Newspaper Page Text
SAYS RUSH TO
TO INVENTION :
Fewer Fanners Needed Since
Adoption of Machinery,
it TARIFF PARTIAL CAUSE
.Resources of World Have Only
j Been Scratdied No Limit
Lj. to Possibility of
J. -n T . .
mc resources vi utc verm iiae oiu
beta scMtdied," laU S. 0. Groincr, a
Hstant professor of rural economics of
the Collect of .Agriculture in fpcaljat
cl, tlw dfcrea-e"l'inxli.'fiioa ! iinf
j mine, lior- and cattle in man) places
as tlwnn by llie recent census nporU.
Mr. Ciuian said the United States a
fast liccorsing an ntnfeivc croprahin.
'hefn anil .itll,. .iri now ceurralh
3 Ijrinp raised in Argentina and chei
South American cou.nti.u-, ince ine
TJaiied States find it more profitable t
ipccialize in grain. Thi is due to lh
fac tint e !-Jic larswr, more eficientK
liumrtil famn than in Enrol-, tliat, be
fore the war, 9,000.01.10 Americans pro
laced about one-half ai mncli as 6&000,
010 people on V other lontinrnt
There are plenty of resources in the
world." he continued. "V f" Tear
ago cottonseed wa little ii-ed, but now
it and rctabc product- am fa-t sup
T. planting lard. For a time all tlw cam
"' r. I il .....1.1 u-.. .tLr..1t..l lir ill.
V 'vim na ..vim".. "i -
"" japanev, and the price of tli'n drag in
ed enormoujlT. iow eainpirar -
radc synthetically in i-ttr laboratories
Obi resources and tltc possibilities of in
prating them, opened to us by our io
entic rciiiuses, arc without end."
The last census showed thai a litlU.
less than omMliird of llw icople of tin
United States live in the country, when
as in 1790. more than nir.ct-fe pe
cent were actively engaged in sericulture
Professor Gromer does uot bclietr thai
llih means the most intelligent, proves
she and ambitious jouhk mm anu
frWSwVomcn of the land are floelinp to tlit
city, but that tannine lias liecome more
-. . ,i i. i
tCfifcjent, aPU a smaller nuinuer uic uwsi
ed to 'do the worL.
"Winn niiirl)-fe er cent .l tl
people litnl in the country in 1790," he
said, "there was little tipurtaliim oi :
aericultural products which meant that :
tone ieron was able to produce lil for
only one and one-nineteenth isdjwduals.
introduced and b 1866 out of tlie farm
"A little before 1840, machinery was
introduced and by 1C66 mot of llw farm
operations were done with it. illi tlie
plow- and the reaper, fewer farmers were
lajKcded and the percentage living in tlie
counln was smaller. From 1866 to the
I rrcsent time, tlierolunv been far reaching
f"" "trrrenlions, such as die self-binder, in
ternal combustion engine, tractor, roller
flour mill and the cream separator, to
male agriculture more efficient. Kailway
tranitortation lias improved; pcoph
know more abont soil fertility and
animal and plant life. Farming h i-ow
so efficient that one person produces fod
enough for three jeion. Fewer people
are needed in the country, and it is tc i
the advantage of everybody that the !
surplus in the country sliould move' to
the cities, thus effecting a belter division
of labor. It ra rculld in the ilnelop
luent of manufacturing and in raising the
standard of living.
n VNo," be concluded, "tin- eple in
tlie country are not going to the Mirls.
Nevertheless, to hold tlie be-t Dpe of
people there, we mut luve satiJactory
,wfcial and economic conditions."
Part of the decrease in the last ten
" jears is probably i.ue to war conditions"
" -said Dr. II. C. I'rown, professor of
"The demand for munitions
ond ships during tlie war mav be, in part.
the cauve.of the . .lywarJ migration. J
iince there is no local food shortage in
'Sp'our country, sentiment has not been turn
cd against farmers deserting Uwvr oc-
Jt is rnrsible that the protective lanX
according to Dr. Brown, through its
fostering of certain manufacturing in
tluitncs and di-crimination agairst the
farmer, is one of the factors drawing him
to the' factories and the drafting boards
of the. city.
The Christian Church
IWALTER M. HAUSHALTER, Minister
From Nov. 28 io Dec. 26 the Pastor Offers
Two Series of Sermons, as Follows:
Sunday Mornings; 10:45
TheXXth Century Christ
Nov. 28 The Second Coming of Christ.
Dee. 5 Christ At Armageddon.
Dec. 12 -Chriit Inking
Dec 19 Tlie Mystic Christ of Christ- J Christmas cantata ,....L.noir
mas "Resurrection" ....i Count Leo Tolstoy
Dec 26 Chri-l As Wo'rld Ruler. J 'Everlasting Mercy". . John Museiield
; J. . .V&V 5MP WOKE
77MV JFO.UEV, "jOM SIF
HOURS JRE IRREGUBAR
menu ( iw" " "- - t""-i'
who diftura vou uv tncic sercnaning in
sttort, tlie men students of the t'nivcrs-i
ily of Miuri, sleep more tluui the wo.
Ttie Iiovs of the Lniversily sleep seven
and a half hours each night, according
to an average taken trom titty boys. I hi
: r ."TiriV-j " IC i. .
jirU oi me luiocish. sicvp uj ei ..
a lalf hours aecording to statistics tsfcen
from hone presidents by the Y. , C
The bo) am ierhaps more irrcjulari
in their sleeping hours tlun the girls. j
Manv lvs often sleep as little as two
nr three hours somw night's and as raucli
a fiflten Iwurs ifcber times. Several
bojs sleep only fir Iwurs. Some of
luc ay that it is nnv! neces-arw to sleep
nore; otlurs say they liaven'l time. One
.tadtnt called attention to the fact that
rimmas X Edison slept very little and
-aid tliat. in order to, imitate this great
man. lie did not sleep jnuch.
Tho-e wlio sleep siv and seven hours
usuallv say tliat they are too bu to
-pend more lime in slit-p. One student
. he grt more pleasure out of beini;
awale tlian sleeping. '
"l would hie I" sleep eight liours" sa"l
ne. "hut each of rov loichers think r 1
un ulii'S aly one couim-. o I only get
is." One 1'T mH tliat be siient etpht
hours in bcl, but I e was Jkept awale Iwo
1io'ir by hi roommate "poundiiy;" a
Not all of tlie students sleep lefs tlnn
right li"ur: several sleep ninet and ten
Imurs. A 10-hour tliMr said that he
though: lt,t of 'leep wis good fin a
-tudent and that he gaiif-d enough In
learner- of tlniucht. made ivible bv
(be extra sleep, to more than male up
or the time lot, besidrs,'Iiesajs be j;cts
a great dial of pleasure from sloping.
One student said tliat ! slq't tiinc
Iwurs each night. lccaue he didn't Iiave
.inj-thing cbc t h but study, ami he
ilido't want to do that. A H'plwmore said
that he slept nin Iwurs, includir the
(our in military at which be was often
TO (JIVE COSTUME RECITAL
Stephens College Voice Pupili Will
Present "Down on the Plantation."
"Down un the Plantation." a co-tume.
iccital. will be givrn by the upils of
Miss Frances I). Woodbridge, director of
he voice department of Stcplwis (J
lege, -at 8 o'clock Tuesday night. Nov m
ter 30, in the college auditorium. The
orogram will be as follows:
Tlie Old Ark Is A-moverin'....a.Cuion
Miss Mary Kate Miles.
Lullabv, adopted from Humorcsque..
Mies Lois Kobcrts .
Lindy ., ipross
JlK Loreen Moblcr
Mamwy's Song Ware
Miss Mariorie Mynatt
Didn't It Rain? Negro Spiritual arranged J
by -.1... turner
Ii'cs Velma and Thelma Jferedith
Uncle Home .........Homer
Miss Edier DIanleirhip.
I Want to Be Head) Negro spiritual ar
ranged by Burleigh.
Mis Margaret Eddins.
Du.lv Lullaby Gilberte
Mi.s Hallie Kedman.
Two Lovers and Lizzette.. ...... Homer
li-s Martha Stoles.
.ilel by Miss liulh Forsler.
My Mamm) Neidlingcr
.Iiss Helen Crispin.
Old Watt and the Rabbits Homer
Mis Lucile Meinhoffer.
WTien tlie Angels Call. Homer
Mi3 Cwendoljii Robert'haw.
What the Sandman Says Horner
Miss Elizabeth Roucher.
Since You Went Away Johnson
n Ante U Hum Sermon Rurldgh
Miss Helen Cunningliam.
Ilanio Song .-. Homer
Miss Opal Proctor.
Negro Strenade Burleigh
Mm Hilda .Mill-paugli.
My Way's Ooud) Negro spiriuial ar.
rang'il by Burlcich
t .. tf.l. f ... lt.SPtl.lt
Mim,c o A CuioB
Mi's Stevia Creeu.
Nobody Knows the Trouble I See Negro
spiritual arranged by.. Johnson
Mi-s Cyril E. Meyer.
16 Elvira Bids.
! "Tlie Light That
ifTTY POWER "
, ,,, r T 1,,
Replacement Value Ot Llgllt
I aJ Water Works is DoU-
Lie Original Cost to
imim nnvn tcctten; MATIK
i uuu uunu ijjms .....-
Securities Sold for Construction
and Purchase at Various
Times Total .
"r" ' $265,000.
In a recent report made to the City
Council the present value of the Muni
cipal Light and Water Plant was placed
at S219JH. This however is merely the
discounted worth of the equipment which
is in the jJmt at present and of the
buildings themsilvri taking no con
sideration of the recent increase iu their
The actual, replacement value of the
plant today is reported, by city officials
and by members of the Water and
Light Committee of the City Council to
be approiimtarly lialf a million dollars.
To get at the real value of the plant
line mut go bad to the time the Gt)
bought from the Columbia Water and
Light Company their plant which "
located en the IlinlsoVi Creek tfne mile
east f the business district.
According to the records the follow
ing are tin; bond issues which the City
ias made for Water and Light purposes:
April. 1. IWk $100,000 for purihase
and ron.truction of plant. -t
October 2, 1905, $10,000 for coir-truc-
June I, 1V06. $30,000 for construction.
Oilobtr I, 1910. 5123,000 for con
struction of niw plant.
The bond isuc of April 1, 1901, was
for the purpo-e of purclia.ing the plant
from the (aty light and Water Com
pany, wliiih Iiad been fumidung water
and power to the city for twelve jears
previous to that time. The purchase
price a3 dttermin'ed by a Water and
Light Commission was $67,306.82. tlwugh
dditional supplies Io the amount of
$1,17X11 were later included, bringing
.he total up to $63,680.03.
.Nearly all of the machinery purchased
from tlie Cojumbia Water and Light
Company was Mild and a n?w plant
Erected at Moore's, Laic, about two miles
northea-t of the busiress district The
131,821 remaining from the original 'is
vue of lionds was spent in repairing itlie
plant which was transferred, to, Jlorrc's
Lake. Later it was found necessary t6
issue the bonds, v October 2, 1903. and
afeo of June 1. 1905. This money was
alo spent on the. plant. The to-
.al amount spent on the original
plant was $ 71,820. and the $63,680.03 paid
to tlie uilumbla water ami Light Lom
,-iany, made a total of Jl'loioO. In March
1910 this plant was rained at $107,100.
This estimate was $33,000 below the
bond issue of $140,000 and represented
he depreciation and losses in purchase
of machinery. On December 2, 1909,
.he Water and Light Committee ot the
City Council engaged tlie services of
Professor H. B. Shaw, then dean of the
School of Engineering, University of
Missouri, and Henry II. Humphrey, a
cnsulting engineer from St. Louis to
make an investigation rnd report on the
EIectricvLight and Water Works Prop
erty of tlie City of Columbia. This re
port was made on March 14. 1910, tit ,
outcome of -which resulted in the voting I
by the City on bond isue No. 4 for
$125,000, and ths letting of the contract i
for an entirely new plant ami switch for '
dtlivrrii.g coal by car from the Wabash
tracks le bunkers at the planL This i
J plant is locate! aVut one hundred yards
ea.i 01 iicre ine 01a piant was. ihcj
Will Itavc its twelfth an
nual Japanese Sale in lite
basement of the Christian
Church on Saturday, De
cember 4, at 2 P.M.
In The House"
C. R. Kennedy
Failed". . . .R. Kipling
. . t
' THe'cOLUMBIA EVENING MISSOURIAN; SATURDAY.NOVEMBER
anal) sis of the epnditure for tliat plantl
Bond Fund ' 123.000.00(
Real Estate .. 6.750.00
Generatirg Plant .J 54JI.00
Railroad Switclr 3J33.46
Sewer - 915.58
Watrf Mains ..,.i.s -3062.60
Total v '-.. m83L64
llie contract for the new plant was
let and it was constructed during the
year 1911. According to the report of
II. II. Humphrey, of St Louis, which was
turned in to the City Council unly re
cently the value of the additions,and im
provements since 1911 is $141,331.70.
Taking the cost of the improvements
$111,341.70, and adding them to tre cost
of the plant, J200J13l.6t, the total cost
of the plant up to date is J34J.179JJ1,
not taking into consiueration either ue
preciation or the tremendous increase in
the value of such planta iu the laM
tliree years, Depreciatiir is laiM to lie
very high on electrical and water equip
ment, and, according to tire figures of
evaluation engineers, tlie proper depre
elation to charge against a plant is ap-
proximately 40 per cent of its cost value.
Forty per cent of the above cost figure
is S13&&71.74, which is to I subtracted
from tlie total value, giring $203307.60 as
the present valuation of the plant if
litre were no increase in value to be
taken into consideration. According to
ofncials of the Gly Light and (alcr
Plant and alo of valuation etigiueers who
have been connected with the plant, the
increase in value will be approximately
200 percent or M10A15.20, which is the
present replacement cet of the City
Water and Light Plant Tlie. City is
now tlie owner of a plant which is worth
approximately one-half a million dollars.
DRAMATIC PLAYS THURSDAY
Students to Present Productions in
To t-miiii a ,lr.m,iv m... i- i.
will J.,, , , ""T""- ,,1 mc"
will serve a a background for the work.
of the course in Dramatic Interpretation.
is the aim toward which facult, member,
and students are working. At the dra-
matie performance, con-istiug .f three
onejci nls.. t,M, .til I- :. t.
rocmbers of die cunrsc next Thur-day
evening at 8:15 o'clock, in the I'nivers-J
ily Auditorium, under the personal direc -
tion of Prof. Robert M. Dewey' a souve-
nir program will be on sale, th proceeds
from the sale going toward the museum
Seven hundred invitations to members
of the faculty and friends of students
in the eoure, will.be issued for the per
formance next Thursday evening. It
will be the fifth group of one-act plays
to be presented by- members since 191
The three ''plays to be riven are con-
lrat(ng in nature. "Will 0' TheWi-p"!
by Aliss Doris llalnun. is an impression
istic episode, wlule Plots and Plav
wrightC by Edward Massey is realistic.
"Tlie' Dear Departed-" is a broad romedf
t Ihrongnoiit. The lust play, which
tragic ia lone, tells the story of a poet's
wife, wlu undertakes to discover the
source of her husband's inspiration and
who. in so doing, is lured to her destruc
tion by her spirit rival, the Will O' The
) 'P- Mi Frances Balne will take the
part of The Stray; vMiss Jessie Harris.
the Country Woman, Miss Edna L. Das.
ket. the Poet's Wife and Miss Dorothy
Ranson, the Serving 'Maid.
Tlie scene from ?Plots and Play,
wrights" depicts the familiar theme of
a poor girl who falls in love with the
son of a wealthy broker. In the attempts
of Iier two friends to save her from ccr-
December 10 is the last !
day uc can make,
sittings J or the V'
lograph. . )
.:., .tUinnointment. lies the story of the
teenc. The cast for tlie play will be as ,
follows: Alice, !i Sarah Moore; Bes-;
ie. Miss Mary Coons: Edme, Miss Be-sj
Mestrrey: Maggie, Mis FrauVie Wil-j
!, t.. .r wTI n, nnsTted"
cnien arennd the return oi Abel Mcrr,;1
weather, who U llnuiht to lie deaiL and
nl cau-rf'S much di-comfort to his
ihuchters and son-in-law, who have been
attempting to, divide his property.
Ti-lw-ri. Rsrnttt viill uke the tart of
Ir Slater: Mrs Jordan. Mi's Katherine
Campbell; Henry Slater. J. W. Sbumakc;
Ben Jordan, F. V. Roberts: ictoria ,
Slater, Mi Mary Warren, and Abel'
Merrywrathcr, R. P. Snedigar.
n.mmittees for the performance are: 1
Stace .Manager, II. J. ocnucs; uEmine.
p . Roberts; Gistumes, Miss Mary i
, chrrry;1 Pro pertics. Misses Lillian Slccfc-J
man and Mary Sleclroan; Mific, Benton
Gabbert; Seating, Miss Lucille Cherry.
NORMAL TO .CsiTjlORE FUNDS
A Banquet prepared by Hoard for,Ma
As a result of a meeting of the board
of regents of the Soolhwet Miouri j
J jy'Teacliers College in
: will be '
this week the Stale Legislature
asked to appropriate $300,000 for a large
addition to tlie college property.
Alihou-h the Snrincficld school is the
last of the state colleges to be established I
in Missouri, It has the largest enrollment I
and has long been oiercrowdcd. Tlie an.
nual budget alo was prepared and Willi
be submitted to the Legislature. I
Underwood Typewriter Wanted, j
Wanted to rent Underwood typewriter j
that is in good repair. Call 631. adv. j
A Real Opportunity
A chance I
e to engage in the permanent ;suIij6c tfjjt 1.
ing busine-s of selling Ipois.' ' , ,.
Repeat orders form a steady oune .
. ,, . i - 1 .1 .1
' ,e ?"C ? T f
rih1M andI a,j Und" 5" IaU'' 7'
steady svurie of
fuwl ar,lcl" Uu" ,are -U"U OTrr, ""
onlcr,-d oc7 "V '" ".'. , "mC'
Complete sales campaigns with adirrtis-
"S 1'lcrature and a.mplcs furnihed.
Vour sales guaranteed. Lach.of our
iP"!"'18 ma'1 ll'eae voir customers or
i money will be rcfcndciL lour future
is a.i assured success if you answer this
advertisement at once. We are the larg- j
est pa lers of speciall) fool products in ,
the world. References: any bank, rating j
agency. Express Co, or R..R. Co- in j
America. Address Studejits DipUl
Federal Pure Products Co- Cliicago, JIL
"Down On the Plantation"
Costume Recital;.,. , .
By PupiU of MUs Wpodbridge Director of Aroice Dept.
'" TUESDAY' EVENING; NOV. 30, 8 P. M. .
Stephens College Auditorium i
When Winter Gomes
You'll want to "warm up"' between classes.
Whal's, more natural than a cup of hot choco
late at fu e caits a cup? It takes but a minute
Ic drop in and get back again. - - - - -
GROCETERIA AND LUNCH ROOM
"Where Tigers Eat "
f JUNIOR -
t iff - '" r- ' w
St Louis Cash:-Whe.t, 3 cent,
higher. Na 2 re., winter I?, &,PU
" 178' '
' T7 t
THE GIIAIN ALlUvt,T
. . -i
1 hard 101; ro. z uanif n- ;j -- - '
' uu work but big pay.
Corru. steady to 3 cents Jdiher. So.
" 73; No. 5. 71: No. 4. 67; Jvo.,5. 6a;
No. 1 yellow 7i; -o. z yeiiow in; .'" -
"s ,Jow 73. V 4 yellow 68 a
5 -ji,.- 57. Ka 0 ytUow 02i N01 1 white
7,; No. 2 wliite 74; No. I liilc'67 a I
j,,. 5 whi,0
Oats,' 1 rent higher. No. 1 white 49'j;
, , vIlUe jjifc- No. 4 while 47H-
1 ' niuaou . rsi-j
Open High Liv Close
You are invited to attend Dean
Waller Williams' Bible Class at
jlhe Broadway Odeon at 9:15 a.
un.. tomorrow morning, nis
"By Their Fruits'
The class is a part of tlie Presby
terian Sunday School. A wel-
, conc Js accorfjyf (0 aH persons!
. , ,, .
in the community.
SERVANTS NOT OBTAINABLE
Kvill Not Do Laundry Work or Cook-
inr Want Bie Jlonev.
"They don't want worV is the ex-
pUnation of Mrs, William Hirth, West-
- '-" V T
CL. ..b. it... .1. Hffrertied for a
' of T() gj,, an -
I -j- , ,, ..i.-:c,mnt Thev wished
ji,, oti, together, one as cook and the
other as chamber .maid. when she ex
Columbia Theatre, Mon. Nov. 29
DIRECT FROM THE SHUBEIIT THEATRE KA5 S CITY
iw. mm AtciHfl 'vk.
B H M 1 Ufci?W.
iHf RICHARD 'feV -.
B WALTON jlML.
m TULLY Ita,
V- Presents QpNKBL.
W (jAS.G.PeED&) V VVf
T' GenLMVr. I) B
& vsSrlXtJ lrB K. B BfltK
mByRKHMD Walton Tully HL
tJfSs. BCTTrVTIUN EVER .HrF
totoCMM WM.TON TOLLV
mm Favorite JDrama .
ivith Florence Rocktvell and Singing Haivaiians
SEATS SATURDAY 9 A. M. PRICES, 2.20, 61.65, 1.10,
55c TAX INC. '
In less than an hour after an
animal is dispatched in a Swift &
Company packingplant, itis hanging
up as meat in a room 'brought by
refrigerating machinery to a tem
perature just above freezing.
From that time until it is in your
own ice box within two to three
weeks it is kept at the same tem
perature," first in the coolers at our
packing plants; next on our refrig-
erator cars, more than 6,000 of which'
are constantly moving to market
with their perishable cargoes; then
in our refrigerator rooms at our
branch selling houses; then in your
dealer's ice box, and last in your own.
Only for the few minutes while
it is being put into the refrigerator
cars at our packing plants, or taken
out of them at our branch houses,
or whisked to your retailer in our
trucks, is it exposed to any change
Without a skilled use of this sys
tem of cooling, made possible by
modern science, you could not get
fresh meat, prepared under most
sanitary conditions, except at greater
expense- unless you happened to
live so near live stock-raising centers
that your need could be supplied
from live stock raised near-by.
If the fbrtfofc raises any.tjoestion in
thecaind of the reader, we wiTTeodeavor
to .answer H, upon request.
Swift & Company, U. S. A.
ulaincd that it was only a family of
three and that she needed only one scr.
vant, the girls turned and left without
Another housewife saiJ that she went
up , one ride ;fj the street of the negro
district and down the other trying ta
find a servant, iat without success. Shed
said, I uoot know how they make i
living. Tber wont wish for yoa aay
i and th(
thev wont work in your Jmej :
icre are no factories here for then
to won in. im mcj iciiaiu.j musi ute
- ; someway.
k ww d
- ..afcy .V.Ajfc' Aa3bft&iSfe"feW, , ;,