Bf 1!K task cf restoring the old campanile or
if j boll tower or St Mark- at Venice Is
fll I noarlng completion, and It Is confidently
e I I nt,nnUJ tk.i v. I r. .. t .. u. 1 1 1
i-Aliruiru iu iuq ui'llB Ul null munu will
break tholr nine years' stlenco and again
ring out on St. Mark's day, April 25, 19U.
The restoration of this famous tower
which collapsed suddenly on July 14,
1902, after a proud existence of 1.014
years has proved a greater undertaking
than anticipated, tome of the details pre
senting technical difficulties. The Inten
tion was to reproduce tho old tower as faithfully as
possible, and with that object In view the bricks, of
which there arc over a million, were specially se
lected and laid. The bricks aro each 12 Inches long.
Inches wide and 3 Inches deep, and the clay Is
twice mixed to secure homogeneity. These brlckn,
bowever, contained salt, which threatened to turn
tho tower white, and such an outcry was raised
among the Venetians that the work was suspended
white an Inquiry was held. It was fonnd that by
firolnnged soaking In water tho salt was removed.
The tower is quadrangular, nearly 40 feet square
t the base and 350 feet hltfb. Including the pinnacle
In the shape of a pyramid, tho summit being crowned
by the figure of an angel with spread wings. The
foundations of the ancient buildings were found to
be good, but none too wide, so that considerable
strengthening had to be effected. No scaffolding has
been used, a sliding platform Pelng contrived to rise
with the progress of the building.
The shaft, which waa completed last December,
is composed of an Inner and al outer shaft, between
f i H il $ III
11 1. MA m srb lissaMfafefe-t'l
SwUy ScWI Ltteos far Dm 11, 111!
Specially Arrancsd (or This Paper
which mounts the Inclined plane which loads to the
tell chamber. Tba walls of the outer shaft are sis
feet thick mid the Inclined piano Is lit by 30 win
dows, lu the new tower the shafts are bound to
cetber by Iron rods and the pilasters at the angles
of the inner shaft are similarly united. This will
cniixo nny future full of the tower to bo as one mass
Instead of a gentle subsiding.
Careful searching among the ruins of the old cam
panile resulted In the finding of nearly all the frag
ments of the beautiful bronze doors, statues and has
reliels if Sunsovlno's famous loggetta, ' which has
bon restored with wonderful care and devotion.
The estimated coct of the present tower Is over
t.Oi'0,000 friuick, this sum having been raised by pub
lic subscription and a largo grant from the state.
When the tower foil, of tho fivo bells only tho
largest was not broken; the other four have been
replned and wero presented to his beloved Ven
ice by I'opo Plus X. The Hons of Ft. Mark, which
originally occupied the centers of tho north and
south sides of the attic and were defaced during
the French occupation, are to be replaced.
Tho tower has a strangely hard ami new ap
pearance against the soft, tlme-mollowed facade
cf the church of St. Mark with Its wild horses
and curious Oriental-looking domes, and seems al
most as incongruous as the large steamboats and
motor launches which have now challenged the
upreruacy of the graceful gondola on Venetian
Wutcrwnys. The Venetians were, however, wise
to rebuild the campanile, for the long, low lines
of tho surrounding palaces need this sky piercing
ahaft to complete the effict eveu as London needs
the dome of St. Taul's to lift Its sombre roofs la
an upward effort.
The bells of the old campanile were shattered
by tho full of the tower, but they have now, as
stated above, been replaced by the generosity of
tho present pope. Tliey wero cnBt on St. Mark's
lr.y, April 25, and will again be solemnly rung
om the tower an St. Mark's day of next year.
"Uy kind permission of Professor Giuseppe del
'coin, chief tiupi rliitemlent of tho renonstruc
i of tho loggetta, I was permitted." writes a
espoiiflent, "to witness the remarkable work
h has bt n accomplished within one of the
'ca of the doge's palace. Here, within the
w of the beiutlful staircase which mounts
upper story, and within sight of the win
mi which Silvio Pclllco looked out during
iy years of confinement, there has been
gether with Infinite pains tho wonderful
ce facade of Sansovlno."
e an example of the method which has
iod one may take the case of three col
eccla corulllna which ferm part of the
ig Pt. Murk's. One has been put to-
pieces, another In 32 pieces, while a
much damaged that it lias had to
iy a block of Asiatic marble known
'oruto, so called from a block of this
been found In a villa near Rome
ttlmlo Passo, a Roimin consul,
-mission of Slgnor KdJardo Dott
washed In order to ex
tract any destructive salts
from Its composition. In
some cases the brick hi
been washed four or Ave
times In order to thor
oughly cleanse It. So care
ful has the committee
been to secure the best
materials, that the first
portion of the reconstruct
ed brick work was re
moved owing to suspi
cions as to the quality of
tho bricks supplied. Tha
brick shaft now rises com
pletely clear of all scaf
folding and Impedimenta,
and from certain points of
view the old effect of the
piazza Is again coming to
Entering the archway
OYS Or 7?frfYfMLCft GflLS
Placentinl, chief superintendent of the recon
struction of tho campanile, I was permitted,"
writes a correspondent, "to thoroughly luspect
the new tower which Is rising above the fairy
city of Venice." Passing through the palisading
which keeps out the ordlnnry public from the
base of the campanile one first observes the pans
In which each brick, after being brought down
from Trevlso to tho Oluderca has been carefully
tlia ho no nf thA tOW Of
III vuw -- - i - -
one ascends by a series or Cry of Relief,
lnnlne waya made of re- , 7. Father. Into
lnforeed concrete. The In
terior brickwork Is a marvel of fine setting, and j
when struck with the hand a portion of It win re
sound like a drum, lleachtng tne present uinnuw
one Is able to examine tho progress with the stone
work of the dado, which in turn will support the
pyramid apex of the tower.
On the summit of all will be fixed a gilded fig
uro of an angel, pivoted at the head of a pendulum,
so that when wintry winds sweep over the Vene
tian lssonna the strain upon the tower on this
figure will be reduced to a minimum
LKSSON TEXT-Matthew I7:U-0. Mem
ory verses, 4, 41-42.
GOLbKN TEXT "H was woundd for
our transsresKlons. He wss bruised (or
our Inl'iultlr." Ina. Ml
. TIMK Friday morning. April T. A. D.
, from six o'clock A. M. till threa
o'lock V. M.
' FI.ACf.-(l) mate's Judgment hall elth
r In Herod's I'nlaee In the western prt
tnf the city; or In Caatle Antnnla adjoin
ing the Temple area on the north.
The Roman trial, before Pilate,
was in the palace of Pilate, opening
Into a lurge court. See place. In tha
Jewish court the charge brought
against Jesus was blasphemy, that la
treason against Ood and the Jewish
commonwealth. The penalty waa
When tho leaders brought Jesus bo
fore Pilate they hoped that the gov
ernor would accept their verdict, and
simply countersign their sentence
without Inquiring further, taking for
granted that they would not have con-t
demned a man to death unless he de
served It. Dut Pilate asked: "What
nccusntlon ' bring ye against thla
The verdict of Pilate was, 1 find no'
is'iit In this man."
From the mockeries In rilate'i
court Jesus was led away to be cruci
fied. Jesus wss so weak from his long
and Intense sufferings that an African
from Cyrene was compelled to help
him bear the cross.
The distance was from half a mile
to a mile, according to the pjnee f
starting (the tower of Antonla, o
Herod's palace) and the location ct
Calvary. In advance was a soldier
rnrrylng a white wooden board on
which was written the nature of the
crime. ' Next ennio four soldiers, un
der a centurion, with the hammer and
the nails, guarding Jesus, who bore,
as always In suc h cases, the cross on
which he was to suffer (John 19:17.
r. v.l. Then came two robbers, ench
bearing his cross and guarded by four
soldiers. As they went forth Into the
street they were followed by a great
multitude many with eager curiosi
ty; priests exulting over their en
emy; Mary, with other women, weep
ing (l.uke 23:27).
This scene Is vividly described In
"Pm Hur:" "He was nenrly dead.
Every few steps he staggered ns If he
would fall. A stained gown, badly
torn, hung from his shoulders over a
seamless under-tunlc. An Inscription
on a board was tied to his neck. A
crown of thorns had been crushed
hard down upon his head. The mob
sometimes broke through the gunrd
and struck him with sticks, and spit
upon him. Tct no sound escaped him."
The seven words from the cross:
1. Father, forgive them; for they
know not what they do, was probably
spoken In the height of the agony,
when the cross with the victim upon
It was dropped with a sudden wrench
Into Its place In the ground.
2. Today shall thou bo with' me In
paradise. To the penitent robber, to
3. Woman, behold thy son. Rehold
thy mother! Toward noon, when com
mitting his mother to the loving care
4. Klo I, Elo I, la ma sabach thanl.
Aramaic for My God, my God. whf
, hast thou forsaken me? Spoken In
the darkness and depression of spirit
i near his death, about three o'clock In
I tho afternoon. The sole expression of
I 5. I thirst, in the intense thirst of
i his dying hour. The sole expression
j of bodily suffering.
6. It Is finished. "Tho Workers'a
Cry of Achievement, the Sufferer'a
Lydta E. Pinkhams
Chicago, 111. "I was troubled with
railing' and inflammation, and the doo-
tfl4-v"-w,:!i;.v,id tors said I could noj
had an operation,
I knew I could not)
stand the strain of
one, so I wrote to
70a sometime amy
about my health
and you told me
what to do. Aftet?
taking- Lydla E.
ble Compound and
Blood Purl.ler I am
lo-dava well woman." Mrs. WnxiAK
Ahrknb, B88 W. Slit St, Chicago, 111.
Lyrlla E. rinkham't Vegetable Com
bound, made from natlvo roots and
herbs, contains no narcotics or harm
ful drugs, and to-day holds the record
tor the largest number of actual cures
f female diseases of any similar medU
elne In the country, and thousands of
voluntary testimonials Are on file la
the Ilnkham laboratory at Lynn,
Mass, from women who baro boea
cured from almost every form of
female complaints. Inflammation, nU
Irregularities, periodlo pains, backache.
Indigestion and nervous prostration. ,
Every such suffering woman owes it to
berself to give Lydla K rinkham,
Vegetable Compound trial.
If you would like Bpecfal advice)
about your case write a confiden
tial letter to Mrs. Plnkhain, at
Lynn, Moss. Her advice is free
and always belpfoL
CInhn tod Sttutirttf th. habi
Llt'SnS mj S,djl ' lnjK'M
PUT 'EM TO SLEEP.
Novelist When I'm writing a novel,
I lose considerable sleep over IL
Critic Oh! well, what's your loss Is
your readers' gain.
Reason for 8tring Names.
A little colored girl appeared oo
one of the city playgrounds the other
day, accompanied by two pickanin
nies, w ho, she explained, were cousins
of hers, visitors In Newark. "What
are their names," asked the young
woman In chnrgo of the playground.
"Aida Overture Johnson and Lucia
Eextette Johnson," the girls answered.
"Yqu see their papa used to work for
a opera man." Newark News.
from tho summit of the tower Is a fascinating and
In some respects a surprising one, for from this
elevation none of the canals are visible, and the
only one of tho Innumerable bridges which one can
discern Is the Ponte del Ixivo a Venetian corrup
tion of the Italian word lupo, which signifies a wolf.
THE WELSH EISTEDDFOD
The National Eisteddfod of Wales, celebrated
every autumn, Is one of the most picturesque fes
tivals remaining In this commercial age. The
Gentlewoman remarks especially on the growing
part taken by women. Ki(t.KK.iiVtJlMXH
l.ast year wnon the Gorsedd, or meeting to
SEES 0 tl
t ether In.U
third was. at
be repla A
as sate baM t
belonging to B
"Hy V'l"l P
proclaim the bards, was held In Kensington Gar
dens In tho early morning no one looked better
than I.ody St. Davids in her silken robes of em
erald greeq, or more graceful than tho countess
Maltland, whose graco and charm one longs to
seo added to the Grecian folds of an Ovate's
And now a word on the Gorsedd Itutdf. On
the Logan Stone the Arch-Druid Dyfed was at
tended by nil his bards, some In white robes and
others In blue, and the Ovates la green. The
twelve chief bards stood by their sacred unhewn
stones. Ancient prayers were recited. The huge
Brythonlc sword of peace was drawn and
sheatned threo times with the question by the
Arch-Druid, "A bos Heddwch?" to which all pres
ent responded by a shout "Heddwch!" ("Peace.")
After eueh shout of "Heddwch!" tho sword
was sheathed and tho draught of mead from the
"Hlrlox" horn was drunk by the Arch-Druid. Then
followed the Initiation of new members Into the
Gorsedd and short Knglynlon (alliterative stan
tas) wero recited In Welsh by the bards, who In
turn stood on tho Logan Stone and received the
applause as well " the laughter nf appreciation,
for many of the Euglynton nre oxcoedlngly witty
as well us good poetry.
The chief harpist, Ap Eosy DlrUi, played, and
Eos Dar sang his characteristically Welsh Pea all-
lion, which In their monotonous but varied chant
ing on a very few notes remind one of the east
and Its primitive music.
Symbolic offerings of the fruits and flowers
of the earth the oak, leek, mistletoe, corn,
heather and vervain form the bouquet which
every year Is presented by some prominent wom
an; by the late Lady Llanover, for Instance, who
always appeared at the Gorsedd In national cos
tume and Insisted upon ber -servants wearing It
on all occasions.
In Wales the Eisteddfod Is naturally more
characteristically Welsh than when It Is held in
Ixindon. The choirs and Instrumental music are
listened to with breathless attention, while again
and again one hoars "Da lawn" (Very good"), or
sometimes "No good," as the case may be, while
for the time being all Is forgotten but the music.
TN culminating Interest of the Eisteddfod Is
cc; v red In the chairing of the bard on Thurs
daythe award for the greatest alliterative poem
of the year. The adjudicators read their decision,
criticising the different poems sent in, and an
nouncing at the close the nom de plume of the
successful competitor. The whole building Is
galvanized with intense excitement The winning
author stands, and two bards are sent to conduct
him antld strains of music to bis ctalr of bonoi
in the bardie circle.
thy hands I com
mend my spirit. Ills dying cry, "the
triumphant note of a conqueror."
"Redemption through his blood," so
frequent'.r referred to In the New
Testament, gives the highest possible
expression of love, lilood Is life, the
life he gave to save us. Rut this In
cludes the whole life of Christ, his
coming, bis life work, his death on
the cross, and his resurrection It was
this Christ who expressed bis su
preme love and his Father's love by
giving his life that we might live. The
sacrifice on the cross was the highest
proof and the strongest expression of
the love of God to man. Christ proved
the greatness of his love by what he
was willing to suffer for those be
loved. Ruskln says that "the fountain
In which sins are Indeed washed away
is that of love, not of agony." Hut the
agony was tho measure and the proof
of love. It declares God's love to
man "In letters that can be read from
the stars." The faot Is that there Is
no other way to express in language
that all can understand the highest
degrees of heroism, courage, self-sacrifice,
and love. It Is these qualities
we see rather than the agony, as we
do not see the particles of matte In
the air by which the sunlight Is dif
fused, but we see the light.
Every power and every motive that
can touch the heart of man to lift
him out of sin Into the kingdom of
heaven radiates from the cross, as the
completion of the sacrifice of Christ
It shows to us the evil of sin, since
r'demptton from sin demanded such a
cost. It reveals to us the loving heart
of God. It shows that we cannot en
ter heaven unless we are cleansed
from sin. It teaches us the value of
salvatlou, great beyond our concep
tion. It shows the value of our souls,
of character, of a right life. It seta
ns an example of doing right at any
lost, even of our lives.
Couldn't Do It.
"I can't stay long." said the chair
man of the coromltteo from the col
ored church. "I Just ccme to see If
yo' wouldn't Join de mission band."
To' de lan' sakes. honey." replied
the old mammy, "doan' come to met
can't even play a mouf organ."
The Millionaire Doctor, Is it abso
lutely necessary to remove my appendix?
"Not absolutely, but it )s safer to
begin with some simple operation
like that" Life.
HEALTH AND INCOME
Both Kept Up on Scientific Food.
Good sturdy health helps one a lot
to make money.
With the loss of health one's Income
Is liable to shrink, If not entirely
When a young lady has to make her
own living, good health is her best
"I am alone In the world," writes a
Chicago girl, "dependent on my own
efforts for my living. I am a clerk,
and about two years ago through close
application to work and a boarding
house diet I became a nervous in
valid, and got so bad oft It was almost
Impossible for me to stay in the office
a halt day at a time.
"A friend suggested to me the Idea
of trying Grape-Nuts food which I did.
making it a large part of at least two
meals a day.
"Today, I am free from braln-tlre,
dyspepsia, and all the ills of an over
worked and Improperly nourished
brain and body. To Grape-Nuts I
owe the recovery of my health, and
the ability to retain my position and
Read "The Road to Wellvllle,'' la
pkgs. "There's a Reason."
m nm tk above letter? A an
apaara Iroaa lloae tae Tar
are ceaaiae, urae, lau el aa
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