Newspaper Page Text
' i H i i 1 V i : : : i A:
DEMOCRAT PKLHTiKG GO. meters."
CAPE GIRARDEAU, MISSOURI, SATURDAY. MAY 25. 1895.
Vol. XX no. 4
THEIR FIRST QUARREL.
IT IS THE LAW;
Is the Democratic I ncome
- - Tax Law.
. & Declared by a Dortalon of the J"IJ
Bench of the Supreme Conrtof
thaVftited States. -.-- . -
Washington-, D. CL, May 2a The
Supreme Court to-day declared the
entire ineotnetaxlaw unconstitutional.
V Five of the nine Justices were gJnt
- i l . - . . I m : ...
we law tuur w lb- u iuuw - agauie
the law were Chief Justice Fuller and
, Justices Field, Gray, Brewer and
. Shiras; for the law, Justices Harlan,
White, Brown and Jackson. '
The conclusion! of the Court were as
follows:-. . - '
L We adhere to the opinion al-
- ready announced that taxes on real
estate, being indisputably direct taxes,
taxes on the rents or income of real
; estate are equally direct taxes.
'K a. w e are or vne opinion wai taxes
on personal property - or on the in
come of personal property are like
wise direct taxes. ' ' 1
3. That the tax imposed by sections
27 to 37 inclusive, -of the act of 1894,
so far as it falls on the income of real
estate and on personal property, be
ing direct tax within the meaning of
the constitution Is, therefore, uncon
stitutional and void, because It is not
apportioned according to representa
tion, and all those sections constitu
ting one entire scheme of taxation are
necessaryily Invalid. -'.-' ;
' The decrees herein before entered in
this court will be vacated. The decrees
below will be reversed and the cases
remanded with Instructions to grant
V the relief prayed. , . . ,' . ? -
'-.' Sections 27 to 37 of the tariff act of
1894, referred to in the conclusion of
. the court opinion are the sections of
the act relating to the income tax so
that the entire income tax law is de
clared void specifically. . - .
Finding; the elevation of. Cities.
Visitors to Chattanooga will natur
, ally ask among other questions, "How
high is Chattanooga above sea level?"
Can you answer them? . Heretofore
this elevation has, been assumed as
UJU.Ut WJGIf, UUI Ul O DUV1 V UUK. 19 V
be known absolutely.' In past years
the Mississippi River Commission has
lished permanent bench marks along
the Mississippi Valley, and similarly
the United States Coast and- Geodetic
Survey has run lines across the United
States in. many directions. In the
years 181-1882 the latter connected a
line they had run from Biloxi, Miss.,
along the Mobile and Ohio Railroad
with the benchmarks of the Mississippi
River. Commission at Memphis and
absolutely determined the elevation of
- Corinth above sea level at Biloxi. .
": The United States engineers in
charge of Tennessee River improve
ment on April 20 sent out a party to
start from Cornith and run a line of
precise levels along the line of the
Memphis and Charlston Railroad to
r Riverton and Florence, Ala., to place
at intervals permanent bench marks
whose elevations above sea level are
absolutely known. ' This line is to be
extended up the river to Chattanooga.
The reporter asked Capt Bingham,
"0C,t pa nmrfm levels?" He was
tMt thv am lines ' of levels
run with specially designed instra-
ments of precision, the Work of which,
in competent hands, is so perfect that
the probable error of elevation is not
. . I 1 4AA It
more man one-nan inca in xw nuieg.
Precise levels are as much superior to
' nntlnin Anpineer or railroad levels
as surveying with steel tape and transit
is to the former method by chain and
- magnetic compass. 4 It might , be pre
dicted that this method of precise level
ing will not be improved upon in the
next 100 years, since greater accuracy
could scarcely be desired, i v; 1
The instruments used are made in
Switzerland by a world-renowned In
strument maker. ' The delicate spirit
levels are encased in wood to eliminate
effects of beat and cold, and even the
legs of the tripod are covered with can
vas to keepoff the sun. Large, square
umbrellas made for the purpose are
used to protect the instrument and the
observer from sun and wind. The reds
are provided with delicate spirit levels
and are most accurately graduated.
The lines are run baexward and for
ward several times, and every pre
caution is taken to obtain absolutely
exact resalts.Chattanooga Time.
Card of Thaaks.
Tha undersigned desire to express
their sincere thanks to the many friends
for the Mad assistance rendered tboir
motiar during' her long lUnss.
r. w. popiv
'"I 'J ; : EV A. Pot?,
- r- ; .W. F.'Porr,-' ;
- " V I acgtjsta . Bora.; ,
Smetnlmx Patbetle, and it Might
-. V Ban Beem Avoided. - j. ;
Hnsbaod: "I got an interesting
letter from your father to-day."
Wife: O. where U HPl - ' .
; Husband: 'In my 5 pocket some
where let me see isn't it wonderful
what a wad of letters wOl accumulate
in a fallow's pocket in a few days! It
is somewhere among these. Ol" (He
shuffles a letter out of the way and
slips it into his pocket). .
Wife: "What letter was that?" ;
' Husband: ' '.'What letter was what?"
Wife: Yon know well enongh!
The one yon shuffled out of the way and
put into your pocket'T -,
. Husband: "Ah, here is yourfather's
Wife: : -'Give me that other letter."
Husband: "What other, letter? It
was your father's I was looking for."
Wife: "Yes, I know, but I want to
see the one yon ,; slipped into your
pocket" , v "
Husband: ""Which pocket?" .
Wife: "Don't be provoking! The
side pocket of your coat" , '
Husband: "This pocket?" Z
. Wife: "Yes." ' ; ' .'
Husband: "0,you don't want to see
-Wife: "Yes, I do.'. Show it to me!"
1 Husband: "I really can't,my dear.'
Wife: "Why not?" . . '
"I don't want you to see it" -Wife:
"Why not?" "
Husband: "Come, dear, don't
tease! Here is your father's letter."
Wife: "Whom is that letter from?"
, Husband: "From a very respect
able person; I assure you.", '. .; ,
Wife: "A woman?" '
, Husband: "Um-n m ." . 1
Wife: "Now, I must see it"!
Husband: "Please don't insist on
getting it" '.. -;:v;-. --''
Wife: "Why not? Does it contain
anything you would be ashamed to
have me know?" -
Husband: . "No, indeed.'.' - ,
Wife: 'Anything I have no right
to know?" , ? ;
Husband: "Ono!" : V
Wife: '"But it contains - something
you don't want me to know. "...
Husband: "No, it doesn't '' Please
read your father's letter." . :. r-J.,
Wife: "Does the woman who wrote
that letter say anything about me?" '
Husbond: "No yes Idon'tknowl"
Wife: "There is something about
that letter you are ashamed of. "
Husband: - "Um er no or why
dont you read your father's letter?"
Wife: "I'll never forgive you if you
don't show me that letter." -V ,
Husband: "You will never forgive
me if I do." .';,
. Wife: ''John, didn't we promise
when we were married that we wouldn't
have any secrets from each other?"
Husband: "But this is no secret"
Wife: Then why don t you show it
to me? I never thought ' yon would
treat me like this."; (Gets out her
handkerchief. ) ;'- '.
Husband: "My dear, it is so as not
to hurt your feelings that I don't show
It to yon." '- ,? ' : ;
Wife (sobbing): "Yon are very
tender of my feelings, ' I must say!
From another woman! And you wont
show it to me! (Sobs violently.".
Husband: "I tell you It is not from
Wife: "I never thought yon would
stoop to tell me an untruth. . You said
a' moment ago it was from ( another
woman." -' . .' i:3 - ;'
Husband: "Pardon me! I said from
a woman." ' ". :''"- '
Wife: J "Well, how can it be from a
woman and cot from another woman?
Such evasions are unworthy of you!"
(Begins sobbing again. )
Husband (defiantly): "well, If you
must see it you must! Here it is."
(Throws it on the table near her.)
Wife (still sobbing): "I wont look
at it now! You might have shown it
at first! ( Sobs for a few moments and
then steals a look at the letter. Then
ha takes it in her hand. ) Why It has
not bees opened. Well, if I ever!
The letter I gave yon to port last
Tuesday. Ol OI" (Springs to her
feet and faces him. He still looks de
fiant) .Tableau. New York Truth. .
- " Joseph Choate Tee.
Washtnqton, D. C May 21.
Joseph Choate's fee la the Income tax
cases will go on record as one of the
largest ever paid in this country.
According to common report among
those connected with the litigation Mr.
Choate received a retainer of J100,
000 to argue the unconstitutionality of
the law. The wealthy men of New
York agreed to pay Mr. Choata this
turn regardless of the result, and to
double it if ho succeeded in defeating
the law Mr. Choata therefore will
receive 1233,000 for his two arguments
before tia Supreme Court : . ' X
No More Sunday Shav-
That la if tbe Law la Obeyed Get
Toar Fkm Scraped on Satmrday
- nlKbt that tb Barbers May r.
- Keep Oat of TroaUe. '
The Legislature enacted the follow'
ing law for the rtfulation of barber
shops in this State and the. law is now
in effect:' v. ' r ;
' Section 1. It shall be a misdemeanor
for any person to carry on the bust
ness of bartering on Sunday. ;
Sec, 2. ' Any one found guilty of
violating the first: Section' of this act
shall be fined not less than twenty-five
dollars nor more than fifty dollars, or
imprisoned in the county jail not less
than fifteen so? more than thirty days,
or both, in the discretion of tbe court
This law was passed by. our Legist
lature January, 1895 and approved by
Governor Stone on the 18th day of
March, 1895. - ' ,' "
It Jeans Ban a Newspaper.
Rev. George L. Perin, D. D.t past
tor of tbe Every Day Church of Bos
ton, preached a most remarkable
sermon from the pulpit last Sunday
morning, in which he told what sort
of a newspaper Jesus would run if he
were on earth and in the newspaper
business. . Dr. Perin is not wholly
disgusted with tbe newspapers of the
present day, but he' thinks they might
be improved upon by a man like Jesus.
He did not Bay whether he thought
that any other person could Improve
them materially. . :: ;
He thought that Jesus would make
the model editor, but admitted," by
steering clear of the subject, that it
would be a good plan to keep him out;
side of the business office. ;
Jesus' paper, he said, would be
fearless and independent He would
run a Sunday paper, but it would not
be filled with sporting and fashions.
It would contain some good Sunday
reading for persons who could not
get out to church to hear what the
minister had to say. If Jesus were an
editor, according to Dr. -Perin, he
would not send one of the 'apostle-reporters
out to interview a ., woman
whose husband had just committed
suicide. He would not pry into private
. j. Beef and Beelprocity. "
The recent worry and fret over the
beef situation could have been settled
in the twinkling of an eye if the Re
ciprocity feature of the McKinley law
had been incorporated in our present
nondescript Tariff act , V
It was the design of the friends Of
Reciprocity to apply this principle so
as to admit free, with compensating
benefits from other countries, such ar
ticles or things as were -not produced
by -ourselves in suffioent quantities for
&e domestic consumption.
. Under the McKinley Reciprocity
clause in the act of 1890 the President
could at any time remove the duty
upon any article, and at the same time,
by treaty, enlarge our exportation of
such commodity as the country with
whom the reciprocal relation was es
tablished should want' :
In case of the possible inability of
our own cattle raisers to supply the
domestic demand the exercise of such
powers by the Executive, did they ex
ist would be most effective. Sup
plies could be drawn from Argentina,
Mexico and Canada, and for the privi
lege extended to these countries privi
leges would have been obtained in
return. -'-. v '. 1 .
... "aUssomrl on Wnaeto."
- S ED aha, Mo., May. 2L -The Seda
lia Board of Trade has arranged to
hold a Convention in Sedalia ' on
Wednesday, June 12, in the interest
of "Missouri on wheels," when steps
wiU.be taken toward filling a certain
number of care with the products of
the soil, and exhibiting the same
throughout the' country, with a view
of bringing immigrants to Missouri.
In the opinion of the board, the ex
penses of fitting up the train and pro
vidlng for the tour will not exceed
$5000 per car outside of the advertising
and railroad expenses, if there be any.
The exhibits are to be furnished free
by each locality, and the advertising
matter will also be furnished in the
same way. Messrs Z. F. Bally, Van
BWisker and A. C. Baldwin hav
been appointed a committee to visit
the different cities in the State lath
interest of &a movement, and every
county la the Stats is expected to send
a delegate to the Convention tare on
JunelS. ; : " - - -' '.'-v "!.
6aw Wade Hamptlaa's Story of Two
Statesmen at Waist.
"One of my boyhood recollections,
said Gen. Wade Hampton, ; '.'refer to
Henry Clay. He was a, frequent visi
tor at my father's house in South
Carolina.' .Both Clay, and my father
were ardent whist players, and nothing
was more, to their, minds than the
collection of a brace of gentlemen
equally addicted to , whist, and then
the quartet would play for hours.
While the name of whist may serve to
imply a game where silence reigned,
my father and Clay didnt play whist
that way. They exulted audibly over
a success, and did not hesitate . when
they, were playing partners to violently
point out mistakes the other had made,
and attributed defeat to the other's
ignorance and utter lack of natural
intelligence. Indeed, on occasions
particularly trying they : were even
known to apply hard names to one
another. This they did in' no sland
erous spirit but to brighten up and
sharpen the wits of" the other to the
improvement ' of his play. : As they
were sitting down to a game as part
ners one evening Clay remarked: .
'It's a great outrage the way we
talk to each other, and my idea now,
at the outset' is for each of us to put
up 920 to belong' to the "one who is
first called hard names by the other.
If you assail me the money is mine;
if I forget myself, you take it, ' v
VMy father readily agreed. He felt
in a mild, agreeable mood. . He was
confident he would never again be a
prey to'the slightest impulse to - speak
harshly to his dearfriend Clay. " And,
besides, it was his recollection that
Clay was the man who raged and did
the loud talking. . So my father cheer
fully placed the $20 on top of Clay's.
He thought it would be a good lesson
to the Blue Grass orator to ' lose it
As they proceeded with the game Clay
made some excessively thick-headed
and . ill-advised' plays. He led the
wrong cards; -he trumped the wrong
tricks: he did everything idiotic in
whist that he well could.' .My father's
blood began to boiL As he and Clay
lost game after game his wrath ran
higher. Still he bit his lips . and suf
fered in silence. It vent on for hours,
until Clay made some play of crown
ing imbecility which lost and my
father the eleventh game. Flesh and
blood could stand it no more.; My
father sternly pushed the $40 over to
Clay.- -i . : ' . i '.
. " 'Why,, said Clay, opening his
gray eyes with a look of innocence and
amazement, - "why . do you do that?
You haven't said a word.' ...
" 'No. retorted my father, 'but I'm
going to tell von, sir, that you are the
most abject idiot the most boundless
imbecile that ever dealt a hand at
whist Yes, sir; I repeat it you are
the fool I ever met in my life. ' "
Chicago Times-Heral d.
; . ( Father, Dear Father.
A sweet maiden to her father who is
at Jefferson City in attendance on the
extra session of the legislature: .
"Father,; dear father, come home
with me now, for ma has some carpets
to beat; she's got all the furniture out
in the yard, from the front door down
to the street The stove mnstcome down,
and be put in the shed, and the yard
must be cleared of dead grass, for it's
time to clean house and the deuce is to
pay and tbe front window needs some
glass. Father, dear father, come home
with me now, and bring some bologna
and cheese; it's most 12 o'clock and
there's nothing to eat I'm to hungry
I'm weak at the knees. The dinner
will be naught but cold scraps and
that, and we'll have to eat standing,
too, for the table and chairs are all
out in the yard, oh! I wish spring
cleaning was through. Father, dear
father, - come home .with me now, for
ma is as mad as a Turk; she says
that you're fooling your time away
there and proposes.tojput you to work.
There is painting to do and paper to
hang, and windows' and casings to
scrub, for its house cleaning time and
and you'va got to come home and
revel in suds and cold grub. Jeffer
son City Tribune.
" . ' . - ;'' '. Sis Sanies. : ' .
A pair of twins was bora in the
Back Bay district A bright boy set
about to try to name them. He said,
"will they be called Peter and Re
peater?".. But no. ' His mother would
not listen to the name Peter. Then he
g&id, "Let .them be called Max and
Climax." , . ' :; ;;-. "'
".No,", aba said. "They - are both
little girls, so we cannot name one of
: Then he . said after much thought
Let them be called Eate and Dupli
cate." After that his head was band
aged, and be was aeat out to play.
Union Signal. -. ' ; : .:
. -. i. Tl m 1 m. -
Good Work Being Dene.
Ttte Ilsrent Committee "Working
Bard to Make tn Water Woraa
. - Celebration th Grandest
Affair la t& mtory
'"' of the City.
That the big celebration for the
completion of water works next Tuea
day will be a big success ia now' as
sured. . The committee of . arrange
ments have been at work all this week
and we are assured by members of
that committee that everything is be
ing done that can be done to make the
celebration a big thing and a grand
success..-;.- .' ' . .. ...
. Special trains have been ordered on
the two railroads coming to ibis city
and they propose to carry passengers
at about one-third fare for the round
trip.'. An excursion " boat will come
here from Cairo, Illinois. The steam
ers Idle wild and Mary . Morton will
bringexcursionisU here from St Louis,
Ste. Genevieve, - Chester and St
Mary's. The Mayors and city officials
from all neighboring cities and towns
have been invited : by the Mayor and
Council of our city to come and par
ticipate in the celebration. Invita
tion have also been extended to all
the newspaper men of Southeast Mis
sourf and Southern Illinois', and we
can assure our people that there will
be representative men here from far
and near.- . .; ;-V '? , ; ; v '" .'- I, y .. "
We should make arrangements to
entertain in royal style, all who come
to see us. Let us show them our city
show them our .big stores, show them
our schools, show them our churches,
show them our big Daily Democrat
office,: show them our . banks, - show
them our water works, . show them our
electric light plant" show them our
mills, show them our fine court house,
show them our factories, and last, but
not least, show them that we area
live,' progressive, sociable and enter
taining people. ;. .' - ' ' . :
We have the prettiest city on the
west" bank of the Mississippi River.
We pride ourselves on ot.r schools,
our churches; and our handsome
women and when we have a big gath
ering of strangers visiting us we should
all be hustleis. We have something
to show. ' We have a big show and on
this occasion let us throw the doors
open to the- world and let every citi
zen consider himself an usher not a
looker on but a worker. . :.
Collections Under the Former Xaw.
Washington,; D. C. May 21. The
officials of the ' International Revenue
Office, have been looking to the subject
of the return of the mbney collected
under the operations of the income
tax law before it was repealed in 182.
That act remained on the statute
books for nearly twelve years, from
1863 to 1874, although it was repealed
in 1872. During tbe twelve years the
total collections under the law ag
gregated $346,980,000. The exemption
was $600 per annum. The greatest
amount collected in any one year was
in 1866, when the collector of internal
revenue returned $73,000,000. It is ad
mitted ! that the prospects are bright
for a series of litigations which may
become as celebrated as the French
spoliation claims. . y : , ;
While those who paid the tax under
law of 1862 will have no standing in
court If they attempt to recover the
moneys illegally collected from them,
they clearly have an equitable right
to a return of the money, and it is
expected that a move will be made on
Congress as soon as it meets looking
to the necessary legislation to author
ize the Treasury to repay the amounts
collected. It is not likely, however,
that this move will be successful for
many years to come, if it ever is. But
the $75,000 or $30,000 paid in under
the income tax ' clause of. the Wilson
bill will be repaid as soon as the
necessary preliminaries are completed,
as the Treasury officials have decided
that no congressional authority is
necessary to enable them to do this. .
Hod -Carriers Sarrander. .
At a meeting of the ' Master . Brick
layers' Association held last night, at
the Builders' Exchange . Hall, com
munications were received from Hod
carriers' Unions Noa. Zand 3, officially
declaring the strike off. . Nothing was
heard from Union No. 1, which is com
posed of the Irish element, but it is
said that it can not hold out much
longer. Bricklayers aay that the
principal reaaoa for the latter union
not returning to work is the objection
of the members to associatisg with
negro hod -carrier. On motion, the
two letters were received, And Messrs .
J. H. Danes, Fred Ahrens and Jos.
Selly were appointed to draw up a re
ply, . whk& fcey did. Globe-Demo
JofcU VoZ Now I?3, . A. It. Prepar
ing to Decorate 'tbe erT or
Their Iead Comrades .
The committee of arrang-emeEts of
Jusii Post No. 173, G. A. R., fcre
agread on the follow icif program tor
Decoration Day on Thursday, May
30th, l.!i. .. - :
TTse G. A- Ii. Post will assemble at .
the court bouse at 1 o'clock p. m.
The procession will form and start
for the cemetery a' o'clock ia the
following order: ; . . J .
Band. . '' . .
Justi Post No. 173. f.':
Capt L. F. Bierwirtiv Post No. 402.
Schools. . " "
Citizens on foot '
Speakers is carriages. h ','
OScers of the City Government in
carriages. ' . ' . . .. -
AT TEE CEMETERY. ....
1. Decoration of graves.
, 2. Memorial Bervi, taps to the
memory ct the as&a and firing a eaiute.
3. Song America. ".
.. 4.; Address by Mrs. Minerva Elliot
Past President of Whittier W. lw C,
of Chicago, 111. . '
5. (Address by Jadge Alexander
- Comrades Galusha and Walter as
sisted by the ladies, will receive flow
ers, bouquets and wreaths at the court
house between 9 o'clock a. m. and 12 to. -All
flowers intended for Lorimir and
yew City Cemetery should be at the
court house by 9 o'eliX'k a. m. . "
LITTLE CNES ENTERTAINMENT.
Cloelng Exercise of the Junior De-
jjitriment of the Public School.
As pleasing and entertaining a si?ht
as one could well desire to witness
was presented at the hall of the pub
lic school last evening. ... No tronblo
or pains were Spared to ' make it a
memorable one. The audience being
as. .t.it. laf.w 4Yu.k n.u nnf ctu ''.H I n -7
room and a great many had to return
to their homes, although a- plqasani
time transpired. The program pre
sented was select, appropriate and en-
of the little onea to the very best ad-,
vantage. .. It would be folly to attempt
in any manner to give justices to tbe
proceedings of the entertainment, but
refrain from 'saying a word ia Jts
favor we cannot
The -opening chorus by the entire
, 4,The Raggedy . Man, " a recitation
with master ability, showing forth a
cuitivauon most aamiraoie. :
A Doll Song by sixteen little girls
was very sweet ' -
The Drama of four sots was very ;
nicely carried out each performer ac-
The solo by charming little Bessie
McCrea was very beautifully uang,
her: childisn. voice' was very swuet
The tambourine girls were " well
drilled. Their time was Derfect '
Music by Will ' Berjmann, Alfred
highly appreciated. .; ..'
little Miss Machen's recitation was
nicely spoken. - .
"Now I Lay Me Down to Sleep"
was sang very sweet by a number of
ilUI Wt?lTQ JUibfalO tvus opi-;4iru,
the little dudes were happy, joy .
mingled and merrinwnt beamed from
their eyes and countenances during,
the entire drilL' .
. " Resolutions of Bespeet.
Whereas it has pleased the alwise
Orwitnranfl dSsimnftprof mn'a fortune
and destinies to remove from our
midat by death our beloved brother,
Joseph P. Alexander. Therefore, be it
Resolved, That in the death of
brother Alexander, Stoddard Lodge
No. 438, A. O. U. W., has lost a faith
ful and cherished member, the com
munity a citizen quiet in his demeanor, '
asddious in the discharge 'of every
trust, and his family & tender and de
voted husband and father. '
Resolved, That Stoddard Lodge
No. 438," A. O. U. V., as a mark of
esteem for our deceased brother spread
upon the record of our Lodga a copy
of tola preamble and resolutions, ten
der our sympathy to his'bereaved wife
and children and fnn Jah a copy hereof
to the Eloom&eld, Dexter and Cape
Girardsau papers and requat lis pub-
..' TH08. CONNZLLT, ) ' :
W. F. Foho,
re&dy method la iro ning, as to witat
to do acd how to do It, will be fo-cd
la Dr. Eauisaa's Midlcal Vork; fine
coipred pUSfi froni li!a find ferae
2-ceat itaicp, to p:j r : to A.
P. Grassy & Co., Ex a, Ujz