THE EVENING MISSOURIAN
COLUMBIA, MISSOURI, SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 28, 1919.
GERMANY SIGNS TREATY;
WORLD WAR AT AN END
Ceremony Begins at 3:09 O'clock This Afternoon
and Lasts Forty-One Minutes Foreign Min
ister Mueller First to Sign "for Foe Chinese
Delegates Refuse to Accept" Terms.
WILSON SENDS A STATEMENT
President Heads List of Allied Delegates Signing
Historic Document Lloyd George Is Sec
ond, Two Minutes Later South African
Delegate Signs Under Protest.
Br Culted Tress.
VERSAILLES, June 28. The peace treaty has been signed.
The German delegates placed their signatures on the document at
3 :12 o'clock this afternoon.
President Wilson signed two minutes later, followed by Premier
Lloyd George, who signed the treaty at 3 :17 o'clock.
The German peace delegates arrived at 3 :08 o'clock, and the meet
ing convened one minute later.
Foreign Minister Mueller was the first delegate to sign for Ger
many. . .
By FRED S. FERGUSON
(I'nlted Press Staff Correspondent)
VERSAILLES, June 28. The greatest ,war in history was for
mally ended today with the signing of the peace treaty.
The ceremony took place in the historic palace at Versailles, pro
ceeding with clocklike regularity.
The German delegates, Foreign Minister .Mueller and Colonial
Minister Bell, were ushered into the Hall of Mirrors at 3:0S o'clock
Premier Clemcnceau immediately opened the meeting, assuring
the Germans that the treaty text was identical with the one presented
Foreign Minister Mueller was the first to sign, placing his signa
ture on the document at 3:12 o'clock. Bell followed him. President
Wilson, the first of the Allied delegates to sign, wrote his name on the
treaty at 3:14 o'clock. Premier Lloyd George signed two minutes later.
The Chinese refused to sign. The Chinese delegates were not
present. They were reported to have sent to Peking for instructions.
General Smuts, representing South A'frica, signed under protest,
issuing a statement setting forth his objections.
The signing was by delegations as follows: Germans, Americans,
British (including colonials), French, Italians, Japanese and smaller na
tions. Premier Clemenceau declared the proceedings closed at 3 :50 o'clock,
the entire ceremony lasting just forty-one minutes.
"The conditions of peace are now an accomplished fact. The pro
ceedings are closed," Clemenceau said.
The Allied delegations remained seated when the Germans departed
U 3 :52 o'clock.
Thousands of Jets of water burst
from the innumerable fountains in
Paris when the signing of the peace
treaty was announced.
Several thousand civilians cheered
the delegates as they were leaving the
palace and showered, them with flow
ers. Many of the spectators wept with
emotion. Portions of the crowd broke
through the barrier of the police and
closed in on the delegates. Wilson
tried to get back to the palace but
WILSON SAYS TREATY IS
TO BRING NEW ORDER
By ROBERT J. BENDER
(United I'res Staff Correspondent)
WASHINGTON, June 2S. Germany
today signed the peace treaty.
Nearly five years after a proud and
lustful monarch 'started out to con
quer the world, but it was a beaten
people who today fixed their signature
to the Allies' bill of indemnity and
When the word of signing was flash
ed to America, the following procla
mation by President Wilson was is
sued at the White House:
"My fellow countrymen:
fcA New Order of Things."
"The treaty of peace has been sign
ed. If it is ratified and ffcted upon in
full, the sincere execution of its terms
will furnish the starter for a new
order of things in the world
"It is a severe treaty in the duties
and penalties imposed upon Germany,
but it is severe only because the war
wrongs that have been done by Ger
many are to be righted and repaired.
"It imposes nothing that Germany
.cannot do, and she can regain her
rightful standing In the world by the
prompt and honest, fulfillment of its
"And it is much more than a treaty
with Germany. It liberates great peo
ples who have never before been able
to find a way to liberty. It ends once
ami fnr nil nn old and intolerable or-
rer of things under which a small
group or semsn men coma use uic
people of a great empire to serve their
own ambitions for power and domina
tion. "It associates the free governments
of the world in a permanent league
a which they pledge themselves to use
was withheld by the crowd.
The program was changed today so
that the Germans could sign earlier
than the original schedule. Doctor
Mueller t. ered a special train to be
ready to start for Berlin at 9 p. m.
The question of Austrian repara
tion has been completed and the re
mainder of the Austrian treaty is ex
pected to be presented to the Aus
trian delegates at St. Germain Monday.
their united powers to maintain peace
by maintaining right and justice. It
makes international law a reality,
supported by imperative sanction.
Right of Conquest Abolished.
'It does away with the right of con
quest and reject political annexation,
submitting a new order under which
backward nations, peoples who have
not yet a complete political conscious
ness and peoples who are ready for
Independence but are not yet quite
prepared to dispense with protection
and guidance of a stronger nation,
shall no more be subjected to dom
inating exploitation by stronger na
tions. Instead they shall be put un
der the free direction and afforded the
helpful direction of governments un
dertaking to be responsible to the
opinion of mankind in the execution of
their tasks" by accepting the direction
of the League of Nations.
"It reorganizes the Inalienable
rights of nations, the rights of mi
norities and the sanctity of religious
beliefs and practices. It lays the bas
is for conventions which shall free the
commercial interests of the world
from unjust and vexatious restrictions
and forever put Into execution an in
ternational co-operation to cleanse the
life of the world and facilitate com
mon action in beneficent activities of
"It furnishes guarantees that have
never been given or contemplated be
fore for fair treatment of all who arc
laboring at their dally tasks In the
world. ThU is-the reason I have spok
en of it as the great charter of a new
order of affairs. There is ground for
deep satisfaction, universal re-assurance
and confident hope."
jr Columbia and Vicinity: Tartly
dandy weather tonight and Sunday. Some
wKit warmer Sunday.
r'or Missouri: Partly cloudy weather
tonight and Sunday. Somewhat warmer
Sunday north and east portions.
7 a. m
S a. m
9 a. m..
10 a. m
64 11 a. m 71
frl 12 noon
CS 1 p. m T3
GERMANS MANT IN LEAGUE
Foreign Minister Says That Treaty
Will Be Carried Out.
nj United Press.
VERSAILLES, June 2S. Foreign
Minister Mueller and Colonial Minis
ter Bell, German signatories of the
peace treaty, today made the follow
ing exclusive statement to the United
"We are (signing without mental
reservation. What we are signing will
be carried out by the German people.
We believe the Entente will in its
own interest find it necessary tc
change some of Uie terms, for they
will see that the treaty is impossible
"We believe the Entente will not
insist, on the delivery of the former
kaiser or any of the high officials.
"Germany will make every effort to
enter the League of Nations."
Leaves Paris Tonight
Make a Tour
By United Press.
WASHINGTON, June 28. President
Wilson, will land at New York, and
has agreed to a reception there, Secre
tary Tumulty announced today. A per
sonal rnessage from the president stat
ed that he is leaving 'Paris at 9:30
He will sail from Brest tomorrow
on the George Washington, Secretary
Tumulty also announced.
The plans for a tour of the nation
will probably not be published until
the president has had time to consult
his advisors here and personally go
over the details of the treaty. It is
probable that he will leave Washing
ton the week after his return to Amer
ica. President Wilson's address on the
peace treaty to congress will probably
be delivered the day after he arrives
in Washington, according to present
Russia's Sacrifice Greatest in
Lives Britain's in
By J. W. T. MASON
(Written for the United Press.)
The war, which has officially end
ed, has cost the world 7,560,000 In
lives, and $1S6.750,000,000 in money.
The Allies have paid in death toll of
4,810,000 and 1120,500,000,000 for vic
tory. The central powers have lost
2,750,000 in killed, and $66,250,000,000
in addition to the indemnity they must
pay for their unsuccessful attempt to
dominate the world.
It .will cost the Allies six billion
dollars annually to pay the interest
on their war debts. Germany's in
terest bill will be about two billion
dollars yearly. The other central
powers will probably repudiate their
obligations, but if they don't, their
yearly interest will approximate $1,
300,000,000.00. These annual charges will be in
creased for the purpose of paying off
part of the principle of the war debts.
The present European generation
from now onward will have to raise
at least four to five times as much
money by taxation as before the war,
or see the old world go into bankrupt
cy, with all bank accounts in dangei
The following tables show how vic
tor and vanquished have come through
Germany 1,600,000 3,500,000
Austria 800,000 2,000,000
Turkey 250,000 400,000
Bulgaria 100,000 275,000
British Empire .
Total Allies ...
Cost of the War.
- 5,000 000,000
Total Allies .
Death of Austrian Heir Basis
for War That Ends This
CITY IS DEMOBILIZED
J-ood and Fuel Offices
Closed Draft Board Is
Five years ago today Francis Fer
dinand, an Austrian archduke, was as
sassinated at Sarajevo, Bosnia, June
2S. 1914. The assassination took place
while the archduke was making his
first official visit to Sarajevo, the cap
ital of Bosnia. The archduke's death
was made the pretext for the great
war that was ended today.
Ferdinand was a nephew of the
Emperor-King Francis Joseph and
heir to the Hapsburg throne. Austria
Hungary and Germany had placed
high hopes on Archduke Ferdinand,
and his assassination caused a bitter
outburst of indignation in these coun
tries. That a crisis was impending could
clearly be seen. The tension grew,
.ind on July 2S, 1914, Austria-Hungarj
formally declared war against Serbia.
Few in Columbia would have ever
believed at that time that the murder
of the archduke would have affected
them as it did. Today, five years lat
er, Columbia is gradually assuming
its pre-war status. The demobiliza
tion of the city is about complete.
Conditions which prevailed during the
period of the war have disappeared
and a readjustment toward a pre-war
basis has been established.
The demobilization began when the
collegiate and vocational sections of
the SJV.T.C. were mustered out De
pember 16. In May the men from old
Company F, later a part of the Thirty-Fifth
Division, returned, and in the
last three weeks men from the Eighty
Ninth Division have been coming
The barracks that had been erected
for the S.A.T.C. have been razed and
the equipment used by the contingents
here has been shipped to various mili
The Missouri branch of the United
States Food Administration has been
closed for some time. The Boone
C6unty "draft board has sent its sup
plies to Washington, as its work was
completed shortly after the signing
of the armistice. The posters advo
cating the conservation of food have
been torn down. The corner-lot war
gardens are contributing a generous
supply of weeds instead of food, as
they did during the war.
Though the demobilization of Co
lumbia is about complete, there still
remains ope grim reminder of the
days of the war. High prices are still
with us, and are likely to be for some
DIFFICULTIES DELAYED PEACE
Secretary linker Says Army Is C9 Per
Two hundred and twenty-nine days
ago, November 11, 1918, the Germans
laid down their arms. It was ex
pected that peace terms would soon
be presented to the defeated foe.
After a few weeks, difficulties arose
and it was said that final peace terms
could not be signed before May 1.
This time was much later than that
expected by the public. Men in service
thought that they would be back in
civilian life by May 15. Up to date,
according to Secretary of War Baker,
the army is over 69 per cent demob
ilized, a little more than two-thirds.
The United States still has soldiers
in France, lEngland, Germany, Si
beria, Russia, Turkey, Italy and in the
PARCHMENT COST $3,000
Original Document With Signatures
an Expenshe Work.
PARIS, June 28. The original of
the treaty of peace, which will be
signed by all the plenipotentiaries,
will be on Japan parchment, accord
ing to l'Intrans'geant. It will cost
$3,000 to prepare the document.
ALL NAVY VESSELS SALUTE
Daniels Orders Ships and Shore Sta
tions to Fire.
By United Press.
WASHINGTON June 28. Upon the
signing of the peace treaty Secretary
of the Navy Daniels flashed an order
to every American naval vessel and
naval shore station for the firing of a
SATS SENATE. WILL RATIFY
Hitchcock Predicts Vote of SO to 16
In Favor of Treaty.
WASHINGTON, June 28. The
peace treaty will be ratified by the
Senate by a vote of 80 to 16, Senator
Hitchcock, administration spokesman,
predicted today. Of the eighty, forty
six will be Democrats and thirty-four
Republicans, he said.
May HaTe Branch League.
A meeting will be held the first part
of next week to organize in Columbia
a branch of the League to Enforce
"INDEPENDENCE" DAT I WELL
Some Ashland Men May Not Be So
Independent After Fourth.
The cause of Cupid is to have the
unqualified support of the committee
in charge of Ashland's Fourth of July
celebration. And, while the Fourth is
called Independence Day, it may be
the last day of independence for
many an Ashlander.
Any soldier who desires to wed at
the Ashland celebration will be pro
vided with a license, a preacher and
witnesses free. The committee has
made no statement concerning the
girl, so it may be that the blushing
bride will also be furnished.
The celebration will be a home-coming
event In honor of the returned
soldiers of the town and community.
There will be a band concert, an old
fashioned basket dinner and several
addresses by prominent speakers.
Among the speakers will be A. T.
Dumm of Jefferson City, Frank I.
Buckingham of Kansas City and .the
Rev. G. W. Hatcher of Columbia,
Athletic events will be the feature
of the afternoon.
T A BEST
Business and Professional
Women Meet for
Business and professional women
of Columbia met last night at the
Gordon Hotel Building, to plan to or
ganize. Through their organi
zation they hope to obtain many com
forts that they have not been able to
get. The women in business need a
comfortable rest room waere they
may go during the noon hour to read
and for refreshment. The courthouse
is the only place that they can go to
now and that Is unsatisfactory.
The chairman. Miss Edith Hill, ap
pointed a committee consisting of
Misses Stella Hagan, Lola Hill and
Ruth Douglas to reach all of the wom
en who were not present
In an address Miss Ella V. Dobbs
said, "Organization is the keynote of
the day. Each one of us can not do
much alone but may accomplish many
things by co-operation. It is for this
reason tl.at we should try to organize
a club for the business and profes
sional women of Columbia. It is for
improvemant as well as mutual pleas
ure. Many of the larger towns and
cities have clubs which have rest
rooms and dining rooms. .These, cluba
have regular meetings and are ad
dressed by prominent speakers who
tell of the work that women are do
ing in other places. Some of these
clubs sold many Liberty Bonds and
Thrift Stamps during the war.
There will be a state meeting of
all the business and professional
women's clubs July 14 at St. Louis
and on July 15, 16 and 17 the national
organization will hold its meeting. An
effort will be made to bring Miss Jen
nie Fisher of Kansas City, director oi
the state organization, to Columbia as
she returns from the state meeting.
Another meeting will be held in the
WOULD SET ASIDE DEED
Woman Sues Stepson to Regain
Rights in Farm.
Testimony was given today in Cir
cut Court in the case of Mrs. Annie C.
Wolf against John C. Wolf, ,her step
son, to set aside a deed for rents and
profits. Mrs. Wolf deeded her dower
rights in an estate to John Wolf for
the sum of $100. The estate consisted
of a farm of about 130 acres, valued
at between $10 and $20 an acre and
property consisting of a home on this
farm. Testimony given attempted to
show that Mrs. Wolf did not know
what she was doing at the time the
deal was transacted.
The divorce case of Mrs. Vlny
Crockett, negro, against Will Crockett,
negro, was heard in court this after
noon. Non-support is charged.
J. IV. PENN TO LEAVE CITY
Busy Bee Will Jlove to Location on
J. W. Penn, for the past twenty-one
years proprietor of iPenn's Pharmacy
in Columbia, will close his business
Monday preparatory to leaving Co
lumbia for another location. His fam
ily will live here temporarily until he
again settled, Mr. Pena said this
The building on Ninth street, occu
pied by Penn's Pharmacy for the past
six years, has been leased by the
Busy Bee Confectionery. They will
move there next week.
TEXAS RATIFIES SUFFRAGE
Senate Passed House Resolution Be
fore Noon Today.
By United Press.
AU3TIN, Tex., June 2S. Ratifica
tion of the federal suffrage amend
ment was completed today when the
senate passed the house resolution
shortly before noon.
Missionary Union to Hold! Banquet.
The annual meeting of the Woman's
Missionary Union of the Little Bonne
Femme Association will be held at
the Baptist Church in Sturgeon at 12
Dinner will be served at the church.
All missionary societies are urged to
Local Carpenters Meet to
Discuss the Repeal of
GIVE BAD POINTS
Petition With 500 Signers Is
The local carpenters' union held a
meeting last night in the hall over the
Central Bank to protest against the
Workmens' Compensation Law, which
was passed at the last session of the
Some of the points in the Compen
sation Law which are protested
against are as follows: That a notice
must be served on the board and also
on each employer if a laborer wants
to elect not to come under this law.
The protest against this section of the
law is that, for instance, in a city
like St. Louis, where working men
frequently change Jobs and where the
work may be three or four miles from
the employers' office, there Is no 'one
to be found on the job to serve the
Another section of" the law provides
for no compensation where an em
ploye has failed to obey the the rules
laid down by the employer, but does
not require the employer to make
these rules known to the employe. The
objection of the union to this Is that
if an employe Is injured the employer
or the insurance company who rep
resents him can set up the defense
that a rule was iolated and defeat
Another section of the law exempts
all farm and domestic servants and
ail emplojes where there are less than
Another section of the law, it is
stated, limits the compensation to ac
cidents which show objective symp
tons. The objection to this, according to
the union men, is that an employe can
not recover for Internal Injuries, or
for sprains or even a fractured rib;
in fact, half of the employes who sus
tain injuries would go without com
pensation. The Union men considers
this a trick of the insurance com
panies. Petitions will be circulated through
out the state to be signed by voters
for the repeal of this law at the next
Hume ays of Columb'a has charge
of this work In Boone County and so
far has 500 signers to the petition. The
petition must be signed before July
10 and returned to Maurice J Cassidy
secretary of the St. Louis Building
SPEAKER FAILS TO ARRIVE
Audience of Thirty People Wanted to
Hear ItritMi Statesman.
Frederick Horner of the Devereux
Players was to have spoken on Gold
smith and Sheridan at 7:30 o'clock
last night in the University Audi
torium. At 8 o'clock Mr. Horner was among
the missing. All thirty of the audi
ence had become anxious. The seats
were getting harder, an I the weather
seemed warmer. MufTled conversa
tions bod ceased.
AnJ then came the speaker. But the
speaker wasn't Mr. Horner, former
member of the British Parliament. He
was Leslie Cowan, secretary to the
president ofhe University.
"I regret to announce that Mr. Hor
ner will not be with us this evening."
said Mr. Cowan. "All we know Is
that he didn't arrive in town."
MARGARET HOCKER MARRIES
Bridegroom. Harry C. Fair, a Lawyer
From Tnlsa, Okla.
The marriage cerpmony of Miss
Mnriraret Hocker to Harry C. Fair wai
performed by the Reverend Jesse H.
Smith at the home of the bride's moth
er. Mrs. G. C. Hocker, 601 Hitt street,
at 11:30 o'clock this morning.
Miss Hocker is a graduate of Howard-Payne
College and of the Univer
sity, and is a member of the Phi Mu
sorority. Mr. Fair Js a graduate ot
Central College at Fayette, Mo., and
of the Washington University Law
School. He is a member of the Kappa
Alpha fraternity. He has been prac
ticing law for the last few years in
Tulsa, Okla. After a short visit In
St. Louis, Mr. and Mrs. Fair will make
their home in Tulsa.
V. S. HURDLE CHANCES BRIGHT
Simpson and Sjliester of M. I. Art
Competing. PERSHING STADIUM. June 28.
Trials of the 200 and 1,500 meter races
and the 200-meter hurdles, broad
jump and discus throw were on the
program at the Allied races today.
The 200-meter hurdles were looked
upon as a walk-away for the United
States with Simpson and Sylvester of
the Missouri University competing.
3Ir. anJ 3lrs. H. GroTes HaTe Baby..
A, daughter was born to Mr. and
Mrs. Howard Groves, who live on a
farm near Stephens In Calloway
County. Mrs. Groves is a former
student In the University.
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