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THE EVENING MISSOURIAN
COLUMBIA, MISSOURI, MONDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 24, 1917.
IN A' FOREIGN LAND
ON CHRISTMAS DAY
About 20 University Students
Spend Holidays Many
Miles From Home.
Y. M. C. A. PLAYS HOST
How the Season Is Cele
brated in Other Lands
"Boxing Day" in Britain.
About a score of students In the
University will celebrate their Christ
mas Day thousands of miles from
home home somewhere in England,
or Sweden, or sunny Hawaii or the
far East. There are seventeen for
eign countries represented by stu
dents here now. Yet one can hardly
think that they are here in spirit. Al
though impotent to Tealize their
happy dreams, in the mind's eye they
must see themselves again in the na
tive land, they must be living over
again that last Christmas at home,
surrounded by their own people, fol
lowing their own customs and enjoy
ing the festival in their own way.
Of course all the foreigners do not
celebrate Christmas Day as such.
In Japan and China the day Is ob
served only by a few Christians, but
the rest of the people have a similar
annual festival that takes p'ace about
the first of the year. So our Christ
mas trees, Santa Clauses and family
dinners do not bring reminiscences to
them, except in suggestion.
An English Christmas.
If Miss Marcia Bailey were to spend
Christmas in her London home she
would follow the same old customs
that Dickens pictured in his "Christ
mas Carol." Christmas in England
although very similar to the Ameri
can festival, Is unique in a number of
ways. Late Christmas Eve the carol
iboys walk up and down the London
streets singing old English carols,
hymns and ballads; in effect they are
heralds of the nest day Christmas
celebration. At the English Christ
mas dinner, which always comes at
night and is a state affair, the pro
erbial plum pudding vies with the
turkey for place of honor as the prin
cipal course. Just after the turkey
Is served the lights are turned off,
the shutters are closed and the pud
ding, lighted and holly-stuck and con
taining little favors Is carried In on
a large platter. '
One unusual feature of the English
Christmas season is "Boxing Day,"
December 26. On this day all the
tradesman and public servants come
to the various homes which they
serve to get boxes of presents and to
leave their own gifts for the mistress
and the house sen ants.
In the Philippines.
In the Philippine Islands Christ
mas is a very different affair. A stu
dent from there, Vicente Mercado,
says that all the celebration takes
place the night before Christmas. At
midnight Media NocHe is celebrated
a feast of relatives and friends who
come to one's home and stay until 4
o'clock In the morning. Then they
give a masque. After very early
mass, the children go to the homes of
all their relatives, kiss their hands In
greeting and receive presents. Only
children under 16 years receive any
thing. The Philippines have no
Christmas tree and do not teach the
children to 'believe in a Santa Claus.
Besides this mid-night feast they have
a laree dinner unnsimas uay ui.
which are served delicacies Imported
from various countries. The church
es are decorated with flowers and
leaves and the houses with gay lan
Christmas in Honolulu, Hawaii is a
picturesqe celebration in the. two
principal streets of the town. The
populace gathers during what is
called the "Peace Night" and holds a
sort of carnival similar to the Mardi
Gras in New Orleans. In Honolulu
they flaunt feathers, throw flowers
and confetti in all the streets.
The celebration of Christmas in
Sweden Ij a three-day affair. Miss
Signe Freestrom of Halmstad, Swe
den, says that in that country all the
fun and excitement comes on Christ
mas Eve. On noon of that day the
people make a kind of beef broth
called "doppa" and eating this at
evening supper formally starts the
season's celebration. Instead of tur
key the Swedish serve a fish known as
lut fish, which is bought dried" and is
soaked for three weeks before Christ
mas in wooa asnes. Anomer ui mo
dishes is rice cooked with a few al
monds. In the evening old and young
dance around a Christmas tree, whlcn
is usually cut by the family in the
neighboring woods. But the Swedish
tree rarely holds gay or festive pres
ents; a toy is heralded with delight
and useful things are the rule. Christ
mas Day is spent quietly, and the peo
ple always go to a candle lighted
church at 5 o'clock In the morning.
But here In Columbia things will he
different for the foreign students.
The Y. M. C. A. is planning its annual
Christmas dinner for those who can
not go home for the holidays, but even
that and a few parties are sorry re
compense for what they miss by not
being In their own countries and
among their own people.
PLANNING FARMERS' WEEK
Stress Will Be Laid on Importance
Some of the principal attractions
of Farmers' Week, January 14 to 18,
will be short courses in country life
problems and In beekeeping, and
ham and bacon and corn shows.
Uel W. Lamkin, state superintend
ent of schools, will address the con
ference on Friday, January 18, and
T. J. Walker, Inspector of rural
schools, will talk on the samo day.
In the short course during the week,
all the problems of rural life will te
dealt with. The program of the
Country Life Conference is under the
direction of W. H. Hargrove.
There are twenty-two lectures on
the program for the beekeepers' short
course, which, is under the direction
of Leonard Haseman, a strong effort
will be made to get all the successful
farmers of the state to start small
apiaries and maintain them the same
as they do their gardening and poul
try raising. Beekeeping, it is pointed
out, is doubly Important at this time,
when sugar is needed abroad.
Two of the best-known authorities
on bee culture are on the program.
They are Frank C. Pellett, who will
give an illustrated lecture on "Bee
keeping in the North and the South,"
and C. P. Dadant, editor of the Amer
ican Bee Journal, who has achieved
international fame as an authority on
commercial beekeeping, on which
subject he will address the Apicul-
According to J. C. Hackleman, sec
retary of the Missouri Corn Growers'
Association, the corn show will not
suffer o naccount of the near-failure
of the corn crop In North Missouri,
for the crop was exceptionally good
in South Missouri, and there will be
more entries than ever.
The ham and bacon show will be
held this year under the direction of
the College of Agriculture; previous
ly it was held by the State Board of
Agriculture. First, second and third
prizes for hams, bacon and sausages
will be offered.
EGGS AT U CENTS A DOZEN
Record Made by Ten Pullets Fed by
Prof. H. L. Kempster.
Fourteen-cent eggs sounds unrea
sonable, especially when the retail
price of eggs has mounted gradually
during the last two or three years.
Perhaps It is not possible to produce
eggs. for that price during the. present:
winter, but that is the record made by
ten White Leghorn pullets last year.
These pullets were purchased Novem
ber 1, 1916 by Prof. H. L. Kempster
of the College of Agriculture. Only
two were old enough to lay before
January 1. At the end of seven
months, May 31, the flock had' pro
duced 749 eggs at a feed cost of less
than 14 cents a dozen. The average
retail price of eggs in Columbia dur
ing this time was not less than 35
cents a dozen. Thus, on the basis of
that price, the hens returned a labor
Income of $1.32 each.
The house in which the 'birds were
kept had been made of packing boxes
and was covered with roofing paper.
The actual cost of the house not in
cluding packing boxes, was $3.85".
During the seven months the birds
ate 225 pounds of cracked corn and
125 pounds of mash. The mash con
sisted of-equal parts by weight of
bran, shorts, cornmeal and beef scrap.
Oyster shell was kept before the hens
in a can attached to the wall. The
total feed cost, including one bale of
straw, was $8.66.
Owing to the high price of feeds it
may not be possible to produce eggs
so cheaply during the present winter.
However, Mr. Kempster suggests that
the record made by these hens was
not exceptional. At any rate the
backyard poultry keeper will be able
to make considerable saving by pro
ducing his own eggs. Further In
formation concerning the backyard
poultry flock will be found in Exten
sion Circular 26 of the College of
NEED OF CONSERVING STRESSED
Dr. Wilbur Again Tells What the Na
tion Mast Do.
At a conference in the Agricul
tural Auditorium Friday afternoon.
Dr. Ray Lyman Wilbur, lecturer for
the Food Administration, further em
phasized the fact that It is impera
tive to reduce the consumption of
wheat. In place of wheat products
Doctor -Wilbur suggested the use of
oats and corn meal. He declared
that the sugar situaUon needs con
stant attention, for there Is a great
shortage of sugar.
"The rule of three pounds a month
for a person must be enforced," he
The conference was open to any
persons interested In the conserva
tion of food.
New Books at University Library.
"Verse and Prose by Eugene Field,"
hlch are facsimiles or Eugene
Field's poems, principally from his
"Echoes from the Sabine Farm," has
"been received at the University Li
brary as a gift from William K. Bixby
of St Louis. This is from the George
H. Menowine collection of books and
manuscript. "The Crime," by the
author of "I Accuse." is another new
book. This is an arraignment of the
rulers and government of Germany
and Austria. The book comes in two
volumes. This is Volume 1.
A Red Cross Christmas
We are a large family.
This world war Made in. Germany against which we
are fighting has 'sent our incomes down and our
The pinch hurts, but it is not going to kill us.
We still have enough and something to spare.
Though we feel poor, don't let us be impoverished by
Let us save in food, in service, in clothes, in luxuries,
but not in money.
Let us use it by giving it to save the wounded, the suf
fering, our friends, our country.
Let us keep Christmas this year by keeping up the Red
Then it will not be a poor ChristmaSj but a rich Christ
mas in our hearts.
HENRY VAN DYKE. y
CALLAWAY KEEPS OLD
Completes Work of Raising
Fund for Building the
Bonds Carry in District
Adjoining Boone by Big
The farmers in the Mlllersburg
special road district in Callaway
County, adjoining the Boone County
line on thfe east, voted $11,000 in bonds
Friday for the completion of the Old
Trails Road. So favorable was the
sentiment for building a permanent
highway through the district that the
proposition carried by a vote of
about 13 to 1. In addition to the
No Mlssourlan Tomorrow.
Tomorrow, Christmas Day,
there will be no issue of the
Evening Mlssourlan. The next
Issue will be Wednesday.
bonds, farmers in the district sub
scribed $3,200, the Fulton special
road district gave $1,100 and the Cal
laway County Court $2,200.' This
makes $13,000 raised In the district,
which will be matched dollar for dol
lar by the state and federal Govern
ment. Thus, there is now a fund of
$35.00 available for the completion of
the seven and a half miles of road In
The news of the success of the
bond issue was given over the long
distance telephone yesterday by J. L.
Maughs of Fulton to the office of E.
W. Stephens, president of .the Old
Trails Association. The significant
thing about the election Is that it
means that by next summer there will
be eighty-four miles of hard-surfaced
highway on the Old Trails Road run
ning from Rocheport, through Boone
and Callaway Counties to a point in
Montgomery County eight miles east
of the Callaway County line. This
will be the longest stretch of rock
road on the highway. With the 100
mlle3 already built there will be by
the end of next summer, at least,
more than half of the road con
structed through the state.
The people of Callaway County
have proved themselves alive to the
necessity of completing the road. It
is the only county that has kept Its
pledge to start active work for the
actual construction of the road.
Through the persistent efforts of the
road boosters in the county bonds
were voted in the eastern part of the
county through the Williamsburg and
Calwood districts and now there is a
fund of $50,000 available for the high
way from Fulton to the Montgomery
Work in Callaway County will be
gin as soon as the weather permits
next spring. It is possible that con
vict labor will be used as is being
done' in the Mineola district. Al
ready the arrangements have been
made with the State Highway Depart
ment for the use of graders and other
So Lightless Sights Order Here.
Mayor J. E. Boggs says he has re
ceived no order from the United
States Fuel Administration regarding
llghtless nights on Sunday and Thurs
day nights each week. The order
sent out in Washington forbids the
use or display advertising electrlo
lights on the business streets of
cities, on the use of any outside lights
other than those necessary for pe
destrians on streets.
Counties Arrange for Agents.
P. H. Ross leader of the county
agent movement hopes -to have at
least 40 Missouri counties supplied
with agents, either district or coun
ty, early In the coming year. The
work Is now being carried forward In
Montgomery, Howard, Henry, Jasper,
Ray and Vernon counties.
TRAILS ROAD P EDO
BOLSHEVIK! BRING r
ARMS TO Ufflft
Munitions Found Concealed
in Cargo of Hides on Rus
MEANT TOR I. W. W.?
Packages Contain Slugs Like
Those Used by Germans
on East Front.
fiy Associated Preus
, A PACIFIC PORT, Dec. 24. Fed
eral officials toda.v found packages of
ammunition, several hundred rifles
and a number of bags filled with re
volvers buried under a cargo of hides
brought by the Shilka, a Russian
freighter which Arrived here Friday
night under controj of a Bolshevik!
The officials said that In the ammu
nition packages wero slugs such as
have been used by the Germans on
the eastern front.
It Is believed that the arms and
ammunition were intended for In
dustrial Workers of the World in
this country or for a raider In the
TO CONFER ON BUBAL SCHOOLS
Country Life Meeting- Will Be Feature
of Farmers' Week.
The conference on rural schools,
which will be part of the rural life
conference program during Farmers'
Week, from January 14 to 18, will
have representatives from the differ
ent consolidated rural schools that
maintain high schools in the country
and villages of Missouri. They will
report on the work done In their dis
tricts. "This plan will Bhow farmers what
others are doing, and will make
them ambitious to push their educa
tional work up to compete with the
schools doing the best work," said W.
H. Hargrove, extension assistant in
The meeting will be led by T. J.
Walker, inspector of" rural schools In
the state superintendent's office. Mr.
Hargrove has already received letters
from C. A. McMillan, in charge of the
consolidated schools at Raymore, and
Miss Osta B. Feurt, In charge of the
consolidated schools at Martinsville,
saying that they will come.
BED CB0SS DRIVE TO CONTINUE
Committee Hopeful That- County's
Full Quota Will Be Raached.
The final results of the Red Cross
membership drive In Boone County
are not known, as some places have
not been heard from, "but the members
of the committee In charge believe
that the full quota of the county will
be reached, particularly If the people
continue to respond as they have In
the last few days.
E. Sydney Stephens, the chairman
of this district, has instructed the
heads of committees in the different
towns to continue the work for the
next two days. According; to Mr.
Stephens, the figures are snowing up
better than has been expected.
TAXICAB DRIVES FUSED $20
Death of Fine Saddle Horse At
tributed to His Carelessness.
Elery Rice, a Star Taxicab driver,
was fined $20 and costs in police court
this afternon on a charge of reckless
and careless driving December 21,
when the 18x103 he was driving
killed the thoroughbred saddle horse
owned by William P. Jones, a negro.
The horse was valued at $500.
The case was appealed and will be
tried at the next term of the Circuit
Court Rice was released on a $100
Two Marriage Licenses Issued.
A marriage license was Issued to
day to Ambrose Hulen Hathman, IS
years old, and Miss Gertrude Baker,
18 years old, both of Columbia. Mr.
Hathman is employed In the Model
Lunch Room. A marriage license
was issued today to Carl Wasser
Clark and Miss Grace Matthews both
cor lOiamDIA and TU.li.. .., ,
mnch colder tonight. Cold ware. Tuesday
generally fair and colder. WednSdar
cloudy, cold, probably .now flnrrle.. Tem
perature tonlcht to 10 or lower! probably
ro or lower Tuesday nltht. 4 T
,nniri ,Mlss..Kr,: SloaiT " itch colder
tonight, with cold wave northiand west
portion. Tuesday fair and coffer.
nn SET Si'U Wltbln !" of
200 miles of Columbia the lowest teniper-
flfnro tnntcht will K tr , T iti"7?
tVlQ "below NSrffsVSSrSS
A cold ware Is aweenlnr mnih !
out of the Northwest. Temperature al
ready has fallen 20 or more belEw lero In
i western Canada and Montana, end to xero
as far south and east as northern Kebms.
Ka and western Minnesota. The cold wave
will coyer most of the Plains and Cen
tral Valleys within the next 38 hoars.
Light snow has fallen OTer portions of
the northern sections but there has been
no precipitation In the wlnttr wheat
In Columbia cold weather "will prevail
f,c. Aucsuajr auu ireuaesaay.
The highest temneratnr In rViinmTit
yesterday was 56 and the lowest Iast.h k..i . .v ., "
night was 48; precipitation 000; rclatlre
uuuuuiiy p. m. yesieraay 83 per cent.
A year ago yesterday the highest temper
ature was 34 and the lowest 21; precipita
tion 0.00 inch.
Sun rises today, 7:28 a. m. Sun sets, 432
Moon sets 3:40 a. m.
Tbe Temperatures Today.
7 a. m. 48 11 a. m 37
8 a. m 43 12 noon 36
a. m vs 1 p.
10 a. m 39 2 p. m.
DOWN TO 1 0 TONIGHT
Cold Wave Headed Toward
Columbia Zero or Low
A cold wave is scheduled to Strike
Columbia tonight, with the tempera
ture going to 10 or lower. The tem
perature tomorrow night will go
probably to zero or even lower. The
wave Is sweeping south and east out
of the Northwest The temperature
has already fallen 20 degrees or more
below zero in Western Canada and
Montana, and the cold wave will cover
most of the Plains and Central Val
leys within the next 36 hours. The
temperature has already reached zero
In Northern Nebraska and Western
MOBE MISSOURI WHEAT FOB 1918.
Condition in Boone County Is S3,
. . SajsBeiM4W.
In the future E. A. Logan, field
agent of the bureau of crop statistics.
United States Department of Agricul
ture, will issue a monthly govern
ment crop review from Columbia.
The reports have been issued here by
the United States Weather Bureau.
The reports are based on Information
telegraphed from Washington.
According to the December report
Issued last week the condition of
wheat in Boone County Is 85. The
"The farmers of Missuorl have in
creased their wheat acreage '25 per
cent The increase is five times that
suggested for the state by the United
States Department of Agriculture last
August. The acreage seeded this fall
Is 580,000 acres more than was sown
in 1916 and 21,000 acres more than la
"Seeding began In September and
continued over a longer season than
usual, some being sown the last days
of November in the Southeast low
lands. The soil was put In better con
dition and more acres fertilized than
customary. A larger portion of the
crop was sown on corn stubble than
"The backward condition of wheat In
December was caused by the drouth
of October and November over all the
state, being broken the last week of
November by good rains over the
Southern part only. Early sown
wheat has made a fair growth, re
tarded somewhat by drouth, but late
sown is small and has not yet all
come up. The crop got a late start
In some localities of the East and
South sections. The plant Is reported
to be well rooted. Wheat on bottom
lands show a condition well up to that
of a ten year average."
STREET CAB BUNS AWAT, 17 DIE
Coach Dashed Into Confectionery
Store in Pittsburgh.
By Associated Press
PITTSBURGH,, Pa., Dec 24. A
street car ran away In a tunnel here
today and dashed into a confectionery
store. Reports to the police said that
seventeen persons were killed and a
WILSON TO MEET LABOR MEN
Heads of Railway Brotherhoods Sum
moned to Conference.
By Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec 24. President
Wilson has summoned the chiefs and
the leglsIaUve agents of the four
railway brotherhoods to a conference
which will be held at the White House
Telegraph Business Grows.
Tbe receipts at the Western Union
Telegraph office here show an in
crease of $200 In December over De
cember, 1916. The Christmas tele
grams have just begun to come in,
and tonight and tomorrow morning,
according to C. A. Raum, the local
agent the greatest number will be
sent and received.
I RUSSIANS DECLARE
FOR NO AlEJATi
Peace Terms Discussed With
Germans in Conference
TEUTONS GAIN POINT
Von Kuehlmann Made Per
manent Chairman of In
By Associated Press
PETROGRAD, Dec. 24. Peace
without annexation, under the form
ula adopted by the German Reichstag
In Its peace proposals of last July, is
Lne Kevnnip nr rnn mieafnn nana
terms now being discussed at Brest-
T.ftnvalr TTio TOuasfon t...
of the Central Powers, who have
taken them under advisement
Immediate evacuation of territory
seized during the war is proposed.
Russia further suggests that national
groups that were not independent be
fore the war shall decide their future
status at a referendum.
Germany has scored a point In the
selection of Von Kuehlmann, her for
eign secretary, as permanent chair
man of the conference.
Attack on Cossacks Threatened.
By Associated Press
PETROGRAD, Dec 24. An Army
of 100,000 is advancing on the rear of
the troops of General Kaledlnes, the
Cossack leader, according to an .an
nouncement today by the Bolshevikl
German War Prisoners Released.
Dy Associated Tress
LONDON. Dec. 24.-Petrograd dis
patches report that an effort is being
made by the Bolshevikl Commissary
to negotiate with the Ukrainians for
the settlement of thhe difficulties
which have arisen, and that the au
thorities of the Ukrainian government
are willing to accept proposals for a
The attitude of the Bolshevikl is
attributed by the correspondent of
the London Times to the fact that
their leaders are realizing the grav
ity of the situation to an increasing
extent. For the same reason, he says,
they are believed to be inclined to
modify their attitude of hostility to
the' Constituent Assembly; whleh Is
likely to meet within a week.
There are rumors of further fight
ing, but apparently nothing on a large
Reports have reached Petrograd of
the concentration of large numbers of
released German war prisoners near
the capital. Arms, It Is said, have
been turned over to them, and they
are expected to march to the capital.
Referring to these rumors, the cor
respondent of the London Post says
that 1,000 released prisoners of war
are moving toward Petrograd. But
even more significant In his opinion,
is the German activity In building up
trade with the Russians. He de
scribes Germany as making the most
a trade, opportunity the like of which
the world has never seen before.
Russian industries are paralyzed, and
Germany will be able to push her ad
vantage without competition from any
OUTGOING TRAFFIC DECLINES
More People Than Usual, However,
Are Coming in for Christmas.
The number of students leaving
Columbia for the holidays is substan
tially smaller this year than for sev
eral preceding years. This decrease
has been noticed by both railroads.
Two causes are assigned for it the
smaller number of students enrolled,
and the fact that a good many left be
fore the holidays to enter some form
of national service.
More persons are coming to Co
lumbia for Christmas this year than
in former years, the railroad agents
say. A large number of these are
men from the Army camps.
LAST-DAT SHOPPING RUSH"
Toys Much in Demand in Columbia
Last-minute shoppers filled the
stores this afternoon.
Of tbe toys, doll accessories seemed
to be most In demand. One shopper
bought a doll bed and a doll dresser
for $13.70. All the dolls are "Made in
America," for no dolls came from
Germany this year. Not a store has a
doll with "hair on the head," and all
the dolls have "stuffed" bodies. Rose
O'Neill's Kewple dolls are much in
For the forgotten friend, handker
chiefs still hold sway, and one of
the 10-cent stores had such a crowd
around the handkerchief counter that
it took a floorwalker to keep space for
other shoppers to pass. This same
store found It difficult to keep Its
counters stocked with toys.
It was evident that the S. P. U. G.
has not a large following In Colum
bia, even in wartime.
Lieutenant Babb Visits Here.
Lieutenant Glenn Babb is here 'on
leave of absence from Fort Leaven
worth to visit his parents, Mr. and
Mrs. J. G. Bobb. He will return to
morrow. Lieutenant Babb expects to
be transferred to Fort Bliss soon.