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HOME HINTS AND HELPS.
Use old matting tinder carpet.
Baked CnsU..M: One and one-half
pints of milk, yolks of ten eggs, one
cnplal of sugar, a little salt and nut
meg. N. Y. Observer.
After the juice has been squeezed
from lemons the peel can be used for
mbting brass. Dip them in common
salt, rub the brass thoroughly, th-n
Drusn with dry bath brick.
Very little, if anv, water should
oe crunx at meal time, but if one
feels the need of some liquid, let him
take a cup of tea or coffee, as heat aids
digestion, while cold retards it.
lo restore gilding to picture
irames, etc., remove all rust with
small brush, and wash the gilding in
warm water, in which an onion has
been boiled; dry quickly with soft rags.
Kiicnen mineral soap or pumice
stone may be used freely on all dishes.
It will remove stains from white-
handled knives, the brown substat.ee
that adheres to earthen or tin baking
dishes, and the soot which collects on
pans and kettles used over a wood or
Toilet waters can easily be made at
home. For violet water put a quarter
of a pound of fresh picked, sweet vio
lets, together with their weight of
pure, alcohol, into a large bottle, cork,
and shake the bottle every day for one
week: then add a quarter of a pound of
water, filter and bottle for use.
Whortleberry Pudding: Take a
pint of milk, five eggs, well leat5n,
twelve heaping tablespoonfuls of flour.
Stir them well together, then add three
ouarts of berries. Flour a cloth, tie the
pudding in it very close, and boil it two
hours tand a half. Serve with hard
brandy sauce. Hoston lindget.
Waterproofing For the Soles of
Shoes: The compound is applied over
the welt and insole, or over the seams,
joints, peg holes, etc. Two and one
half pounds of wax are melted and
three pounds of powdered tale, steatite,
ir soapstone. are mixed therewith;
four pints of rublier paste or caoutchouc
(Kraziiinn gum), are then incorporated
with the mass.
Halted Tomatoes: Select large
specimens, cut around the stem end,
remove part of the inside; make a stuf
fing of any kind of cold, cooked meat
chopped line, bread crumlts. green corn,
minced onion, a well-beaten egg. but
ter, salt and pepper: till the tomatoes
with this dressing, put a piece of but
ter on top of each and bake in a quick
oven for forty-five minutes. United
A wise wife, who wants to do the
most good in the world, will plan to
sit as much as possible when doing her
work. Potatoes don't taste a bit better
when pared standing. Dishes can be
wiped just as dry sitting. The woman
who sits as much as possible in prepar
ing a meal will furnish just as sweet a
meal, and she'll look a great deal sweet
er herself as she sits at table. Farm,
Field and Fireside.
To announce the birth of a baby,
the visiting card of the mother should
le sent to relatives and friends, with
the tiny card of the infant attached by
narrow white ribbon to the upper left
hand corner. In the past the name of
the child was engraved upon the card,
but later from dictates simply "A Lit
tle Son." or "Daughter," with the date
of birth added. This leaves the name
with opportunity of change until
Spiced Cantaloupe: .Make a sirup
with four pounds brown sugar and one
pint vinegar, one-half ounce each green
ginger, whole cloves, mace and stick
cinnamon. Select small nutmeg
melons, cut in sections, pare and re
move the seeds, and allow seven pounds
to the above quantity of sirup. Heat
the sirup, add the melon and steam
for five minutes. Place in a stone jar.
and '.he next day heat the sirup and
pour over the melon; repeat this pro
cess every day for a week, boiling it
down the last time to the consistency
of molasses. Cultivator.
For the Summer Piazza.
If your piazza is a miniature Sahara,
change it to an alluring spot of shade
and coolness by an awning, which you
can make yourself. Sew a sufficient
number of breadths of awning to reach
clear around and fall low enough to
cast a shade all across the floor of the
piazza. Scallop and bind the lower
edges and sew stout curtain rings every
few inches along the top to hang on
hooks placed below the roof of the pi
azza. Cut the corner breadths with a
bias seam where they join, so that the
awning may be extended at an angle
from the piazza. Fit round sticks
three feet long into sockets on the cor
ner posts of the piazza, and into the op
posite end screw a hook, which is to
fasten through a ring on the lower end
of the awning. Chicago Herald.
I am not a scientist, so can't explain
it, but it is a fact that eggs that have
licen cooked, boiled, three minutes or
less, can be reboiled the next morning,
and will not only be fresh, but as soft
aad palatable as though cooked but
once. After an egg has been heated
and cooled you could cook it till dooms
day and it would not get hard. Some
property in it resists the hardening
process after it is once heated, if only
to the soft-boiled point. Some will turn
tip their patrician noses at the idea of
warmed-over eggs, but they will find
them even better than warmed-over
meat. X. Y. Advertiser.
Honor aad Duty.
Yon can not go through life, no mat
ter how humble your sphere, without
being called upon many times to decide
whether you will be true or false to
honor and duty. Duty and honor
must go hand in hand there can be
uo divorce between these words. You
can make your lives useful, beautiful
and noble. Yon can make them worth
less and contemptible. Detroit Free
"How's Chappie to-day, improving
any?" Doctor "Yes." "How about
hi appetite?" "Good. Yesterday he
took gruel and to-day ten, toast, and
hut cane." Inter-Ocean.
The Laving Oat of New Road la a Task
of Great Importance.
Perhaps some may question the pro
priety of treating such a subject under
"practical farming," but it -seems to us
that good roads have very much to do
with practical farming, and one of the
best ways to have good roads is to
study the essentials of having them
good when laying out new ones.
The following is taken from a paper
by Prof. S. Shaler, which appeared
m the Atlantic .Monthly: It seems
worth while for all intelligent people
to have some general notion concern
ing the simpler facts involved in the
science and art of roadmaking. With
such persons the study of these mat
ters may well begin with certain
fundamental conceptions as to the es
sential relations of these construc
tions. All highways are intended to
afford a hard, smooth, and. as nearly
as possible, horizontal surface over
which that great instrument of civili
tion, the wheel, with its burden, can
be made to move with the least possi
ble friction. Every unit of frictian
which is encountered is a measurable
element of cost, either in time, power
or damage to the road and carriage.
For every foot of distance he traverses
the wagoner is incurring a tax. If he
is conveying the weight of a ton to
market the amount of this tax for a
mile may. under favorable conditions,
not exceed five cents. From this mini
mum scale of expenditure, with the
advancing degradation of the way, the
cost may increase until it amounts to
ten or twenty times what it is in the
ideal though seldom realized state of a
highway. At a certain stage in the ac
cumulation of the tax even the more
adventurous, wisely, though without
clear reckoning, regard the way as
economically impassable. This con
ception of a roadway tax and a clear
idea as to the frequent enormity of the
imposition are the fundamental no
tions which we need to fix in the
minds of our people. With these well
affirmed we may hope to interest them
in the questions of betterment.
As in most other matters, the details
connected with the construction and
use of roads are much harder to pre
sent than the general considerations
of the subject. There are. however,
certain simple considerations which
will enable anyone to know the essen
tial differences between sound and un
sound practice in the construction of
highways. The fir.it and most im
portant, though in countries the most
neglected, element of care concerns
what engineers call the profile of the
way: that is. the irregular line de
scribed by its center across .the coun
The ordinary roadmaster is in all
cases tempted to draw his proposed
line as directly as possible between
his principal objective points. If he
makes a digression from a rectilinear
path, it is generally because lie has
encountered an insuperable obstacle.
or because some land-owner has effect
ively objected to having his fields cut
in twain Thus it comes about that the
greater part of our roads are. from
their unnecessary up-hill and down.
sorely taxing to the community which
they are supposed to serve. In many
parts of New England and the other
ergy required to convey the loads of
ordinary wagons up steep slopes is
quite as great as it would be in the
case of a locomotive climbing like
grades, and the power which is applied
through horseflesh costs far more per
unit than that used in a locomotive.
It is therefore clearly important to
take the same kind of care in deter
mining the route to be followed by
highway as is taken in the choice of
line for the newer kind of transporta
USEFULNESS OF GOURDS.
How They Can Be Made to Serve a Nam'
ber of Parpones.
The common dipper gourds, whose
seeds spring up perennially in the
yards and fence corners of hundreds
of farms over the country, may be
made to serve many useful purposes.
The gourd vines which are trained to
run up fences and trees or other up
right objects usually yield gourds
with straight stems; while those which
grow window-vine fashion, on the
ground, have curved or crooked stems.
Either kind may be used to make the
useful and serviceable dipper, without
which no old-fashioned housekeeper
considers her kitchen complete. The
best way to make a dipper is to use a
tolerably sharp saw and saw off care'
fully a third of the ball of the gourd,
as shown by Fig. 1. The seeds are to
be cleaned out and the gourd boiled in
water for an hour or more. A littltj
borax or alum should be added.
No better receptacle in which to put
garden and other seeds away for next
year's use need be desired than goo
dried gourds, with the stems cut off.
and a stopper of soft wood or cork fit
ted in like the stopper of a bottle.
When the end of the stem is neatly
sawed or cut off. the seeds or pith
should be removed with a wire or
sharp stick, and the gourd boiled tc
toughen it. Ilefore fitting the stopper
a strong cord may be wound around
the neck which will prevent any lia-
bility to crack when the stopper is put
iu tight. The neck is dipped in melted
wax to keep the cord in place. A loop
of cord serves to hang up each gourd
on u nail, or they may be placed on
upper shelves, as the seeds are put in
them, after being well dried. The la
bels from seed packets may be pasted
on the gourds to represent the kind of
seeds contained in them, or the names
may be printed with pen and ink.
tiourds made into seed receptacles
are shown in Fig. 2. For saving seeds
the small gourds are the best. Larger
gourds, with the steins cut off and the
seeds removed, make a neat mantel or
table ornament, in which small bou
quets of flowers or wild grasses may
be handsomely arranged. Ornament
the gourd with brush and paint, or pen
and ink, after your own ideas, and
half fill with sand to give weight and
put in any pretty flowers or grasses
vou have and see if the effect is not
tasty as well as inexpensive. Gourd
bouquet holders are shown in Fig. 3.
If desired these holders may be stained
any color with the common dyes. i
Walter H. Garrison, in Farm anc"
CARE OF THE ORCHARD.
A TTPICAI. COrXTRV EOAI).
The farmer who travels over it pays a tas of
great proportions for every mile covered.)
hillj' portions of this country, a wagon
usually has to climb an aggregate
height of a thousand or more feet in
going a distance of ten miles, an
amount of grade which could readily
have been avoided by adding two cr
three miles to the length of the way.
In the rough reckoning of the coun
try engineer, it always seems to be
always advantageous to construct a
road on the most direct alignment
which will be passable to loaded ve
hicles, with all the power which can
conveniently be put upon them. It
is easy, however, to show that usually
the only economy which is thus effect
ed is the cost of the first construction.
A close reckoning will always indi
cate that this initial economy is
bonght at a disproportionate annual
cost in the expense of use and main
tenance. The load which can be
drawn over the direct way is often not
more than half that which could be
taken over the lower route, and pro
portionate wear on the draught ani
mals and the vehicles will often vary
in a similar measure. Moreover, the
expense of maintaining hilly roads,
under the wearing action of rain, frost
and locked wheels, will more than
counterbalance the cost of a longer but
less inclined route.
Many persons, particularly those of
small experience, are of the opinion
that they carry in the mind a wide
stretch of country so effectively that
they may be able to design a route
which will fit the topography in a sat
isfactory manner. This is clearly a
delusion as is shown by the fact that
experience, dares trust himself to!.,. , , .J
stake out a mile of railway without a
careful preliminary survey of the
ground, one whieh will enable him to
take to his office the data by which he
can plat and compare the several pos
sible routes. This care as to the loca
tion of a railway, though invariably
taken, is, in proportion to the magni
tude of the interests involved, of
rather less consequence than that de
manded in the case of a common road.
The increase in the expenditure of en-
After riantlnc Incessant Cultivation
Without a good, sound healthy tree
or vine to start with, the best efforts
of the planter will avail nothing.
Then we have a very severe and
changeable climate to contend with,
which is often very disastrous to the
very best trees. In apple, plant noth
ing but the best root-grafted trees, and
be careful that the roots are not cov
ered with root aphis, which are ofler
the death of newly-planted trees. Aftel
your orchard is planted with good
healthy trees, cultivate, says a Xe
braska fruit grower. It would do nt
harm to plant some hoed crop in the
orchard, such as garden truck, pota
toes buckwheat and possibly corn.
but sweet corn would be best. Then
leave a space of six feet between the
row of trees and the first row of corn:
then keep up a thorough cultivatiou
until trees commence to rear, remem
bering all the time to keep the ground
level between the trees. When trecS
come to the fruiting age, sow the or
chard to red clover, cutting the first
crop and letting the second fall down
and lie on the ground, with an occa
sional top-dressing of stable manure.
It will pay to go through the orchard
occasionally to see that the trees dc
not get to leaning to the northeast.
While trees are young it is an easy jot
to prevent this. This gentleman be
lieves that it would ;e a good plac
when fruit trees arc planted to put a
board on the southwest side and keep
it there until trees are well established
to prevent what is called sun scald.
Pruning Grapes In Summer.
After the bunches of grapes have
formed on the new vine profitable
work can be done by going along,
pinching off the vines just above the
fourth leaf, or one leaf above the last
bunch of grapes. This will turn much
of the sap into the new vine which is
to come out. either at the ground or
near to it, to make wood for next year
this year's vines have been pinched off
a new branch will shoot out at the
base of each leaf. If these are also
pinched off when but a few inches
long, no "more vines will start out
from them and all the sap for this sea
son will go into the fruit and into the
new vine which shot out from the
Whks the horn begins to bud out or
the calf, moisten it and then apply
caustic potash. There will be no horn.
- Very Cheap.
"Where did yon go this Bummer?"
asked one business man of another.
"We boarded In the country."
"Was it expensive?"
"Not very. We got a good deal for
our money. My wife got the rheuma
tism. My boy, Tommy, got his leg
broke, and little Mamie got poisoned
with ivy, and all we paid was ten dol
lars a week apiece. Texas Sittings.
No Objections at AIL
"Have yon any objections to me as
"No," replied the father, "none at
"Do you mean it?"
"Certainly. In view of the fact that
you are not my son-in-law, and are not
going to be, I don't see how I could
have any objections." Forget-Me-Xot.
A Most Natural Inference.
They had just become engaged.
Herbert, she said, "are yon sure
that yon love me
"Absolutely," he answered.
"How can yon tell?"
"By the fact that I am anxious to
marry yon." Washington Star.
A Bpeedy Recovery.
Ilecker What has become of Rog
Decker Didn't yon know he was run
over by a Broadway car?
Hecker I thought he recovered.
Decker He didn't; but his wife did
the full legal damages. Brooklyn
" There's a ring around the moon,"
He whispered in lover's glee;
She sighed and murmured, dreamily:
" How happy the moon must be."
Hicks If a certain business man
doesn't let up sending letters to my
wife, there is going to be a row.
Dix W hy, what can the old repro
bate have to say to her?
Hicks Keeps inviting her to his mil
linery openings. N. l. World.
First Politician I can sav this, that
our party conducted; the campaign in
an honest, fair and straightforward
way. What more can you say of your
Second Politician W e won. Boston
Tommy I think sister Lucy is going
to play Indian.
Mamma hy do you think so.
Tommy Why, because I just saw her
painting her face. Harper's ouiig
Caller I've found that there dorg
that y'r wife is advertisin' five dollars
Gentleman You have, eh?
Caller Yep, an' if yeh don't give me
ten dollars I'll take it to er. N. Y.
Mr. Gruffly It is very disagreeable
to me to tell people unpleasant truths.
Mr. Candid I expect it is unpleasant
for you to tcU truths of any sort.
Not a Friend.
"Who's your friend?" asked Wilburn,
as his companion paused and lifted his
hat to a lady who drove by.
That isnt a friend," said Mosser,
absent-mindedly. "That's my wife."-
New York. Auk. 20.
CATTLE Native Steers I 4 40 a
arrroN Muuiiin? ft
FliOCR Winter Wheat l0
WH EAT No. 2 Red S;M
COKN No. 2 &
OATS No. 2 M
POUK New. Mess 14 75
HKEVES-Sliinpmp steers... 4 30
Medium 4 10
HOGS Fair to Select. 5 IS
SHKK1 h air to Choice 8B
r'LiUU It Patents 2 6
Fancv to Extra do.
WHEAT No. 2 Red Winter..
COKN NaS Mixed ,
OATS Nc. 2
TOBACCO Lug 4 SO
Leaf Hurlev H )
H A Y Clear Timothy ,
bi 1 1 tit I noice Uairy
PORK Standard Mess (new).
BACON Clear Rib.. ,
LAUD Prime Steam ,
CATTLE Shipping S 25
HOGS Fair to Choice S 25
SHEEP Fairto Choice !SI (t
FLOUK Winter Patents. .... !M (i
SDnne Patents. 3 10 ft
WHEAT No. 2 Spring Wit
No. 2 Red. ... ft
CORN No. 2. .
OATS No. .... ft
PORK Mess uiot) 13 37J4
CATTLE Shipping Steers.... S 50 ft
HiKi!5 AUGraues a is nt
WHEAT No. 2 Red ft
OATS No. 2 2BH!4
CORN No 2 61
FLOUR Hich Grade 2 W ft
CORN No. 2 ft
OATS Western S3 at
HAY Choice 14 50
PORK New Mess
WHEAT No.? Red 50 ft
CORN No 2 Mixed 57 ft
OATS No. 2 Mixed (New).... SI
PORK New Mess 14 00
BACON Clear Rib
A SURGEON'S KNIFE
gives yon a feeling of horror and
dread. There is no longer necessity for
its use in many diseases formerly re
garded as incurable without cutting.
The Triumph of CoBssnratin Sargsry
is well Illustrated by the fact that
DIIDTIIPP or Breach, is now mtt
nUr I UI1C cured without the
knife and without pain. Clumsy, chaf
ing trusses can be thrown away I They
never cure but often induce inflam
mation, strangulation and death.
TIIMflRQ Ovarian, Fibroid (Uterine)
UlnUllw andjnany others, are now
without the perils of cut-
other diseases of the lower bowel, are
permanently cured without pain or
resort to io
CTnWC is the Bladder, no matter
31 UI1C how targe, is crushed, pul
verised, wsshed out and perfectly re
moved without cutting.
cutting in hundreds of cases. For
pamphlet, references and all particu
lars, send 10 cents (in stamps) to
World's Dispensary Medical Assad
tioc GC3 Hsin BU Buffalo, U. v.
THERE arc any house
keepers not using ROYAL
BAKING POWDER, its
great qualities warrant them in
making a trial of it
The ROYAL BAKING POWDER
takes the place of soda and cream of
tartar, is more convenient, more eco
nomical, and makes the biscuit, cake,
pudding and dumpling lighter, sweeter,
more delicious and wholesome.
Those who take pride in making the
finest food say that it is quite indispen
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO., IOC WALL ST., NEW-YORK.
UPON CHICAGO RIVER.
How the Wonderful Invention of Capt.
Smart Was Greeted by Capt. Kidd.
Col. Aleck Smart, LT. S. A., while not
a (Treat inventor, has a creative imagi
nation which he has applied to the or
dinary affairs of life,vith remunerative
Col. Smart conceived the idea of in
troducing the phonograph to govern
ment fog-horns, by which ships many
miles out at sea should be made to
listen to official warnings.
Col. Smart recently induced the
United States to place an Edison pho
nograph in one of its largest steam
horns located on the pier outside the
lake front at Chicago, in order to ena
ble vessels to more easily make port
through the smoke which floats out
from the city.
The other day the good lumber-lugger
Star, Capt. Kidd, was feeling its
way towards that port. Capt. Kidd
had previously made the harbor by the
odor, color and density of the Chicago
river water, which sweeps out into the
lake for miles. He had not heard of
Col. Smart's adaptation of the phono
graph. Having entered the great
black cloud which hides the city, Capt.
Kidd was exerting his olfactory organs
to strike the trail when a distant voice
said in tones of thunder. "Keep off the
"Hard starboard the helm!" roared
the captain. They've seeded the Chi
cago river." Judge.
yfr. Brush "Have yon enjoyed the
trt exhibition, 'Miss Giddv?" Miss
Giddy "Well, I should say not. Half
the bonnets the visitors wore were last
season ones." Inter-Ocean.
TTitrehearsed Effect. Aged and Venesv
able Retainer "Here, noble sire, is the lep
acy of your great ancestor; this cheat bas
not been opened for a couple of genera
tions!" Don Diego "Open it." fWbentte
lid is raised a live cat jumps ou to the staged
Old Servant "Drat those mischievoBS
chorus lads I" Humoristische Blatter.
Minnie "She was enpiged to be married!
to a handsome young fellow she met at Baa
Harbor last year; but there was a cruel mm
understanding." May "What was iiP
Minnie "He understood her father bad
A Birches Commodity. Professor
"What kind of a commodity is usually pro
duced from the birch tree?" Country Pupa
(absent mindedly) "Blisters."
Ehl who said that? The answer is as
prompt as thequestion from the dear chappie
who has checkmated the rheumatism with
Hostetter's Stomach Bitters, unequalled as
well for dyspepsia, liver complaint, inactivi
ty of the bowels or kidneys, nervousness,
lack of vitality, aimetite or slecn. Use the
great tonic and you will be ultimately happy
11 UUW illlllCIA.-U.
Joxes "So Smith gave you a cigarf
Brown "Yes, but I was in luck; neither of
us had a match." Life.
Hall's Catarrh Cure
Is taken internally Price 75c.
It Is death to a lie to become lame in the
feet. Ham's Horn.
Keep the pores orien is essential to health.
Glenn's Sulphur Soap does this.
xuu snairanu Ulster uj7e, "U cents.
Sympatiit for the fallen indicates the
strength to stand.
Brings comfort and improvement aixl
tends to personal enjoyment when
ter than others and enjoy life more, with.
less expenditure, by more promptly
adapting the world's best products to
the needs of physical being, will attest
the value to health of the pure liquid,
laxative principles embraced in tbe
remedy, Syrup of Figs.
Its excellence is due tc Ms presenting
in the form most acceptable and pleas
ant to the taste, the refreshing and truly
beneficial properties of a perfect lax
ative ; effectually cleansing the system,,
dispelling colds, headaches and fever
ana permanently coring constipatioB.
It has given satisfaction to millions and .
met with the approval of the medical
profession, because it acts on the Kid
neys, Liver and Bowels without weak
ening them and it is perfectly free frota
every objectionable substance.
Syrup of Figs is for sale by all drag
gists in 50c and $1 bottles, but it is man
ufactured by the California Fig Syrnp
Co. only, whose name is printed on every
packs:", also the name. Syrup of Fin,
. . . .. . . - - . .. .
and being well informed, you will ;
accept any substitute u onoreo.
"ft 1 ,
the Best, Purest
MADE TmlTl7 n innilTTT iTAimtwTTT
THE POT INSULTED THE KETTLE BECAUSE.
THE COOK HAD NOT USED
GOOD COOKING DEMANDS CLEANLINESS.
SAPOLIO SHOULD be used in every KITCHEN.
Y Treated free.
cwrrd many thaw.
tomcedhepelas. Fnun felt 1ok rroi 'cl'T
nrt in ten days ! Iat two-1fcds all tymfMrnm u rjjoed.
OOK of trmmoatalf aiiraciiKMM cure srat rifca.
TEN DATS TRE ATMERT EUMISHEO flit
2. B. IL 6RE3liOJia,pirt.ll.ia Atlaaf. a
VrlllKfi aflPM Imrn l!etflr sad Kallroa
lUvMQ IHkSl Ant'aBulnaber'.aDlMCrt
joo-1 Ituittou. Write J. P.BRuWM.BHalla. Ma
but tllnrS tmttf
Coach B jrop. Tatta Gooo,
I la tlmg. Sold hy dnmglata.
A. N. K., B.
I WBIT1KO TO JLaVaaCatTiSESS niUt'
that r saw W Hialhw) a at