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title: 'The Columbia evening Missourian. (Columbia, Mo.) 1920-1923, September 02, 1920, Page Page Four, Image 4',
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THE COLUMBIA 'VENL&MISSOURIAN. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 2. 1920.
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THE MIS90TJRIAX OF TODAY
The Missourian, fim issued in 1908
u the laboratory product of the School
of JonnulUm of the University of Mis
souri, begins today its thirteenth year.
Through the generosity of an alumnus
of the School of Journaylism, Ward A.
Neff, the School will occupy new
building on the University Campus Jay
H.. Neff Hall, dedicated to the use of
education for journalism. From thia
building, from a modem laboratory
equipped by the State, the Missourian
will hereafter be published. The Mis
aourian Publishing Association, in pro
cess of organization, composed of grad
uates former students of the School, will
assume the ownership of the Missourian
succeeding the present Missourian Asso
ciation composed of students. The new
Association will conduct the Missourian
without expense to the Sute and with
out profit to iu stockholders, all earn
ings being given over to the newspsprr
and the School.
No change will be made in the pol
icies of the Missourian. It will con
tinue to be constructive, independent,
progressive, seeking to be an example
of good journalism, whoBy derated to
public service. The enlarged size of
the newspaper will enable it to do more
efficiently and complexly this pubhe ser
vice. TfHT GIRLS 1EATE FAR
Young women are on the more and
are tearing the farm in greater num
bers than the young men Why this
more? What are they fleeing from?
I is not the city lights that are beck
oning them, t is not the ciyt lure that
is (Wring their feet cityward. It is
at a 'strike against family and home.
The urge is deep and fundamental. It
is the waste of woman power that is hur
rying them on. "When it is known that
94 per cent of the women on the farm
make part or' all of "the family bread,
60 per cent churn their own butter; 96
in cases out fo 100 they do the family
washing, 43 per cent hate no washing
machine and only 32 per cent have
running water in their homes; 92 per
cent do all the family sewing, and
otherwise look after their families, the
average numbering fire persons, and
their homes, meaning in the majority
of cases a 7-room bouse the reasons
why women are Iearing the farms are
not yet complete.
To these must still be added the fact
that "24 per cent of the women assist
in the field work, 25 per cent help to
feed and bed the livestock, 36 per cent
assist in the .milking, BfiOQ include milk
pails in their dish washing and 5,03
wash the separators. Eighty-one per
cent attend 'the -poultry, meaning on an
average 90 hens, and 56 per cent spend
part of their time weeding, boring and
tending the vegetables and flower gar
dens." It is tasks as these and no bright aides
that hare put, and is still putting, the
young men on the roads to the city. The
exodus has depleted farm help and the
burden has been continually increasing
on the shoulders of women since the de
parture of the young hands first began.
And the women are following the path
taken by their brothers. What does ail
thia mean? It means that if we are to
save the countryt'serious attention must
be given to the improvement of country
life. Break, the monotony of the farm,
lessen the burden of women, stem the
tide and drive it homeward by the same
lures and laws that have started it astray
from the home folks.
An Englishman writing a series of
articles on American life has recently
accused Americans of being both pati
ent and polite.
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M. U, ATHLETES
. VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE
Vocational agriculture for high schools
which was started three years ago with
the passsge of the Smith Hughes bill has
grown in Missouri from eight schools in
1917 to seventy-seven in 1920. These are
figures furnished by Theodore Sex
suer of the College of Agriculture.
Recently, a permanent organization
was effected at a convention in the Col
lege of Agriculture by teachers and lead
ers of the work. Problems were discuss,
cd and plans hid for better method of
teaching next year. Experts admitted
it was the real method of "keeping W
down on the farm" and giving the farm
er boys. the firstfair opportunity of mak
nig a success of their life. "Missionary
work," it was called by one an attempt
to reorganize the home through the bojs.
Most of the teachers who will conduct
these courses in Missouri were graduated
from the College of Agriculture.
Two former track captains and a bas
ketball captain will teach tills work next
year. They are "Bill" Sjlvester, Jack
Barlow and Wallace (Mule) Campbell.
Sylvester will teach at Carrollton. Barlow
at Summer and Campbell at Belton.
Another former M. U. athlete, Manuel
Drumm, B. S., in Agriculture. '20. de
veloped a unique system at Cape Girar
dau last year. He enrolled a class of
thirty-two boys out of the country who
A NEW PROFESSION
Divinity, law, medicine and the army
no longer monopolize the inner circle
called the professional. With democ
racy there has come the demand for
special knowledge and expert experience
in other fields. The professions are not
so limited in number now, but they be
come more exclusive by the qualifica
tions demanded for admission.
No distinct line of demarcation can
separate trades from professions. What
is a trade or business today may become
a profession tomorrow. But there are
fundamental principles that distinguish
for practical purposes a profession from
When work becomes so skilled as to
require an extended period of study and
the practice of a special kind of know
ledge, and when the panicubr work is
a service' essential to the public welfare,
the practitioners may be called profes
sional. Such persons especially quali
fied to render public service, are under
obligation to each other and to the state.
From these obligations there springs 9
body of professional ethics.
The press has become alxoluely e.
sential to civilized man. It is the chief
organ in moulding public opinion. It
has grown to be as necessary to social
well being as the sunlight is to physical
life. For the press to function efficient
ly, it must have a staff of experts.
To understand conditions and to in
terpret them, the journalist must have
spent many years in study that will give
him a broad view of life. The principles
of government and progress must be ac
quired. Independent, clear thinking
must characterize his speech. His mind
must be judicial, neier being swayed by
prejudice or favor. In short, he must
have a liberal education and the ability
to express truth in a readable st)lc
It is not sufficient that the journalist
be equipped to perform what might seem
to be the drudgery of getting out a pa
per. The responsibility of serving the
public with unadulterated news and with
constructive criticism must be felt. This
involves a high standard of ethics.
lThe journalist must, therefore, to qual
ify for his work, devote a considerable
period to the study and practice of
knowledge peculiar to his vocaton. fly
knowledge peculiar to his vocation. By
virtue of special preparation and the
public service rendered, he becomes en
titled to admission into the exclusive yet
democratic circle of professions. His
occupation is one "that involves a liberal
A business education is
to get it
ROSENTHAL SCHOOL OF COMMERCE
Guitar Building Columbia, Mo.
Phones 1095 1012-Black
Office Hours Daily Until Scpt.)7, from 1 to 3 o'clock
Open to the Public and University Students
were not attending high school and gave
them the course in vocational agricul.
lure. By this means he reached students
who would not have received training in
Seventeen men who taught last year
are taking a special one month's course
at the Univerity this summer. This
summer term course will be offered each
year as a merns nf keeping the teachers
in touch with the new phases of their
The plan under the Smith Hughes bill,
provides for the government furnishing
one jll of the amount required, the
sute furnishing the other half. A high
school makes application for the course
and agrees to furnish the necessary
equipment. It must also enroll a mini
nura of eight students who will agree
to take the course. Each state is then
given a free haad in working out the de
tails accordin; to the different conditions
and products of tlie various localities.
In Missouri, the student is required
to spend half of each school day in vo
cational agricultural courses. For this
he is given two units credit. During the
summer a project work is assigned by
the teacher, for example, raising a pig. a
flock of chickens or a few acres of corn.
It is now proposed tp extend the present
two year course to four.
I education, and mental rather than man
To secure the rank that journalism
should liave among the professions,
many changes are necessary. Medicine
demands that its practitioners devote six
jears in college preparation before ente
ing the profession. It is equally or more
important that those who attempt to ere
ate and mould the nation's ideals be cap
able. Not every one who is fluent has ac
curacy of thought. Truth is often dis
torted by irresponsible persons. The un
suspecting and-tliose incapable of judg
ing will be lead by a blind leader. Mis
understandings arise, wars are precipi
tated and chaos reigns often because of
' fale or colored information.
' In a democracy, it is essential that all
men have the pritilege of a free press.
Direputable papers soon become known
'as such, but often not until much dam-
I age lias been done. But this is one if
the riks uf a democracy. It is not de
sirable to demand by law that a journal
. it spend six sears of special study be
fore he enters the profession. But much
4 can be done by the press itself to en
courage greater efficiency among its fu-
ture leaders. The adtocacy and demand 1
j of papers for still better trained workers
will elevate the profession more.
Journalism can become greater as It
grows independent. Right is more pow
erful than a party or even a nation. A
, press subsidised to powerful interests op
' 1 . . i- i.-t- .t
poed to truth cannot obtain the respect
of its self nor of the people. The desire
to serve the public must dominate if the
profession -would attain greater prestige,
IU. S. IiEVELOPISG POTASH
Orders ViHli Germany Canceled
After Break On Price.
By United Press.
RERUN. August 15 By Mail) The
Cerman "Kalisyndikat" the syndicate
under government direction supervising
Germany's vast potsh business lias been
trying dictatorial metliods on American
The result Is that American business
is practically saying to the Kalisyndikat,
"Go hang, well develop most of our own
And, American potash buers are suit
ing their actions to their words. Conse
quently, the outlook at present is that the
American market will not absorb more
than 10,000,000 to $15,000,000 worth of
German potash, a year as against five to
ten tiroes as much were the syndicate in
a conciliatory mood.
a valuable asset. The place
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Mm Store Is The Gateway,,;; ,;,
to The Organized Efficiency ; "
The good old
place to a better new way.
The individual tailor who once worked at his own
bench has joined our organization of two thousand
individual tailors working side by sitfe under one "
roof, eaeh man specializing on the part that he can -
do best The result is
More finely finished detail, making a better
r , Great buying power through voltnne . ,
u More economical operation through unity
Better tailoring values as a natural result
It will be interesting to every man
real quality wuuieiis tosee our oiienngs priced in.;
the neighborhood of $60 tailored to individual.
We assume the responsibility of fitting
you tn every respect
Ed. C. KULINUS, Prop. ''
way of tailoring has given1:
Phone 736 :
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