Newspaper Page Text
Fears United States Will
Acquire Her Trade
SAY TREATY FAVORS AMERICA
Article J 2 of Agreement Between U. S.
and China Shows American
Advantage in East
St. Petersburg, Oct. 28. Russians
having interests In the far east are
clamoring loudly against the new com
mercial treaty between the United
States and China. Tht'y declare that
It str.kes a vital blow to the Interests
of the empire and that Manchuria
might as well be surrendered at once
a3 to give the United States equal
The Novykral of Port Arthur, com
menting on the treaty between the
United Siates and China, declares that
article 12 (opening ports in Manchuria
to United States) strikes at the very
heart of Russian Interests in Man
churia and says It is convinced the
treaty will only be ratified after ma
terial modifications, as it affects part
of the territory which by virtue of
existing relations is not free so long
as Russia has noc definitely come to
an understanding with China regard
ing her rights.
"Moreover," the Novykral adds,
"prior to her present occupation Rus
sia had special treaty relations with
China regarding this territory, giving
her the right to build railways and
guaranteeing that no similar privileges
will be granted to others."
Privilege to Americans.
Washington, Oct. 28 The full text
of article 12 of the commercial treaty
between the United States and China,
referred to In the dispatch from 3t.
Petersburg, Is as follows:
"The Chinese government, having In
1898 opened the navigable inland wat
ers of the empire to commerce and all
steam vessels native or foreign that
may be registered for the purpose of
conveyance of passengers and lawful
merchandise, It is now agreed by the
Chinese government that such com
merce Is opened to the vessels cf every
type belonging to the citizens, firms
and corporations of the United States
and that they may freely engage In It
on equal terms wl'h those granted to
the Bubjects of China or any power
having relations with China. China
further agrees to foster all such inter
course and commerce by the adoption
of such rules and regulations In addi
tion to those already in force as shall
promote the end In view."
TO BUILD NEW TROLLEY LINE
Winterset and Creston People Take
Up Old Project.
Creston, la., Oct.128. The abandon
ment by the Rock Island road of the
proposed extension of its Winterset
branch from Winterset to Greenfield
by way of Mackburg, has had a re
awakening effect on the Interurban
project from this city to Winterset.
The people of Macksburg are deter
mined to have a road of one kind or
another, the people of Winterset are
interested, and men of means and en
terprise in this city are ready to join
them in injecting new lite into the
trolley cross-country enterprise. The
Creston-Macksburg-Winterset line has
never so nearly reached a practical
basis as at the present time. Those
behind the scheme say they can and
will make it go.
SAYS WOMEN EQUAL THE MEN
Chicago Rabbi Addresses State Feder
ation of Clubs at Cairo.
Cairo, 111., Oct. 23. Rabbi Emil G.
Hirsch of Chicago spoke on "Civil
Service In Illinois" to the Federation
of Women's Clubs yesterday. Dr.
Hirsch maintained that there was no
distinction between men and women
as regards Intellect. Neither is su
perior nor Inferior to the other. He
deplored the fact that public Institu
tions, particularly those for the deaf
and dumb, blind, feeble-minded and
the penitentiaries, are managed and
the help, all appointed by men whose
only qualification for office was a po
litical' pull, instead of men of ability
in the various lines of work involved.
BIG HOSTELRY BURNS DOWN
Many Quests Have Narrow Escape
Loss Is $130,000.
Redwood Falls, Minn., Oct. 28. The
Hotel Francois was burned early today
and for a time the fire threatened the
entire business portion of the city.
Several structures adjoining the hotel
were badly damaged and many guests
of the hotel bad a narrow escape. The
Iobs is $130,000.
MANIAC STRIKES HIS JAILOR
Minneapolis, Minn., Oct. 28. A ter
rific battle w tlha maniac took place in
the county jail, as a result of which
Jailor Qulnn, was sent to his home,
and may lose the sight of one eye.
The sheriff of Cokato brought an in
sane man to the county jail on Tues
day evening for safe keeping, and be
fore he had been there long, the diffi
culty of living up to the new law pro
hibiting the confinement of insane pa
tients in a jail, was shown.
The insane man made great trouble
Tuesday night, and it was found imper
ative to place him in the old insane
ward built especially for the purpose
and used before the law of last year
prohibited the use of bars and jails.
The next morning, when Jailor
Qulnn went into the cage to attend to
the patient, the, maniac tore a heavy
steel bar from the wall and struck him
a terrific blow over the eye.
Luckily the door had been swungand
the Jailor had strength enough left to
turn the key, before he became weak
and almost unconscious.
He called for help and was assisted
into the jail office. Dr. Kistler was
sent for at once and the ugly wound
was dressed. Had it struck a trifle to
one side it would have meant death.
As it is serious results may develop,
and the eye may be blinded.
All this time the maniac kept up a
fearful racket. His howls rang
through the corridors, while the inces
sant clang of the steel weapon rang up
on the bars of- the cage and vibrated
on the steel-sheeted walls.
Several deputies went to the cage
room accompanied by Chief Deputy
Jones, and there the man threatened
their lives, at the same time striving
to hew his way to freedom. Later,
however, the deputies succeeded in
SHABB0NA GIVEN MONUMENT
People of Morris, III., Will Dedicate
Memorial to Indian.
Morris. III.. Oct. 28. The Shabhona
Memorial Association of this county
will today dedicate a monument to the
memory of Chief Shabbona, or Chem
blee, an Indian who was a- friend of
the white man in the early days of
The monument will be a huge bowl
der of gray granite weighing many
tons, and across a smooth side of it
will be inscribed, the words: "Shab
bona, 1775-1859." This stone will be
placed at the head of Shabbona's
grave, where he was buried on July
Shabbona, or Chemblee, his real
name, was born on the banks of the
Maumee river in Ohio in 1775. His
father was the great chief Pontiac of
the Ottawa tribe. Tecumseh found in
Shabbona a trusted lieutenant, and be
tween 1807 and "1813, the latter being
the date of the battle of the Thames,
Shabbona was a powerful ally.
Becoming disgusted with Gen. Proc
tor and the other British soldiers who
were fighting with the Indians against
the settlers, Shabbona and Capt. Billy
Caldwell, one of the characters of the
early days, hMt the ranks and pro
ceeded to the home of the Poitawat
tamles and otheF"?Iidttin tribes within
the present limits of Illinois and Wis
consin. SPEAKS FROM TOP A OF POLE
O. F. Hotchkiss, Who Claims to be
From Chicago, Alarms Crowd.
Kenosha, Wis., Oct. 28. Standing on
the crossbar of a telephone pole forty
five feet above the street, O. F. Hotch
kiss, who claims Chicago as his home,
made a speech to a crowd. For fifteen
minutes he stood on the swaying cross
bar while the crowd below expected
him to be killed. When Police Officer
John Lelk arrived Hotchkiss fell for
ward," caught the pole, and slid to the
ground. He started to run, but was
captured by the crowd and tnken to
the county jail. He, is violently Insane
and is being held pending the arrival
of friends from Chicago.
St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 28. Word has
been received here from Guadalajara,
Mexico, of the arrest of Charles Kratz,
the fugitive boodllng councilman who
jumped his bond of $20,000 and fled
before be could be tried. Kratz is one
of the former councllmon indicted In
connection with the suburban railway
franchise, for which $135,000 was de
posited in a safety deposit vault, but
was never divided because of a dis
pute with the railway company. The
arrest was brought about by the state
department whose aid was invoked by
Circuit Attorney Folk.
STOLE TO AID HIS SUPOI0R
Cashier of New York Assurance Com
pany Sentenced to Prison.
New York, Oct. 28. Cashier Scott
of the New York biench cf the Lon
don Assurance company today in mak
ing a plea far clemency after having
been convicted of stttllng1 $25,000,
stated that be did It for a superior.
He was -sentenced from one to live
A Brief Resume
LEGAL AND CRIMINAL
The Legality of Faith Healing.
Two important decisions have been
rendered during the week by the su
preme courts of New Hampshire and
New York, dealing with the difficult
question of faith healing in different
I Ul ills, lu tlltj ixew riaiiipaiiiic uuii-
sion, the right of Christian Science
healers was upheld, the case being
that of Mrs. Spoed of Concord against
the Rev. Mr. Tomlinson for treating
The New York court of appeals in
People vs. Pierson. declared the de -
pondenco on faith healing to be crlm-
uiai ufnt;in:c. x nc luiivm.iiuu ui i
I Pierson at White Plains In 1901 for :
criminal pcgllgence In falling to have
a uoctor auena n.s naugmer ,n
case of pneumonia which proved fatal,
was upheld. This decision is expected
to pave the way for other Christian i
Death for Ladrones.
Eight Ladrones have been convicted
at Manila for highway robbery and
sentenced to be hanged.
Herman and Johnson, who turned
pirates and ran away with $6,000, ran
their vessel aground and secured sup- Building Tie-Up Expensive,
plies on the coast of Negros. it is estimated that the stagnation in
building operations in the largest eight
Another White House Crank. cities of the country, due to labor dls
Another man has been arrested at j putes and strikes, has kept out of cir
Washlngton. Charles A. Wlssner, who j culation $42,500,000.
said he wanted to see President Roose- j
volt to complain of persecutions. Pe
eer Elliott, one of the cranks, has been
declared legally insane and will be
Anti-Graft Editorial Costly. '
The Missouri supreme court decld-
, , . .. .
ed Tuesday, n the case of Ed tor Shep-!
herd of Warrpnsburg. who was fined
$300 for contempt in printing an art!
cle on the grafting propensities of the
courts, that the $500 fine must be paid. I
Strike Breakers Must Be Told.
The Colorado court of appeals de
cided that an employer who hired men
to take the place of strikers without
Informing them of the strike is liable
for damages If any of the strike break
ers are Injured.
First of the Postal Trials.
The cases of Daniel .V Miller, for
mer second assistant attorney general!
in the postoffice. and Joseph M. Johns
were called for trial at Cincinnati
Tuesday, In connection with the turf
Investment scheme conducted by John
Boston Chinese Raided.
Immigration officials and United
States marshals arrested 250 China-1
men at Boston on the ground that !
they had entered this country illegally. I
Wilson to Visit Cotton Belt.
It was announced at Washington
that Secretary of Agriculture, Wilson
would make a tour of the South to de
termine whether the prevailing high
prices of cotton are benefiting the
farmers who produce the raw material
It is alleged that the big dealers ab -
sorb the increase by offering storage
Big Earnings of Rock Island. j
During the fifteen months prior to j
june m jasi tne gross earnings or tne
biggest railroad system in the world
the Rock Island, with about 18,000
mileage, were $42,752,556.' The total j
operating expenses were $26,890,980.
leaving net earnings to the amount of:
$13,861,576. The company has author-'
n nuw taenia rt nUrint t9-irt ftfWl ftfifl
for the purpose of refunding the debts
of Its various component lines.
Train Runs 94 Miles an Hour.
All rscords for railroad train speed
were smashed Tuesday when a special
train on the Illinois Central bearing
general passenger agents from all
parts of the country to attend a con -
vention at New Orleans went 189 miles
in 187 minutes and 105 miles In 90 min
utes Including stops and 393 miles in
420 minutes exclusive of stops. Ai
times the train went at the rate of 94.4
miles an hour. The train was compos
ed of engine, buffet, library car, diner,
five Pullmans and an observation car.
Jersey's Corporation Grist.
The annual report of the New Jer-
Because the music of the gospel
hymns of the book in use at Wash
burn college, Topeki. Kus., is in wait
polka and two-step, Pr6t.'-f-yy has
refused to allow the students to slLg
from the book, r'or Instance, he
thought that "God . Be With You Till
Wa Meet'vAgaln" was an Immoral
song because of the music.
1 NEWS 01
of Recent Occurrences in the World of Affairs
sey comptroller for a period of ten
years shows to what extent the cor
porations inaugurated within the state
contribute to its resources. The state's
income from this source In 1893 was
$536,612. Last year it was $1,959,206.
Besides this the filing fees amounted
to $569,000. In the last year 2,250 cor.
. poratlong were athor,e(I )n thl9 8tate
wth a tota( captal!!atlon of neary
$15,000,000,000. During the same per
iod 885 corporations defaulted.
Philadelphia Invites Wabash.
A strong movement has been on foot
In Phtlnilplnhta lprt hv Mnvnr Weflvpr
, mmn.errial nrt lahnr
: orKanIzatons to in(luoe the Waba8h
raflroa(, tQ entpr that dt com tI.
tlon with the Pennsylvania railroad.
This and a thirtv-flve foot channel In
; he DelawarR ,s exppcte(, to brlng the
; Qllaker city abreast of Itg conipetl.
Overproduction Our Trouble.
President Hardy of the American
Bankers' association, while at St. Paul
on his way to the convention of bank
ers at San Francisco, said he thought
the country was in a better state than
ever before, the only trouble being
Parsons' Ideal City.
TliA nddrfaa nf Prnf Frnnlr Parentis
, . .. T . f Amr,
i iiinn. t t),,, .,
.can Municipalities at Baltimore out-
,,. ,, . .. .. .
i lining his conception of "the Ideal
city." has attracted wide attention.
He' took for his model the Columbian
exposition, contrasting its beauty and
j purity with the ugliness of our lnrge
cities at present. Among the things
; to he attained were broad, clean
I streets, garden space between resl
: deuces, free transportation, all factor
; ies In one section, union stations, no
; skyscrapers In blocks or narrow
1 streets, no saloons, no drug stores, no
j tobacco stores, no stock exchanges, a
j union church and public power sta
I tions. . '
Burke Cochran on Divorce.
"As between the two evils, divorce
and polygamy, give me polygamy."
This was the startling climax of a
speech delivered by W. Bourke Coch
ran before the Knights of Columbus
at New York Sunday night. He had
been speaking of American civiliza
tion, which he said was threatened by
one great evil, divorce. Otherwise his
views were optimistic. He said the
I accumulation of large fortunes was not
a danger because men were learning
jthe lesson of self-denial, and jelf-in-idulgence
was not characteristic of the
Mothers to Save Children.
The executive board of the National
Congress of Mothers has undertaken
to extend Its wotk in the direction of
child saving and child culture. Or-
nlze,'a have been appointed for New
Hampshire, Wisconsin, Delaware ' and
Texas. The next congress is to be
neld in Chicago. It was decided to
llave ai exhibit at the St. Louis fair.
Britishers See Our Schools.
Albert Moseley and the menfbers of
British educational commission
;nave beSun thelr investigation of the
i American system of schooling by visit-
i ing the schools and colleges of New
! Yorlt clt- n . Monrtny night they
i were tne eueats of President Butler of
i Columbia at dinner. William Jones,
iM- p- Bald tIley hal tome l 8e now
j we make citizens and how it is that we
jset along so well as a nation.
McKinley and Roosevelt Barred.
On the theory that pictures of living
or recently dead statesmen are likely
to Inculcate a partisan spirit when
hung on the walls of the public
schools, the school board of Orange
City, Iowa, has ordered the removal
of pictures of Presidents McKlnley
and Roosevelt from all schools in
8TEAMER SUNK IN THE LAKE.
Shore Near Bessemlr, Mich., It Strewn
with Wreckage Is No Sign
Bessemlr, Mich., Oct. 27. Fisher
man in from In the mouth of Black
river, Lake Superior, report a steamer
having sunk in the lake about five
niiles out Saturday night. The shore
Is iifewn with wreckage but there is
no sign of life anywhere,
' ' .
LABOR AND CAPITAL
An Anti-Strike Corporation.
A new plan for carrying on building
operations that will be insured from
interference by strikes or labor dis
putes Is to be tried. A group of New
York and London capitalists has Just
caused to be Incorporated in the state
of New York, the Trades Union Con
tracting Company with a capital of
$1,250,000. Of this capital stock $250,
000 is set aside for unions and their
members. In general the plan is to
let all the interested parties in the
contract know what is going on from
the proprietor to the humblest work
man, all being represented in an ad
visory board, and as the laborers are
to have a share in the profits of the
company, they are expected to main
tain a conservative attitude.
Gompers Tries to Make Peace.
President Samuel Gompers and Vice
President Duncan of the American
Federation of Labor came to New York
Monday in the hope of settling the
long-standing troubles of the building
trades. After various conferences with
the unions and the employers, an ad
dress was Issued In which the arbitra
tion plan favored by the employers
and accepted by some unions was ap
proved. All unions were urged to sign
this plan of arbitration, but that the
rival organizations which have formed
In place of those who would not sign
should then be disbanded.
Employers' Federation Call.
President Parry of the National As
sociation of Manufacturers issued at
Indianapolis a general call for a meet
ing of the representatives of manufac
turers, employers and trade organiza
tions to be held In Chicago on Oct. 20
and 30 to complete the formation of
the National Federation of Empleyers.
Part of the plan is the raising of a
fund of $1,500,000 to defend members
from boycotts and strikes.
New Orleans Strike Ended.
After several days of strenuous po
lice work in preventing the striking
cotton screw men at New Orleans
from attacking the non-union laborers
imported from St. Louis, thirteen of
the shipping agents gave In and made
terms with the strikers, the latter con
ceding some minor points. Later the
compromise was accepted by all and
the strike, which had lasted several
weeks, came to an end.
Labor Riots at San Juan.
The labor unionists at the Porto Ri-
can capita) came into collision with
the police after a parade In which
black flags and American flags draped
In black were carried. Several labor
leaders had been arrested and convict
ed. The anti-American administra
tion sentiment of the labor party is
Labor Cheers Morse Failure.
When a member of the New York
Central Federated ' Union announced
the failure of the Morse Shipbuilding
Company and said the union had caus
ed the failure by demanding minimum
rates, there was great applause. It
was paid that the unions ought to put
such ifrms out of business.
The Southern Pacific has inaugurat
ed a policy of retrenching similar to
that of the New York Central in the
east, and 1,200 men have been laid off
within the past week or two. In spite
of this the business of the road has
been increasing steadily.
Radium's Wonders Demonstrated.
An exhibition of the wonderful pow
ers of radium was given at the Na
tional History Museum at New York
by a Tiffany diamond expert. A tiny
portion of radium of 200,000 radio ac
tivity was put In' a tube, the tube put
in a rubber case, the case in a thick
wooden box, the box in a lead pipe,
the pipe In a brass tube, and the whole
in a jar of water behind four inches
of wood. A fifteen-carat diamond was
then made to flash with phosphores-
ence In utter darkness. The exhibition
confirmed every statement made
abroad about the wonders of the new
8econd Government Food Test.
Chemist Wiley of the agricultural
MOB LEADER CONFESSES.
Is the Man Who Helped Lynch Two
Murderer at Basin, Wyo.
Cody, Wyo., Oct. 27. W. H. Smith,
in custody at Basin, Wyo., has con
fesed to complicity in mobbing the
jail at Basin last July, when Gorman
ond Walters, two , murdereM, were
shot, one deputy sheriff killed and an
other wounded. Smith gives , the
names of thirty-five other men in. the
mob. , '
department began on Tuesday t mv
ond of his series of practical tests of
food adulterants, twelve young men of
Washington voluntarily entering on an
eight months' diet in which foods
adulterated with salicylic acid was to
be served. The squad of "poison eat
ers," as they are called, will take cap
sules of the acid which is commonly
used as a milk and meat preservative.
Other chemical preservatives in. gen
eral use will afso be tested. .
Fruit and Nuts True Foods.
As the final outcome of several years
of experiments to determine the diet
ary value of different foods, the de
partment of agriculture has reached
the conclusion that both fruit and nuts
should be regarded as true foods.
rather than food accessories. In the
experiments conducted the only ani
mal foods allowed were cottage cheese
and eggs. The fruit and nut diet was
found to vary from 15 to 18 cents a
day Tor adults, while the ordinary
meat and vegetable fare costs from
26 to 30 cents.
Asphaltum in Salt Lake.
The recent fall of water level in the
Great Salt Lake has revealed in the
north arm many dark colored islands,
found to be asphaltum of splendid
quality, thus adding another to the
.natural wonders and commercial ad
vantages of Utah.
W. C. T. U. Teaching Criticized.
The committee appointed by the
Pennsylvania State Medical society to
examine into the physloloey and hy
giene text books used in the public
schools of the state, especially in re
ference to the teachings on the sub
ject of alcohol, have reported thus:
"We are sorry to be compelled to say
that the books supervised by the Wo
man's Christian Temperance Union
are the most reprehensible."
Coincident with this report it Is an
nounced that the W. C. T. U. Purity
league Is preparing to Introduce into
the common schools courses in social
morals, particularly with reference to
the relation of the sexes. Mrs. J. W.
Allen says that the prevalence of im
morality among school children is due
largely to the fact that parents are re
miss in their duty of instruction and
that the school must supply this need.
A Chance for Dr. Dowie.
Out of all the ridicule and abuse
with which the leader of the Chicago
Zionists was met in advance of his
New York crusade, the appeal of the
Rev. R. S. MacArthur of the Calvary
Baptist church stood alone for its Ju
dicial fairness. While recognizing the
extravagant and spectacular methods
and claims of Dowie, Mr. MacArthur
called attention to the man's power in
getting people to give up their bad
habits, and if he could reach the un
churched of New.Xork, said he should
be welcome. Hence he urged that
Dowie should have a fair hearing.
Rockefeller's Church Ideas.
In a farewell address to the Baptist
school at Cleveland, John D. Rocke
feller commended the cordiality with
which the church opened its arms to all
classes of society, and urged that all
who come into the church should con
tribute something to its 'support.
Long's Criticism of Roosevelt.
The president has made no reply to
i.ie widely discussed Outlook article
by former Secretary of Navy Long,
in which he told of Mr. Roosevelt's
plan, just before the outbreak of the
Spanish war, when he was assistant '
secretary of the navy, to have a fleet
sent to attack the Spanish warships
before war was actually declared.
Allison 8peaks In Iowa.
United States Senator Allison, in a
speech at Clinton, la., Oct. 10, came
out squarely against the "Iowa idea"
that trusts can be checked by tariff
reform or free trade, Insisting that the
big combines, like the Standard Oil,
are the result pf economic conditions.
He admitted that some tariff revision
might be needed, but said the tinker
ing couldn't be done until after the
presidential election. He was op
posed to radical currency legislation.
Prof. Mark V. Slingerland of the
Cornell college of agriculture wants
bugs, dead or alive, and has Issued a
letter to that effect.
Of the ten Victorian premiers three
died at an earlier age than Lord Sails-bury-Peel
at 62, Melbourne at 69, and
Derby at 70. The average age of Vic
toria's prime ministers was 74. .