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tf)RE HORRIBLE AND
, Disaster Unprecedented
Hundred Thousand DiePogs and Swine,
Enraged by Hunger, Spring Upon the
Injured and Devour Them.
Rome. Soulli Italy and the Island of Sicily have been visited by nn ap
palling calamity, the extent of which cannot yet be grasped. An oaitlupiako
JMbnday wrecked city lifter city and obliterated smaller towns and villages with
Then a tidal wave swept along the
-horror, drowning the people in their holplessties? and panic, Fire came to com
plate the work of destruction.
Flames broke out in the devastated cities and countless numbers of wounded
men, women and children were burned to death.
The finest palaces, churches and theaters of Messina are heaps of ruins. Count
less dead bodies arc scattered through the- wreckage and their decomposition will
doubtless bring pestilence to add to the horrors of the situation.
The devastation ocr the entire district was more or less complete. No part
of the province of Reggio do Calabria escaped. The disturbance was most scerc
Along the shores of the Straits of Messina, where the cities of Messina and Reggio
As mankind can do nothing against the work of nature, it only remains
to raze Messina to the ground in which the bodies of the dead will be forever
buried. So the place where Messina once stood will thus become a huge cemetery.
Rome. Although graphic stories arc coming into Home of the horrors in
Southern Italy and Sicily, these are but repetitions of indiidual tragedies
already recorded. What chiefly concerns the government and people is the
nrubrcss thnfc is Iirttirr mniln tnwnril t.lm roliof nf tlinsn wlin linvn suffered bv
tl$ dreadful visitation. Considerable
Messina, whore, according to official
b beginning to work satisfactorily.
So far as has been possible quicklime is used on the dead; many bodies
have been burned and other buried.
One feature of the disaster at Reggio is the large number of homeless
children. In some cases little babies were found creeping about in the ruins,
and it seems impossible to restore them to their parents, even if the parents
were alive. A sailor who went ashore at Reggio relates that dining his woik
of rescue he was attracted by a sound of infant voices. Looking under a fallen
beam, he found twins about a year old in a basket.
V In many case3 survivors recovered consciousness to find themselves far away
from the scene of the disaster. Largo numbers of aurviors hac become insane.
What has taken place at Reggio has been a repitition of tho scenes at
Messina, but the propoition of the population to perish at tho former place is
higher. The conditions at Reggio aie worse than at Messina, owing to danger of
ejiidemic from decomposing bodits.
It has been proposed in small villages where not a house remains standing
to set the debris on fire as a means of purification.
Messina. The city is absolutely dcstioyed. The spectacle is a teirifying
one. A great conflagration broke out immediately after the earthquake and
'devoured all that the earth shocks had
buried in the debris. The latest calculations place tho total number of survivors
at only 10,000. The dead at Messina alone reach the stupendous figuies of nearly
Help from tho outer world is at last beginning to reach the stricken city.
The British ciuiser Sutlej steamed in Wednesday fiom Malta and was followed
by the Russian battleships Shu a and Cznrovvitch and the cruiser Admiial Maka
rouf. The officers and men of tho two navies are giving every possible aid, yet
their task is a fearful one.
Under the pelting tain, in open nir, hospitals are being installed in what were
once tho stieels of tho town. The sights on every hand nie so moving, so tragic,
that it is almost impossible to desciibo them adequately. The utmost depths of
anguish and suffering eeem to have been sounded.
The entire gariinon of Messina has peiisheJ in the ruins, and people who
survive unhurt cannot escapo fiom the
i kinsmen, wives, husbnnd.s, patents and
from want of ships, nnd they aie suffering the cruel exticmities of hunger and
r thhst. Here and theio they can bo seen soaiehing eageily in tho debits and
universal ruin for some morsels to eat or for water to drink, but tho heaps of
dust and debris yield them nothing.
At every turn some lamentable scene meets the eyes. Men and women half
naked nndtenibly injured are imploiiug lelief. The hospitals nnd chemists'
ehop3 have disappeared, and thoie aie neither diugs nor surgical instruments at
The configuration of tho Straits of Messina has been materially altered. The
tidal wave that completed the destructive woik of the earth quake was thirty
two feet high.
$300,000 IN SUPPLIES RUSHED TO SURVIVORS OF EARTHQUAKE.
Washington. Piesident Roosevelt announced that he has sent two supply
nhips with $300,000 woith of supplies to Italy; that he will ask Congress for
additional aid, nnd that ho has ofTciod the use of he battleship fleet to Italy.
The announcement was contained in a telegram, made public at the White
House, which tho president sent to Patrick F. McGowan, chairman of the American-Italian
gencial lelief committee, New York City. Tho telegram follows:
"I eoinestly wish success to the American-Italian general relief now in its
gieat mass meeting nt Madison Square Gaidun. It is, of couisc, not possible for
me to attend in person. I am doing everything that can be dono to get aid
to the Bufl'ering, nnd on account of the cxtieme urgency of tho case, have sent
two supply ships with $300,000 worth of food and provisions, without waiting for
tho authoiity of Congress, being confident that Congress will approve of my action.
"I shall also ask Congress for additional aid, and thioughout the coming
week will keep in tho closest touch with Congress and through the state depait
incnt with Italy, so that everything possible to bo dono by the United States
may be done.
"Furthermore, I have cabled the Italian government, proffering the services
of any or all of the battleship fleet, if such can be of use in this crisis.
SUPPLY SHIPS HURRYING AT FULL SPEED TO MESSINA.
Sue5. Tho United States Atlantic battleship Hoot, completing two days
ahead of its schedule, the next to tho longest run of its world-giidling cruibc,
arrived here Sunday morning from Colombo, a distance of 3,110 knots, from
which place tho fleet sailed on December 20.
The converted ctuiser Yankton and tho supply ship Culgoa, with a number
of doctois and a large supply of provisions and stores aboaid, will go to Messina
at full speed. A)l urrangenientB were made by vviieless for the ships of t,ho fleet
to pass through tho canal as quickly as possible and to coal at Port Said, vvheie
25,000 tons are stored. The authorities have made arrangements for the battle
ships to have right of way for a clear run thtough the canal.
At Poit Said the crews will coal tho battleships with nil possible speed, so a3
to bo in position to go promptly to Messina.
In reply to a messago from tho navy department, Rear Admiral Spcrry said
Iio had supplies available for distribution to tho Italian earthquake sufferers as
Heveroges, 50,000 gallons; bread, 000,000 pounds; cereals, 80,000 pounds;
fruits, 00,000 pounds; fresh meat, 00,000 pounds; other meats, 100,000 pounds;
vegetables (canned), 80,000 pounds; milk, 50,000 pounds, and numerous other items.
Tho Culgoa will distribute these provisions. There are six burgeons and a
number of hospital men on board tho Culgoa and Yankton, and they are taking
with them Bi'oplics of cots, blankets, etc
in World's History-Two
Strait of Messina and added to the
advance in this respect has been made
reports received here, the supply scrvico
spiued. Neaily the' entire population is
vast smouldering tomb in which their
childien lie. The sea is closed to them
Paris. Tho Figiro of Saturday pub
lishes the following dispatch fiom Hornet
"As each day goes by the disaster ap
peals more honible, teirifying and Im
mense. It is without pipcedent in tho
history of tho woild. In my earlier dla
patches I spoke of over 150,000 dead.
This number doubtless will bo exceeded,
for now it is conservatively estimated
thut 200,000 persons perished miserably
iir this staggering catastrophe and tho
worst is not yet known. Tho scourge
has not yet done its final work.
"Tho tremblings of the earth continue
with sinister rumblings, and at times
jets of boiling water suigo from tho
crevasses. The sources of the streams
are poisoned by putrid water.
"In spite of herculean efforts, the
succor still is insufficient. In tho morn
remote regions the unhappy injured nre
dying for want of food and medical
treatment. Dogs and swine, enraged by
hunger, spring upon the wounded nnd
devour them. Insatiable fire and uncor
trolled famine will inexorably claim the?
HUNG BY SKIRTS FOUR DAYS.
Horrible Experience of a Girl Earthquake
Naples. Harrowing episodes from
Reggio continue to ilow in. A girl, in a
frantic effort to escapo, attempted to
leap over a balcony of her home. Her
skirts caught in tho iron work and she
hung there swaying in the wind for
four days. A woman buried under the
debris of her house, although slightly
injured, was unable to move, while her
husband and children, crushed on the floor
nbove, slowly bled to death, their blood
dropping on her breast and arms. She
was finally taken out alive, but was de
mented, not even knowing her name.
NOT A WHOLE HOUSE.
Destruction of Messina Terrible and
Rome. It is beginning to be possible
to obtain something of a precise idea
of the extent of the catastrophe caused
by tho eaithquake. Medina is said to
look like n town that had been bom
barded for hours by a great war ileet.
Not a house remains standing. Of the
city's 100,000 inhabitants, -it is still im
possible to say how many poi Kited.
There is a possibility thut a third sur
vived, a quiii ter or fewer still. In any
case, it is safe to say that 100,000
persons were buiicd beneath the wreck
age. In thirty seconds Italy lost more of
her children than did Russia in a whole
year of her war with Japan, which was
the most sanguinary in hUtoty. It
seems ceitain that all the email towns
nnd villages that dotted the altoio and
hills near Reggio have been annihilated.
Without counting the lesaer centeia ot
population, the following have been al
most cntiiely destioyed.
Mesaina, 160,000; Reggio, 00,000; Laz
7aro, 3,000; Seilla, 5,000; Goguara, 10,
000; Villa San Giovanni, 12,000, and
Palmi, 14,000. Inland towns and vil
lagcs, too, have Mifloied enormously.
Survivors of Shock at Catanzaro Ara
Catanzaro, Calabria. Tho prefect of
Reggio, after the first shock, l ushed
about like u mad man, seeking help to
save his wife and children, who wcro
buried in tho ruins of the piofectuie.
Two workmen finally reached them and
brought them out, but tho two children
died in tho arms of their father.
A young girl at rived heie Friday from
Reggio after walking 18 miles, prac
tically without clothing. Finally, on
the outskirts of Catuiuaro, a monk
stripped off his habit and gave it to the
unfortunate. Another young woman ot
Reggio was a piNouer for 48 hours on
tho fifth floor of her home. She called
for help, which none daied give her be
cause of the uti-afo condition of the
walls. Finally, when a fireman braved
tho danger and brought tho girl down,
she was found to havo gone raving mad.
Her mother and father, two In ot Inns
nnd u sister wore lying dead in a loom
Rome. There is every reason to bo
pessimistic over tho situation. At
Palmi 125 bodies have already been dis
covered. It is said the deaths at Hag
mini nro 1,000, at Santo Kufomia 1,500
and at Seminaia 100.
Orso, tho piefect of Reggio, sends the
following from Geracn Marina: "As a
result of the eaithquake tho town is
almost onthely destioyed. Many thou
sands nrq killed. The prefecture and
other public buildings are in ruins.
Other towns in tho piovincc nie almost
cntiiely destroyed. Send help at once,
especially food and medicine, as tlio
town contains nothing."
A man who escaped to' Catania fiom
Messina declines it is impossible to do
scribe tho spectacle presented. The
town is in ruins and reduced to a mast
i of BuiokiJiB- debris. ,
MISSOURI RATE HEARING.
Federal Court Issues Order to Expedite
the Railroad Cases.
Kansas City. After a brief holiday
recess tho hearing of the Missouri rate
case, Involving eighteen railroad com
panlcB operating in this state was re
sumed In the United Stales district
court here before Judge Smith Mc
Phcrson. The rase involves the 2-cent
passenger and the max lmum freight
laws of Missouri, which the railroads
are attacking as confiscatory. The
state continued the presentation of its
side of the case.
The trial of the case of the St. Louis
nnd San Francisco Railway company
was finished and the suit of the
AtchlBon, Topeka and Santa Fo railway
went to trial.
Judge McPhcrson made an order
directing all of the testimony taken in
the case of the St. Louis and San
Francisco and the testimony taken
one year ago before a special master
In the cases of the Chicago, Burlington
and Qulncy, the Missouri Pacific and
the Watash railroads to be admitted
as evidence in the trial of the other
fourteen cases pending in the federal
court. This order will expedite the
trial of the remaining suits.
'MAIL ORDER BETROTHAL."
Man Got Money and Now Woman Is
Looking for Him. '
Kansas City. Mo.. Dec. 30. The
story of a "mail order betrothal" and
the subsequent loss of ?1,430 was told
by Mrs. Elizabeth Jackson, 50 years
old. Mis. Jackson lives in Iola, Kan.
Bert S. Kimbrell, assistant prosecuting
attorney, heard her tale and issued a
warrant for th arrest of "John
Madson of St. Louis.
Mrs. Jackson and her two children
lived on a farm near Iola. She says
she corresponded for several weeks
with a man signing himself Madison.
Then the man visited her. It was love
at first sight. They were to bo mar
ried the day before Christmas.
Mrs. Jackson declared she sold her
farm and loaned him $,1050. She and
the man calling himself Madison were
to be married here, she says, and ther
Ho to his faun.
INSTITUTIONS ASK 85,453,280.
$2,327,090 Increase Over the Amount
Paid Last 2 Years.
Jeffeison City. Various state edu
cational, eleemosynary and penal in
stitutions (the penitentiary excluded)
will ask the new legislature for an
aggregate appropriation for main
tenance and improvements that are
deemed absolutely necessary of $5,
453,2S0.50 for the years 1909-10.
This is an increase over the amount
paid by the state for the last two
jeais of $2,327,090.50, and is a straw
showing how many heavy demands
will be made upon a revenue fund
that has been perilously low for the
last two years. The biggest item In
the list of the Institutions Is the State
University, tho total amount asked
for being $1,004,000.
TIPTON, MO., BANKER ARRESTED
Roy Bane is Charged With Embezz
Jefferson City. Roy Bane, former
cashier of the People's Bank of Tip
ton, was anested at Tipton, Moniteau
county, on complaint of the State
Banking Department on the charge of
embezzling $21,000 of the funds of tho
Later, Bane was released on $25,000
bond. He is about 32 years old and
had been cashier of the People's Bank
for thirteen yeais. Dining the greater
part of that time it was ono of the
most prosperous instluitions of Cen
In 1904 the controlling interest was
sold to paitles said to be living In
Kansas City. No banker ever enjoy
ed a better reputation for honor and
Mo. P. Train In Crash.
Sedulia. Missouri Pacific passeng
er tuiln No. 3, westbound, collided
with n yaid engine hero. The Impact
turned the yard engine- completely
over. Engtneor Sam Haco and Fire
man Jnmes Hart of 'No. 3, both from
St. Louis, jumped. Hart suffered a
sprained nnklo. Everyone else escap
ed Injury bojond a scvero shaking.
Oil Inspector Resigns.
Jefferson City. Ewlng Y. Mitchell,
n brother-in-law of the late "Silver
Dick" Bland who was appointed coal
oil Inspector of Springfield about two
weeks ago, lias resigned and Gov.
Folk named his successor Ernest H.
Scholtcn, whom Mr. MItchull had
originally Indorsed for tho position.
I Toole Pc-ru-na.
.604 tenth fWpi lv
Peruna Drug Co., Columbus, Ohio.
Gentlemen: I can cheerfully recom
mend Peruna as au effective cure for
coughs and colds.
You are authorized to use my photo
with testimonial in any publication.
Mrs. Joseph Hall Chase,
804 Tenth St., Washington, D. C.
Could Not Smell Nor Hear.
Mrs. A. L. Wetzel, 1023 Ohio St., Terro
Haute, Ind., writes:
"When I began to take your medicino
I could not smell, nor hear a church
bell ring. Now I can both smell and
"When I becran your treatment my
head was terrible. I had buzzing anil
chirping noises in my head.
"I followed your advice faithfully anil
took Peruna as you told me. Now I
might say I am well.
"I vvnnt to go and visit mv mother
and see the doctor who said I was not
long for this world. I will tell him it was
Peruna that cured me."
Peruna is manufactured by Tho
Peruna Drug Mfg. Co., Columbus, Ohio.
Ask your Druggist tor a Free Peruna
Almanac tor 1909.
"CALLING" THE PITCHER.
The captain See hero, you've givo
seventeen men bases on balls! Di3
hero's a ball game, not no six-day
The judge was about to pass sen
tence upon the condemned man.
"In view of certain contingent cir
cumstances," he said, "I'm Inclined to
treat you with leniency."
A veiled woman who was sitting at
a little distance suddenly burst into
"Are you the prisoner's wife?" his
The woman could only nod.
"I think that In view of all these
mitigating influences," tho judge re
sumed, "I will fix three years "
Tho veiled woman suddenly gasped.
"It ain't half enough, judge; It ain't
half enough!" she wildly shrieked.
When Bill Burns first struck Wash
ington he stopped at one ot the hotels.
Finding the expense would not be so
great at a boarding house, he packed
up his belongings and set forth.
A couple of weeks afterward, Mur
phy of the Athletics said he heard ho
was living at a boarding house.
"You heard wrong," replied Bill.
"I'm boarding In a boarding house."
THEN AND NOW
Complete Recovery from Coffee
"About nlno yenrs ago my daughter,
from coffee drinking, was on tho vergo
of nervous prostration," writes a Louls
vlllo lady. "She was conflnod for tho
most part to her home.
"When she attempted a trip down,
town sho was often brought home in a
cab nnd would bo prostrated for days
"On the advice ot her physician sho
gave up coffee and tea, drank Postum,
and nto Grape-Nuts for breakfast.
"Sho liked Postum from the very
beginning nnd wo soon saw Improve
ment. To-dny sho Is in perfect health,
tho mother of fivo children, all of
whom nro fond of Postum.
"Sho has recovered, Is a member of
three charity organizations nnd a club,
holding an ofllco In each. Wo glvo
Postum and Grape-Nuts tho credit for
"There's a ncason."
Name given by Postum Co., Battle
Creolt, Mich. Read, "Tho Road to
Wollvllle," In pkgs.
ner rend the nbove letter f A uew
one appear (rum lluic to time. Tuey
nre ucnulue, true, und full of Uuiuuu