Newspaper Page Text
DEMOGRflT PRINTING CO., PuDIisHers.
CAPE GIRARDEAU, MISSOURI, SATURDAY, IWAY 18, 1895.
Vol. XXNo. 3
THE TIME FIXED
INCOME TAX EXEMPTIONS.
For a Grand Big Celebration.
The Completion of the Water Works
and the New Era of Business Pros
perity for Cape t.lrardeau to be
Celebrated In Becoming
A Slick Agent Who Boomed New
York Ahead ol Paduca Flats.
He was tall and hairy, and he wore
a sombreno. His eyes gleamed like
twin stars, and beneath the flap of the
relative to the exemption from income broad hat his nose glowed softly in
tax of rents, etc.. from Washington, j the shade, says the New York World.
I D. C: ! "Say," he said, as he leaned across
i 1. Only the rents. pro!its and in- j the hotel desk, they's a good
come received bvthe owner of free hold
Instructions on the Subject Secured
by Judge Speck From Washing
Judga Speck. Collector of Internal
' Revenue, is in receipt of the following
COULDN'T STAND THE BOOM.
KILLING FROSTS PREVALENT.
The Democrat's efforts to get up a or income
estate in land can be treated
from real estate exemnt
celebration for the completion of the ! from taxation. Such income in the
water works have not been in vain, hands of the owner of the fee. would
We have interviewed prominent citi- he evemnt . .Mhw r.-i,l
in a part of the products of the land.
All the profits acquired by the owners
zens regarding the matter and they all
agree that something should be done
to show our appreciation of an enter
prise that is to be of incalculable
benefit to our city. We have a system
of water works that cities like St.
Louis and Chicago would feel proud
of. There is not another water works
plant in the country where water is
taken from a muddy river like the
Mississippi and distributed through
the water mains as clear as crystal.
There is not a town or city in the West
that can offer the advantages to
capitalists foreither homes or factories
than Cape Girardeau can offer. There
is not a city in the Union that has
lagged behind like Cape Girardeau.
There is no other city in the country
with a population as great as we have
that is not known all over the country
for some of its good or bad qualities.
Cape Girardeau has never been ad
vertised to the outside world. We have
lived here we have died here and we
hoje those who have gone on have
went to a good place not a better
place for there is no better place.
But we tremble when we think of them
think of their departure. Yes, we
tremble for them and for ourselves,
for we know that when St. Peter asked
them at the big gate where they were
from they were ashamed to tell him
not because they were from the city of
Cape Girardeau, but because they were
from a city they could not point out
on the map a city that never adver
tiseda city whose people live so
happy that they never look ahead.
The future never concerns them. They
were hero and they imagined they
hojied they were here to stay. But
they were not. There is no heaven on
arth. There cannot be, but next to
heaven comes Cajie Girardeau. True,
it is not on the map, but neither is
heaven on the map. All nations talk
of heaven but they know not where to
point to that promised land. Cape
Girardeau people talk about their city.
They sing its praises point out to
ach other its many advantages, but
thev never sav to the stranger
and see us come and be one of us."'
We have now reached an age a
period when to win we must move
push. Standing still is no longer the
way. For business we must reach out.
We must advertise. We must let the
people know where we are. what we
are doing, what we want to do and
what we will do for them. We have
here the best city, south of St.
Louis, on the Mississipi River. We know
this, but other people do not know it.
We have been keeping too quiet. Now
we have water works, anenterprire
we have been longing for for more
than twenty years. We are proud of
our water works plant, proud of the
enterprising men who put their money
into the enterprise and we are delight
ed with the pure water that we are sup
plied with. Then why should we not
join in one grand celebration and in
vite the whole country to come and see
The celebration is a go and it will
take place on Tuesday, May 2th. The
Board of Trade will hold a meeting
Saturday night and at this meeting
committees will be appointed to make
the necessary arrangements for the !
TrMTKMi'tinn f nil till.:! n.u.i .wmm.ttrl F
of leasehold estates, whether from sub
tenants or the use of leasehold in
terests, would be but income from the
use of chattels real or personal
property, and. therefore, subject to
2. Profits acquired by railroad
companies anu otner corporations in
the transportation of freight and pas
sengers cannot, under any circum
stances, or in any part, be treated as
income from real estate. The road
bed, right of way, tracks, bridges,
buildings, franchises and rollingstock
of railroads cannot be treated as real
estate, and the profits arising from
their use by the company owning the
same, or from money paid for rent or
use of the same by other companies,
cannot, under any circumstances, be
exempt from taxation as income from
people in mis ere town, aint tney.-"
The hotel clerR guessed there was.
Don't no one eVerie here? Never
seed so many people in me life afore."
The hotel clerk said people died off
and on. but tbey hid them away when
they were dead.
"Say, Colonel, anyway: New York's
quite a village, ain't it, to keep such
a slick house as this 'ere hoattle.
Amiright or amirong: is there more'n
live hundred houses here, or did I see
double when I took that little pas-car
up the street last night?"
The clerk guessed he saw straight:
then the red-nosed man leaned across
the counter and became confidential.
"Well, begoshdarn." he murmured,
"you must have a slick agent to boom
this here town. Why. man" and here
he shrunk with conscious humility,
'we've had a boom on at Paduca
Flats for most ten months, and here
this dodblasted town grus along and
beats us out hand-running. Begosh.
but it beatsell." And he wandered
out into the night.
Why He Was a "Piscopal.
An Episcopal clergyman, passing
his vacation in Indiana, struck an
old farmer, who declared that he was
a '"Piscopal." "To what parish do
you belong?'' asked the clersrvman.
'Don't know nawthin' 'bout enny
parish." was the answer. "Well.
then, continued the clergyman, "what
diocese do you belong to?" They
ain't nawthin' like that 'round here,"
said the farmer. "Who confirmed
you. then?" was the next question.
"Nobody, answered the farmer.
"Then how are you an Episcopalian:-"
asked the clergyman. "Well." was
the reply, "you see. it's this way.
Last winter I went down to Arkansas
visitin'. and while I was there I went
to church, and it was called 'Piscopal.
and I he'rd them sav 'that thev'd left
undone the things what they'd oughter i
done, and they had done some things
whot they oughten done,' and I says
to myself, says I. "That's my fix.
exac'ly," and ever since I considered
myself a 'Piscopalian." The clergy
man shook the old fellow's hand, and
come ! laughingly said: "Now I understand.
my friend, why the membership of our
church is so large." X. Y. Tribune.
Free-Trade and Free Farms.
Last week we published an article
from the Manchester Guardian, show
ing that efforts were being made in the
direction of establishing free farms in
England, the idea being to employ the
largely increasing number of paupers
in that Free-Trade country to at least
raise food enough from the soil that
would pay for the cost of their 'Own
maintenance. This is the result of the
long experienced Free-Trade in that
country. But here in the United
States we are reaching the same result
much more quickly. It is less than
three years ago that the first threat of
Free-Trade was assured us, yet in the
immediate vicinity of New York the
use of land has been given foe pre
cisely the same purpose to support
pauper labor in this country. When j
the McKinley Tariff was in full force
a few years ago we had no pauper
labor, but the result of Tariff Reform
compels the free use of land, after le
ing plowed free of cost, toenable those
who are free from labor, through our
Free-Trade Tariff, to endeavor to get
food enough out of the soil to keep
themselves from starving.
Vegetation Destroyed Snow and
Blizzards in the Northwest.
Washington, D. C, May 13. The
Weather Bureau furnishes the follow
ing special bulletin to the press:
Frosts and freezing weather. The
unusually warm weather that prevail
ed last week throughout Missouri and
Upper Mississippi Valley, the lower
lake region, middle Atlantic States
and New England, has been followed
by a wave of extremely low tempera
ture throughout those same districts,
the extremes of both low and high
temperature exceeding in many cases
the record of any previous years for
the first half of May.
The warm wave began on Wednes
day, the 8th in the Missouri Valley,
with maximum temperatures ranging
from 'JO to 100 degi-ees and moved
gradually eastward, reaching the mid
dle Atlantic States and New England
on Friday. The cold wave set in in
the Northwest on Friday night, frosts
being reported Saturday morning as
far south-as Chattanooga and Lynch
burg. Killing frosts occured Sunday
morning in Nebraska, Iowa and Mich
igan, and this morning in Michigan,
Ohio and West Virginia. Warnings
of these frosts were sent out by the
Weather Bureau on the day preceding
their occurence to all the districts af
Snows occurred along the lakes in
Michigan and Wisconsin. A storm,
which developed suddenly during the
last twenty-four hours, now central in
the Ohio Valley, will probably cause
a still further fall in the temperature
as it moves eastward, producing
freezing weather in the lower lake re
gion and in northern portions of New
York and New England.
Killing frosts are reported from Wis
consin and Minnesota, and light frosts
in Iowa and Nebraska. Sunday morn
ing frosts were reported from the re
gion west of Ohio and north of the
Indian Territory, all the way to the
crest of the Rocky Mountains being
heavy in the north half of this region.
Since Saturday morning showers have
been numerous throughout the Mis
sissippi Valley, eastward to the Atlantic.
GOLD AND SILVER.
The Two Metals are of Equal Value
In France and that Country is
Editor L. E. Holden, of the Cleve
land "Plain Dealer," who recently
returned from Europe, was interview
ed the other day, particularly with
reference to monetary affairs abroad.
In Mr. Holden 's opinion "France is
by all odds the most prosperous coun
try in Europe." He accounts for
French prosperity by saying that
"the French have refused to destroy
one-half of their money of final re
demption, namely, the coined silver
of the realm, " and that "the volume
of money is about equally divided be
tween gold and silver, both metals
being used substantially without dis
crimination. " The inference is that
France has been far more liberal than
the United States in the use of silver.
The free coiners of this country are
always pointing to France as an ex
ample that we should follow. Now,
what is the truth about the French
monetary system? France has the
gold standard. Fvery 5-franc piece
(corresponding to our dollar) is re
deemed in gold. Seventeen years ago
the coinage of 5-franc pieces was
stopped. Not a 5-franc piece has been
coined in France during this period.
The Bank of France to-day holds
$430,000,000 of gold and $225,000,
000 of silver, while the United States
Treasury has only about $1 in gold
against $4 in silver. The Bank of
France has nearly twice as much gold
as the Bank of England. The entire
volume of money in France consists of
$825,000,0000 of gold and less than
$500,000,000 of silver. The United
States has now in use almost as much
silver as gold. It is apparent, there
fore, that this country has been more j
liberal in its treatment of silver than
France. Cincinnati Times-Star.
THE THIRD TERM TALK.
DESTROYING CHINCH BUGS.
Oklahoma Occupation Tax Knocked
A Strange and Fatal Disease.
Gallatin. Mo.. May !. A strange
disease which baffles the skill of the
local physicians is prevalent in the
northeastern section of this (Daviess)
county. About thirty deaths have re
sulted from its effects within the past
six weeks, and quite a number of cases
are yet uncured. The physicians pro
nounce it black erysipelas, and claim
it is not contagious. The cases, how
ever, have nearly all been similiar,
and. in most instances, have proven
latal. it is most malignant among
women and children. The symptoms
in most cases are an eruption of the
skin similar to that accompanying
erysipelas, with a high fever and swell
of the face, ears and tongue. The
latest report, received this morning,
is to the effect that there are no new
cases, and it is thought that those who
are now suffering will recover.
Guthrie. Okla.. May 12. A case
of general interest all over the country
was decided by Judge Dale late last
evening. Some time ago J. Thomas
and F. M. Cabiness took orders by
sample for a large amount of house
hold goods for a Topeka firm, but
when they attempted to deliver the
goods thej- were arrested by the city
authorities for refusing to pay a
peddlers' occupation tax. The Court
held that the right to sell by sample
j implied the right to deliver the goods
sold, and that the transaction was
strictly interstate commerce, and hence
not subject to regulation and not re
stricted by city ordinance, being
wholly controlled by the laws of Con
gress. The jetitioners were discharged
accordingly. The city will appeal to
the Supreme Court.
New York, May 10. "Ex-President
Harrison is as much a candidate for
the Presidency as Gov McKinley,
Thomas B. Reed or Senator Allison."
said Col. A. L. Conger of Ohio last :
night in the Fifth Avenue Hotel. "No i
one has heard Mr. lU-ed, Gov. Mc- i
Kinley or Senator Allison sav he was !
a candidate, and yet we know their re
spective States will go to the conven
tion in lSyOsolid for them. Indiana will
send a delegation solid for the ex
President. I read ex-Gov. Foster's
interview saying that Gen. Harrison
would prefer not to be a candidate. It
is a big thing to refuse to be a nominee
for the Presidencv, and I notice that
Gov. Foster said Gen. Harrison would
accept it if became a matter of duty.
Well, that puts him among the candi
dates for it is a duty for the nominee
Waiting on the senate.
Jefferson City, Mo., May 10. The
Republicans of the House held a short
caucus at noon. The question of
agreeing to pass a compromiseelection
i bill was discussed vigorously, many
of the members insisting upon refusing
to pass anything bnt the straight Fil
ley bill. Spencer and others wanted
to pass any fair measure. The ques
tion was finally laid over without any
action. The matter of adjournment
men came up, ana tnere also was a
difference of opinion. The combine
gang wanted to force an adjournment
at once, but the conservatives opposed
vigorously that it also was laid over.
It was then decided to continue the
present policy of refusing to take any
action on fellow servant legislation,
and adjournment from day to day un
til the Senate showed its hand.
Prices are Looking I'p.
The price of wheatcontinues to crawl
upward. Sixty-five cents is better than
we have had for some time and the in
dications are that the price will not re
main stationary, but will have an up
ward tendency till the new harvest
comes in. Corn is alsohigher in price
than usual and as corn and wheat are
the two main crops in this section of
country our fanners ought to cheer up
and quit growling about hard times.
They can buy more dry goods now
with a bushel of wheat than they could
buy when wheat was worth one dollar
per bushel. Times are not hard to the
live farmer who farms for whatthare is
in farming. Considering the cost of
what he has to buy he can live easier
now and make better profits on his
farm products than he could when
wheat was worth from one dollar to
one dollar and fifty cents per bushel.
LOSS WILL REACH S1.500.000.
Distribution of Infection Material
Among Illinois Farmers.
How to Head
your doctor's prescription. Send 3
2-cent stamps, to pay postage, and re
ceive Dr. Kaufmann's great treatise
on diseases; illustrated in colors; it
gives their signs and abbrevations.
Address A. P. Ordway & Co., Boston.
Facts About Tempering steel.
A French engineer has given the
subject of tempering steelcareful study,
and in a communication to the Society
for the Encouragement of National
Industry announces that, in all steels
investigated. tempering produced
analagQUs modifications: augmenta
tion of tensile strength, diminution of
the elongation, augmentation of the
resistance to flexure and to a blow.
The amount of these modifications
varies notably with the chemical com
position of the metal and with the
nature of the tempering bath, but in
all cases they are almost completely
produced in a narroy interval of
temperature about 12i2 degrees Fahren
heit. In a general way it may be said
that if the metal is not heated up to
this temperature there is danger of
not tempering it. and that in heating
above 1380 degress Fahrenheit, or at
most 1470 degrees Fehrenheit. there is
no important gain. This result, which
is very important from a practical
standpoint, shows that the elementary
phenonemon of tempering is very sim
ple, and that the difficulties to conquer
come principally from the dimensions
of the pieces to be tempered, which
often render the transformations incomplete.
SPRINGFIELD, III., May 13. The
following is given out by the Depart
ment of Agriculture: The State Ento
mologist writes that very many of his
correspondents are reporting extra
ordinary numliers of chinch bugs in
various parts of the State, asking in
all cases for material with which to
introduce the contagious diseases of
this insect among the chinch bugs now
in the wheat. Observations made bv
him and his assistants late last fall
gave evidence of a widespread, al
though rather scanty, occurrence in
the fields throughout Southern Illinois,
of the white muscardine of the chinch
bug. the principal disease of that
insect, and insects dead with the same
disease are now to be found commonly
(sometimes in very great numbers) in
places where they have passed the
winter. There is consequently a con
siderable probability that with favor
ing weather the bugs may be heavily
attacked by this muscardine disease,
even though nothing is done toward
its artificial introduction.
Although the experimental work of
the Entomologist's office for the last
four years shows that there is scarce
ly any possibility of success with this
Entire Crop of the Chautauqua Grape disease, unless its ueveiopment is
Belt Ruined by Frost. favored by fairly hot weather, Prof.
DUNKIRK, N. N., May 13. Frost Forbes offers to do what may be pos-
ruined the entire grape crop of the sible to supply the general demand
Chautauqua grape belt. The loss is I for infection material. A simpler
at least $1,500,0(10. The Chautauqua method of distribution will be used
grape belt extends from Erie Countv this spring than that of last season.
Either artificial culture of the fungus
or chinch bugs found dead with it in
There Is No Hanger of One Man
Holding the Executive Office
More Than Two Terms.
The reports that Cleveland is seek
ing a third term may very safely be
disregarded. He has been from the
outset in his service, a public-spirited
and courages official unquestionably.
His course, to be sure, has not always
been altogether commendable. That
is, he has, like all other Presidents,
made mistakes, and some of them have
been rather costly and humiliating to
the country, but on the whole his
record has been fairly satisfactory,
making reasonable allowance, of
course, for his attitude on the great
questions on which parties divide, and
on which the conduct of no President
who is faithful to the party which
elected him can be agreeable to the
other side. Yet no considerable body
of the President's fellow-countrymen,
and of this the President himself is
undoubtedly aware, desire his nomi
nation for another term.
Its failure to put a limit to the num
ber of terms which a President may
serve was one of the objections urged
by the Anti-Federalists against the
Constitution. "Here,' said, in sub
stance, the Patrick Henrys, the George
Masons, the John Lansings, the Luther
Martins, the George Clintons, the
Samuel Nasons, and the rest of the
men who fought ratification in the
State Conventions of 1787 and 1788,
"is an instrument which renders the
Executive eligible to re-election two,
three or half a dozen times. What is
to prevent an able and unscrupulous
President from hanging on to office
during his entire lifetime, and, through
the machinery of his station, to dictate
the choice of his successor, putting his
son or some other relative in the
office, making it virtually a hereditary
post. The difference between the head
of this sort of a Government and that
of the Government from which we
separated is a difference in name only.
The Constitution which we are asked
to accept sugar-coats the monarchical
pill and under the designation.pf
President put us again under the rule
of a possible George III."
Thanks to the patriotism and fore
thought of the earlier Executives, the
perils which the Anti-Federalists con
jured up neveractuallypresented them
selves. Washington desired to retire
at the end of his first term, and it was
only at the urgent solicitations of.
Hamilton, Jefferson, Madison, Edmund
Randolph and other leading statesmen
of the day that he accepted a second
election, while no persuasioivcould in
duce him to take a third. Jefferson
also thought that two terms was as
long as any President should hold of
fice, and the precedent thus established
has commended itself to the country in
such a degree that a constitutfonal re
striction is not necessary. The pre
cedent had a controlling influence with
Madison, Monroeand Jackson. Grant.
against his own judgment, jermitted
some of his friends to propose him for
the nomination in 1880, but the failure
in his case killed third-termism for all
time. An honor which the great
prestige and popularity of Gen. Grant
could not command will hardly be
seriously sought by Mr. Cleveland.
through westward to Erie. It occupies
a strip from five to eight miles in
width along the southern shores of
Lake Erie. The number of acres bear
ing grapes last year was 26.000. This
year 35.000 acres would have been
bearing. The vines were loaded down
with blossom buds last evening. To
day from one end of the belt to the
other the vinevards are nothing but
hlnckened ruins and have the annear-! has been printed, giving full direc-
ance of having been visited by fire, j tions as to preparations for this ex
Three thousand, six hundred loaded periment and the-use of the infection
freight cars were shipped from the belt J when received. This circular may be
the field will be distributed directly to
applicants, a plan which will make
unnecessary the sending in of insects
for infection. Distribution of this
material to farmers will begin in
about two weeks, and applications
will be filled in the order of their
resept. A special bulletin of the office
last season. The total number of had by application to Prof. S
baskets reached 10.800,000. To this ! Fobes, Urbana. 111.
number 3.000.000 might safely be added
for increased acreage this year. Gerry
Rvckman. the millionaire grapegrower
and wine manufacturer, says the loss
in the belt bv reason of the destruction
done to the graie will reach at least!
His own loss he estimates ! ,
Twelve Cases at Poplin, a Small
Town on the Line Between
Stoddard and Butler
, Special to the Democrat.
i Dexter, Mo.. May 11. There are
How Vnpleasant (twelve cases of small pox at the saw
it is to see a beautiful child's face dis- j mill town of Poplin, eight miles west
figured with vile humors, bursting
through the skin in pimples, blotches,
and sores, and sadder still, when the
young and innocent are laughed at and
twitted in all such cases. Parents
should give them that good and pure
emedy, Sulpher Bitters, which will
search and drive out of the blood
every particle of humor. Health Gazette.
of Dexter. As the place is on the line
of Stoddard and Butler counties the
Mayor and physician of Poplar Bluff
were here to-day to arrange for a pest
house to be built there by both coun
ties and to be kept up at the expense
of both counties. It is spreading
rapidly and both this town and the
Bluff are quarantined against Poplin.
No deaths so far.
He Owns Too Much Land.
D. Starks Crumb, of Bloomfield, is
in the city. Mr. Crumb owns more
acres of land in Stoddard county than
any other man in the county. He is a
land grabber a land crank. But he
is a good fellow good hearted and
clever. He will go out of his way to
accommodate a poordevil. but he owns
too many acres of land for one man.
If all his acres were divided up into
forty acre tracts and offered for sale
at reasonable figures Stoddard county
would soon double her population.
We do not believe in heading a man
off who is working to make himself
rich but we are opposed to the gobble
ing up of land by one or two men in
counties where there should be pros
perous farmers located. The interests
of the people would be better served
were all the lands in the rich agri
cultural section of Southeast Missouri
divided up into small farms with the
farmer thereon as the owner of the
farm. We have no fault to find with
D. Starks Crumb for gobbling up of
the lands of Stoddard county, but w
must say that his way of speculation
holds his county back.
Held for the Grand Jury.
James Thompson, charged with as
sault with intent to kill, had a pre
liminary hearing before a Justice of
the Peace in Randol township Tuesday
and was bound over is the sum of
three hundred dollars to await the
action of the Grand Jury. Thompson
assaulted Theodore Zeirath with a club