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An Authority 00 "Single Tan" Says
Farmers. Would Suffer.
.LEGE PROFESSOR'S VIEWS
After Careful Study, Prof. Sellgman
of Columbia University, Says
Single Tax la Defectivo from
livery Point of View.
Tk. Truth in a, Nut Shell Regarding
... " . llJhe fcx System.
SHIFTS THE BURDEN TO FARMERS
City Skyscrapers, Bio Manufacturing,
Plants, Breweriea. Elevators, Etc.,
Exempted Under Proposed
.Missouri farmers, home owners,
land owncrH, and citizens In general
are interested In the Bludy of Single
Tax these days, as the question as to
whether Missouri Is to have Single
Tax or hoi la to be decided a! the
election on .November Tiih. Others
besides .Missonrians also hav been
studying the problem. rrolcssor
Sellgman, of Columbia University, one
t tne leading author!) ies on political
economy, sums up the results if his
Investigations in the following words
(pages !:t mid ill or his book "The
"We have studied the Single Tax
from different points of view; and
we have seen that it Is defective iis
t ally, politically, morally and econ
omically. We have learned, lirst, that
it would he inelastic, and Hint il would
intensify the Inequalities resulting
from unjust assessments; secotidly,
lhat although iUelf proposed chielly I
from social considerations It would
prevent the government from utiliz
ing tne taxing power for other soelul
purposes, and that it would divorce
the Interests of the people from those
of the government; thirdly, that it
would offend against the canons of
universality and equality tvf taxation,
and that it would seriously exaggerate
the difference between profits from
land and profits from otbfr sources;
and finally, that it would be entirely
inadequate In poor and new commu
nities, that it would gen rally have
ai: injurious influence on the farmer,
and that even in the large urban cen
ters it would exempt large sci '.ions of
the population without bringing any
substantial relief to the poorer elass-
"Kvrn as a method of tax reform,
the s hemo is, us we have seen, a
mistaken one. Our system of taxation
is far fn m being ideal, or even com
paratively justt'l'or we tire still clii.;;
ing, in a pr.at degree, to medi.ival
errors. lint whatever be the much
needed reform, it Is safe to Kay that
.'.either the common people nor the
student wii! ever accept a scheme
wliieh i ; palpably unjust, which aban
dons the whole ideal theory of modern
'sxation that of relative ability or
faculty and which sicks to pin the
burdens of the many on the shoulders
-f tin: few."
"Just what Ik Single Tax?" is a ques
tion heard most, frequently, since Mis
souri Is to vole on the question Nov.
5. Here's exactly what Single Tax
means and what will happen if Mis
souri fails to vote NO on the consti
No tax on bonds, notes, mortgages,
Hiitomohiles, stock, carriages, mer
chandise or any other form of personal
No tax on any building whatsoever.
All taxes on the value of land, ex
clusive of improvements; and upon
The results" or Single Tax will be:
A shitting of the burden of state
and county tax FROM THK (TTIKS
TO THK COUNTRY. The improve
ments and personal property In the
cities arc at least two or three times
the value of the bare lots even with
the present lax enforcement of the
personal property law. The same to
tal annual revenue must be raised
under the proposed law as now. The
result can only be to make the coun
try pay more taxes and the cities lesB.
Any school boy can figure lhat out.
In towns there will he a similar
shifting from improved lots to tin im
A skyscraper will pay no tax; and
Jots under it will pay only as much as
the unimproved kind in the immediate
vicinity. The owner of a lot with a
eon mansion on it will pay no
move tax than the owner of an ad
joining lot with a $2,(0 dwelling
Theorists From Other States Would
';Make This State the Goat, i- :
Smil TAX EXPERIMENT HERE
if the Proposed System Proves a Fail
ure the People f Missouri Stand
to Lose Vast Sums Vote No
On November 6.
e. u l m
THE WAYKEKRYGECRSE PUT IT
THE RESULT OF SINGLE TAX AC
CORDING TO ITS ADVOCATE.
SINGLE TAX AND SPECULATORS
HOW THE FARMER WOULD FARE
IN A WHEAT CORNER.
i Eslnr.s Valu; of Farm and City Lot
' Would Diminish Under Proposed
' New System.
Tne people of .Viissomi are to rote
ci: he Single Ta in the .'o ember
' t i , ; ion. Y ec.u.-ti'iitioiuil atnt nilnu u:
! W .! o- d hie".i, ii' adopted, Ul
j I " ;,e Single 'lax in force in lilis
it. The iid.oiat.- of lUis uino
' . . . most of tl.etii .torn other sttf'ev
.u-cil a lut (t o: .v,miu to Aiave
-t;::ri try l'ii. exieriiuviit. . Their
:s that if it s:.ieceed here it. will
: a eu
;ed in o:'::er
tuns to 111".
Rich Owners of Elevators Could Fill
Their Plants With Cheap Wheat
With No Taxes to Pay.
If tin; Single Tax Amendment is
adopted by .Missouri at t lie election
Nov. 5, personal property will pi:y no
taxes and buildings will pay no taxes.
Land alone, exclusive cf Improvements
and franchises, will pay all the taxes
and the tax rate will be unlimited.
This offers a premium to the specu
lator to hoard farm products and raise
or lower tbelr price. How will It work?
Mr. (iniinoian owns a chain of ele
vators. Tney stand on ground that
is of little value outside of small
towns. The buildings end machinery
are worth hundreds of thousands of
dollars. He fills these elevators with
a. million dollars worth of wheat, buy
ing when the price is low. Under Sin
gle Tax the buildings, the machinery
and tbe wheat will pay no taxes. His
only taxes will be on tbe land on
which the buildings stand.
The speculator can 'between crop
times, corner the market and sell half
his stock at high prices. When the
new crop comes can with the other
half flood the market, break the price
and refill his elevators, buying from
the farmer at the low price he has
made. He can repeat this operation
he often as be pleases and do this
under a law that exempts him from
Under those conditions the fanner
will get a body blow whichever way
he turns. He will be compelled to
sell his wheat to a speculator at the
lowest price, while the laud on wbieh
the farmer raises that wheat will pay
all the taxes.
Fine for the speculator, but where
does thu farmer get off?
tales. If it proves
people of .Missouri,
he the loser. All
tt: Mr.; lo laxers ;'.f other states maud
Hi !- is their time and ihe faO.iih'i
fund they have ritised to helji carry
tbe election. With Single Tax all
of the t.;es will come from land alone,
tx. I i ni; franchise taes. All build
ings, whether a inillitu dollar oillce
building lu the city or a tin dollar
woodshed on the farm, will be exempt.
The great packing house, the factory,
tbe railroad shop, the store, the mill,
the "Wank full of money, mortgages
and bonds, will be exempt except for
the bare ground they occupy. lu some
instances the ground does not repre
sent a hundredth part of their wealth.
Tbe home owner, the farmer may
Fay: "If single tax comes I'll Just
fell my place and go to town."
Here's what lleiry George, the load
er of all Single Tax advocates, ys
(will happen when Single Tax is
I adopted :
j "The selling value of his lot mill
I oiniiiiish theoretically it will en:lr:ly
disappear." Then how can the farmer
; The election will be held Not. E.
; To vote against Single Tax in Mis
I sonri scratch "Yes" and vote "No."'
"Iet's see bow it will work on Mis
souri," Is the position a group of cn3n
with a theory are taking in a radical
taxation experiment. The leaders in
the movement do not live in Mlssouil
and never have lived here. They have i
collected a fund of l.'iO.ooo to be used
in tha November election, are flooding
the s'at with circulars and orators,
and all to persuade Missouri voters
to try an experiment that the home
states of these men wHh a theory re
fuse to consider.
"We'll place all the taxes in Mis
souri on tround, excepting franchises
and inheritances," is their proposition.
"If it works In Missouri then we'll
try it on some other state." And
it doesn't work In Missouri if it dis
rupts business, causes lobs of homes
and farms, destroys tbe credit of the
state, stops development, blocks In
dustry, In fact if it creates a business
and industrial panic then the people
of ..iissouri will be the sole losers.
The men with a theory can go back
East and work out auother "reform"
to be tried away from home.
They propose to have Missouri vote
the Single Tax into -the constitution
and to do that they have framed a
very cunningly written amendment.
If it carries, every building in the
state, whether it be the sixteen story
skyscraper, or the million dollar
brewery, will be tax free.. Tbe man
sion costing a hundred thousand dol
lars will pay no taxes; the bank with
hundreds ot thousands or millions of
dollars of wealth in the shape of
money, bonds, slocks, mortgages, etc.,
will pay nothing on Thetu. The groat
commercial house, the mill, the fjc
i tory, the packing house buildings, ma
j ( hinery and stock will all be free of
tax. They will cot be assessed a
dollar except for the ground they
; use, and if they do not happen to
require the ground they teed pay 1
' When yu take the case of a man I
j mtiking his living on a farm it's differ- i
' cut. According to their plan his '
house and barn, horses and tools are
. free, but his land the greatest part i
of his property by far puys ai'd Py '
enough more to help make up the I
taxes tiie millions in buildings, t :n Is,
stocks and all oher personal pro
perty ts-ape. And the same holds
good in the case of any other man !
who earns his living oat of land, or
who owns land as a place tor his
It. seems incredible that thesf 're
formers from other states should ;
seriously propose to the people of Mis- '
souvi that they inflict themselves with
a law of this kind. The only danger
lies in carelessness if the people un
derstand what that amendment means
It will certainly be defeated. But
many who are against a taxation sys
1 tern manifestly so unjust, may neglect
I to vote on the amendment. In that
case they will practically be voting
i for it, as it needs only a majority of
j the votes cast on the amendment
I not a majority of the votes cast in
j the election to make 1t a law.
; Remember that and tell it to your
I fellow voters. To save Missouri from
; these experimentalists you must,
i scratch "Yes" and vote "No" on tfce
constitutional amendment !n. the elec
i tion on Nov. 5.
iwViUii .Wtf U tX VAfii iXSm "4 UV
TED WITH GEORGE W. BENNETT
Gape Girardeau, , Missouri
of the liest IVojilo, Best Churches ami Schools of any
We have some
place throughout the Southern States; health is ool, ami the people sociable
ami friendly. We have broken the record on having more handsome and beau
tiful single girls and more happy married men than any oth- plat e in the south.
We have some of the finest Farming Lands and Best Stock Farms and Best
Ranges of any place in S. K. Missouri and N. E. Arkansas, Com-: and buy a
home while you can buy it dirt cheap, and live in the Best country and among
the Best People in the world.
No. 1. 2G5 acres, 200 in cultivation.
One of the Best Farms in S. E. Missouri,
located 6 miles N. W. of Cape Girardeau,
and in 2 miles of Egypt Mills; a big county
road running through the place; 2 good
sets of buildings. 3 good Barnes, plenty of
good water, and Go acres in fine timber.
The land in cultivation is growing from
2 to 4 tons of Red Clover Hay to the acre,
and 75 bushels of corn. This is one of the
best places in the state of Missouri, and a
snap at $G5 per acre. On easy terms.
No. 250 acres, 25 in cultivation and the
balance in good timber, with a good build
ing on it, plenty of good water, a good
family orchard. The 25 acres not in culti
vation can be easily cleared. This is one
of the best little farms in Bollinger county.
A snap at ?S00. On easy terms.
No. 3. ;?5G acres, 150 in cultivation, 2
good sets of buildings and 3 barnes on it.
Located in the best part of the Cotton and
Corn Belt of Arkansas. This farm will
raise Clover, Alfalfa, Wheat, Cotton and
Corn. From GO to 75 bushels of Corn and
'i to 1 Bale of Cotton per acre is being
made on this place each and every year;
something like two thousand dollars worth
of Good Timber on this neck that is not
cleared. This place is located 2 miles
East of Biggs, on the M. & S. E. R. R. ;
good settlement, good Schools and Churches.
A snap at $ 15 per acre, on easy terms.
No. 4. 280 acres, 200 in cultivation. 2
sets of good Buildings. 3 good Barns, well
fenced, and plenty of good water. All
good bottom land, will raise everything
you want to put on it; good Range, good
Schools and Churches; the man that owns
it is gathering from 60 to 75 bushels of
corn to the acre, and from 2 to 4 tons of
clover hay. A good place to live. The
man that owns it, his wife is dead and he
is lonesome and wants to go away. This
is a snap at $45.00 per acre. On good
No. 5. A beautiful little home in Cape
Girardeau. A 5 room cottage, well lit up.
with water works in it. Well located.
Now is your time to get you a bargain. A
snap at $1200. On easy terms.
No. 6. A beautiful little home on a
large lot; the lot will hold as many as 3 or
4 more small cottages; well lit up and
watered, and in an important part of the
city. A snap at $4500. On easy terms.
No. 7. A small home on a small lot. A
little 5 room cottage on an alley, well lit
up and watered. A snap at ."?G00. This
is your chance for a bargain," an invest
ment on good easy terms.
No. 8.-55 acres, 47 in cultivation, 1
good set of buildings, a good little barn
and plenty of water. Lays well, in mile
of postoffice, one mile of church. Smiles of
a railroad town, and a railroad is being
surveyed through it. Good rich land. The
owner is gathering- from 2 to 4 tons of
clover hay per acre and 50 to GO bushels
of corn each and every year. This is a
snap at $2200.00. On good terms.
ROCKEFELLER TAX FREE.
How the Richest Man Would Fare in
Missouri Under Single Tax.
PARTIES AGAINST SINGLE TAX
Planks in Both Conventions at Jeffer-'
son City, September 10th.
At the Republican and Democratic
Convctitlors held at Jefferson City,
M pletuber IOU), each party Incorpor
nfed a plank In tin platform declar
ing against Single Tax. These anil
single tax expussious on the part of
tlie lo great bodies adopting them
nr? Indicates, both of tbe Importance
of th Issun to be decided next No
vember Httd the attitude of each
party's constituency regarding ha
propur meeting of th cam.
I'nder Single Tax John D. Hocke
I feller could become a citizen of Mis-
iouri, bring all of his property a bil
! lion dollars or more do w ith It w hat
he pleased and not pay one cent of
! taxes. The law proposed for Missouri
j by Single Taxers places all taxes
J on land and franchises, exempting
; jtoc ks, bonds, mortgages, money,
, buildings, automobiles, etc. It would
; mean escape from taxes by million
j 'if dollars worth of personal property
in the banks, vaults uud stores of tha
"ities. Land would have to iiutkn It
: ..: i
ere It's Dangerous Not to Vote.
; uliar feature of tho coming
i Tax election Is that the man
It. .Is to vote on the amendment
v vo'os for It. The Single Taxers
ti- eti'y a majority of the votes
t one question not a majority
, . u,es cusi In the election.
).: ug.ilii.-,t exempting all per
property, bulldiuga, hotels,
s, ttc., from taxation, be sure to
"No" on the amendment Nov. 6.
IS IT UNLIMITED TAXATION ?
Would the Carrying of the Single Tax
Amendment Mean Unlimited
Taxation for Missouri f
Would the carrying of. the Single
Tax Amendments at the November
election mean that Missouri would
have unlimited taxation? Tftis is a
question that the practical citizen
wsnts answered before he casts his
vote. The best source to which to go
for the answer ia the Amendment it
self. This is the way It reads (fart
1. Section 4):
"The existing constitutional limita
tions upon the rates of taxation for
state, county, school and municipal
purposes shall have no force and ef
fect after January 1, 1914."
This is the spirit of Single Tax. H
means unlimited taxation. llenry
George, its gn?at exponent, says:
"In every civilized country, even
the newest, the value of the land,
taken as a whole, is sufficient to bear
the entire expenses of government. In
the better developed countries it is
tin. ch more than stilllcit nt. llenee, it
will not b- enough to merely plj'ce all
ttiMs ni.. i the vr.lue of land. U will
be tit i i i-i ,iry, where rent exceeds the
present governmental revenues, com
inensurittely to increase the amount
demanded 1 taxation, and to continue
this in crease as society progresses and
rent udvauces. I tut this ia so natural
; ml easy a matter, that It may he con
ridered lis involved or at least under
stood, in the proposltlou to pnf all
ta'tes on tin: value, of laiij. This la
the first step upon which the prao
tic! stniss'v must be niad."
declaration of war
between Japan and China.
1894 President Cleveland for-
October 7 in History.
1807 Boneparte called for a
second conscription uf 80,000 for
1810 Coimbra, in Portugal,
held by the French, was attacked
by the British and carried.
1840-WiIliam I., King of the
Netherlands, abdicted the throne
in favor of his son, William II.
1S41 Revolutionary move
ment in Sjain in favor of Chris
tina and absolute government.
1850 Disunion meetings held
at Natchez and Yaboo City, at
both of which the disorganizing
resolutions were voted down.
1854 Ships of the allied forces
greatly damaged by fire at the
bombardment of Sebastapol.
1870 French make unsuccess
ful sortie from Metz.
1904 Japanese shells reported; government of the territory.
forces, under Chalmers. i buildings at Quebec wrecked by
1874 Shanghai dispatches an-! two explosions of dynamite.
1894 The Japanese
the Chinese at Wiju and captured
the town. The Chinese were
bade all subordinates to leave ; reported to have taken a stand
Washington for the purpose of !on the north stand of the Yalu.
1911 Chinese rebels captured
Wuchang and threatened Han
kow. 1911 The McNamara dyna
mite trials began at Los Angeles.
NOTICE OF RESIGNATION.
STATE OF MISSOURI. I
to have damaged four Russian
warships in harbor at Port Ar
thur. Russian dead lie unburied.
1911 Feared in Los Angeles 'an address to Queen Caroline
trouble would result with ap-jltwas printed on white satin,
proach of the McNamara trials. ian(j was a superior speciman of
October 8 io Ilistory. (of tyKgraphical skill.
1829 Many Jesuits expelled! 1829 A workingmen's college
from England by passing of the( was established in London by
Roman Catholic relief bill. Frederick A. Maurice.
1831 Great earthquake in 1S4G--Great hurricane in Ilav
South America, the town of ana, which began on the previ
Arica being utterly ruined. 'ous evening wrecking or severly
ISIS -Populace of Vienna injuring liH) vessels, destroying
which had been in a state of in-:i, 275 houses and injuring as
subordination two days became many more.
calm and the Emperor was in
vited to return.
1854 Entire Austrian army
placed on a war footing.
18G4 Federal troops and
making campaign speeches.
1904 Kuropatkin sent 300
guns to protect left flank of Rus
sian army, fearing attack Kuro-
Peace Conference adjourned at I
Boston, to meet in 1905 at Lu
cerne, Switzerland. j
1911 Mnnarrhist. nnrisircr in
Portugal failed. j County of Cape Girardeau
October 11 in History. In the Probate court, in vaca-
1804 At a meeting of the in- tion A. D. 1912.
habitants of Indiana territory, Harvey Zimmerman, guardian
a resolution was adopted propos- 'and curator of Monroe Tuschoff,
ing an alteration in the form of 'and Martha Tuschoff, minors.
Notice of Resignation.
To all persons concerned:
Take notice that the under-
signed guardian and curator of
Monroe TuschotT and Martha
Tuscholl, minors, will, at the
November Term, 1912, of said
court, to be held at the court
house in the city of Jackson, in
said county and state, on the 11th
day of November, 1912, apply to
said court for leave to resign the
office and trust of said guardian
ship and curatorship.
Guardian and curator of
Monroe Tuschotf and
Martha Tuschoif. minors.
Dated October 8, .1912. 40-4 1.
1820 The printers of London
went in . grand procession to
Urandenburg House to present
ls.)! The Zinc works at Beth
lehem, Pa., began operations.
1SG1 Elections in Ohio. In
diana and Pennsylvania were a
decisive victory for Lincoln and
Tlte appointees of Governor
Hadley tire, as a rule, henrrilv
itia under arms all day and night ;the administration of the war j supiwrting the Republican cam
at Memphis, Term., expecting 'and rebuke for the peace party. eSMestnoZ
an attack by the Confederate j 1881 The new Parliament ! ed nominee of their party.