Newspaper Page Text
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COLUMBIA, MISSOURI, TUESDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 18, 1917.
3 000 JOIN IN FIRST
'i CROSS HE
Tjaf of Boone County's
Quota Assured on First
Days of Week!
AND MORE IN SIGHT
Columbia Has 2,225 Mem
bersRed Cross Flags Ap
pear in Business Houses.
Approximately 3.000 person made
application for membership on the
Red Cross Sunday and Volunteer Mon
day, according to an announcement
j,r br- Is'dr Loeb, Boone County
manager for the American Red Cross
Christmas 31embershlp Campaign. A
strong effort will be made during the
remainder of the campaign to bring
the total up to 6,000, the quota as
signed to Boone uouniy.
Iii some cases memberships were
xken for every member of the house
hold. Mount Pleasant Church took a
membership for one of Us Sunday
School students, who is now in the
Army, and plans to do the same for
each member as he enlists. Many
business houses in Columbia took
memberships for all of their em
ployes and are displaying large
service flafcs. A special effort will be
made the latter part of this week to
enroll those business firms that have
not as yet subscribed.
The campaign committee requests
that every person or business house
belonging to the Red Cross display a
service flag. It Is hoped to have one
placed In practically every home In
the city. A meeting was held late
this afternoon to decide upon a plan
for a house to house canvass.
The memberships taken so far are
Bethlehem Church, 20; Palrview
Church, 43; Mount Pleasant Church,
32; Friendship Christian Church, 7;
Huntsdale, 63; Shaw. 40; Woodland
ville. 44: Harg. 20; Deer Park. 20;
Ashland, 50; Hallsvllle, 77; Roche
port. 74; Centralia, ISO; Harrisburg,
no report; Hartsburg, no report;
Sturgeon, 40; Total 710.
Memberships in Columbia: . Sunday
meeting, 600; University High School,
students 415; Columbia High School
students. 45C: University students.
160; University faculty, 250; Other
sources. 350; Total 2225.
Total for Boone County 2935.
The work of canvassing is still be
ing carried on in country schools and
in towns Outside of Columbia. Sub
scriptions are -still coming in from
members of the University faculty
and it is believed that the total num
ber from this source will exceed 300.
"In every place where Monday was
made volunteer day, enrollment in
the Red Cross was big, "said E. Syd
ney Stephens today. "Although we
hae not heard from all the counties
jet. we estimate from reports that
volunteer Monday enrolled 10.000 in
the sixth district, one-third of Its
quota of 30,000." In Mexico 1,400
persons joined the Red Cross; in Jef
ferson City, 1.421. and In Vandana
Plans to cam ass Columbia Thurs
day were made at a meeting this
afternoon at the Commercial Club of
the executive committee of the cam
paign. The city was divided into
districts and committees appointed to
Women were stationed in twelve
places today to receive Red Cross
memberships, in Academic Hall, the
bank3. the Postoffice. the Guitar
Bulldinc. the Courthouse, the Daniel
Boone Tavern and the Athens Hotel.
FOOD EXPERT HERE FRIDAY
Tr. Ray Ljman Wilbur 1o Speak In
Dr. Ray Lyman Wilbur, president of
inland Stanford University, wno is
on leave of absence In the service of
the United States Food Administra
tion, will speak on the present food
situation of the world and the vital
significance of the food conservation
policies of the United States at 10
o'clock next Friday morning.
Dean F. B. Mumford lias sent let
ters to all ministers of Columbia, to
the members of the University facul
ty, the members of the different
"omen's clubs and to the presidents
ot Stephens and Chris'tian colleges
nrging them to be present. Dean
Mumford says that Doctor Wilbur is
an authority on tho food situation
and his talk will be of interest to
Doctor Wilbur will bold a special
conformm nn fnnri conservation in
ihn AtT-tni,,T,l Anrlitnrilim at 21
o'clock Friday afternoon. At Ibis I
time opportunity will be given to ask
questi-ns of Doctor Wilbur to ob
tain a more intimate knowledge of
the purposes and policies of the
United State Food Administration.
Her Deutsche KInb to Meet.
Der Deutsche Klub will meet at
7:15 o'clock tomorrow night In the
V. M. C. A. Auditorium. A sketch.
"Der Christabend," will be given by
members of the society. The Steph
ens College chorus will sing and a
vocal duct by two of its members
will also be given. The meeting is
open to the public.
Dec. IS Fire more aliopplnj: ilajs be
Dec 2L Friday, 4 p. m. Christmas holl-
Jan. 3.-: Thursday. 8 a. m.-Chrlstmas
Jan. 14-18. Farmer's Week.
EPISCOPAL HECTOR TO FRANCE
The Her. J. H. George Will Leave
The Rev. J. H. George, rector of the
episcopal Church, has returned from
Chicago where he has been receiving
instruction in Y. M. C. A. war "work.
He will conduct services at the church
The Reverend George has finished
his course of Instruction In Chicago
and will sail for Prance to begin his
duties with the Y. M. C. A. at the
front immediately after Christmas.
He does not know the exact nature of
his work but will be assigned fo his
duties after his arrival In France.
STAMP SALES $50(1
Reports From Other Places
- in the County Are
The Columbia Postoffice has sold
approximately $500 worth of War
Savings Certificates and thrift stamps,
the purchases ranging from 25-cent
stamps to a certificate sale ot $82.40.
The Columbia Postoffice supplies
all the other postoffices of the county
except the one at Centralia. Reports
Will Sell Baby Bonds.
Payne-Roth Grocery Co.
Hetzler Packing Co.
Estes Dry Goods Co.
L. W. Berry, Grocer.
Barth Clothing Co.
Levy Shoe Store.
Branham's Dry Goods Store.
Miller Shoe Store.
Strawn-Neate Dry Goods Store.
Parker Furniture Co.
J. E. Gillaspie, Druggist.
New York Store.
Bowling Lumber Co.
W. B. Nowell's Store, '
Estep and Co.
F. L. Limerick.
Belcher Grocery Co.
from several of these postoffices In
regard to stamps given them to sell
have not been received, so that thO
amount of the sales probably exceeds
the estimates which have been made,
The banks of the county get their
stamps from the Federal Reserve
Bank in St. Louis.
OTHER STATES WANT PAGEANT
"Tlic Progress of Liberty" by 3Iiss
N'ardm Is Popular.
"The Progress of Liberty." the pa
triotic pageant written by Miss F.
Louise Nardin of the English depart
ment of the University, is meeting
with great success in its prcsenta
tions over Missouri. The pageant
has already been given twice in Co
lumbia and in Marshall, Carrollton
and dates hate been made for Carth
age, joplin. Liberty, Versailles, Green
field, Mt. Vernon and Cape Girardeau
Four performances arc now being ar
ranged for St. Louis next spring.
Several requests for the pageant
have also been received from cities
in other states. Each production Is
by local talent. Linwood Taft, former
Instructor in the University, is help
ing in the rehearsals and directing
the pageant. The proceeds go to the
Red Cross and to the women's defense
INJURED IN FALL ON ICE
Mrs. Sarah Freeman's Arm Broken
When She Fell on Ninth Street,
Mrs. Sarah Freeman. 211 South
Ninth street, broke her arm above the
wrist last night when she slipped and
fell on the ice in front of the u. w.
Ketchum home on South Ninth street.
Mrs. Freeman was returning from
the theater and did not realize the
walk was still covered with ice.
There is a city ordinance requiring
all sidewalks to be kept clear of Ice
BOONE WHEAT YIELD 211,231
St. Louis County, Willi 90S,1GG Bnsli
els Led AH Minis.
Boone County, with a yield of 241,
234 bushels of wheat for 1917, com
pared favorably with the other coun
ties of the state.
The total yield for Missouri, as
mnnrwi 'in- Jewell Mayes, secretary
of the State Board of Agriculture,
was 27,159,872 bushels on l,i4bfc.s
nnrps. St. Louis County, with a yield
of 50S.1CG bushels. led all her rivals.
Harls-lturfir Couple to Marry.
Lloyd E. Glascock, 22 years old,
and Miss Ella Baumhoeffer. IS years
old, hoth ot Hartsburg. obtained a
marriage license this afternoon. Mr.
Glascock has enlisted in the Navy and
has been ordered to report December
27. Miss Baumhoeffer is a daughter
of Mrs. Fred Baumhoeffer.
Tno Throat Operations at Hospital,
operations for throat trouble were
performed at Parker Memorial Hospi
tal yesterday on Dean J. C. Jones and
Mrs. J. H- Coursault
Idea of Giving Will Prevail
at Special Services
CHILDREN TO SING
Service Flag Will Be Raised
, at Broadway Methodist
All the Columbia churches will have
special Christmas features next Sun
day morning. The general Idea this
year is that of giving instead ot re
ceiving, so the entertainments for 'the
young people will be different from
the usual program.
The Baptist Sunday School will
have an entertainment ot songp and
recitations by the children 'aUie reg-J
mar ouuuay oguwi num. caui
child will bring some gift of hi, own
for some poor child in Cofefebla.
Regular services with special-fcusic
by the choir will be held In the'morn
lng and evening.
The Christian Church will give en
tertainments in each department. The
primary department will have songs
and recitations by the children fol
lowed by a Christmas tree. The junior
program will include songs and reci
tations. In the senior department, a
musical program will be given,- con
sisting of selections by the Sunday
School orchestra and solo numbers.
At the regular services, morning and
evening, the choir will give special
The Sfcnday School and' choir at the
Presbyterian Church will give a joint
entertainment called "White Gifts for
The King." All members of the Sun
day School and choir will be dressed
in white uniforms, and the church
will be decorated in white. The
mnsic will consist of Christmas
carols. There will be a special of
fering for a scholarship fund for the
school or the Ozarks, to which the
Presbyterian Church regularly con
tributes. One hundred dollars is
needed for this work now, but part
of it has been raised.
The Catholic Church will have low
mass at 5 o'clock and high mass at 10
O'clock. There will be special music.
"Holy Night" will be sung by -the
choir before service, then Roscwig's
Mass. and then the offertory, "Adeste
Fidelis." by Novclo. After the sermon
benediction of the blessed sacrament
will be followed by the Te Deum.
The Methodist Church will have a
special musical program at the Sun
day School hour. Songs and recita
tions will be given by the children,
and they will have treats of nuts,
oranges and molasses candy. There
will te no gifts. During the program,
a service flag will be raised to the
memory of the men in the church who
have gone into national service.
There will be a star in the flag for
each name and under the flag will
be hung a scroll containing the list
of names, and the name of the branch
in which each lfts enlisted.
NEED W03IEN IN WAR WORK
Mr. Fairchild, ns Head of Women's.
Work In Count, Has Circulars.
Mrs. A. H. R. Fairchild, chairman
for Boone County in the Women's
Division ot the National Defense
Council, has just received a number.
of bulletins and circulars on the need
for women in war work.
One bulletin on nursing contains a
message from the General Medicine
Board calling for 20,000 trained
women ready to enter the Red Cross
Another bulletin calls for 150 tele
phone operators who have a speak
ing knowledge of both French and
English. This is an opening for stu
dents who have specialized in French
and the only additional training
necessary will be a short time, prob
ably two months, spent in a telephone
office, with the operator drawing pay
all the time.
For those women who hae taken
special work in teaching there Is a
ready opening in the work of re-educating
the handicapped soldiers
those men who have been too badly
wounded, maimed, blinded or deaf
ened in the trenches to continue their
regular occupations after the war. In
connection with this is the need for
social workers both here and abroad.
Another great need Is for women
in the clerical positions vacated all
over the country by men called Into
service. This need Is especially
great in Washington, so an appeal i
has been sent out for 1,200 clerks,
typists and bookkeepers. These posi
tions are under civil service regula
tions and the necessary examinations I
can be taken here. j
Mrs. Fairchild will be glad to an- '
swer any questions about the work
and copies of these bulletins can be I
obtained from her. She especially
urges all upper classmen to consider
this work as an opening for them to
fill when they leave school.
15-Ycar-Old Girl Is Jlarrled.
3Hss Edna 3Iay White, 15 years old,
and Elva Forbis, 24 years old, were
married this afternoon In the rest
rooms ot the Courthouse by the Rev.
G. W. Hatcher. Both live at Ashland.
CHURCHES WILL HAV
HOW BEFORE STATES
Senate Accepts House Reso
lution Must Be Ratified
in Seven Years.
SUFFRAGE IN FAVOR
Women Win in TestxVote by
House May Investigate
By Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. IS. The con
stitutional amendment for national
prohibition was today officially sub
mitted by Congress to the, states for
ratification or rejection within seven
The Senate completed the Congres
sional action by accepting the resolu
tion as passed yesterday by the
House. 47 to 8, without a roll call.
In the House yesterday all Missouri
members voted for the amendment
except Meeker, Dyer and Igoe of St.
Louis and Speaker Clark, who did not
Suffrage Wins on Test Vote.
By Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec 18. On a test
vote today to ascertain sentiment In
the House toward the woman suffrage
amendment .the suffrage supporters
polled seven more than a two-thirds
The question on referring the wom
an suffrage resolution to the new
Woman's Committee, as the suffrage
supporters wished, instead of the
Elections Committee, as the anti-suffragists
asked, is also considered fa
vorable by promoters of the resolu
tion. Would Investigate Shipping.
By Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. IS. Congres
sional Investigation of shipping con
ditions was proposed today in both
houses. Senator Harding of Ohio and
Senator Edmond of Pennsylvania of
fered resolutions, which were re
ferred to committees without action.
8 University Students Arc
Selected "for Training at
Little Rock, Ark.
The names of the forty-eight Uni
versity men who have been selected
for the Third Officers' Training Camp
at Camp Pike, Ark., as gien out this
afternoon by 3Iajor Wallace Craigie,
commandant of cadets, are:
Byron T. Johnson, J. I. Wood, 31.
Shullenbarger, P. R. Gerding, E. F.
Joyce, R. W. Hall. C. A. Brown, Oscar
Itenn, A. F. Pulliam, J. W. Newberry,
D. C. Fitch. C. W. Campbell, R. E.
Williams, 31. C. Gregory, O. W. Let
son, F. W. Yale, Jr., R. Wentworth,
Harry 3Iann, J. E. 3Iinton, W. . J.
Stoessel, P. H. Shepard, L. A. Eaton,
Jr.. -31. H. Duffield. E. R. Egger, V, S.
Beck, H. Harte, C. G. Jaeger. H. B.
Rountree, D. Chapman, Leland Rea,
Paul Hamilton, Elmer AVood, D. D.
Patterson, F. L. Hisaw, J. G. Wells,
J. II. Driggs, H. E. Nettles, E. F.
Lambrlght, It. H. Benton, Jr., John L.
Hundley, John Tilden, Otto S. Con
rades, John Crosser, E. A. 3Iartin, E.
J. Renick, W. E. 3IcDonnel and H. II.
R. G. Houston, B.S. in C.E. '11, is
also among those selected, but he Is
now doing graduate work at the Uni
versity of California and word has
not yet been received from him. He
was to make answer at Berkley.
These men are to report in person
with their notifications at Camp Pike
on or before January 5. Vacancies
made by failure to report, sickness
or non-fulfillment of the requirements
of the camp will be filled by members
of the alternate list, whose names fol
low: W. R. Blankcnship, J. S. Hornback,
J. A. II. Peck, C. C. Wynne, J. T. Bar
low, D. 31. Warren, R. P. McWilltams,
H. F. Hickman, N. MoD. Gordon, P. E.
Ronzone, J. H. Longwell, J. P. 3Io
roney, J. P. Johnson, T. F. Smith, A.
31. Sames, A. C. Jones, I. F. Nuckols,
J. II. Hatter, J. D. Feheenfeld, R. R.
Cox, a A. Irion, AV. T. Angle and C.
Used Tea Seeded in Making Jlimitions.
(Correspondence of the Associated Press)
LONDON, Dec. 1. Instructions
have been sent to all Army and Navy
canteens to save all used tea leaves,
which arc to be kept carefully in mus
lin bags and forwarded to central de
pots. The old leaes are not to be
used again In making beverage, but
arc needed in connection with muni
Enlists for Army Photographic Senlce.
Sicgel 3Iayer, B. J. '13, has enlisted
for photographic service with the U.
S. Army and is now at Fort Logan,
Colo., awarting assignment
Former Student Waiting to Be Called.
Luckett Smith, a former member of
the University gymnasium team, left
today for his home at Ottenrille after
spending a few days In Columbia. He
has been farming in Canada and is
now waiting for a call to the aviaUon
For Columbia and Vicinity: Somewhat
cloudy and unsettled thin afternoon and
tonight. Wednesday probably fair; not
much ehanice ' temperature, lowest to
night few degree above freezing.
For Missouri: Cloudy tonight. Wednes
day probably fair; not much change In
Shippers' Forecast: Within a radius of
K) miles of Columbia the lowest tempera
ture tonight will be a few degrees above
freezing In all directions.
Cold weather continues along the Atlan
tic seaboard, but in the Central Valleys,
Plains, and Rocky Mountains It continues
The United States, west of the Missis
sippi, and western Canada are free from
zero conditions; and the temperature Is
aboie the freezing point from Texas to
There lias been no precipitation of con
sequence In the winter wheat belt, but
heavy rain Is falling on the North Pacific
In Columbia the weather will be more
or less unsettled for the next two or three
days without decided temperature changes.
The highest temperature In Columbia
yeaterdjy was 41 and the lowest last nlgbt
was o.; precipitation uuu; relative hu
midity - p. m. yesterday 53 per cent. A
year ago yesterday the highest tempera
ture was :i" and the lowest 27 preeiplta
tlou 0.01 Inch.
Sun rises today, 7:23 a. in. Sun sets, 4:49
.Moon sets 8:52 a. in.
Tbe Temperature Today.
7 a. iu. -37 11 a. m... , 37
8 a. m. 37 12 m 38
D a. m 37 1 D. m 3:1
10 a. m 30 2 p. m 40
PLAN GENERAL PEACE
German and' Austrian For
eign Ministers Will Meet
By Associated Press
PETROGRAD. Dec. 18. The Ger
man and Austrian foreign ministers.
Dr. von Kuehlmann and Count
Czernin, have notified Leon Trotzky,
the Bolshevik! foreign minister, that
they will arrive at Brest-Lltovsk next
Tuesday to begin negotiations for a
general European peace.
The evening newspapers announced
that Trotzky has notified the Allied
embassies that the armistice has
reached definite results, and peace
negotiations will begin, and aks
them to participate in the conference
or state whether they wish peace or
Up to this evening the embassies
had -not received the communication
and an informal conference of the A'l-
Hed diplomats is said to have reached
no definite decision.
CHURCH TO HAVE SEKVICE FLAG
Thirty 'ames Will Be on Methodists'
A service flag and honor roll will
be placed In the aditorium of the
Broadway 3Iethodist Church next
Sunday. The names of boys who are
either members of the church or
whose parents are members will be
placed on the honor roll and a star
will be placed in the flag for each one.
It is thought that about thirty men
from the church are serving in va
rious branches of the United States
Army and Navy. Fifteen names have
already been reported and others may
be reported to 3Irs. W. T. Stephenson,
llrs. W. B. Nowell.and 3Irs. F. P.
The following names ot enlisted
men have already been reported:
Ben Walker, Frank Petty, James R.
Bryant, Ernest Bailey, Lemuel
Crouch, V. II. Drumm, Davis Elkin,
Ernest 3IcDonnell, John Nowell, By
ron Stephen, Newton Searcy, Carl
Stewart, Robert Walker, Fred R.
Deaton and Wendel Hay.
EVIOEM'E IX GAS CASE TAKEN
Company Ghen 10 Days lo Submit a
George S. Starrett, city attorney,
returned today from Jefferson City,
where he presented the evidence for
the city in the appeal of the Colum
bia Gas Company to return to Its for
mer rates. Evidence was taken by
the Public Utilities Commission on
both sides of the question.
The gas company was given ten
days to submit a written argument
presenting its claims, and then the
city will have the following ten days
to refute these arguments and pre
sent the opposite side of the case.
3Ir. Starrett is of the opinion that a
decision will not bo rendered in less
than twenty-five or thirty days.
The gas company claims that In tho
ten months since tho reduction of
rates went into effect it has made a
net profit of only 1 per cent, In
stead of a fair profit of 7 per cent
They say this Is partly because of the
reduction of rates and the Increased
I prices of oil and coke, which have
J nearly doubled.
j The elty claims that the gas com
, pany has had an increased output of
1 2,000,000 cubic feet during the ten
(months the new rates have been in
effect. This increase, the city claims,
j Is over and above the fact that the
. University used 23 per cent less gas
". .! SI A ,.. jwmrl 4flA fSI
, man ll usea iasi year, uuu uic .u-
crease has all been In the city Itself.
Student In Agriculture Joins Aary.
F. J. Schweitzer, a senior in the
College of Agriculture, enlisted in the
Navy at St Louis last Saturday. He
will return to Columbia for a few
days before going to. a training sta
tion. 3Ir. Schweitzer Is a member of
the Farm House.
Rear Admiral Harris Quits
Charles Piez, Chicago.
SHIPS ARE RUSHED
Total of 8.395.308 Dead
Weight Tons Ts Now
By Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 18. Further
re-organization of the Government
ship building organization was an
nounced today with the resignation
of Rear-Admiral Harris as general
manager of the Emergency Fleet Cor
poration and the appointment of
Charles Piez of Chicago to succeed
him. A general re-organlzatlon of
the fleet corporation will follow.
Rear-Admiral Bowles, aid to Admiral
Harris, will be, given an important
place In the new organization.
James Heyworth will take full
charge of the wooden ship construc
tion work, and Charles Day will be
come manager of the protection de
partment. Admiral Harris, upon the return of
Admiral Capps on December 1, on ac
count of ill health, was designated
general manager. Chairman Hurley
In a prepared statement said: "While
the re-organlzatlon was In progress,
he suggested to me that the Emergen
cy Fleet Corporation be moved to
Philadelphia. I suggested that. In a
matter of this kind involving policy
as well as possible legislative ap
proval, the matter would have to be
submitted to the board of trustees, as
it would in any corporation to the
board of directors.
Wanted to Spend Sum for Housing:
"Admiral Harris also wanted to
give his immediate approval to an ex
penditure of ,12,000,000 for housing
operators connected with the ship
yards. This being a departure from
the corporation's function of ship
building, I felt that the trustees
should pass upon it -Admiral Harris
then expressed his opinion that his
authority was to be limited and he
would be able to render more service
"Underlying the .reorganization,.,
which had been completed, was the de
sire to bring the fleet corporation
closer to the ship yards. 3Ir. Day,
for instance, surveyed with 3Ir. Piez,
in a personal visit of the production
committee to the ship yards, the ac
tual construction conditions and as
certained how the program could be
speeded up. 3Ir. Day then went to
England, where he made an extensive
Investigation into conditions which
prevailed In the ship yards there. The
result of his re-organization is a par
ent in all the yards. Lloyds has just
made a report which has been care
fully checked up and which shows
that there Is a better basis for op
timism than there has been at any
time since the emergency program
Ships Building Being Speeded Up.
"Conditions on the Pacific coast
hae so improved that records are be
ing broken in the speed with which
ships are being turned out The re
port to Admiral Bowles shows that
construction work is progressing as
fast as human labor can turn it out.
The plans of last 3Iay have been
translated Into hulls on the ship ways
and Into shirs on the seas.
"We are close to the point where
the results of what has been done
will be apparent to everyone," said
Admiral Bowles. The carefully
checked figures of Admiral Bowles
show 8,395.308 dead weight tons un
DINNER FOR STUDENTS DEC. 27
Cillzens Will Be Hosts to Those Here
Y. 31. C. A. Plans Parties.
The annual Christmas dinner given
by townspeople for University stu
dents who remain In Columbia during
the holidays will be given at 6 o'clock.
December 27, in the Y. 31. C. A. Build
ing. Cuthbert D. Stephenson is chair
man of the committee for arranging
Next Sunday evening, the students
who are here are invited to the Y.
31. C. A. Building to pop corn and play
games. Several other parties are be
ing arranged for the holidays, and the
Y. 31. C. A. would like to have the
names of the students who are going
to attend them.
Birds of 3fany Kinds About Columbia.
3Iembcrs of the Bird Club intend to
keep a record of the kinds of birds
they see during the Christmas holi
days. Prof. George 31. Reed esti
mates that there are more than 30
kinds of birds about Columbia in
winter. Last Tuesday W. W. Rubey
spoke before thhe club on "Winter
Birds About Columbia." At the next
meeting of the Bird Club on January
8. attracting and housing birds will'
Jinny People Pay Taxes Saturday.
Berry Jacobs, county collector,
said this morning that Saturday was
the busiest day the office has had for
a long time. People are paying their
taxes because only thirteen days re
main in which taxes can be paid with
out paying a penalty also.