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THE MISSOURI HBRALP, HAYTI, MISSOURI
- -' jv"T7mn nrg. r r
THE HERALD PRINTING CO., Publishers
0. POPHAM, Sole Owner and Business Manager
C. S. YORK, Editor
Published Weekly, on Fridays, at Corner Fourth &' Broadway Sts.
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SECRETARY OF OIL.
Show Mr. Hughes an oil well and he will show you a pol
icy. It does not matter where in the world the oil is, if it is an
oil well, Mr. Hughes has noble principles available which will
apply to it. Mr. Hughes manages to bear up pretty well in the
face of the European misery. He has a supply of good reasons
always on hand why America cannot become entangled in the
problems of the civilized world. He is quite able to contemplate
the losses to American agriculture and business which are
due to the financial crises in Europe. He is .able to confine his
sympathies with the Near Eastern religious minorities to a fe
rocious speech at Boston designed to help Henry Cabot Lodge's
For he is perfectly ready to argue that the fundamental
American foreign policy is to have no foreign policy. But
when there is oil in sight a whole new set of principles arises
at once in Mr, Hughes' mind. He won't discuss world finance
with Europe, because that would be meddling. But he will' dis
cuss oil -with anybody anywhere at any time. For the oil ques
tion the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans do not exist. On oil and
on oil alone Mr. Hughes does not believe in isolation. Where
oil gushes there Mr. Hughes' diplomatists are instructed to
act. Where oil flows there are no Republican prejudices
against foreign complications. In the great international race
for oil, Mr. Hughes is able to forget the irreconciliables. They
can dictate all of the foreign policy of the administration ex
cept its, oil policy.
This passionate devotion to oil leads to some very strange
performances. Oil is, of course, the dominating motif in Mr.
Hughes' Mexican policy. American interests have extensive
oil holdings in Mexico. There is also oil in Mosul, and this oil
is not controlled by American interests; it is controlled by
British interests. It has become the subject of international
obligations which the revolutionary government of Angora de
sires to repudiate. Let no one 'think, however, that Mr.
Hughes' Mexican policy is inconsistent with his Mosul policy.
It is only the principles which are changed to suit the occa
sion. The policy is the same one. The policy is to serve the
American oil interests before all other American interests.
Mr. Hughes' performance at Lausanne, where he sudden
ly re-entered world politics makes clear much that was ob
scure. Those who said that the administration was afraid of
Europe were mistaken. The administration is not in the least
afraid of European complications, for there is nothing more
complicated under heaven than the economic struggle for
Turkey. No, the administration is not afraid of the complipa
tions arising out of the League reparations or the political sta
bilization of Europe,, It is merely uninterested, because there
is no oil involved. If only oil would begin to gush in Geneva,
how quickly Mr. Hughes would go there ! If only there was an
oil field on the Rhine, how prophetically Mr. Hughes would
see the peril of the civilization ! If only helpless Austria were
an oil well, how promptly Mr. Hughes would rush to its assist
ance ! If only the Armenians and Greeks were squatting on
oil lands, how bravely Mr. Hughes would protect them against
the Turk !
Mr. Hughes is nominally Secretary of State, but the great
office that he administers so energetically is that of Secretary
of Oil. Post-Dispatch.
O : : O
CORPORATION TAX REPEAL CHICKENS COMING HOME
When Congress begins to authorize appropriations in the
short session, beginning December 4, the Republican ad
ministration will be reminded of the $500,000,000 of taxes re
pealed a year ago for the benefit of Big Business, including
It was argued in behalf of this reduction of excess profits
taxes and high surtaxes that their continuance would burden
business and industry and retard the country's return to
"normalcy." Elimination of these taxes was proposed almost
guaranteed as the same thing as the stimulation of produc
tion and commerce. Prosperity would-come back and dwell
in the land if only its chief representatives had thoir tax bills
Some of these taxes those on excess profits were re
pealed. The high surtaxes were reduced from 65 to 50 per
cent. The excess profits tax represented for the Government
an income of $450,000,000 a year. The decrease in the sur
taxes represented $61,500,000. What the. Government lost' by
their repeal or reduction was gained by the big corporations
and profiteers that had been paying them.
But the country isn't prosperous and hasn't been since
Mr. Harding's administration took charge of things. The
(Government has overdrawn its account and has been borrowing
money to meet current expenses. There is a deficit of $670,
000,000 and the revenues are diminishing. Tho revenues fell
. off 1,400,000,000 for theilscal year 1922. The talk of a sales
-tax as a source of governmental income has not been stilled.
All this is bad enough, but In the face of these fiscal diffi
culties, and in spite of commercial depression and agricultural
panic, President Harding wants to vote $750,000,000 into the
coffers of the Shipping Trust, and Secretary Mellon is accused
by a Republican Representative Frear of Wiscpnsin of re
fusing to enforce the law requiring big corporations to pay
Federal taxes on their income.
The Republican Congress will confront this state of af
fairs when it undertakes to -provide funds for the operation of
the Government during the fiscal year beginning next July.
CT - : O
WHAT AND HOW?
O : O
What do we need in this town ? How are we going to get
it? Answer these two questions in a satisfactory manner
and you will have performed a wonderful- service for your
community. There are many ways of improving a town and
its adjacent countryside, but they cannot all be employed at
one and the same time. There are many people who have
ideas and suggestions for improvement, but it is also manifest
that they cannot all be adopted with limited facilities at our
command. The obvious thing to do is to get our various Ideas
together and into the limelight, where they can be scrutinized
for objectionable features. Then decide upon the one single
suggested. improvement that would be of greatest benefit to
all of our people. That done, .we will be face to face with the
problem of how to convert that suggested improvement into an
accomplished fact. Again will come into play the various
ideas of people who are in the habit of making a study of local
conditions, and from the "many suggestions offered we will
undoubtedly be able to decide upon the one best suited to the
requirements of the situation. Dig down under the surface of
towns that are always forging ahead and you will invariably
find that they are operating along lines much similar to those
suggested above. It makes no difference from whose brain
the original idea springs. Results are the only things we
want. Shall we get together in order to get results?.
UP TO THE PRESS.
"The newspapers ought to quit publishing so much scan
dal." You can hear such remarks any day in the year, and from
highly intelligent people. But we disagree. They do not stop
to think. Uufortunately we have reached the point in this
country where but little respect is shown for our laws, because
the laws are indifferently enforced or not enforced at all.
Certain people can evade them with ease. Others, less for
tunate, must pay the penalty. Occasionally there is a notable
exception to this rule, but only occasionally. It is for this rea
son we are losing our respect for law and its manner of en
forcement. But it is different with the great newspapers of
the country and also with the smaller ones. - They tell the
truth as they find it. The man of great wealth who foi-gets
his manhood is as pitilessly exposed as the one without a clol-jju-
perhaps more so. The pitiless publicity of the press is
the one safeguard that stands between respectability and a
reign of debauchery that would rival the days of Sodom and
Gomorrah. There are millions of pure and high-minded peo
ple in this country, but there are millions who reek with clan
destine infamy. Some agency must keep this debauched ele
ment in check for the welfare of society in general. The
press, through its publicity, is meeting with a reasonable de
gree of success, where the law is but a dismal failure. Think
before you criticise.
The editorial writer of an exchange makes a plea for the
winding highway as a feature of the system . of improved
roads which are receiving so much attention. Long stretches
become monotonous to most persons, and the only advantage
in miles and miles of straight roads is the speed that may be
maintained by automobile drivers. There is nothing quite so
fascinating to the real traveler as the revelations of scenery
that await him "just around the bend in the road" it holds
his interest as nothing else can do. One might imagine how
the driver of a truck, intent only on the financial aspects of
his trip? might be content with a straight ribbon of concrete,
but not so the traveler for travel's sake. Curves are danger
ous in fast driving of motor vehicles, it will be admitted, and
in consideration of this, it is desirable that curves be eliminated
as much as possible. Persons, however, who are willing to
travel at a moderate rate and enjoy the esthetic values of tho
scenery will prefer at least a few turns in the road just to- re
lieve tho monotony. There is the fear that life is becoming too
highly commercialized there is too much of the spirit of sav
ing time under all circumstances, and too little of the desire to
feel the inspiration that comes from contact with the curving
highways of life.
REMEMBER YOUR OWN INTERESTS.
Another Christmas is near at hand, and already many of
our people are scanning the list of possible gifts. As is our cus
tom each year, fve again ask you to consider the claims of the
home merchant and the advantages to be derived from trading
with him. Consider the plight of Germany in this connection.
That country is prostrate because it no longer has wealth. Its
gold is being sent to other countries to satisfy claims that must
be met. If we follow the course that is being forced upon Ger
many, and' spend our money outside of our own community,
wo will be taking a long step in the direction of local prostra
tion. We are in fairly good condition now, but we will remain
so only so long as we keep our money in circulation at home.
You will find the home merchants' wares advertised in the
home paper, and they will be worth the prices asked. Con
sider your own interests as well as his, by keeping your money
where you may see it again.
It will not bring joy to any person to realize that there
will be another income tax payment before Christmas,
Force of will may help man make headway, but stub
bornness will doubtless be an impediment,
fi!fci&j7h.K; ,;, -Wfrvfed
DANGER IN LIQUOR.
.Whatever one may think of the merits or demerits of
national prohibition, it'is the part of wisdom for every person
to refrain from indulgence in the liquor which the illicit dealer
assures is of the purest and safest .kind true bottled in bend.
Officials of the prohibition bureau of the internal revenue de
partment, basing opinions on analysis of bootleg liquors and on
conditions easy to ascertain, declare that the synthetic liquor
offered for sale is of the most dangerous kind. It is practically .
impossible for dealers in illicit liquor to get pure grain alcohol,
these officials aver, and the bootlegger has resort to poison
ous compounds, sometimes wood alcohol, in order to give the
"kick" that many nations demand in their bevei'ages. Deaths
from drinking these synthetic liquors are not uncommon, cases
of blindness are numerous, and there are many more cases
where those who indulge are slowly ruining the alimentary
tract and making themselves subject for medical treatment.
It hardly seems possible that persons of sound reasoning
would take a chance on drinking the liquor that is dispensed
illegally throughout so many communities,' and that in face "of
the repeated warnings by government officials. It is a case
where safety first should be the rule with each individual..
The government will redeem certain series of Victory
notes on December 15, and on January 1, 1923 the 1918 series
of war savings stamps will become due.
Holders of these war-time securities will be found in all
sections of the nation, and probably hi the larger proportion
in the smaller communities.
It will likely be found that swindlers of all kinds will seek
every opportunity of securing money from persons who receive
it when the government securities are redeemed. Holders of
federal credit will act the part of wisdom if they intrust to
their bankers the duty of getting the money from the govern
ment and keeping it in safety for the owners.
There will be some persons who will spend the money re
ceived, but the larger number will doubtless seek re-investment
of their funds in securities of a safe kind.
Many millions of dollars were lost after the armistice
by persons who disposed of their Liberty bonds and other gov
ernment holdings, and it--would be unfortunate if their ex
perience should be duplicated by any holders of securities
that will be redeemed shortly.
o : : 0
PRACTICAL USES OF RADIO.
What is known as the fad stage of anything new is
believed to be passing in the case of the radiophone, and the
practical phase is likely to receive the attention it deserves.
The large number of persons engaged in improving the me
chanism used in receiving sounds from the air waves gives""
promise that many objections to radio will be removed. Small
er cities and villages-are likely to find more use for the radio
phone than residents of the larger cities, and they are prob
ably more appreciative of the opportunities opened to them.
The broadcasting of prices by agricultural stations and the
distribution of general news will prove of unusual interest to
rural residents who are provided with receivers. Persons
living within fifty miles of a broadcasting station may secure
a receiving set at a cost within reach of almost any home, and
the ingenious boy may make his own set at nominal cost. It
would seem that the radio has come to render entertainment
and4 practical service to all classes of persons.
SHIP SUBSIDY CANDIDATES DEFEATED
Popular disapproval of President Hai'ding's' ship bonus
bill is given by a Republican Representative as an explanation
of the defeat of many of his colleagues in the recent election.
This Republican Representative is J. M. Nelson of Wisconsin.
"The farmer, has made himself very clear on this ques
tion," said Representative Nelson, in the course, of his speech
against the President's pet pi-oject in the House. "Have you
read the election returns? Did you see the men elected who
ran on anti-ship subsidy platforms? I ran on one. It was a
platform denouncing the bill, and I won overwhelmingly.
Those who did favor it went down in defeat.
"Have you noticed the fatalities? Thirty-five per cent of
the vacancies on the Republican side of this Merchant Marine
Committee ! They prepared this bill j I presume they told their
constituents all about their arduous labors for a subsidized
merchant marine. Five out of fourteen defeated !"
! : ooo
The winter season is at hand and our young people will
be planning many social affairs for recreation and pleasure.
Let them go to it. There are too many vital activities ahead in
their adult life to risk stunting thefr interests by undue repres
sion while in their formative stages. Activity breeds energy.
Energy stimulates the intellect. A well developed and bal
anced intellect is' necessary to success in our modern life.
Again we say, let them go to it.
ooo - .
The cost of living has increased in three months on
everything except what the farmer raises. Can you blame him
for having a small grouch?
Taking the word "obey" out of the marriage ritual,
would be in line with repealing some of the laws that are not
Since each individual has his own ideas of what con
stitutes a living wage, there does not seem to be much chance
of agreement on that phase of the industrial problem.
The really free person is the one who. is not afraiil to re- ?,
fuse to do what everybody else is doing, and then he may be i
prompted only by contrariness.
When a man has acquired considerable property he be
gins to wonder why the poor are not better contented.