing above the ground. Another sure
sign of, warmer weather is the sight
of negroes of all ages busily gathering
greens on parts of the campus and
Although rain is expected late to
night or tomorrow morning, the weath
er will be warmer. Saturday night
will be cooler. Mr. Reeder would give
no advance notices as to Easter Sun
day, conditions in some parts of the
'country being slightly unsettled. The
present season is, in his opinion, quite
well advanced for this time of the
KEI) CROSS URGES SUPPORT
Local Chapter Sends Out Appeal for
Members to Help in War Relief.
An urgent appeal under the head
ing of "Your American Red Cross
Needs You" is being sent out by the
local chapter of the American Red
Cross Society in an effort to secure
new members. The appeal says that
no other agency provides such a prac
tical way for helping the country
and humanity. Membership in the so
ciety implies only that help shall be
given to alleviate the distress caused
by war. Prof. L. M. Defoe is treas
urer of the local chapter. Member
ships are payable to him, $1 for an
nual, $2 for subscription and $5 for
PROF. NEWTO.N RESERVE MAJOR
Commission Is In Effect With Decla
ration of War Against Germany.
Prof. G. D. Newton of the School
of Engineering ha, received a com
mission as major in the Engineering
Reserve Corps. The commission was
issued at army headquarters in Wash
ington and reached :Columbia last
Saturday. It went.-into effect with
the declaration df war against Ger
many. Professor Newton will prob
ably spend a few weeks in some train
ing camp before going into active
service. Further instructions will be
sent later from Government head
quarters giving the detailed course
he will follow.
Negro Is Chen 6 Months in JalL
A jury returned the verdict of
guilty of felonious assault without
intent to kill ia,the case of Louis
Schnalt against James Nicklin, both
negroes, in the Circuit Court this aft
ernoon. The sentence was six months
in the county jail.
COLUMBIA, MISSOURI, FRIDAY
AT NEVADA IN WEEK
Inspector of Company F Says
Fourth Missouri Infantrv
Will Be Called.
RECRUITS NEEDEDJ.MUST BE EXAMINED
Local Unit Will Probably
Take Members From
The mobilization of the Fourth Mis
souri Infantry of which Company F
is a unit, will take place at Nevada
about the first of next week. This
news was brought to Columbia hv
Lieutenant-Colonel Burkbardt of the
Nineteenth Infantry of the U. S. Army,
who inspected the local company at
the armory last night. .
Captain Major said this morning he
believed that the inspection was sat
isfactory to the federal inspector-last
night, although the company was
broken up because many of the mem
bers have not returned to Columbia
since being mustered out of service
to the Columbia company.
Seventy-five new members are need
ed to bring Company F up to full
war strength. According to Captain,
Major, if Columbia citizens do not
reKtinnil wlthin the next ferlavs !
the new members will be recruited
fvnm tivc Atftlinrltf ntirl clll-miinrt.
w... .....;, ..,w..,j .. ..v-..
ing cities to bring the company up to plicants must be at least 21 years old
full strength by the time of the call and must have had some military ex
for mobilization. A report was re- perience in the regular U. S. Army,
ceived yesterday from Paris stating National Guard or a recognized mill
that twenty-three men there have tary school. "In case of conscrip
signified their willingness to enlist. tion," said Major Castle, "the members
Only three men have enlisted here . f the Reserve Officers' Training
in the last few days. Three have Corps who have satisfied the rcquire
been rejected, two for physical dis- ments will be used in training enlisted
ability and one because he was a mar- citizens for the regular army."
ried man with a family dependent up- I In addition to passing the. regular
on him for support. This morning arn,v Physical examination to become
a large recruiting sign was placed in embers or the corps certain mental
front of the armory to stimulate the ' and Passional examinations must be
spirit of enlisting. !pascd- Hu'es concerning the exami-
Lieutenant-Colonel Burkhardt left "a"0n for ,he 0fficers' Rescrve CrPs
.... . . I follow:
tnis morning tor Kansas uuy wnere
he will inspect the Kansas City Ma
chine Gun Company of the Third In
fantry tonight. Tomorrow he will in
spect Supply Company M at St. Jo
seph. TJCERS DEFEAT KENDALL, 2 TO 0
Hit by Giltner, Pitcher, in Ninth, Helps
Score Winning Run.
Special to The MIsourl.in.
TULSA, Okla., April 6. The Tiger
baseball team continued on their win
ning streak when they defeated the
Kendall College nine, 2 to 0 yesterday
afternoon. The game was a pitchers'
battle, the hits on both sides being
Giltner, pitching on a foreign field,
and with poor support from his in
field, used judgment in getting out of
holes. He struck out eleven men and
only five hits were gathered off his
delivery. He also made three hits,
one in the last inning helping score
the winning run. Young of Kendall
struck out nine men but was hit safe
ly seven times. Missouri plays Kendall
The batteries for yesterday's game
were: Missouri, Giltner and Morris;
Kendall, Young and Wallace.
J. E. McPherson Heads City Schools.
The Board of Directors of Colum
bia Public Schools re-elected J. E.
McPherson superintendent of schools
at a brief meeting in the courthouse
yesterday. J. E. Jones was re-elected
principal of the Fred Douglas
School. The Board will elect teach
ers for next year April 17.
Public Library Open Saturday A. M.
The Columbia Public Library in the
Court House will be open from 9:30
to 12 o'clock Saturday, April 7. Any
one desiring books should call at
EVENING, APRIL 6,
TO AFFECT STUDENTS
Large Per Cent Come With
in Age Limits Many
Have Had Experience.
Recruits Will Be Given Rig
id Test and Army Stand
"The tentative compulsory military
service measure now being considered
by Congress will have a wide effect on
the enlistment of the students in the
University if adopted.4 said Captain
J. C King, instructor iu military sci
ence in the University, this morning.
".Most of the students are within the
age limits, specified In the bill and
many of them have had military ex-
pertence. Tnese are the men the Gov-
eminent will want when enlistment By United Pitta
time comes." , WASHINGTON, April 6. War was declared at 1 :13
Captain King said that there is a .. v w , , . . , ..,
mistaken notion afloat that every man th,S afternoon. At exactly that time President Wilson Sign
between the ages of is and 23 years ' ed the joint resolution passed by the House and Senate de-
SSSSSL'SZidttia' that a s,a,e of war exis,s b""'een ,he UniKd Sta"s
says that the physical standard of the and Germany.
regular army will be rigidly main-; An hour before, the resolution was signed bv Vice-Pres-
recruits. The compulsory enlistment'
is considered as a means to make the
slacker share the burden of military
1 service with the willing man hP mm
Many applicat,ons have en filed
for Qfncers' appointments in the Re
- ... -Hre.v:.'-m !.: -- ..-. . '
joci.c uiuraa i ruining vxjrps. .Major
iCharlees W. Castle, commandant of!
J- !J .!, ,
iauei.1, saiu mis morning mat an ap-
Kxtnirt from Crnprnl Orders 32. W.ir
Department. 1910. recarrtlns examination
for appointment as captains ami lieuten
ant of infantry in Officers' Heserre Corps.
1. I.'nicllsli Crammar and ability to
read, write and spell nltli fjelllfr and
4. History of the United States.
This examination may be waved by pro
ducing a diploma or certiorate of gradua
tion from an educational Institution of
good repute: or by satisfying the examin
ing board that the applicant has been suf
ficiently educated In the subject mentioned.
1. Administration (Oral) Army regula
tions and important general orders, special
attention being paid to articles of arrnr
regulations, I to XXIII inclusive: XXIX
to XXXIII Inclusive; XXXIX: XI.; MM;
LV; and I.X.
'2. Drill regulations (Practical) (In case
no facilities exist, this examination will
be oral.) School of the soldier; school of
the squad and school of the company.
X. Field service regulations. Service of
information. Service of security. .Marched.
4. Tables of organization. To intitule
the company. (Oral).
.. Small arms firing regulation. (Oral)
Theoretical prlmlples. Estimating dis
& Military Law (Oral). Manual of
7. Topouraphy. (Practical? Mnklnt
of a topographical map. Map reading.
W. C. T. U. Worker Here Sunday.
Mrs. Linne Carl of Portland, Ore
national field secretary of the Young
People's Branch of the W. C. T. U.,
will be in Columbia Sunday. She will
lecture at the Methodist Church at
3 p. m., and will talk to a masa meet
ing of the young people's societies of
the city at 6:30 o'clock Sunday even
ing at the Baptist Church. Mrs. Carl
is a reader and Impersonator.
Courthons to Haie New TTalk.
Work was begun this morning on a
new walk that is to run from the
north door of the Courthouse diag
onally to Eighth street. The walk
will be 6 feet wide and 90 feet long.
Mrs. Whittle Undergoes Operatiom.
Mrs. J. E. Whitle of Columbia un
derwent an operation this morning at
Parker Memorial Hospital.
WILSON SIGNS RESOLUTION
AT 1:13 OUOCK TODAY
Four Missouri Representatives Vote
"No" When House Passes Act
373 to 50 First War Measures
Total $164,000,000 Conscription
Plans Call for 2,000,000 Men.
By United Press .
WASHINGTON, April 6. The general defensive
bill calling for $100,000,000 for national defense purposes
and $64,000,000 for war expenses was the first war measure
to pass Congress today.
,dent Marshall in the Senate
These were the last formal steps necessary to make the
United States an ally of England, France and Russia in the
world war of democracy
Aminst thi mnr rlmmst-ir
.. i -
I 3V.CI1C3 CTLI WU1C03CU 111 SUII"
gress, the House early today passed
the resolution which President Wil
son signed this afternoon and which
formally declared Germany an ene
my or the United States. The vote
on the resolution was 373 to 50.
Woman Votes on BI1L
For the first time in history a wom
an voted on the question of war. With
a sob and a protest of her love for
her country she voted "No."
Shackleford, Igoe, Decker, and
Henseley all of Missouri, voted "no."
Thirty-two Republicans, sixteen
Democrats; one Socialist, and one
Prohibitionist voted against the reso
lution. Will Take Immediate Action.
The first blow will be struck at once
against Germany. Secret orders con
taining precautionary steps to be tak
en within and without the nation will
be flashed from Washington immed
iately. What these orders are, the
Administration refused to divulge this
afternoon because of their military
The nation is now ready for its
money and men. Two million of the
nation's youth will be required within
the next two years. Measures cover
ing both these greater needs are
drafted and will be presented to Con
The first great war budget asking
more than three and a half million
dollars is up for discussion today in
the House. The Military Committee
has been informed of the adminis
tration's selective conscription bill to
raise a giant army.
By United Preei
WASHINGTON, April 6. As the
President affixed his signature to the
document declaring war between the
United States and Germany, Lieuten
ant Commander McCandles signalled
across the street to the Navy Depart
ment that war was officially declared
and orders were flashed out to ships
of the Navy and all the forts of the i
Simultaneously steamships every-1
where on the Potomac, and whistles
over the entire city of the nation's
capital shrieked out the dreadful re
port of war which the city had been
breathlessly expecting since the call
ing of the extra session.
While the ink still was wet on the
historical document, messages to all
the Governments of the earth were
sent out informing them of our ac
tion. Th Swiss Minister, Dr. Paul Rit-
THE WAR PROCLAMATION
By Doited FrM
WASHINGTON, April 6. Pres
dent Wilson this afternoon issued
a proclamation to the people of
the country declaring a state of
war exists between the United
States and the Imperial Govern
ment of Germany. At the same
time he asks and especially directs
all officers of the United States
Government, civil and military,
to exercise vigilance In the dis
charge or their duties incident to
such a state of war.
In the same proclamation the
President appeals to all Ameri
cans to uphold the laws of the
land and give undivided and will
ing support to those measures
which may be adopted by the con
stitutional authorities in assist
ing them in prosecuting the war
to a successful issue and in jb
taining a secure and just peace.
iter, acting for Germany, communicated
I the word formally to Berne and
thence to Berlin. Dispatches were
sent to every foreign and South Amer
ican Consul. All should be informed
of the nation's action within the next
President Wilson signed the war
resolution while alone in the library
of the White House two minutes aft
er it reached the Executive Mansion.
By United Preia
WASHINGTON, April 6. President
Wilson signed the declaration of war
with Germany in the presence of Mrs.
Wilson, his niece. Rudolph Foster, the
executive clerk and the head usher.
The gold pen he used in affixing the
words "Woodrow Wilson" was given
to Mrs. Wilson.
When the document was returned to
the capitol from the White House It
was turned over to the Secretary of
State and filed among the most impor
tant papers of the Administration.
Immediately after signing the joint
resolution for the war the President
issued bis proclamation to the peo
ple of the country declaring that a
state of war existed between this na
tion and The Imperial German Gov
ernment. He asked all American cit
izens' undivided devotion to their
country because they were devoted
to the principles of liberty and jus
tice and therefore to uphold the laws
of the land and give undivided and
willing support to the prosecution or
the war to a successful issue and a
just and lasting peace. At the same
time he warned all aliens to conform
to the strict regulations which he out
lined in the proclamation.