Newspaper Page Text
The Ominous War Clouds Appar
ently AU Distiipated.
Tfc Prealdent Srada Another Memp
to CoMraM Tranamittinc the Re
ply off ChlU-The Latter to
AU W Coald Ask.
Washing to x, Jan. 29. The president
sent the following special message and
accompanying correspondence to con
To na Sex at ahtj Hocsa or RftraESKsra
ttto: I tnuwmit herewith additional corre-
pondenoB betwra this ftorernment and the
vovenuaeDt of Chili, conitiiiir of a note of Mr.
Xontt, the Chilian minister at this capital, to
Mr. Blaine, dated January a reply of Mr.
Blaine thereto, dated January 27, and a dis
patch from Mr. Egaa. oar minister at Santiago,
transmitting; the response of Mr. Pereira. the
Chilian minister of foreign affairs, to the note
af Mr. Blaine of January Z. which was re-
esrnd by me on the 9Mh instant. The
note of Mr. Montt to Mr. Blaine, thoturh dated
January 23, was not deiiTered at the tkite de
partment until after 15o clork. meridian, of the
29th. and was not translated and its receipt
notified to me until late In the afternoon of that
day. The response of Mr. Pereira to our note
ef the fist withdraws, with acceptable
presaions of regret, the offensive note of Mr.
Mstta of the 11th ultimo, and also the request
for the recall of Mr. Egan. The treatment of
the incident of the assault upon the sailors of
the Baltimore is so conciliatory and friendly
that I am of the opinion there is a good pros
pect that the differences growing out of that
serious affair can now be adjusted upon terms
satisfactory to this government, by the usual
methods and without special powers from con
gress. This turn in the affair is very gratifying
to me, as I am sure it will be to the congrensand
our people. The general support of the efforts
of the executive to enforce the jut right of the
nation m this matter has given an instructive
and useful illustration of the unity and patriot
ism of our people.
Should it be necessary I will again communi
cate with congress upon the subject.
Washington, D. C, Jan. 2h, lrtr.
The finst document was Chili's answer
to the ultimatum of the 21st inst., dated
January 35, and received at the state
department at 9 a. m. January 10. It
is aa follows:
Santiago, Jan. Si. 1M&
To Blaijcu. Washington I have to-day re-
reived the following reply to my note of the 23d
8ia The undersigned has bad the honor to
receive your excellency's comntmik'at ion dated
7SA hist., received in this department the 23d,
and the duly authenticated copies of the instruc
tions which the honorable secretarv of ntate of
- Washington has sent to your excellency by ca
ble under dates of the 21st int. and the 23d of
In the instruction of the 21t in-rt. the hon
orable secretary of state informs vour excel'
lency that his excellency, Mr. Harrison, after
carefully examining all that has ! ti submitted
to him by the government of bin with re
spect to the event which ocrurrd in Valparaiso
on the evening of the loth of Octolier. and tak
ing into consideration the testimony of the offi
cers and crew of the vessel, the Baltimore, and
of others who witnessed the event, has arrived
at the following conclusions:
First That with regard to that assault there
has been no change whatever made in the char
acter given to it by the first report of the event,
to wit: That it was sn attack upon the uniform
of the navy of the United Htatn. whirl had its
origin and motive in a feeling of hostility to
wards that government and not in any account
of the individual sailors belonging to it.
Second That the public authorities of Val
paraiso evidently did not do their duty in pro
tecting those sailors, and that a part of t be po
lice and some nilnn soldiers and sailors ren
dered themselves guilty of unprovoked assault
on the sailors of the United .States bnfore and
after the latter were anvsted. and that he he
Heves that Biggin was killed by the police or the
Third That he Is consequently compels to
carry the question tiers to the state in which it
was placed by the note of the Honorable Mr.
Wharton, da tod October 23d, an! to ak for suit
able satisfaction and some adequate repara
tion for the injury done the government of the
The honorable secret try of state. Mr. Blaine,
regrets that the government of Chili has not,
from the very flrt. appreciated the gravity of
the Question raised, and that it has attributed
to it no other importance than that of an ordi
nary quarrel between sailors, adding that no
government which respects itself can consent
to civil or military persons employed in its ;
service being maltreated or killed in a foreign
territory on account of resentment for acts
which it may have committed, or which may lie
imputed to it, without requiring ade
quate reparation. The Honorable Mr. Blaine,
in this connection, recalls the fact that
the goverment of the United States have volun
tarily recognized this principle, and has ated
accordingly when any injury has been commit
ted by its people against anyone holding an offi
cial position of a foreign country, in conse
quence of acts which had aroused resentment.
In such cases the United Ktates has never
sought words of little weight or ambiguous
meaning in order to make reparation, but
baa condemned such acts in vigorous and
energetic terms, and has never refused to
give other adequate satisfaction. The
honorable secretary of state. Mr. Blaine, states,
moreover, that it is not his intention to discuiw
the details of the incident of October, but only
to set forth the conclusions at which bin govern
ment has arrived. The honorable secretary of
state says: "We have given every kind of op
portunity to the government of Chili to offer
explanatory or extenuating circumstances, and
we have given due consideration to the fact that
the government of Chill, during a great part of
the time which has elapsed since the
I0tb of October, has lieen in a pro-
visional situation. He then adds that he
is directed by his excellency. Mr. Harrison,
to say that he has been compeled to take notice
of the instructions sent by Mr. Mstta. minister
of foreign affairs, to the Chilian minister in
Washington, under date of Decern I er 11. be
cause, although they were not officially com
municated to his government, they received the
greatest possible publicity, and that, conse
quently, he demands the immediate withdrawal
of the said instructions as to thone parts which
be considers offensive, and adequate satisfa
Hon, in order that the diplomatic relations be
tween the two nations may not be interrupted.
Without any intention of opentng a discus
sion as to the facts referred to by the communi
cation, which I have extracted, and confining
himself to the first part of the instructions of
the honorable secretary of state, th- under
signed must state to your excellency the regret
with which the government of Chili sees that
his excellency, the president of the United
States, finds reason to continue to regard the
incident of October aa an attack caused by a
hostile feeling towards the uniform of the navy
of the United States. The unfortunate
occurrence took place on a sudden.
In a district where the sailors of the vessels ly
ing in the bay of Valparaiso are in the habit of
assembling, without distinction of nationali
ty. From the nature of the incident it would
be Impossible to prove that there was no doubt
as to the special cause which served as its
origin or pretext; but the undersigned can as
eert that that cause was not a hos
tile feeling toward the uniform of the
navy of the United States, be
cause the people of Chili have always
esteemed and respected that uniform ever since
the time when it saw it figuring honorably in
the ranks of the soldiers and sailors who, in a
glorious struggle, gave it independence and es
tablished the republic. The undersigned admits
that the occurrence of October 1 was of greater
gravity than those which usually occur in the
same district, between the sailors which fre
quent it, and the fact of knowing
that two deaths have resulted from it
among the sixteen wounded men of
the Baltimore, has sufficed to give It
an extraordinary character, and to induce the
government of Chili to hasten to adopt the
measures necessary to discover and punish the
guilty parties, to offer hi due time, if there
should be ground for so doing, such reparation
as might be due. The preliminary action was
commenced on the morning which followed the
night of the conflict, some days before
yon presented your complaint, but the in
vestigation could not be finished with the
rapidity that the government of Chili desired,
because the rules of procedure in criminal mat
ters which are established by our laws are of
low application, and it was not possible for the
president of the republic to modify or set them
aside. This delay, which wan inevitable, owing
to the independence with which the judicial au
thorities must act, has compeled the govern
ment of the undersigned to delav. greatly to ita
regret, the settlement of the difficulty pending
with your government, and a spontaneous offer
of reparation for any injury done to the sailors
of the Baltimore, and that might be attributed
to Chilian soldiers or sailors, or that might affect
the responsibility of Chili. In view of your
communication, and considering that, up to
date, it has been impossible for the trial in
rtiatsd by the Judge of the criminal court of
Valparaiso to be decided, the undersigned re
gards it aa his duty to declare once more that
the government of Chili laments the occurrence
of October 16, and by way of showing
the sincerity of its feeling, and the eon
fldenoa which it baa in the justice of
Its cause, it declares its wiltmanees not
to await tha decision of the examining tudae.
and proposes to the United States government
that tha case be submitted to tbe consideration
of the supreme court at Washington, to the end
that that high tribunal, wits ita karni&f and
impartiality, may determine, without appeal
whether there is any ground for reparation, and
n what shape It should be made. The under
signed would remind you. referring to the con
duct of the Valparaiso authorities, that it ap
pears from the preliminary examination that
they sent without delay to the scene of the con
flict all the forces at their disposal belonging to
the special guard of the mtendencia and to the
police. Hwanson, Cose. Kicbolls. Darony,
Homes, Cunningham, Williams, Talbot, Hal
lard. Hodge, Butler, etc.. seamen belonging to
the Baltimore, stated to the interpreter of that
vessel that the object of the police in srresting
them was to shelter them from any at
tempt to attack by the excited peo
ple. The undersigned thinks that the
action of the police in this matter
should be considered with due allowance for
the civil war which had recently been brought
to a close. The body was not yet properly or
ganized, nor did it have the force that was re
quired to put down a disorder of such propor
tions in a short time.
In this connection it is proier to recall the
word used by the honorable secretary of titate
at Washington in hi note addressed to the
Marquis Imperial!, and bearing dat- of May 21,
"There is no government, however civilized it
may be, however great mar be the vigilance
displayed by ita police, and however severe its
criminal code may be. and however speedy and
inflexible may be it administration of justice,
that can guaiantee Its own citizens against
violence, growing out of individual malice or a
sudden popular tumult."
This was precisely the situation of the ad
ministrative authorities at Valparaiso on the
occasion of the occurrence which took place in
The undersigned hopes that the foregoing
will convince tha honorable secretary of state
that the government of Chili attached due im
portance to the question now under discussion;
that it does not for a moment hnsitate to con
demn, in rigorous terms, the act committed on
the Kith of October, or to offer such reparation
as is jutt, and that it has not neglected the op
portunity to express these sentiments be
fore now. since on various occasion
and through the plenipotentiaries of both
countries. it has forwarded explicit
declarations on the subject to Wash
ington. The undersigned takes the liberty to
recall that five days after he had taken charge
of the detriment of foreign relations, he ad
dressed to the minister of Chili in the United
States a telegram whica. in the part relating to
this matter, says: "Express to the United
States government what has already been
stated, adding all the data that are
known, in the most correct and amicable
form ; exiiress to the United States government
very sineer regret on account of this
unfortunate incident, which. although, and (not
strange in the ports of the world, this govern
ment doubly laments, owing to its sincere de
sire to cultivate friendship with the United
If the United Ktates government bould not
accept the foregoing explanations as satisfac
tory, notwithstanding that the judicial authori
ties hold the guilty parties responsible for the
disorder of October 16, the undersigned must
recall the circumstances that the govern
ment of Chili, through the medium of
its minister in Washington, has expressed
tbe desir to submit any mihuud-r-
standing tdispute) to decision by arhitratin
by any power or tribunal which may be indi
cated to it; and. m fact, arbitration was sug
gested in conference with the minister of Chili
in Washington on the Stth of December, when
tbe government of the undersigned declared its
good will and its resolve to accept arbitration
after tbe final judgment which would not te
further delayed many days in furtherance of its
purpose to give a speedy solution to the incident
m most friendly terms. The government of the
undersigned called upon its minister fur a definite
reply on the 11th inrtant. and on the i:tth Minister
Montt reported that, nut withstanding certain
observations made by tbe American state de
partment with rtMpeet to the opportuneness 1
resorting to arbitration, h had nevertheless
agreed with the honorable Mr. Blaine that, if
any divergence of views or disaccord should
supervene after trw v-?ratct or the ju or ai
paraiso. such controversy would yield to arbi
tration. Tb? undersigned hatend to declare
that he would fully accept such an agree
ment, for which reason the government
of Chili deems that the case has arisen lor
submitting to arbitration, in t-rnn as ample as
those atiove indicated, any difference of view
which it may have with the government of tha
United Stat.s concerning the incident or tne
Tb'-rp is. therefore, submitted to tb honors
hie secretary of stats of the deirtment "I
foreiim relati'in- in Washington th d Mu;iia,-
tionof either tha suprem- cart of jutrr? of
the United States or a tribunal of arbitration
to determine tbe reparation which Chili may
have to make for that lamentable occurrence.
As for tbe dispatch addressed under date of
tbe 11th fif December to the Chilian minis
ter in Washington by the minuter of foreign
relations of tbe provisional government, tbe
und'TNigned submits that there conld not be,
on the part of the government of Chili, the par-
pose to inflict anv offtuise upon the government
of tbe United States, with which it desires ever
to cultivate tbe most friendly relation. Con
sequently the under-signed, deploring that in
tbe telegram there were employed, through an
error of judgment, the expressions which are
offensive in tbe judgment of your government,
dec lares, in fulfillment of a high duty of courtesy
and sincerity toward a friendly nation, that the
government of Chili absolutely withdraws the
The undersigned trusts that this frank and
explicit declaration, which confirms that which
had already tieen made to the honorable secre
tary of state in Washington, will carry to the
mind of his excellency (Mr. Harrison I and his
government that the people of Chili, far from
entertaining a feeling of bostilitv, has the Hrely
deureto maintain the good and cordial rela
tions which up to the present time exist
between the two countries a declara
tion which is made without reserva
tion in order that it may receive such pub
licity a vour government may deem suitible.
With regard to the suggestion made touching
the change of the personnel of your legation, to
which the instructions of the honorable necre.
tarv of state refer, it is incumlient uikhi ths an
dersigned to declare that the government of
bib will take no positive step without the ac
cord of the United States, with which it desires
to maintain itself in friendly understanding.
Tbe undersigned brings this already long
communication to a close tn the assurance that
he has therein set forth everything that can
fully satisfy your government. The govern
ment of Chili cherishes the conviction that the
relations with the government of the United
States should be sincerely and cordially main
tained under the shelter of that mutual
respect and that good understanding which
are based Uon the just and equitable
appreciation of tbe facts and on tbe ap
preciation to be given to the spontaneous
declarations made on either side. Tbe under
signed moreover declares that in presenting its
explanation his government finds its inspira
tion in the words of tbe instructions which
you have quoted, and which assure the gov
ernment of Chili that the president is not dis
posed to exact or ask anything which your
government would not under tbe same circum
stances sontaneously concede.
With sentiments of distinguished considera
tion. I am your obedient servant.
I Signed Lets Pkbibka.
Garza fn Mexico at the Head of m Large
Sax Antonio, Tex.. Jan. 20. A dis
patch was received here last evening
from iel Ki, Tex., stating that .arza
is now on the Mexican side of the river
near that place and that he in at the
head of an army of from 4,50d to 5,000
well-armed and mounted Mexican revo
lutionists. Hands of from twenty-five
to UK) are joining1 him every day. It is
further statwl in the dispatch that
Garza means fight, and that the most
desperate war Mexico has ever known
will he opened about February 1 by an
attack by the liarzamen on the town of
Las Vegaa, located just across the river
from Del Itio.
Death of Michigan's Only Pensioner.
J ack son, M ich. , Jan. 29. Ed ward
Murphy, the only pensioner Michigan
has ever bad, died in this city. Mur
phy was sentenced to state prison here
for a murder which was committed
on ship-board while he was a sailor,
and which was fastened upon him.
For years be suffered patiently in soli
tary confinement until his mind gave
way. He was then put to work on a
contract for some years. He worked
in this manner until the perpetrator of
the murder confessed. He was re
leased, and as a part reparation has
been receiving $300 per year pension
from the state. '
Parkersbi ho. V. V., Jan. 29. The
old Eagle hotel at SistersvUle, north of
this city, in Tyler county, was bought
by Mr. Wil lough by for $400. All of the
Inside of the building was torn out to
make room for improvements. Whila
workmen were tearing away the plas
tering in one corner near a chimney
they found an old easence-of-coff ee box,
which contained to all appearances
nothing except a few empty tin cans.
Upon opening these cans $1,470 in coin
and bills were found. Nobody knows
or can imagine who could have pUoi4
tbe money in this out-oi-waj pUo
Roastae Htyles Mill Predominant Spring
(Dresses and Trlsnmlaga, Etc
(Special New York Corresponlence.)
A preference for the comfortable and
luxurious Russian styles is still mani
fested, and fur for trimmings, as well
as wraps, is sold by the furlong al
most by the mile. Like rich old lace,
fur is a safe investment: it is always in
fashion, and gifes distinction to any
and every costume, and the facility
with which it can be turned to account
is one of its chief merits.
A beautiful chatelaine gown, just
completed for the wife of a United
States senator, is made of dull Ilvra
brandt red velvet, trimmed with fluffy
gray fur. The bodice is a short Rus
sian jacket of the velvet opening on a
Ion g-p o i n t e d
waist of pale yel
low cloth. Half
sleeves of velvet
edffed with fur
fall on close
sleeves of the
to the elbow. The
skirt is closely
gored i n front,
with very deep
folds its entire
length in the
back a design
popular in many
of the season's
gowns a la Russe.
A chatelaine bag
of the velvet U
, e m b r o i d cred in
the colors used on
the cloth, and has
gold clasps and a deep fringe of gold.
Yellow and white are more fashion
able for the moment than any single
color or combination of colors. For
day wear yellow and black is
the rage abroad, an 1 all shades
of yellow are popnhtr. New gold.
Spanish cream. chamois, beige,
buttercup, orange and lemon one and
all. find favor. Another popular color
is black, and black satin is said to be
the "coming material. Itlack satin
hats, wraps gowns and bonnets, these
are fashionable already in London, but
at the :atiie time, although la mode,
they are extremely trying to most
women. There is a hardness abont
black satin which can be compensated
for only by a prof u -ion of lace, chiffon,
rich jet. an I eorresMm lin alleviators
of this inimieable hardnei.
The slightly draped priiu-ess dress
will ratre this spring, and many of the
the arms. Large
Direetoira r e
vers will also le
revived for the
crsage, and for
na i s t s with
sashes will pre
v a i 1 among
alo the p i c -turcMjue
T re i ze coals
with broad lace
cuffs below the
mats are cut to
a short w aiM. and are slashed below,
and finished with a simple silk cord or
piping. Kopnd necks will ba worn in
preference to low or V shapes, or in
deed, any other form of low cut cor
sage, and wide frills of lace or chiffon
fall over the bust, and nearly cover the
back, from the open edge of the
liodice. Satin rurhes are -ecn on
cloth gowns even those which
are tailor made iieing so dee
orated. It is quite a durable
form of trimming, and is effective al
so, the sheen of the satin being a relief
to the surfaces of duller materials.
Pinked and fringe! rn-hes will be very
popular this spring, taking the place of
the fur ana feather garnitures or inc
winter. These ruches will not lie as
wide as formerly, measuring only
about two inches
in width. They
are used on new
Paris toilets in
rows of two and
three, placed alMnit
two inches apart.
is also in vogue
again, and shows
upon some of the
dresses for the
pale cloth en pes
are lovely linel
with mauve, rose
color, vienx rose,
mahogany, n i 1 e
green, pale brown,
etc. A pinkish
brown cloth cape
is lined with pink
brocade. A gray camel's hair
lilac, and this is trimmed with
The new poke bonnet is so iuaint in
appearance that it will take u a litt e
time to become accustomed to it. Wi h
these (hiring brimmed shapes the hair
must le waved and a portion of it
com lied hack en Pompadour. French
millinery is i n usually smart. iiav
ribbons bright coii irs spangles a nd
Irish diamond ornaments alike tend tc
produce the very reverse of the en
forced somber dressiag of Fnlish
pcoplt . C. O. F.
ONE'S IDLE MOMENTS.
Jack Dasiiixo "She's the most un
interesting pirl I ever met. Ihouph she
is rich. She can t say anything but
yes and 'no. " Priseilla "W hu-h dul
the sav to von?"
Fiiist Actress "Why. haven't von
hearcl, clear? I'm engaged for one of
the principal parts in ' lieauty and the
Iteast. Second Actress IIow nice!
And who plays lieauty?" I'ick-Mc-l'p.
'Tiikrk was a man in front of my
house yesterday with an infernal ma
chine." said liarkcr. "How terrible."
said Miss Mellow. "What did it look
like?" "Like any other hand onran."
IIlCKS "There's one cnod thinir about
fiilby. Von alwavs know where to Snd
him." Wicks ' Ves, it's a (?ood thin;,
as you say You can always find liilby
at the Cuisine hotel, forexample. That's
the reason I never go there." Boston
A bailwav in Jerusalem will be com
pleted some time in April.
The National Sleeping Car Company
has been formed in St. Petersburg for
the introduction of the American style
of cars on the railways of Russia. The
wood frames and plans are imported
from the United States, and competent
engineers will be employed to superin
tend the construction of the cars. Rail
Mexico h.- certainly the most luxu
rious if not the most comfortable rail
ways in the world. The rails of the
Mexican Gulf railway are laid on sleep
ers of mahogany, and the bridges are
ouiit of white marble. On the west
coast of Mexico there is another line
which has slceners of ebon.? and ballast
of silver ore drawn from the old mines
Beside tbe track.
THE FARMING WORLD.
GRADING THE DRAINS.
Simple In.tr.mraU Whlek Do the Work
In onr work at the tile drainage we
found it impractical to depend upon
water to grade by. Oftentimes when
we could work at tbe drains there
would be no water, other times too
much or not enough; consequently we
must adopt some plan that could be
used at any time we could work in the
ditches. Wc have plenty of fall for all
our drains. Tbe professionals would
cut them, no doubt, without water or
any other arrangement to get the
grade. Hut we prefer to have it true
and even. Our first step to secure this
is to divide tbe line of the proposed
drain into sections of 100 feet each. Then
l.y the use of a level that onr tinner
made for us we get the fall per hun
dred feet When we have this we
average the whole line, and if possible
give this average to each 100 feet If
we cannot do this we apply one grade
to the lower end, and another to the
upper end of the drain. We do not
want three or four grades to the same
line of drain unless a change from a
hipherto a lower, from the outlet to
the upper end or vice versa. What we
mean is this: Say there are four
sections "if the ditclu We do not want
a ten-inch fall for the first section;
fifteen for the next, twelve for the
third, and some other for the fourth,
but would rather have 15. 13, 10, etc,
this gives a free flow for all sections.
When we have the grade for the
whole length of the drain, we drive
stakes for each section. We often cut
the first spade before taking the grade.
When this is done we set the stakes as
near the drain a we can to have them
stand firm. Calculations arc made
and the stakes driven so that a line
stretched on their tops will represent
the grade of the ditch when ready for
the tile. These stakes we want to
stand 2:jto3 feet high, as this is the
most convenient height for the work
men lletwecn the l'JD-foot stations
wc set another stake in line, as we find
it hard to get ti e slack out of 100 feet
of line, uo difference how tightly
lira iv n. When we have our stakes and
line reatly, we make a guage to meas
ure from line to the bottom of the
drain. This guarc may be made of any
light lumtier. Wc have used, recently,
slats sawn for fence pickets, one-half
inch by two inches, six feet long for
the upright To this we nail a lighter
piece at right anlcs; ths piece should
lie at least is inches long, and nailed
on so that when the upright is standing
perpendicularly in the bottom of the
drain, the arm will pass under the line.
(Fig. 1 shows the gua?e. It. nithon
tne arm). For a line, the kind used b
masons will be found the best, al
though any strong, light cord will
answer; if too heavy, the wind will
.o'netiines affect it to3 much.
' hen we have these all ready, be
fore we commence work, wc hang a
weight (C, Fig. 1) on the line above
the seeonJ stake. This will keep tile
.-lack ut of the line much better than
it can lie kept cut by drawing it tight
at the end. On reaching this stake
the workman change, the weight to
the other side of the stake. We usu
ally stretch the line for one station at
a time. With the gauge and line, a
skillful workman will have no difficul
ty in securing a perfect grade. In our
soil, which is of uneven formation, we
find it necessary to use this arrange
ment to secure a perfect grade. Some
thing after this style was used in tiling
the Michigan agricultural college farm
lands, where the quicksand was so
Tail that but two pieces of tile could
be laid at a time. With its use we
know the grade remains as we wish it,
and thes not change from day to day
as it may tlo when water is used to
The ltvcl spoken of iFig. -t is a tin
tube about 4 feet long, turned over a
:-s-inch beatl. enlarged at each end. to
make room for the insertion of a
sinall cup to receive a small vial.
We use homeopathic vials with
bottoms cut out, inserted in cup at
riiit angles to the tube antl held
in plac' with plaster of pans.
On 'he center of the tulic is sol-
Fit;, 'i t.KVF.T.
dered a small loop or ring, to slip over
a stake, for a "Jacob staff." When
we have the level on staff we pour wa
ter in one of the vials till it stands in
lHith of them at least one-fourth full,
the water circulating through the
tulie. The water should be colored
with a few drops of ink. to make it
plain in the viuls. The cups in which
these vials set should be as shallow as
pttssible to have vials held firmly in
place. The water lilies in the vials
mark a trne level. With the vial
tipped a little out of perpendicular, it
is easy for tht operator, standing back
a pace from the level, to sight bf them
ftirward to a pole held by an assistant,
the assistant marking the point called
for on the pole with his finger till he
takes the measurement or marks the
figure. The difference between the
height of the water line in level and
the point marked on the pole gives the
grade. These instruments cheap as
they are, we have found practically
safe tti use on stations of 100 feet
where the grade is not less than two
inches per 100 feet. The plan for the
stakes line and level we have gath
ered from different quarters; some of
tov practical applications we believe
are original with us. John M. Jami
son, in Ohio Farmer.
Team of Cnrqual size.
A mistake is often mane, says a
writer, where a farmer has a team of
unequal size, and yet gives each the
same leverage when he hitches them
to a machine. Me has certainly never
t: i 1. ii.Al.m i , t tvm li urnnlil
llUIVU LUC JllWl'rei. v.im. .
readily see what an advantage the
large nurse nas over mc suiau uuc
Suppose the horses to weigh 1,000 and
1.SW0 pounds respectively, and that the
1 k. .nA .imnlv thmwft his Weight
against the collar. The common double
tree is about three feet long, hence
each has a leverage of eighteen inches.
The small horse will need to exert a
strength of 5.400 pounds in onier to
WA.,Mnii;iihrnni. Now if we would
simply move the bole in the double
tree 20.345 mcnes irom me uniii
horse's end, his weight when thrown
th. niini n-onld balance that
of the large horse. Many su:h little
inequalities the farmer could readily
prevent if he would tfnly observe. Ob
servation is half of mechanics.
X'nrwrrHHTAXDiN'O tbe fact that in
Maryland and Delaware the prices of
fruit were forced down oy ine great
it is stated that the fruit.
rowers of both states made good
profits, amounting in the two Itates to
couple million dollars.
No Shot has been elected chief of
the Umatilla Indians in Oregon.
Gov. Bbowk, the new chief executive
of Maryland, is not himself a very rich
man, but his wife has s fortune that is
reckoned at a million.
Whe.i Xebemiah Kittredge, of Bath,
Me., died he left (66.000 and a widow.
The money went to various charitable
societies, the widow having been ig
nored in the will, bnt the societies have
given her &0.000.
Mb. Hudson, the engineer who pro
jected and constructed the St. Clair tun
nel, predicts that in the twentieth cen
tury Boston will be forty miles long,
twenty miles broad and have a popula
tion of 2,000,000.
Gov. Hovet, of Indiana, left an estate
estimated to be worth SS0.OO0. No will
has been found. The heirs to this prop
erty are Mrs. Menzies and her brother,
who is postmaster at Mount Vernon,
HELPS BY THE WAY.
CiT your new bread with a hot knife.
Knurr stains on white cloth will scald
out or freeze out.
Borax and sugar will disperse ants
and other insects.
Dip a knife in cool water to smooth
the icing on a cake.
Remove iron rust by applications of
salt and lemon juice.
Dip spots of mildew into buttermilk
and place in the sunshine.
Use half a raw potato instead of cork
to apply bristol brick to steel knives.
Sl'RiNKl.E dry salt among your furs,
under and on yonr carpets, as a pr
rentiun of moths
Hero It t.
To the man who labors with his hands
ihysical trouble is a very serious thing. It
s not merely the pain he endures, racking
and tormenting as it is. but the prospective
loss ol time, money anu place nuunis nun
and Hggravates his sulTcring. He is bent on
havinir nromnt relief and sure cure. He
wants the best nnd the proof and here it is:
Mr. W. H. Schroeder, Gilbertville, Iowa,
staled April W. 1S84, 1 hat he bad used St.
Jacobs Oil in his suibles for horse t-om-
ulaicta and upon himself for rheumatism.
and had found it the bent remedy he had
ever tried Again. Fen'y 11, lssr. he writes:
"I have used St Jacobs O.l for rheumatism
and sore back, us stated, and it cured; and
for burns and bruises it docs Its work as
recommended to da I always keeo it iu the
house and recommend it to mv neighbors"
Mr. John Garbutt, 6. Minna St. San
Francist-o, CaL, writes: "Some time back I
sprained mv knee und'suffered aeony until
1 tried St Jacobs OiL The result was a
speedy and permanent cure. "Miss Ida M.
Flemine, 7 8. Carey SL, Baltimore, Md,
says: "I had been afflicted for two years
with neuralgia, nnd tried every means to
get rid of the tormenting disease. I had
been given so much quinine that ray nerv
O'is system was seriously injured. I wss
advised to use St. Jacobs Oil, wlit-b I did,
and It relieved me entirety."
Thb cheerful live loneest in years, and
afterwards In our regards. Cheerfulness Is
the off -shoot of goodness. Boree.
Theks is more Catarrh In this section of
the country than till other diseases put to
pettier, and until the last few years was
supposed to be incurable. For a great manv
years doctors pronounced it a local disease,
and prescribed local remedies, nnd by con
stantly failing to cure with local treatment,
pronounced it incurable. Science has
proven catarrh to be a constitutional dis
ease, mid therefore requires constitutional
treatment Hall's Cutarrn Cure, manu
factured by F. J. Cheney & Co . Toledo,
Ohio, is the only constitutional cure on the
market It is taken internally in doses from
10 tlroftsto a tenspoonfuL It acts directly
on the blood and mucous surfaces of the
system. They effer one hundred dollars for
any case il fails to cure. Send for circulars
and testimonials. Address,
F J. Ciiknkt & Co., Toledo, O.
t3f8old by Druggists, 75c.
LoviNo kindness is greater than laws
and the charities of life are morethanall
The Only One Ever Printed fan l'oo Find
There Is a 3 inch display advertisement
In this paper, this wees', which lias no two
words aliue except one word. The same is
true of each new one apttearinc each week,
from Tbe lr. Harter Medicine Co. This
hotise laces a "Crescent" on everything
thev make ana publish. Look lor it. send
them the name of the woni ami they will
return you book, beautiful lithographs or
samples I ret;.
Sketchek, the artist, had a position last
season drawing soda water. Pharmaceut
A Hrmrty Welcome
Toreturnine peace by day and tranquillity
at night ts extended by the rheumatic pa
tient who owes these blessing's to Hoetctter's
Stomach Bitters Don't delay the use or
this fine anodyne for pain and purifier of
the blood an instant beyond the point when
iiieuiseasemaniiestsitfleii. money trouble,
dvsneiisia. liver complaint, la irripiie and ir
regularity of the bowels are relieved and
cured by the Bitters
Clotiiino will make the man if he onlv
sells enough of it ut a good profit. Texas
Perhaps no local disease has puzzled and
baflled the medical profession more than
nasal eatarrn. n line not imineuiatciv latai
it is among the most distressing, nauseous
and disgusting ills the Iteeh is heir to. and
the records show very lew or no cases of
radical are of chronic catarrh by any of
the multitudes ol modes ol treatment until
the introduction of Ely'sCream Balm a few
vears ago. The success of this preparation
has been most gratifying and surprising
Apply Balm Into each nostrjL ltisOuick-
lv Absorbed. Gives Relief at once. 1'riec
0 cents at Druggists.
When a man Is too lazy to walk around a
muil-hole. be should not be commended for
bravery in walking throngh it.
Sudden Changts tip Weather cause
Throat Diseases. There Is no more effect
ual remedy for Coughs. Colds, etc.. than
Brown s Kkonchial Tkotbes. Sttid vnly in
boxot. rnt-e 24 cts.
Mrs. BcO! "What a sour look Dr Pill
has." Little Minnie "I guess he takes his
own medicine, mamma." loukers states
man. Get it of your Grocer. The American
Brewing Co. St- Louis A. B. C. Bohemian
3otiledBeer." Has the true Hop flavor.
Tsit-HER ' W hat is 1 he feminine of man?"
Little Girl "Dude." Brooklyn Life
Nrw York. February t,
CATTLE Nutlve Steers..... J SO 6 15
COTTON MitMling 7"s
FIjOI K W inter waeat azn m ji
W H EAT No. 2 Red 1 III I Wis
roKN-No. - M
OATS Western Mixed. 3S4
POBK-New Mess :i W 75
BEEVES Faney Steers
HOOS Good to Snleet
Fancy to Extra Do.
WHEAT No i lied Winter...
CORN' No. t Mixed
OATS No. z.
BYE No. Z
HA Y Clear Timothy.
BUTTER Choice Dairy.
PliKK-Standanl Mess (New).
BA OX-l'lear Rib
LaKU Prime -Steam
HOGS Good to Choice
SHEEP Fair to Choice
FLOl K-Winter Patents.
WHEAT No. z Spring.
. . 7
4 to 4 : s
4 31 4 Ml
4 HI iM
4 r. 4 45
3 r. i 4 o'.
1 in m 5 Hi
4 .VI oil
10 hi a 1: H
. . si
... 11 75
4 ai 4 m
a an a 6 so
4 40 a 4 7-1
4 41) 4 7$
5 46 4s 8 50
3 It) 9 i m
1 si m 4 35
77 t 77
4 10 4 70
.... at 404
IS SU 17 1 II
.... (m H
.... ft ft
CATTLE Shipping Steers, ...
He K IS-All Grades.
WHEAT No. z Ked
HAY Choice .
WHEAT No. t Bed
COKN-No. 1 Mixed
OATS-No. I Mixed
PORK New Mess
Am Important IHOitwaea,
To make it apparent to thousands, who
think themselves ill, that they are not af
fected with any disease, bnt thiit tne system
simply needs cleansing, is to bring comfort
home to thetr hearts. as a costive condition is
easily cured by using Syrup of Figs. Manu
factured by the California Fig Syrup Co.
The question before the house: "Do yon
want your sidewalk shoveled off f" Yonk
Mr. Jobs C. Ferimaa, Albion, Illinois,
writes on Jau. lfith. Is'Jl: "My wile has
been a great sufferer from headaches for
over 30 years, and your Brsdycrotine is tbe
only remedy mat uas ever relieved ner. 1
can get you all the recommendations yon
want from here. We take great pleasure
in recommending it on all occasions "
fVnEX an Irish baby is in the cradle von
can't compese it with a sham-rock. Boston
Thb complexion becomes clear, the skin
free from eruptive tendencies, the appetite
and digestion improved, aches and pains
oease, the body grows stronger, sound sleep
st night a habit, and the general health
every way better when Dr. John Bull's Sar
saparilla is made use of.
t .- . ... n .- U aat(4 tnlwa
rheumatic difficulty. Lowell Courier.
How CRi'ELto force children to take nasty
worm medicines. Dr. Bull's Worm le
stroyers arc alwats sure and taste like
dainty little candies.
It doesn't follow that because a man is a
master of dead languages be has a killing
style of siieeca. Bttston rost.
Bogxiea. Road Carta. Waron or Harness.
Send for Illnst. Catalogue; loft styles. St.
Louis Harness & VehicleCo., St. Louis, Mo.
It is eminently proper for a man who Is
boring tor ml to sign his letters "your wea
wisher." Washington Star.
Brr.cnAM's Pills have been in popular
use In Kurope for ht) years and are a safe,
sure and gentle remedy. A cents a box.
Who thinketh to buy villainy with good
shall find such faith so bought, so sold.
Don't Neglect a Cough. Take some Hale's
Honey of Horehotind and Tar tftinfrr.
Pike s Toothache Drops Cure in one minute
A X1CE new umbrella is used npwhen it is
need at all Philadelphia Press.
Hard to take
the big, old-fashionetl pill. It's
pretty hard to have to take it, too.
Vou wouldn't, if yoii realized fully
how it shocks and weakens the
Luckily, you don't have to take
it. Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets
are better. They're sensible. They
do, mildly and gently, more than the
ordinary pill, with all its disturb
ance. They regulate the liver,
stomach and bowels, as well as
thoroughly cleanse them. They're
the original Little Liver Pills, purely
vegetable, jierfectly harmless, the
smallest and the easiest to take.
One little Pellet for a gentle laxa
tive three for a cathartic. Sick
Headache, Bilious Headache, Con
stipation, Indigestion, Bilious At
tacks, and all derangements of tbe
Liver, Stomach and Bowels are
promptly and permanently cured.
They're the cheapest, too, for
they're guaranteed to give satisfac
tion, or your money is returned.
You pay only for the 7oW you get.
I had been troubled five months
with Dyspepsia. I had a fullness
after eating, and a heavy load in the
pit of my stomach. Sometimes a
deathly sickness would overtake
me. I was working for Thomas
McHenry, Druggist, Allegheny City,
Pa., in whose employ I bad been for
seven years. I used August Flower
for two weeks. I was relieved of all
trouble. I can now eat things I
dared not touch before. I have
gained twenty pounds since my re
covery. J- D. Cox.AlIegheny, Pa. ffl
The loss of flesh is a trifle.
You think yoa need not
But, if you go on losing
for some time or lose a good
deal in a short time, you are
running down. Is that a
Get back to your healthy
weight and generally you get
back to health.
A book on careful liv
ing will tell you what it is to
get there, and when Scott's
Emulsion of cod-liver oil is
Sorrrft Boww,Ckraun, 13, Sooth Amine,
Vour drufxist keep Scott'. EauilMtm of cod-lnrcr
tl all dnaunMs everywhere So. f 1.
Dr. Bull's Cnnrt Sinm '! VI
cough for 26e
HE HAD THE GRIP.
MR E. SCHLICHTIN'G, living at Na 9
Third Ave., New York Cttv, wrote the following
under date of Dee. 2Sth. mi. Two week ago
I was taken with new-re rains In mv barli. ht-ail
chest and throat, in fact my whole body ached
auu a Hjniumtti 11 moi ne me grip, i used two
bottles of Ir. BuU's Cough Syrup and found re
lief, the third bottle currd mv Tn
dren were taken the aame way and two bot-
.itra tumi in fin. UT. OUil COUgH BVrUp m
worth iu weight in gold.
Swedish Asthma Curt rl tovei tfa rafferlniriaa
moment. Impure rcfrhinc tlp and care
wrier all Other" fall. It will urrr disappoint gnu
Price.ll. of drantiUor by mail. Sample mailed
rw rottws biIoh. DKri.ro., . t. tons, mo.
w Tbm Heetfta EakNMtm
MehlBka makes run with yarn or
ran. m embroider silk er
ephrr. Circular and terms te
ajrenta free. Machine, colored ml
Irra hook aslttea Bavf tsM-fl unnlM
of work, eataJoraea, price lUts, directions, etc., ail by
mall for fl-10 Satisfaction ruaranteed or atone rs
funded. IL ICOM fc CO Telede, kdev
quilt Of 100 no.
dU. of dD aoiendld BLIk nca aaatd. bHsrnter.lor Km
ka.flL temarta'a Silk Mills. UuTa karrj, M,j.
?th'"rat!!L 'SaanM&. SB Pahrta walca
, I. . n . I . khMth.. Ulri hum (iff.
Tb Rutnf Sua km rolttb Is Brilliant. Mo
lesa, Durable, and im comonwr para latHUl
or ila. pacta wllo trvrj aarraaM.
A ROBBER OR THIEF
la better than U tyt so! agent who tells joa
as fospel truth that the
Jones' $60. 5 Ton Wagon Scale
fci sot a Btaodanl stale, ana eqnsr to any mads.
Fur free bout and prioe Uat, addrcas
Jones of Biogliamtoa, Binamton, IT.
a ssn mmm m D. TATTV AMTKMALXXM
Ao T nm A-pimen osu. snd
aHlmv e will mail tnal VUnClliutTTt.il BDrt?
mfttt Tn not. m. .locHE.TtuiTnbl;
rata xaia rana.
Catarrh Remove the Cause.
I was afflicted from infancy with Catarrh, and for ten years with eruptions on my bee,
I wit attended by the Itest physician, and ned s number of Bio id remedies with no per
manent relief. HI LIFE BECAME A BURDEH TO HE. for my case was declared incurable.
I saw S. S. S. advertised, and took eight bjtllrt, which cored me entirely. anU I feel like
a new person. MlaS JosiE Owe, Umtpetier, Ohi.
I was the victim of the worst case of Catarrh that I ever heard of. I was entirely
deaf in one ear, and all the imide of my nose, including part of the bone, sloughed oft
No sort of treatment benefited me, and physicians said "I would never be any better." As
a last resort I took Swift's Specific, snd it entirely cured me snd restored my hearing. I
have lieen well for yeart, with no sign of return of the disease. Mrs. Josephine Pol.HILL,
Due West, S. C. S S. 8. cures Catarrh, like it does other Blood diseases, by elimina
ting the poison which causes it. Treatise oa Blood and Skia mailed free.
SWIFT SPECIFIC COMPANY, Atlanta, Ga.
The man who is of the most use in the
community is always the man who d es
the most work. Taking one thins with
another it is the busy man who makes his
fortune. Long continued efforts with good
health will lead to success. There isnoth
ing so true as this. It follows therefore
that the man who wouU be successful
must look after his health. REID'S GER
MAN COUGH AND KIDNEY CURE
is one of the great means for preserving
the health, for it guards the individual
against any danger from pulmonary trou
bles. Medical authorities say that half the
deaths arise from some form of lung diffi
culties. This being so it follows that if
we w ould avoid lung 'trouble and pulmo.
nary complaint we can preserve our health.
All of these start from a cold and they are
all complicated more or less with kidiiev
trouble. RHID'S GERMAN COUGH
AND KIDNEY CUREv re.onizes this
fact, and while it sooutes the inflamed
tissue of the lungs it also incites the kid
neys to action. It will certainly cure you.
Get it of any dealer.
SYLVAN REMEDY CO, Peoria, III
DO HOT GBIPE HOB RICCElf.
Stire rare for SICK HEAD
ACHati, Imptlwl dictIoB,eonstW
J Tiurornnt, remove muck. dis
3 tiTtras MaaTiral flWt Qai Kid
5 awww billons, Drrrom dis-
- A otiIt. Establish nat-
3 W w ankh, nalAXW actio.
Bffiintifr omplffxioii bjr porlfyt&s
blOOd. I'LEsttT VtonTABI.
The tl" H nin-W .rtuftrJ to tvit ea. u or pill Can
never bct-to much." fcaro ronuini 2. f arrwj tn net
por'tft. like .md pencil. BnwineM man (ml
ConTtnjr; r. Taken caW than tica-, toidtltry
vbrc All fmnin gomla bear "Crrcrnt.
Send S-wrt tamp . Ton crt a paga book wnth aaifia
DR. HARTER MEDICINE CO.. St. Uaia, C.
Musically, it is of immense
importance what one you. buy.
Its life will be many years ;
years that will make or mar
your musical life. Then don't
make a choice that jou will
regret all these years.
Iu the Ivers and Pond you
not only get a first-class piano;
you get all 3-011 pay for.
We send on approval, at
our risk and expense, or di
rect you to a dealer who can
supply 3ou. Write for Cata
logue. Iver? & Porjd
Piai70 Corrjpaoy. Boston.
W. L. DOUGLAS
S3 SHOE CENMEK
m BEST 8 HOE M TKt WORLD FOR THE MONET P
GENTLEMEN and LADIES, ure joardol
lan bv wrariQjr W. L. Donglaa Short. They
tweet the wanti of all claeae. and are tbe moat
economical foot-wear errr offered for the money.
oeware or dealer wno oner older mane., u oa
In ff Joft aa rood, and be care ron hare W. L.
Doofrlaa&hoea, with name and price atamped oa
bottom. W. L. iMnglas, Brockton, Mas.
IV-TAKK NO MB(TITITE.J
Iaiiat oa local admitted dealer upplriaf 70a
Takes hold in this order :
Driving; everything before It thai ou;ht to
You know whether you
need it or not.
Sold by every druf jit, and man j factored by
KOXB1RV, 71 4 S.
ul.ramie! lllTtifraiea iiirarn.uiua;
'CCtrvCI cent a packet.
r rare or com It
hcapL. Iaiof alL
J jm J$ Yrrx by maii. Kntera packets ofratraa j
J k 37 to Customer. th1 at once frr Frre I
ftaaXHOOK. B. H. HharoTray, ICckforxl. lift, 1
Rots Clothes and
GOLD MEDAL, PARIS, 187a
W. BAKER & CCS
tram w hWi tk nnm ol oil
ana been removed,
It mhmotM9ri9 Hf Jm4
It im slnf.
are nerd m tie preparation. It
baa more tknn three limn fa
itmgtk of Coeoa mixed wlta
Starr b. Arrow root or ogar,
and ta therefore far mot co-
Inoinkal, ctif ae (Aim -
kbinc. vtimfftbeaing. aau.T
digested, and admirably adapted for lavailda
aa well aa for peraona In health.
Bold by Craeera eierywaera.
W. B AXER & CO., Dorchester. Katt.
for BOYS A GIRLS.
ASK VOUR DEALER FOR THE
FARGO SPECIAL SHOES.
If be docs ant keep tbess sea1 to sufor th
style and size yaw waat. Illestrate Descrip
tive List furnished a applicntioa, ate. ceanic
pamphlet, C. H. FARGO & CO., Chicago.
ar-iAW mis paraa mi imb na
For lien, Women and Cbildre
Are the bt hmtn wtar. W- make them
oarM-Ue of fle brc leather and ailk
thr-1 ami ARASTFE EACH FAIR
TO I.IVE SATISFACTION.
i NOTHINB EQUAL TO THEM
V For Style, Fit and Service
ana afl KLKI IVA.i rvm Anr.sa,
3-William I flrr KhnP. P.n .
BOIUNQ WATErt OR MILK.
LABELLED 1-2 LB. TINS ONLY.
Don't Buy Of) A I TP
Tntll to I
and PKICB LIST at
OSCOOD & THOMPSON,
INOHAMTOH. M. V., ritKE a pUeallaa.
1 TRACTION AN D PORTABLE
I Threshers and Horse Powers.
lalwrwinniCataloi.. mallet Ft
M. RUMELY CO., LA PORTE, INs
No m.-utrr how long; tannine DR. HAKUfOJI'l
ASTHMA CTJRK Inatam rrW an.H ur- -hlia
r.i,p"u not.muff or a liquid. ! aall uaad and
-uaranrv?l to rrjrt whrn pr-T?ver1nr!y nd. jf
!. niruKP't- or by Mail. Ibuift 4. Aadwrm
BBVT CO. MILLEKTuif, J- V
carBAJta tan ram saw fa act
-tfanUanl tn 8ei l ant Bitonea Mir. New xlt
"tlon. fj f. 18 I t K -r pnr-a aak any Risnlj
Afrit, or write I A NK9 ft CO-. l-3 8 Lata 8r., Cbtrafx
ttltmwalf far Im4j mm4 Crat trmcm rawTaaaara
Va Waat Kama aaaj
Addraaa at timw
I CUE0 TO SUV CUWEP. uffalo7w.t.
!-.- XaUa ru-Uaawf Ow arasa.
FIT FOLKS REDUCED
.15 to 35 lfaau par noatki br harmlaaa barba
wnaaiaa. JojtarTin. no laWonTenirDaa
arftAxx rats rana aas .
' ForaJTflawtna M arttiwak
Tlaa Traalo taallcaV
fwrid for wbilvFale pnee
Itat. Blklotk M'r nOn,
Vnd (or lnvi-ntor Xiuivie or How toitaia a Patrnt.
Vn) for Ii(rt "f PFXttlMX Ml STV L4WM.
PA TRIG! 0 FARREIL. . WA8HIB0T09, B. Q.
tar .taaa ma raria mmr aa yaa .
2 and 3-Ptj Raidv Rooflsc
ST. LULIS. MO.
SI I V aiant HrMt.
.WaateS Ynane I
and UJim immdiawlr Ut Inrn TvWrapSia Ml oar
ban. Tak. poaltinna In thi. ninntha. Addm
OF-.X'L SIF T- im N. Tan Sunt ST. LUUU. MO.
A tlllltl Morphln. Habit Caml In 1
IIHIIII ISI. N var tlllmred.
an ,aa taj paraa hi .
a. aroaairaaaasa, wniimii. a. C Oatiati.av
arrar. Book-keepina;. fb
I1UMC Bjtl'.aortaad,-ti-..throiirhly tanirh.
by mail. Trial Imsmm IN-. try mm A MraMaa, aWCata,. I.
aaraana tats x-aKaawar aMfaawaa.
a monrh. Hwtomak0lt. f20nparkair
and fall Inatractloni for fne pnatal aota.
kaw Notion Ck. Box 73, Kanaaa t'tty, Hu.
alla and aopl
who hmwm waak laaca or Aata
ConapvptkNA. It baa airia
! Hi It aaa aot lar
d one It ta not bad to tafca.
It u taa beat coast. ayrcpL
tnM tarrwm. Ma.
A. IT. K.. B.
mm wamss ts vaaiiaa rum