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THE DAILY MISSOCRIAN, WEDNESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 1, 1917.
OF WIDE INTEREST
Admission to Statehood De
layed by Politics, Says W.
GETS NEWS BY MAIL
People Learn That Repre
sentatives Debate Over
Other states have birthdays; Mis
souri has birth years. In other com
monwealths the centennial of state
hood means a celebration of local
concern. Missouri approaches the ob
servance of a centennial period of
nation-wide interest. One hundred
years ago there was- before the Amer
ican people no issue greater, more
serious, thaff the Missouri question.
This is the way In which Walter 15.
Stevens speaks of the Missouri cen
tennial in the Missouri Historical Re
view. The Missouri centennial is not lim
ited to a day, a month, or even a
year. It is a period.
It was high time in 1S17 for Mis
sourians to ask for statehood. Across
the river, Illinois, with less popula
tion than Missouri, was signing peti
tions for admission. Seven states had
been admitted to the original thirteen.
Missouri was growing faster than any
of them. Moreover, Missouri had a
claim to statehood based on interna-
tional treaty. When France ceded to
, i-nitp,l stntes h.. irreat territory !
l.. I V .... . ., - .
west of the Mississippi, it was stipu-
lated that the inhabitants "shall be
incorporated in the Union of the
United States and admitted, as soon
as possible, according to the princi
ples of the federal constitution, to
the enjoyment of all the rights, ad
vantages and immunities of citizens
of the United States." It was four
teen years after the agreement be
tween the two nations before Missouri
applied for her statehood.
In the Early Days.
The Missouri petitions were pre
sented to Congress on January S,
ISIS. The date was fitting. It was
the anniversary of the Battle of New
Orleans, fought by Andrew Jackson,
which Missouri led. Other states
were admitted into the Union, but
still Missouri waited waited from
January S, ISIS, to March C, 1S20, for
the enabling act Meanwhile a great
and dangerous game in national poli
tics went on. The Senate by a ma
jority vote was ready to admit Mis
souri. The House of Representatives
insisted that Missouri must abolish
slavery gradually and must put into
the constitution a promise to that
effect, as a condition of admission to
Week after week the one-horse mail
brought to Missouri the aggravating
news. Congress adjourned in March,
1S19, the Senate and the House in
deadlock on the bill. Then the storm
of resentment in Missouri broke loose.
From April, 1S19, to December,
1S19, wherever Missourians assem
bled, resolutions were adopted or
toasts were drank in defiance of the
dictation of Congress as to what
should be put in the constitution on
the subject of slavery. And these
sentiments were endorsed with pro
Many other states were admitted
while the wrangle over the Missouri
question went on. The conflict con
tinued until March, 1S20, when the bill
passed permitting Missouri to frame
a constitution without restriction,
but provding that slavery should be
excluded from the rest of the Louisi
ana Purchase territory west and
north of Missouri. And that exclu
sion was the Missouri Compromise
which vexed American politics for
thirty-seven years, only to be declared
unconstitutional by the United States
Supreme Court in March, 1857.
Becomes State in 18:20.
When the news of the Missouri
Compromise was received at St.
Louis and other centers of population
about the end of March, 1S20, Mis
sourians celebrated what they firmly
believed was the birth of statehood.
A candle burned in every window on
the night chosen for the form alrati
tlcation. As the news traveled slowly
up the rivers, bonfires burned on the
hilltops at night, and jollification was
held in the day time.
But with the passage of the Mis
souri Compromise act. the people
proceeded, without delay, to their
part under the enabling provisions.
They elected delegates, held the con
vention and drafted a constitution.
It was all done before the middle of
June that year, 1S20.
In a book on the centennial of the
statehood of Missouri, Floyd Shoe
maker says: "Missouri became a state
on Wednesday, July 19. 1S20." On
that day the constitution went into
effect. It was accepted without ques
tion by the entire population. The
regular territorial election, if Mis
souri had not been a state, would have
been held under the former law on
the first Monday of August. It was
not held. On the fourth Monday of
August, 1S20, the state of Missouri
elected a full complement of state of
ficers. After that time the business
was carried on as that of a state.
When, a year later, on the tenth day
of August, 1821, President Monroe
issued the belated proclamation that
Missouri was a state in the Union, it
did not cause a ripple of excitement
CITY AND CAMPUS
"Miss A. Gentry returned to Kansas
City today after visiting Mrs. Mar
Misses Helen and Mabel Vanatta
went to Vandalia today to visit their
Mr. and Mrs. L. P. Zeigler, who
have been visiting for the last ten
days at the home of Mr. and Mrs. A.
C. Zeigler, returned to their homo in
II. W. Atkinson, secretary to Dean
Jones, and J. A. Comer went to Kan
sas' City today for a two weeks' visit.
George Kohrs has gone to Kansas
City to visit friends.
A. 0. Blackmore went to Centralla
today on business.
It. Dorste left for Moberly today
Tevis Groves returned to Lexing
ton today after visiting for several
days at the Sigma Alpha Epsilon
Misses Bernice O'Brien and Emile
Ames returned to St. Louis today
after visiting Mr. and Mrs.
Miss Bertha Laurence left for Paris
today on business.
Mrs. Curtis Robnett went to Glas
gow today to visit relatives.
Mrs. Mary Roberts went to Renich
today to visit relatives.
Mr. and Mrs. M. A. Lindsey left fr
Colorado Springs today for a two
Mrs. Arley Lake and children of
Spaulding Springs, who have been
visiting relatives here, went to Shel
bina today to visit relatives.
E. G. Sublette and L. J. Dulle went
to Centralia today on business.
J. W. Ellis and R. T. Finley went
to .Moberly on business today.
Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Dunning re
turned to St. Joseph today after vis
iting relatives here.
J. G. Xorris returned to St. Joseph
today after visiting relatives here.
G. P. Bauer and C. L. O'Brien left
for Centralia today on business.
Mrs. Alex Bradford went to Colo
rado Springs today for a month's va
cation. Robert T. Steele of Mobile, Ala., is
the guest of John O. Steele at the
Sigma Xu house.
Miss Ellen M. Anderson, principal
of the school for nurses at the Uni
versity, has returned from Paxton.
111., where she spent her vacation.
Miss Mae LIvesy, graduate of the
school for nurses at the University,
is visiting here.
Miss Mary Robinson of the agricul
tural extension service returned yes
terday from giving lectures and exhib
its at Smithdon and before the South
east Baptist Association at Van Buren,
Dr. D. F. Luckey is spending his xa-
cation giving lectures on control of
live stock diseases in southeast Mis
P. M. Brandt of the College of Ag
riculture Is writing to farmers' clubs
and getting the names of prospective
students. He will send literature to
D. C. Wood of the agricultural ex
tension service is visiting at Rolla and
PRESBYTERIANS TO MEET SOON
Eighth Annual Assembly to Be Held
at Hollister August 3-12.
lly United Vres.it
FULTON, Mo., Aug. 1. Plans are
practically completed for the eighth
annual Presbyterian Assembly which
opens at Hollister, August 3, contin
uing until August 12. Miss Gertrude
Dubbs of St. Louis, will be one of the
principal speakers. Hollister was
chosen because many of the delegates
wish to spend their vacations in the
Dean Williams to Speak in Fulton.
Dean Walter Williams has accepted
an invitation to address the two Pres
byterian synods of Missouri, Northern
and Southern, at their joint session in
Fulton in October.
In order to get their grades for the
Summer Session regular students
should file their student cards in a
self-addressed stamped envelope in
this office. Others students may ob
tain their grades by leaving a self
addressed stamped envelope in this
101 Academic Hall Registrar.
AT FULL VALUE
General Assembly Has Cre
ated Special Commission
to Enforce Law.
RATE TO BE LOWER
Object Is to Get More Reve
nue and Secure Uniform
"If you have $100, you will be as
sessed at $100." says P. H. Sapp, Boone
County assessor, who attended the
convention of assessors at Jefferson
City, July 12. "It has been the law
to assess all property at its face value
for more than twenty years, and now
the General Assembly has created a
special tax commission to enforce the
The order of the State Tax Commis
sion will increase the assessed valua
tion of Missouri to more than twice
the present amount, according to As
sessor Sapp. The order applies to
both real and personal property. .Mon
ey has been assessed at 50 per cent
of its real value, and land at a much
lower per cent. The average assessed
valuation of farm land in Boone Coun
ty is $10.27 an acre.
That the enforcement of this law
may not be a burden to the state, the
tax levies of the county courts will be
decreased inversely in such propor
tion that the total amount of taxes
collected in the state will not exceed
the amount collected before the as
sessed valuation was raised. The to
tal tax of a citizen of Columbia last
year was $3.43. On the new valuation
this levy will be reduced to about
$1.72, provided the Columbia school
tax, which is $1.25, is reduced in the
same proportion as those which are
levied by the county and city officials.
No Reduction in Stale Tax Till 1919.
The total tax of a citizen of the
county last year was 93 cents plus the
amount of school taxes in his partic
ular district. This amount also will
undergo a proportionate reduction.
One important exception will apply in
botli these cases. The state tax is 18
cents. This cannot be reduced until
the assembly meets in 1919. There
fore, there will be no reduction in the
levy for state taxes the first year,
since these are paid in the fall of 1918.
This will Increase the state taxes to
double what they were before before
raising the valuation of property, and
do something to help the state out of
its weak financial condition. It will
to possible for the Assembly to re
duce the levy after the first year, and
it probably will be done.
The only exception to raising the
assessed valuation this present assess
ment is in the case of merchandise.
Merchants pay their taxes the year
they arc assessed. They will be as
sessed as usual this year, so there will
be no imposition on them. The as
sessor and his assistants are assess
ing now at 100 per cent, but no one
will have to pay taxes on this assess
ment until the fall of 1918, after the
county court has reduced the rate.
Will Result in Uniform Assessment.
The two main objects of enforcing
the tax law are, to get more money
the first year to run the state on, and
to secure a more uniform assessment
on all kinds of property over the
state. As it is now, Boone County
land is assessed at $10.27 an acre.
Some of the neighboring counties with
the same kind of land assess as low as
$7 an acre. This is unfair to the
counties that are valued high, and the
matter of valuation has been solely
ltKIXG YOUK SHOES TO
They have the best equipped shoe
repair department In the city.
2 .s. Ninth l'hone
A manufacturing concern has
recently opened a branch office
in this city. Wc desire -a live
wire representative to have ex
clusive field here.
FULLER BRUSH CO.
411 Guitar Building
10 room, Modern House
601 S. Sixth St. Posses
sion at once. See Clin
Columbia Insurance and
In the, hands- of the assessor. Under
the new law all land will be asaeised
at what It is worth.
This law was at one time enforced
In the state, but when the State Board
of Equalization reviewed the assess
ments they often cut down the valua
tion, because they could not cut down
the levy. This was done year after
year until no assessor thought of as
sessing at full value.
Mr. Sapp says It is the belief of most
of the assessors that taxes can be
raised a little under the new order
without much objection from the tax
payers, because of the psychological
habit of associating the levy with the
amount of taxes paid.
BRITISH ARMY NOW ON T0l
Force That Kaiser Sneered at In 1911
Took Its Medicine and Won.
Hy United 1'ress
WITH THE BRITISH ARMIES IX
THE FIELD, Aug. 1. Today Great
Britain is on top. At the close of the
third year of the war the British bull
dog is no longer on the bottom. The
"contemptible little army" which the
Kaiser sneered at in 1914 has taken
its medicine and, despite the hammer
ing it has received, now has Crown
Prince Rupprecht's men rather more
The first year of the fight the small
new army recruited by Lord Kitchen
er, to take the place of the first hun
dred thousand of the Regular Army,
simply caught "Hail Columbia." But
though their heads were bloodied,
they held their own. The second year
saw more troops, more guns, more am
munition, but even as late as Loos the
Prussian was too strong for the new
British army, still lacking as it was
in all the machinery of war.
But, at the beginning of the third
year, England had caught up. For
the first time since Armageddon began
the British army faced the enemy on
fairly equal footing. There were plen
ty of men and plenty of machinery
and with these in hand Sir Douglas
Haig, in July, 191G, began the battle
of the Somme. The third year of the
war has seen the British get the up
perhand. They do not claim that
Prussia's power is broken, but they
do claim to have taken the enemy's
measure, won the initiative and made
a telling punch for victory.
National Livestock Market.
NATIONAL STOCK YAltUS. EAST ST.
LOUIS. III., Aiitf. 1. 1917. The livestock
market for today was as follows:
Cattle receipt- O.r.00 Including 400 Tex
ans. Market steady.
Native beef steers, $7-V(!i$13rrf.
Yearling steers and heifers, ?s..WQ$13.50.
Stockers and feeders, ?fi.(K)Q$9.50.
Calves. $0.00(0 $1.1.00.
Texas steers. $.Y.r.0iiJ9.50.
Cons and heifers. S4.2T.QS9.0O.
Hog receipts ..V10. Market stearty.
Mixed and butcher. $lS..1O$18.0O.
Cood and heavy. S13.V331600.
Sheep receipts :s.000. Markwt ttJy.
RIOT INVESTIGATION STILL ON
Grind Jury Probing Lead District
Trouble Continues Work.
Bj United Prejj
BONNE TERRE, Mo., Aug. 1. Al
though scores of witnesses have been
examined the grand jury, in session
here to determine responsibility for
the recent race rioting in the Flat
River, Desloge and Bonne Terre lead
mining districts will be in session at
least a week longer, it was stated to
day. Prosecuting attorney Matthews
of St. Francois County, in in charge of
Many suspects, believed to have had
a part in the rioting which resulted in
forcing hundreds of Russian, Italian
and Austrian laborers to leave the dis
trict, have fled, since the investigation
Journalism Graduate (lets Scholarship
Fred Keller of Jonesboro, Ark.,
who was graduated from the School of
Journalism of the University in 1915,
has been awarded the Southwestern
Fellowship in New York University
for 1917-18. .Mr. Keller was principal
of the Tyronza, Ark., public schools
during the last school year.
Half Cent s Word ft Day.
LOST AND FOUND
LOST: Orecn silk parasol. Leave at
APARTMENTS FOR RENT
UOK KKNT: Modern 0-rooni apartment,
sleeping porch, tno private entrances.
Tno blocks from Itroadway. one-half
block from West Campus, l'hone STiO
BOOMS FOE BENT
ron ItUN'T: 2 furnished rooms, with or
without kitchen. 1'rlvate bath. All on
second lloor. HOC Kast Broadway.
l'OU KENT: Seven-room modern Iioum
and garage, one block south of West Cam
pus. .'.OS Turner. T-2S3
FOR SALi:: Nice looking flve-passeng.-r
? t it ilitt L'ltr ii t fri trwil iviti ! I tlikii full
.wiiiIiitumI ivttli "t.ntr.V H"lirc ttirfor fit '
run S.WK) mile. lnr sate at ?o(K. This Is
a bargain. Phone 1111, Columbia, M.
WANTED: To rent, by Sept. 1. a small
house, or two or three rooms, unfurnished
or partly furnNlied on lower lloor for light
housekeeping. OH at MNsouri.ui olTlce.
ii usi tr
Ice Tea Spoons, Per Set
$1.50 to $10.00
NECJRO 10S YEARS OLD DIES
Former Slave of J. L. Stephens' Grand
father, Has Many Descendants.
Lucy Ann Marshall, formerly a
slave, 10S years old, and perhaps the
oldest person in the State, died at her
home here Monday evening. She lived
near the M. K. & T. station.
During slave times Lucy Ann be
longed to James Vanlandingham,
grandfather of J. L. Stephens of this
city. Later she lived for years with
Alexander Stephens. Lucy Ann had
seventeen children. All but four are
still living. She nas grandchildren,
great grandchildren and great great
Aunt Lucy worked almost up to the
time of her death, doing light duties
about the house. A few years
ago she noticed that a few new teeth
were developing, which at the time
of her death, were well developed.
11 pounds for $1.00
Domino Sugar, 25 lbs. $2.25
Flour, 25 lbs $1.G0
Flour, SO lbs. $3.20
Dried Peaches, lb. 12c
C Burs Soap 25c
:0c Ripe Olhes 30c
Corn Flakes .., 10c
Jello, 3 for 23c
10c Raisins 81-3c
20c can Peaches 15c
3 lli. can Hominy 10c
25c llershey Cocoa 20c
50 Hi. can of Lard, lb. 23c
10 lbs Lard $i50
25c Sanlflnsh 20c
7c Matches 05c
Spring chicken, lb 25c
STUDENT COUNTRY CLUB
The University Military Acad
emy building will be opened
Sept. 1, as a rooming house for
forty University students.
It is located in an elevated
park of ten acres, four blocks
west of the University, along
The rooms are furnished. Tho
equipments are modern steam
heat, electric lights, hot and cold
water, perfect drainage and ven
tilation. Terms are moderate.
J. B. WELCH,
100 Stewart Road.