Newspaper Page Text
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THE COLUMBIA EVENING MISSOURIAN. TUESDAY. NOVEMBER 2. 1920
PARTY WAS A
PnTiiirtwl f-n.:..4r 17 . !
-"""" wiguiiizauuti ruriucu
in 1850 to Combat Lax
HAD NATIONAL POWER
.Constitution, Ritual and Other
Secret Papers in
If you don't know the history of the
Know Notbinc Part), you might le
pardoned for thinking it an apt title
for the politi)sl aggregation t fclnch you
do nut belong. On the contrary, this
party had, daring it Lrief esislencc, a
distinct;..! ii its ovn. It ias the only
political party that as ever organized as
a secret society.
Just prior to 1850 there vas much
agitation about the lai immigration law
and the part foreign born citirens were
playing; in politics. Several secret so
cieties were organized at that lime viliich
were called natitist societies and had
for their purpose the exclusion from of
fice of citizens not natiie ! Amrrira.
In some manner not quite clear there
grew from these societies apoerful;
organization that for a few years was ajiu mctling fr tonignt. T(m. n, mt.
of office I
It is a fact tliat alxmi 1850 the laws
of immigration were lax and therfl was
a great deal of fraudulent naturaliza-
lion. Corrupt politiruns used the for-
tignbom element to swing elections. o
itr.ig ran the feeling against this
i'wv.kc tut in.ti. j M--r wkihj
viiosc puriM .s to rvinkit
jjuifju; is iu rvntuji 11 iuu (
...... .. . .. - - I - . I.I
I-...KX1. itiiiiutui uiriuuxriMUU nu i-e-rt.
.. . , .-.
e -nj mine w uir uranuaiHn a
wrrrt. MtmUrrn rrr forbuWrn to ad-
mi, uiat mm,, a sociei) evistci ,.r tt-t
national iower m the selection ot ..nice';.. ;n i i,i.i ., o : ,i v
uw -..,..S". ...... ...in, asr.i auoLl-j,,,,,, ,,!,, ffl.e br ,!,. aJ
It, a roemlr alwa). replied, -I know pa!d hi, lIn!Iar- 0n the license hook his
nothing about it. From this the party iir a trtafM as gray; his eyrs blue;
rame to be known as the Know Nothing ,i. age, 83: and his name, R. a Price.
Party. Later it was also called the He signed the book unaided by eye-glass-American
part). The real name was e. Mr. Price is the olde-t man in thU
the Supreme Order of the Star-spangled tount) to take out a hunters' license, crease of only 353 since 1913-191 L This
llanner. jl!rant Hall. 81 )ears ..Id, is next oldest. mall rate of growth dtirin the war
The meetings of tlie local council-, aid For the place of youngs hunter, period Imlds down the estimated enroll
ed the ptale and national councils were three hovs, each II vears old. are contest-' ment for 1930 as compared with oilier
kept secret At first candidates wtre wt. They arc: James Weldon and IL cli.ils ..f imir size. Tlie I'niversitv
selected secretly from those nominated ' R- Iiohinon. Jr, of llallcnlle ard ' of K'an'i, had an enrollment of 3.509, an
by the other iw-ies. Bv lhrowin? their
vo.es in this way it was hoped to gain
tlie balance of power. This strategy was
quite Nicces-fcd but the party soon be.
came strong enough to put forth n
own candidates with a chance of electins .
innn in iris -!. ui.a . iu.i .
wvsw- -s ... acn v.,tlMVIIH v IU1 UC
and Dclawirc and polled 120,000 vuies
:.. v, v jl i ioee .t. .
M oew lorlt. In 1855 thev crc fruc-..
cestui , Uir.-.Vw Engbnd ite. J v. rjavis. count) clerk. Such weather
earned New York. Kentucky and Call-,,, j for ,IacU
forma. The part), strength was due' Flhrtn fUt anrt w toun,y ,;nw
largely to the dissolution of the Uhigs. fcet, iHued dBring lhr f, n( October.
( -When the slavery question Wame loo The total number issued for the )ear ro
.n.lent to be ignored, the Know Noth- far i, C62. However, the two cUys pre
ing tried to supersede It with their fight ceding the opening of the bird season,
against aliens. In order not to antago- November 8 and 9, will see the greatest
nize either North or South they tried to I sales. There are a number of quail shoot
Straddle the slavery question, but this crs in Columbia which include E. Sid
inove was fatal, for the slaver) question ' tey Stephens, K. H. Price, iu C C
obscured evrry other issue and many of 'Bowling, John N. Ta)lor. F. E. Higbee,
the Know Nothings joined the ranks of Fred C Brown ami Homer HeibcL Tbc
tbe newly formed Republicans. With
it cause a dead issue, the part) could
not live and by 1860 it liad disapreared.
In tho State Historical Library' there
are copies of the constitution, ritual and
other papers of the order. The principles
of the society were intensely patriotic.
The motto was: "Americans only shall
rule America." In some copies of the
ritual the secret words and signs are
left out and in ?me they are printed in
There were three degrees of the ritual,
which was comparatively simple and was
patterned after those of oilier secret so
cieties. In the charge of the third de
ject is briefly tbi: to perfect an organi
gree the purpose is stated: "Our ob
aation, modeled after that of the Con-
fttitulion of the United Stales, and co
extensive with the confederacy. Its oli
jeets and principle in all matter of
national concern to be uniform and
identical, whilst in all local matters the
component parts sliall remain independ
ent and sovereign within their respective
limit. The result, lo be obtained the
only one which can secure a perfect
guarantee of our future is union: perm-
.anent, enduring, fraternal union."
The secret codes used were of two
kinds. Tbe national organization sent
-out communications and publications
with fhe important wards in numbers.
Tbe "jstrm was so simple that when a
"person gured one or two words and
put the number opposite the letters.'?" "e,UM" - I -""" lu"' -'
the code system could easily be worked I1"8' durins lhe "'
out. The e,t half of the alphabet was
represented by the odd numbers from
l'to 23, thus B was represented by 3 and i
C by 5. The last lull were in like man
ner represented b) the even numbers '
from 2 lis 2(i.
The state council for Missouri made
use of a rode but little more diffimlt of '
.dution. A cipher disk, which i two
alphabets arranged in ritcles mi that
any letter may In- placed ...we jBy
i.ttier, had to be usuj in enciphering and i
deciphering the words. There is one. id ,
these disks in the Horical Lilian i
rdlectlou. Like lhe number cipher tuis'
syslesa is easily snlred. It is uot difficult '
6 guesa some of the word, and from
these th. ,r- ,-. rv-j. r,
s..iei mined. hich gives the meaninf id
lall the enciphered words.
To become a member, a man hid to ,
I be a believer in the one true Cod and
.win required to be a Protestant. By a
Mmnlr Lut imnressive cererannr the can.
I Jidate a impressed with the principles i
jof the order and a then mien the pin.
ijuMitwu rfiui uimicm un. idc na
lional fljR pbjol an important part in
The board of the Women's Council of
llie Christian Church will meet at
church tomorrow at 2:30 o'clock.
The Christian College Club will met
at 2 JO o'clock Thursday afternoon at the
home of Mrs. .V D. tuns on Fulton,
The regular meeting of the French
dub will be held at the Delta Cjmma
house. WJl Providence road, at 7:30
Tlie Chautauqua Club will not meet
.Wednesday evening on account of the
(conflict uith other meetings on that date.
.Instead, the meeting kill be Friday even
ing in the Y. M, C A. Duilding.
The meeting of the American Institute
of Electrical Engineers was postponed
until tonight because of the Engineering
Club meeting laot night.
The Jophn dub vtill meet at the Uni
versity Library at 7:30 o'clock tonight.
Plans for a' part) to be given in IS'ovcm-
I1"' M "Pipleted.
The Universil)-Ad Qub has postponed
!I. C A. auditorium, at 8 o'clock. At
prt.nt. forty count) representatives
l,e rermrted. According to Louis D.
letter, chairman of the Cub. man) more
cuntv clubs have Ihtii organized, hut
luve fjile.1 l.i ai(H.mt a delegate to the
Ik. . Ilk!-- 111. -T I 1.11. IT..- -TI-j .
, rij,. .. r :. T r. .- !-.
11 i.fiucsi .iiiiu in Munr I.UUDIY iu
T . n . nun;n. pPmt
T , . ,,fr, 1..."r..:-
;ffM ,,,;, JMr nrUlIy ,fpp, in0 ,h(.
Thomas Rndhouse of Columbia.
In speaking of hunting. Mr. Price said,
"' am now in mv 'h year and have
oevCT f-lfd ,0 tAe "" hunting licene
tach "r "nce ,he hunting license law
H." 'n",ed; 'me 1,un!H 7"
-.-- - ... . .... . .-. -. . .
, . 11
inttnd to make the feiihcr-i
fly aain thi- fall.
iwmy iiaj irnnincn ine 111 01 nuni-
t. ..i . . -
juiny ila). Irnftthen the lit of hunt-
average hunter, however, hunts rabbit:
All the money received by tbe state
from hunting licenses is ued for the
hunting preserves and to the benefit of
In all, 882 licenses have been is-ued this
TO SEEK RANCHES TO ENGLISH
Ranchers Will Organize Syndicates
to Buy Oregon Tracts.
Bv RtarnoCAL Jirws Service
Lomkiv, October 15 (by mail). Hen
ry Lyman Norton, of Missouri, Mont,
lias arrived in London for the purpose of
selling Oregon ranch lan.L Among oth
er tracts for sale Mr. Norton ha two
great sheep ranches of which he is pre
pared to sell for $SOO,000. He repre
sents a Seattle bank.
"This trip is an idea of mine," ex
plained Mr. .Norton. "During the war 1
was an ambulance driver, and occasion
ally got into the British zone where I
met young English officers. They all
seemed eager to move to the United
States, particularly to the open west,
where they would have outdoor work and
plcnl) of room for eipanion. I am here
now to organize them into syndicate to
buy these ranches as going concerns. The
English seem lo have been the most sue
cesjful sheep ranchers in the world. This
is a great opportunity for them.
"I am not disguising my interest in the
proposition but the percentage I make
16 Elvira Bldg.
For Insurance That
SMITH & CATRON -REALTY
ESTIMATE M. U.
WTT T T?NROT T
8,497 IN 1950
Literary Digest Contains Re
ports Upon 210 Col.
versities. . . .. . . . . ,,.-,
the.". J. ifttljIi jflArt InLt
Enrollment in All Save
Schools Has Increased
During Last Six
" cities after they become of age. There automobile parts that cannot be welded
The University of -Missouri will have tilcJ. sre at a jlttj,antege because they i in other wa)s often results in a great
an enrollment of 8.-W7 students in 1950, a1e training; or trade and are forced saving of time and money,
according to the estimate contained in a M become day laborers. The school wei Onrral meclianics is a training
report base.) upon returns from 210 col- ore opening gives tliem the opportunity the mechanic in the general repair shop
leges and universities to Julius II. Barnes, j0 go luck to their home community and jof the small town. It includes work in
djirman of the Institute for Public St- I practice the trade they have learned, or the blaiksmitli shop, machine shop, pipe
vice, which is published in part in the'to go to the city with the assurance they J fitting, sheet metal and repair of ma-
current issue of the Literary Digest.
During the last six. years the enroll
ment in these institutions has increased
from 187.000 to 294,000. A proportionate
increase during the next thirty jeara
will mean an enrollment of 1.133JXX) in
195a The enrollment statistics for 1919
1920 are Jjven in the rert for each
school, together with the increase over
1913-1914 and the predicted numbers
lfi A Ag
regular session, excluding summer se-
ion and extension students.
Only U of the 210 schools have h.-t
in the last six years, their total decrease
being rnl UA students. Tweuiyighl
institutions more than doubled their per-
'rentage ol gn.wtlu
llir Univerit) of California, with
113 students enrolled last year, an in-
ereao- in sir years ..f fi2S, is the larg,
i'"'j ury-iurii iiiiiumoii. 4i UK
f.a. At a .I.il. T. -T 1 . 1
"-" !- i i'-rm it cutinuinru. inc
enroll men t in I'M) Jk.uIU AZSj&.
rv.t 1 i i i i
",,,rr "--"S .uuui sutponru cm..m
a,r CulKpc i.f the Qt of .NW York,
hk- in imij -i .iiiiuj;jn( me -.nncri-iij
of Illinois the Univrrsitv of Minnesota.
the tnir-rsily of Wi i.n.in and Ohio
Stale I" J versily.
Tlie I niversity of Missouri, accwrding
j Uiis rejiort. had an enrollment of 422
m uir regular session Jast year, an in-
increase of 132 over 1S13-1914.
The largest privale'y supported uni
versity is Columbia University, with
9,114, an increase of approximately 200.
Harvard's enrollment is riven as 5.373- an
increase of about 1,000 in six years, i
laic ranks below- Missouri in size, with
an enrollment of 3,157. a decrease of 81
student since 1913-1914.
cjivtui.? i-s-... "
"SIXTEEN RECEIVE IiEfiBEF
Local I. O. O. F. Led,. Raiws Mm-'
Dcrshlp Drive to 600.
The third degree was conferred on a
cla--i of sixteen candidates at the Ode"
Fellows' Hall ht night. A large number '
of Odd Fellows were present at the meet
ing. Tlie Columbia lodge, which is the see
onci largest i-vage -n t0e staje, is putlina
CrtTtil A.-. Mttmt L- .!. . . ,
" .-.".. i" i me izrgesi loogc s
it the beginning of the next vear. U'lih I
the aprb'callons voted favorable last night j '
the membership in the local lodge will
number 490. Tlie lodge expects lo reach '
.!. eon .l i. .-.. r . - ., . . i
-.re sw U'Sl. U) CUC lirSC Ol UIC )C3r, ZUt
in view of the fact that the Geor-eiown
lodge at St. Joseph, which now rank as
the largest I. O. O. F. lodgeln tbe State,
and lodge ?Vo. 5 of St. Louis ate nuthinr
ahead th-ir enrollment, the local lodge
has raised its goal to 600. A man for
man drive for November was launched
last night, in which every member is
pledged to bring in one application dur
ing tliat month.
At last night's meeting J. .L Baker.
w'hj ha been a member of the lodge for
forty-nine years, waj present. In Janu
ary he will have completed fifty contin
uous year of odd fellowship.
To Attend Northern Convention.
Tlie Rev. J. II. Ceorge wilLaltend the
Northern Convention at Hannibal Tues
day to Thursday this week. Mrs. Frank
Derring will be the delegate to this con
vention from the Woman's Auxiliary.
Say it with Flowers
Fresh roses cu' every morn
ing. Also all other flow
ers in season, always right
from our eleven modern
We are members of lhe
florist telegraphic associa
tion and can have orders
filled in any part of Ameri
ica within an hour.
All kinds of Palms, Ferns
and other decorative
Remember .always fresh
flowers when ordering
SVPSSh find Pr-vnrlu.-!l'ef
The aim of the new engineering short
course, uliich begun here today is
jto provide speedy but adequate training Lcn. elcling. blacksmithing and
. for those men who are mechanically in-' general mechanics. To enter these cour
clined but vilio base had no " specialized es the Indent must be at least 16 year
training nor other education than 'that, old. physically strong autl well developed,
of a grade ftliocl. Wotkjne in a machine or automobile re-
"In the cities there Is opportunity in
trade schools and trades In receive train..
inc for practical work." said It. V. Sel-
ijge. vi ho is in charge of the correspond-
wjt fnr lh rmrf fmirCii
! "In the smaller tons
. M JMWISS V ..- S,VIUStiy
cmincis mere is nine enancr lor tne
.mechanically inclined boy to serve aa
snnrenticeshin or eo to a trade seluiol.
As a result many prefer to go to the!
can get a better position tlian lliat of
common laboier. Our plan is to bene -
fit the industrial life of the state."
Enrollment in the course this term is
not eipected to lie large, owing to the
late start in advertising it. Manv of
tre students will probabl) arrive late, ac -
rordicg to Dean t J. .McLaustland ol the equipped Willi coHege-trainccl men, it me
-clmol of Engineering. A large iumber. ' course in blacksmithing is taken advant
1 owevcr. are eipected to 'enter the second . age of. This course deals with the work
. I T 1IM1 1 !r ! .. Llaistrasvitlli n.l ill SIM.
M- C A. is looking after the housing,.
problem for the new students, hih is
a serious one. Thus far about eight)
ooms have been listed. Together with,t
th- students ,n the SWt G.urse in A-ri- CHICAGO WOMEN UNCOVER
culture. alout Tift' are etpectcd.
Tt ...!... -f . :.... :.. .1
;, m,ul ,,f(r-ent tlunlu oilier of
...-,.. j.. ... ............ ........ ;,.,
ftrfl ,j . s!eil of rjigineeriiig. 11c.
lotdnig to Mr. hije. The HuJenl
Jevotes his rnlire lime .. die trade lu-
-fioo--". i iniT vcn n arr-Hp;cmfni
I . !!. ." - .... I.
CC can ritnipicic ui iijiniii ni iioiirr
Jme tiian U uiul.
"Our roal building courv U of
il imporlam f at llii lunr." xl Mr.
.itnuf,-. .... i-- ....s. .... .s- .,
lutomobiles in the rountry an.l the dr-
cand for better r.ads as a consequence.
aecall lor men skilled in roan buildiu -
tnd maintenance has increased. There
re few trained men in this line of work.
" the road bond iue carries thp demand
r skilled men will be still larger.
, "V.'itli skilled men," he continued,
Money will Ik- more wi'el) expended
ji.l a hftlcr quaht) of roads will be built
with the same monej. It would pa) ev -
... ...... ....
rry count) in the state to send its road ' j
iipervisors to th- Dnive-rsity for this
ighl weeks" courre in roadbuilding. Tbe
plan at prerent is to continue the work
in a course made up of four eight-week
erms. This will run through two years."
In the course in roadbuuuing the stu-
Icnts will have the opportunity of using
-ountv and city machinery. The course
ill deal with such practical problems
a drainage, earth roads, gravel and bruk-
:n ro:"1s foundations bridges, culverts,
..: t ,,l - ..f c,;.,s i:,l. f
Ji' s:mp'e tnl' "f "I"U,S mlVing
PIPE'S l lii. thin? with
ii V D C Tines nten tcbx,
!i S 1 ---a-J-e II .v.nys
; i niiim- cxF'wm
! aiaR-f Ufll II; agBfg
Vi ck HL I
Tlu riliiniliin ma- "xjili II I III
f IRHII Hi
chine is tlie best that one HHHBH
R9vT7a9l H II I II!
can buy.v J lillfl H
Its superior tone, qua- HH U
lity, and workmanship K '"'"jj BP
make it stand out aBove lfcH "j F II
all others. It lias the an- J I , - I I
tninntii ctrvn v I It I til
I" SS M 111 , ,
Scott's Book Shop
,. . I ggpB-i i)
twi i Sfex i
kt h&'r v 1 . fl
:'7; . t I , g
2Hy J WTTFWl 1
HEsPy' v ' Lmsv f
l"ho specially teason".! t;eniiioe Fteurh briar breaks in sweet
md mcllnw. It ut!l not met or burn thtoufeh. The
WDCTningle on cne bgwl u jour guatamee. AV any
WM. DEMUTH & CO.. N,WYORK
WORLO'S LARO CT M A
Course to Give
Help to Untrained
repotls and reading specifications and
I pair shop todav is an art requiring no
small amount of technical knowledge as
veil as practical
kill. The course in
joiy-acetylene weldiag ill be especially
valuable to men vtho vaisb to engage n
general repair work, according to Mr.
Selvidge. bince every' small town has
a shop equipped vtitli an oxy-acetylene
welding of castings and machine and
outfit, it should have a large field. The
chiiiet). The student is given tlie oppor-
1 tunity to specialize in any branch of this
line of work he feels the greatest need.
i The blacksmith shop, which is such an
I essential and inevitable part of every
'farming town and stopping-off place in
J Mi" souri. will in the future, in part, be,
us problem, he mVt meet in the repair
, of farm machinery and equipment.
.,.,,. p...,,:,,;, ,!, Tn. to 11
Mndrstv Forbid the Top to
Shown For a While.
rhi.ar. men lilay are able to see a
i , (lf ffIn;mill, tUPy lu,rn't gazed ur.n
1 1 a 1, n :mr a kuiuia rar-4.
They are sluwing "em here now all
but a little hit of the top.
Mme. Uiuise. a heautifier, tidd an inter
viewer flu! women generally were un-1
veiling a bit of their cars. '
"It would lie loo immmlest and shock-
inc to slum the wliole car, she said.
1 .- t,r apper p,,-.;.,,. yi rrmain a m)-
trrv fr a ..hife,"
i)n ,he 0br f , jjn p;,. ,ar ,he
tg;ti rr aJdJp,- a Itttle dash of rouge tc
tn,alre it pinker. Mme. LouUe said.
, -t ,,Is charm anil a subtle suggction
f m ,i,4cit)," the madame explained.
That Waste Material
has Money in it
We pay Highest Prices
Chicago Iron and
fj'ed brains are reliesed.
K CR SsOF' FINS .P I - C $
H i HO
ti;F.;-: JPI li
1 1 in
Under the spell of I Mil
OCCURRENCES OF OLD
OF CLOCK AT PRESENT
Did you ever notice that all officially
painted signt of clock in front of
iewelers' shoDS and all picture of
watches in catalogs were set at exactly
seventeen minute past eight? Did you
ever wonder why some of them wcrcn t
siileen or ghteen minute after that
hour or whv the supposedly witching hour
of midnight was not the iavored timer
A. J. Johnson of the Lindsey Jewelry
Store tells that this time was the hour
and minute that the curtain in a theater
in Washington raised and President Abra'
ham Lincoln was assassinated. AH
properly regulated signs, according to
Mr. Johnson, have since that time
symbolically represented that the death
of the great man stopped time to grieve.
In a certain old town in England, N,
V. Lindsey relates, there is a clock used
for government employes to go to work
by. The worker were often late at
noon and they attributed it to the fact
that they did not always heac the one
short stroke. The employer then pad a
special clock arranged that struck thirteen
times instead of one for the bour-ihey
returned to work. This was over a half
century ago, but the clock still runs and
still strike thirteen times at 1 o'clock.
Do you know why the four on clock
is written IIII instead of using the usual
Roman numeral IV?, Jewelers say that
a rather igrorant watchmaker once made
a watch for a king that was very beautiful
and perfect jn workmanship. The king.
liowever, objected to the four being writ
ten IV and insisted he would not look at
it until it was changed to till. Since that
time watches luve alwavt been made with
four I for the hour of four.
All this goes to sliow that mystery and
romance are found in other things in a
jeweler shop beside hourglasses.
The purpose of Ae Red Cross ser
vice is to make Roonc County a better
place to live. adv.
The Best Bet
Isn't art election bet it's
tliat Special Lunch at
Diel's. You can't lose.
The odds are a hundred to
one that you'll get the best
lunch you ever tasted.
,.J g5-P-Bgg-5 I
General Admission Tickets
For Tonight's Show
go on sale at 7 o'clock, when the
doors will open.
Unreserved seats are to be ob
tained at box office on south side.
Many election Lets will be paid
off with Chocolate Shop Candy and
Tavern Drug Shop Drinks.
We know tin's because any one
who can pick the election winner will
be able to pick the winner among Co
lumbia confectioners! when the) col
lect their bets.
Suits and Overcoats
in the store at
Don't Wait Get Yours Now!
Be sure and watch the
date on your ticket See'
if your ticket is for Tues
day Wednesday, o r
Curtain Rises at 8:15
.''hone 366 iWsr;