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Cbc Professional World
RUFUS L. LOGAN, B. 8. D. EDITOR
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
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Special rates of $1.00 per year to
Advertising Rates on Application.
Job Work of all Kinds Solicited.
Published Every Friday.
Entered at the postotrlceat Colum-
umbia, Mo., as second class matter,
Jan. 15, 1902.
Agents wanted in every town in the
HESS or THE MISSOURI STATESMAN.
Pay your subscription to the
Professional World and save us
the trouble of sending you a bill.
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Sample copies furnished free of
Ocr thanks are due the follow
ing named persons who have re
cently subscribed for the Profess
ional World : Prof. O. A. Coffin,
Lincoln Institute, Prof. W. B
Highgale, St. Charles, Prof. Vir
gil Williams, Linneus, and the fol
lowing named persons in Colum
bia: Rev. Frank Venable, Mrs
Jennie Samuels, and Mrs. Fannie
L. Jackson, of Brown Station.
Prof. E. A. Clark, who was
recently elected to the presidency
nf T.inonln Tnnt.itaitn tnnk fhr(fl of
trint inaf.itntinn on Fflhrnarv 3rd.
President Clark is a man of broad
calibre and an experienced educa
tor and should have the undivided
support of the negroes of Missouri.
With such support he will doubt
less make Lincoln Institute the
greatest negro college west of the
WHY NOT COLUMBIA?
Macon, Mo., Feb. 4 Postmaster
W. J. Wilson was notified to-day
that the postal department had ap
proved the report of the inspector,
and that an order had been issued
for establishment of free mail de
livery in Macon, June 1. This is
the smallest town as regards popu
lation in the state to be granted a
free mpil delivery. Republic.
And why not Columbia and
Boone County. We have a lot of
roads that are in first-class condi
tion and a county seat with a popu
lation of 5,650, several hundred
more than Macon (which has 4,
0C8) and is a better town in every
way. Some strong petitions are on
file in Washington, in which Con
gressman Shackleford should in
ARE OPPOSED TO FOOTBALL.
Michigan Colleges May Unite in Move to
Prohibit the Oanie.
Olivet, Mich., Feb. 8. There is
a concerted movement on foot
among Michigan colleges to do
away with football. At a meeting
' of the college branch of the State
Teachers' Association it was
voted to recommend that all col
leges unite in prohibiting the
Faculties of nearly all colleges
in the State are now considering
Its1 opponents regard the game
as physically injurious, and say
that it has not Derformed the off
ices which its friends claimed for
it namely, that of increasing
PrPAl P I-Aa! Pf API Hannibal arrived Thursday to at
F ICC r ICC r I CCi tend the bedside of Mrs. Sexton's
Your photo enlarged to
life size will be given to the
one sending the largest
number of yearly subscrib
ers to the Froessional
World between now and
April 1st. Contest open to
all. Sample copies furnish
ed free on application.
Have your watch repaired at R.
L. Hopper's Drug Store.
Attend the memorial exercises at
the Second Baptist church Sunday
No one should have damp feet
when rubbers and shoes are sold
below cost at C. B. Miller's.
The Fred Douglass school is
moving along nicely under the
supervision of Mrs. H. A. Clark.
Mrs. P. C. Crews is still sick at
the Methodist parsonage.
Postmaster Samuel B. Elkins
returned from Washington,
Go to Oilman & Dorsey's
drug store for all kinds of
Editor L. H. Rice, of the Mis
souri Statesman, was selected by
the State Press Association, which
met in St. Louis last week, as one
of the delegates to the National
Press Association which meets at
Hot Springs in May.
The St. Paul Masonic Lodge No.
12 and the Golden Queen Court
No. 19 held joint memorial services
at the Masonic hall last Wednes
day evening. Addresses were made
by Rev. P. C. Crews, Rev. J. A.
Qrant, and others honoring the
name of the late Moses Dixon.
Now is your chance to secure
shoes of all sizes and styles at al
most your own price at C. B.
Mrs. Ann Fisher is quits sick at
the residence of Mr. W. W. Lamp
kins. Buy your meat at O. E. Rader's
meat market. He keeps a full line
of '"sh and salt meats, game, fish
and oysters. Excellent service.
Dr. King's Golden Discov
ery, the greatest cough rem
edy on earth. Get a trial
bottle free at Gilman &
Miss Mary Diggs, of Qeo. R.
Smith College, attended the funeral
of her cousin Miss Stella Diggs,
Mr 8. Margaret Akers conducted
an excellent musicale in connection
with the banquet given by the la
dies of the Second Baptist church
last Thursday evening at the Fifth
Street Hall. The selections ren
dered were of a high class nature
and appreciated by all present.
Miss Lucile Smith is sick at her
home on Park Avenue.
Dr. Anna B. Marsh will leave
with her mother and children for
her home in Tennessee some time
Oet a pair of the latest style
patent leather shoes at less than
cost at C. B. Miller's.
All kinds of Jewelry at
Gilman & Dorsey's.
Mr. 0. E. Rader conducts the
most up-to-date meat market in
the city. He keeps a full line of
fresh and salt meats, oysters, fish,
and game. Finest steak on the
market. Two doors north of the
The Columbia band will give an
entertainment at St. Paul's Hall
next Thursday night, Feb. 20th.
An excelent program is being pre
pared for the occasion.
Get your meat at O. E. Rader's
new meat market.
Yirgie Schweisch got his ankle
sprained while coasting on the
Lincoln Institute hill last Mon
Have your prescriptions
filled at Gilman & Dorsey's.
Rev. J. W. Sexton and wife, of
father, Mr. Beverly Chapman, who
is seriously ill.
A Greene county editor found
an elastic band recently, which,
according to his description, was
too small for a belt and too large
for a sleeve holder. He advertised
it and the next day a charming
young lady called and identified
it. While the editor stood blush
ing, she thanked
it over her Bible,
im, and slipping
VIEWS OF TWO MISSOURI EDITORS.
Foot Ball vs. Obedience The
Two Ideals Prominently Set Forth.
Witter William in Sunday Republic.
Doubtless there are many Mis
souri young men who would be
benefited by knowing that k does
not require a bank account to get
an education. There are, it (roes
without questioning, in the State
to-day boys who but for lack of
confidence in themselves would
become educated, useful men and
of vulue to humanity, but because
of lack of encouragement they do
not dare to attempt the battle.
There are this year in the Mis
souri State University in round
numbers 800 young men. Most of
these Are sent upon their parents'
means. It is further a fact that a
majority of those who make their
way have done so by teaching,
alternating in going to school and
teaching. But there are also a
surprisingly large number making
expenses while attending the
State's big public school. And
a further gratifying fact is that
the field is not crowded. Columbia
is only a town of 6,000 people, yet
there are many, many ways in
which to earn one's board and
clothes money. In this last few
years several men have developed
here have finished their ed
ucations and a few have laid aside
Perhaps the most successful
man who has solved the problem
is J. Earle Dunn. His history is
little short of marvelous, yet it
shall not be the slightest over
drawn. Mr Dunn's home is at
Clinton, where his father is a man
of at least comfortable circum
stances. He sent his sod, Earle
here to take academic work. Young
Dunn is a fellow of good build
and took an active part in athletics
almost immediately upon his ar
rival. Football season opened and
he was pressed into service. lie
made the team, playing half-back
lis father was bitterly opposed
and as an ultimate resort to deter
the young man wrote him that if
he appeared on the gridiron in a
certain game his allowance would
immediately be stopped. Dunn
played, nevertheless, and his
father was as good as his word.
When his next month's allowance
failed to come he immediately
went to work, meanwhile keeping
up nis lootnau ana university
work. He gathered up laundry
for a local agency. The following
summer he managed to get an
agency of his own and by the
opening of the fall terra be was
making good money. 1 lme passed,
he employed a town boy to help
him. lie saved bis money and two
wagons with "J. E. Dunn" on the
canvassed sides collected laundry.
He did typewriting anything he
could get to uo. by this time his
English training began to be val
uable, and he wrote some stories
for various newspapers, besides
corresponding for them.
When the free-mail delivery was
established here he took an ex
amination and received badge No. 2.
He was finally compelled to drop
his university work. The practical
had claimed him, he was a man of
affairs. He had taken besides his
academic work a year's work in
law. He carried the mail, ran his
laundry wagons still, and became
the owner of two small cottages in
the edge of town. These he still
owns. Last September he resigned
his position as mail carrier, sold
his laundry interests and went to
Boston. A half year a work in
law at the Boston Law School
fitted him for practice, he thought.
He had tasted too deep of the
practical life. Returning to Mis
souri he went to Carthage, where
he opened a law office
This is, of course, an exceptional
case, but there are many more
examples of men who are devoting
only enough time to outside work
as will pay their expenses and put
ting all their spare time in on
their courses, preparing for lives
President Arthur T. Hadley of
Yale University, said recently
that a college education offered
three things: Theoretical know!
edge of principles connected with
business, breadth of general cul
ture and friendships of service.
If there is a young man in the
State who wants an education let
him have no fear of setting foot in
the estate university town pen
niless, if he has average brains
and Missouri pluck.!
Contrast Sharply Drawn And The
From the St. I.imln Olirlstlnn AdviwHle.
A few days since we read an
article from one of the best known
and most successful journalists
in Missouri, a man whom we great
ly admire for hia sterling qualities
of mind and heart, and whose ar
ticles We usually read with great
pleasure, but in this last case we
confess to a feeling of earnest
regret. The article was practically
in laudation of a student at the
State University, who, being for
bidden by his father to play foot
ball on pain of being thrown on
his own resources, deliberately
chose the latter, and repudiating
the advice and protest of his par
ents, he proceeded to make his own
way by various devices and un
flinching industry, so that finally
he was not only equal to the task
of maintaining himself, but has
even established a business enter
prise which is eminently success
We do not understand the pur
pose of the writer, but unques
tionably, the moral and the prac
tical influence is to teach that it is
better for a young man to play
football despite the wishes nnd
prayers of those who have watched
over him from helpless infancy,
and who have patiently cared for
him even to the portals of man
hood, thau to yield his wish and
judgment to theirs in this one
matter of mere amusement. Inci
dentally, nlso, the effect is to show
that a boy who has the hardihood
to disobey his parents under such
circumstances, has a high and com
manding quality of manhood such
as is to be envied and copied by
others. It also teaches, inferential
ly, that success is the principal
thing in life, and that the primary
definition of success is the ability
to earn money.
We do not know the parties ; do
not now recall the name ; have no
idea whether the parents are or
are not church people ; nor can we
even guess at the degree of moral
sensibility possessed by them, so
as to measure eveu approximately
the amount of their suffering over
the disobedience of u son to whom
they had given all and proposed to
give all. We are inclined to the
belief that the father is a sensible
man and a gentleman the fact
that he was opposed to football is
a strong argument in that direc
tion. But whatever the parents or
however poor their judgment, they
were in line with very many of
the best people in their position in
this matter, and eveu had they
been lacking in much that should
command respect ond love, they
were his parents and they should
have been obeyed, especially as all
the princip.: involved was on the
side of obedience, and nothing
. il TTTI
sa ? trc.mation on tneotner. vvno
ever treats his parents with con
tempt, is not likely to have much
regard for others, if they in any
wise oppose his interest or plea
It was very damaging in its in
fluence on other students. Even
if every disobedient son could and
did make a living, he would be un
worthy in the precise measure of
his disobedience, but in fact, the
disobedient and troublesome boys
are usnallv the ones who do not
succeed, and who are a tax
hearts and hands of their
for years, if not forever.
It was very unfortunate
school, for parents will
anxious to send their boys where
such offenses are condoned, and
where the way is made easy to
repudiate parental authority, where
football is held to be superior to
the love of father and mother, and
where success in getting bread is
magnified in opposition to filial
love and loyalty.
It was not good for the town in
any measure. Not a single dollar
was added to the wealth of the
corporation, but on the contrary,
the enterprise of the boy sub
tracted just that much from the
liviug of others who could have
done the work just as well, and
who needed the place that he cap
tured by superior, strength and
push. It is good for a young man
who has ambition, but uo money,
to work his way through school.
All honor to those who are thus
manfully toiling for a future, but
it is, to say the least, undignified
for one who has means to live
comfortably while pursning his
studies, to prolong his term at
school by engaging in other employ
ment, however honorable, and at
the same time levy a tax on the
community for his support while
doing the work that ought to be
left for the really poor young men
who need it and must have it or
give up all hope of an education.
Possibly we are so far behind
the age as not to sympathize with
its peculiarities. This may have
een all right, but we unhesitat
ingly believe it all wrong, and so
far from blushing because of our
ignorance and narrowness, we
stoutly declare we would rather
dwell in Sleepy Hollow with Rip
Van Winkle forever than to keep
step with an age which repudiates
so much that our childhood was
taught to revere, and which our
manhood has always held as sacred.
Prof reus of Printing There Slnoe Jeanltf
Introduced It in 1705.
One feature of the progress of the
South American States Is the increase
of the number of newspapers and mag
azines. A recent issue of the Demo
graphic Bulletin of the Argentine Re
public gives some details of the de
velopment of printing and Journalism
in that country. The article calls at
tention to the fact that the first
printing office in the region of the
River Platte was established in 1705 by
some Jesuit Fathers at their missions
In Paraguay. They at first used en
graved blocks of wood and later sep
arated wooden types. In 1775 they es
tablished the first printing office in tht
Argentine Republic proper. That was
at Cordova. When the Fathers were
driven out two years after that the
printing office at Cordova was aban
doned, but it was transferred soon
after to Buenos Ayres. There it was
called the Printing Office of the Foun
dlings, as Its earnings were applied to
the support of the foundlings. It was
continued until 1824. The first news
paper in Buenos Ayres was the Mer
cantile Telegraph, which came out In
1801. At that time there was no free
dom for the press, but the revolution
of 1801 gave an lmpuhe to the publica
tion of newspapers and from that time
on the number kept growing larger.
There are now 739 periodicals publish
ed in the country. Of these ninety
four are dallies and 258 weeklies; 682
of them are Spanish, but eleven are
English, twenty-four Italian and sev
OLDEST DOLL IN AMERICA
"Georgia," Who Now Reside in the
The oldest doll, as far as known. In
any part of this country, Is "Georgia,"
the property of Mrs. Alice I Lincoln
of Chelsea, Mass. "Georgia," being
over 100 years old, can well boast of
having "lived" in three centuries.
Four generations of children .have
petted and beaten her by turns, and,
although her smiling countenance
bears many a mark of "the whips and
scorns of time," and her shapely
brown head, with an occasional ugly
dent, would seem to Indicate that the
skull might easily stand a little tre
panning, nevertheless this children's
Idol of by-gone days is in a remark
able state of preservation. "Georgia"
was originally a "southern lassie" and
was raised in Mllledg'eville, Ga., "befo'
de wan." She was given to Mrs. Lin
coln's mother, in exchange for a ring,
by Miss Weekes, an old schoolmate.
The latter'B mother had previously
paraded the doll in the doll carriage of
her times, and perhaps If Georgia
could only use the artificial tongue
with which she is provided her pre
vious family history might prove her
rightful eligibility to the Society of
Wmuj- Marry in Michigan.
Secretary of State -Warner reports
there were 23,296 marriages in Michi
gan In 1900, as against 21,877 in 1899
and 20,138 in 1898. In Berrien county,
In which St. Joseph is located, there
were 1,448 marriages in 1900, as com
pared with 1,077 in 1899 and 44 in
1898. The number of divorces in the
state last year was 2,418, which is 330
more than In 1899 and 610 more than
In 1898. Of last year's divorces 1,740
were gram J on application of the
wife, and 1,934 of the divorced couples
were married In Michigan. The aver
age duration of marriage before di
vorce in Michigan is ten years. Six
teen couples were divorced after more
than forty years of wedded life, while
two couples bad lived together for
fifty and fifty-five years respectively.
German Kallroaiia Becoming Modern.
The German railroads ara slowly
Adopting modern ideas. Quito an in
novation was inaugurated the other
or, when the railroad author. ties an
nounced that excursion tickets to Lon
don would be good tor forty-five days,
Till the Hook of Holland or Antwerp.
Lodge and Church Directory.
8. M.T. Mrs. lrena Akers,
VV. P.; Mrs. Lizzie William?,
Meeting first Monday in
each month at 3 p. in.
Crispus Attueks Lodge, No.
02. Meetings '2nd and 4th
Tuesdays in each month.
Visiting members cordially
invited. (Jaleh Hall, W. M.
A. M. Schweich, W. S.
K. P. Acme Lodge, No. 24.
Meetings first and fourth
Fridays in each month. W.
II. Turner, C. C. and 1). I).
U. (!. W. VV. Lampkins, M.
HKCOfW CHRISTIAN CHURCH.
liev. J. li. Parsons, pastor.
Preaching Sundays 11a. m.
and 7:30 p. m.
Prayer meeting WednesJ
days 7 :30 p. m.
Everybody cordially invit
ed to attend.
A. M. K. CHl'RCH.
Rev. P. C. Crews, Pastor.
Preaching Sundays 11 a.
m. ; 7:30 p. m.
Sunday school 2:30 p. m.
Prayer meeting every
Wednesday eve, at 8:30; ev
ery body invited to attend.
M. K. CIU'ltCH.
Rev. J. Arlington Grant,
Preaching Sundays 11, a.
m. and 7:30 p. in.
Sunday school, 0:30 a. m.
Prayer meeting Wednes
days 7:30 to 8:30; all are made
SOFT WATER AND WASHING.
ITse of It h In Water in Wanhtub I sa
It is commonly supposed that the
use of soft water rain water, for ex
ample for washing purposes econo
mizes soap. But while it is perfectly ,
true that the lime salts In hard water
nullify to some extent the soap by
forming insoluble lime soaps, yet the
expenditure of soap, at least in toilet
purposes, will be found to be consid
erably less than when rain water is
used, while the cleansing effect is just
as good. The explanation of this is
that the soap is so very readily solu
ble In soft water that considerably
more soap Is used than is necessary.
Everybody knows the slippery feel
ing of rain water In which the hands
have been washed with soap, and no
amount of rinsing would appear to
'emove the soapiness from the skin,
in this case It Is doubtful when soap
is used whether, after all, rain water
or soft water ?s better for the com
plexion or skin than hard tap water.
It is certainly not so refreshing. In
manufacturing proo-sses or in the
washtub it is true the use of soap
in soft water Is an e'"noray. It is in
this way, of course, that the addition
of sods, throwing out the lime salt,
saves soap. It baa been estimated that
if London were supplied with soft
water the saving of soap would amount
to tens of thousands of pounds per
annum, and Glasgow is estimated to
save 36,000 annually In the matter
of soap since using Loch Katrine
water. That may be so, but In the
matter of personal washing there Is
a waste of soap produced rather than
an economy by using soft water. The
fact that a tablet ot soap disappears
much more quickly when rain water
is used Instead of hard tap water Is
proof of this assertion. Lancet
Rivalry in OH Production.
Texas oil is now selling for about 25
cents a barrel California oil for about
75 cents a barrel; but In the south
western part of Wyoming, In Utah
county, they have found oil which sells
tor $6 a barrel at the railroad," says
Mr. F. P. Hicks, president of the First
National bank ot Cheyenne. "A num
ber of experts have been examining
that territory ot late, and they say
that It is richer in oil and that It prom
ises to produce larger quantities than
California, Texas, Ohio and Pennsyl
vania all put together. The oil Is ot
a very fine quality. I believe com
panies have already taken up about
50,000 acres In that portion of the
state." Washington Post
Boat Towed by Kite.
Aboat carrying six persons has been
towed on the Moselle by a Malay kite
six and one-halt feet long. Headway
was made against a somewhat rapid
current, and the traction could hare
been increased by adding more kites.
A DeHnltlou of Spinster.
An olflee-boy in a lawyer's office
brought some deeds, the signatures to
which bad been attested by a lady who
bad not appended her description.
"Was she a spinster" the boy we
asked. "Yes, sir, she rides a bicycle,"
be replied readily. "Spinster a lady
who goes for a spin." is a definition
both reasonable and novel. London