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SDXDAY MORNING MISSOUBIAy, DECEMBER 9, 1917.
TELL HOW THEY SAVE
Columbia housewives have found
numerous ways to save wheat, meat,
fats and sugar since they signed the
food pledge. Some did not wait until
the Government had taken a hand in
the food problem, but started con
serving when the United States en
tered the war. The Evening Mls
sourian has interviewed a number of
Columbia women to find out Just what
recipes they are using. These women
are using corn meal and rye flour in
place of wheat, vegetables in place of
meat and using recipes which call for
little sugar and fats. The recipes
these women are using daily in their
Jlrs. J. E. Thornton When making
the Christmas fruit cake, substitute
pear preserves, chopped fine, for the
eipcnsive citron and candied orange
peel. Cherry preserves are also good
and hickory nuts will take the place
of expensive pecans and almonds.
The juice from sweet peach pickle
gives an excellent flavor to the cake
and is a good way to save left-over
juice after the pickles have been used.
A good substitute for fruit cake are
small fruit cookies, called "rocks."
In making thera use a cup of oat
meal Instead of the whole amount of
flour required makes them extremely
nutritious. The recipe for them fol
VA cups flour
1 cup oatmeal
1 cup sugar
1 cup chopped raisins
1 teaspoon soda dissolved in a little
1 teaspoon nutmeg
1 teaspoon cinnamon
When mixed thoroughly this makes
a stiff dough that may be dipped up
with a spoon and dropped in a well
greased pan. Bake in a hot oven.
These will keep fresh indefinitely
nhen placed in a tin box.
For the average family a whole can
of any kind of vegetables is more
than enough. So when preparing
two vegetables for a meal, say, snap
beans and peas, save a little from
each can and use them combined in
a salad for another meal; mix with
some chopped pickles and serve
either with mayonnaise or an oil
dressing. Also, when preparing
boiled or escalloped cabbage, save
some out to make cabbage salad as
left-over cooked cabbage can seldom
be used to advantage.
For those who do not like baked
beans, if they will try cooking them
with some sorghum they will find
them a very tempting dish.
Left-over vegetables may be used
in soup, and the water In which they
are boiled should be saved for soup
stock. This stock with an onion and
a teacup of rice and some milk to
make it thicker makes i soup at a
Scraps of bread should be saved,
ground and put away in jars for mak
ing croquettes, bread pudding, baked
hash and various other dishes.
The various kinds of war bread
can be made into the daintiest kinds
of sandwiches. A conserve made of
equal parts of figs, dates" and raisins
cooked down with a little lemon
makes a good spread for any bread
made of coarse flour.
For hot drinks, chocolate that
comes in cakes will go much farther
than the ordinary cocoa. Dissolve it
in a little warm water before putting
in the milk to prevent it becoming
Mrs. !. L. Gar, 515 South Sixth
street I save about ?3 worth of meat
on meatless days and 50 cents' worth
of wheat bread on wheatless days.
Other sweets are substituted for
sugar as much as possible. This
means a saving of from 50 cents to
Jl worth of sugar each week.
Miss Eva Johnston Rice wafer Is
an excellent thickening for gravies
and liquids in which vegetables, such
is peas, are cooked and make excel
lent material for cream soup. For
dinner I make potatoes take the
place of bread and for lunch use rye
bread in place of wheat bread.
Furthermore, I don't believe in
cooking a certain amount of food and
serving it all at once. There is a
great deal of waste in this method
and I believe it is better to prepare
only a small portion. Just enough to
As for fuel, I am very careful to
see that the temperature of my home
docs nnt pn nr 70 degrees. I am
conserving of light, too, as I turn off
the lights as I go from one room to
Miss Hattle Bond, 1416 Rosemary
lane I have found that I can save
much sugar by substituting corn
sirup and by using less sugar, when
ever possible, than the recipe calls
tor. Fortunately, my family Hkes
corn bread and we usually have it
twice a day. This means a saving of
considerable wheat for our soldiers.
During the entire Thanksgiving, hol
Uays I served no red meat, but used
chicken, turkey, tunafish and salmon.
Mrs. J. B. Boss, 104 Glenwood ave
nueWe observe meatless days not
only once, but four or five times a
week. With the proper substitutes
my family does not miss the meat at
all. I find cheese one of the things
most satisfactorily used in the place
I try to be careful not to use any
of the things we have been asked not
to use, and I do not find it difficult.
Because there are so many substi
tutes for the things we are trying to
Mrs. H. TT. Smith, 125 Stewart
road We observe the wheatless day.
We use pancakes for breakfast.
However, beef is more easily saved
than wheat, as wheat is required in
many dishes one cooks and is abso
Chicken occupied the place of hon
or at the Sunday meals instead of
beef or pork. We believe that substi
tutions, such as chicken or fish, may
easily be made for beef; but wheat,
on the other hand, cannot be easily
dispensed with because it is used in
so many articles of food.
Mrs. IV. II. Brown, HOG Paquin ave
nue In recipes calling for eggs, I
use an additional spoonful of baking
powder and one less egg. Where I
formerly bought meat for lunch and
dinner and had scraps from both left,
I now get, say, a roast for lunch, and
for dinner serves the pieces left in
omelets, croquettes, hash, meat pies
or meat loaves. I use oleomargarine
Instead of butter for seasoning, find
ing no difference in the taste.
Mr. Brown intends to use slack as
a part substitute for coal. Others
use it to bank the furnace. It does
not burn out so quickly as good coal
and keeps well if put over a good
Mi. T. 1). Scudder, 1115 University
avenue More meat may be saved by
cutting it in uniform pieces and
watching continually the number of
persons who will be on hand for
each meal than by having a meatless
Tuesday. I find that I can save by
buying beer by the quarter and pork
by the half and to cut the meat from
day to day. I have also found this
recipe for graham muffins to be good
to save wheat: Three pints butter
milk, 1 teaspoon soda, 1 heaping tea
spoon of baking powder, lard the
size of a hen's egg, 1 egg, sugar to
suit the taste, with enough flour to
form a stiff batter in proportions of
two-thirds brown and one-third white.
Mrs. I- 31. Defoe, 810 Virginia ave
nue When cake is necessary, little
sugar is used in a fruit cake sweet
ened with one cup of sugar and one
cup of molasses. This kind of cake
does not require Icing. For sweeten
ing stewed fruits, fruit pies, rolls or
puddings, corn sirup adequately
takes the place of sugar. Mixing
suet with lard, crisco or cooking fat
is a means of saving fats for shorten
ing. Mrs. It. J. Cassidj", 1114 Paquin
avenue, a mother of eight children
There are many ways which we have
saved in our home. We mend, darn
and make over our old clothes. Stock
ings are high now and must by all
means be darned in order to econo
mize. The clothes of older children
which have been outgrown are made
over for the smaller ones. We save
the table linens by darning small
worn places before they are beyond
repair. We have made the sheets to
wear considerably longer by split
ting the center and sewing up the
sides for the center and hemming the
new edges. We have also made the
rugs to wear longer by constantly
changing their position on the floor.
We are serving meats only twice
a week, using milk and butter as
substitutes. We keep our own cow
and make our own butter.
Mrs. Gussie Smith, chaperon at the
Which should be of interest
Nothing compares with Jew
elry as a treasured gift.
For a really large assortment
of gifts come to
You must have your sitting
before December 15 for
Make that appointment now
' Across from Penn's
Phi Delta Theta house I am drying
the end crusts of bread which were
formerly wasted, grinding them into
a fine meal and making this into muf
fins. And they are good, too. Tues
day is meatless day and I sometimes
have soup to take its place or pre
pare some fish instead. 'On Wednes
day I have corn bread, graham bread
and other wheat flour substitutes. I
am making my cakes without icing
now. I also make the eggs go fur
ther. The scraps of bread which are left
over I make into dressing. Scraps of
meat are made into meat loaf, cro
quettes, or mixed with rice, potatoes
and bread crumbs..
When I serve dessert I have only
one vegetable to balance the expense.
Often instead of dessert I serve bis
cuits and honey and this helps in
saving butter as well as sugar.
TO HAVE OIHfAX RECITAL
Dr. Hermann Alrasledt Has Charge of
Program at Calvary Vesper Service.
Dr. Hermann Almstedt, assisted by
Miss Myrtle Parker, soprano, and
Glenwood Spurling, cellist, will give
a vesper organ recital at 4 o'clock
this afternoon at the Calvary Episco
pal Church, under the auspices of
the St. Mary's Guild. A silver offer
ing will be taken for the benefit of
the organ fund. The program fol
lows: 1. Fantaisle Symphonique
Rossetter G. Cole
Berceuse (from "Jocelyn").
Wild Rose Edward MacDoweU
La Cinquantaine.. Gabriel-Marie
Vater unser im Himmelreich
Pastorale G. Merkel
Andante (from 6, organ sonata)
Thou wilt keep him in perfect
peace Oley Speaks
I mourn as a dove J. Benedict
O Divine Redeemer (cello obli-
Prayer and Cradle Song.
Gordon Balch Nevin
Andantino Edwin Lemare
Marche aux Flambeaux
Offers Tip to Knitters.
Inasmuch as knitting Is now the
rage, allow me to suggest a fact not
generally known, says E. P. McCaslin
in the Indianapolis News. There is
something about knitting that the
Americans have not learned. Some
eight or ten years ago I was building
a house for a man of German birth.
This man could knit and he gave me
an exhibition of his skill. He could
cover the circuit of a stocking or
sleeve in much less than half the
time consumed by any woman I ever
saw do the stunt. It was not "dex
terity" on his part, but "method." He
Ihrew the loop with the thumb instead
of the forefinger. If he is still living,
and I think he is, his services should
be obtained for teaching knitting
classes in the interest of efficiency.
Christian College Closes December 14,
Christian College will clOBe for the
holidavs Friday. December 14, at 10
oVlock and reonens January 4. Prac-
ticaliy all of the faculty and students
will leave for tne vacation, xne an-
nual farewell dinner will be given
The Most Personal Gift
Is a Watch
It has a face. It has a voice.
It has hands and it works
just as we must all do in the ser
.vice of our country.
We have a Special Radiolite
Wrist Watch just the gift for
your soldier sweetheart or
To insure the gift you desire
A MAS SB ft AfT fa J9 sitmi
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Hundreds will be made happy this g
week by the receipt of a Christmas
Whether You Receive One or Not
Why not enroll in our
Christmas Saving Club
for 1918 -. S
The first deposit makes you. a
member no fees, no fines no
red tape. A deposit of a few cents
each week keeps up the payments.
You can easily spare the amounts.
We also have plenty of new money on hand
for our friends and customers.
Exchange National Bank '
"The Bank of Courtesy"
ljujc cui ty
Goetz & Lindsey
"TAe Diamond Firm Name"