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HAYTI, MISSOURI, FRIDAY,; JULY 28, 1922
Reed Stabbed Party in Back; Now Unrepentant, Would Lead
Charles M. Hay, in Speech at Sikeston,
Charges Reed Betrayed Party in 1920.
The Most Eloquent Democrat in Missouri
Pleads for Nomination of Long to U. S. Senate.
Discusses Campaign Issue.
Sikeston, Mo. Charles M. jHay,
of Si. Louis, concluded his three
day tour of Southeast Missouri with
an address here today. As in pre
vious talks, Hay devoted himself
largely to the public record of Sena
tor James A. Reed. He asserted
Reed had employed the tactics of the
jungle in his dealings with Wood
row Wilson, and charged him with
hetrayal of the Democratic party in
Missouri and the nation.
Hay pledged his steadfast sup
port to Breckinridge Long, who is
opposing Reed for the Democratic
nomination for United States Sena
tor, subject to the State-wide pri
mary election on August 1. Long,
he said, represents a positive, con
structive force, promising great use
fulness to his constituents, if sent to
Washington, while Reed's record is
an undeviating trail of criticism, ob
struction and opposition.
Hay's speech was filled with elo
quent passages, which aroused his
hearers to great enthusiasm. His
tributes to the Missouri farmer, to
the service men and to Woodrow
Wilson were especially noteworthy.
He spoke in part as follows:
REED'S RECORD REVIEWED.
"Reed h.as ability; talent; but
can that talent be trusted? What To
the answer in his senatorial career?
"He entered the Senate in 1910
with these words still ringing in the
cars of his constituents:
" 'I have never given aid or com
fort to the enemy. I have not claim
ed to be wiser than the combined
wisdom of my party as expressed in
its platform regularly adopted.'
"Have his acts squared with his
"Let his record before the war,
during 'the war and since the war,
"In 1912 a Democratic adminis
tration came into power. With a
fidelity and vision unsurpassed in
our history it set itself to the ac
complishment of long-deferred re
forms. What was the contribution of
James A. Reed to his party and his
country during that period?
"Criticism, obstruction, opposi
tion. "In 1914 the President recom
mended certain needed changes in
the Interstate Commerce Commission
law. Reed opposed the measure. In
the same year the President proposed
amendments to the anti-trust laws.
Reed opposed the measure after it
had been agreed upon in conference.
"The Federal Reserve Hank Act,
he, at Jlrst, attacked with a ferocity
Hhat brought consternation to its
friends. He seemed determined to
defeat it. Finding that impossible,
and yielding for once to party press
ure, he was, to use the language of
Carter Glass of Virginia, 'finally
whipped into line.' But to accom
plish this a personal appeal to tho
great President, who was laying out
his very life for tho measure, was
necessary. It was then ho wrote
the letter which eight years later
Reed has tho temerity to submit as
his certificate of character as a Dem
ocrat and public servant.
RECORD IN WAR TIME.
"So reads his record before tho
war. War came. What was Reed's
contribution to his party and his
country during the war? Again the
record answers criticism, obstruc
tion, opposition. He voted for the
war. But ho opposed tho measures
necessary to win tho war. With his
nation at war, practically without
nn army, he opposed the service act,
designed to secure an army and se
cure it on the Jeffersonian principle
that 'all men are created equal.'
With an army called for, which bad
to be fed, he opposed the food con
trol act, designed to secure food and
secure It in fair and equitable terms.
If be bad voted against the war, he
could not have pleasd the kaiser
"But, thank God, he didn't have his
way. He didn't ham-string America
or enable Germany to win-. The
forces of constructive statesmanship
couldn't whip him in line, but they
brushed him aside and marched on.
Not only the statesmen from Mis
souri, but the boys from Missouri
marched on. They answered their
country's call with a dare, they sail
ed the seas with a song, they went
over the top with a smile. They
marched on through blood and
lire, on the front, till that November
morning when beneath the stars of
their God and their country, they
stood triumphant over the broken
remnants of German autocracy. Of
them and their record, we're proud.
We're proud of the record made by
fathers and mothers, wives and
daughters who stayed at home and
worked and saveu, prayed and sac
rificed that these boys might be fed
and clothed, armed and munitioned,
and that America might win the war
The paths of Missouri's young
manhood run from homes to dug
outs, and from furrows of the farm to
the trenches of the battle front.
These paths are lit by the altar fires
of sacrifice and patriotism. Would
the price had declined S9c per bush
el. What is the price now? -What
has it been since? By what rule,
therefore, can It be calculated that
Hoover deprived the American farm
ers of a billion dollars? By the
token of actual figures I say that if
Hoover was responsible for the prices
farmers enjoyed in war times, the
daily prayer of the American farmers
now Bhould be: 'Oh, Lord, give us
more of Hoover and less of Harding.'
TRIBUTE TO THE FARMER.
"But Reed says Hoover kept the
American farmer from getting per
haps 510 per bushel for his wheat.
If he means by that to charge that
the American farmer complains be
cause he didn't get $10 per bushel,
I resent it as a slander of the Amer
ican farmer. I was born and reared
"What was the record of James A.
Heed? Criticism, obstruction, op
position. He, opposed it. He de
nounced it. He attacked the good
faith and patriotism of the President
for advising its ratification. He not
only fought the treaty, but he fought
it unfairly. He didn't state the facts t
He deliberately misstated them. He
didn't fight it honestly. He delib
erately misconstrued the plain terms
of the covenant. He resorted to base
sophistry and demagoguery to de
ceive the people. He stooped to
coarse appeals to passion and preju
dice to inflame the people against the
treaty and the treaty's supporters.
VILLIFICATION OF WILSON.
"The cruel fact is that this man,
who in 1910 boasted that he had
nev'er stabbed his party's leaders in
on a farm. My father and mother j the back, not only denounced the
sleep in the country graveyard hard'JPresident's proposal, but villified
by the farm their hands had cleared him personally. Not only in the
aud tilled, and on which they lived Senate, but from one end of the
and loved and died. My kinsmen are- country to the other, he attacked
God thoseSwere the onlyxraes.mada around the world.' I saw him byJitnteraent h, this campaign, Jhe at
by Missourians. But winding
amidst them like the tortuous trail
of the hissing serpent is the path
made by the senior Senator from
"But we didn't follow him. He
made that slimy trail alone. It is
my faith that we won't crawl, in it
farmers. I own a farm myself. And
1 think I know something of the loy
alty and patriotism of the American
farmer. I have seen him as he wooed
and won and loved and lost. I .have
seen him as, with radiant eyes, he
stood by the newborn babe, and,
again as he dropped the last tear on
a new-made grave. I have seen him
at dawn go whistlig afield to wring'
from Mother Earth a sustenance fot)
his flock and a contribution to the
hungry world. I have seen him at
the end of the day as he gathered his
family about him to invoke the guid
ance and protection of a beneficent
God. I have seen him through the
eyes of the barefoot country school
boy. I saw him yonder at Lexington
as embattled he 'fired the shot heard
him with the coarseness of the gut
ter and the ferocity of the jungle.
The attacks began as Hie President
took his heat at the conference table,
continued as the President, single
handed and alone, battled for jus
tice and democracy against old world
diplomats, increased in ferocity as
he returned to his native shores with
the great document in his hand,
raged unabated as the President,
In every well regulated packing house there is
a trained ox called Judas, who'leads the other cattle
to slaughter. There are some men who may be
likened to the Judas ox who, in the language of the
street, give their fellow beings the "bum steer" and
lead them to destruction. That is what will happen
if you follow Judas Jimmie, who did more than any
other one man to lead the Democratic party vto
destruction in 1920.
It and never found it difficult to
keep my equilibrium upon it.' On
his return from San Francisco, did
he stand on his party's, platform?
Did he keep his equilibrium on it?
No. He never got on it at all. He
says the State committee ruled him
off. They couldn't roll him on. He
hired a hall in Kansas City, stood
on his own platform; denounced his
party's platform and nominees,
pleading for the great cause, paled then hurried away to Wisconsin to
and trembled and fell; pursued him speak for an independent Republican
nickering Hres or valley Forge, as
he knelt in the snow by his Washing
ton. I saw him with Daniel Boone
on the wild frontier blazing the
paths of civilization.
"I saw him at Gettysburg as, led
by bis Mead or Lee, he died without
a murmur for the cause he loved. I
.... . .. a kjiw lilm 'it AnnnmntMv tniti cmith
now. we win sei up oui one sioiie , "" ."... ouu....,
to mark it, which will bear this su- al1 sl save honor, to build again
iiPfscrJntinn- ,amid the ashes of his hopes, or turn
" 'Erected in honor of Missouri
Democrats who repudiated tire man
that made these tracks.'
HOOVER NOT AN ISSUE
north to discharge the stern tasks
of peace with the same courage he
exemplified in war. I have sees
him since in times of peace, felling
the forests, draining the swamps,
odor of that trail carpeting hills and valley with vel-
about him, this man of boasted cour- j vet and with gold and all by non
age comes to Missouri. But as he j est toil. I saw him without a mur-
looks back on his war record, he
hasn't the nerve to submit it to Mis
souri Democrats for their approval
or disapproval. Instead ot that, he
seeks to divert attention to the re
cord of another man as if he were
a candidate against him. Instead
of defending his own record, he de
nounces the alleged record of Her
bert Hoover. But let Mr. Reed un
derstand. The gentleman whose
record we're interested in is not
named Herbert Hoover, but James
A. Reed. We do not care, just now,
who Hoover Is, or what he Is or was.
If he is a devil, that doesn't make
Jim Reed a saint. Reed can't put
wings on himself by putting horns
aud hoofs on Hoover,
"But by bis discussion of Hoover,
Reed has only added to his own dis
honor, for he has deliberately falsi
fied about. Hoover and attempted to
deceive you, his own constituents.
Ho tolls you that Hoover fixed the
price of wheat. That's not true. A
commission of twelve men, six re
presenting tho farming industry,
fixed it, and Hoover had nothing to
do with it.
"Ho says that Hoover fixed tho
price under the then market prices,
and that as soon as his control end
ed tho prlco advanced,. That's not
true. On the day tho price was fixod
at ?2.20 por bushel, tho market
price ranged from ?2.lC to 2.20 per
bushel. On the day tho foort con
trol period expired, Juno l, 1920,
tho price of cash wheat on tho Chl
cago market was $2,76. On July
15, whon speculation in futures
was resumed, it was $2,84. On July
21, it was ?2.4G. On August 15 it
was f2,bS; on Soptembor 1, ?2.G8;
on September 1G, ?2.66; on Septem
ber 30, ?2.4G; on November 1, J2.16,
an on December 1, f 2.16, and on De
und on December 1, $1.80,
"We find, therefore, that within
six months after food control ended
to the sick-chamber and there with
eager, savage eyes, kept watch with
"At Salisbury, Mo., he referred to
the President as a 'long-eared ani
mal that goes braying about the
country.' When confronted by that
mur send forth his sons to do and
dare and die for the democracy he
"And having so seen and so known
him, I resent the imputation of
James A. Reed that the American
farmer in Missouri wanted ?10 per
bushel for his wheat in time of war,
as a base and Infamous slander.
SEEKS PEACE WITH VETERANS.
"In this belated hour he tries to
make peace with the service men by
a mock concern for their welfare. He
opposed tho measure designed to
insure them bread in wartime, but
he wants to give them a bonus now.
But it will be observed that he wants
his bonus first. While the bonus bill
waits in Washington, ho campaigns
for renominatlon in Missouri. Breck
inridge Long was for bread then and
Is for a bonus now. I would rather
trust him to keep up the fight for a
bonus thun tho man who jeopardized
tho soldiers' bread in time of war.
"Such is Reed'B record on war.
"Tho war ended. The problems
of peace arise. What contribution
to their solution was mado by James
A. Reed? Again tho record an
swers: 'Criticism, obstruction, op
position.' "With tho end of tho war arose a
cry from all tho world for some plan
to preserve peuco. In answer to that
yearning of mankind, the peace con
ference prepared the covenant of
tho Leaguovof Nations. By unani
mous vote thoy ndopted it, and sub
mitted it to tho nations. It was sub
mitted to our country by tho great
man who led in framing it. He
urged tho Senate to accept it,' not as
a perfect plan, but as the best then
obtainable. The majority of his
party and great leaders of the oppos
ing party approved it. Citizens
everywhere Democrats In over
whelming numbers, called upon their
representatives to ratify the treaty.
first denied it. When men of unim
peachable veracity swore that he
made it, he admitted it, and then, he
says (mark his words) immediately
withdrew it. In other words, he
stabbed the President in the back
and immediately drew the dagger
out. Would God that the daggers
thrust in the back of Woodrow Wil
son could be withdrawn! But they
stabbed him; they let his blood; they
weakened him; they broke his nerve.
They broke his heart. They, for the
time, defeated his plan for his coun
try and humankind. And now called
to answer for their crimes, they hold
up their bloody hands and whine
'Forgive, forgive; I pulled the dag
ger out as soon as I stuck it in.'
"During Reed's bitter fight on the
peace treaty, individual Democrats,
organizations of Democrats, the
Democratic State committee, Demo
cratic members of the Missouri Gen
eral Assembly appealed to him to
support it. To each and all his an
swer was that the Democratic party
had never made a platform declara
tion on the treaty and that he was
answerable only to a regularly con
stituted Democratic convention.
"In April, 1920 a regularly con
stituted convention met at Joplin.
Tho delegates were selected with an
eye single to the approval or disap
proval of the league covenant and
of Reed's attitude thereon. The con
vention by an overwhelming vote
declared in favor of the treaty. But
tho combined wisdom of the Dem
ocracy of his State, as declared in a
platform regularly adopted, did not
move him then as it had moved him
in 1910. In defiance of the plat
form, he nsked an election as a dis
trict dolegato to the nntional con
vention that he might there belle
tho platform pf his party. By a vote
of 1,070 to 429, his Impudent request
TRAILED TO SAN FRANCISCO.
"Did ho bow to the will of his par
ty? No. Ho trailed out to San
Francisco. In defiance of tho will
of his State's convention, he asked
tho credentials committeo for a seat
In the national convention. They
denied his request. Still defiant, hi
caused his fight to be carried to the
floor of the convention. By an over
whelming vote he was rejected and
repudiated. Not only so. The con
vention by a platform regularly and
by overwhelming voto adopted, de
clared in favor of the peace treaty,
including the league covenant.
What then? Did Reed accept the
'combined wisdom of my party?'
''In 1910 he said: 'I stand on the
Democratic platform, I never left
candidate for United States 'Senator.
He says he was trying to help the
Democratic nominee. I wonder what
he told the Republican candidate at
"HE BETRAYED THE PARTY."
"He betrayed the party. He
stab Bed Its 'Hraders -in" the" back.3ust
as he said of David R. Francis In
1896, we say to him now. 'We are
opposed to turning control of the
Democratic party to men who
stabbed our leaders and our organi
zation in the back.'
"So runs his record before the
war, during the war, and since the
war. From beginning to end it is
the same story criticism, obstruc
"He asks us to repudiate the Jop
lin, Jefferson City and San Francisco
platforms, regularly adopted by
Democratic conventions, and write
a platform to his liking. He asks
that we repudiate the outstanding
achievements of the Wilson admin
istration; Cox and Franklin and
Roosevelt; that we repudiate our
own votes cast in 1920.
"Are you ready to do it? If you
now, namely: that while he prose
cuted his campaign with vigor, he
was at all times and under all cir
cumstances fair and honorable..
NO NEWBERRYISM BY LONG.
"It was charged that his wife had
money, and it was predicted by
many of my friends and the friends '
7f other candidates that Long would
make lavish use of his wife's money
to secure the nomination. I pre
sume his wife had considerable
money. If so, she is fortunate, and
so is he. I wish mine had. But if
Breckinridge Long used a single dol
lar In the last campaign to corrupt
a single voter, I never heard of It.
While he may have spent considera
ble money, he in no sense attempted
to, Newberryize the State.
"HVrlrovedA popular.lcader. Jo.
the general election, running some
10,000 votes ahead of his ticket; this
notwithstanding the fact that the
man who today has the effrontery
to ask- the party to nominate hint
sought by direction and Indirection,
to encourage his friends to scratch
"Long's record as a public ser
vant is known to all. During the
last Democratic administration ha
was assistant secretary of state. His
duties were manifold; his responsi
bilities great. In a time of. inter
national discord and hate it was his
task to make friends foi his country.'
It has been asserted that his chief
function was to entertain represent
atives of foreign countries. 'That
was one of his duties, and be it said
to his honor, he entertained in such
a way as to send the representatives
do, then set yourselves to the task home with a deeper friendship for
of writing a new platform for the
democracy of Missouri. What will
TRIBUTE TO LONG.
"I never knew Breckinridge Long
until I removed from Callaway
county to St. Louis nine years ago.
America and Americans. While
Breckinridge Long was devoting his
time, talent and means to the enter
tainment of America's friends, his
opponent in this race was prostitut
ing his talents to the delight and
comfort of America's enemies.
"With the taint of that course still
I knew him as a lawyer, a citizen j upon hlm he now attempts with rill
and a Democrat before he became ,cu,e and snrcasm t0 belittle Long's
known throughout Missouri and the BervJces He says forsooth, that
entire country. As a lawyer ho was Long,3 chlef functlon was carryig
sound in judgment, unimpeachable , alligator grlps for foreigU diplomats.
in integrity; rauniui 10 nis cnenis Thftt lloubtle3S !s a mInor rolC( uut
and fair to his adversaries.
"As a Democrat he was active,
consistent and persistent in tho
support of his party's leaders and
policies. He was liberal with his
time, enorgy and money. He did not
make as much noise as some others,
butdiis work was usually olfectlve.
"Mr. Long was born In old Mis-
frankly I would rather carry alll-
, gator grips for tho friends and guests
of my country than by word and act
to lend aid and comfort to my coun
COCKTAILS AND POISON.
"He says Lung mixed cocktails for
effete English dukes. Muybo so, but
sourl. He lived In this State for ho never mixed any poison in tho
over thirty years before announcing ' cup of tho president of his country
as a candidate for any ofilce. Ho jn timo of war.
has been from boyhood a perennial "He says again that Long lived
worker lor the Democratic party, j and entortained nt great exponso In
but not a perennial candidate. Ho niansiou at Washington. That
did not arrlvo in Missouri from a , may be so, but so far as I have loam-
Republican Stato one day and begin
running for ofilce tho next. In my
humble opinion, if ho wero defeated
for a nomination, ho would not sulk
In his tent. It he could not havo
his way on a matter of policy, I bo
lieve he would play tho game like a
loyal Democrat, and not hire a hall
to vent his spleen on his party, and
ed, his entertaining, whether ot
foreign diplomats or American clti
zoiis, was in furtherance of his coun
try's cause iu peace and in war.
"Reed says that for ontortainment
purposes, Loug has in his cellar or
cellars a liberal supply ot Old Lynch
Rye and other familiar brauds. Per
sonally, I do not know, aud so' far as
then hurry off to another State and . this race is concerned, I do not care
make speeches for a Republican can
didate. "Two years ago when I was a can
didate against Long, I watched him
with all the eagerness and solicitude
-with -which one candidate observes
another I said at the close ot that
campaign -what I am gratified to' say
whether that chargo Is true or false.
Whether Breckinridge Long is as wet
as a fish or as dry as a camel, I am
"It he he wet, be is a 'wet' Detnl
crat, and as between a 'wet,'. Demo
crat and a 'wet Republican a-
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