THE EVENING MISSOURIAN
COLUMBIA, MISSOURI, MONDAY EVENING, J UNE 30, 1919
Vv- ffr i
TO CLOSE GAP III
Resent President Wilson's
Wish to Annul War-Time
Measure as Soon as Demob
ilization Is Completed.
DOCTOR MAY GIVE
Wholesale Dealers Can Sell
Liquor to Druggists Hav
ing Permits Sacramental
Wines Subject to Tax.
By United Tress.
WASHINGTON, June 30. A bill de
signed to stop the gap between war
time and constitutional prohibition
was introduced today by Representa
tive Randall of California. The bill
would make prohibition Continuous,
beginning tomorrow, and would hold
up distilled liquors that are now held
Resenting President Wilson's wish
-to have the war-time prohibition act
repealed as soon as it is legally possi
ble, the-drys are planning to push
through Congress legislation that will
prevent a wet period of a few months
between the time that the President
declares war-time prohibition ends and
the time when constitutional prohibi
tion begins. The prohibitionists be
lieve this means a new fight for the
wets because the stock of beer is
nearly exhausted and few breweries
will scare to open for such a short
Unless something of this kind is be
gun. Representative Randall says the
country will be plunged in a whisky
drinking orgy for a few months.
To Prosecute All Violators.
Saloon keepers and other sellers of
liquors will be arrested and prosecut
ed, W. L. Frierson, assistant attorney
general, stated today.
This is the answer of the Depart
ment of Justice to reports that liquor
dealers in many large cities are plan
ning to Ignore the law.
The war-time prohibition act pro
vides a fine, not to exceed $1,000, or
imprisonment, not to exceed a year, or
It was learned that Attorney-General
Palmer made a statement defining
the attitude of the Department of Jus
tice toward prohibition. The state
ment announces that the Department
of Justice proposes to enforce the law.
Disposition of seventy million gal
lons of liquor now in bond is regulat
ed by the Internal Revenue Bureau.
At present there is no law 10 prevent
Its transportation. Legally only the
exportation of liquor is prohibited.
Announce Rules for Liquor Sales.
By United Press.
WASHINGTON, June 30. Daniel C.
Roper, commissioner of Internal rev
enue,' today issued a statement set
ting forth the rules regulating the
manufacture and sale of distilled spir
its and the removal from bond of spir
its for other than beverage purposes.
The regulations say that a physician
may prescribe wine or other liquor for
internal use or alcohol for external
use where the patient Is under his
Wholesale or retail liquor dealers
may sell liquors to pharmacists hold
Churches and religious orders man
ufacturing wine In quantities not to
exceed 100 gallons are permitted to
remove the wine from the premises.
Sacramental wine is subject to tax.
Roper disclaimed all responsibility
for the enforcement of the wartime
When the internal revenue officers
become aware of apparent violations
of the prohibition provisions of this
act, he said, they should report such
actions to the local officers of the De
partment of Justice.
If there is evidence that liquor Is
being obtained through misrepresenta
tion for beverage purposes the com
missioners will impose additional tax
liabilities and at the same time report
the case to the Department of Justice
The tax laws will continue to be en
forced. Payment of taxes will not
convey the right to act contrary to or
to be exempt from the liability impos
ed by the prohibition legislation. Rop
er pointed out.
The existing regulations governing
the export of wine and spirits will
continue in force.
1 2SMI0O SALOONS OlfT
More Than 60 Per Cent of
Population Already Un
Iiy United' Press.
.' wouivRTftV June 30. Uncle
-Sam, for years past has been the
greatest consumer 01 huoxicbuue.
Rut nation-wide prohibition the
dream Of reformers for a century be
comes a reality at midnight, when the
War-Time Prohibition Act goes into
effect despite the appeal of President
For Columbia and Vicinity: Generally
zair ana somewbat warmer tonisut and
For Missouri: Generally fair tonight and
Tuesday. Somewhat warmer tonight north
Over four Inches of rain Tell at Jackson
ville, Florida, during the past 24 hours.
ana more man one men at uaive'uon, ana
lighter showers round about, but as a
rule fair weather has prevailed over most
of the United States from ocean to ocean.
The weather Is cooler than usual every
where, but temperatures east of the Mis
sissippi Itlver are settlnc back to normal.
In Columbia mostly fair weather with
rising temperature nlll likely prevail over
The highest temperature In Columbia
yesterday was S4; and the lowest last
nigut was tali, i'recipitatlou o.iiu. i.ciauve
humidity noon yesterday was CS per cent.
A year ago yesterday the highest tempera
ture was 1)1 and the lowest was CG Pre
(Summer time) Son rose today 5:4fi a. m.
Sun sets 8:21) p. in. Moon sets 10:3S p. m.
Wilson that Congres.3 repeal It as it
affects beer and light wines. Under
the act all manufacture and sale of in
toxicating liquors are crimes against
the United States.
Whether Uncle Sam will desert the
well-known water wagon for a brief
spree before constitutional prohibition
replaces the War-time Act next Jan
uuary, depends on Congress and Presi
dent Wilson. Congress can repeal the
act, as the ipresident desires in part
or the President can declare demobili
zation of the armed forces complete,
thus in effect repealing it.
The wets today were jubilant over
President Wilson's promise that
"when demobilization is terminated,
my .power to act . . . will be exer
cised " Thev foresaw three or four
months of liquor-selling between the
time when the President acts and the
date when constitutional prohibition
The President's Statement.
Demobilization, it was believed,
would be considered as terminated
when the army had been reduced from
its present size of more than a million
men tc the size decided upon for the
permanent military force of the coun
try, probably about 325,000. This may
take place by August or September.
The President's statement, given out
by Secretary Tumulty late Saturday,
"I am convinced that the Attorney
General is right in advising me that I
have no legal power at this time in
the matter of the ban on liquor. Un
der the act of November, 1918, my
power to take action is restricted. The
act provides that after June 30, 1919,
'until the conclusion of the present
war. and thereafter until the termina
tion of demobilization, the date of
which shall be determined and pro
claimed by the President, it shall be
"This law does not specify that the
ban shall be lifted with the signing of
peace, but -with the terminatibn of de
mobilization of troops, and I cannot
say that that has been accomplished.
My information from the War Depart
ment is that there are still 1,000,000
men in the service under the emer
gency call. It Is clear therefore that
the failure of. Congress to act upon
the suggestion contained in my mes
sage of May 20, 1919, asking ror a
rpnpnl nf the act of November 21. 1918,
an far as it aDDlies to wines and beer.
makes it impossible, to act in this
matter at this time.
"When demobilization is terminated,
my power to act without congression
al action will be exercised.
Close C45 Distilleries.
War-time prohibition today means:
The closing of 125,000 saloons, prin
cipally in big cities.
The closing of 1,247 breweries (1917
Practical abandonment of 645 dis
tilleries,'' already closed as a war
Loss to the government of about
$350,000,000 annually in internal rev
om.o nnd thn loss of several hundred
millions to municipalities for licenses.
Diversion of $2,000,000,000 tne isa
tion's liquor bill to other purposes,
with greatly Increased sales of soft
drinks and ice cream expected.
Hundreds of thousands of men, em
ployed in the liquor business, must
find other work.
One million habitual drunkards
Anti-Saloon League figures must find
some other pastime.
The nroductive wealth ana efficiency
of the country will be Increased 15 per
cent, dry leaders claim, basing this on
reports from prohibition states.
Fifty thouusand druggists wm oe
put under strict license not to sell
liquor except for medicinal or scien
Enforcement of .-prohibition, even
dry leaders admit, will be a big prob
lem fcr some time. Even with Con
gress designating a definite agency for
the work and clearly defining how
munch alcohol makes liquor intoxicat
ing, the task seems stupendous.
19.4 Gallons Per rapita.
n-hfi work of government agents
means, if bone-dry prohibition is to
be strictly enforced, the elimination
of a per capita consumption of 19.4
gallons a year from the American peo
ple. Latest figures show the consump
tion of malt liquors in the United
States as 2.053,457,000 gallons; wines,
52,418,000 gallons and alcohol, 146,
397.000 gallons. .These figuures prob
ably have- teen reduced during the
(Continued on Last Page.)
Columbians Lay in Private
Stocks at Oases in Nearby
THE LAST TONIGHT
Columbia Dry 1888 to 1892
Boone County Voted Sa
loons Out in 1908.
Though 'morally dry since 1908 Co
lumbia will continue to be damp in
spots physically for some time regard
less of the enforcement of war-time
prohibition beginning tomorrow.
"Let 'er go the drier the better,"
one Columbia business man said re
cently. "I've got enough in my cel
lar to last me ten years."
Very few people are prepared to
that extent, however. Judging from
the amount of freight and express
hauled after dark and the number of
apparently very heavy suitcases that
have been lugged away from the in
coming trains the last few weeks, Co
lumbia non-tetotalers have a little
something on the shelf enough to
put'the old-time pep in the Fourth bf
July celebration Friday anyway
Saturday night was one of unparal
leled alcholic revelry in Jefferson City,
and other oases near Columbia.
A few went from here to St. Louis
for the week-end, while the delegation
to Kansas City reached thirty or fort '
An even larger crowd spent J. Barley
corn's last Saturday night in Jefferson
City, while the representation in
Boonville and Moberly spoke well for
this city's thirsty element.
Bars Crowded Sntnrdny Xlghl.
The bars in these cities were crowd
ed from early in the evening until the
doors closed at midnight. Columbians
traveled on rains, in cars and some
on foot to these havens of celebration.
Very few real drunks characterized
the evening, while a large number of
persons were just able to navigate from
lamp post to lamp post.
Circulars from St. Louis and Kan
sas City wholesale liquor dealers have
flooded the mails lately, many of them
coming to Columbia. The response
was net altogether unprofitable to
the dealers, but it was with one foot
on the brass rail that most Colum
bians prepredjtorjthe drouth -(fiJ
Wholesale houses made special
prices in anticipation of July 1, but
the bar prices have never wavered or
dropped a bit in most places. A slight
slump is expected tonight in cheaper
whiskies and other stock that the sa
loon men see they will have left on
bands after midnight.
Budweiser still sells for two bits
the bottle on most bars. In Moberly
keg Budweiser was entirely exhaust
ed Saturday night, with only a small
amount of bottled "Bud" left for the
last day's busin?ss. Other beers are
plentiful there, however.
Bar Prices Still High.
Light wines in nearby towns sold
Saturday night or ?1.25 and $1.50 a
quart. Cheaper barrel whiskies sold
for $2.50 and $3.50 a quart, and the
prices on the beverage ranged un to
37 and $7 for the choisest Old Scotch
whiskies. No marked celebration will take
place in Columbia tonight in honor of
John Barleycorn's retirement from ac
tive life. Taxis will be busy between
here and Jefferson City, while a few
persons are still in wet towns waiting
for the death-knell of their life-long
Columbia's liquor history has been
a long story, varied with many petty
quarrels between its citizens and keen
rivalries between the wet and dry
Columbia Went Dry in 1SSS.
The town first went dry in 1888 but
was voted wet again four years later.
In the eighties a clause in the Uni
versity catalog forbade students to go
in saloons after 9 o'clock at -night.
until uoone County voted dry In I
1908 there was a continuous campaign
to prevent students from drinking. In
those times the favorite way of cele
brating a footl all victory or forgetting
the sorrows after a defeat was in stag
ing a party with all the boys. Final
examinations also afforded an oppor
tunity for a grand old spree.
In 1907 M. H. Pemberton, represent
ative in the legislature from Boone
County at that time, introduced a bill
forbidding the keeping of a saloon
"within five miles of any state educa
tional institution" which had at that
time an enrollment of 1,500 or more-P
students. This measure was aimed
primarily at Columbia and caused a
long fight in the Senate where it final
ly passed by one vote. The measure
was never enforced because the Su
preme Court did not act on it until
after Boone County voted dry in 1908.
Then it was declared unconstitutional.
Another election in 1912 won a sec
ond victory for the drys in Boone
County and prevented the saloons
Dr. W. P. Dysart Operated On.
(Dr. W. P. Dysart of Columbia was
operated on this morning at the Park
er Memorial Hospital.
PASSING OF JOHN
Perfect Weather Helps Pres
ident's Ship on First
"7 Day Out.
AIDS BRIDAL COUPLES
Wilson's Intervention Bring:
Them Home on Same
By ROBERT J. BENDER
By United Press.
ON BOARD THE GEORGE WASH
INGTON. June 30. Aided by perfect
weather, the George Washington today
was making good time on President
Wilson's first day -n the voage back
Through President Wilson's inter
vention at the last moment, seven
bridal couples are comipg home on
the George Washington. The bride
grooms were members of President
Wilson's bodyguard in Versailles.
Expect to Finish Austrian Treaty.
Ey FRED FERGERSON
Dy United Press.
PARIS, June 30. With President
Wilson on the way home and Lloyd
George in London, the Allied peace
commissioners were expected1 to take
up the completion of the Austrian
treaty. The principle of reparation
was agreed to have paved the way for
the remainder of the document.
The Allies will present the financial
and economic clauses of the Austrian
treaty this wee'k, it was learned today.
Polk to Go to Paris.
By United Press.
PARIS, June 30. Frank L. Polk,
under secretary of state, is scheduled
to replace Secretary Lansing on the
American Peace Commission when the
latter leaves for America. The date
for Lansing's sailing has not been
Several Papers Denounce
. Treaty With Much
By CARL D. GROAT
By United Press.
BERLIN, June 30. Germany's re
actionary 'press is sifont regarding the
peace treaty, except for a few papers
which were outspoken in their bitter
ness. "The signing is treason," said the
Berliner Neust Achrlcten.
"The next general election will show
what the Germans think of the treaty."
"It Is only a scrap of paper," the
The most violent article appears in
the Deutche Zeitung:
"A peace of violence was signed at
Versailles. Germany's honor has been
buried. Only incessant toil will ena
ble us to regain our place in the na
tions of the world. Then will come
the revenge for 1919."
The trolley and subway workers
have voted to strike Tuesday. The
railway strike situation has Improved.
Armored trains and tanks are report
ed 'to have arrived in the vicinity of
TREATY TO FRENCH DEPUTIES
Submitted by Clemenceau Together
With U. S. Alliance.
'PARIS, June 30. Premier Clemen
ceau today submitted the German
treaty to the Chamber of Deputies. He
also submitted the Anglo-Franco-American
BOARD OF APPEALS TO MEET
Will Take Up Complaints Tomorrow
In County Court Room.
Any person in Boone County dissat
isfied with his tax assessment will
have an opportunity to make com
plaint tomorrow, when such matters
will be" considered by the Board of
Anneal. Thp. board will meet In the
County court room tomorrow morn
ingand will remain in session until
all claims have been adjusted.
Those whose asssessments have
been raised have been notified, and if
they have any complaint to make,
they will be heard tomorrow. Seldom
any objections to the assessments' are
made and the work of the board is ex
pected to be light.
TO IMPROVE ROCHErORT ROAD
Resurfacing and Widening to Be Start
ed This Week.
According to L. D. Shobe superin
tendent of road work about Columbia,
the Rocheport road in the Columbia
special district, will be widened four
feet and resurfaced with Tarvia.
The work is expected to be started
this week-end or before, if the needed
This road work is some of the first
to be paid for, half by the federal
government and half by the road dis
trict, under a recent federal law.
Press Association to Meet Sept. 23.
The executive committee of the Mis
souri Press Association, in session at
Kansas City Friday, announced that
the next convention would be held at
Springfield, September 25 to 27.
HOSPITAL BOARD TO 3IEET
Will Discuss Plans for New $100,000
Building Arcltitects May Come.
The Board of Trustees of the Boone
County Public Hospital -will meet at
10 o'clock tomorrow morning to dis
cuss plans for Boone County's new
N. T. Gentry, secretary, and H. H.
Banks, president of the board, who
have been Inspecting hospitals in Kan
sas City, Mexico, Fulton and St Louis,
will submit a report to the board as
to what they saw on their inspection
Architects from Kansas City, St.
Louis, Mexico and Chicago have writ
ten to the board asking for time to
show their plans for a hospital. Ac
cording to one member of the board,
it is possible that an architect will be
present at the meeting with plans for
The purpose of the inspection trips
of the board members was to find out
the mistakes other hospitals had made
in construction so that the Boone
County hospital will avoid them.
2-CEHT SHIP BACK
Old Postage Rates Effective
Beginning at Midnight
WASHINGTON, June 30. The 2
cent postage rate, abandoned because
it couldn't keep pace with war prices,
comes back into its own at midnight
tonight. The old 2-cent stamp will
again take your one-ounce letter any
place in the country.
The 1-cent circular rate is aj&in re
stored, as is the 1-cent locals rate,-fand
postal cards no longer require a 2-
Second-class rates will also be
changed. These will be based on the
amount of advertising newspapers
and other publications carry, and the
Outside the county of publication
th'j new rate on the portion of pub
lications devoted to matter other than
advertisements is 1 cents a pound.
If the space devoted to advertisements
does not exceed 5 per cent of the total
space, the rate of 1 cents a pound
applies to the entire publication.
On the portion of publications de
voted to advertisements the new rates
First and second zones 1 cts. per lb
Third zone 3 cts. per lb
Fourth zone .3 cfi. per lb
Fifth zone 3U cts.' per lb
Sixth zone 4 cts. per lb
Seventh zone 5 cts. per lb
Eighth zone 5 cts. per lb I
On publications maintained by and
in the interest of religious education
al, scientific, philanthropic, agricultur
al, labor or fraternal organizations or
associations, 1 cents a pound for all
zones on the entire publication will be
There is no change in the free-in-county
mailing privilege, nor in the
rates on copies mailed for delivery
within the county of publication.
Others Injured Shocks
Italy Continued Through
LONDON, June 30. One hundred
and fifty persons were killed at Bolog
na, Italy, in a succession of earth
quakes, according to an Exchange
Telegraph dispatch this morning. la
Vecchiano, Italy, one hundred were
killed and the dispatch reports that
several persons were Injured.
The first shock continued through
out the night.
L. G. PUNTER TO TALK OX PLATS
F. Horner, of Devereux Players, Sub
stituted for by Former University Man.
L. G. Painter, advance man for the
Devereux Players, will speak on the
plays of that organization in the Uni
versity Auditorium at 7:30 o'clock to
morrow night Mr. Painter taught in
the English department of the Univer
sity in 1911 and 1912.
Mr. Painter telegraphed J. E.
Wrench of the history department of
the University today that Frederick
Horner, former member of the British
Parliament, who was to have spoken
here Friday night had been taken sud
denly ill in Kansas.
DR. HEDRICK BACK IX COLUMBIA
left France June 19 and Reached
nr. VL R- Hedrlck of the mathema
tics department of the University, who
has been in France for some time, re
turned today. Dr. Hedrick left Brest
on the U. S. S. Mobile June 19 and
reached New York June 27. He was
in charge of mathematics instrucuon
in the A. E. F.
Suitcases Boom tn Moberly.
"We sold more suitcases last night
than we have ever sold in one day," a
iMoberly dealer said yesterday morn
ing. "We didn't close until tne sa
loons did. The supply of cheap satch
pI and hand bans was soon sold out-
Then persons began buying grips and
suitcases that cost as high as S15 eacn
just to carry home a few quarts of
II HUNGRY EUROPE
Robert J. Kerner Talks of
Stricken Austrian and
FOOD ALL POWERFUL
Promise of Edibles .Kept
Bolshevism Out of Vien
na, He Says. ,
Robert J. Kerner, of the'history fac
ulty of the University, wEo recently
returned from Europe, where he had
been attached to the division of ex-,
perts in the American peace commis
sion, this morning related some cf his
experiences in hunger-stricken Aus
tria and Slavic states.
For two months and a half Mr. Ker
ner had hi3 office in the new republic
of Czecho-SIovakia, where, with three
other Americans on the American
Commission for Central Europe, he
was engaged in erecting a temporary
lino of demarcation between Germany
""The only thing that kept Bolshev
ism out of Vienna was the promise of
the food dictator to supply food to the
inhabitants," said Mr. Kerner. '
Americans who lived for any length
of time in the Slavic districts, where
the food consisted mostly of unnour
iihing substitutes and adulterations,
soon suffered from indigestion and
other bodily disorders according to
Mr. Kerner. He said he has not yet
recovered from the indigestion he con
tracted in Europe. Extending his arm,
he showed welts which he said were
due to hives caused by a disordered
stomach sustained in Central Europe.
Ate Meat Imitations.
"In the hotels of Vienna and Prague
they served us little brown balls
which we took to be meat, but which
examination showed to consist largely
of old bread crumbs mixed with a few
strands of meat," he said. "Bread
was obtainable once a week, and eggs
were virtually unknown. What little
fruit there was sold at exorbitant
prices. The only meat we could get
was from very old animals, no long
er useful for other purposes. The
Americans improved their rations by
always carrying chocolate with them.
"The inhabitants, who had been eat
ing thus poorly for many months, hadl .
seemingly become partly accuBtoracd'C -m
to the fare. They appeared to be fat,
but it was only an abnormal puffiness.
They were weak, nervous and irrita
ble. This explains the many demon
strations and riots."
Mr. Kerner said he was in Marburg
when one of these demonstrations oc
curred. Met Prime Ministers.
Mr. Kerner returned to Paris early
in March and for the following three
months was in charge of the Ameri
can Division of Political Intelligence
for Central Europe. In this capacity
he met practicality all the prime min-'
isters and presidents at tne peace con
ference. For a year and a half before going
to Europe Mr. Kerner was associated
in New York with Colonel E. M.
House's special inquiry Into the
terms of peace. Most of'the material
presented by the Americans at the
Peace Conference was prepared in
the form of memoranda by the com
mission. Shortly after Mr. Kerner landed in
New York he was engaged by the Hen
ry Holt Company to write a book on
"Winning Czecho-Slovak Independ
ence." Mr. Kerner will spend the sum
mer in Columbia writing this book.
He said he expects to rejoin the his
tory department of the University for
the fall term.
1VATS0X MURDER TRIAL STARTS,
3f!dwny Farmer Facing Charge of Kill
ing His Brother-in-Law.
The Jury for the trial of Euell Wat
son, charged with murder in the first
degree of his brother-in-law, Albert
Sutton, last fall was impaneled In Cir
cuit Court this afternoon.
The principal witness called today
was the daughter of the defendant,
Mrs. Lena Pearl Nichols. She said
that Sutton came to her father's place
armed with a revolver. Mrs. Nichols
said that her father returned from the
field with here uncle and went into -the
house while her uncle got In the
buggy. Her father then returned from
the houso, approached' Sutton and
fired one shot at him as he sat In the
buggy. She said that she grabbed
hold of the gun and helped to pre
vent another shot
Mrs. Nellie Sutton, wife of the dead
man was the first, witness called to
the stand. She said that for the last
seven years there had been trouble
between Mrs. Watson and her hus
band, the defendant, and that Mrs.
Watson, was not living with him at
the time of the shooting. ,
Sutton was lying on a little knoll '
about seventy-five yards from the ,
barn-lot dead when the doctor arrived,
according to the testimony DeaUrwas
due to a gun-shot wound in the right
chest, the charge, having entered the
lung. A part of the forearm was shot
away. It was said.
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