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THE EVENING MISSOURIAN
COLUMBIA, MISSOURI, THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 16, 1 9 1 9:
CONCRETE FACT FOR U. S.
Nebraska, Home State of Bryan, is Thirty-Sixth
State to Ratify Amendment to FederalConsti
tution Which Drives Liquor Out From Atlan
tic to Pacific, From Canada to Gulf.
KILLS ISSUE FOR POLITICS
Goes Into Operation One Year From Today When
Every Saloon, Brewery, Distillery, Wine Shop
in the Nation Must Close andNew Sources of
Revenue Supply Our Treasury.
I!y United Press
MXCOLX, Nebraska, Jan. l(i. Xi'Iirnsk:!, the home state of Wil
liam .1. Hi-yiui, today ratified the fedral prohibition amendment,
beh'sr tl'i thirty-sixth and iinal state neceMiry under the federal
Constitution to art in making the amendmen', a part of the Constitu
tion. Ratification in the Xebraska legislature was completed at 10:2,
o'eloek this morning, wlien J he Senate concurred in a House resolu
tion passed earlier in the day.
The Senate two days ago ratified the amendment but the ratifi
cation resolution as passed by the House this morning was amended
and was returned to the Senate for concurrence.
The vote in the lower house was unanimous, iiinctv-ciglit repre
sentatives voting for the ratification. When the resolution was taken"
to the Senate for concurrence onlv one senator, Tanner of Omaha,
Legislature for U.S. Prohibi
tion Amendment Farris
Ily United Press.
JEFFERSON CITY. Jan. 1G. Mis
souri today ratified the federal prohi
bition amendment, only a few minutes
too late to be the deciding state. The
House concurred 104 to 3C after the
resolution had passed the Senate by a
vote of 22 to 10.
Senator Warren of Grundy County
moved the Senate adopt the resolution
and Harris of Columbia, dry leader,
seconded, and the motion carried.
Speeches favoring the resolution
were male by "Warren and Norman of
Stoddard County. Farris of Phelps
County concluded with a brief state
ment. He announced that he would
abide by the majority's decision and
would vote in favor of ratification. He
was wildly applauded.
Motion for the previous question
stopped debate and the Senate adopted
Missouri was the thirty-seventh
state ratifying the prohibition amend
ment. The Senate voted favorably at
10:30 o'clock this morning. The House
concurred at 11:12 o'clock.'
Hoth Houses in Wjoniing Vote "Ves".
Ily United Press.
CHEYENNE, Jan. 10. "Without con
testing the vote, both Houses of the
Wyoming legislature ratified the fed
eral prohibition amendment today.
New Mexico House Fall In Line.
Ji.v United Press.
SANTA FE, Jan. iC The New Mex
5co house of representatives ratified
the national prohibition amendment
.Minnesota Semite Ratifies Also.
!y United Press.
ST. PAUL, Jan. 16. The Minnesota
Senate today ratified the national pro
LAFOLLETTE CHARGES DROPPED
Senate Adopts Resolution Declaring
Wisconsin Statesman Is Not Disloyal.
I!y United Press.
WASHINGTON, Jan. IS. The Senate
today dismissed charges of disloyal
ty against Senator LaFollett of Wis
consin. The Senate adopted the resolution
proposed by Senator Dillingham of
Vermont, dismissing a resolution of
the Minnesota public safety commis
sion which asked that LaFolIette be
tried and expelled from the Senate
because of a speech at St. Paul on
September 20, 1917.
.-,00,000 IX TEMPORARY ARMY
Secretary Rater Submits Flan for Re
building National Defense.
Ilv United Press.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 16. A hill
calling for complete rebuilding of the
American Army was laid before the
HoiweNriil'tary committee by Secretary
of War Baker today. The bill would
make the general staff. headed
bv the chief of staff, supreme in tne
war. The main temporary feature s
the provision of an army of 500,000
men until some permanent figure can
be settled upon
Seeking Evidence Against Packers.
Ily United Press.
WASHINGTON. Jan. lG.-Agents of
the Department of Justice are working
on evidence opposing the packers.
l!y United Press.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16 Prohibi
tion became part of the basic law of
the United States today. Ratification
of the federal amendment by the Ne
braska legislature made that measure
the eighteent amendment to the fed
All but a half dozen of the forty
eight states are expected to adopt the
amendment in the next few weeks, but
the action of Nebraska today gives the
ratification of thre-fourths of the
states, the number necessary to ad
minister John Barleycorn the k. o.
One year from today every saloon,
brewery, distillery and wine press in
the land must close its doors unless
as now seems likely, they are already
closed at that time by war prohibi
tion, which goes into effect next July
1, and stays until completion of de
mobilization. The amendment which outlaws li
quor in this country reads:
"Section 1. After one year from the
ratification of this article, the manu
facture, sale or transportation of In
toxicating liquor within, the importa
tion thereof into, or the exportation
thereof from the United States and all
territories subject to the jurisdiction
thereof for beverage purposes are
"Section 2. The congress and sev
eral states have the concurrent power
to enforce this article by appropriate
"Section 3. The article Rhall.be in
operative unless it shall have been rat
ified as an amendment to the consti
tution by the legislature of the sev
eral states as provided by the con
stitution within seven years of the
date of submission thereof to the states
This is the amendment adopted by
Congress December 18, 1917, and rati
fied by thirty-six states a little more
than a year later.
And these are some of the things
that the amendment will do:
Wipe out a stroke 236 distilleries;
992 breweries and over 300,000 saloons
and wholesale liquor establishments,
forcing thir employes to seek other
Cut off from these persons annual
incomes totalling more than $70,000,
000 in pre-war times.
Cut off from the United States treas
ury a source of taxation counted upon
for an even billion dollars in their
first drafts in the new revenue bill
and millions in additional income to
Remove the liquor question from na
tional, ate and city pontics for all
times and help increase city, state
and federal expense by decreasing law
The fight on liquor, triumphant to
day is as old as the constitution it
self. It raised its head early In the nine
teenth century and was looked upon
as "another crank notion."
But it gathered strength. Churches
took it up, doctors followed and then
came the organization of anti-liquor
societies, the anti-saloon league an1
In the middle of the ninteenth cen
tury Maine went dry. Kansas fol
lowed. At the end of the Civil War
the little Wind of anfi-slave agitators,
who had won their fight, seriously
considered turning to the prohibition
battle. Their number included Wil
liam Lloyd Garrison and Poet Whit
tier. About nineteen hundred came the
"militant stage" in the person of Car-
The prohibition amendment is
the eighteenth added to the fed
Provisions or the eighteenth
amendment with the length of
time taken for ratification fol
lows. First ten amendments, known
as the "bill of rights" provided,
guarantees such as free speech,
ratified in nine months.
Eleventh amendment estab
lished soverignity of states;
ratified in four years.
Twelfth amendment, changed
method of presidential election;
ratified in one year.
Thirteenth amendment, pro
hibited slavery; ratified In
slightly less than a year.
Fourteenth amendment, made
negroes citizens; ratified in two
Fifteenth amendment; en
franchised negroes on same ba
sis as white persons; ratified in
Sixteenth amendment, allowed
Congress to levy income tax;
ratified in three and a half
Seventeenth amendment, pro
vided for popular election of
senators; ratified in slightly
less than year.
Eighteenth amendment, makes
country; ratified In one year,
About one hundred amend
ments have been proposed to
Congress, but only four besides
those ratified were submitted
rle Nation of Kansas, probably the
most picturesque figure the fight ever
Ten years later the crusade against
liquor had grown from the "ravings
of cranks" Snto an irresistable move
ment that swept the country.
But John Barleycorn will try to
stage a "come back."
Distillers are already planning a
fight on the amendment in the courts
on the ground that it was not adopted
by two-thirds of the whole Congress
and that the seven years limitalon in
it invalidates the measure.
The drys say they are confident that
neither of these contentions will hold
and on their side are preparing legis
lation carrying heavy penalties for
prohibition. A special agency in the
internal revenue bureau will be asked.
The thirty-six states which have:
ratified the federal dry amendment up
to today and the order in which the
ratification was made are as follows:
1. Mississippi, January 8, 1918
2. Virginia. January 11, 191S.
3. Kentucky. January 14, 1918.
4. North Dakota, January 25, 1918.
3. South Carolina. January 28,
NEW NATIONS FACE
PERIL, SAYS POWERS
Speaker Tells Dangers Con
v fronting Czechoslovaks,
Jugo-Slavs and Poles.
SEAPORTS ARE VITAL
Self Government Not Neces
sarily Independence, He
Maryland, February 13, 1918.
Montana, February 18, 1918.
Texas, March 4. 1918.
Delaware, March 18, 1918.
South Dakota, March 20, 1918.
Massachusetts, April 2, 1918.
Arizona, .May 24, 1918.
Georgia, June 26, 1918.
Louisiana. August 8, 1918.
Florida, November 27, 191S.
Michigan, January 3, 1919.
Ohio, January 7, 1919.
Oklahoma, January 7, 1919.
Idaho, January S. 1919.
Maine, January 8, 1919.
Tennessee, January 8, 1919.
West Virginia, January 9, 1919.
California, January 13, 1919.
(Washington, January 13. 1919.
Alabama, January 14, 1919.
Arkansas. January 14, 1919.
Illinois, January 14. 1919.
Indiana, January 14, 1919.
Kansas, January 15, 1919.
North Carolina, January 14,
Colorado, January 15, 1919.
Oregon, January 15, 1919.
Utah, January 15, 1919.
Iowa, January 15, 1919.
New Hampshire, January
Nebraska, January 16
VIRt.'lL COLE SAFE "IX EUROPE"
Father Thinks He's in Germany First
Letter Since Armistice.
Dr. J. B. Cole today received his
first word since the armistice was
signed from his son, Virgil Cole, who
is safe and sound "somewhere in Eu
rope," according to today's letter.
The letter was mailed November 25.
The last previous letter received from
him was dated October 23. He is in
the medical corps. Twenty-sixth in
fantry. "I'm seeing Europe as no tourist
ever saw it." the son wrote. Doctor
Cole thinks he isin Germany.
WIRELESS RILL TABLED
House Committee Takes no Action on
Ily United Press.
.WASHINGTON, Jan. 16. The House
merchant marine committee by unan
imous vote today tabled ihe bill for
Government ownership of wireless stations.
Two Candidates for Yell Leader.
A yell leader will be elected Friday
night between halves of the Missouri
Washington basketball game. The
candidates are Lester Bailey and
The most dubious part of the whole
Allied program, according to Dr. H. H.
Powers, who spoke in the University
Auditorium last night on "The New
Nations; Self Determination and Self
Maintenance," is the disintegration of
nations that have been formed in the
"There are many people who are
now demanding their independence,
and there will be many new nations.
But granting their desire for self-government
will not, and cannot give
them their 'independence," said Dr.
Taking up the countries which are
to be dissolved, Austria-Hungary anjd
Russia, he spoke primarily of the
chance that the Czecho-Slovak na
tion hag in regard to a permanent
peace. It would be made up of do
hemfia, Moravia and Slovakia. The
country which these peoples claim and
desire under their own independent
rule is marked off by natural geo
graphic frontiers, principally moun
tains, and that far it has a chance.
But it has no access to the sea ex
cept across the territory of its bit
terest enemies. Of course she would
cross on Germany's terms, but she
would be dependent upon Germany.
"The thing which Bohemia does not
realize," said Doctor Powers, "Is, that
in the three centuries that has inter
vened between the Bohemia that was
and the one that is to be, civiliza
tion has changed. In the day of the
old Bohemia, each and every country
was self supporting, civilization was
localized. It is of that time that the
people think when they dream of their
coming 'independence. But now no
part of the world can got along with
out any part of the rest of the world.
Each nation is dependent on every
other nation. So Bohemia, cut off as
she is from any access to the sea, can
not be independent.
"Then the racial question is one of
grave consideration. Bohemia is the
industrial center of Austria. It con
tains 60 per cent of the industries of
Austria-Hungary and these industries
are mostly owned by Germans. So
there would be the racial difficulty
"Besides all of these difficulties is
the lack of fair play on the part of
the diffierent peoples concerned. There
is always the spirit of backbiting.
"Although Austria represented many
peoples who had historic and racial
differences, she had no more than the
island of England has had. However,
they were more recently drawn togeth
er. The unification of these peoples
meant that Austria was looking for
ward into the future of the world, she
had the beginnings of an absolute in
dependence and a way out into the
world. But the disintegration means
going backward, a lowering of Civili
zation." "Rumania is not to be disintegrated.
She is to be given more territory. One
strip comes from Russia, and right
fully, too, since it is inhabited by Ru
manians, but another comes from Hun
gary. This latter goes farther than
the natural geographic frontier of the
Carpathian Mountains to no real nat
ural boundary and includes groups of
Magyars which do not want to be
under Ruman'an rule. Thus Rumania
can only look forward to race feuds.
As to the Jugo. Slavs.
"The coming nation of the Jugo
slavs has the most promising future
from the geographic point of view. It
has adequate access to the sea, which
means that it can be civilized. No
part of the territory is predominant
ly inhabited by people of another race.
So it has a rather fine' prospect for
a nation so far. But this country Is
composed of Serbians. Dalmations,
Bosnians, Albanians and Montenegrins,
all of whom have different religions.
There are catholics, Mohammedans,
Protestants and members of the Greek
Othodox church. They can not sepa
rate their religion from the state, for
they are one. The religion is bound,
up so completely with their political
institutions that it cannot be explained
or reasoned away.
"Fqr Poland," continued Doctor
Powers, "there is only one natural
boundary and that is on the south. In
fiio place does 1t touch the sea. The
historic boundaries are fluctuating In
the extreme. They are neither lin
guistically or historically clear.
"There are other difficulties beside
the one of boundary. Poland Is the
industrial center of Russia. If cut
off from Russia, it would have to com
pete with Germany and England, pay
ing the import duty Into Russia as
they do. Since it is not capable of
competing with them she would lapse
into a pastoral state. Poland pro
nounces doom on her industries when
she secures her freedom." f
In conclusion Dr. Powers empha-
Kor Columbia anil Irinit) : ltaln or
no tonight and Friday morninc, fol
loweil by clearing and nomenhat roldrr.
Lowest temperature tonight neur freezing
For Missouri: Ilam e-ist anil south.
Rener.iuy uir nortimest portion tonight.
Kritl.iy senerally fair, exeept prooably
r.iltt or snow extreme e.ist portion; -somewhat
Shippers' Uoree.wt: Within a radius of
OO mile of Columbia the lowest temiiera
ture during the next ". hours will lie be
tween L"C anil a).
There Is a tendeney to unsettled weath
er In most sections of the ITiiti-d States
as well as Southern Canada. lialn has
lieeu cener.il on the P.ieilie eujst ami llcht
snow In the Northern ItocLy .Mountain
states. At 7 a lit. ttiU iimrninj: snow was
fallluiat Alieline, Texas, rain on the (iulf
eoast from the mouth of the Kio lir.inile
to New- Orleans and li the .Mississippi to
In Columbia unsettled weather m'jtu
mill or miow- Is probable durini; the next
Cfi hours, at the same time lieeomlnc some
what colder at the clow of the period. No
severe eoM Is yet In sight, however.
The highest temperature In Columbia
yesterday was 4G; and the lowest last
nlKht w;is 3. Precipitation O.0O. llela
tlte humidity noon yesterday was T'J Jier
cent. A yeat ago yeslerday the highest
temperature was t; and the lowest was
-7. Precipitation O.0O.
The Temperature Today.
7 a. in ! 1"J noun li'
S a. in. ..JX1 1 p. m 4."
J a. in. 31 '1 p in 47
io a. m :: :: p. m is
11 a. in 41 1 li. m 1U
ITALIAN CABINET OUT;
Territorial Ambitions of Pen
insula Kingdom Have Been
Greatest Stumbling Block
in Way of Peace.
TO LONDON PACT
Secrecy Around Paris Con
ference May Be Modified
by "Interchange of Views"
Ity fulled Press.
ROME, Jan. 1C The entire Italian
cabinet has resigned. Premier Orlan
do was at work today on the forma
tion of a new cabinet.
sized how small a part of the world
was actually free, how small a part
had to answer for civilization.
TWO lljp DIE
Influenza Claims Wife and
Son of a Farmer Near Hin-
ton, Boone County.
The wife and son of W. W. West,
a farmer, who lives three miles north
of Hinton, Boone County, died of in
fluenza. The son, Clarence, 3 years
old, died yesterday morning, and the
mother, Tina Bell West, 27 years old,
later in the day.
The father is sick In bed with the
influenza. Funeral arrangements
harve not been made.
GORDON -HAY RUN FOR MAYOR
Columbia Physician Is Being Urged
to Make Race for Nomination.
Dr. James Gordon Is being urged by
friends to make the race for the Dem
ocratic nomination for mayor of Co
lumbia. Doctor Gordon said today
that he had as yet arrived at no
"It the people of Columbia want
me, he said, I want tneiy to lnui-
icate it. I realize that it is an honor
and a credit to any man to be elected
to serve his fellow citizens."
Dr. Gordon was born in this city
and has spent practically all his life
here aa a practicing physician. The
only exception to this was when he
served as an officer of State Hospital
iNo. 3 at Nevada, Mo. He served on
the City Council for six years and
wias a member of that body at the
time the water and light plant was
45 CASES OF INFLUENZA NOW
II. J. Hufter and 3Iarjorie Carpenter
SUI1 in Critical Condition.
There are now forty-five cases of
influenza in Parker Memorial Hos
pital. Dr. Guy L. Noyes says the sit
uation among the students is little
Prom January 5 until yesterday no
cases among men students had been
.reported. Yesterday three were ad
mitted to the hospital.
Harold J. Hutter, who has been seri
ously 111 with pneumonia which re
sulted from influenza, is in a critical
condition. Mr. Hutter is a student in
the College tof Agriculture. His sister
is here from Warren, Pa., to be with
iMarjorie Carpenter, who has been
ill with influenza is still in a critical
Ily Pniteil Press.
PARIS, Jan. 1C Italy has aban
doned Its imperialistic program anjl
definitely accepted the British and
American ideas of a democratic peace
That was the Interpretation in some
diplomatic quarters today of the resig
nation of the entire Italian cabinet.
Italian territorial ambitions under
stood to have been conceded by Great
Britain, France aiui Russia in the
London pact have constituted one of
the stumbling blocks in the peace con
ference. The old school of Italian
diplomats stolidly clung to the deter
mination that the entire program of
political and territorial operation
should be carried out. The more dem
ocratic members of the government
counciled various degrees of modifi
cation. This lei to the ministerial
Foreign Minister Sonnlno was recog
nized as the leader of the clique op
posed to any modification of the pro
visions of the London pact. His at
titude resulted in the resignation of
Minister Bissolati, who held the port
folio of military and war pensions,
and the threatened resignation of oth
er liberal ministers.
In view of the fact that Sonnino is
now a duly accredited diplomat to
the peace congress it is doubtful
whether he can do much. There is no
doubt, however, that his attitude In
the conference will be greatly influ
enced by the cabindt's resignation
and that he will not feel disposed to
pursue his original course in regard to
the London pact.
31 ay Modify Secrecy Order.
P.y United Press.
PARIS, Jan. 1G. The peace dele
gates decided today to call newspaper
correspondents of the Allied nations
into conference for "an interchange
of views." It was believed that the
recent secrecy order would be brought
up and it was predicted that it would
be materially modified.
The Inter-Allied conferences were
continued in the foreign office at 10:30
today. The same representatives that
attended yesterday's meeting were
In the meantime the storm of pro
tests against confining news of the
conference to the official communique
was increasing. The announcement
had been made earlier that correspon
dents would not be permitted Inside
the foreign office building, as they
JOHN I). BARBER FINED $.')
TO SET DATE FOR PRIMARIES
City Democratic Committee Will Sleet
A meeting of the Democratic City
Central Committee will be held next
week to set the date for the city pri
mary election. Inasmuch as the pri
maries must be held fifteen days be
fore the final election, which is to be
held in April, M. F. Thurston, secre
tary of the committee, said the pri
maries would be held about March 15.
The members or the Democratic Cen
tral Committee are: First Ward.
George W. Harrell and Ralph T. Fin
ley; Second Ward, L. J. Slate and J.
W. Sapp; Third Ward. W. B. Newell.
Jr.. and W. J. Hetzler; Fourth Ward,
M. F. Thurston and J. Dozier Stone;
committeeman-at-large. E. M. Watson.
Mr. Watson is chairman.
GOO Rooms Needed at Once.
Only 325 rooms have been obtained
to accommodate the visitors during
Farmers' Week. At least 1,000 are
needed, according to the secretary of
the Commercial Club. The club
rooms will be open till 8 o'clock this
evening. Those having rooms to rent
are urged to telephone 1099.
U. S. Releases Ships.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 16. The Unit
ed States Shipping Board today re
leased from Government control all
ships operated under requisition.
Bootlegging Costs SteTe Balew $300
Forgers Sent to Prison.
John D. Barber, a student in the
University, was found guilty of care
less and reckless driving by the cir
cuit court Thursday and fined $50.
The case grew out of the West Broad
way accident September 6 when the
car which Barber was driving collided
with that or J. J. Phillips as the lat
ter attempted to turn Into West boule
vard off West Broadway.
Meurl Campbell and Wilfred Hyder,
both colored, were sentenced to five
years Imprisonment In the Missouri
penitentiary for forgery.
Steve Balew was fined $300 for bootlegging.
BUREAU PLACES ONE 3IAN
Suney Being Made to Find Positions
for Returned Soldier.
The employment bureau for return
ed -soldiers has secured work for one
man. Many names are being listed
with the committee: II. H. Jacks, sec
retary, O. iW. Boutwell and Warren
A survey of the county and town Is
being made to learn where employes
Victory Liberty Loan Dates Coming.
By United Pre!.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 1C The next
war loan will be called the Victory
Liberty Loan, Secretary Glass an
nounced today. Announcement of the
amount, terms and date of the loan
is expected within the next two weeks.
Influenza stops All Mass Meetings.
The Student Council at the Univer
sity has decided that no mass meetings
will be held until the Influenza situa