Newspaper Page Text
FINDING THE LEAK.
The Product of the Fields Pay the Mac
or Stony Koad Tax.
Time spent in marketing farm prod
Bee is dead loss.
This loss falls on the crop produce.'
by the farmer. The dappied fields oi
preen and golden wheat know it and
the corn leaves whisper it to the lnzv
pumpkins yellowing in autumn sui:.
They know that ajrainst theni will 1
charged all the time of horses ai:c! men
and aii the wear and tearo." truic-le? em
ployed in transporting them to market.
They know that if the read to town is
very bad and but half a load can lie
marketed in twice the time required for
marketing a full load with a good road
it will all count, against them when the
year'a business is finished and the book
They know that production and con
eumption are the great contending
factors of the farm. Horses and men
ore consuming the crop while they are
producing it. The consumption of it
does not end until it is exchanged for
its cash equivalent. The fewer the
I umber of horses and men, the less the
(.mount of time employed in producing
and marketing it, the more there will
be to credit to the worth of the crop.
The mud tax, or stony-road tax. or
the steep-grade tax is assessed against
tl c product of the fields.
If the farm isn't a paying investment,
the "why?" should be looked into.
The farm, itself, may show a profit.
The miserable road to market may be
the unprofitable part of the business.
;oa: should be so in.ide that loads can
be hauled to market when fields are too
wet to work.
Quit charging the fields with the great
loss of time, the broken vehicles, the
worn-out horses and the many other
ills occasioned by poor roadu Cood
GARDEN AND ORCHARD.
Too much or too severe pruning is al
ways more or less weakening, especially
if continued year after year.
In pruning trece of any kind it :s bet
ter to leave one strong branch or limb
than two or three weak ones.
The only remedy for black rot is to
cut off and burn immediately all
branches that show any indication of
Cultivate your young and small fruit
the same as you would any other crop
on the farm from which you expect to
In setting out grape settings, plant
in a dry, low soil, so that only the top
bud will be exposed and then mulch
When selecting the trees take those
with the roots large and strong enough,
nnd then top light enough to do away
with the necessity of staking.
I!y leaning the trees a little to the
Fouthwest when they are set out. sun
scalding may lie largely avoided, as the
top will partly shade the trunk.
The sooner now that red and black
raspberries, blackberries, currants and
gooseberries are set out the better.
Karly planting induces stronger root
ing. A young, tender tree cannot grow
without good care nnd attention. A
Iree is strong and hardy when it is old
and its roots arc well established, but
nh( D young it must be attended to.
Trees should always be set about as
deep as they stand in the nursery oi
two or three inches deeper to allow for
the settling of the soil. St. Louis lie
BEST ARE CHEAPEST.
fl brn You Build Kotl, Build None Bnt
the Mwt Perfect.
A very wise philosopher has observed
that the great bulk of the people must
el ways support the mass of the popula
tion. The people pay for everything the
people have. The public pays for the
railroads and the expense of runni:,'
them. If the railroads were only halt
es good and could only haul half as
much it would cost the people twice as
much to ride or ship over them.
It ic fortunute for the people that rail
roads are conducted in an organized
business-like wny. If the opponents tc
improved roads had their way the rail
roads would be neither profitable nor
The people of a community are the
ones vitally interested in the roads of
If the farmers of each township were
To get together and mutually agree that
they would go about a system of good
ioad their sum of happiness would be
Since tlie people pay for the road
why not have those that are cheapest
tnd most pleasant the very liest ones?
How They May Be Hridcerf JSoatly sad
at Small Kxpcaae.
Countless pastures are crossed by
brooks and smaller streams that mus t
be crossed by cattle morning and night.
Wading through a muddy stream is !ia-
ble to badly soil the udders of the cows,
with consequent trouble at milking
time. A regular wooden bridge costs
something to build, and is not very Uist
inT. under such conditions as are usu
ally found in pasture strccms. A simple
nlan for bridging a brook is shown in
the cut. Stout sticks are set at an anglo
against each o?her, thus bracing each
other perfectly. Over these are laid
rough logs and the remaining space
filled in with dirt. Grass will soon grow
ver all, and keep the soil from washing.
i. Y. Tribune.
rrjr ar tv:t -j. .. jt.
CHEAP COW STABLE.
Can Be Unlit Snbntantlalljr for About Five
A cheap and convenient cow stable
for sis cows msy be built 16x24. Feed
ing alley shoul.1 lie at least four feet
w ide. Cows facing feed alley. Manure
ditch should be deep and narrow so that
cows may easily srep across and are not
likely to stand with hind feet in the
ditci; while in their stalls. The walk
should be Three and one-half or four
feet wide. The length of the platform
on which the cows stand will depend
upen the size of cows kept. The feed
bins should be in the loft above and
spouted down to boxes (F) below, where
it can be mixed, and is convenient to get.
while not in the road. To keep tiie cows
clean, clear the gutters at least once a
day and use plenty of absorbents, cut
ytraw, dry sawdust or dry forest leaves
being the best for cow stables. In build
ing such a stable put up a balloon frame
and batten the siding, or use tongue
and grooved siding. Such a building
may be built in a good substantial way
at a cost of less than $.".oo. and would
last manv vears. Ohio Farmer.
AXLE GREASE CHEESE.
Why rarmcrs should AisUt in the Sup
pression of it Manufacture.
Every effort to suppress the manu
facture and sale of tilled cheese deserves
the heartiest support of all farmers.
The question is of more general im
portance than many farmers seem to
imagine, for the cheese and butter in
dustries are so closely allied that when
ur export cheese trade is destroyed
the butter market cannot fail tc be af
fected. The recent low prices commanded by
the best creamery butter has alarmed
many people, persuading them into the
belief that the creamery business is
overdone. If this be true and it is not
possible now to say whether it is or not,
for markets are affected by many cir
cumstances but if it be true, tht
remedy lies close at hand. With the
suppression of filled cheese. America
can produce and sell at advantageous
prices tons and tons of the real article.
Iown with the axle grease stuff.
Catching File Off of Cattle.
A machine for catching flies off the
backs of cattle, and so affording the ani
mals relief and comfort, has been invent
ed by a farmer in Madison county, Ky.
The fly catcher is a kind of covered pen
or passageway, through which the ani
mal must walk to secure relief. A few
feet from the entrance there is a cupola
or dome in the roof of the passageway,
made of glass and arranged as a fly
trap. Heyond this the passage is dark
ness. The animal walks through the
machine, and just as it passes under the
dome nnd enters the darkest part a set
of brushes sweep off the flies, which
naturally rise into the lighted dome,
and the steer passes out at the other
Bide free of flits. The flies arc retained
in the dome trap. The inventor has ex
fierimented with his machine, and finds
that the animals soon learn the value of
the machine and know enough to walk
through the machine when the flies be
gin to bite. The device has been pat
ented. Plants for Alkaline Intend.
To the west of us we have wiiat used
to l.e J-incnn as the "Great American
des;rt," but now more famiiiariy com
prehended as our "semi-arid regions."
It has been supposed that this land was
of no great value, having no plant food
and tilled with the destroying alkali,
iieccr.tly, however, the government h:is
been making an analysis of these soils
and finds them rich with the chemicals
necessary for the growth of plants.
Tlie next work will doubtless lie to find
valuable plants that will be able to
stand the alkali and the drought. That
such a thing is possible is proven by
the vigorous growth on those lands of
sage ai:J cactus.
Influencing the Calves.
Prof. Stewart once purchased two
cows, four and six years old, and fed
them to improve if possible their niilk
":riif qualities. One the second year pro
duced BO per cent, more throughout and
was profitably kept until 18 years of
age. The other increased one-third in
milk and one-half m butter, and during
her 19th ycargpve G.27S pounds of milk.
And please note this that a heifer calf
from each before development proved
very ordinary milkers, but calves from
them afterward proved good milkers.
Cot of Pavinc Sew Turk.
An exjiert engineer in New York city
has been carefully estimating the cost
of the various kinds of pavements laid
iu that city during 1S95. The figures
Include cost of curbing, cross-waiks,
inspection, etc., and are of general in
terest: Per Square Yard.
Granite Mocks laid on sanrt 1- 1
I'.eleian blocks laid on sand 1
.V-jphalt on six-inch concrete 2
Asih?.ll on four-inch concrete 2 17
sihHlt over cobblestones 1 K
Vitrified brick on live-inch concrete 2 5f
Civilization aad Good Roa.dc
There is civilization, enlightenment
nnd economy in good roads. Good roads
lead to prompt and steady attendance
upon church services, school room du
ties, neighborly intercourse and social
advancement. Pad roads lead to pro
fanity, worry, trials and tribulation
arrd loss of time. Galveston (Tex.)
POiNTS FOR OUR GIRLS.
A young woman should not bow to
any young man, no matter how well
mannered he may be, who has not been
properly introduced to her.
When ycu have been invited to call
on a friend who is visiting your friend,
ind find both, hostess and guest out,
you should ieave a card for each.
When you arrive in a strange city
end your card, wth your temporary
address upon it and the hour at which
you will be at home, to the friends
hom you wish to see.
At an afternoon tea it is customary,
'.-specially if there are to be many vis
itors, for the hostess to ask some of
ner young girl friends to pour the tea,
coffee and chocolate.
There is no impropriety in gixingto
those men friends with whom one is
tell acquainted some trifling souvenir
fit Christmas or Easter, or "A hen birth
No matter how- friendly a young girl
Tay feel toward a man whom she has
Known for years, any letters, when
trouble comes to his family, should be
addressed to his wife, and not to him.
- When calling on a married lady you
leave one of your own and two of your
husband's cards; when your hostess is
unmarried you leave one of your own
:.nd one of your husband's cards.
A girl of 14 woui.l bettor be thinking
r-I her schoolbooks than of getting mar
jied, for it is scarcely likely that she
ran judge at that :.ge what man would
!'e most desirable as a husband. La
liics' Home Journal.
CHURCH AND CLERGY.
Tev. Charles E. Jefferson, of the Cen
tral Congregational church, Chelsea,
has received a call to the First Congre
gat ional church of Oakland, Cal.
TL? rumor that IJev. William X.
Cleveland, brother of I'rcsident Cleve
land, is to be called to Calvary Presby
terian ch-jrefc, Cleveland, 0., cannot be
The Churo-i Union, of which Mrs.
Elizabeth I!. Grannis has been the ed
itor and proprietor for more than ten
years, has lie'.-n soid to Rev. Samuel T.
Carter, one of its contributing editors.
According to the. London corrcsjion
clcnt of the Glasgow Herald a good
many penitents in Angl--r.ii churches
are complaining of the utter lack of
privr.cy which awaits them when they
go to confession, and are urging the
erection of confessional boxes of the fa
miliar Roman type.
Eev. Dr. Cyrus S. Pate, rector of St.
Taul's Episcopal church, Cleveland,
who has just died from pneumonia,
was one of the most prominent clergy
men in the diocese of Ohio, and was a
member of the ecclesiastical court that
tried liev. Howard Mac Queary for her
esy a few- years ago. He was bom in
Ohio in 1&40.
"Do you tike fuel in exchange for
subscriptions?" asked the caller at the
country newspaper office. "What have
jou got a pct-m?" Yonkers States
man. Xot His Kind. "Intemperance," said
the long-haired pessenger, "is the cry
ing evil of the day." "Ain't with me,"
said the fat passenger. "I always git
the singing kind. Never had a crying
jag in my life." Indianapolis Journal.
Short Engagements. Little Boy
"How soon are you and Sis goin' to be
married?'' Accepted Suitor "She has
nrt named the day yet. I hope she
kes not believe in long engagements?"
Little Hoy "She doesn't. I know,
'cause all her engagements has been
short." Town and Country Journal
"I'm glad to see that one thing has
been brought to the attention of con
gress." said the man who is perpetually
indignant. "What do you mean?"
"The necessity for a universal standard
of weights and measures. What we
want right away is some scheme that'll
make 50 pounds of ice weigh just as
much in July rs it does in April.'
PROGRESS OF JAPAN.
There is no precedent in the history
of nations for the wonderful progress
made by the Japar.ese. The country js
becoming less and less dependent on
other coufttries for its supplies.
Xtw York. May 11. i9
I ATTLE Xiitive Steers t 4 & 6S
FLOCK Winter Wheat I 4J ift 3 Kft
WHKAT-No. 1 Hard. 74 4 i
OATS No. 2 4 2s
POKK-Old and New Mess.. S UJ 14 1J 00
BEEVES-su-cri. I S s 4 la
Cows and Hellers, t ' ii 3 6 1
CALVES 4 (M is, 25
HvXiS Fair to Select. 3 3 4 3 i)
MiKUP Faino Choice. 9 3 4
FLOCK Patents 1SI 3 7U
F.iiicv to Ktru ila.. 2 ,b t& 3 4(1
WHIlAT-No. 2 Ited Winter & f"'4
Ul(N-So.:Mid to - '
OATa No. i 1 to
KVfc Su.-i 35 ' 40
XOU.VCCO Luks 3 1)3 to 0U
Leaf Hurley 4 .V) 12 (M
HAY-CleurTiiiioiuv " fii 1-i Oil
UL' tTEK-C'uoice Dairy M to M
tiGiis 1- resn to
POKli standard Mess (New). 7 t-0 U I 87 'j
UAluX Clear Itib to 4 -.
LAKl Prune steam to 4'
CATTLE Shipping 3 Ml !t 4 :
Km; l air luCuoice 3 2S to 3 lv
SdifcfcP Fairlo Choice 2 DO to 3W
FLOCK Winter Paieuts ( 3n
Syriiin Paleut-i 3 W 3 4t
WHEAT No. i .-.priiiK to
COKX No. ; to
kJA i a No. 2 to !i
't.tv -4Css vnetti 7 7a 7
CATTLE ShiripiiiilSleers.... S 0) 4 IS
ilOvis All Orailc-. 3 la IS
WHEAT NO 2 Ked 62 to ''"4
OA 1 3 No. 2 la'- 16
COKN No. 2... 23'4 1 iisJi
FLOCK HiKh tirade 3 55 (ft 3 8.
COKN-No. 2 l 34
OA'i's Western 2a!4't -
HAY Cnoice 10 Mi to SO o
POUK old Mess kl, b W
BACON Sides to
COTTON' Middling T n,
WHEAT No. 2 lied.. 70 H 71 'i
COKX No.4 Mixed 3Hf 32'.,
OATS No.2 Mixed. 2I',to
POKK New Mes. SUI 8 7a
BACON -Clear Kio a'.tft
COITUS Middling t
Tcld by a Society OIrL
Somathlne About Morphine, Sulphur, Mo
1 buses and Other Things.
IVora the Ectnltig yarn, Xarark, ST. J.
Among the popular society leaders in
EastOraagc, 27. J., EmrnaL. btcll,a charm
inp young maiden, stands iu the foremost
rank. Siio is of a lovable disposition and
the light of the social set in which she
moves. For two years sho has been a sick
pirl from internal troubles peculiar to wom
en, and havira? recentlv recovered. hn
given our reporter tiie foflo wing interesting '
"Instead of improving under the care of !
my pnysician j. oecame worse. For rive
weeks I was unablo to get out of bed and
cboutsix o'clock each mornirurl suffered
horribly. My lips were sore arid lacerated
from the marks of my teeth, for in my ef
forts to keep from screaming- I sunk mv
teeth deep into my lips. At such times I
rolled ana tossed until the bed shook like
on aspen leaf aud it finally got so serious
that tno doctor I won't tell von bis name
gavo me sonic morphine pills to take. The
very thought of them now mukes me shiver.
These morphine pills simply put rue to sleep
for awhile and when I became conscious
agaiu my agouy was renewed.
"The pain in my stomach and back was
more than I could stand. 'Your blood is
Iioor,' said tlie doctor, 'take, sulphur and mo
usses,' and I did until it was a great wonder
that I was not a molasses cake. It was time
wasted in taking it because I was not bene
fited in the leant: my suffering continued,
but by a mighty effort after being in bed so
long, I got up. Oh, -but I was a sad sight
then. From 112 pounds, I had fallen to
ninety; my checks were pule and sunken
aud I limped; yes, actually hobbled from the
extreme iiaio in mv side. Then I read of
I)r. Williams Pink Pills for Pr.le People
aud the testimonial in tlio Kent inspired me
with hope. I got tlio pills and took them.
Before many days I began to improve and
before I had finished 0110 box I felt as if I
could go out and walk for miles. I soon
stopped limping r.nd through the Pink Fills
I soon bid ;roou-byo t3 my liwdaches while
the puin iu my stomach and back slowly
but surely succumbed to tltc Infiucuie of
thse pills that seem to be able to persuade
ell pain t3 leave one's body. Now 1 am as
I used to bo; well end strong, light-hearted
and merry but never without the pills. See
I have got some of them now,'" and from
a n??.rby desk sho handed out one of the
Ur. Williams Pink Fills contain, in a con
densed form, r.ll the elements necess ary to
give new liio and richness to the blood and
restore shattered nerves. They are alf o a
specific for troubles peculiar to females,
such as suppressions, lrrcpularitiee and all
forms of weakness. They build up the
blood, and rcatoro the plow of health to pale
and sallow cheeks, la men they effect a
radical cure in all ca3es arising from mental
worry, overwork or excesses of whatever
nature, pink Pills are sold in boxes (never
in loose bulk) at .V cents a box or six boxes
for S2.n0, End may be had of all drugi.-ts,
cr direct ty mail from Dr. Williams' i.ied
cino Company, Schenectady. N. Y.
How Xapoleon Planned the King of Frtai
la. In the afternoon thekinjfof Prussia,
with his staff, was generally invited to
join their cavalcade for a ride. The
emperor of the French pave a malicious
account of those jaunts in later years.
Himself a fearless horseman, he spurred
his charcer to full speed, and the czar
followed with glee, while the kinff, as
timid in the saddle as in the cabinet,
jounced and bounced, often knocking'
Xapoleon "s arms and elbows. Prof.
Sloane, in Century.
Deafneu Cannot Be Cared
sy local applications, as they cannot reach
the diseased portion of the ear. There is
only one way to cure deafness, and that is
by constitutional remedies. l)cafness is
caused by an inflamed condition of the mu
cous lining of the Eustachian Tube. When
this tube gets inflamed you have a rumbling
sound or miierfect hearing, and when it is
entirely closed deafness is the result, and
unless'the iurlammation can be taken out
and this tube restored to its normal con
dition, hearing will be destroyed forever;
nine cases out of ten are caused by catarrh,
which is nothing but an inflamed condition
of the mucous surfaces.
We will give One Hundred Dollars for
any case of Deafness (caused by catarrhi
that cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh
Cure. iSend for circulars, free.
F. J. Chenet & Co., Toledo, O.
Sold by Druggists, 75c.
Hall's Family Pills are the best.
Lct not mirth be thy profession, lest
thou become a make-sport. He that hath
but gained the litleofa jester, let him as-su.-h
himself the fool is not far off.
SnE "You say that man is out?"' He
"Yes. he was struck out."' She "Why. no
one struck hi:u.'" Cincinnati Cominercial
tfazetle. To have a resjiect for ourselves guides
our morals; and to have a delereuce for
ethers governs our manners. hit-roe.
With a better tinderstanding; of the
transient nature of the many phys
ical ills, which vanish before proper ef
forts pentle efforts pleasant efforts
rightly directed. There is comfort in
the knowledge, that so many forms of
sickness are not due to any actual dis
ease, but simplv to a constipated condi
tion of the svstem, which the pleasant
family laxative. Syrup of Fips. prompt
ly removes. That is why it is the only
remedy with millions of families, and is
everywhere esteemed so highly by ail
who'value gxxxl health. Its beneficial
effects are due to the fact, that it is the
one remedy which promotes internal
cleanliness without debilitating the
organs on which it acts. It is therefore
alf important, in order to get its bene
ficial effects, to note when you pur
chase, that yon have the genuine arti-
. . - . i 1... . 1.
ClC. WniCll IS manuiuciurru uj uir
fornia Fur Syrup Co. only and sold by
i all reputable druggists.
! If in the enjoyment of pood health,
' and the system is regular, laxatives or
other remedies are then not needed. If
afflicted with any actual disease, one
mav be commended to the most skillful
physicians, bnt if in need of a laxative,
one should have the best, and with the
well-informed everywhere. Syrap of
Figs stands highest and is most largely
nsed and gives most general satisfaction.
More Good Xews.
General Manager P. 8. Maceowan, of the
Walter A. Wood Harvester Co., 8U Paul.
Minn., informs us thai business is excellent
and that his company will be able this fall
to liquidate its entire indebtedness, and
pass out of the receiver s hands in a most
prosperous condition. He is our authority,
also, for Minouncing the good news that
some of the most influential stockholders of
the St. Paul and Hoosii k Falls companies
are now at work trying to effect a reorgani
zation, to the end of placing both companies
in a posttinu to go a'.oug with the immense
business in such manner as to maintain past
reputation for solidity and progressiveness.
If the reorganization is effected, which,
from present progress would seem assured,
'he busiue.-s will again be on a solid founda
tion and under a management that will push
its veii known machines in every market
on the globe. Farm Machinery, April HI,
Tri e statesmanship is the art of chang
ing a cation from what it is into what it
ought to be. W. R. Alger.
A sentence, well couched, takes both the
sense and the understanding. Feitluun.
IT OFF" FROM RETURNING. THAT'S RTTCrrecc
There Is no
DONT FORGET for 5 cents you get almost
as much "Battle Ax" as you do of other
brands for 10 cents.
DONT FORGET that " Battle Ax " is made of
the best leaf grown, and the quality cannot be
DONT FORGET, no matter how much you
are charged for a small piece of other brands,
the chew is no better than " Battle Ax."
DONT FORGET, "Economy is wealth," and
you want all you can get for your money.
Why pay 10 cents for other brands when you
can get "Battle Ax" for 5 cents?
EVERY PAIR of MEN'S SHOES . .
EVERY PAIR of WOMEN'S SHOES
BEARING THE NAME OF
rAnicn daiti TPV fiAPDF-N AND RABBIT FENCE.
DE KALB FENCE CO.,S2?,S
(0.000 ACRES FARM LAND8
KANSAS, NEBRASKA, COLORADO, WYOMING, UTAH, f
EXCURSION" RATES for Homeaeekent FAKE kefisueu to riKUHRi
REDUCED PRICES-IO YEARS TIME ONE-TENTH DOWN.
H. A. MeAZiljASTEll, LAND COMMBSIONER. OMAKA. WBB.
The many imitations of
HIRES Rootbeer simply
point to its excellence the
genuine article proves it.
Majtewtlr lv TTic rbvk. K. HiK r... F1i;torfr!pblfc
A IJC pe tite maJw Ugaiiauu Sudccrjfefc
cmib ntulT mi wist
mtt LIKKinHtRE U
Mil GOLD SS,W.W
HI ! mml 1IJ. hr
toSSO. I pCTfoct ordv. t wUl iilp ut
m. i. fi n n jim m.M flf MS. tM
The SlcotOeaoee of Gray Overroaa
Upon the tongue, yellowness of the ski
and evebalis, nausea and uneasiness bo
oeatli the nght ribs and shoulder blade. ia
that the victim of these discomforts is bil
ious. The "proper caper' under such dr
cum stances is to take Hostetter's Stomacb.
Bitters, which also cures chills and fever,,
constipation, dysjiepsia. rheumatic and kieV
ney complaints and nervousness.
Riches do not exhilarate ns so much with
their possc-sion as they torment us wiSfc
their loss Gregory.
Fits stopped free by Dr. Kline's Greafc
Nerve Restorer. No fits afterfirst day's nso.
Marvelous cures. Treatise and S3 trial be
tla free. Dr. Kline, &31 Arch St.. Phila., P
ViRTfE itself offends when coupled wiQk
forbidding manners. Bishop JIuidlelon.
I am entirely cured of hemorrhage offtzsgm
by Piso's Cure for Consumption. Laocia.
LiiNDAMaS, Bethany, Mo., Jan. S, M.
Most men have more courage than i
they themselves think iney have. Ore viUav
tJl, JAtiUDO ULLix GOES STRAIGHT TO
WORK ON PACT AM) DRIVES IT OUT AND "SHUTS
ST. LOUIS, MO.,
ASK I0DR DEALER FOR THEM.
: . FENCE-
mi mm RY m
: 4.000.000 ACRES GRAZING LANDS IN I
fl IDA ! kfr STRTGOLE tat FBCTJW-t-
V J Ot Wril-tM-a Jl.'k-N Fta. Ilh.li .rll .
lUlh Kl-XtCD I.J . S. HlUjlU CD., Uatt'l 'l
nnniM "whisy "' - Bo
U r I U HI WOOLtW, iIULA, . .
cu&s KHttf ail ast fua.
uuga Dyrup. imu.
n tlmL llold by
A. N. k.. a
WWKS WRimCA TO ABr
Mat tkat JM mm tk .