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TOE COflffitBlA: EVENING WlSSOUKtAy. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 2f, 1920
U. S. Is on a Sound .Economic
-Basis With the Great Wave
of Spending Sub-
Call for Money for Building
Purposes Is Strong
Small Houses in
WASHINGTON, Sept. 21. Franklin
Lane, former secretary of the interior
today issued a statement making public
summary of what he calls "the first
comprehensive, carefully made ami ap
proximately accurate picture of indus
trial, agricultural, financial anJ polm
cat conditions throughout the United
Women in Uruguay. Wefer Home
. Economics to tthe Liberal Arts
Women in Uruguay are greater lovers
of home life than are Missouri women,
according Jo Carlos' Monteverde, a stu
dent in the School of .-Medicine of the
University. Monteverde bases hit 'opin
ion on the differences in courses chosen
by girls in the United Slates and in
In regard to Uruguay's schools, Mon
tererde says: "The public school sys
tem in Uruguay is similar to that of
the United Slates, from which it is
copied in tlie main . It has striking
difference, however, with reference to
training of girls, Sihouls of domestic
sciences and home economics are main
tamed for the girls, but a higher edu
cation in arts and science is not afford
ed to the majority of the female popula
tion. In fact, they do not care for those
courses because their main interests are
in the home."
llien asked what differences between
students here and in his own country
were most noticeable, Monteverde said:-
'I think moM of all it is your friendh-
Statea." It discovers in the fore-1 new and oillingness to help a stranger
illioul even ueing asaea. lie praises
ground, he says, that both maior rraliti
cal parties have overlooked the greatest
Issue in the public mind, which is the
cost of living. '
It also shows, he states, that the coun
t-y is on a sound economic basis, with
the wave of extravagance subsiding, sa
ving increasing, wholesalers and retail
e.s optimistic over the winter outlook,
and a growing disposition for hard
work, although the individual product!
Vity of labor is not showing much evi
dence of increase.
In analysis of the survey, .Mr. lane
cays: "With the presidential election
but six "weeks away and the winter rapi
dly approaching many thoughtful peo
ple stand hesitatingly and undecided.
Laving difficulty because of the general
lack of knowledge of business condi
tions outside of their own locality or in
TUNsrosTATlo is mraoroc
Under the beading of indusUial con
ditions Mr. Lane says: "Economically,
the United States is shown to be better
off than any other country in the world.
there is no evidence of idleness. Our
people have the opportunity to work and
are all at work.
"Transportation conditions are im
proving everywhere and a substantial re
daction in the freight car shortage is re
ported In every district except in the
Rocky Mountain states.
a "A ahortage of coal and the failure of
labor to increase individual productivity
appear to be the only two unfavorable
aspects in the immediate industrial sit
uation. The Rocky Mountain and Pacific
state report a sufficient supply of fuel.
All i other sections of the country are
feeling the shortage, but it is apparently
'least felt by the South Atlantic states, x
"Although labor is costing still more
than last year, it apparently is producing
no more. Wages have advanced from 10
to SO percent in the last 12 months and
yet nowhere is there reported increased
productivity per man.
HABDEK TO UOBttOW MONET '
"The call fociiuildings comes loudest
from the most essential places of manu
facture rather than from the retail cen
ters, and.it is for low priced dwellings.
"In the financial field money is tight.
That may mean scleral things ! First,
that the people want money badly, to
put into producing activities; second,
that the banks attempt to get Whatever
the traffic will bear, shearing close to the
akin; third, that there is an inadequate
supply of money, or, fourth, that those
who have money lack confidence. There
are other reasons no doubt, and among
them that the dollar now buys less than
heretofore; people .with money wish to
charge mora for the service than money
-gives. No one can accurately say wlu'cb
of these causes is the most important
factor, but probably all contribute to
the present situation.
secondary and super instruction. The
primary includes the first seven years of
instruction and is compulsory. The sec
ondary schools correspond to your high
schools. In both primary and secondary
schools physical training is compulsory.
We believe especialy in keeping our
boys and girls fit In order to do this
we copied the physical education given
u the American boys and girls. We
have tome American directors for our
athletics, but our country has sent men
to the United States for instruction in
the physical training scbols.
LAKCIUCES EXTENSIVELY T4LC11T
Monteverde says that foreign languages
are taught extensively in Uruguay's
primary and secondary schools. He has
studied French five years and English
three in these preparatory schools. Now
tbe lendenjjy there is toward more Eng.
lish and less French.
Concerning higher education in Uru
guay, Monteverde said: "We have col
leges fid universities tbe same as you
.'lave, lhv Mayo was in South America
five years ago to examine the hospitals
and medical scbols. Upon his return to
the University gills and says be admires ' the United Slates, we felt very proud of
them mure than those he saw in New J his statement thai our medical college
Yoik, I at Montevideo ranked as high as any
2.D0O.COO rtoru: in liuciuy. j medical college in America. We have
A common mistake made by people in school of 'aw, commerce. chemHtry and
ihe United Stales, according- to Monte- dentistry. The first chemical college was
verde, is to think of Uruguay luul Para-t organized six years ago by Dr. Latham
guay as countries of similar develop-1 Clarke of the United States. It turned
mtnt. This he attributes somewhat to oul immense quantities of chemical prod
the geograplucal ioctaion of the two I um during the war.
aounmes, and partly to the ending, i "Slight schools are provided for the
"guay." forking classes. Attendance is increased
"Few Americans know much about my by a law which makes tbe maximum
cuoMo." ne says. "There are about wort lot day laborers forty-right hours
two million people in Uruguay, a half teach week."
million of fcbo mare crowded in the city Monteverde described Montevideo as
if Montevideo. The rest of the country a "beautiful, clean city with all the mod
is tpa-sely populated. Cattle grazing is era improvements of New Yoik. It re
,he rLief urrupailin cf the rural folk." sembles New York, loo, in that it has
"There are ihree classes of schools in people of every nationality Ihere chat
Uruguay," he said. "They give primary, teiing in their own native tongues."
Hear EsleUa Hibbard Osborne, Pian.
fist, in the A. C A. Concert in Uni-
yersily Auditorium, Sept. 2& Adr.
SPEAKS 0 LATIN AMERICA
IV. J. Burner Says Development
There Depends Largely on l'. S.
"The hope of Spanish America is in
the development of her natural re
source. Since the rest of the world is
disorganized, this deielopment will
largely depend on the United States,"
said W. J. lljrner in a talk on "Latin
Ameiica and Its Problems" before the
International Polity Club last night.
The twenty Spanish American coun
tries were described by Mr. Burner as
var)ing much in geography, development, .
and products. Eighteen, of them have ' PROGRAM
Spanish as their national language. .
French is the language of Ham and Many Jdeas About the Meaning
rortugues is the dominant language' of f r n i -i -.- r
rnier Jonkheer, "Ch. Ruija de Beerea
brouck, of Holland. '
The chairman of the American execut
ive committee who made arrangements for
the congress is Edwin C Dinwiddle, for
merly of the Anti-Saloon league.
Still MaUa Baafagcf.
The ChurchwomenJ League of Patri
otic Service in New "York ia still carry
ng on the kind of work the women were
trained in during the war, Since tbe first
of the year 20,000 garments, bandages
and surgical dressing have been made
for tbe city hospitals.
Presbyterian Women Develop f
More Efficient Organization
The Woman Auxiliary of the Presby-, members expect H.wH bev doubled. The
teriaa Chorch'has been organized morejamount raised will V divided among
effectively than ever before. Members line benevolent cause of the church ae
of the orgaiuzation have been d.vi ded ' Jn Xa of dut"bution ''
into seven croups each of which has at' it.
Errand Tdefinile par, of it, benevo- The seven groups have a ff
lent and relief work to carry out. With 'of nearly a hundred and fifty- For the
tS definite scheme of special tasks, I most part they are classified so that a
greater result, are being obtained. , "b ' belns'na urally to one of
The auxiliary set for itsdf a minimum fc a. the older women cir
budget of KOO to be raised for ex- def the businesswomen . circle and the
penses. Already this amount has been '" men "
oversubscribed and Mr. J. M. Crockett. The vaiiou taft of the organiza
preaident of ihe auxiliary, said that the'tion a a whole are:, Foreign missions.
ministerial relief, rapport of an orphan
boy-at Elmwood-Orpaanafe- at Fanu
ington, social work among strangers in
the church and among University stu-
ffents. the raising of ISO for half schol
arship in the School ol tne uzaru, ine
provisions of winter clothing for a girl
at the Hmwood Orphanage, making
clothes for local charities, the visiting of
stranger in hospitals, and the contribu
tion of bedding, etc, for the School of
'the Ozark and the Elmwood Orphan
age. ,A combined meeting of the circles is
held the second Friday of each month.
The session occupies the entire day and
include work In the forenoon, luncheon
at the church, and a -program in the
afternoon. Each circle also ha a sep
arate meeting once or more a l
A class in mission study will be i
ed October 1. All who are inta
should tend their name to Mrs.
Dumas. The class will study as a I
"The Church in the Ijimmitmiy " b3
The JffsM vlna Bitlnen Ofte
TIrgtaU Bafhibfc DavnutaAiTj
The offices in Jay IL Neff Halt i
Until October 1 tbe business i
of The Columbia Evening Mil
will remain in its present location
il telephone number will be
aarne. No. 5S.
The new joffice'will be In Sw
Hall, phone No. 274.
1,500 Delegates Frqm Many
Countries Come to Wash
ington for Meeting
BraziL Negroes form a good part of
the population of Central American
stales and many South American coun
tries are great Indian countries atilL 4
The United Stales, he said, is .a vast i V""4 '"
country with imperial responsibilities ( WASHINGTON,
sou v,uu us soumern coast line on me
Isthmus, The countries of Central
America and those on the northern
coan of South America are therefore
of peculiar interest to the United States.
Any intrusion there by foreign coun
tries would quickly be regarded as "an
unfriendly act." The firl American ei-
tcditionary force went from our south
ern states to South America in 1741 and
made an unsuccessful attack
of Prohibition Germans
Except Beeir French,
iwj oiiiciat representatives from prac
tically all civilized nalioos'and delegates
from all important temperance societies
in the world met here today in the open
ing session of tlie Fifteenth International
Congress Against Alcuholism.
World known scientists, cconomis's,
phjsicians, psychologists and ciimnoloz-
sis will present in a six day program this
eck an exhaustive, scientific indictment
oscy or srEMitnc is r issue
"The telegraphic reports frum every
section of the country slate that the
banks are well loaned up, although
money is available fn the east and cen
tral districts at from 6 to 8 per cent in
terest. The Southwest, Rocky- Mountain
and Pacific states report the highest in
terest rates, averaging from 8 to 10 per
cent, and in the mountain district as
high as 12 per cent.
"There is great encouragement, how
ever, to be drawn from the fact that in
only one of tbe nine geographical divis
ion, the Rocky Mountain, has there been
a .decrease in bank deposits during the
last six months. While the general in
crease includes corporation deposits, in
dividual savings accouuta show a tnofe
marked improvement everywhere. This
seems to show clearly that the orgy of
spending and extravagance la over.
"Politically the replies indicate that il
i too early to tell what the llutcome of
tbe November elecion wilt be. Three
month ago there wa a stronger Repub
lican sentiment than there appears to be
now. Tbe trend has been, and U. Re
publican. What it will be-in November
these gentlemen do not prophesy.
"The business outlook appear to be
good in every section. Wholesaler! and
retailers new the fall and winter optinus
icajly. The retailer is finding that tbe
consumer is looking forward without fear
to the winter and hi purchase from
.the wholesaler are founded upon thia
optimism. From the simple toiler through
to the tradesmen, to the industry and the
financier there runs the connected feel
log of confidence."
thegenia. While the United States has
xrown by leaps and bounds, Spanish
American countries have grown slowly.
L Mexico had a greater population than
the United Stales in 1776.
The result of our growth has been
jealouy, suspicion and fear among
those weak southern republics. They
watch closely every move of the "Coles
us of the North." Americans show a
tendency lo overflow into those south
ern countries, and in this lies the pos
sibility of trouble. Between the formal
Latin American officials and Ihe enter
prising .Americans there is bound lo be
friction until they arrive at a better un
derstanding of each other.
"South America is one continnent not
eompletly del eloped," said Professor J.
n" of John Barleycorn and alt his work.
,' French representatives of tlie Li
Gel $ a Bay In Tip.
Tip amounting lo $50 a day are said
to have been reeved by a boy employed
n open motor-car doors outside a big
Too Late to Classify
LOST A bunch of keys between 9th
and Bass avenue on Broadway or Willis.
Finder return to Harris. 11-19
LOST Bunch of keys on heart shaped
ring, at postoffice. Academic Hall or be
tween these places. Finder return to Mis-
sourian office. S-23
FOR SALE Ford touring car; good
running condition. Price fttt& Phone
FOR RENT Room for two in mod
ern bouse; boys preferred. Phone 1103;
814 Rogers. . FJ9
FOR RENT Two unfurnished rooms
close in. Phone 427 Green. W-21
WANTED An experienced grocery
clerk. Permanent position with good pay
to right party. Robert Rogers, Grocer.
SITUATION WANTED Man and
wife with experience as cook want em
ployment. Will consider offers -from fra
ternity house. Phone 1279-Black or call
at 113 Worley. J 21
exclusive proposition, co-operating with
poultry raisers of Boone county. Can
prove that our men average $100.00, a
week. Many make much more. Should
have team or car and -$300.00 capitaL
This wdl bear strictest investigation. See
Mr. Carnc Saturday evening or Sun
day, Boone Tavern. C-lStf
Centre I'Alcool conceive prohibition as
applying to brandies and cognac but not
as to light wines. Some of the Teutonic
represei.'atives except beer, and several
j Scandinavian favor tbe "Brail system"
consisting in a liquor card system and
licensed drinking clubs.
Although the congress is expected to
give a great impetus to Ihe anti-alcohol
campaign throughout tbe world, no deu-
nite organization to secure worldwide
prohibition will be farmed here. In ad
dition to the varying views of tbe member
lie congress regard prohibition as a
purely national problem.
Americans in charge of the affair call
attention to the predominance in the mem
bership of independent scientists, 'econ
omist and sociolopsts ol repute, and tbe
comparative absence of clergymen and
so-called professional "temperance (advo
cates." The fifteenth Congress is a postpone
ment of one prevented by the outbreak of
ihe World War in 1914.
Since then temperance victories have
been gained, notably toe Eighteenth Am
endmenl in the United States; various
"war prohibition" enactments in Europ
ean countries; complete prohibition in
Finland. 1919; local option granted in
Denmai-and Scotland; "light wine on
ly" prohibition in Norway, 1919, and es
tablishment of tbe "Bratt system" in
Since tbe last congress several neW
countries have come into being at a re
sult of the war. Practically all have rep
resentation in the congress.
In -spite of the fact that we are still
technically at war will Germany and
Austria, these latter countries will have
several representative at tbe Washington
Prof. J. Conser of Berlin is a member
of tbe executive committee in charge of
the affair and will deliver an address.
ProminfV foreign names on lha pro
gram are: Doctor Ley of the University
of Brussels; Doctor Legraln. Paris; Dr.
P. Amalfi, Florence, and Dr. Eudo Monti,
An interesting, figure will be Dr. M.
Helenius-Seppala, the "Kramer" of Fin.
land, the only other country with America
to have absolute prohibition.
Americans included- on tbe program
are William Jennings Bryan. Attorney
General Palmer, Secretary of the Navy
DanieN, and Dr. Harvey W. Wdsy.
tne president pi the congress is Pre-,
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Your measure. is exactly
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Think this o'ver and "see
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Tv 2&assjr M laHaaii '
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C.'W.MARTlN,Mgr. 22S.NINTH ST.
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