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MERCHANTS M HIT
Uncertainty of Manufacture
and Distribution Upsets
' SHOW TAX IS FIXED
Movies to Be 11 and 17
Cents Confectioners Hurt
by Sugar Measure.
Columbia merchants in all branches
of the retail trade are beginning to
feel the pinch of war measures and
conditions. In some instances govern
ment conservation measures are
rtfrentu- resDonslble for the upset, but
in the majority of cases it is brought
about by the unsettled conditions 01
manufacture, transportation and un
certainty of business in general,
brought about by the war.
Probably the most general com
plaint of the retail merchants is that
the manufacturer and jobber or the
big trusts and combinations arc play
ing safe at the expense of the re
tailer. Local dealers say that it is
impossible to get some lines of goods
without paying in advance, which
places a great burden on the small
retailer. In some cases, the manu
facturer has cut out the production
of all lines that failed to yield large
profits. Shortage of good and delay In
shipment arc other dimcutnes mat
the merchants have to contend with.
Shipments Delayed by Ballroads.
In some cases the merchants say
that even after the goods have been
put on the station platform and a
bill of lading sent, the merchandise
is held up for weeks by wartime
transportation difficulties of the rail
roads. Concervation measures and faimnes
are also playing havoc with many re
tall industries. With the candy and
confestionry dealers, the sugar con
servation measure that has been
passed by Food Administrator Hoover
in view of the nation-wide sugar
famine. Is badly crippled. All report
that it is nearly impossible to get
sugar, sirups and candies shipped, as
the manufacturers are unable to
work at capacity because of the
government restraint. One dealer re
ceived a shipment of candy yester
day that was ordered in June. The
making of candy has been discourgaed
by the Food Administration, and laws
and restrictions are effectually cut
ting down the manufacture.
Federal Tax Added to High Prices.
The plea is general among Colum
bia merchants that they have to pay
higher prices than ever before for
their products and make a much
smaller per cent of profit. Besides
the higher prices that they have to
pay to the manufacturer and whole
saler, many are forced to pay an
additional government tax.
Some that are affected by this tax
are the jewlers, druggists, harware
dealers and tobacco merchants. Two
per cent of the billed price is charged
by the United States on all metal. Be
sides this, it was reported today by
hardware dealers that nails, fencing
and sheet metal had made an in
crease of 30 cents per hundred
pounds. Tobacco prices have been
forced up by the government tax. but
still the dealer makes a smaller per
cent of profit
The auto tax, which recently went
Into effect, besides having a direct ef
fect on the automobile dealers, will
Indirectly make the overhead ex
pense higher for those dealers who
run auto delivery trucks. Dealers
estimate that food prices have in
creased on an average of nearly 50
per cent since the beginning of the
war and drygoodsmen, clothers and
dealers in other staple lines make
their estimates at nearly the same
Theater Tickets Up 10 Per Cent.
In accordance with the policy of the
pvinri Administration to tax all
luxuries, a theater and amusement
tax will be levied beginning Novem
ber 1. Theater managers, after this
date, must collect from the purchaser
a United States tax of 10 per cent of
the admission price. The same tax
will have trrbe paid on all free passes.
This tax will not affect the theater
directly but may have some effect,
managers think, in its unwieldiness.
According to that scale, the patron
win hnvp to nav 11 cent for a 10 cent
ticket tnd 17 cents for a seat costing (
15 cents. A food production measure)
also goes into effect by the first of.
Many of the measures of the "War
Revenue Bill are still matters of dis-J
pute. The excess profit section, if
ever satisfactorily settled, may be a
great help in alleviating some of the
difficulties mentioned that the dealers
are now complaining of. Some of the
dealers think that if the big corpora
tions could be made to give over to
the covernment all excess over a
normal peacetime profit that their in
centive to grab more than their share
would be taken away and the re
tailer would get a more equitable
distribution. Not all merchants,
however, are blaming the manufactur
er, jobber and trusts. Many are
blaming their troubles to general
conditions made unavoidable by the
PLANS FOR BIG Y. 31. C. A. FUT
Orgonlxation "Will look After the
Welfare of Soldiers.
The six million prisoners of war In
the camps of Europe today, the thou
sands of Americans, in home canton
ments and abroad, and the French,
Italian and Russian soldiers repre
sent the fields to which the Young
Mens' Chirstian Association desires to
send trained men to assist in their
social and physical welfare. The
campaign for monye to aid these men
Is nation-wide, and every state is
organizing to- raise funds. Missouri
has been divided into twenty-two dis
tricts. Twenty-one of them consist
of counties, and 'the other one covers
all of the colleges.
Boone County with Callaway, Au
drian, Osage, Maries, Cole, Miller and
Moniteau constitute district No. S.
Judge David Harris of Fulton, chair
man, and Hugh Stephens of Jefferson
City, secretary and campaign man
ager, have charge of the organization
work with the district headquarters in
Jefferson City. This committee has
called a general meeting of delegates
for Sunday, November 2 in Jefferson
City. C. G. Lord will be the chief
speaker at this meeting. A special
committee composed of N. T. Gentry,
Dr. A. W. Taylor, J. T. Mitchell, E.
W. Stephens anwd JJr. J. P. Cole will
obtain a representative attendance
from Boone County. The state com
mittee conducting the campaign of
district 22 is, Dr. P. F. Trowbridgei of
Columbia, chairman; Dean Klrkens
Iager of Columbia, secretary and cam
The plan for the campaign in the
colleges has been made. The com
mittee selected to promote the work
in the University Is composed of Dean
Eldon R. James; President A. Ross
Hill, M. F. Miller, Nathan Scarritt and
Dorothy Worrell. The college cam
paign will be opened formally Novem
I- 0. ENROLLMENT
DBOPS jZPEB CENT
Schools of Medicine and
Business Only Two Which
50 PER CENT IN LAW
START "BIG SISTER" FLAX
.Members of Alpha Phi Sigma Are
Responsible for yen Students.
The Alpha Phi Sigma sorority, at its
meeting yesterday afternoon, decided
to start a "big sister" movement
among the members, in which it will
be the duty of every member to be
come responsible for two or three
freshmen or new girls. In this way
new students will have a "big sister"
who will see that she joins in all the
student meetings and activities.
Jhe members are trying particularly
to get the freshmen out to the
"mixer" at 4:15 o'clock Friday after
noon in the ladies' parlors in Aca
demic Hall. The list of seniors and
the girls that they the responsible
for will be posted by Friday on the
bulletin board in the ladle's parlors.
Names Jof new girls who pre not
freshmen will be posted later. The
object of the movement is to get up
more "pep" among students, and so to
boost the University.
Only Half of Last Year's Stu
dents in This Branch,
A falling off of twenty-two per cent
in the enrollment of the University of
Missouri was officially announced at
the office of President A. Ross Hill
this morning. While two department,
those of Medicine and Business and
Public Administration have increased,
the latter department quite notice
ably, all other branches have fallen off
to considerable extents. The largest
decrease in enrollment is noticeable in
the School of Law which has only 50
per cent of the number of students as
did last year's school.
The biggest decrease, as was ex
pected, is in the number of men stu
dents enrolled, the total registration
showing that 73 per cent of thgnum-
ber of men arc attending this year as
did last j ear. Women's registration
figures show that there are 89 per cent
of .the girls here this year as were
here last year.
The figures as announced today by
President Hill follow:
Enrollment by Divisions.
Law 50 per cent.
Agriculture CG per cent.
Graduate 69 per cent.
Journalism 73 per cent.
Mines and Metallurgy 75 per cent.
Education 7S per cent.
Arts and Science 82 per cent.
Engineering 87 per cent.
Medicine 103 per cent.
Business, eta 1G1 per cent.
APPLE CHOPS MOST VALUABLE
Well-Xanaged Orchards Yield Great
est. Profits of Missouri Crops.
niirine recent vears the University
of Missouri College of Agriculture at
Columbia in co-operation wun a num
ber of practical orchardists has been
carrvlne on demonstration experi
ments in the- value of spraying, prun
ing onH thr sreneral renovating oi
neirior-tpri nrrhardn in Missouri.
The results of these demonstraUons
show that apple orchards well man
aged may be made to yield the larg
eat nrnfits of all Missouri farm crops.
on the other hand neglected orchards
In the same neighborhood naraiy
yielded interest on the valuaUon of the
During 1917 the results of proper
spraying and pruning have shown
larger profit than in any previous
vear. During the last year neglected
orchards have set very little or no
fnrit. The little furit which has set
here and there was, for the most, part
ASK WOMEN'S AID
Dancing lessons given private or
class. Phone 620 or 604. P-59
Housewives Can Conserve by
Ordering in Quantities and
Carrying Small Parcels.
The National Council of Defense
has made a special appeal- to the Re
tail Merchants' Association of Colum
bia to help in the national movement
of conservation by cutting down de
In order to make this possible the
housewife must co-operate with the
dealer to make fewer deliveries pos
sible. This can be done by ordering
in larger quantities and by carrying
all packages of under $1 In value.
If the merchants can materially re
duce the cost of their deliveries it
will tend to prevent the raising of
small, wormy and of low market
quality. Orchards properly sprayed
and pruned during the last two or
three years have,set any where from
a fair up to a heavy crop of fruit The
quality of apples on well managed
orchards this year has been the best
produced in Missouri in recent years.
Orchards properly sprayed and
well managed have yielded any "where
from $100 up to several hundred dol
lars per acre, net. Neglected orchards
In the same neighborhood have yield
ed anywhere from nothing ,up to $18
to $20 per acre, hardly enough, to pay
interest on the valuation of the land
and the expense of growing the
Some orchardists have hesitated to
assume the expense of equipping for
spraying, and of employing me laoor
necessary to properly prune the
orchard. There is a fear that should
the crop fall the orchardists would
not be In position to pay for his
spraying outfit and his. -spraying
Many Missouri orchardists com-
Housewives can help the merchants
by ordering in large quantities and i
carrying all parcels of under $1 in
SELF FILLING PEN
THE PEN THAT MAKES WRITING A PLEASURE'
You Will Need an Overcoat at the
fflA warm new Overcoat will help you en
joy the contest The best selection for style,
appearance and materials is worn by the man
or young man who chooses his apparel at
fiNew Fall Suits, of attractive, serviceable cloth and
distinctive cut, are here in wide price ranges. The S&B
specifications are in evidence.
plained last sprint: that the ninT
Weather and cold nights during the
Diossunmus penoa prevented the,
bloom from setting fruit, or killed set
fruit on frosty nights. The killing
was due almost entirely to the fact
blossoms were weak, in most of the
properly managed orchards, at lease a
fair crop of fruit set and matured to
fine condition, due to the fact that
trees kept healthy can usually set
fruit even during trying weather.
Home Economics Workers to Meet m
The United States Department 0T K
Agriculture ana tne extension com
mittee of the National Association of
Agricultural College have called a
national conference of home ecrmn.
mics workers November 9 to 13 at
Washington, D. C. Miss Bab Bell and
Miss Sarah Pettit of the argicultural
extension service will attend the
conference. The Federal Department
regards the conference of sufficient
importance to Justify paying the
traveling expenses of state workers
out of federal funds.
To be fashionably dressed you must make over your
last year's clothes. Let us help you change them
into the season's most beautiful garments.
ALL KINDS OF CUT FLOWERS
Columbia Floral Company
PHONE 920 WEST BLVD. AND ASH ST.
We will transform you into a Kiddie again
by dressing your hair down your back in
Curls or Bobbed with a ribbon on top.
Don't Be Disappointed
Order your Ginger Bread,
Pumpkin Pies and Dough
nuts for Hallowe'en occa
sions 24 hours in advance.
We make a specialty of
everything; in the baking
SPECIAL STUDENT OFFER
Opportunity to purchase standard typewriterat student rate
HOW TO ORDER A MACHINE
This company mates a specialty
of selling typewriters and supplies
direct to students, and Is In a po
sition to furnish just what he wishes
at lowest consistent prices.
That the student may be perfectly
satisfied with the make and model
of machine he purchases, we will
exchange any machine within 6
months of date purchased without
charge. For example, If he orders
a Remington, and later decides on
a Monarch or Underwood, or nny
other make, we will gladly make the
In ordering, specify make and
model desired. Send deposit of
$10, upon receipt of which we will
ship the machine, and after satis
factory Inspection, send ns the bal
ance of price. If unsatisfactory, de
posit will be refunded, or typewriter
exchanged, as requested.
All Machines Folly Guaranteed.
UNIVERSITY TYPEWRITES CO..
WASHINGTON, D. C.
LATEST MODEL NUMBERS
No. 10 Remingtons
No. 4-5 Underwoods
No. 2-3 Monarchs
' No. 2 L. a Smiths
No. 10 Smith Premiers, etc.
Special Student 9A Kl
. . p '
the following at
We also offer
No. 3-5 Olivers t.OA C
No. 1-2 Royals W.OV
Those desiring an Inexpensive, yet
serviceable and reliable machine,
should consider the following. Invis
No. 0-7 Remingtons CIlCCi
No. 2-4 Smith Premiers -f'O"
We furnish Instruction and prac
tice books with each machine.
Any style of type, special key
board or length of carriage without
2460 Ontario Road, ntr.
If your glasses are net comfortably, thay have not beenprop-
L "j U my ta'tin canoes. I emphaiize tne
methods of glass making, and service here at yeur command
Best equipped office and grinding plant in the county.
Dr. Virgil Blakemore,
Poat-Graduate in Optometry. 302 Exchange Bank Bldg.